FK Sloboda Tuzla

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Sloboda Tuzla
Club crest
Full name Fudbalski Klub Sloboda Tuzla
Nickname(s) Crveno-crni (The Red-and-blacks)
Founded 1919; 99 years ago (1919)
Ground Stadion Tušanj
Ground Capacity 10,000
President Senad Mujkanović
Head coach Admir Smajić
League Premier League BH
2017–18 Premier League BH, 10th
Website Club website

Fudbalski Klub Sloboda Tuzla (English: Football Club Sloboda Tuzla) is a Bosnian professional football club based in Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina. The English translation of the team's name is Football Club Freedom, the club is a member of the Football Association of Bosnia and Herzegovina and has been active in the Premier League of Bosnia and Herzegovina since it was founded.

History[edit]

Foundation[edit]

FK Sloboda Tuzla was founded in 1919, as a part of the Labour Sport Society Gorki, named after the great socialist Russian poet Maxim Gorky, the football club and the labour society was popular in a wide part of the sporting public in Tuzla and beyond. The club was formed on the initiative of the Tuzla branch of the newly formed Communist party of Yugoslavia, under the influence of the ideas of the October revolution of 1917 and revolutionary movements in Yugoslavia and Bosnia and Herzegovina as its integral part.

After the initial congress of unification and the creation of the Socialist Labour Party (Communists) in Yugoslavia that took place in Vukovar, Croatia in 1919, the first conference of the Tuzla municipal organisation of the SWPY(c) took place on 17 October 1919 in Tuzla. The elected party council decided on the same day to start with the formation of a worker's sporting society, the official founding of the club took place in the end of October 1919, and gathering was led by Jovo Sretenović, Mato Vidović, Safet Hadžiefendić, Ljubko Simić, Niko Trifković and Petar Dugonjić.[1]

The men elected into the first Board of directors of the club were: Leonard Bancher, Mato Vidović, Niko Trifković, Stjepan Brkljačić and Alfred Puhta, Mijo Cuvaj and Ahmed Mandžić, Franto Bauzek (locksmith), Emil Kranjčec, Jakov Čurić and Petar Dugonjić, Franjo Miškovski, Safet Hadžiefendić, August Mot and Karlo Schwartz, the origin of the original name of the sporting society, Gorki, was explained by Petar Dugonjić:

When the final preparations for the organising meeting were being dealt with, it was suggested that the club be named Sokolović, after Mićo Sokolović, a known worker's rights activist. Then Mitar Trifunović noticed: "People, few will know that we named the Club after our Mića. Most will think of Mehmed-paša Sokolović", the practical Franjo Rezač insisted we go to the meeting with a concrete name suggestion. Mitar Trifunović then said: "If no one objects, I would suggest the club bears the name of Maxim Gorky". I remember it well. Afterwards the name was accepted with enthusiasm at the meeting.[1]

The first headquarters of the club was in Rudarska Street in Tuzla, not far from Skver is today. Afterwards the headquarters moved to the building of the Jewish Bank, then to the Grand Hotel and then back to Rudarska Street, the games were played on two fields – the first one was called the Communist playground between what today are the Chemical and Mechanical high-schools and the second one was the field where the Braća Ribar primary schools stands.

All the players were workers, and the Gorki first team had the following players: Mirko Veseli, Peri Mot, Karlo Krejči, Santo Altarac, Ivica Šifer, Franto Bauzek, Mijo Josić, Lorenc Ajhberger, Vili Zaboš, Slavko Zafani, Ahmed Mandžić, Alfred Puhta, Jozo Vikić, Malaga Mustačević, Dragoslav Stakić and several others, the coach was Brato Gamberger, former player of HŠK Zrinjski.[1]

The club mostly played against other Tuzla football clubs. Namely, at the time of the formation of FK Gorki there were three other football clubs in Tuzla, Zrinjski, Obilić and Makabi, based around the Croatian, Serbian and Jewish population of Tuzla. In 1921 the Bosniak club Bura was also formed. Unlike these confessional clubs, FK Gorki was multinational and accepted members of all faiths and ethnicities.

