Shell Mex House
Shell Mex House is a grade II listed building situated at number 80 Strand, England. The current building was built in 1930–31 on the site of the Hotel Cecil and stands behind the original facade of the Hotel and between the Adelphi and the Savoy Hotel. Broadly Art Deco in style, it was designed by Frances Milton Cashmore of the architectural firm of Messrs Joseph. Standing 58 m tall, with 537,000 sq ft of floor space, Shell Mex House has 12 floors and is recognizable from the River Thames and the South Bank by the clock tower positioned on the south side of the building; the clock, known for a time as "Big Benzene", is the biggest clock face in London and second largest in the UK after the clock on the Liver Building in Liverpool, it was supplied by Gillett & Johnston of Croydon. It has faces looking towards the Strand, it was described by architectural historian Nikolaus Pevsner as "thoroughly unsubtle, but...hold its own in London's river front." The building was for many years the London headquarters of Shell-Mex and BP for which it was built.
Shell-Mex and BP was a joint venture company created by Shell and British Petroleum in 1932 when they decided to merge their United Kingdom marketing operations. Upon the brand separation of Shell-Mex and BP in 1975, Shell Mex House became the head office of Shell UK, Shell's UK operating company. Changes in the way that Shell was run in the 1990s led to the disposal of the property by Shell. Today known as 80 Strand, most of its floors are occupied by companies belonging to Pearson plc; the entrance of the building, set back from the Strand, is through a large gated archway. A green plaque was affixed to the wall just inside the gate in March 2008, proclaiming: The Royal Air Force was formed and had its first headquarters here in the former Hotel Cecil 1 April 1918. Below it is a brass plate stating: "This plaque was unveiled by the Chief of the Air Staff Air Chief Marshal Sir Glenn Torpy KCB CBE DSO ADC to mark the 90th anniversary of the formation of the Royal Air Force". During World War II, the building became home to the Ministry of Supply which co-ordinated supply of equipment to the national armed forces.
It was the home of the "Petroleum Board" which handled the distribution and rationing of petroleum products during the war. It was badly damaged by a bomb in 1940; the building reverted to Shell-Mex and BP on 1 July 1948 with a number of floors remaining occupied by the Ministry of Aviation until the mid-1970s. During this time, until the department's move to the present location in Farnborough, the building was the headquarters for the Air Accidents Investigation Branch. On 17 May 2006, The Times reported that the building was for sale and that the Indian-Kenyan Kandhari family were the front-runners in the battle to buy it from the present owners and Robert Tchenguiz, they were said to have offered £530 million for the building, but were competing with other interested groups, including Menorah, the Israeli insurer, an Irish company, several British companies. An offer believed to be £520 million was made in December 2006 by Istithmar, the investment agency of the Dubai government, which withdrew their offer before completion.
The property was subsequently sold in July 2007 to a fund managed by Westbrook Partners. In the final scene of the 2016 feature film Assassin's Creed, directed by Justin Kurzel, the hero Callum Lynch and two other surviving assassins stand astride Shell Mex House and survey London. Shell Centre
Glen Richard Moreno is an American businessman. Moreno has worked for several large companies in the United States and the United Kingdom, worked as acting-chairman of UK Financial Investments Limited which manages the British government's bank shareholdings, he has been Chairman of Virgin Money UK since May 2015. Glen Moreno was born in California in 1943, he graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree from Stanford University in 1965 and was a Rotary Foundation Fellow at the University of Delhi in 1966. He achieved a Juris Doctorate from Harvard Law School in 1969. Moreno worked for 18 years at Citigroup in Europe and Asia, running the investment banking and trading divisions and becoming a group executive. Moreno is a director of Fidelity International, chairing its audit committee, was their chief executive from 1987 to 1991, he is said to be responsible for the rapid growth of Fidelity during that period. In October 2005 Moreno was appointed as Lord Stevenson's replacement as chairman of Pearson PLC, after a 5-month search.
The shortlist included the chairman of the London Stock Exchange. Moreno's appointment came as something of a surprise to the business world as he was not known in the United Kingdom and he was described by The Guardian as an "unknown quantity", his salary at Pearson was £425,000 per year. Moreno is a senior independent director of Man Group plc, having been a non-executive director there since 1994, persuaded the group to co-sponsor the Man Booker Prize for literature, he is a governor of the Ditchley Foundation and a director of the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art. Moreno was appointed a non-executive director of UK Financial Investments Limited, a company established by the British government to manage its shareholding in nationalised banks, he became the acting chairman of the company when Sir Philip Hampton became chairman of the Royal Bank of Scotland. During this time Moreno stated that "at no point have I sought the role on a permanent basis", he quit as acting chairman on 11 February 2009 after HM Treasury said that it would appoint a new permanent chairman.
