Kit (association football)
In association football, kit is the standard equipment and attire worn by players. The sport's Laws of the Game specify the minimum kit which a player must use, prohibit the use of anything, dangerous to either the player or another participant. Individual competitions may stipulate further restrictions, such as regulating the size of logos displayed on shirts and stating that, in the event of a match between teams with identical or similar colours, the away team must change to different coloured attire. Footballers wear identifying numbers on the backs of their shirts. A team of players wore numbers from 1 to 11, corresponding to their playing positions, but at the professional level this has been superseded by squad numbering, whereby each player in a squad is allocated a fixed number for the duration of a season. Professional clubs usually display players' surnames or nicknames on their shirts, above their squad numbers. Football kit has evolved since the early days of the sport when players wore thick cotton shirts and heavy rigid leather boots.
In the twentieth century, boots became lighter and softer, shorts were worn at a shorter length, advances in clothing manufacture and printing allowed shirts to be made in lighter synthetic fibres with colourful and complex designs. With the rise of advertising in the 20th century, sponsors' logos began to appear on shirts, replica strips were made available for fans to purchase, generating significant amounts of revenue for clubs; the Laws of the Game set out the basic equipment which must be worn by all players in Law 4: The Players' Equipment. Five separate items are specified: shirt, socks and shin pads. Goalkeepers are allowed to wear tracksuit bottoms instead of shorts. While most players wear studded football boots, the Laws do not specify. Shirts must have sleeves, goalkeepers must wear shirts which are distinguishable from all other players and the match officials. Thermal undershorts must be the same colour as the shorts themselves. Shin pads must be covered by the stockings, be made of rubber, plastic or a similar material, "provide a reasonable degree of protection".
The only other restriction on equipment defined in the Laws of the Game is the requirement that a player "must not use equipment or wear anything, dangerous to himself or another player". It is normal for individual competitions to specify that all outfield players on a team must wear the same colours, though the Law states only "The two teams must wear colours that distinguish them from each other and the referee and the assistant referees". In the event of a match between teams who would wear identical or similar colours the away team must change to a different colour; because of this requirement a team's second-choice is referred to as its "away kit" or "away colours", although it is not unknown at international level, for teams to opt to wear their away colours when not required to by a clash of colours, or to wear them at home. The England national team sometimes plays in red shirts when it is not required, as this was the strip worn when the team won the 1966 FIFA World Cup. In some cases both teams have been forced to wear their second choice away kits.
Many professional clubs have a "third kit", ostensibly to be used if both their first-choice and away colours are deemed too similar to those of an opponent. Most professional clubs have retained the same basic colour scheme for several decades, the colours themselves form an integral part of a club's culture. Teams representing countries in international competition wear national colours in common with other sporting teams of the same nation; these are based on the colours of the country's national flag, although there are exceptions—the Italian national team, for example, wear blue as it was the colour of the House of Savoy, the Australian team like most Australian sporting teams wear the Australian National Colours of green and gold, neither of which appear on the flag, the Dutch national team wear orange, the colour of the Dutch Royal House. Shirts are made of a polyester mesh, which does not trap the sweat and body heat in the same way as a shirt made of a natural fibre. Most professional clubs have sponsors' logos on the front of their shirts, which can generate significant levels of income, some offer sponsors the chance to place their logos on the back of their shirts.
Depending on local rules, there may be restrictions on how large these logos may be or on what logos may be displayed. Competitions such as the Premier League may require players to wear patches on their sleeves depicting the logo of the competition. A player's number is printed on the back of the shirt, although international teams also place numbers on the front, professional teams print a player's surname above their number; the captain of each team is required to wear an elasticated armband around the left sleeve to identify them as the captain to the referee and supporters. Most current players wear specialist football boots, which can be made either of
S.S.D. Unione Sanremo
Società Sportiva Dilettantistica Unione Sanremo referred to as Unione Sanremo or Sanremese is an Italian association football club, based in Sanremo, Liguria. The historical U. S. Sanremese Calcio 1904 after the 16th place in the 2010–11 season in Lega Pro Seconda Divisione group A was liquidated. On the summer 2012 the club was refounded with the current name restarting from Terza Categoria Savona/Imperia, it plays in Serie D. The club was founded in 1904 as U. S. Sanremese 1904, but the football team was founded only in 1911; the US Sanremese Calcio 1904 was born by the merger of the first two local teams: the Ausonia and the Speranza. The team played three seasons in Serie B from 1937–38 to 1939–40 when they were relegated in Serie C. In the 1937–38 season gets the 9th place in Serie B, the best result in club history. It's the only Italian team to have played in every championship of Serie C in a sole national division from 1952–53 to 1957–58; the team from 1977–78 to 1978–79 came from Serie D to Serie C1.
