Jiří Baumruk was a Czech professional basketball player. Baumruk spent his club career playing with Slavia Prague, namely with Sparta Prague. With Sparta Prague, he earned nine medals in the Czechoslovak Basketball League. In the 1960–61 season, he and his team participated in the FIBA European Champions Cup, reached the quarterfinals. Baumruk represented the senior Czechoslovak national team at the 1960 Pre-Olympic basketball tournament, a further two times in the Summer Olympic Games 1952, 1960, in six EuroBaskets, being the MVP of the EuroBasket 1957. With the national team, he won three silver medals at EuroBasket, in France 1951, Hungary 1955, Turkey 1959. In 1960, with the national team, he finished in fifth place at the 1960 Summer Olympic Games, he was the team's leading scorer, with an average of 18.4 points per game. 1964–65 Sparta Prague women 1965–66 Tatran Prague 1966–68 Slavia Prague 1969–71 Candy Brugherio 1971–79 Sparta Prague Czechoslovakia national basketball team List of the best czech basketball players of the 20th century – Jiří Baumruk Basketball at the 1960 Summer Olympics Basketball at the 1952 Summer Olympics FIBA EuroBasket MVP BC Sparta Prague Baumruk, FIBA profile Baumruk, OG 1960, FIBA profile FIBA Europe profile BC Sparta Prague Club history Sparta Prague in Division 1 Men
Frank John Lubin was a Lithuanian American basketball player. In 1997, Lubin was inducted into the UCLA Hall of Fame, he was inducted into the Helms Sports Hall of Fame. Lubin was born on the east side of Los Angeles, California, to a family of Lithuanian immigrants, he died in Glendale, California. A veteran with the United States Army Air Forces during World War II, Lubin was buried at Riverside National Cemetery, in Riverside, California, his father, Konstantinas Lubinas, was from Vilkaviškis, while his mother, Paulina Vasiliauskaitė, was from Vabalninkas. When Lubin grew up to a height of 6 ft 7 in at Lincoln High School, classmates encouraged him to try out for the basketball team. Gangly and uncoordinated, Lubin struggled to improve his game, but was named to the All-City Second Team as a senior in 1927. While playing college basketball at UCLA, from 1928 to 1931, Lubin earned All-Pacific Coast Conference honors in his senior season. Following his college career, he worked as a stagehand at Twentieth Century Fox, joined the studio's AAU team, which earned the right to represent the U.
S. as part of the first Olympic basketball tournament in 1936, where he won the gold. During the 1936 Summer Olympics, Lubin was invited to come to Lithuania, he became their first national team head coach, they won the EuroBasket title in 1937. When the team hosted the EuroBasket in 1939, they again won the title, this time with Lubin, acting as a player-coach. Lubin the de facto MVP of EuroBasket 1939, however he was unable to receive the award, because he was taller than 6 ft 3 in, FIBA had a rule at the time, which prohibited the award to be given to players at such a height; when World War II broke out in 1939, Lubin was in Italy. Given that Nazi Germany was directly on the path back to Lithuania, Italian officials had to help the team to get back, through train and boat, avoiding Germany. Afterwards, Lubin fled Lithuania to California with his family, in the face of the upcoming Soviet invasion that happened one year later. Lubin continued to play for the Twentieth Century Fox team until 1955, when knee problems prompted him to retire.
