Miranda May Kerr is an Australian model. Kerr rose to prominence in 2007 as one of the Victoria's Secret Angels. Kerr was the first Australian Victoria's Secret model and represented the Australian department store chain David Jones. Kerr has launched her own brand of organic skincare products, KORA Organics, has written a self-help book. Kerr began modelling in the fashion industry when she was 13, winning the 1997 Dolly magazine model search competition. Since 2008, Kerr has ranked on the Forbes list of highest earning models. Kerr was raised in Gunnedah, New South Wales, she is the daughter of John Kerr. She has a brother, two years younger. In an interview, Kerr stated that her ancestry is English, with smaller amounts of Scottish and French. During her childhood, Kerr "raced motorbikes and rode horses on her grandmother's farm", she describes her early life in the Australian countryside as "very grounding... There wasn't any pretentiousness and no one cared what you were wearing. You could just be you."Her family moved to Brisbane to allow Kerr and her brother to experience city life.
She graduated from All Hallows' School in 2000. Kerr studied health psychology before pursuing modelling. At age 13, Kerr won the 1997 annual Dolly magazine/Impulse model competition, she was flown to Sydney a week before her 14th birthday to shoot for the magazine. Upon Kerr's win, local media expressed "concerned outrage" at her young age; the controversy raised concerns about the glorification of young girls within the fashion and entertainment industries. Some media outlets claimed. Of the press, Kerr said: "In the media at the time they were trying to cling on to anything remotely to do with paedophilia. Dolly is a magazine for teenage girls, not for old men, and I was clothed! Doing a winter shoot! They just made something out of nothing." Kerr signed to Chic Management's Sydney division. She received considerable commercial exposure after a series of beachwear ads predominantly for Australian surf chain Billabong, in which Kerr modelled surf brands Tigerlily, Billabong Girls, One Teaspoon. Kerr was the brand ambassador of Australia's most recognised swimwear brand, Seafolly in 2001.
This increased her profile in the Australian and Asian markets, after which Kerr relocated to New York where she became co-owner of the Bowery Ballroom. In New York, Kerr had a multitude of runway appearances and signed with NEXT Model Management in early 2004. From there, she was booked for runway and print campaigns for labels, including Alex Perry, Baby Phat, Lisa Ho, Voodoo Dolls, Levi's, Bettina Liano, Nicola Finetti, L. A. M. B. Heatherette, Betsey Johnson, Trelise Cooper, John Richmond, Blumarine Swimwear, Neiman Marcus, Seafolly Swimwear, Anna Molinari and Republic, Roberto Cavalli, Ober Jeans. Kerr was booked for print in magazines such as Elle, Australian Vogue and Harper's Bazaar, was featured in Australian television advertisements for clothing and hair-removal products. In early 2006, Kerr appeared on the TV show Project Runway, modelling clothes for contestant Daniel Vosovic's final collection, she signed a contract with cosmetics firm Maybelline New York. Along with several other Victoria's Secret and Next agency models, Kerr was featured in a music video for the single "Number One" by artists Kanye West and Pharrell.
Following her success with Maybelline, Kerr became the first Australian model to be offered a contract with Victoria's Secret in 2007. Upon her acceptance, she became the first Australian Victoria's Secret Angel joining models Alessandra Ambrosio, Karolína Kurková, Adriana Lima, Selita Ebanks, Izabel Goulart, Heidi Klum. Before becoming an Angel in 2007, Kerr was picked to become the successor of Alessandra Ambrosio as the face of PINK in 2006. Kerr's popularity continued to increase as one of the globally recognised Angels when she appeared in the Victoria's Secret 2006, 2007, 2008 and 2009 televised runway shows, which aired on four continents. In 2007, Kerr signed on as the face of Californian fashion retailer Arden B. After debuting in their spring and summer ad campaigns, Kerr returned for their fall 2007 campaign, shot by fashion photographer Diego Uchitel. Following her modeling success with Victoria's Secret, Kerr made a small guest appearance in the CBS sitcom How I Met Your Mother alongside fellow Angels Adriana Lima, Marisa Miller, Alessandra Ambrosio, Heidi Klum and Selita Ebanks.
