In electronics and electrical engineering, a fuse is an electrical safety device that operates to provide overcurrent protection of an electrical circuit. Its essential component is a metal wire or strip that melts when too much current flows through it, thereby interrupting the current, it is a sacrificial device. Fuses have been used as essential safety devices from the early days of electrical engineering. Today there are thousands of different fuse designs which have specific current and voltage ratings, breaking capacity and response times, depending on the application; the time and current operating characteristics of fuses are chosen to provide adequate protection without needless interruption. Wiring regulations define a maximum fuse current rating for particular circuits. Short circuits, mismatched loads, or device failure are the prime reasons for fuse operation. A fuse is an automatic means of removing power from a faulty system. Circuit breakers can be used as an alternative to fuses, but have different characteristics.
Breguet recommended the use of reduced-section conductors to protect telegraph stations from lightning strikes. A variety of wire or foil fusible elements were in use to protect telegraph cables and lighting installations as early as 1864. A fuse was patented by Thomas Edison in 1890 as part of his electric distribution system. A fuse consists of a metal strip or wire fuse element, of small cross-section compared to the circuit conductors, mounted between a pair of electrical terminals, enclosed by a non-combustible housing; the fuse is arranged in series to carry all the current passing through the protected circuit. The resistance of the element generates heat due to the current flow; the size and construction of the element is determined so that the heat produced for a normal current does not cause the element to attain a high temperature. If too high a current flows, the element rises to a higher temperature and either directly melts, or else melts a soldered joint within the fuse, opening the circuit.
The fuse element is made of zinc, silver, aluminum, or alloys to provide stable and predictable characteristics. The fuse ideally would carry its rated current indefinitely, melt on a small excess; the element must not be damaged by minor harmless surges of current, must not oxidize or change its behavior after years of service. The fuse elements may be shaped to increase heating effect. In large fuses, current may be divided between multiple strips of metal. A dual-element fuse may contain a metal strip that melts on a short-circuit, contain a low-melting solder joint that responds to long-term overload of low values compared to a short-circuit. Fuse elements may be supported by steel or nichrome wires, so that no strain is placed on the element, but a spring may be included to increase the speed of parting of the element fragments; the fuse element may be surrounded by air, or by materials intended to speed the quenching of the arc. Silica sand or non-conducting liquids may be used. A maximum current that the fuse can continuously conduct without interrupting the circuit.
The speed at which a fuse blows depends on how much current flows through it and the material of which the fuse is made. The operating time decreases as the current increases. Fuses have different characteristics of operating time compared to current. A standard fuse may require twice its rated current to open in one second, a fast-blow fuse may require twice its rated current to blow in 0.1 seconds, a slow-blow fuse may require twice its rated current for tens of seconds to blow. Fuse selection depends on the load's characteristics. Semiconductor devices may use a fast or ultrafast fuse as semiconductor devices heat when excess current flows; the fastest blowing fuses are designed for the most sensitive electrical equipment, where a short exposure to an overload current could be damaging. Normal fast-blow fuses are the most general purpose fuses. A time-delay fuse is designed to allow a current, above the rated value of the fuse to flow for a short period of time without the fuse blowing; these types of fuse are used on equipment such as motors, which can draw larger than normal currents for up to several seconds while coming up to speed.
Manufacturers can provide a plot of current vs time plotted on logarithmic scales, to characterize the device and to allow comparison with the characteristics of protective devices upstream and downstream of the fuse. The I2t rating is related to the amount of energy let through by the fuse element when it clears the electrical fault; this term is used in short circuit conditions and the values are used to perform co-ordination studies in electrical networks. I2t parameters are provided by charts in manufacturer data sheets for each fuse family. For coordination of fuse operation with upstream or downstream devices, both melting I2t and clearing I2t are specified; the melting I2t is proportional to the amount of energy required to begin melting the fuse element. The clearing I2t is proportional to the total energy let through by the fuse; the energy is dependent on current and time for fuses as well as the available fault level and system voltage. Since the I2t rating of the fuse is proportional to the energy it lets through, it is a measure of the thermal damage from the heat and magnetic forces that will be produced by a fault.
