FX is an American pay television channel owned by the Walt Disney Television unit of The Walt Disney Company through FX Networks, LLC. It is based at the 20th Century Fox lot in California. Launched on June 1, 1994, the network's original programming aspires to the standards of premium cable channels such as HBO, Starz in regard to mature themes and content, high-quality writing and acting, sister channels such as FXX and FXM. FX carries reruns of theatrical films and terrestrial-network sitcoms, advertising-free content was available through the FX+ premium subscription service until it was shut down on August 21, 2019; as of September 2018, FX is available to 89.2 million television households in the United States. In addition to the flagship U. S. network, the "FX" name is licensed to a number of related pay television channels in various countries around the world. FX stylized as "fX", launched on June 1, 1994. Broadcasting from a large "apartment" in Manhattan's Flatiron District, fX was one of the first forays into large-scale interactive television.
The channel centered on original programming, broadcast live every day from the "fX Apartment," and rebroadcasts of classic television shows from the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s, such as Batman, Wonder Woman, Eight Is Enough and the Professor and The Green Hornet. FX had two taglines during this period: "TV Made Fresh Daily" and "The World's First Living Television Network"; the "f" in the channel's name and logo was rendered in lower-case to portray a type of relaxed friendliness. The live shows were each focused on one broad topic. Shows included Personal fX, The Pet Department, Under Scrutiny with Jane Wallace and Sound fX; the channel's flagship show, Breakfast Time, hosted by Laurie Hibberd and Tom Bergeron, was formatted like an informal magazine show and was an Americanized version of Great Britain's The Big Breakfast. Breakfast Time and Personal fX would feature the channel's "roving reporters" – which included Suzanne Whang, John Burke and Phil Keoghan – visiting unique places around the United States live via satellite.
Other notable fX personalities included Karyn Bryant and Orlando Jones, who were panelists on Sound fX. The channel prided itself on its interactivity with viewers. FX, in 1994, was an early adopter of the internet, embracing e-mail and the World Wide Web as methods of feedback. Most of the shows would feature instant responses to e-mailed questions, one show, was devoted to responding to viewer mail, whether sent through e-mail or traditional postal mail. Select viewers were allowed to spend a day at the "apartment" and take part in all of the channel's shows. Inside the channel's syndicated programming blocks, channel hosts would appear during commercial breaks to read news headlines, respond to e-mails from viewers about the episode, airing, or to promote upcoming programming; the first incarnation of fX was not available on Time Warner Cable, one of the major cable systems in New York City, where its programming originated. TWC would not carry the channel until September 2001; the live shows disappeared one by one until only Personal fX remained.
Breakfast Time was moved to the Fox network and renamed Fox After Breakfast in mid-1996. It underwent several format changes, but never found a substantial audience and was canceled less than a year later. By the time that all live programming was dropped, the channel focused on its classic television shows until its relaunch in mid-1997. Personal fX remained on the refocused FX until May 1, 1998. FX vacated the "apartment" in the summer of 1998 and the channel's operations were streamlined with the other Fox-owned subscription channels. In early 1997, fX was relaunched as "FX: Fox Gone Cable", refocusing the channel's target audience towards men aged 18 to 49. During the first few years after its relaunch, FX was known for little else than airing reruns of such Fox shows as The X-Files and Married... with Children, as well as 20th Century Fox-produced shows such as M*A*S*H and Buffy the Vampire Slayer. The channel added Major League Baseball games to its lineup at that time, expanded its sports programming to include NASCAR races in 2001.
In the summer of 1998, FX debuted three original series: Bobcat's Big Ass Show, Instant Comedy with the Groundlings and Penn & Teller's Sin City Spectacular. All three series were cancelled the following year. Soon after its relaunch, the "Fox Gone Cable" tagline was dropped. By 1999, new original TV shows were added with the debut of shows such as Son of the Beach and The X Show; the channel acquired the pay-TV syndication rights to reruns of series such as Ally McBeal, NYPD Blue and The Practice for then-record high prices unseen in the pay-TV industry despite all three 20th Century Fox Television series being under common ownership. Beginning in 2002, the channel emerged as a major force in original pay-TV programming, gaining both acclaim and notoriety for edgy dramas; that year, FX debuted the polic
"American-Born Confused Desi" is a term used to refer to South Asian Americans born or raised in the United States, in contrast to those who were born overseas and settled in the USA. "ABCD" or "American-Born Confused Desi" has become a polarizing factor in the Indian and other South Asian diaspora in the US, with first-generation immigrant parents and young South Asians of second or generations. According to some, the term has "perpetual foreigner" connotations, it has been noted that the term differs from existing patterns of immigrant designation in American English. For example, Peter Thiel is considered a "German-born American," and Elon Musk is considered a "South African-born American." In both of these cases, the first demographic word refers to the person's citizenship at birth, the second refers to his citizenship at present. Though the term was coined in reference to Indian-Americans, it has been adopted by the South Asian community at large; the term "desi" comes from the word "des" in several Indian languages.