In 2008, Kerr became the new face of the fragrance Clinique Happy and signed a six-figure deal to be the new face of Australian department store David Jones, replacing model Megan Gale. She appeared on the cover of British Harper's Bazaar. Earning an estimated $3.5 million over the previous 12 months, Forbes placed Kerr at No. 10 on the list of the world's top-earning models. In June 2009, Kerr posed naked, chained to a tree, for an issue of Rolling Stone Australia, to raise awareness for the endangered koalas. In August, Kerr released self-help book, Treasure Yourself. Treasure Yourself is aimed at female teenagers. In October, Kerr launched her own brand of organic skincare products, KORA Organics, with George Moskos, became the face for the company. Kerr shot a spring/summer ad campaign for XOXO. Kerr appeared in Forbes 2009 list of the world's highest-paid models, ranking at No. 9 with estimated earnings of $3 million. She signed with IMG Models, she ended the year walking in the annual Victoria's Secret Fashion Show.
Kerr appeared in the 2010 Pirelli Calendar, photographed by Terry Richardson in Bahia, Brazil
Lauryn Eagle is an Australian professional boxer and water skiing champion. She was on The Celebrity Apprentice Australia and is a former Miss Teen International 2004. Coming from a water skiing family, her father Peter won the Australian title eleven times and sister Sarah placed second at the 2007 World Championships, she first started racing when she was nine years old. In 2003, she placed second in the Junior Division and at the next World Championships in 2005 she won the women's division title in the F2 class. In 2006, she won the Australian Marathon Champs, she finished third at the 2007 World Championship in May in the Formula 1 Division. She retired shortly from racing after her father's death in 2008. In 2009 Lauryn returned to racing placing third at the 2009 World Championships, 7th in the 2011 World Championships after suffering a big fall in the third race. Turning professional in 2010, she went 2–0–1 with 1 knockout that year and in 2011 she would suffer two split decision losses.
On 13 July 2012, she defeated Kiangsak Sithsaithong by a 5th-round TKO to win the World Boxing Foundation women's super featherweight title, improving her record to 3–2–1 2 knockouts. The match was criticised within the boxing media. Commentators pointed out that Eagle had not fought more than 6 rounds in her career, had not won a fight since 2010, it was noted that Sithsaithong's record was entirely against debut fighters in Thai villages. In September 2012, she did a promotional fight against Fox FM radio joc Matt Tilley in a'Champ vs Chump' promotion. Eagle won the three round fight by a TKO in the third round. Two days Eagle fought New Zealand's Nicki Bigwood winning in a unanimous decision in a six-round bout on as an undercard to former professional rugby league footballer Solomon Haumono's fight. On January 30, 2013 she won the vacant Australia female lightweight title beating Nadine Brown on points at the Sydney Entertainment Centre. Eagle has a keen interest in modeling. In 2005, she competed in Miss Teen Australia in Darwin and won the title along with Miss Congeniality.
She went to Costa Rica in Central America and competed in Miss Teen International and made a clean sweep, winning Miss Teen International, along with Most Photogenic, Miss Congeniality and Best Silhouette. In 2006, she won the FHM Lara Croft Challenge involved physical challenges of shooting, ropes, ladders, 4-wheel driving and swimming, she starred in the second season of the Celebrity Apprentice Australia where she lasted until the final episode where she finished fourth. In the August edition of MAXIM magazine, Eagle featured on a photo shoot. In March 2008, Eagle's father Peter, a 10-time Australian water-skiing champion, died when his speedboat flipped and crashed. On 19 May 2013, Eagle was arrested at Northies Cronulla Hotel and charged with failing to leave premises when requested, she had split with her boyfriend, rugby league player Todd Carney. On 9 January 2014, she was ordered by the courts to leave her Mother alone after a dispute over a family dog. On January 30, 2018 she was convicted of drug driving, fined $600 and banned from driving for six months.
The magistrate rejected an application to record no conviction. Lauryn Eagle official webpage Lauryn Eagle on Twitter Professional boxing record for Lauryn Eagle from BoxRec Lauryn Eagle on IMDb
Australia the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands. It is the world's sixth-largest country by total area; the neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea and East Timor to the north. The population of 25 million is urbanised and concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Australia's capital is Canberra, its largest city is Sydney; the country's other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane and Adelaide. Australia was inhabited by indigenous Australians for about 60,000 years before the first British settlement in the late 18th century, it is documented. After the European exploration of the continent by Dutch explorers in 1606, who named it New Holland, Australia's eastern half was claimed by Great Britain in 1770 and settled through penal transportation to the colony of New South Wales from 26 January 1788, a date which became Australia's national day; the population grew in subsequent decades, by the 1850s most of the continent had been explored and an additional five self-governing crown colonies established.