The club played seven consecutive seasons in Serie C1 from 1979–80, when it achieved an historic 4th place, to 1985–86 when they retreated in Serie C2 and the next year in Serie D. In the season 1980–81 it played the Anglo-Italian Cup, called in this year Talbot Challenge Cup; the team won 3–1 with Hungerford Town and 2–1 with Bridgend Town, draw 2–2 with Oxford City and lost 1–0 with Poole Town. It ranked third in the group with 7 points, dominated by Modena won the competition. In the summer of 1987 the company fell after 83 years of existence because of the large debts; the club was refounded in 1987 allocating by the Terza Categoria as Sanremese Football Club 1904 On 1992 with the merger with Sanremo 80, it filming the historic name of U. S. Sanremese Calcio 1904. In the league 1991–92 and 1995–96 the club won the regional Eccellenza Liguria gaining promotion to Serie D and the 1995–96 Regional Coppa Italia Liguria:. In the season 1997 -- 98 lost in the final scudetto with the Giugliano; the team played two seasons in Serie C2 from 1998–99 to 1999–2000 when it retreated to Serie D.
The club played four seasons in Serie D from 2000–01 to 2001–04 when was admitted to Serie C2. The team played three seasons in Serie C2 from 2004–05 to 2006–07 when it retreated to Serie D. On the season 2005–06 lost the final Coppa Italia Serie C with the Gallipoli lose away 1–0 and at home wins 2–1. From November 2007, most of the players leave the team, become in the meantime USD Sanremese 1904, in strong crisis of liquidity, for non-payment of wages, thus leading to relegation from the Serie D. On 10 July 2008 the club was declared inactive to the FIGC after being refused entry to the League of Eccellenza, because of the large debts. In summer 2008, the last president Carlo Barillà refounded the team with the same name of U. S. D. Sanremese 1904, that played in the season 2008–09 in Seconda Categoria. On 4 August 2009 the Ospedaletti-Sanremo, just promoted from the Promozione Ligure girone A, after the agreement with Carlo Barillà for the cessation of the homonymous team that he was founded, changes name in U.
S. D. Sanremese Calcio 1904: so the company's family Del Gratta has been the only legitimate heir of the old society. In the league 2009–10, coached by Giancarlo "Carlo" Calabria Sanremese wins the regional Eccellenza Liguria gaining promotion in Serie D. and the Regional Coppa Italia Liguria:. It eliminated in the Coppa Italia Dilettanti 2009-2010 from Bolzano, in the quarter-finals losing for 1–2 at home and equalizing 0–0 away. On 4 August 2010 became U. S. Sanremese Calcio 1904 the team obtained the admission into Lega Pro Seconda Divisione group A for the 2010-11 season; the club survived relegation on the pitch after a 3-2 aggregate win over Sacilese Calcio in the playoff round. After the arrest, of 15 March 2011, of Marco and his father Riccardo Del Gratta President and Director General, the company was temporarily administered by Giancarlo Lupi, a brother-in-law of the President Marco Del Gratta, they are accused of being the beneficiaries of the alleged threats and extortions to players of Sanremese, so that the latter rescind the onerous contracts signed in the summer.