For his contributions and for introducing the now basketball-mad country of Lithuania to the sport, Lubin is called the "grandfather of Lithuanian basketball". List of FIBA EuroBasket winning head coaches Footnotes Bibliography Vidas Mačiulis, Vytautas Gudelis. Halė, kurioje žaidė Lubinas ir Sabonis. 1939–1989 – Respublikinis sporto kombinatas, Kaunas, 1989 Evans, Hilary. "Frank Lubin". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 2012-02-11. Frank Lubin at Find a Grave Olympic Oral History interview with Frank Lubin Frank Lubin page on Hoopedia. NBA Los Angeles Times Interview with Mary Agnes Lubin "Captain of the United States Olympic Basketball Team in 1936 was Frank Lubinas" - U. S. Ambassador John A. Cloud
The 1959 FIBA European Championship called FIBA EuroBasket 1959, was the eleventh FIBA EuroBasket regional basketball championship, held by FIBA Europe. The tournament, hosted by Turkey, began on 21 May 1959 and concluded with the final on 31 May 1959. Seventeen national teams affiliated with the International Basketball Federation entered the competition. Mithat Paşa Stadium, Istanbul was the location of the event. Soviet Union claimed their fifth EuroBasket title. Czechoslovakia captured the silver medal, France captured the bronze. In the preliminary round, the 17 teams were split up into four groups. One of the groups had five teams, with the other three having four each; the top two teams in each group advanced to the final round, while the other nine teams were relegated to classification play. The first classification round was played in three round-robin groups; the first place from each group advanced to the second round to define the 9th–11th places, the second from each group, the 12th–14th and the remaining teams, the 14–17th places in the final standings.
The Semi-Final round consisted of two round-robin groups, where the top two from each one advanced to the Final Round to decide the first four places in the final standings, the remaining teams, the 5th–8th places. Two groups of four teams determined the 1st–8th places. Results from matches between teams that shared a group in Semi-Final round where carried over to this round. 1. Soviet Union: Jānis Krūmiņš, Gennadi Volnov, Maigonis Valdmanis, Valdis Muižnieks, Viktor Zubkov, Arkady Bochkarov, Yuri Korneev, Guram Minashvili, Mikhail Semyonov, Aleksandr Petrov, Vladimir Torban, Mikhail Studenetski 2. Czechoslovakia: Jiří Baumruk, František Konvička, Bohumil Tomášek, Miroslav Škeřík, Jaroslav Šíp, Boris Lukášik, Jaroslav Křivý, Dušan Lukášik, Zdeněk Rylich, Jiří Šťastný, Jaroslav Tetiva, Bohuslav Rylich 3. France: Henri Grange, Robert Monclar, Maxime Dorigo, Philippe Baillet, Christian Baltzer, Andre Chavet, Jerome Christ, Jean-Claude Lefebvre, Bernard Mayeur, Michel Rat, Lucien Sedat, Henri Villecourt 4.
Hungary: János Greminger, Tibor Zsíros, László Bánhegyi, Tibor Czinkán, László Gabányi, János Simon, János Bencze, Zoltán Judik, Ottó Temesvári, Miklós Boháty, Árpád Glatz, Merényi 9. Yugoslavia: Miodrag Nikolić, Marjan Kandus, Branko Radović, Slobodan Gordić, Igor Jelnikar, Matja Dermastija, Milutin Minja, Ivo Daneu, Nemanja Đurić, Radivoj Korać, Radovan Radović, Boris Kristančič
The 1939 FIBA European Championship called FIBA EuroBasket 1939, was the third FIBA EuroBasket regional basketball championship, held by FIBA Europe. Eight national teams affiliated with the International Basketball Federation took part in the competition. Defending champions Lithuania hosted the tournament, held in Kaunas Sports Hall; the price for tickets were high in that time. The price for seat were 2,5–5 LTL and for standing spot 1,5–2 LTL. One of the toughest question was where the competition games of the Third European Basketball Championship should be played. First European Championship was held in a primitively adapted exhibitions hall, second – in adapted former factory premises. Firstly, there was a thought to organize it in an open-court with a hanging tarpaulin roof, protecting from the rain, in the that time State Court. Although, such building wasn't suitable nor for the Lithuania, nor for the FIBA, it was decided to build new sports hall for the basketball games. Anatolijus Rozenbliumas projected the new basketball hall with capacity of 11.000 people.