Framingham State University
Framingham State University is a public university in Framingham, Massachusetts. It offers undergraduate programs in a range of subjects, including art and communication arts, graduate programs, including MBA, MEd, MS; as the first secretary of the newly created Board of Education in Massachusetts, Horace Mann instituted school reforms that included the creation of an experimental normal school, the first one in the United States, in Lexington, in July 1839. Cyrus Peirce was its first principal or president. A second normal school was opened in September 1839 in West Barre followed by Bridgewater State College the next year. Growth forced the first normal school's relocation to West Newton in 1843, followed in 1853 by a move to the present site on Bare Hill in Framingham. In 1922, the Framingham Normal School granted its first Bachelor of Science in Education degrees in conjunction with a four-year study program. Ten years with degreed teachers becoming the norm, the normal schools were renamed State Teachers Colleges.
The name was changed in 1960 to the State College at Framingham when Bachelor of Arts degrees were added. At present, Masters' of Education and Science degrees are granted as well. In 2007, the college began offering the Master's of Business Administration degree. In October 2010, seven of the state colleges became state universities, unaffiliated with the University of Massachusetts system; the measure was signed into law by Massachusetts Governor Deval Patrick on July 28, 2010. The school has had several names in the past: 1839 opened as The Normal School in Lexington 1844 designated The Normal School in West Newton 1845 designated The State Normal School in West Newton 1853 designated The State Normal School in Framingham 1865 designated The Framingham Normal School 1889 designated The Framingham State Normal School 1932 became State Teachers College at Framingham 1945 became Framingham State Teachers College 1960 became State College at Framingham 1965 became Framingham State College 2010 became Framingham State University The 73-acre campus is located in Framingham, Massachusetts.
Seven residence halls house over 1,500 students. The Henry Whittemore Library has over 200,000 volumes, access to over 70,000 electronic journals, includes Archives and Special Collections. In 2007, the school signed the American University Presidents Climate Commitment; that year, Massachusetts issued Executive Order No. 484, which mandated reductions in greenhouse gas emissions and energy consumption for all state agencies and institutions. Greenhouse gases must be reduced 80% by 2050. In 2010, the school adopted a plan to convert its heating plant to natural gas and to convert its central chilled water plant to electric chillers. Framingham State University was named a "Green College" by the Princeton Review in 2010 and 2011, it was one of 22 schools in Massachusetts to receive the distinction, one of 311 nationwide. It was named to the list again in 2013. Framingham State University is led by an eleven-member Board of Trustees; the governor appoints nine trustees to five-year terms. The Framingham State University Alumni Association elects one trustee for a single five-year term.
The student body elects one student trustee for a one-year term. In addition to five full board meetings each year, which are open to the public, the board meets in standing committees; the University’s annual budget is $105 million, the school has 775 full and part-time employees. Framingham State University has an Office of Leadership Development, it has a small campus which sits on 77 acres. All Framingham State University teams compete at the NCAA Division III level. All teams compete in the Massachusetts State College Athletic Conference. Men's programs include baseball, cross country, basketball, ice hockey, soccer. Women's programs include cross country, softball, field hockey and volleyball. All teams compete on campus, except for the baseball and softball teams who play on fields off-campus, as well as the ice hockey team who skates at the Loring Arena in Framingham; the university offers a wide variety of intramural programs that include everything from badminton, to golf, to dodgeball.