On 1 January 1901, the six colonies federated. Australia has since maintained a stable liberal democratic political system that functions as a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy, comprising six states and ten territories. Being the oldest and driest inhabited continent, with the least fertile soils, Australia has a landmass of 7,617,930 square kilometres. A megadiverse country, its size gives it a wide variety of landscapes, with deserts in the centre, tropical rainforests in the north-east and mountain ranges in the south-east. A gold rush began in Australia in the early 1850s, its population density, 2.8 inhabitants per square kilometre, remains among the lowest in the world. Australia generates its income from various sources including mining-related exports, telecommunications and manufacturing. Indigenous Australian rock art is the oldest and richest in the world, dating as far back as 60,000 years and spread across hundreds of thousands of sites. Australia is a developed country, with the world's 14th-largest economy.
It has a high-income economy, with the world's tenth-highest per capita income. It is a regional power, has the world's 13th-highest military expenditure. Australia has the world's ninth-largest immigrant population, with immigrants accounting for 26% of the population. Having the third-highest human development index and the eighth-highest ranked democracy globally, the country ranks in quality of life, education, economic freedom, civil liberties and political rights, with all its major cities faring well in global comparative livability surveys. Australia is a member of the United Nations, G20, Commonwealth of Nations, ANZUS, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, World Trade Organization, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, Pacific Islands Forum and the ASEAN Plus Six mechanism; the name Australia is derived from the Latin Terra Australis, a name used for a hypothetical continent in the Southern Hemisphere since ancient times. When Europeans first began visiting and mapping Australia in the 17th century, the name Terra Australis was applied to the new territories.
Until the early 19th century, Australia was best known as "New Holland", a name first applied by the Dutch explorer Abel Tasman in 1644 and subsequently anglicised. Terra Australis still saw occasional usage, such as in scientific texts; the name Australia was popularised by the explorer Matthew Flinders, who said it was "more agreeable to the ear, an assimilation to the names of the other great portions of the earth". The first time that Australia appears to have been used was in April 1817, when Governor Lachlan Macquarie acknowledged the receipt of Flinders' charts of Australia from Lord Bathurst. In December 1817, Macquarie recommended to the Colonial Office. In 1824, the Admiralty agreed that the continent should be known by that name; the first official published use of the new name came with the publication in 1830 of The Australia Directory by the Hydrographic Office. Colloquial names for Australia include "Oz" and "the Land Down Under". Other epithets include "the Great Southern Land", "the Lucky Country", "the Sunburnt Country", "the Wide Brown Land".
The latter two both derive from Dorothea Mackellar's 1908 poem "My Country". Human habitation of the Australian continent is estimated to have begun around 65,000 to 70,000 years ago, with the migration of people by land bridges and short sea-crossings from what is now Southeast Asia; these first inhabitants were the ancestors of modern Indigenous Australians. Aboriginal Australian culture is one of the oldest continual civilisations on earth. At the time of first European contact, most Indigenous Australians were hunter-gatherers with complex economies and societies. Recent archaeological finds suggest. Indigenous Australians have an oral culture with spiritual values based on reverence for the land and a belief in the Dreamtime; the Torres Strait Islanders, ethnically Melanesian, obtained their livelihood from seasonal horticulture and the resources of their reefs and seas. The northern coasts and waters of Australia were visited s
Rosie Alice Huntington-Whiteley is an English model, actress and businesswoman. She is best known for her work for lingerie retailer Victoria's Secret being one of their brand "Angels", for being the face of Burberry's 2011 brand fragrance "Burberry Body", for her work with Marks & Spencer, most for her artistic collaboration with denim-focused fashion brand Paige. Moving into acting, she became known for her supporting roles as Carly Spencer in the 2011 film Transformers: Dark of the Moon, the third installment in the Transformers film series, as The Splendid Angharad in the 2015 film Mad Max: Fury Road. Huntington-Whiteley was born in Plymouth, the daughter of Fiona, a fitness instructor, Charles, a chartered surveyor, she has a sister. She grew up on a farm near Devon, her paternal great-grandfather, Wing-Commander Eric Huntington-Whiteley JP, was from a noble family, being the nephew of George Whiteley, 1st Baron Marchamley and the younger son of politician Sir Herbert Huntington-Whiteley, 1st Baronet.