It cost around 400.000 LTL, however nobody complained about its and its building progress. Kaunas Sports Hall was built in time. Many helpers participated in construction. One of them, Donatas Banionis, remembers: "I remember 1939 European Championship in Kaunas; the Kaunas Sports Hall was built. On the eve of the tournament I learned from friends. Free observation of the games was promised for that. This, for us – boys, was a staggering thing; the cheapest ticket to all the games cost 10 LTL. So I numbered the sports hall benches with dye honestly"; the opening ceremony of the EuroBasket 1939 took place on May 21, 1939. Independent Lithuania sport historian, Jonas Narbutas, wrote: "The interest in the competition, of course, was huge, but still it was hardly imaginable that that big event may attract such wide masses. It seemed. Tides of people attended the Vytautas hill: by driving. Generations of times swam into the hall: near the gray-headed there was his aging son with his children and big swam, of all ages and castes.
The hall sheltered 10.000 of people. It is doubtful, it was possible to sell 20.000 tickets to the opening and the closing ceremonies". The opening ceremony was started by the Lithuanian president Antanas Smetona speech. At first, after sending the invitations, 17 countries wished to compete; the basketball newcomers Great Britain and Germany planned to participate in it. Because of this, one of the issued postage stamp had 17 countries flags. Though, when Kaunas was waiting for the guests from all the European countries, World War II phantom was wandering in Europe; that changed things, with some of the 17 planned countries no longer interested in participating in the tournament. Eight teams arrived. Despite that, all the strongest teams of the EuroBasket 1937 participated; the championship prestige was raised with the capable Baltic teams participation. Most of the teams arrived at Kaunas strengthened: Lithuania, Estonia, Italy national teams had emigrants, who finished studies in the United States of America.
Everyone was thrilled with the question: will tall height players participation be allowed? At that time FIBA had a rule which distributed players into two groups: lower than 1.90 meter and taller than 1.90 meter. Though, this rule never was used practically. Two teams had players taller than 1.90 meter: Lithuania. Just one day before the competition, FIBA Technical Committee reached a decision allowing players of all heights to compete; the 1939 competition was in a simple format. Each team played each of the other teams once. A win was worth 2 standings points, a loss worth 1; the rankings were based on those standing points. Ties were broken by head-to-head results; the winning team was Lithuania. In retrospect, the most important match was Lithuania vs Latvia in the first round. Lithuania won by 1 point, this was the eventual winning margin of the championship. Relations between the two nations soured to such an extent that it led to the cancellation of the subsequent 1939 Baltic Cup football tournament.
Lithuania's Lubinas played for the gold medal-winning United States national basketball team at the 1936 Summer Olympics. 1. Lithuania: Pranas Lubinas, Mykolas Ruzgys, Feliksas Kriaučiūnas, Leonas Baltrūnas, Zenonas Puzinauskas, Artūras Andrulis, Pranas Mažeika, Leonas Petrauskas, Eugenijus Nikolskis, Vytautas Norkus, Jurgis Jurgėla, Mindaugas Šliūpas, Vytautas Budriūnas, Vytautas Lesčinskas 2. Latvia: Visvaldis Melderis, Kārlis Arents, Jānis Graudiņš, Teodors Grīnbergs, Maksis Kazāks, Alfrēds Krauklis, Voldemārs Šmits, Juris Solovjovs, Aleksandrs Vanags, Kārlis Satiņš 3. Poland: Paweł Stok, Bogdan Bartosiewicz, Jerzy Gregołajtis, Florian Grzechowiak, Zdzisław Kasprzak, Ewaryst Łój, Stanisław Pawlowski, Zbigniew Resich, Jerzy Rossudowski, Jarosław Śmigielski 4. France: Robert Busnel, Vladimir Fabrikant, Henri Lesmayoux, Fernand Prudhomme, Jean Jeammes, Etienne Roland, Emile Frezot, Robert Cohu, Maurice Mertz, Abel Gravier, Andre Ambroise, Gaston Falleur, Gabriel Gonnet, Alexandre Katlama 5.
