Clodoaldo Tavares de Santana, better known as Clodoaldo, is a Brazilian former footballer who played as a midfielder. Clodoaldo played as a defensive midfielder for both Santos Futebol Clube and the Brazilian national team, for whom he was capped 38 times between 1969 and 1974, he was part of the Brazil squad that won the 1970 FIFA World Cup, scored the equalising goal in the semi-final against Uruguay. He memorably contributed to the famous goal by Carlos Alberto Torres against Italy in the final by dribbling past four of the opposition's players in his own half, he played his club football for Santos, Tampa Bay Rowdies, New York United and Nacional-AM. Santos FCWinner: Campeonato Paulista in 1967, 1968, 1969, 1973 and 1978. Winner: Campeonato Brasileiro Série A in 1968. Brazilian national teamWinner: FIFA World Cup in 1970. Winner: Roca Cup in 1971
Clube Atlético Juventus
The Clube Atlético Juventus known as Juventus, is a professional Brazilian football club based in Mooca, a São Paulo neighborhood. Although it was a Campeonato Brasileiro Série B winner once, Juventus nowadays competes only in São Paulo tournaments, like Campeonato Paulista; the team plays in maroon shirts and white shorts, is nicknamed Moleque Travesso. Clube Atlético Juventus was founded on April 20, 1924 by Cotonificio Rodolfo Crespi employees, as Extra São Paulo; the team colors were the colors of São Paulo state, black and red. The club changed its name to Cotonifício Rodolfo Crespi Futebol Clube in 1925, in 1930, the club changed its name again, to Clube Atlético Juventus, because Count Rodolfo Crespi was a supporter of Juventus of Italy, but the team colors are a homage to Italian club Torino Football Club, because Rodolfo Crespi's son, was a supporter of the club from Turin. Pelé states his most beautiful goal was scored at Rua Javari on a Campeonato Paulista match against Juventus on August 2, 1959.
As there was no video footage of this match, Pelé asked that a computer animation be made of this specific goal. This animation can be seen on a documentary about his career; the club won the Copa FPF for the first time in 2007, after defeating Linense in the final, competed in that season's edition of Recopa Sul-Brasileira. Juventus was eliminated in the Campeonato Brasileiro Série C 2007's first stage. Campeonato Brasileiro Série B: Winners: 1983 Campeonato Brasileiro Série C: Runners-up: 1997 Copa FPF: Winners: 2007 Campeonato Paulista Série A2: Winners: 1929, 2005 Copa São Paulo de Futebol Júnior: Winners: 1985 Juventus' home stadium is Estádio Rua Javari, inaugurated in 1929, with a maximum capacity of 4,000 people. Season 2008 Season 2007 Basílio Candinho Edu Marangon Márcio Bittencourt The anthem's author is Carlos Alberto de Jesus Polastro; the club is nicknamed meaning the Mischievous Boy. The nickname was first used on September 14, 1930, by the journalist Thomaz Mazzoni, after Juventus beat Corinthians 2–1 at Estádio Parque São Jorge, Corinthian's home stadium at the time.
Juventus biggest rival is Nacional. Because of the poor performances of both teams on their championships, they've been relegated to different divisions and cannot play a match between them, since 2007. However, in 2014 Nacional AC was promoted from Second Division to Division A3, where Juventus has been played for a couple of years leading to a recent edition of the Juvenal in April 2015. Portuguesa is another direct rival of Juventus, their matches are known as The Immigrants' Derby. Official website Juventus Supporters website
Hércules Brito Ruas
Brito, real name Hércules de Brito Ruas, is a former Brazilian footballer. He played as a central defender for several clubs, for the Brazilian national team. 1955–1959: Club de Regatas Vasco da Gama 1960–1960: Sport Club Internacional 1960–1969: Club de Regatas Vasco da Gama 1969–1970: Clube de Regatas do Flamengo 1970–1970: Cruzeiro Esporte Clube 1971–1974: Botafogo de Futebol e Regatas 1974–1974: Sport Club Corinthians Paulista 1974–1974: Clube Atlético Paranaense 1975–1975: Le Castor FC 1975–1975: Deportivo Galicia 1975–1978: Democrata Governador Valadares 1979–1979: River Rio de Janeiro State championship: 1956 Rio-São Paulo: 1966 Taça Guanabara: 1965 FIFA World Cup: 1970 Roca Cup: 1971 Placar's Bola de Prata: 1970 Brito has 45 caps with the Brazilian national team between 1964 and 1972. He won the 1970 FIFA World Cup with the Brazilian national team, he played the 1966 FIFA World Cup. Brito Caps Record Honours of Brito
Goalkeeper (association football)
The goalkeeper shortened to keeper or goalie, is one of the major positions of association football. It is the most specialised position in the sport; the goalkeeper's primary role is to prevent the opposing team from scoring. This is accomplished by the goalkeeper moving into the path of the ball and either catching it or directing it away from the vicinity of the goal line. Within the penalty area goalkeepers are able to use their hands, making them the only players on the field permitted to handle the ball; the special status of goalkeepers is indicated by them wearing different coloured kits from their teammates. The back-pass rule prevents goalkeepers handling direct passes back to them from teammates. Goalkeepers perform goal kicks, give commands to their defense during corner kicks and indirect free kicks, marking. Goalkeepers play an important role in directing on field strategy as they have an unrestricted view of the entire pitch, giving them a unique perspective on play development.
