Fermata Arts Foundation
The Fermata Arts Foundation is a New England Non-profit organization promoting a new spectrum of communication through philosophy and poetics of the arts and architecture, between the countries of the post-soviet space and the West, with the stated goal to "aid in the preservation of peace through mutual respect and cooperation". Fermata Arts Foundation programs involve the participation of grade schools, high schools and colleges and universities. For example, "Ideal House", a drawing exchange program, was joined by grade school students and their schools in eight Eastern European countries, the US and Italy; the Directors of the corporation come from a variety of backgrounds, echoing the interdisciplinary nature of the Foundation's activities. Dr. Pamela Gay, for instance, is an astronomer and academic. Board member James Woods, SJ, is Dean of the College of Advancing Studies at Boston College; the origin of Fermata Arts Foundation can be traced to 1994. From its offices in Avon, Fermata Arts Foundation operates programs in Ukraine, Latvia, Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan and the Russian Federation.
Fermata Arts Foundation was named a principal partner by UNESCO in the 2010 International Year for the Rapprochement of Cultures. Pamela L. Gay Mark Jarzombek Fermata Arts Foundation website Fermata Arts Foundation Ukraine website Fermata Arts Foundation Georgia website Fermata Arts Foundation Estonia website SCHWIPAR Centre for Innovational Development is an international business incubator organized by Fermata Arts Foundation
The Citroën FAF is a version of small utility vehicle produced by the French manufacturer Citroën from 1968 until 1987. It was built using a combination of imported and locally sourced components in various developing countries; the FAF and related vehicles are derived from the 2CV. The concept predates the FAF name, so it is erroneously reported that some of these vehicles were based on the FAF. FAF stood for Facile à Financer; the body was made of easy to produce, folded elements and the car looked like a metallic version of the Méhari. As the name suggests, the flat metal panels and simple components meant to allow "easy" production in developing countries; the origin of this idea was the built 1963 Baby-Brousse from Ivory Coast. By 1969, Citroën formalized this relationship, that same year the Vietnamese subsidiary began building La Dalat, the first automobile manufactured in Vietnam. Production ended. In total, 3880 Dalats were built. In 1972, the Greek firm Namco began production of the Pony.
This was the most successful version of these'simplified' 2CV utility vehicles, selling 30,000 units. The Pony was exported as well. Production of this "poor man’s jeep," that benefitted from special tax rules, ended in 1983, two years after Greece joined the European Union. 67% of the parts were of Greek origin. The idea followed the widespread production of similar 2CV-based vehicles in other countries, including Iran, Central African Republic, Spain and others; the primary target market for the FAF was Africa. However, the concept of a "second-class" car, connected with the FAF seems to have affected its manufacture and sales that remained low, in contrast to the success enjoyed by some of its predecessors. Various kit car style bodies were developed, inspired by the FAF and Méhari, such as Belgium's VanClee. FAF Facile à Fabriquer, Facile à Financer Vietnam's'Dalat' Mehari-based vehicles
Finnish Air Force
The Finnish Air Force is one of the branches of the Finnish Defence Forces. Its peacetime tasks are airspace surveillance, identification flights, production of readiness formations for wartime conditions; the Finnish Air Force was founded on 6 March 1918. The first steps in the history of Finnish aviation were taken with Russian aircraft; the Russian military had a number of early designs stationed in the country, which until the Russian Revolution of 1917 had been part of the Russian Empire. Soon after the declaration of independence the Finnish Civil War erupted, in which the Soviets sided with the Reds – the socialist rebels with ties to the Bolshevik Party. Finland's White Guard, the Whites, managed to seize a few aircraft from the Soviets, but were forced to rely on foreign pilots and aircraft. Sweden refused to send men and material, but individual Swedish citizens came to the aid of the Whites; the editor of the Swedish daily magazine Aftonbladet, Waldemar Langlet, bought a N. A. B. Albatros aircraft from the Nordiska Aviatik A.
B. factory with funds gathered by the Finlands vänner organization. This aircraft, the first to arrive from Sweden, was flown via Haparanda on 25 February 1918 by Swedish pilots John-Allan Hygerth and Per Svanbäck; the aircraft made a stop at Kokkola and had to make a forced landing in Jakobstad when its engine broke down. It was given the Finnish Air Force designation F.2. Swedish count Eric von Rosen gave the Finnish White government its second aircraft, a Thulin Typ D, its pilot, Lieutenant Nils Kindberg, flew the aircraft to Vaasa on 6 March 1918, carrying von Rosen as a passenger. As this gift ran counter to the will of the Swedish government, no flight permit had been given, it resulted in Kindberg receiving a fine of 100 Swedish crowns for leaving the country without permission; this aircraft is considered by some to be the first aircraft of the Finnish Air Force, since the Finnish Air Force did not exist during the Civil War, it was only the Red side who flew a few aircraft with the help of some Russian pilots.
