FESPIC Games

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
FESPIC Games
Motto Overcoming Challenges, Inspiring Others
First event 1975
Occur every Four years
Last event 2006 FESPIC Games in Kuala Lumpur
Purpose Multi-sport event, Far East and South Pacific Games for persons with disability
Headquarters Malaysia
APC President Dato’ Zainal Abu Zarin
Website FESPIC Federation

The FESPIC Games[1] or the Far East and South Pacific Games for the Disabled, was a multi-sports games in Asia and the South Pacific region.

The FESPIC Games, which started in 1975, was held nine times,[2] the games were last contested in December 2006, in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.[3]

For Asian countries, the FESPIC Games was replaced by the Asian Para Games starting with the inaugural 1st Asian Para Games in 2010 in Guangzhou, China after the 16th Asian Games. The Asian Para Games, the parallel event for athletes with physical disabilities, is a multi-sport event held every four years after every Asian Games, the FESPIC and Asian Games had adopted the strategy used by the Olympic and Paralympic Games of having both games in the same city.

Objectives[edit]

  • To promote general interest and welfare for the disabled in the region through participation in sports events and other activities
  • To deepen mutual understanding and friendship of the disabled
  • To promote rehabilitation for the disabled in the region through sports activities

History[edit]

The first FESPIC Games was held in Oita, Japan in 1975. There were limited opportunities for persons with disabilities in Asia and the Pacific to participate in sports at the time, the FESPIC Games was launched to address this issue and promote understanding toward disabled persons in each country, as well as improve their social welfare.

The number of participant countries increased during FESPIC history. Central Asian countries Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan and Tajikistan, as well as Armenia and Azerbaijan, first participated in the 7th FESPIC Games in 1999. The Middle Eastern countries were allowed to compete in the 9th FESPIC Games in 2006, along with Timor-Leste. Middle East countries were previously not allowed to compete in FESPIC Games from 1975 to 2002 because these countries were Africa/Middle Eastern members.

List of FESPIC Games[edit]

Host cities of the FESPIC Games
Edition Year Host City Host Nation Start Date End Date Nations Competitors
I 1975 Oita  Japan 1 June 3 June 18 973
II 1977 Parramatta  Australia 20 November 26 November 16 430
III 1982 Sha Tin  Hong Kong 31 October 7 November 23 744
IV 1986 Surakarta  Indonesia 31 August 7 September 19 834
V 1989 Kobe  Japan 15 September 20 September 41 1,646
VI 1994 Beijing  China 4 September 10 September 42 2,081
VII 1999 Bangkok  Thailand 10 January 16 January 34 2,258
VIII 2002 Busan  South Korea 26 October 1 November 40 2,199
IX 2006 Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia 25 November 1 December 46 3,641

And one edition from Youth Games:

Edition Year Host City Host Nation Start Date End Date Nations Competitors
I 2003 Kowloon-Sha Tin  Hong Kong 24 December 27 December 15 584
Wheelchair tennis, a Paralympic sport

The FESPIC Games later on became the springboard for athletes from Asia and the Pacific to dream big and to reach the Paralympic Games. Disabled sailing in Asia is one such sport. Teams from Australia,[4] China, Malaysia, the Philippines and Singapore started in the 2006 FESPIC Games and consistently performed to sail in the 2008 Beijing Paralympics, with Australian Rachel Cox and her helmsman winning the Silver[5] in the 2-person Keelboat event.

"As participation in disabled sailing grows in that area of the world, the event is being considered as a developmental competition and will be sailed in the Access Liberty, of which 18 will be supplied at the event for competitors entering. ... As a development sport at the event, and as disabled sailing is still in a developing form in FESPIC countries, the competition will be open to any sailor who is able to be classified under the IFDS Functional Classification System.[6]

The 9th FESPIC Games was the last and final edition of the series which took place in 2006, for Asian countries, the FESPIC Games was replaced by the Asian Para Games, starting with the inaugural 2010 Asian Para Games which was held in 2010 Guangzhou, China after the 16th Asian Games.

Sports[edit]

1999 FESPIC Games[edit]

Medal Table
Key

  *   Host nation (Thailand)

1999 FESPIC Games medal table
 Rank  NPC Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  China (CHN) 205 90 45 340
2  Thailand (THA)* 65 73 82 220
3  Australia (AUS) 34 37 23 94
4  South Korea (KOR) 31 26 24 81
5  Hong Kong (HKG) 29 18 18 65
6  Japan (JPN) 27 30 26 83
7  Chinese Taipei (TPE) 16 17 19 52
8  New Caledonia (NCL) 14 8 2 24
9  Macau (MAC) 8 7 4 19
10  Myanmar (MYA) 6 14 18 38
11  India (IND) 6 7 7 20
12  Sri Lanka (SRI) 3 3 4 10
13  Tonga (TGA) 3 1 1 5
14  Vietnam (VIE) 2 2 5 9
15  Fiji (FIJ) 2 1 7 10
16  Wallis and Futuna (WLF) 2 1 5 8
17  Indonesia (INA) 2 0 1 3
18  Malaysia (MAS) 1 10 9 20
19  Singapore (SIN) 1 4 1 6
20  New Zealand (NZL) 1 2 3 6
21  Philippines (PHI) 1 2 1 4
22  Vanuatu (VAN) 1 1 2 4
 Bhutan (BHU) 1 1 2 4
24  Mongolia (MGL) 1 1 0 2
25  Kazakhstan (KAZ) 1 0 3 4
26  Nauru (NRU) 1 0 1 2
27  Cambodia (CAM) 0 3 1 4
28  Pakistan (PAK) 0 2 0 2
29  Papua New Guinea (PNG) 0 1 0 1
Total (29 NPCs) 464 362 314 1140

2002 FESPIC Games[edit]

Medal Table
Key

  *   Host nation (South Korea)

2002 FESPIC Games medal table
 Rank  NPC Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  China (CHN) 191 90 50 331
2  South Korea (KOR)* 62 68 60 190
3  Thailand (THA) 43 48 37 128
4  Japan (JPN) 33 25 25 83
5  Hong Kong (HKG) 41 25 26 92
6  Chinese Taipei (TPE) 17 25 21 63
7  Australia (AUS) 17 17 10 44
8  New Caledonia (NCL) 7 1 2 10
9  Sri Lanka (SRI) 5 8 12 25
10  Myanmar (MYA) 4 13 4 21
11  India (IND) 3 9 10 22
12  Singapore (SIN) 3 2 4 9
13  Indonesia (INA) 3 2 3 8
14  Cambodia (CAM) 3 2 1 6
15  Vietnam (VIE) 3 1 2 6
16  Pakistan (PAK) 3 0 1 4
17  Malaysia (MAS) 2 28 37 67
18  Brunei (BRU) 2 3 2 7
19  Wallis and Futuna (WLF) 2 2 2 6
20  Mongolia (MGL) 2 0 0 2
21  Macau (MAC) 1 1 3 5
22  Fiji (FIJ) 0 5 2 7
23  New Zealand (NZL) 0 4 2 6
24  Kazakhstan (KAZ) 0 2 2 4
 Philippines (PHI) 0 2 2 4
26  Azerbaijan (AZE) 0 1 1 2
27  Papua New Guinea (PNG) 0 1 0 1
28  Vanuatu (VAN) 0 0 2 2
29  Laos (LAO) 0 0 1 1
Total (29 NPCs) 433 375 314 1122

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]