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Hank Earl Carr

Hank Earl Carr was a convicted criminal who, on May 19, 1998, shot his girlfriend's four-year-old son with a rifle, was arrested, escaped from his handcuffs and killed two Tampa detectives and a Florida state trooper. Carr barricaded himself in a convenience store and held a clerk hostage before committing suicide with a self-inflicted gunshot wound to the head; the murders of the law-enforcement personnel prompted national controversy on the proper way to handcuff a suspected criminal, local media were criticized for inhibiting police work while Carr was trapped in the convenience store. On the morning of May 19, around 10:30, Carr carried the young son of his girlfriend Bernice Bowen into a fire station; the boy had a gunshot wound to the head, but the circumstances of the injury were unclear — first Carr claimed that the boy was dragging a rifle and walking around when it accidentally discharged, but he said that he himself had been holding it when it discharged. Carr, having told police he was Joseph Bennett, the father of the child, ran back to the site of the shooting while being pursued by police.

Threatening an officer with a rifle, he dropped it and again ran away, this time was caught and handcuffed. Tampa Police Department detectives Randy Bell and Ricky Childers took him back to the apartment where the boy had been shot to continue to interview him. On the trip back to the police department, with Bell and Childers in the front seats and Carr sitting behind them, handcuffed in front, Carr unlocked his handcuffs with a key he carried on his person, he disarmed Childers by snatching his Glock handgun from his shoulder holster. In the struggle that ensued, Carr shot both officers in the face. Exiting the car, he fled. After visiting his mother and refueling at a local service station, he got on Interstate 75 heading north; the first police officer in pursuit was Florida State Trooper James Crooks, as he approached, Carr veered onto an exit ramp located in Pasco County, Florida and exited the truck. As Crooks braked to a stop, Carr approached and shot him twice in the head, killing him instantly.

Getting back in the pickup truck, Carr fled as multiple police cars and a police helicopter pursued him in a high-speed chase and gunfight. With his tires blown out and running low on ammunition, Carr exited the interstate and entered a convenience store, where he took as a hostage Stephanie Kramer, a pregnant clerk. For the rest of the afternoon, he remained as nearly 200 officers surrounded him. Local radio station WFLA conducted phone interviews in the midst of the crisis drawing criticism from both journalism experts and police. At 7:20pm, Carr released Kramer and shot and killed himself as the SWAT team forcibly entered the building. Bowen's son died, raising the number killed by Carr to four. In testimony it was revealed that he abused Bowen and her children, he was found to be a convicted felon with a history of violent crime, including assault of police officers, he was wanted in several states. In 1999, Bowen was convicted of child neglect for allowing Carr around her children. Prosecutors contended that since Bowen knew of Carr's violent history, she should have never allowed him to be around children.

She was sentenced to 15 years in prison. In 1999, she was charged with aiding and abetting Carr's escape, as well as for being an accessory to the murders of her son and the three police officers. After one officer broke down and begged her to tell them Carr's real name, Bowen didn't do so. Prosecutors claimed that if she had, police would have known he was a convicted felon and used tougher measures in handling him, she was sentenced to 21.5 years in prison. However, those convictions were thrown out on appeal in 2001. A state appeals court found that prosecutors focused too much on what Bowen should have done to prevent Carr's rampage, rather than what she did after the crimes were committed; the court acquitted her of aiding and abetting the deaths of her son and Trooper Crooks. She was convicted of the remaining charges in 2002, sentenced to 20 years in prison. Sentencing guidelines called for only 6–11 years, but in sentencing her, the judge said that Bowen's lies to police were so egregious that they endangered the public.

This sentence runs concurrently with her child abuse sentence, she was released in October 2016. Experts expressed shock that the detectives had not handcuffed Carr's hands behind his back, but others defended the action, arguing that at the time the detectives thought they were dealing with a bereaved father, not a violent criminal; the media's handling of the situation received sharp criticism, as in addition to the radio station's live interview, camera crews for local television stations were broadcasting live shots of the area surrounding the convenience store. 10 years of reckoning | Tampabay.com - Video interviews and compilation of news Associated Press. "Man in Custody Who Killed Officers Freed Himself With Key". New York Times. P. A23. Retrieved 2007-02-25. Ayoob, Masaad. "Day of the cop killer". American Handgunner. Retrieved 2007-02-25. Jeffrey Gettleman, Jo Becker, Geoff Dougherty. "Carr lived as he died: in violence". St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved 2007-02-25. CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list One Dead Baby, Three Dead Police Officers, One Killer Boyfriend and The Girlfriend Who Could've Prevented It, True Murders Tragic, violent day from Tampa Tribune