There is a state-of-the-art athletic and recreation center that includes basketball courts, a volleyball court, a weight room. In 2007, the women's soccer team was awarded the NCAA Sportsmanship Award; the Framingham State football program has seen several successful seasons in recent years. The Rams won the Massachusetts State College Athletic Conference regular season championship four straight years. In 2011, 2012, 2013 the team took the title as New England Football Conference Bogan Division champions, outright champions in 2012. In 2010, the program won its first ECAC Northeast Bowl; the Rams participated in the 2013 NCAA Division III Football Championships, losing to SUNY Cortland in the first-round. Anna Brackett, nineteenth century philosopher, educator Olivia A. Davidson, co-founder of Tuskegee Institute and wife of Booker T. Washington Jennie Howard, member of a pioneering group of educators who founded normal schools in Argentina Paul J. LeBlanc, President of Southern New Hampshire University.
Center and memorial on campus in McAuliffe's honor. Brian J. Moran, Chair of the Democratic Party of Virginia Rebecca Pennell, first woman college professor in the United States, niece of Horace Mann Charlotte Champe Stearns, mother of T. S. Eliot. Richard Thompson, Member of the Maine House of R
California State University, Fresno
California State University, Fresno is a public university in Fresno, California. It is one of 23 campuses within the California State University system; the university had a Fall 2016 enrollment of 24,405 students. It offers bachelor's degrees in 60 areas of study, 45 master's degrees, 3 doctoral degrees, 12 certificates of advanced study, 2 different teaching credentials; the university's unique facilities include an on-campus planetarium, on-campus raisin and wine grape vineyards, a commercial winery, where student-made wines have won over 300 awards since 1997. Members of Fresno State's nationally ranked Top 10 Equestrian Team have the option of housing their horses on campus, next to indoor and outdoor arenas. Fresno State has a 50,000-square-foot Student Recreation Center and the third-largest library, in terms of square footage, in the California State University system; the university is classified as a doctoral university with moderate research activity in the Carnegie Classification, as of the February 1, 2016 update.
Fresno State was founded as the Fresno State Normal School in 1911 with Charles Lourie McLane as its first president. The original campus was. In 1956, Fresno State moved its campus to its present location in the northeast part of the city and FCC bought the old campus and moved back in, it became Fresno State College in 1949. It became a charter institution of the California State University System in 1961. In 1972 the name was changed to California State University, Fresno; the greater campus extends from Bulldog Stadium on the west boundary to Highway 168 on the east side. The University Agricultural Laboratory designates the northern boundary of the campus, while Shaw Avenue designates the southern edge; the 388 acres main campus features more than 46 modern buildings. An additional 34 structures are on the 1,011 acre University Agricultural Laboratory, used for agronomic and horticulture crops, swine, dairy and sheep units as well as several hundred acres of cattle rangeland. Fresno State was designated as an arboretum in 1979 and now has more than 3200 trees on campus.
Fresno State operates the first university-based commercial winery in the United States. The Henry Madden Library is a main resource for recorded knowledge and information supporting the teaching and service functions of Fresno State; because of its size and depth, it is an important community and regional resource and a key part of the institution's role as a regional university. The library underwent a $105 million renovation, completed in February 2009; the library held its grand opening on February 19, 2009 and is now home to a variety of book collections. The library houses 1,000,000 books in its 327,920 sq ft; the library is home to the largest installation of compact shelving on any single floor in the United States. The shelves amount to over 20 miles in length, it is the third largest library in the CSU system, among the top ten largest in the CSU system based on the number of volumes. It is the largest academic building on the Fresno State campus; the five-story building features seating areas for 4,000 people, group study rooms, wireless access and a Starbucks.
Public computers are available. Student and staff have access to over 200 wireless laptops, a media production lab for editing digital video and audio, an instruction and collaboration center for teaching information literacy skills. Reference assistance can be accessed by telephone, e-mail, instant messaging, text messaging, in-person in the Library; the Henry Madden Library features a number of special collections such as the Arne Nixon Center, a research center for the study of children's and young adult literature, the Central Valley Political Archive. Michael Gorman, the former dean of the Library, was the President of the American Library Association in 2005–2006; as of 2017, Delritta Hornbuckle is the Library's Dean. Fresno State was the first of all 23 CSU campuses to offer an individual-campus doctorate. At the graduate level, Fresno State offers the following nationally ranked programs: part-time MBA, Physical Therapy, Speech-Language Pathology, Social Work. A joint doctoral program in collaboration with San Jose State University for a doctor of nursing practice degree is administered through Fresno State University.