The goalkeeper is the only required position of a team. If they are injured or sent off, a substitute goalkeeper has to take their place, otherwise an outfield player must take the ejected keeper's place in goal. In order to replace a goalkeeper, sent off, a team substitutes an outfield player for the backup keeper, they play the remainder of the match with nine outfield players. If a team does not have a substitute goalkeeper, or they have used all of their permitted substitutions for the match, an outfield player has to take the dismissed goalkeeper's place and wear the goalkeeper shirt; the squad number for a first choice goalkeeper is number 1, although they may wear any jersey number between 1 and 99. Association football, like many sports, has experienced many changes in tactics resulting in the generation and elimination of different positions. Goalkeeper is the only position, certain to have existed since the codification of the sport. In the early days of organised football, when systems were limited or non-existent and the main idea was for all players to attack and defend, teams had a designated member to play as the goalkeeper.
The earliest account of football teams with player positions comes from Richard Mulcaster in 1581 and does not specify goalkeepers. The earliest specific reference to keeping goal comes from Cornish Hurling in 1602. According to Carew: "they pitch two bushes in the ground, some eight or ten foot asunder. One of these is appointed by lots, to the one side, the other to his adverse party. There is assigned for their guard, a couple of their best stopping Hurlers". Other references to scoring goals begin in English literature in the early 16th century. In a 1613 poem, Michael Drayton refers to "when the Ball to throw, And drive it to the Gole, in squadrons forth they goe", it seems inevitable that wherever a game has evolved goals, some form of goalkeeping must be developed. David Wedderburn refers to what has been translated from Latin as to "keep goal" in 1633, though this does not imply a fixed goalkeeper position; the word "goal-keeper" is used in the novel Tom Brown's School Days. The author is here referring to an early form of rugby football: You will see in the first place, that the sixth-form boy, who has the charge of goal, has spread his force so as to occupy the whole space behind the goal-posts, at distances of about five yards apart.
The word "goal-keeper" appeared in the Sheffield Rules of 1867, but the term did not refer to a designated player, but rather to "that player on the defending side who for the time being is nearest to his own goal". The goal-keeper, thus defined, did not enjoy any special handling privileges; the FA's first Laws of the Game of 1863 did not make any special provision for a goalkeeper, with any player being allowed to catch or knock-on the ball. Handling the ball was forbidden in 1870; the next year, 1871, the laws were amended to introduce the goalkeeper and specify that the keeper was allowed to handle the ball "for the protection of his goal". The restrictions on the ability of the goalkeeper to handle the ball were changed several times in subsequent revisions of the laws: 1871: the keeper may handle the ball only "for the protection of his goal". 1873: the keeper may not "carry" the ball. 1883: the keeper may not carry the ball for more than two steps. 1887: the keeper may not handle the ball in the opposition's half.
1901: the keeper may handle the ball for any purpose. 1912: the keeper may handle the ball only in the penalty area. 1931: the keeper may take up to four steps while carrying the ball. 1992: the keeper may not handle the ball after it has been deliberately kicked to him/her by a team-mate. 1997: the keeper may not handle the ball for more than six seconds. Goalkeepers played between the goalposts and had limited mobility, except when trying to save opposition shots. Throughout the years, the role of the goalkeeper has evolved, due to the changes in systems of play, to become more active; the goalkeeper is the only player in association football allowed to use their han
Gérson de Oliveira Nunes known as Gérson Portuguese pronunciation:, nickname Canhotinha de ouro is a Brazilian former association footballer who played as a midfielder. He won numerous national trophies with the club sides of Flamengo, Botafogo, São Paulo and Fluminense, he is known as being "the brain" behind the Brazilian Football Team that won the 1970 FIFA World Cup in Mexico. Gérson was born and spent his childhood in the city of Niterói, just to the eastern side of Guanabara Bay from Rio de Janeiro the capital of the former Rio de Janeiro State. In school he was nicknamed papagaio, a nickname he kept throughout his life and which many of his fellow footballers used when addressing him. Both his father and uncle were professional footballers in Rio, his father was a close friend of the legendary Zizinho held as the best Brazilian footballer before Pelé, a superstar with Flamengo and a forward in the 1950 national team, along with Vasco da Gama's Ademir Menezes and Flamengo's Jair da Rosa Pinto.