Since 16 March 2011, after the resignations of the owners Marco and Riccardo Del Gratta, the new CEO was Giuseppe Fava, responsible for the youth sector. On 30 June 2011, the club wasn't able to enter 2011–12 Lega Pro Seconda Divisione for failure to submit the required surety agreement and was so subsequently liquidated. After a year of inactivity, in the summer 2012 the club was refounded as A. S. D. Sanremese by the entrepreneur Luca Colangelo and president, restarting from Terza Categoria Savona/Imperia. In the summer 2013 the club placed, its home stadium has been the Campo Sportivo Pian di Poma in Sanremo. The club on 6 October 2013, after a disastrous start on the group AB of Seconda Categoria Liguria sacked Mattia Moraglia, the coach of last season, replaced until the resignations of 21 October by Marco Pinto and after by Fabrizio Gatti; the club was promoted to Prima Categoria after the play off round. Since the summer 2014 the new President is Alessio Graglia and the coach is Andrea Caverzan.
The team plays in group A of Prima Categoria Liguria. Its home stadium is the Stadio Comunale in Sanremo; the U. S. Sanremese Calcio 1904 has played 60 national leagues: 3 times in Serie B: the first on 1937–38, the last on 1939–40 38 times in Lega Pro: the first on 1934–35, the last on 2010–11 19 times in Serie D: the first on 1963–64, the last on 2007–08; the team's colors are light blue and white, the second shirt is red. The A. S. D. Sanremese such as the historic U. S. Sanremese Calcio 1904 played at the Stadio Comunale of Sanremo, site in Corso Mazzini 15
Casale Foot Ball Club A. S. D. is an Italian football club, based in Piedmont. The club plays in Serie D; the team's nickname nerostellati refers to the team’s colours of black with a white star on the heart. When the club was founded in 1909 Casale was at the geographical centre of the new footballing movement in Italy. Genoa, Pro Vercelli, Internazionale Torino and Alessandria were all leading clubs in the Italian football league system and Casale soon joined their number. In May 1913 Casale became the first Italian club to defeat an English professional team when they beat Reading F. C. 2–1. Reading won all the other games on this tour, defeating Genoa, Pro Vercelli and the Italian national team. In the following season Casale won their only national title. Italian football was organized on a regional basis and the national championship was divided into three stages. Casale topped the Ligurian-Piedmontese division and proceeded, along with second-placed Genoa, to compete in a division comprising the top northern teams.
Having won that division, Casale defeated central-southern champions Lazio 7–1, 0–2 in the two-leg final. After World War I Casale remained in the top division for a couple of decades, representing what had been the cradle of early Italian football. With the development of professionalism, Casale was progressively relegated to lower divisions, 1934 being their last year in Serie A; the club was refounded twice, in 1993 and 2013, when it was refounded with the present, original name used from 1909 to 1925 and 1929 to 1935. Heated rivalry between the fans Casale and Alessandria. See Category:Casale F. B. C. PlayersFive players who appeared in the scudetto-winning team of 1913–14 played in the Italian national team, all making their international debuts between 1912 and 1914: Luigi Barbesino Giovanni Gallina Angelo Mattea Giuseppe Parodi Amedeo Varese Casale’s biggest star, was the full back Umberto Caligaris whose career with the club ran from 1919 to 1928. During this period he made 37 appearances for the Azzurri.
He represented Italy in the 1924 Olympics and won a bronze medal at the 1928 Summer Olympics before leaving Casale for Juventus. His total of 59 caps stood as a record for many years. Eraldo Monzeglio to represent Italy on numerous occasions, including the 1934 and 1938 World Cups, made his Serie A debut with Casale in 1924–25; the following season, however he moved to Bologna F. C. 1909. Serie A Winners: 1913–14Serie B Winners: 1929–30Serie C Winners: 1937–38Coppa Italia Dilettanti Winners: 1998–99 For 1913: Il Calcio a Casale M.to
Football in Italy
Football is the most popular sport in Italy. The Italian national football team is considered to be one of the best national teams in the world, they have won the FIFA World Cup four times, trailing only Brazil, runners-up in two finals and reaching a third place and a fourth place. They have won one European Championship appearing in two finals, finished third at the Confederations Cup, won one Olympic football tournament and two Central European International Cups. Italy's top domestic league, the Serie A, is one of the most popular professional sports leagues in the world and it is depicted as the most tactical national football league. Italy's club sides have won 48 major European trophies, making them the second most successful nation in European football. Serie A hosts three of the world's most famous clubs as Juventus and Inter, all founding members of the G-14, a group which represented the largest and most prestigious European football clubs. Juventus and Inter, along with Roma, Fiorentina and Parma but now Napoli are known as the Seven Sisters of Italian football.