California State University, Fresno is accredited by the National Council for the Accreditation of Teacher Education and the Western Association of Schools and Colleges. The five engineering programs in the Lyles College of Engineering are each accredited by the Engineering Accreditation Commission of ABET; the Craig School of Business is AACSB accredited. The university is classified by the U. S. Federal government as an Asian American Native American Pacific Islander-Serving Institution and an Hispanic-serving institution because the Hispanic undergraduate full-time-equivalent student enrollment is greater than 25%. Jordan College of Agricultural Sciences and Technology College of Arts and Humanities Craig School of Business Kremen School of Education and Human Development Lyles College of Engineering College of Health and Human Services College of Science and Mathematics College of Social Sciences The Smittcamp Family Honors College is a program providing top high school graduates a paid President's Scholarship, which includes tuition and housing, as well as other amenities for the duration of their studies.
Admission to the Smittcamp Family Honors College is competitive and candid
Florida State University
Florida State University is a public space-grant and sea-grant research university in Tallahassee, Florida. It is a senior member of the State University System of Florida. Founded in 1851, it is located on the oldest continuous site of higher education in the state of Florida; the university is classified as a Research University with Very High Research by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. The university comprises 16 separate colleges and more than 110 centers, facilities and institutes that offer more than 360 programs of study, including professional school programs; the university has an annual budget of over $1.7 billion and an annual economic impact of over $10 billion. Florida State is home to Florida's only National Laboratory, the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, is the birthplace of the commercially viable anti-cancer drug Taxol. Florida State University operates The John & Mable Ringling Museum of Art, the State Art Museum of Florida and one of the largest museum/university complexes in the nation.
The university is accredited by the Southern Association of Schools. For 2019, U. S. News & World Report ranked Florida State as the 26th best public university in the United States in the national university category. Florida State University is one of Florida's three state-designated "preeminent universities." FSU's intercollegiate sports teams known by their "Florida State Seminoles" nickname, compete in National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I and the Atlantic Coast Conference. In their 113-year history, Florida State's varsity sports teams have won 20 national athletic championships and Seminole athletes have won 78 individual NCAA national championships. In 1819 the Florida Territory was ceded to the United States by Spain as an element of the Adams–Onís Treaty; the Territory was conventionally split by the Appalachicola or the Suwannee rivers into East and West areas. Florida State University is traceable to a plan set by the 1823 U. S. Congress to create a system of higher education.
The 1838 Florida Constitution codified the basic system by providing for land allocated for the schools. In 1845 Florida became the 27th State of the United States, which permitted the resources and intent of the 1823 Congress regarding education in Florida to be implemented; the Legislature of the State of Florida, in a Legislative Act of January 24, 1851, provided for the establishment of the two institutions of learning on opposite sides of the Suwannee River. The Legislature declared the purpose of these institutions to be "the instruction of persons, both male and female, in the art of teaching all the various branches that pertain to a good common school education. By 1854 the City of Tallahassee had established a school for boys called the Florida Institute, with the hope that the State could be induced to take it over as one of the seminaries. In 1856, Tallahassee Mayor Francis W. Eppes again offered the Institute's land and building to the Legislature; the bill to locate the Seminary in Tallahassee passed both houses and was signed by the Governor on January 1, 1857.
On February 7, 1857, the first meeting of the Board of Education of the State Seminary West of the Suwannee River was held, the institution began offering post-secondary instruction to male students. Francis Eppes served as President of the Seminary's Board of Education for eight years. In 1858 the seminary absorbed the Tallahassee Female Academy, established in 1843, became coeducational; the West Florida Seminary was located on the former Florida Institute property, a hill where the historic Westcott Building now stands. The location is the oldest continuously used site of higher education in Florida; the area west of the state Capitol and ominously known as Gallows Hill, a place for public executions in early Tallahassee. In 1860–61 the legislature started formal military training at the school with a law amending the original 1851 statute. During the Civil War, the seminary became The Florida Collegiate Institute. Enrollment at the school increased to around 250 students with the school establishing itself as the largest and most respected educational institution in the state.