Rosie's paternal grandmother, Gillian from a Jewish family, was the daughter of Jacob Franks, a prominent surgeon in Sussex. Educated at Tavistock College, she revealed that she was bullied and teased at school for having a double-barrelled name, small breasts and full lips, she used to smoke, as she said in an interview with David Letterman: "I got a work placement at a modelling agency and I spent the week making coffee and picking up the telephone and smoking cigarettes and drinking wine at 11 AM, it was Ab Fab". She last has since quit. While a 15-year-old student, she undertook work experience at London West End-based model agency Profile, before taking her GCSEs. Signed after leaving school in summer 2003 aged 16, her first modelling session was for a Levi's jeans commercial, she got her first big break in January 2004 when she travelled to New York City for a shoot with Teen Vogue. She made her catwalk début alongside Naomi Campbell in New York City in Spring 2004, was photographed by Bruce Weber for Abercrombie & Fitch.
In early 2006, she was signed to American lingerie brand Victoria's Secret, making her début at the brand's fashion show in Los Angeles. Huntington-Whiteley remained unknown outside the fashion industry until 2008, when she was cast by chief creative director Christopher Bailey, replacing Agyness Deyn for Burberry's autumn/winter campaign with actor Sam Riley, she got her first British Vogue cover on the November 2008 issue, alongside Eden Clark and Jourdan Dunn in a feature celebrating British models. The following year, she was featured as the face of Karen Millen's spring/summer 2009 advertising campaign, she starred in a short film for Agent Provocateur lingerie playing a woman whose boyfriend forgets Valentine's Day. For fall/winter 2009, she modelled in campaigns for Miss Sixty. In February 2010, Huntington-Whiteley became a Victoria's Secret Angel modelling for the Victoria's Secret Fashion Show in New York City. In 2010, she posed nude for the Pirelli Calendar, photographed by Terry Richardson.
Huntington-Whiteley hit the runway for designers Prada in Giles Deacon in Paris. For SS10 her advertising campaigns included Monsoon's first underwear line, Thomas Wylde, Full Circle, VS Online. In March, she collaborated with VOGUE. COM to share her outfit choices daily, she appeared on the covers of the May 2010 issues of Harper's Bazaar Russia and GQ UK. She was featured on the cover of LOVE Magazine's September issue, styled as a pinup girl. For FW10 she modelled for Burberry as well as the company's first Beauty line. Fashion photographer Rankin devoted a book to her entitled Ten Times Rosie. Rankin opined that Huntington-Whiteley brought something different to modelling: "We’ve been looking at very skinny masculine girls for a long time. Is the model of the moment. She’s the actress of the moment. She’s going to become something much, much bigger." Celebrity make-up artist Ruby Hammer, who has worked with Huntington-Whiteley for years, described her as the "quintessential" English rose. In March 2011, Huntington-Whiteley landed her first solo British Vogue cover and appeared on the covers of the UK's July issues of Elle and GQ.
She was unveiled as the face of Burberry's newest fragrance, Burberry Body, in July 2011. In 2013, Huntington-Whiteley starred alongside Helena Bonham Carter and David Gandy in the Marks & Spencer Christmas advert, she was announced as the face of Australian cosmetics brand ModelCo. In 2014, PAIGE announced Huntington-Whiteley as their ambassador for their upcoming Spring 2015 ad campaign. In February 2017, PAIGE launched their first design collaboration with Huntington-Whiteley on a 17 piece capsule collection for Spring called Rosie HW x PAIGE; this was followed by a Fall collection consisting of 20 pieces. She has walked the runways for Givenchy, Oscar De La Renta, Michael Kors, Roberto Cavalli, Louis Vuitton, DSquared2, Badgley Mischka, Marchesa, Vivienne Tam, Vera Wang, Betsey Johnson, Alberta Ferretti, Giles Deacon, Moschino, she has appeared in advertising campaigns for Dolce & Gabbana, Nirav Modi, Ralph Lauren, DKNY, Versace, Leon Max, Prabal Gurung, Karen Millen, Bvlgari, Tommy Hilfiger, BCBG, Thomas Wylde, Sportmax, Marks & Spencer, Victoria's Secret, French Connection, Levi's, Macy's, Bloomingdale's.