Italian managers are the most successful in European Football in competitions such as the Champions League. More players have won the coveted Ballon d'Or award while playing at a Serie A club than any other league in the world. Other forms of football were played in Italy in ancient times, the earliest of, Harpastum, played during the times of the Roman Empire; this game may have been influential to other forms throughout Europe due to the expansion of the Empire, including Medieval football. From the 16th century onwards, Calcio Fiorentino, another code of football distinct from the modern game, was played in the Piazza Santa Croce in Florence; some famous Florentines were amongst players of the game the Medici family including Piero and Alessandro de' Medici. As well as Popes such as Clement VII, Leo XI and Urban VIII who played the game in the Vatican; the name calcio was adopted for football in Italy. The modern variation of the game was brought to Italy during the 1880s; the title of the first Italian football club is a controversial one, the most cited in popular history is Genoa Cricket and Football Club who were formed as a cricket club to represent England abroad, founded by Englishmen in 1893.
Three years in 1896 a man named James Richardson Spensley arrived in Genoa introducing the football section of the club and becoming its first manager. However, evidence exists to suggest. Edoardo Bosio, a merchant worker in the British textile industry had visited England and experienced the game, he was motivated to help spread football in his homeland. He founded Cricket Club that year while Nobili Torino soon followed; the second club bore the name of noble because it contained the Duke of the Abruzzi and Alfonso Ferrero di Ventimiglia. The two merged in 1891 to form Internazionale Football Club Torino, By 1898 the rival federation FIGC had been formed, with its center in Turin and the first two presidents as Mario Vicary and Luigi D'Ovidio. FIGC created the Italian Football Championship with the four founder clubs being; the first competition of, held at Velodromo Umberto I in Turin on 8 May 1898 and was won by Genoa. While it was common for clubs to compete in both FIGC and FNGI competitions early on, the titles won in the FIGC championship are the only ones recognised by the modern day league.
In the following years, the tournament was structured into regional groups with the winners of each group participating in a playoff with the eventual winners being declared champions. Until to 1904 the tournament was dominated by Genoa. Between 1905 and 1908 a Final Group among regional champions was contested to award the title and the Spensley Cup. Juventus won his first title and Spensley Cup in 1905, but the two following championships were won by Milan. In November 1907, the FIF organised two championships in the same season: Italian Championship, the main tournament where only Italian players were allowed to play; the majority of big clubs withdrew from both the championships in order to protest against the autarchical policy of the FIF. The Federal Championship was won by Juventus against Doria, while The Italian Championship 1908 and Coppa Buni were won by Pro Vercelli, beating Juventus, Doria and US Milanese. However, the Federal Championship won by Juventus was forgotten by FIGC, due to the boycott made by the dissident clubs.
In 1909 season, the two different championships were organised again, with Coppa Obe
U.S. Folgore Caratese A.S.D.
U. S. Folgore Caratese A. S. D. is an Italian association football club, based in Carate Brianza which plays in Serie D group A. The club was founded in 2011 after the merger of U. S. Folgore Verano and U. S. Caratese; the most notable former player of Caratese has been Moreno Torricelli. Folgore Caratese is a satellite team of Novara Calcio; the club serves as a training side for Novara's young talents. The team's colors are blue with white border, it plays at the Stadio XXV Aprile in Carate Brianza, which has a capacity of 3,000. Official Website
Aprilia is a city and comune in the province of Latina, now incorporated in the conurbation of Rome, in the Lazio region of central Italy. It is the fifth town for the tenth for its area. Aprilia is located at 80 metres above sea level, in the Agro Romano, is 16 kilometres away from the Anzio and Nettuno sea side towns, 28 km from Rome and 16 km from Colli Albani. Although Aprilia is part of the province of Latina, because of its strategic position at the far north of the Pontinian province, Aprilia is associated to Rome, it has been considered. In ancient times the territory of Aprilia was under the dominion of Rome. In modern age Aprilia was founded on April 1936, during the Fascist government; the project of the land reclamation, wanted by Benito Mussolini, where the Duce proposed new areas for Italian citizens to live and work in not so far from the big cities. Aprilia was part of the project called 2PST by The area where the city has been built belonged to the Rome county, is the fourth in order of foundation after Littoria, Sabaudia e Pontinia.