Cadets from the school defeated Union forces at the Battle of Natural Bridge in 1865, leaving Tallahassee as the only Confederate capital east of the Mississippi River not to fall to Union forces. The students were trained by Valentine Mason Johnson, a graduate of Virginia Military Institute, a professor of mathematics and the chief administrator of the college. After the fall of the Confederacy, campus buildings were occupied by Union military forces for four months and the West Florida Seminary reverted to its former academic purpose. In recognition of the cadets, their pivotal role in the battle, the Florida State University Army ROTC cadet corps displays a battle streamer bearing the words "NATURAL BRIDGE 1865" with its flag; the FSU Army ROTC is one of only four collegiate military units in the United States with permission to display such a pennant. In 1883 the institution, now long known as the West Florida Seminary, was organized by the Board of Education as The Literary College of the University of Florida.
The legislative act passed in 1885, bestowing upon the institution the title of the University of Florida, has never been repealed. Under the new university charter, the seminary became the institution's Literary College, was to contain several "schools" or departments in different disciplines. However, in the new university association the seminary'
Frostburg State University
Frostburg State University is a public university in Frostburg, Maryland. The university is the only four-year institution of the University System of Maryland west of the Baltimore-Washington passageway in the state's Appalachian highlands. Founded in 1898 by Maryland Governor Lloyd Lowndes, Jr. Frostburg was selected because the site offered the best suitable location without a cost to the state. Today, the institution is a residential university. With an enrollment of 5,396 students, the university offers 47 undergraduate majors, 16 graduate programs, a doctorate in educational leadership; the university is accredited by the Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools and places primary emphasis on its role as a teaching and learning institution. What was "Frostburg State Normal School No. 2" was founded by an act of the Maryland General Assembly, House Bill 742, from the General Appropriation Bill, on March 31, 1898. The bill was offered on the floor by John Leake of Vale Summit in Allegany County: For the direction of the erection of a building in Frostburg, Allegany County to be known as The State Normal School No.
2, for the sum of $20,000. The State Board of Education selected and the town of Frostburg paid for the two-acre Beall Park as the location of the new school on August 9, 1898; the cornerstone was laid in a ceremony on September 4, 1899. The Normal School's first building, Old Main, was positioned in Beall Park to face Loo Street and to look down Wood Street toward the downtown area of Frostburg. State Normal School No. 2, the first institution being located in Baltimore and Towson, opened with its first class on September 15, 1902, with 57 students with Frostburg's first administrator, Principal Dr. Edward D. Murdaugh. In 1904, eight students became the first graduates of the college, receiving a diploma and a lifetime teaching certificate. In 1912, a new gymnasium was authorized and completed in 1914. In 1919, a dormitory was opened. In 1925, a second dormitory was opened. In 1927, Allegany Hall, a new auditorium and heating plant was added. In 1930, a six-room practice elementary school known as the new laboratory school was opened and the campus was extended to 40 acres, taking over the Brownsville area of Frostburg.
The institution's original mission was to train teachers for public school systems statewide. In 1935, the school was renamed "State Teachers' College at Frostburg" and began offering a four-year degree program leading to a bachelor of science in elementary education, after expanding the curriculum from two to three years in 1931 and 1934, respectively. Lillian Cleveland Compton served as the first female president of the college from 1945 to 1954. Compton replaced the 21-year President John L. Dunkle, her mission as president was to prepare the college for its planned closing. Enrollment stood at a mere 62 students in 1945. With outdated facilities and inadequate funding, the college was accredited only by the State Department of Education; as early as 1943, there had arisen in the General Assembly a movement to close the institution, which culminated in the Marbury Report. The end of World War II brought a drastic change in the college's environment. In 1946, enrollment increased to 274 students, many being admitted under the new G.