It is important to note that the official ground of Tuzla in this period was the field of HŠK Zrinjski built in 1928 on the road to Solina from Brčanska Malta with the help of Kalman Liska, a wood merchant and president of HŠK Zrinjski.

Panoramic view of the stadium

FK Sloboda[edit]

In 1924, because of the country-wide ban of communist activities, FK Gorki was banned by the government of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes under the orders of the infamous Obznana. There was an attempt to form another worker's club, called Hajduk, but this was also banned in 1924.

Foundation and activity between 1927–1941[edit]

Thanks to the perseverance of labour activists, on 20 November 1927 the Labour-cultural and sporting society Sloboda (Bosnian: Radničko-kulturno sportsko društvo Sloboda) was formed in Tuzla. The society initially had four sections: Sports, Tamburica, Choir and Amateur theatre, the first team of the sports section was: Karlo Mot, Nikola Kemenc, Suljo Nezirović, Alfred Puhta, Safet and Ešo Isabegović, Oto and Ivica Milinović, Josip Leder and Muho Mujezinović, Karlo Schwartz, Vlado Mileusnić, Jozo Kemenc, Rihard Žlebnik, Mujo Begić and many others.

In the beginning of 1928, the sports section becomes independent and renames itself to RSK Sloboda, although officially under the influence of social-democrats, communists continue to have a substantial influence in the club, hence it is a continuation of the formerly banned FK Gorki. That is the reason the year of foundation is always considered to be 1919, the year when Gorki was formed and not 1928, the first game played by the new club was against FK Solvaj from Lukavac. Because of the discontinuation of several other Tuzla football clubs, like Obilić nad Bura, many players transferred to Sloboda and in 1928 it had a formidable team that consisted of the following players: Asim Mulaosmanović, Muho Mujeznović, Dejan Vujasinović, Mujko Mešković, Meša Selimović, Abdurahman Mujezinović Smrt, Vlado Mileusnić, Karlo Mot, Ivan Majer and others, it is a very interesting fact that Mehmed Meša Selimović, one of the greatest Bosniak writers of all time, played in Sloboda at this period.

Re-foundation in SFRY and rise to the top 1945–1992[edit]

During the time of former Yugoslavia, FK Sloboda was active in the Yugoslav First League and the team had much success, despite never winning the title, the best result was achieved in 1977 when FC Sloboda has qualified for the UEFA cup 1977–78. Unfortunately, Las Palmas from Spain was stronger, 5–0 in Spain for Las Palmas and 4–3 for FK Sloboda in Tuzla, this is a club with very rich history in former Yugoslavia giving many stars such as Mesud Nalić, Omer Jusić, Rizah Mešković, Mersed Kovačević, Fuad Mulahasanović, Ismet Hadžić, Dževad Šećerbegović, Mustafa Hukić, Midhat Memišević as well as young players members of U-20 national team such as Isanović, Ćulumarević, Milošević, Hajrulahović, Jogunčić.

Bosnian First League 1993-2000[edit]

In 1991 Sloboda was to be relegated from 1st Yugoslav league, but after Croatian and Slovenian teams left Yugoslav 1st league Sloboda was there for season 1992 but left leaugue with Željezničar, Sarajevo and Velež after breakout of war, until 2000 Sloboda played First League of NFSBiH, after 2000 Sloboda played Premier League of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Season 1994-1995 was first season of Bosnian First League, Sloboda won Tuzla Group but lost in First Play Off Round from Bosna Visoko,and reached finals of National Cup, but lost to Čelik Zenica.

Next season saw Sloboda wining third place in League, top scorer was Nedim Omerović with 17 goals, same thing happens again in Cup, losing to Čelik.

In season 1996-1997 Sloboda declined and ended up tenth in First League; in Season 1997-1998 Sloboda missed Championship Playoff with Croat teams by 3 points.

Season 1998-1999 was turbulent one, by the end of first half of championship Sloboda was in relegation zone, on winter Mustafa Hukić took club over and made great success by reaching fifth place.