Moreno's period as chairman of UKFI was controversial because until April 2008 he had been a trustee of the Liechtenstein Global Trust, a private banking and investment group, at the centre of an international investigation into alleged tax evasion. Moreno had been appointed as a trustee of LGT in 1999, at the same time joining the parent body Prince of Liechtenstein Foundation. Moreno sat on the LGT's development and compensation committee, which determined executive pay, advised on investment strategy and policy. Moreno was renumerated with a salary of Swiss Fr130,000 per year, he has stated. Moreno's continued employment at the head of UKFI was criticised by the Conservative Party due to his links with LGT. Further controversy erupted over Fidelity International's donations to the Conservative Party which have amounted to £495,000 since 1994, he was appointed as senior independent director of Lloyds Banking Group in February 2010, Deputy Chairman of the Financial Reporting Council in November 2010.
Moreno's wife, sister and niece are all teachers and he splits his time between his London home and a cattle farm in Virginia, United States
Marjorie Morris Scardino, FRSA is an American-born British business executive. She is the former CEO of Pearson PLC. Scardino became a trustee of Oxfam during her tenure at Pearson, she has been criticized by Private Eye magazine because, while Oxfam campaigns against corporate tax avoidance as part of the IF Coalition, Pearson was "a prolific tax haven user...routing hundreds of millions of pounds through an elaborate series of Luxembourg companies to avoid tax". She became the first female Chief Executive of a FTSE 100 company when she was appointed CEO of Pearson in 1997, she is a non-executive director of Nokia and former CEO of the Economist Group. During her time at Pearson, Pearson's profits tripled, to a record £942m. In December 2013, she joined the board of Twitter as its first female director, after a controversy involving a lack of diversity on the Twitter board. Scardino was born in Flagstaff, Arizona in 1947, grew up in Texarkana, Texas. While living in Texas she participated in rodeo riding as a teenager.
Scardino is a graduate of Baylor University with a BA in French and psychology in 1969. She began law school at George Washington University but dropped out to become a journalist at Associated Press in Charleston, West Virginia, obtained her law degree from the University of San Francisco School of Law. Before 1985, Scardino was the editor of The Georgia Gazette, she is a board member of the Carter Center. She is an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts, she won the 2002 Benjamin Franklin Medal. In 2007, she was listed 17th on the Forbes list of the 100 most powerful women in the World. On October 3, 2012, it was announced that she will step down as CEO of Pearson to be replaced by John Fallon. In December 2013, she joined the board of Twitter as its first female director, after a controversy involving a lack of diversity on the Twitter board. Scardino is married to Albert Scardino, whom she worked with during her time at The Georgia Gazette and a media reporter for The New York Times, her son is actor Hal Scardino.
Although she was born in the United States, she has taken British citizenship. Scardino received an Honorary Doctorate from Heriot-Watt University in 2001 In 2014, Scardino received an honorary doctorate of laws from the University of Roehampton. Works by or about Marjorie Scardino in libraries
Penguin Random House
Penguin Random House is an American multinational conglomerate publishing company formed in 2013 from the merger of Random House and Penguin Group. As of 2013, Penguin Random House employed about 10,000 people globally and published 15,000 titles annually under its 250 divisions and imprints; these titles include nonfiction for adults and children in both print and digital. Penguin Random House comprises Penguin and Random House in the U. S. U. K. Canada, New Zealand and India. Penguin Random House was formed on July 1, 2013, upon the completion of a £2.4 billion merger between Bertelsmann and Pearson to merge their respective trade publishing companies, Random House and Penguin Group. Bertelsmann and Pearson, the parent companies, owning 53% and 47%, respectively; the creation of the company has been referred to as the publishing industry's response to the increasing dominance of Amazon.com in the book market. Markus Dohle was named CEO of the new company which had more than 10,000 employees around the world with 250 imprints and publishing houses and a publishing list of over 15,000 new titles a year.
PRH relaunched Book Country, Penguin's online unit, in July 2013. In September 2014, Random House Studio signed a first look production deal with Universal Pictures, under which Random House would be the producer of films based on Penguin Random House books; the Universal subsidiary Focus Features will collaborate with Random House Films. Having spearheaded the creation process of Puffin Rock animation, Richard Haines is heading PRH Children's TV development strategy with the assistance of licensing, TV development executive Emily Campan. Haines would report to Francesca Dow. In November 2015, Pearson announced that it will be rebranding and focusing on its education division, it was predicted. Pearson CEO John Fallon estimated that the company would wait until at least 2017. In July 2017, Pearson agreed to sell a 22% stake in the business to Bertelsmann, thereby retaining a 25% holding. In June 2014 Penguin Random House unveiled a new logo designed by Michael Beirut of Pentagram; the logo is a simple serif font with the words Penguin Random House bookended by orange.