I. Bill. Though the movement to close the college persisted, it seemed misguided to those on the scene and was roundly opposed by both private citizens and civic groups in Frostburg and Western Maryland. With the strong support of State Superintendent of Schools Thomas Granville Pullen, Jr. and Governor William Preston Lane Jr. the General Assembly was petitioned to keep the School open and the Marbury Commission's recommendations died without being acted upon. In 1947, the American Council on Education suggested that Frostburg State Teachers College be closed; the report states: Your Commission does feel obligated to recommend the prompt discontinuance of the State Teachers College at Frostburg. We are convinced that the cost of operating this unit is not justified by the small number of its graduates who are entering the school system of the state as teachers. In reaching this conclusion, we have been influenced by the report of our survey staff as to the present condition of the physical facilities at Frostburg.
It is apparent that the state faces a heavy capital expenditure if operations at that location are to be continued. Frankly, such an outlay seems to us to be an indefensible waste of public money... The facilities in Towson are adequate to care for all the students at Frostburg who are now studying to become teachers. Under Compton's leadership, the institution celebrated its 50th anniversary in the 1949-1950 academic year, enrollment grew from 62 students in 1945 to 500 in 1954, the faculty increased from 13 to 34 members, the size of the campus increased from eight to 40 acres of land. In addition to plant expansion, she initiated programs in curriculum development, adding a program to train junior high school teachers. R. Bowen Hardesty replaced Compton as President in 1955; the continued southern expansion of the college caused the Brownsville Schools and homes along Park Avenue to be demolished by 1955 to make way for Compton and Simpson Halls. A new school-also known as the Lincoln School, the current home of the University's Public Safety office-was constructed in the late 1950s.
However, the building was used for only two years until national integration laws reassigned students to other Fro
Fitchburg State University
Fitchburg State University is a public university in Fitchburg, Massachusetts. It has over 3,500 undergraduate and over 1650 graduate/continuing education students, for a total student body enrollment over 5200; the university offers graduate degrees in 25 academic disciplines. The main campus, the McKay Campus School, athletic fields occupy 79 acres in the city of Fitchburg. Fitchburg State University was founded as the State Normal School in Fitchburg in 1894 by the state legislature, its first President was John G. Thompson. A secondary-education school for women, the Normal School was not authorized to grant bachelor's degrees until 1930, after the presidency of William D. Parkinson, during Dr. Charles M. Herlihy's tenure. In 1932, that authorization was extended to all academic disciplines in Education. At the same time, the name was changed to State Teachers College at Fitchburg. Dr. Charles M. Herlihy died while in office and was succeeded by Dr. William J. Sanders and Ellis F. White. During Ralph H. Weston's presidency of the college, the Education program was the primary focus.
That changed in 1960, when the school changed its name to State College at Fitchburg and added degree programs outside of Education. In 1965, the college's name evolved into Fitchburg State College. James J. Hammond, Dr. Vincent J. Mara, Dr. Michael P. Riccards were the next three presidents of the school and added many buildings to the campus, most notably what are now called the Hammond Building and Mara Village. Under the guidance of President Robert V. Antonucci, the university focused on enhancing its buildings and grounds in addition to growing its academic programs; the school focused on renovations and rehabilitation of underused buildings and areas as opposed to extensive building. Notable buildings include the 3,500-square-foot campus police station and the Antonucci Science Complex, which included new construction combined with the renovation of the Condike Science Building, in 2011. Continuing Education at the institution began in the summer of 1915. In 1935 the first graduate programs were established.