Season 1999-2000 started with huge expectations, fans expected great things, but on August 7th manager of Sloboda Mustafa Hukić died in car crash, and Sloboda ended up in 7th place and runner up in 3 team finals of National Cup.

Number of great players played for team during these years such as Vedin Musić, Muhamed Konjić, Sakib Malkočević, Nedim Omerović.

Premijer League, decline and relegation 2000-2012[edit]

Federal league, back in top flight 2012-[edit]

After 42 years Sloboda was relegated to Federal league in 2011-12 season, they came back after their 2nd season of being relegated. They were the leaders of the first part of the 2015–16 Premier League of Bosnia and Herzegovina. As of March 7, 2016 the team are on an 18-game unbeaten run in the Premier League of Bosnia and Herzegovina dating back to November 18, 2014.

Supporters[edit]

Home team supporters from Stadion Tušanj are known as Fukare Tuzla established in 1987, the name originated from Red-Black Killers in the early 1970s.[2]

Honours[edit]

National[edit]

Active competitions
Defunct competitions

European[edit]

European records[edit]

UEFA Europa League
Season Competition Round Opponent Home Away Agg.
1977–78 UEFA Cup 1Q Spain Las Palmas 4–3 0–5 4–8 Symbol delete vote.svg
2016–17 UEFA Europa League 1Q Israel Beitar Jerusalem 0–0 0–1 0–1 Symbol delete vote.svg
UEFA Intertoto Cup
Season Competition Round Opponent Home Away Agg.
2003 UEFA Intertoto Cup 1Q Iceland KA Akureyri 1–1 1–1 1–1 (p: 3-2) Symbol keep vote.svg
2Q Belgium Lierse 1–0 1–5 2–5 Symbol delete vote.svg
2004 UEFA Intertoto Cup 1Q Slovenia Celje 1–0 1–2 2–2 Symbol keep vote.svg
2Q Slovakia Spartak Trnava 0–1 1–2 1–3 Symbol delete vote.svg

Current squad[edit]

As of 18 July 2018

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
2 Bosnia and Herzegovina DF Borislav Terzić
5 Bosnia and Herzegovina DF Adnan Salihović
11 Bosnia and Herzegovina MF Edis Smajić
13 Bosnia and Herzegovina GK Azir Muminović
19 Bosnia and Herzegovina MF Armin Hodžić
21 Bosnia and Herzegovina MF Dino Hodžić
28 Bosnia and Herzegovina DF Perica Ivetić (captain)
99 Bosnia and Herzegovina MF Semir Musić
TBD Bosnia and Herzegovina GK Goran Vukliš
TBD Serbia GK Goran Čokorilo
TBD Bosnia and Herzegovina DF Muamer Adžem
TBD Serbia DF Aleksandar Ignjatović
No. Position Player
TBD Bosnia and Herzegovina DF Adnan Mujkić
TBD Bosnia and Herzegovina DF Edin Salkić
TBD Bosnia and Herzegovina DF Safet Šivšić
TBD Croatia DF Tony Livančić
TBD Bosnia and Herzegovina MF Muharem Čivić
TBD Bosnia and Herzegovina MF Adis Hadžanović
TBD Bosnia and Herzegovina MF Omar Pršeš
TBD Croatia MF Ivan Baraban
TBD Bosnia and Herzegovina MF Mehmed Alispahić
TBD Bosnia and Herzegovina MF Said Husejinović
TBD Bosnia and Herzegovina MF Muris Pirić
TBD Bosnia and Herzegovina FW Antonio Vidović

Managers[edit]

Presidents[edit]

  • Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Ante Raos
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina Salko Bukvarević
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina Enver Bijedić
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina Salih Šabović
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina Davud Zahirović
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina Mersad Kovačević
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina Azmir Husić
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina Senad Mujkanović

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c RSD Sloboda Tuzla 1919–1989, a monography commemorating 70 years of the club
  2. ^ "Fukare Tuzla – najvjernija armija!". fksloboda.ba. 22 August 2015. 

External links[edit]