In May 2010, it was
Jennifer Lynn Lopez is an American singer, actress and producer. In 1991, Lopez began appearing as a Fly Girl dancer on In Living Color, where she remained a regular until she decided to pursue an acting career in 1993. For her first leading role in the 1997 Selena biopic of the same name, Lopez received a Golden Globe nomination and became the first Latin actress to earn over US$1 million for a film, she went on to star in Anaconda and Out of Sight establishing herself as the highest-paid Latin actress in Hollywood. Lopez ventured into the music industry with her debut studio album On the 6, which helped propel the Latin pop movement in American music. With the simultaneous release of her second studio album J. Lo and her romantic comedy The Wedding Planner in 2001, Lopez became the first woman to have a number one album and film in the same week, her 2002 remix album, J to tha L–O! The Remixes, became the first in history to debut at number one on the U. S. Billboard 200; that year, she released her third studio album This Is Me...
And appeared in Maid in Manhattan. After starring in Gigli, a critical and commercial failure, Lopez subsequently starred in the successful romantic comedies Shall We Dance? and Monster-in-Law. Her fifth studio album, Como Ama una Mujer, received the highest first-week sales for a debut Spanish album in the United States. Following an unsuccessful period, she returned to prominence in 2011 with her appearance as a judge on American Idol, released her seventh studio album Love?. In 2016, she began starring in the crime drama series Shades of Blue and commenced a residency show, Jennifer Lopez: All I Have, at Planet Hollywood Las Vegas. Since 2017, Lopez has served as a judge on World of Dance. In 2018, she starred in the film Second Act. With a cumulative film gross of US$3 billion and estimated global sales of 80 million records, Lopez is regarded as the most influential Latin performer in the United States. In 2012, Forbes ranked her as the most powerful celebrity in the world, as well as the 38th most powerful woman in the world.
Time listed her among the 100 most influential people in the world in 2018. Her most successful singles on the US Billboard Hot 100 include: "If You Had My Love", "Love Don't Cost a Thing", "I'm Real", "Ain't It Funny", "Jenny from the Block", "All I Have", "On the Floor", one of the best-selling singles of all time. For her contributions to the music industry, Lopez has received a landmark star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, the Billboard Icon Award and the Michael Jackson Video Vanguard Award among other honors, her other ventures include clothing lines, fragrances, a production company, a charitable foundation. Jennifer Lynn Lopez was born on July 24, 1969, in The Bronx borough of New York City, to Puerto Rican parents Guadalupe Rodríguez and David López, she has an older sister, a younger sister, Lynda, a journalist. David worked the night shift at the Guardian Insurance Company before becoming a computer technician at the firm, while Guadalupe was a homemaker; when Lopez was born, the family was living in a small apartment in the Castle Hill neighborhood.
A few years her parents had saved up enough money to be able to purchase a two-story house, considered a big deal for the poor family. At the age of five, Lopez began taking dancing lessons, she toured New York with her school. Her parents stressed the importance of work ethic and being able to speak English, they encouraged their three daughters to put on performances at home—singing and dancing in front of each other and their friends so that they would stay "out of trouble". Lopez spent her entire academic career in Catholic schools. In school, Lopez did gymnastics, ran track on a national level, was a member of the school's softball team, she excelled athletically rather than academically. While attending her final year of high school, Lopez learned about a film casting, seeking several teenage girls for small roles, she auditioned and was cast in My Little Girl, a low-budget film co-written and directed by Connie Kaiserman. Lopez acted as a young woman at a center for troubled girls. After she finished filming her role in the film, Lopez realized that she wanted to become a "famous movie star".
To please her parents, she enrolled in Baruch College, only to drop out after one semester. She told her parents about her dream of becoming a movie star, but they insisted that it was a "really stupid" idea and that "no Latinos did that"; the differences in opinions led Lopez to move out of their family home and into an apartment in Manhattan. During this period, Lopez performed in regional productions of the musicals Jesus Christ Superstar and Oklahoma!. From there, she was hired for the chorus in a Golden Musicals of Broadway, which toured Europe for five months, she was unhappy with the role. She got a job on the show Synchronicity in Japan, where she acted as a dancer and choreographer. Lopez was selected as a backup dancer for the New Kids on the Block in 1991 and performed with them during their performance of "Games" at the 18th Annual American Music Awards. Shortly after, Lopez gained her first regular high-profile job as a Fly Girl dancer on the television program In Living Color, she applied for the job.