Estonia: Heino Veskila, Evald Mahl, Oskar Erikson, Ralf Viksten, Georg Vinogradov, Erich Altosaar, Artur Amon, Hans Juurup, Valdeko Valdmäe, Herbert Tillemann FIBA Europe EuroBasket 1939 Eurobasket.com 1939 EChampionship
Turkey the Republic of Turkey, is a transcontinental country located in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan Peninsula in Southeast Europe. East Thrace, located in Europe, is separated from Anatolia by the Sea of Marmara, the Bosphorous strait and the Dardanelles. Turkey is bordered by Bulgaria to its northwest. Istanbul is the largest city. 70 to 80 per cent of the country's citizens identify as Turkish. Kurds are the largest minority. At various points in its history, the region has been inhabited by diverse civilizations including the Assyrians, Thracians, Phrygians and Armenians. Hellenization continued into the Byzantine era; the Seljuk Turks began migrating into the area in the 11th century, their victory over the Byzantines at the Battle of Manzikert in 1071 symbolizes the start and foundation of Turkey. The Seljuk Sultanate of Rûm ruled Anatolia until the Mongol invasion in 1243, when it disintegrated into small Turkish principalities. Beginning in the late 13th-century, the Ottomans started uniting these Turkish principalities.
After Mehmed II conquered Constantinople in 1453, Ottoman expansion continued under Selim I. During the reign of Suleiman the Magnificent the Ottoman Empire encompassed much of Southeast Europe, West Asia and North Africa and became a world power. In the following centuries the state entered a period of decline with a gradual loss of territories and wars. In an effort to consolidate the weakening social and political foundations of the empire, Mahmut II started a period of modernisation in the early 19th century, bringing reforms in all areas of the state including the military and bureaucracy along with the emancipation of all citizens. In 1913, a coup d'état put the country under the control of the Three Pashas. During World War I, the Ottoman government committed genocides against its Armenian and Pontic Greek subjects. Following the war, the conglomeration of territories and peoples that comprised the Ottoman Empire was partitioned into several new states; the Turkish War of Independence, initiated by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and his colleagues against occupying Allied Powers, resulted in the abolition of monarchy in 1922 and the establishment of the Republic of Turkey in 1923, with Atatürk as its first president.
Atatürk enacted numerous reforms, many of which incorporated various aspects of Western thought and customs into the new form of Turkish government. The Kurdish–Turkish conflict, an armed conflict between the Republic of Turkey and Kurdish insurgents, has been active since 1984 in the southeast of the country. Various Kurdish groups demand separation from Turkey to create an independent Kurdistan or to have autonomy and greater political and cultural rights for Kurds in Turkey. Turkey is a charter member of the UN, an early member of NATO, the IMF and the World Bank, a founding member of the OECD, OSCE, BSEC, OIC and G-20. After becoming one of the first members of the Council of Europe in 1949, Turkey became an associate member of the EEC in 1963, joined the EU Customs Union in 1995 and started accession negotiations with the European Union in 2005 which have been stopped by the EU in 2017 due to "Turkey's path toward autocratic rule". Turkey's economy and diplomatic initiatives led to its recognition as a regional power while its location has given it geopolitical and strategic importance throughout history.
Turkey is a secular, unitary parliamentary republic which adopted a presidential system with a referendum in 2017. Turkey's current administration headed by president Recep Tayyip Erdoğan of the AKP has enacted measures to increase the influence of Islam, undermine Kemalist policies and freedom of the press; the English name of Turkey means "land of the Turks". Middle English usage of Turkye is evidenced in an early work by Chaucer called The Book of the Duchess; the phrase land of Torke is used in the 15th-century Digby Mysteries. Usages can be found in the Dunbar poems, the 16th century Manipulus Vocabulorum and Francis Bacon's Sylva Sylvarum; the modern spelling "Turkey" dates back to at least 1719. The Turkish name Türkiye was adopted in 1923 under the influence of European usage; the Anatolian peninsula, comprising most of modern Turkey, is one of the oldest permanently settled regions in the world. Various ancient Anatolian populations have lived in Anatolia, from at least the Neolithic period until the Hellenistic period.