In July 2010, the Massachusetts House of Representatives and Senate voted to rename Fitchburg State College to Fitchburg State University. The measure was signed into law by Massachusetts Governor Deval Patrick on July 28, 2010. President Richard S. Lapidus has established the Office for Institutional Research and Planning, a central service division that provides guidance and data analytic support to senior leaders, advised in the creation of the campus Veterans Center, one part of a larger diversity initiative that affords veteran students a gathering place; the university has since been designated a Military Friendly campus. The university housed students in buildings that now surround the alumni quad. Hammond Hall contains the Amelia V. Gallucci-Cirio Library, the Information Desk, the Game Room, the Falcon Hub, the Follet Bookstore, the Campus Center Cafe, the North Street Bistro; the third floor houses the student services center which includes the tutor center, math center, writing center, disability services, counseling services, among others.
Amelia V. Gallucci-Cirio Library is the main library on campus with over 1 million books, rolls of microfiche and periodicals, on four floors, it has an extensive collection of young adults books. The Library holds many special collections from notable alumni and local residents; these special collections include works from Robert Cormier, well-known author for young adults, R. A. Salvatore, a prolific fantasy writer, well known for his Forgotten Realms novels and The DemonWars Saga. There are works by Richard Kent, former music teacher for whom Kent Recital Hall was named, Ernst Fandreyer's translation of Gauss' proof, works by William Wolkovich-Valkavicius, as well as papers by John Ellis Van Courtland Moon, former professor of history. Thompson Hall, built in 1896, was the University's original building, it is now a classroom building. It is home to the Nursing Department and its laboratories, including a 10-bed mock hospital, equipped to be used in case of an emergency on campus; when the Hammond Campus Center was built, a tunnel that ran to the former Palmer House dormitory was made into a thoroughfare between the second level of the new building and the basement of Thompson Hall.
Edgerly Hall was first used as "an eighth-grade model and practice school," which made it one of the first junior high schools in America. It is now home to the Computer Science and Mathematics departments, plus computer labs and classrooms. Percival Hall is directly across the Quad from Edgerly and is the home of the Behavioral Science department, including Psychology and Criminal Justice It houses Percival Auditorium, which seats 400, classrooms. Miller Hall sits near Percival Hall and Thompson Hall, houses offices for the English and History departments; the Anthony Student Service Center is the student service center on campus, hosting offices for Admissions, Financial Aid, Student Accounts and Continuing Education and the OneCard office. The Dupont Facilities Building houses the schools maintenance department; the Antonucci Science Complex houses science classrooms and departmental offices, as well as a 90-seat lecture hall. In 2013, construction
Financial Services Union
The Financial Services Union is a trade union representing staff in the finance sector in the Republic of Ireland, Northern Ireland, those employed by Irish financial institutions in Great Britain and overseas. The origins of the union lie in a meeting at the Glentworth Hotel in Limerick in 1917; this led to the formation of the Irish Bank Officials Association the following year at the Mansion House in Dublin. Always an all-Ireland organisation, since the 1960s, it has represented employees of Irish banks in Britain. In 1992, the union led a major strike. Although this led to a short-term drop in membership, in the long-term the union believes it helped it secure better rights for its members and promoted membership growth; the union was renamed as IBOA The Finance Union in 2007. Its membership reached a peak of 25,000 in 2008, but fell to 15,000 during the global financial crisis, it began admitting workers in non-banking companies which provide outsourced services to banks, in recognition of this, became the Financial Services Union in 2016.
In 2018 Dermot Ryan succeeded Larry Broderick as General Secretary. At its May 2018 conference the Union marked the centenary of its foundation. Sharon McAuley is the elected President of the Financial Services Union, her term runs from 2018-2021. Following the departure of Dermot Ryan, Gareth Murphy was appointed Acting General Secretary in October 2018. 1948: John Titterington 1973: Job Stott 1989: Ciaran Ryan 2000: Larry Broderick 2018: Dermot Ryan 2018: Gareth Murphy Paul Rouse and Mark Duncan. Handling Change: A History of the Irish Bank Officials' Association. Cork: The Collins Press. ISBN 978-1848891418. Republic of Ireland