The name of the city come from the Latin Venus Aprilia - "Fruitful Venus" With a surface of 17,774 hectares and 71,150 inhabitants as of 31 March 2011, the municipality comprises the city center and the following settlements: Agip, Buon Riposo, Campo del Fico, Campo di Carne, Campoverde, Carano-Garibaldi, Casalazzara, Gattone, Genio Civile, Guardapasso, Isole, La Gogna, Pantanelle, Pian di Frasso, Spaccasassi, Torre Bruna, Torre del Padiglione, Vallelata, Valli. In 1929, after repeated attempts, began the work of land reclamation in the area that attracted a significant number of people coming from Trentino, from Friuli, from Emilia Romagna. At the end of 1931 started the real transformation of the land with deforestation in the whole area, the marsh was drained, the land was plowed and houses were built with estates ranging from 4 to 12 hectares. Only a stable population settled in living for a small part in the new urban center, most of them in rural houses. Aprilia was an integral part of the reclamation Pontina including Littoria, Sabaudia and Pomezia.
At its foundation, the Urban Center was composed of four main buildings: City, post office and casa del Fascio, to which were added Cinema Littorio and the inn. Things became critical with the beginning of the Battle of Rome. In January 1944 Aprilia called "la fabbrica", "the factory" by the Allies, was reduced to a pile of rubble and the population took refuge in Campania and Calabria. In the 50's, Italians from North Africa colonies who built extensive vineyards to produce wines with Denominazione di origine controllata and some of the best grapes in Italy. With the establishment of the Cassa per il Mezzogiorno and, the Consortium for the area of industrial development in Lazio, the future of Aprilia changed completely: it went from agriculture to a consumer'market-oriented agriculture, new and more technically advanced farms emerged; this was the first step toward industrialization itself. At the end of 1951 settled in Aprilia's first factory, the Simmenthal, followed by many other national and international workshops.
The town gave work to many workers. Aprilia houses about one hundred plants, including some major corporations. On Aprili 26, 1996, Aprilia became the sister city of Mostardas, a town of Rio Grande do Sul, where the national hero Menotti Garibaldi was born, whose remains rest in Aprilia after some parts of the neighbouring town Velletri switched to Aprilia in the same year. Agip, Buon Riposo, Campo del Fico, Campo di Carne, Campoverde, Carano - Garibaldi, Casalazzara, Gattone, Genio Civile, Guardapasso, Isole, La Cogna, Pantanelle, Pian di Frasso, Spaccasassi, Torre Bruna, Torre del Padiglione, Vallelata, Valli; the Aprilia region is home to a 3,700-hectare Denominazione di origine controllata DOC, noted for its varietal wines from varieties such as Trebbiano, Merlot and Abbuoto. Under DOC regulations, the wine must be labeled for the grape variety in order to qualify for the DOC designation. Nearly 75% of the DOC production is centered around Trebbiano. Additional DOC requirements include: Merlot and Trebbiano grapes must be harvested to a yield no greater than 15 tonnes per hectare with the finished wine needing to attain a minimum alcohol level of at least 11% Sangiovese have a maximum yield restriction of 14 t/ha with the finished wine needing at least 11.5% alcohol by volume.
Aprilia is twinned with: Mostardas, Brazil Buja, Italy Montorio al Vomano, Italy Sciacca, Italy Ben Arous, Tunisia Tulcea, Romania Cingoli, Italy Media related to Aprilia at Wikimedia Commons
Away colours are a choice of coloured clothing used in team sports. They are required to be worn by one team during a game between teams that would otherwise wear the same colours as each other, or similar colours; this change prevents confusion for officials and spectators. In most sports, it is the visiting or road team that must change – second-choice kits are known as away kits or change kits in British English, road uniforms in American English; some sports leagues mandate that away teams must always wear an alternative kit, while others state that the two teams' colours should not match. In some sports, conventionally the home team has changed its kit. In most cases, a team wears its away kit only when its primary kit would clash with the colours of the home team. However, sometimes teams wear away colours by choice even in a home game. At some clubs, the away kit has become more popular than the home version. Replica home and away kits are available for fans to buy; some teams have produced third-choice kits, or old-fashioned throwback uniforms.