Out of 2,000 applicants, Lopez made it to the finals. She was the runner-up but received the role when the winner was unable to accept the job, she moved to Los Angeles to film the series and remained a r
Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia and Oceania. Located on Australia's east coast, the metropolis surrounds Port Jackson and extends about 70 km on its periphery towards the Blue Mountains to the west, Hawkesbury to the north, the Royal National Park to the south and Macarthur to the south-west. Sydney is made up of 40 local government areas and 15 contiguous regions. Residents of the city are known as "Sydneysiders"; as of June 2017, Sydney's estimated metropolitan population was 5,230,330 and is home to 65% of the state's population. Indigenous Australians have inhabited the Sydney area for at least 30,000 years, thousands of engravings remain throughout the region, making it one of the richest in Australia in terms of Aboriginal archaeological sites. During his first Pacific voyage in 1770, Lieutenant James Cook and his crew became the first Europeans to chart the eastern coast of Australia, making landfall at Botany Bay and inspiring British interest in the area.
In 1788, the First Fleet of convicts, led by Arthur Phillip, founded Sydney as a British penal colony, the first European settlement in Australia. Phillip named the city Sydney in recognition of 1st Viscount Sydney. Penal transportation to New South Wales ended soon after Sydney was incorporated as a city in 1842. A gold rush occurred in the colony in 1851, over the next century, Sydney transformed from a colonial outpost into a major global cultural and economic centre. After World War II, it experienced mass migration and became one of the most multicultural cities in the world. At the time of the 2011 census, more than 250 different languages were spoken in Sydney. In the 2016 Census, about 35.8% of residents spoke a language other than English at home. Furthermore, 45.4% of the population reported having been born overseas, making Sydney the 3rd largest foreign born population of any city in the world after London and New York City, respectively. Despite being one of the most expensive cities in the world, the 2018 Mercer Quality of Living Survey ranks Sydney tenth in the world in terms of quality of living, making it one of the most livable cities.
It is classified as an Alpha+ World City by Globalization and World Cities Research Network, indicating its influence in the region and throughout the world. Ranked eleventh in the world for economic opportunity, Sydney has an advanced market economy with strengths in finance and tourism. There is a significant concentration of foreign banks and multinational corporations in Sydney and the city is promoted as Australia's financial capital and one of Asia Pacific's leading financial hubs. Established in 1850, the University of Sydney is Australia's first university and is regarded as one of the world's leading universities. Sydney is home to the oldest library in Australia, State Library of New South Wales, opened in 1826. Sydney has hosted major international sporting events such as the 2000 Summer Olympics; the city is among the top fifteen most-visited cities in the world, with millions of tourists coming each year to see the city's landmarks. Boasting over 1,000,000 ha of nature reserves and parks, its notable natural features include Sydney Harbour, the Royal National Park, Royal Botanic Garden and Hyde Park, the oldest parkland in the country.
Built attractions such as the Sydney Harbour Bridge and the World Heritage-listed Sydney Opera House are well known to international visitors. The main passenger airport serving the metropolitan area is Kingsford-Smith Airport, one of the world's oldest continually operating airports. Established in 1906, Central station, the largest and busiest railway station in the state, is the main hub of the city's rail network; the first people to inhabit the area now known as Sydney were indigenous Australians having migrated from northern Australia and before that from southeast Asia. Radiocarbon dating suggests human activity first started to occur in the Sydney area from around 30,735 years ago. However, numerous Aboriginal stone tools were found in Western Sydney's gravel sediments that were dated from 45,000 to 50,000 years BP, which would indicate that there was human settlement in Sydney earlier than thought; the first meeting between the native people and the British occurred on 29 April 1770 when Lieutenant James Cook landed at Botany Bay on the Kurnell Peninsula and encountered the Gweagal clan.
He noted in his journal that they were somewhat hostile towards the foreign visitors. Cook was not commissioned to start a settlement, he spent a short time collecting food and conducting scientific observations before continuing further north along the east coast of Australia and claiming the new land he had discovered for Britain. Prior to the arrival of the British there were 4,000 to 8,000 native people in Sydney from as many as 29 different clans; the earliest British settlers called the natives Eora people. "Eora" is the term the indigenous population used to explain their origins upon first contact with the British. Its literal meaning is "from this place". Sydney Cove from Port Jackson to Petersham was inhabited by the Cadigal clan; the principal language groups were Darug and Dharawal. The earliest Europeans to visit the area noted that the indigenous people were conducting activities such as camping and fishing, using trees for bark and food, collecting shells, cooking fish. Britain—before that, England—and Ireland had for a long time been sending their convicts across the Atlantic to the American colonies.
That trade was ended with the Declaration of Independence by the United States in 1776. Britain decided in 1786 to found a new penal outpost in the territory discovered by Cook some 16 years ear