Jeff MacSwan

Jeff MacSwan is an American linguist and educational researcher, working in the United States. He is Professor of Applied Linguistics and Language Education in the Division of Language and Social Inquiry in the Department of Teaching and Learning and Leadership at the University of Maryland, he is Professor in the Neuroscience and Cognitive Science Program there, Affiliate Professor in the University of Maryland Linguistics Department and Center for the Advanced Study of Language. He is a Fellow of the American Educational Research Association and of the National Education Policy Center. MacSwan's applied research program is focused on the role of language in learning and on education policy related to bilingual learners in US schools. MacSwan conducts basic scientific research in bilingualism, with a focus on the study of bilingual codeswitching, he has achieved international notoriety for his contributions in both areas. He is the author of numerous publications, the editor of the International Multilingual Research Journal.

MacSwan, J.. A multilingual perspective on translanguaging. American Educational Research Journal, 54, 167–201. DOI: 10.3102/0002831216683935. MacSwan, J.. Grammatical Theory and Bilingual Codeswitching. Linguistics series. Cambridge: MIT Press. ISBN 978-0-262-02789-2. Krashen, S. Rolstad, K. & MacSwan, J.. Review of “Research summary and bibliography for Structured English Immersion programs” of the Arizona English Language Learners Task Force, pp. 107–119. In C. Faltis & B. Arias English Learners in Arizona. Bristol, UK: Multilingual Matters. Van Gelderen, E. & MacSwan, J.. Interface conditions and code-switching: Pronouns, lexical DPs, checking theory. Lingua, 118, 765-776. MacSwan, J. & Rolstad, K.. How language tests mislead us about children's abilities: Implications for special education placements. Teachers College Record, 108, 2304–2328. MacSwan, J. & Pray, L.. Learning English bilingually: Age of onset of exposure and rate of acquisition of English among children in a bilingual education program.

Bilingual Research Journal, 29, 687-712. Thompson, M. S. DiCerbo, K. Mahoney, K. S. & MacSwan, J.. ¿Éxito en California? A validity critique of language program evaluations and analysis of English learner test scores. Education Policy Analysis Archives, 10, entire issue. MacSwan, J.. The architecture of the bilingual language faculty: Evidence from codeswitching. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 3, 37-54. MacSwan, J.. A Minimalist Approach to Intrasentential Code Switching. New York: Garland. ISBN 978-0815332749

David Hunter (English cricketer)

David Hunter was part of a lineage of Yorkshire County Cricket Club wicket-keepers, stretching on through Arthur Dolphin to Arthur Wood, Jimmy Binks and David Bairstow. Hunter played 517 first-class games for Yorkshire between 1888 and 1909. Born in Scarborough, England, Hunter appeared in first-class cricket for Lord Hawke's XI, North of England, L Hall's XI, Hurst Park Club, L Hall's Yorkshire XI, XI of Yorkshire, Over 30, CI Thornton's XI, Lancashire and Yorkshire, Rest of England and Lord Londesborough's XI. In 552 matches in total, he completed 350 stumpings. A modest right-handed tailend batsman, he compiled 4,538 runs at an average of 12.03, with a best of 58 not out against Worcestershire. Over the years, he held up his end in stands of 53, 121, 118 and 102 for the tenth wicket, he did. He succeeded his brother Joe Hunter as the Yorkshire wicket-keeper at the late age of 28, but was an ever present player for the following two decades, it is a testament to his'good hands' that he never suffered a serious finger injury, nor were his hands damaged at the end of his career, despite the comparatively crude equipment and heavy workload of the time.