For the 250 or so imprints this design would display their traditional logo image to the left of the Penguin Random House words. The logo was introduced in an animated video showcasing various imprints. DK was founded in London in 1974 and is a reference publisher focusing on non-fiction for adults and children. Alpha, publishes Complete Idiot's Guides Prima Games, publishes video game strategy guides Rough Guides, publishes travel guidesAs of 2015 DK has official publishing relationships with Angry Birds, Lego and Star Wars. Crown Publishing was founded in 1933 as the Outlet Book Company, a remainder house, is now a publisher of fiction and narrative non-fiction. Amphoto Books, publishes photography books Broadway Books, founded in 1996 as part of Bantam Doubleday Dell and is now the paperback imprint of Crown Clarkson Potter, produces cookbooks, illustrated gift books, journals Crown Archetype, hardcover publisher of pop-culture titles Crown Business, publishes business-related content Crown Forum, publishes political discourse Harmony Books, publishes self-help titles Hogarth Press, partnership between Crown in the U.
S. and Windus in the U. K. Convergent, Image Catholic Books, Waterbrook & Multnomah publish Christian non-fiction and fiction titles Pam Krauss Books, founded in 1915 and publishes culinary and lifestyle related titles Rodale Books Ten Speed Press, joined Crown in 2009 as a West Coast publisher of nonfiction and gift titles Tim Duggan Books, founded in 2014 Watson-Guptill, publishes illustrated art books as part of Ten Speed Press Alfred A. Knopf, publisher of hardcover fiction and nonfiction, founded in 1915 by Alfred A. Knopf, Blanche KnopfTitles under Alfred A. Knopf have won 58 Pulitzers as well as Nobel and National Book Awards. Doubleday, publisher of commercial and serious nonfiction founded in 1897 Pantheon, founded in 1942 by Kurt Wolff Schocken, publisher of Judaica, became a part of Random House in 1945 Vintage Books, trade paperback publisher founded by Alfred A. Knopf in 1954 Anchor Books, publisher of history, women's studies and fiction Vintage Español, Spanish-language publisher in the United States, founded in 1994 by Alfred A. Knopf Black Lizard known as Vintage Crime, publisher of crime fiction, acquired by Random House in 1990 Nan A. Talese, literary imprint formed in 1990 to house authors published by editor Nan A. Talese Everyman's Library, a series of reprinted classic literature published in hardback Avery, publisher of nonfiction and lifestyle books founded in 1974 Berkley Publishing Group/New American Library, contain several imprints including Jove, Ace, Roc and Caliber DAW, publisher of science fiction and fantasy Dutton, small boutique fiction and non-fiction publisher of about 40 books per year Putnam, publisher founded in 1838 Pamela Dorman Books/Viking, established in 2010 as a boutique publisher of VP Pamela Dorman Penguin, established in the 1930s as a publisher of mass market paperbacks.
P. Putnam's Sons.
IBM Press is IBM's official retail book publisher for professionals and academia. A collaboration between IBM and Pearson Education, books are distributed in print and on Safari Books Online. Published topics range from general information technology to IBM products. Topics include social business and internet marketing, information management, information technology, Lotus collaboration tools and business strategy and software development and editing, service management, SOA and IBM WebSphere
Pearson College London
Pearson College London is a British private academic degree provider based in London owned by Pearson plc. It was founded in 2012, is the only FTSE 100 company in the UK to design and deliver degrees; the institution is separated into two subdivisions - Pearson Business School, which offers business-related degrees and degree apprenticeships, Escape Studios, a visual effects academy Pearson plc acquired in 2013 which offers degrees and short courses in the creative arts ranging from Game Art to Animation. The creation of Pearson College London was announced in July 2011. Pearson College London launched its first degree programme in September 2012. In August 2013 it was announced that Pearson College London would begin offering business degrees validated by Ashridge Business School, whilst continuing with its partnership with Royal Holloway. In October 2013 Pearson College London acquired Europe's leading VFX academy. Escape Studios now offers courses in VFX, Games and Animation at undergraduate and short course levels.
Students of Pearson College London study at Pearson's offices in London at 190 High Holborn. Residential courses within the Business School have previously been delivered at Royal Holloway, University of London's campus in Egham, Surrey. Entry requirements vary depending upon the chosen level of study. Applicants are required to attend a workshop day including an interview and an aptitude test. Pearson College London offers a range of short courses; the courses cover Accounting, Enterprise, Computer Animation, Video Games and Visual Effects. Courses can be studied part-time or online, depending on which course is chosen; the degree programmes are validated by the University of Kent. All of the degrees are designed and delivered with industry partners including Unilever, Direct Line Group, Sony Pictures Entertainment, WPP plc, Lotus F1, BT Group, Lloyd's of London, Savills and L'Oreal. Industry partners within VFX, Games and Animation include Framestore, The Mill, Moving Picture Company, BlueBolt, Electric Theatre and Jellyfish Pictures.
