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FIFA World Rankings

The men's FIFA World Ranking is a ranking system for men's national teams in association football led by Belgium. The teams of the men's member nations of FIFA, football's world governing body, are ranked based on their game results with the most successful teams being ranked highest; the rankings were introduced in December 1992, eight teams have held the top position, of which Brazil have spent the longest ranked first. A points system is used, with points being awarded based on the results of all FIFA-recognised full international matches; the ranking system has been revamped on several occasions responding to criticism that the preceding calculation method did not reflect the relative strengths of the national teams. The current version of the ranking system was first used on 16 August 2018, adapted from the Elo rating system used in chess and Go. In December 1992, FIFA first published a listing in rank order of its men's member associations to provide a basis for comparison of the relative strengths of these teams.

From the following August, this list was more updated, to be published most months. Significant changes were implemented in January 1999 and again in July 2006, as a reaction to criticisms of the system. Historical records of the rankings, such as listed at FIFA.com, reflect the method of calculation in use at the time, as the current method has not been applied retrospectively to rankings prior to July 2006. Membership of FIFA has expanded from 167 to 211; the Cook Islands are the sole unranked FIFA member association, having been removed from the ranking in September 2019 after not playing any fixtures in the previous four years. The ranking formula used from August 1993 until December 1998 was simplistic and became noticed for its lack of supporting factors; when the rankings were introduced, a team received one point for a draw or three for a victory in FIFA-recognised matches – much the same as a traditional league scoring system. This was a quite simplistic approach, FIFA realised that there were many factors affecting international matches.

In January 1999, FIFA introduced a revised system of ranking calculation, incorporating many changes in response to criticism of inappropriate rankings. For the ranking all matches, their scores and importance were all recorded, were used in the calculation procedure. Only matches for the senior men's national team were included. Separate ranking systems were used for other representative national sides such as women's and junior teams, for example the FIFA Women's World Rankings; the women's rankings were, still are, based on a procedure, a simplified version of the Football Elo Ratings. The major changes were as follows: the point ranking was scaled up by a factor of ten the method of calculation was changed to take into account factors including: the number of goals scored or conceded whether the match was played at home or away the importance of a match or competition regional strength a fixed number of points were no longer awarded for a victory or a draw match losers were able to earn pointsTwo new awards were introduced as part of the system: Team of the Year Best Mover of the YearThe changes made the ranking system more complex, but helped improve its accuracy by making it more comprehensive.

FIFA announced. The evaluation period was cut from eight to four years, a simpler method of calculation was used to determine rankings. Goals scored and home or away advantage were no longer taken into account, other aspects of the calculations, including the importance attributed to different types of match, were revised; the first set of revised rankings and the calculation methodology were announced on 12 July 2006. This change was rooted at least in part in widespread criticism of the previous ranking system. Many football enthusiasts felt it was inaccurate when compared to other ranking systems and that it was not sufficiently responsive to changes in the performance of individual teams. In September 2017, FIFA announced they were reviewing the ranking system and would decide after the end of the 2018 FIFA World Cup qualification if any changes are to be made to improve the ranking. FIFA announced on 10 June 2018 that the ranking system would be updated following the 2018 World Cup; the calculation method to be adopted will be modeled after the Elo rating system and rankings of its member associations will be updated on a game-by-game basis.

The weighting designated for each confederation for ranking purposes will be abolished. However, the new methodology does not account for home or away games and margin of the victory, as Elo rankings. FIFA had intended to introduce the new ranking system in July 2018, but with no matches scheduled between the July and August ranking dates, delayed until August 2018. There was speculation from football journalists such as ESPN's Dale Johnson that this was because projections of the new rankings had seen little change in positions, with Germany –, eliminated in the first round of the World Cup – remaining as the top ranked team. FIFA had planned to use existing world ranking points from June 2018 as the start value, but when the August rankings appeared, the starting points had been changed to an equal distribution of points between 1600 and 868, according to the formula: P seeding = 1600 − (

West Side Story (André Previn album)

West Side Story is a jazz album by pianist André Previn and his trio. Previn, along with drummer Shelly Manne and bassist Red Mitchell, chose eight compositions from the original score of the Leonard Bernstein musical West Side Story and re-arranged them in a jazz style without vocals. Original music by Leonard Bernstein "Something's Coming" - 2:37 "Jet Song" - 4:48 "Tonight" - 5:24 "I Feel Pretty" - 6:47 "Gee, Officer Krupke!" - 4:55 "Cool" - 3:21 "Maria" - 5:30 "America" - 4:51 André Previn - piano Shelly Manne - drums Red Mitchell - double-bass

Albita Rodríguez

Albita Rodríguez, known in her music career as Albita, is a Grammy-winning Cuban singer and composer. Albita was born in Cuba, her parents, Martín Rodríguez and Minerva Herrera were well-known Cuban folk music singers, which ensured Albita's exposure to the world of Cuban country music from her early years. Working professionally since her teen years, by the late eighties she had attained recognition among national interpreters of Cuban folk music. In 1988, her first album, Habrá Música Guajira, was released. In 1990, work commitments took her to Colombia and from there she defected to the United States on April 15, 1993, making the southern city of Miami her place of permanent residence. Once in Miami, Albita got the attention of celebrities like Gianni Versace, Quincy Jones, Sylvester Stallone, Paco de Lucia, Tom Cruise, Nicole Kidman, among others that soon became her fans. In 1994 she was signed by Emilio Estefan's Crescent Moon label and her first single in the U. S. "Qué Manera de Quererte", was released.

In 1995, her album No Se Parece a Nada saw daylight. Her career in the U. S. has produced success. She travels extensively, performing in such places as Australia, all Europe, Africa and of course all of Latin America, she has shared the stage with Celia Cruz, Willy Chirino, Phil Collins, Tony Bennett, Gilberto Gil, Juan Luis Guerra, Daniela Mercury, Miriam Makeba, Arturo Sandoval, Paquito D’Rivera and Melissa Etheridge. She has been invited to perform for four Presidential functions, including two inaugurations. In 2004 she founded her own label "Angel's Dawn Records" under which she produced and launched her CD Albita Llegó that won her two Grammys in the category of Best Contemporary Tropical Album, her music has been featured in the soundtrack of several American and foreign films. In 2005, Albita was cast for a major role in the Broadway produced musical play The Mambo Kings, where she worked for six months to rave reviews. Albita hosts her own show La Descarga con Albita. In May of 2016 she performed in the play Carmen.

Directed by Christopher Renshaw, Carmen la Cubana played at the Théâtre du Châtelet in Paris. Habrá Música Guajira Cantare Si se da la siembra No Se Parece a Nada Dicen Que Una Mujer Como Yo Son Hecho a Mano Albita Llegó Albita Live Mis Tacones Albita List of Cubans Official site