In Louis Hall's benefit match against Surrey at Sheffield in 1891, he caught five men and stumped one in an innings, against the same county seven years claimed eight of the twenty wickets, catching two and stumping six at Bradford. He was a doughty performer right up to the end of his career, making six catches in an innings, again against Surrey, at Headingley in his last year, he helped Yorkshire win the County Championship eight times, received £1,975 from his benefit in the Roses match against Lancashire at Bradford in 1897. Hunter died in January 1927 in Northstead, Scarborough, at the age of 66. Media related to David Hunter at Wikimedia Commons Cricinfo Profile

Joseph Babinski

Joseph Jules François Félix Babinski was a French-Polish professor of neurology. He is best known for his 1896 description of the Babinski sign, a pathological plantar reflex indicative of corticospinal tract damage. Born in Paris, Babinski was the son of a Polish military officer, Aleksander Babiński, his wife Henryeta Weren Babińska, who in 1848 fled Warsaw for Paris because of a Tsarist reign of terror instigated to stall Polish attempts at achieving independence and breaking the union between Congress Poland and the Russian Empire. Babinski received his medical degree from the University of Paris in 1884, he became his favorite student. Charcot's 1893 death left Babinski without support, he subsequently never participated in qualifying academic competitions. Free of teaching duties, while working at the Hôpital de la Pitié he was left with ample time to devote himself to clinical neurology, he was a masterful clinician, minimally dependent on neuropathological examinations and laboratory tests.

Babinski took an interest in the pathogenesis of hysteria and was the first to present acceptable differential-diagnostic criteria for separating hysteria from organic diseases, coined the concept of pithiatism. In 1896, at a meeting of the Société de Biologie, Babiński, in a 26-line presentation, delivered the first report on the "phenomène des orteils", i.e. that while the normal reflex of the sole of the foot is a plantar reflex of the toes, an injury to the pyramidal tract will show an isolated dorsal flexion of the great toe—"Babinski's sign." During World War I, Babinski had charge of many traumatic neurology cases at the Pitié Hospitals. He was professor of neurology at the University of Paris. Babinski wrote over 200 papers on nervous disorders. With Jules Froment he published Hysteropithiatisme en Neurologie de Guerre, translated into English in 1918 by Sir H. Rolleston. Babiński published some of his works in Polish. Babinski lived with his younger brother, Henri Babinski, a distinguished engineer and famous cook who, as "Ali Baba," published a classic cookbook.

With Pierre Palau, under the pseudonym "Olaf," wrote a disturbing play, Les détraquées, which premiered at the Deux-Masques theater in 1921. The play involves the murder of a young pupil at a girls' school by the school's principal and her accomplice, a dance teacher. André Breton discusses the work in Nadja. Babinski died in the same year as Edward Flatau and Samuel Goldflam. In his last years he had suffered from Parkinson's disease. Babinski lived to see his achievements in French neurology internationally acclaimed, he was honored by Lithuania's Vilnius University, by the American Neurological Society, by other foreign societies. A Clinical Lesson at the Salpêtrière Biography of Joseph Babinski, from whonamedit.com Joseph Jules François Félix Babinski – short biography by Janusz H. Skalski published in the Journal of Neurology

One Fifty One at Biscayne

One Fifty One at Biscayne is a residential property in North Miami, FL, that consists of 373 condominiums in two 25-story towers. The residential development was named The Oaks at Biscayne Landing; the property is bordered to the east by the Biscayne Bay campus of Florida International University and David Lawrence Jr. K-8 Center, to the west by commercial developments along Biscayne Boulevard; the property is named for its location at the intersection of that roadway and Northeast 151st Street. In 2007, Boca Developers constructed the towers in the first phase of what was planned to be a larger mixed-use development, Biscayne Landing; the company’s lender filed foreclosure action in 2009 and no other buildings were constructed. The project went into bankruptcy; that same year, iStar Residential, a division of iStar Financial, purchased 160 of the unsold residences and leased a majority of them while the South Florida real estate market was in recovery. In late 2013, the homeowners association renamed the towers as One Fifty One at Biscayne.

In late 2013, iStar Residential hired DevStar Realty, a wholly owned subsidiary of The DevStar Group, to manage repositioning and sales. Dev Star Group principals had turned around two other local condominium projects — Paramount Bay in Miami and Ocean House on South Beach; the units at One Fifty One at Biscayne consist of two-bedroom residences of 1,600 to 1,800 square feet and three-bedroom residences of 2,000 to 2,400 square feet. During the periods of foreclosure and bankruptcy, the residential property stayed open with minimal maintenance. Under new ownership, iStar Residential is adding several million dollars worth of amenities and improvements, they include a 24-hour attended guardhouse with an advanced security system and the addition of a brand new pool, tennis court and fitness center with locker rooms. One Fifty One at Biscayne iStar Financial