So when Gérson announced he intended to become a footballer himself, he found little opposition at home. As a boy his heroes had been the aforementioned midfielders Zizinho and Jair and Vasco da Gama's Danilo Alvim. However, in his first club, Flamengo, he was cast in the same mold as the most influential midfield player of that era, Didi; the young Gérson combined technique and an potent left foot shot with intelligence and an uncanny ability to control the game from the midfield. One of his greatest assets was his ability to switch defence into attack with one long, laser-like pass from deep inside his own half. Soon he was being talked of as a successor to Didi. Within a year of making his professional debut for Flamengo in 1959, he was called to the Brazilian ‘amateur’ team in the Pan-American Games in Chicago. A year he was a lynchpin of the side at the Rome Olympics where he scored four goals, but Brazil did not make it beyond the group phase. By 1961, he was the playmaker in Flamengo, he had been recruited into the full national squad to defend the World Cup in Chile by the new national coach Aymore Moreira.
Yet his dreams of combining with the bandy-legged ‘Little Bird’ Garrincha, along with Pelé and Didi in Chile were dashed when he suffered a serious knee injury. Forced to undergo surgery, he couldn’t get himself back into Moreira’s squad, it would be one of many injuries to blight his career. In 1963 he chose not to sign another contract with Flamengo after being assigned the impossible task of man-marking Garrincha in the 1962 Rio de Janeiro Championship final, which Botafogo won 3–0, he packed his bags and moved to Botafogo, which by had the most celebrated squad in Rio and arguably in Brazil, alongside Pelé's Santos, featuring superstars Garrincha, Nilton Santos and Quarentinha. In Botafogo he became one of the most celebrated Brazilian players of his generation, winning the Torneio Rio-São Paulo in 1964 and 1965, the Rio de Janeiro Championship in 1967 and 1968 and with the Brazilian Cup in 1968 in two finals against Fortaleza the first national honour in the history of Botafogo. On, he played for São Paulo and Fluminense, his favourite team.
Gérson is considered one of the best passers in World Cup history. Although he didn't play well in 1966, he was the mastermind behind the whole Brazilian national team in the 1970 tournament, he is regarded as the best passer and midfielder in that edition of that World Cup, in that Brazilian squad, the best player in the 4–1 victory against Italy in the final. Overall, he played 70 times for Brazil, scoring 14 goals for his country, including one in that 1970 World Cup final. Outside the soccer pitch, Gérson's name became nationally infamous after he starred in a Vila Rica cigarettes' advertising campaign for television in 1976, which had him read the tagline "I like to take advantage of everything, right? You too take advantage!". The line became associated with the traditional Brazilian disregard for laws and social rules as well as bribery and corruption maneuvers, informally named "jeitinho brasileiro", the expression is used to these days, he publicly regretted having starred in the ad, claiming his association with such acts did not reflect his true personality.
Although Gérson played as a holding midfielder, Jonathan Wilson noted in a 2013 article for The Guardian that he was an early example of a more creative interpreter of this role, who focussed more on ball retention and passing rather than looking to win back possession. A tactically intelligent and technically gifted midfield playmaker, he was considered the "brain" behind the Brazilian squad that won the 1970 World Cup, he was known for his ability to retain possession and dictate the tempo of his team's play in midfield with his precise passing, was capable of switching from defence to attack by playing sudden, accurate long balls to his meet his teammates' runs. He possessed an excellent positional sense, a powerful shot with his left foot, which earned him the nickname Canhotinha de Ouro. Gérson displayed anger towards Pele's list, he was adamant with the ruling and thought that he and a few of his teammates deserved a spot on the list. He symbolically ripped up a piece of paper, a clear representation of Pele's list, on a local broadcasting station saying that, "I respect his opinion, but I don't agree.