The von Rosen aircraft was given the designation F.1. The Finnish Air Force is one of the oldest air forces of the world – the RAF was founded as the first independent branch on 1 April 1918 and the Swedish Flygvapnet in 1925. Von Rosen had painted his personal good luck charm on the Thulin Typ D aircraft; this charm – a blue swastika, the ancient symbol of the sun and good luck – was adopted as the insignia of the Finnish Air Force. The white circular background was created when the Finns tried to paint over the advertisement from the Thulin air academy; the swastika was taken into use after an order by Commander-in-Chief C. G. E. Mannerheim on 18 March 1918; the FAF changed its aircraft insignia after 1944, due to an Allied Control Commission decree prohibiting Fascist organizations and it resembling the Third Reich's swastika. The F.1 aircraft was destroyed in an accident, killing its crew, not long after it had been handed over to the Finns. On 7 September 1920, two newly purchased Savoia flying boats crashed in the Swiss Alps en route to Finland, killing all on-board.
This day has since been the memorial day for fallen pilots. The Finnish Air Force assigns the matriculation numbers to its aircraft by assigning each type a two-letter code following by dash and an individual aircraft number; the two-letter code refers to the aircraft manufacturer or model, such as HN for F/A-18 Hornet, DK for Saab 35 Draken, VN for Valmet Vinka etc. Most of the airbases that the Russians had left in Finland had been taken over by Whites after the Russian pilots had returned to Russia; the Reds were in possession of a few airbases and a few Russian aircraft amphibious aircraft. They had 12 aircraft in all; the Reds did not have any pilots themselves, so they hired some of the Russian pilots that had stayed behind. On 24 February 1918 five aircraft arrived to Viipuri, were transferred to Riihimäki; the Reds created air units in Helsinki, Tampere and Viipuri. There were no overall headquarters, but the individual units served under the commander of the individual front line. A flight school was created in Helsinki, but no students were trained there before the fall of Helsinki.
Two of the aircraft, one reconnaissance aircraft and one fighter aircraft that had arrived to Riihimäki were sent to Tampere, three to Kouvola. Four Russian pilots and six mechanics arrived to Tampere; the first war sortie was flown on March 1918 over Naistenlahti. It seems like the Reds operated two aircraft over the Eastern front; the Reds performed reconnaissance, bombing sorties, spreading of propaganda leaflets, artillery spotting. The Reds' air activity wasn’t successful, their air operations suffered from bad leadership, worn-out aircraft, the un-motivated Russian pilots. Some of the aircraft were captured by the Whites. In January 1918 the Whites did not have a single aircraft, let alone pilots, so they asked the Swedes for help. Sweden thus could not send any official help. Sweden forbade its pilots to aid Finland. Despite this official stance, one Morane-Saulnier Parasol, three N. A. B. Albatros arrived from Sweden by the end of February 1918. Two of the Albatross aircraft were gifts from private citizens supporting the White Finnish cause, while the third w
Faf de Klerk
François'Faf' de Klerk is a South African rugby union player. He plays as a scrum-half for Sale Sharks in the English Premiership and for the South Africa national team. De Klerk played rugby at school in Pretoria. De Klerk was included in the Lions squad for the 2014 Super Rugby season and made his debut in a 21–20 victory over the Cheetahs in Bloemfontein, he joined the Golden Lions Currie Cup team for the 2016 season. He joined English Premiership side Sale Sharks prior to the 2017–18 season on a three-year contract. In his first season with Sale Sharks, De Klerk was nominated for the Premiership player of the 2018 season. On 28 May 2016, De Klerk was included in a 31-man South Africa squad for their three-test match series against a touring Ireland team. "SA Rugby Player Profile – Faf de Klerk". South African Rugby Union. Retrieved 30 May 2016. Itsrugby.co.uk profile
First American Corporation
First American Financial Corporation is a United States financial services company and is a leading provider of title insurance and settlement services to the real estate and mortgage industries. The First American Family of Companies’ core business lines include title insurance and closing/settlement services. With total revenue of $5.8 billion in 2017, the company offers its products and services directly and through its agents throughout the United States and abroad. In 2016, 2017 and again in 2018, First American was named to the Fortune 100 Best Companies to Work For® list. First American offers its products and services directly and through its agents and partners throughout the United States and in more than 40 countries. In June 2010, First American Financial Corporation was established when The First American Corporation split its businesses to create two separate legal entities, First American Financial Corporation which provides title and financial services and CoreLogic Inc. which provides information solutions and analytics services to the real estate and mortgage industry.
First American traces its roots to 1889, when Orange County, California—a rural, undeveloped area at the time—split off from the county of Los Angeles. Two firms opened to handle title matters in the brand-new county. Five years Charles Edward Parker, a local businessman, succeeded in merging the two competitors into a single entity—Orange County Title Company. C. E. Parker became the president of Orange County Title, starting in 1909, would pay a cash dividend every year for the rest of the century and would become one of the first abstract companies in California to qualify to issue title insurance policies. Donald Parker Kennedy, grandson of C. E. Parker, joined Orange County Title in 1948. D. P. Kennedy developed a plan to expand the company beyond Orange County, approved by the board of directors in 1957. Orange County Title was renamed First American Title Insurance in 1960 to reflect operations beyond Orange County, D. P. Kennedy was named president of First American Title in 1963, replacing George Parker.