Many of these peoples spoke the Anatolian languages, a branch of the larger Indo-European language family. In fact, given the antiquity of the Indo-European Hittite and Luwian languages, some scholars have proposed Anatolia as the hypothetical centre from which the Indo-European languages radiated; the European part of Turkey, called Eastern Thrace, has been inhabited since at least forty thousand years ago, is known to have been in the Neolithic era by about 6000 BC. Göbekli Tepe is the site of the oldest known man-made religious structure, a temple dating to circa 10,000 BC, while Çatalhöyük is a large Neolithic and Chalcolithic settlement in southern Anatolia, which existed from approximately
Krešimir "Krešo" Ćosić was a Croatian professional basketball player and coach. He was a collegiate All-American at Brigham Young University. In 1996, Ćosić became only the second international player elected to the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame, he was an inaugural member of the FIBA Hall of Fame. The Croatian Basketball Cup, KK Zadar's home arena, are named after him. Ćosić was a notable church leader and missionary of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, as well as the deputy ambassador of Croatia to the U. S. in Washington, D. C. Ćosić was born in Zagreb, SR Croatia, on 26 November 1948, to Ante and Darinka Ćosić. He was raised in Zadar, in 1965, he started his club basketball playing career, by playing with KK Zadar. While with Zadar, he won three Yugoslav League titles: in 1965, 1967, 1968. In the summer of 1968, Ćosić was in a European team with Finnish player Veikko Vainio. Vainio, a student at Brigham Young University, told him about life in college, invited him to play for the BYU Cougars.
Ćosić accepted this invitation, moved to the United States, in 1969. In his freshman year, he played in 12 games for the freshman team, averaging 17.4 points and 12.6 rebounds per game. In his sophomore year, he averaged 15.1 points and 12.6 rebounds per game, leading BYU to the 1971 WAC Championship. In his junior year, he again led his team to the WAC Championship, averaging 22.3 points and 12.8 rebounds per game, being awarded All-American honors by the United Press International, making him the first non-American player to achieve that. In the 1972 NBA Draft, he was picked by the Portland Trail Blazers, in the 10th round, but he opted to stay with BYU; as a senior, he averaged 20.2 points and 9.5 rebounds per game, again was given All-American honors, by the United Press International. His career college basketball averages were 18.9 points, 11.8 rebounds per game. At the 1973 NBA Draft, Ćosić was picked in the 5th round, he rejected several professional offers from the NBA and ABA, returned home to Croatia.
Where again played with KK Zadar, from 1973 to 1976. After that, he played with AŠK Olimpija, with Virtus Bologna, with Cibona Zagreb. Ćosić made his national team debut for Yugoslavia, at the age of 17, after being called up to the senior team by head coach Ranko Žeravica. He won a silver medal at the 1967 FIBA World Championship. At the 1968 Summer Olympics, he won another silver medal. In total, Ćosić played in four Summer Olympic Games: 1968, 1972, 1976, 1980 in Moscow, when he led his team to the gold medal, he had led Yugoslavia to a pair of FIBA World Cup gold medals, at the 1970 FIBA World Championship, at the 1978 FIBA World Championship. Following his playing days, Ćosić turned to coaching, he led the senior Yugoslav national team to a silver medal at the 1988 Summer Olympics in Seoul, to bronze medals at the 1986 FIBA World Championship, the 1987 EuroBasket. During his time at Brigham Young University, Ćosić converted to The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, he served as the LDS presiding priesthood holder, in post-communist Croatia.
He was baptized by one of the LDS church's most celebrated scholars. Ćosić introduced the LDS Church to the former Yugoslavia. He translated the Book of Doctrine and Covenants, into Croatian. According to Nibley, Ćosić told him, "There are a hundred reasons why I should not join the Church, only one reason why I should - because it is true." In the years following his career in basketball, Ćosić worked in the United States, as a Croatian diplomat, at the embassy in Washington, D. C. having helped secure the land. Ćosić died in Baltimore, Maryland, of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. He was survived by his wife, his two daughters, his son, Krešimir; the Croatian national basketball cup and KK Zadar's home arena are named after him. The Croatian landmark known as Califfi Castle now bears his name in his honor. There is a square in Croatia that bears his name. There is a street in Zadar, he was a 6× participant of FIBA All-Star Games, playing on the side of European Selection roster. He is one of top medalists of the FIBA World Cup, with 4 medals.