Apart from Zidane and Fontaine, I'm behind 11 Frenchmen? It's a joke to hear this." Brazil national team Flamengo (153 matc
Brazil the Federative Republic of Brazil, is the largest country in both South America and Latin America. At 8.5 million square kilometers and with over 208 million people, Brazil is the world's fifth-largest country by area and the fifth most populous. Its capital is Brasília, its most populated city is São Paulo; the federation is composed of the union of the 26 states, the Federal District, the 5,570 municipalities. It is the largest country to have Portuguese as an official language and the only one in the Americas. Bounded by the Atlantic Ocean on the east, Brazil has a coastline of 7,491 kilometers, it borders all other South American countries except Ecuador and Chile and covers 47.3% of the continent's land area. Its Amazon River basin includes a vast tropical forest, home to diverse wildlife, a variety of ecological systems, extensive natural resources spanning numerous protected habitats; this unique environmental heritage makes Brazil one of 17 megadiverse countries, is the subject of significant global interest and debate regarding deforestation and environmental protection.
Brazil was inhabited by numerous tribal nations prior to the landing in 1500 of explorer Pedro Álvares Cabral, who claimed the area for the Portuguese Empire. Brazil remained a Portuguese colony until 1808, when the capital of the empire was transferred from Lisbon to Rio de Janeiro. In 1815, the colony was elevated to the rank of kingdom upon the formation of the United Kingdom of Portugal and the Algarves. Independence was achieved in 1822 with the creation of the Empire of Brazil, a unitary state governed under a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary system; the ratification of the first constitution in 1824 led to the formation of a bicameral legislature, now called the National Congress. The country became a presidential republic in 1889 following a military coup d'état. An authoritarian military junta came to power in 1964 and ruled until 1985, after which civilian governance resumed. Brazil's current constitution, formulated in 1988, defines it as a democratic federal republic. Due to its rich culture and history, the country ranks thirteenth in the world by number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Brazil is considered an advanced emerging economy. It has the ninth largest GDP in the world by nominal, eight and PPP measures, it is one of the world's major breadbaskets, being the largest producer of coffee for the last 150 years. It is classified as an upper-middle income economy by the World Bank and a newly industrialized country, with the largest share of global wealth in Latin America. Brazil is a regional power and sometimes considered a great or a middle power in international affairs. On account of its international recognition and influence, the country is subsequently classified as an emerging power and a potential superpower by several analysts. Brazil is a founding member of the United Nations, the G20, BRICS, Union of South American Nations, Organization of American States, Organization of Ibero-American States and the Community of Portuguese Language Countries, it is that the word "Brazil" comes from the Portuguese word for brazilwood, a tree that once grew plentifully along the Brazilian coast.
In Portuguese, brazilwood is called pau-brasil, with the word brasil given the etymology "red like an ember", formed from brasa and the suffix -il. As brazilwood produces a deep red dye, it was valued by the European textile industry and was the earliest commercially exploited product from Brazil. Throughout the 16th century, massive amounts of brazilwood were harvested by indigenous peoples along the Brazilian coast, who sold the timber to European traders in return for assorted European consumer goods; the official Portuguese name of the land, in original Portuguese records, was the "Land of the Holy Cross", but European sailors and merchants called it the "Land of Brazil" because of the brazilwood trade. The popular appellation eclipsed and supplanted the official Portuguese name; some early sailors called it the "Land of Parrots". In the Guarani language, an official language of Paraguay, Brazil is called "Pindorama"; this was the name the indigenous population gave to the region, meaning "land of the palm trees".
Some of the earliest human remains found in the Americas, Luzia Woman, were found in the area of Pedro Leopoldo, Minas Gerais and provide evidence of human habitation going back at least 11,000 years. The earliest pottery found in the Western Hemisphere was excavated in the Amazon basin of Brazil and radiocarbon dated to 8,000 years ago; the pottery was found near Santarém and provides evidence that the tropical forest region supported a complex prehistoric culture. The Marajoara culture flourished on Marajó in the Amazon delta from 800 CE to 1400 CE, developing sophisticated pottery, social stratification, large populations, mound building, complex social formations such as chiefdoms. Around the time of the Portuguese arrival, the territory of current day Brazil had an estimated indigenous population of 7 million people semi-nomadic who subsisted on hunting, fishing and migrant agriculture; the indigenous population of Brazil comprised several large indigenous ethnic groups. The Tupí people were subdivided into the Tupiniquins and Tupinambás, there were many subdivisions of the other gro