First American Title had its initial public offering on the over-the-counter market in 1964 and, four years was restructured with the formation of The First American Financial Corporation as a holding company. First American Title became a subsidiary company and a trust business was conducted through First American Trust Company. First American expanded its title operations across the nation by opening new offices and acquiring existing title and abstract companies; this growth lead to an expansion of the company's Santa Ana headquarters in 1976. By 1982, First American served all regions of the United States. First American began to operate internationally with the opening of title insurance offices in Canada in 1988. First American continued to develop international operations and was the first title insurance provider in Mexico and Hong Kong, had the leading market share in Australia and England; the First American Financial Corporation was renamed The First American Corporation in May 2000 to reflect the expansion of services beyond financial services and title insurance.
As First American grew to become one of the nation's largest title insurance, specialty insurance and trust services providers, its data storehouse, analytics capabilities and business services capacity grew in tandem. By 2008, First American had grown to become the nation's preeminent real estate information business; the First American Family of Companies grew to operate within five business segments, including: Title Insurance and Services, Specialty Insurance, Mortgage Information, Property Information, Risk Mitigation and Business Solutions. First American had 2,100 offices throughout the United States and abroad. In June 2010, The First American Corporation split to create two focused companies serving the distinct needs of customers across diverse industries; the title insurance and settlement services of The First American Corporation became First American Financial Corporation while the property information and analytics businesses became CoreLogic Inc. Today, the company continues to be referred to as First American and serves homebuyers and sellers, real estate professionals, loan originators and servicers, commercial property professionals and others involved in residential and commercial property transactions with products and services specific to their businesses.
Those services include title closing/settlement services. First American serves homebuyers and sellers, real estate professionals, loan originators and services, commercial property professionals and others involved in residential and commercial property transactions with products and services specific to their needs. First American provides title closing/settlement services. June 1, 2010 marked the separation of the First American Corporation's financial services operations and its information solutions businesses into two independent public companies; the spin-off was intended to allow First American to focus on its core businesses. As part of a spin-off transaction, First American Financi
Fire-and-forget is a type of missile guidance which does not require further guidance after launch such as illumination of the target or wire guidance, can hit its target without the launcher being in line-of-sight of the target. This is an important property for a guided weapon to have, since a person or vehicle that lingers near the target to guide the missile is vulnerable to attack and unable to carry out other tasks. Information about the target is programmed into the missile just prior to launch; this can include radar measurements, or an infrared image of the target. After it is fired, the missile guides itself by some combination of gyroscopes and accelerometers, GPS, organic active radar homing, infrared homing optics; some systems offer the option of either continued input from the launch fire-and-forget. Anti-tank guided missiles are guided to the target by multiple means, such as semi-automatic command to line of sight and manual command to line of sight. Laser designators/range finders are used to designate the target for the missile to hit.
But fire-and-forget missiles have the tendency to be deflected by soft-kill systems on modern main battle tanks as well as getting destroyed by hard-kill systems. As opposed to unguided RPGs which require a hard-kill system, fire-and-forget missiles can be jammed by means such as electro-optical dazzlers. Many of these are infrared homing missiles. Precision-guided munition Command guided
Final approach (aeronautics)
A final approach is the last leg in an aircraft's approach to landing, when the aircraft is lined up with the runway and descending for landing. In aviation radio terminology, it is shortened to "final". In a standard airport landing pattern, used under visual meteorological conditions, aircraft turn from base leg to final within one-half to two miles of the airport. For instrument approaches, as well as approaches into a controlled airfield under visual flight rules a "straight-in" final approach is used, where all the other legs are dispensed with. Straight-in approaches are discouraged at non-towered airports in the United States. An approach slope is the path, it takes its name from the fact. A used approach slope is 3° from the horizontal. However, certain airports have steeper approach paths based on topography, buildings, or other considerations. London City Airport, for example, has a 5.5° approach, only aircraft that can maintain such an approach are permitted to use the airport. The term glide slope is applied to mean approach slope although to be correct, glide slope applies to the vertical guidance element of the Instrument Landing System.
The final approach point on an instrument approach with vertical guidance is glide slope or glide path intercept at the lowest published altitude. In the US, it is called the final approach fix and marked on a NACO IAP by a lightning bolt symbol and on a Jeppesen terminal chart by the end of the glide slope path symbol, it is the point in space. In the US, where the approach navigation aid is on the field and there is no depicted, the final approach point is "where the aircraft is established inbound on the final approach course from the procedure turn and where the final approach descent may be commenced". Media related to Aircraft on final approach at Wikimedia Commons