He was named the FIBA EuroBasket MVP, in 1971 and 1975. He was named the Croatian Sportsmen of the Year, in 1980, he was inducted into the BYU Hall of Fame, in 1983. He was named one of FIBA's 50 Greatest Players, in 1991, he was awarded the FIBA Order of Merit, in 1994. He was enshrined into the Basketball Hall of Fame, in 1996, he was inducted into Utah Basketball Hall of Fame, in 2001. He was awarded with the Croatian Lifetime Achievement in Sport, in 2002. On 4 March 2006, Ćosić became just the second men's basketball player to have his jersey retired by BYU. In 2006, he was enshrined into the College Basketball Hall of Fame. In 2007, he was enshrined into the FIBA Hall of Fame, he was named one of the 50 Greatest EuroLeague Contributors, in 2008. Yugoslav First Federal Basketball League career stats leaders Krešimir Ćosić BYU Profile Todd Bluth. "Former BYU All-American's Jersey Retired", The Daily Universe, 6 March 2006 Krešimir Ćosić Profile, Basketball Hall of Fame Web Page Kresimir Cosic at FIBA Krešimir Ćosić Profile, Fibaeurope.com Krešimir Ćosić Player Profile, legabasket.it Krešimir Ćosić Coach Profile, legabasket.it Krešimir Ćosić Profile, interbasket.net FIBA Hall of Fame Page on Krešimir Ćosić, halloffame.fiba.com Krešimir Ćosić: An Off-Court Story
The 1937 FIBA European Championship called FIBA EuroBasket 1937, was the second FIBA EuroBasket regional basketball championship, held by FIBA Europe. Eight national teams affiliated with the International Basketball Federation took part in the competition. Defending champions Latvia hosted the tournament, held in Riga; the preliminary round consisted of the eight teams being separated into two groups of four. Each group played a round-robin format tournament, with the top two teams in each group advancing to the semifinals and the bottom two playing in the lower classification matches. Wins counted for losses for 1 point. Egypt won against Italy 31:28 but because of the mistake, FIBA ruled to replay the game. Egypt decided to withdraw from replaying of the match. Latvia are classified third, because of scores differences between France-Poland-Latvia; the bottom four teams from the preliminary group faced off in the classification matches. The semifinals pitted the four top teams of the preliminary round against each other.
Winners advanced with the losers playing in a match for 3rd and 4th place. 1. Lithuania: Feliksas Kriaučiūnas, Pranas Talzūnas, Stasys Šačkus, Juozas Žukas, Leonas Baltrūnas, Zenonas Puzinauskas, Artūras Andrulis, Leopoldas Kepalas, Pranas Mažeika, Česlovas Daukša, Leonas Petrauskas, Eugenijus Nikolskis 2. Italy: Livio Franceschini, Ambrogio Bessi, Galeazzo Dondi, Emilio Giassetti, Giancarlo Marinelli, Camillo Marinone, Sergio Paganella, Mino Pasquini, Michele Pelliccia, Ezio Varisco 3. France: Pierre Boel, Robert Cohu, Jacques Flouret, Henri Hell, Edmond Leclere, Henri Lesmayoux, Fernand Prudhomme, Etienne Roland, Eugene Ronner, Marcel Vérot 4. Poland: Pawel Stok, Michal Czajczyk, Stefan Gendera, Florian Grzechowiak, Zdzislaw Kasprzak, Janusz Patrzykont, Andrzej Plucinski, Zbigniew Resich, Zenon Rozycki, Jaroslaw Smigielski 5. Estonia: Heino Veskila, Oskar Erikson, Evald Mahl, Vladimir Kärk, Robert Keres, Aleksander Illi, Alfred Zimmermann, Albert Suurna, Ralf Viksten FIBA Europe EuroBasket 1937 Eurobasket.com 1937 EChampionship