In North American sports, road teams wear a change uniform regardless of a potential colour clash. "Color vs. color" games are a rarity, having been discouraged in the era of black-and-white television. All road uniforms are white in gridiron football and the National Hockey League, while in baseball, visitors wear grey. In the National Basketball Association and NCAA basketball, home uniforms are white or yellow, visiting teams wear the darker colour. Most teams choose to wear their colour jerseys at home, with the road team changing to white in most cases. White road uniforms gained prominence with the rise of television in the 1950s. A "white vs. color" game was easier to follow in black-and-white. According to Phil Hecken, "until the mid 1950′s, not only was color versus color common in the NFL, it was the norm." Long after the advent of colour television, the use of white jerseys has remained in every game. The NFL's current rules require that a team's home jerseys must be "either white or official team color" throughout the season, "and visiting clubs must wear the opposite".
If a team insists on wearing its home uniforms on the road, the NFL Commissioner must judge on whether their uniforms are "of sufficient contrast" with those of their opponents. The road team might instead wear a third jersey, such as the Seattle Seahawks' "Wolf Grey" alternate. According to the Gridiron Uniform Database, the Cleveland Browns wore white for every home game of the 1955 season; the only times they wore brown was for games at Philadelphia and the New York Giants, when the Eagles and Giants chose to wear white. In 1964 the Baltimore Colts, Cleveland Browns, Minnesota Vikings and Los Angeles Rams wore white for their home games according to Tim Brulia's research; the St. Louis Cardinals wore white for several of their home games, as well as the Dallas Cowboys; until 1964 Dallas had worn blue at home, but it was not an official rule that teams should wear their coloured jerseys at home. The use of white jerseys was introduced by general manager Tex Schramm, who wanted fans to see a variety of opponents' jersey colours at home games.
The Cowboys still wear white at home today. White has been worn at home by the Miami Dolphins, Washington Redskins, Philadelphia Eagles, several other NFL teams. Teams in cities with hot climates choose white jerseys at home during the first half of the season, because light colours absorb and retain less heat in sunlight – as such, the Dolphins, who stay white year-round, will use their coloured jerseys for home night games; every current NFL team except the Seattle Seahawks has worn white at home at some time in its history. During the successful Joe Gibbs era, the Washington Redskins chose to wear white at home in the 1980s and 1990s, including the 1982 NFC Championship Game against Dallas. Since 2001 the Redskins have chosen to wear white jerseys and burgundy jerseys equally in their home games, but they still wear white against the Cowboys; when Gibbs returned from 2004 to 2007, they wore white at home exclusively. In 2007, they wore a white throwback jersey; the Dallas Cowboys' blue jersey has been popularly viewed to be "jinxed" because of defeats at Super Bowl V in 1971, in the 1968 divisional playoffs at Cleveland, Don Meredith's final game as a Cowboys player.
Dallas's only victory in a conference championship or Super Bowl wearing the blue jerseys was in the 1978 NFC Championship game at the Los Angeles Rams. Super Bowl rules changed to allow the designated home team to pick their choice of jersey. White was chosen by the Cowboys, the Redskins, the Pittsburgh Steelers, the Denver Broncos, the New England Patriots; the latter three teams wear colours at home, but Pittsburgh had worn white in three road playoff wins, while Denver cited its previous Super Bowl success in white jerseys, while being 0–4 when wearing orange in Super Bowls. Teams playing against Dallas at home wear their white jerseys to try to invoke the "curse", as when the Philadelphia Eagles hosted the Cowboys in the 1980 NFC Championship Game. Teams including the St. Louis Cardinals and New York Giants followed suit in the 1980s, the Carolina Panthers did so from 1995 until 2006, including two playoff games; the Hous