Official Pearson College website
In economics, BRIC is a grouping acronym that refers to the countries of Brazil, Russia and China, which are all deemed to be at a similar stage of newly advanced economic development. It is rendered as "the BRICs" or "the BRIC countries" or "the BRIC economies" or alternatively as the "Big Four". A related acronym, BRICS, adds South Africa. There are arguments that Indonesia should be included into grouping turning it into BRIIC or BRIICS. BRIC was coined by Jim O'Neill in 2001 as an acronym of four countries that were all deemed to be at a similar stage of newly advanced economic development, but in 2009 the leaders of BRIC countries made the first summit and in 2010 BRIC became a formal institution. South Africa began efforts to join the BRIC grouping and on December 24, 2010, was invited to join BRICS; the original aim of BRIC was the establishment of an equitable and multi-polar world order, but BRIC became a political organization after South Africa joined. Jim O'Neill, told the summit that South Africa, at a population of under 50 million people, was just too small as an economy to join the BRIC ranks.
But the future of BRIC as an economy group is questionable. In 2012, a book with the title Breakout Nations mentioned that it is hard to sustain rapid growth for more than a decade; the economic potential of Brazil, Russia and China is such that they could become among the four most dominant economies by the year 2050. The thesis was proposed by global economist at Goldman Sachs; these countries encompass over 25% of the world's land coverage and 40% of the world's population and hold a combined GDP of $20 trillion. On every scale, they would be the largest entity on the global stage; these four countries are among fastest-growing emerging markets. They have taken steps to increase their political cooperation as a way of influencing the United States position on major trade accords, or, through the implicit threat of political cooperation, as a way of extracting political concessions from the United States, such as the proposed nuclear cooperation with India; the BRIC thesis recognizes that Brazil, Russia and China have changed their political systems to embrace global capitalism.
Goldman Sachs predicts that China and India will become the dominant global suppliers of manufactured goods and services, while Brazil and Russia will become dominant as suppliers of raw materials. Of the four countries, Brazil remains the only polity that has the capacity to continue all elements, meaning manufacturing and resource supplying simultaneously. Cooperation is thus hypothesized to be a logical next step among the BRICs because Brazil and Russia together form the logical commodity suppliers. In 2016, an economist from Australia predicted that in 2050, based on Gross Domestic Product per capita spending, China will be the first and followed by India and the United States. Indonesia which nowadays does not belong to BRIC countries will jump from 9th position to 4th position, and Brazil will be in fifth position. It is due to the global economic center; the Goldman Sachs global economics team released a follow-up report to its initial BRIC study in 2004. The report states that in BRIC nations, the number of people with an annual income over a threshold of $3,000 will double in number within three years and reach 800 million people within a decade.
This predicts a massive rise in the size of the middle class in these nations. In 2025, it is calculated that the number of people in BRIC nations earning over $15,000 may reach over 200 million people; this indicates that a huge pickup in demand will not be restricted to basic goods but impact higher-priced goods as well. According to the report, first China and a decade India will begin to dominate the world economy, yet despite the balance of growth swinging so decisively towards the BRIC economies, the average level of individuals in the more advanced economies will continue to far outstrip the BRIC economic average. The report highlights India's inefficient energy consumption and mentions the dramatic under-representation of these economies in the global capital markets; the report emphasizes the enormous populations that exist within the BRIC nations, which makes it easy for their aggregate wealth to eclipse the G6, while per-capita income levels remain far below the norm of today's industrialized countries.
This phenomenon, will affect world markets as multinational corporations will attempt to take advantage of the enormous potential markets in the BRICs by producing, for example, far cheaper automobiles and other manufactured goods affordable to the consumers within the BRICs in lieu of the luxury models that bring the most income to automobile manufacturers. India and China have started making their presence felt in the service and manufacturing sector in the global arena. Developed economies of the world have taken serious note of this fact; this report compiled by lead authors Tushar Poddar and Eva Yi gives insight into "India's Rising Growth Potential". It reveals updated projection figures attributed to the rising growth trends in India over the last four years. Goldman Sachs assert that "India's influence on the world economy will be bigger and quicker than implied in our published BRICs research", they noted significant areas of research and development, expansion, happening in the country, which will lead to the prosperity of the growing middle-class.
India has 10 of the 30 fastest-growing urban areas in the world and, based on current trends, we estimate a massive 700 million people will move to cities by 205