The word has its origin in Sanskrit "desha". "Desi" means "of the homeland" and denotes anyone from South Asia. The term has been known since at least the 1980s; the term "confused" is used to describe the psychological state of many second-generation South Asian Americans who struggle to balance values and traditions taught at home with attitudes and practices that are more conducive to the majority white culture. The longer and lesser known form "American Born Confused Desi, Emigrated From Gujarat, House In Jersey" is occasionally seen; the former version of the A—Z expansion was proposed by South Asian immigrants as a reaction to the latter version that derogated them."Confused Americanized Desi" is a related term, which refers to people of South Asian origin who are both born and living in the subcontinent but tend to follow western lifestyle and values. Coconuts is a term used which refers to people who are "white from the inside and brown from the outside". Among South Asian Americans, the term may be considered divisive, as first generation South Asian Americans use it to criticize the Americanization and lack of belonging to either Indian, Asian or American culture they perceive in their second-generation peers or children.
Writer Vijay Prashad describes the term as "ponderous and overused" and notes it as one of the mechanisms by which new immigrants attempt to make second-generation youth feel "culturally inadequate and unfinished.". The term American-Born Confused Desi first appeared in the movies American Desi. ABCD: American-Born Confused Desi is a 2013 Malayalam language movie released in India; the film narrates the journey of two young American Malayalees to their motherland, with the title based on the term "American-Born Confused Desi". ABCD – American Born Confused Desi is a Telugu language movie, remake of the Malayalam film. American-born Chinese V. Smitha, "ABCDs: American Born Confused Desis", Boloji.com, archived from the original on 2008-04-16, retrieved 2008-04-17 Hidier, Tanuja Desai, Born Confused, New York: Scholastic Press, ISBN 978-0-439-35762-3 Kurella, Vidya, "From Confused to Confident: How do you say your name?", ABCDlady: A Magazine for the American Born Confident Desi, retrieved 2008-04-17 Hoque, Maher, "A Former Coconut's Guide to Getting Cultured", Sapna Magazine Online, archived from the original on September 28, 2007, retrieved 2008-04-17 Ojha, Ajay K.
Humor: A distinctive way of speaking that can create cultural identity, Journal of Intercultural Communication Research, p. 161, Vol. 32, No. 3, September 2003. Souter, Kay.
Angels' Carol is a popular sacred choral piece by John Rutter for Christmas. He wrote his own text, beginning "Have you heard the sound of the angel voices", three stanzas with the refrain "Gloria in excelsis Deo", it has been part of recordings of collections of Christmas music, including one conducted by the composer. Rutter first composed Angels’ Carol in the 1980s to be performed by the winners of a competition choirboy and choirgirl in London, now defunct, he arranged it for mixed-voice choir, with harp or piano or orchestra. The work was published by Oxford University Press. Rutter, who composed many works to celebrate Christmas, wrote his own text for Angels' Carol, beginning "Have you heard the sound of the angel voices"; the text alludes to several aspects of the Christmas story, with the Latin refrain "Gloria in excelsis Deo" from the angels' song mentioned in the Gospel of Luke narration of the annunciation to the shepherds. The music is in F major, alla breve-time, marked "Brightly".
It begins with two measures of arpeggios by harp or piano, reminiscent of Bach's Prelude in C major from The Well-Tempered Clavier. The harp, the first instrument the composer had in mind, was played by King David, plays a major role in Britten's A Ceremony of Carols; the sopranos, optionally with the altos, sing the first phrase, marked "eagerly". Their motif, an upward triad of two identical quavers and two crotchets beginning after the beat and arriving at a long note; the rhythmic pattern is repeated in all voices throughout the verses. The reply in a different key is given by the tenors alone the first lenor is repeated by sopranos and tenors in unison, leading to the first refrain "Gloria", marked "joyfully"; the quotation from the angels' song after annunciation to the shepherds according to the Gospel of Luke is sung by the choir, now in harmony with third parallels. In the refrain, two quavers begin on the beat. In the second verse, the tenors have the first line, "He is come in peace", with the upper voices humming.
The third verse, "He will bring new light", is transposed by a shift in harmony, is intensified by imitation, by more entries with new thoughts about Earth and Heavens rejoicing. The final refrain appears is in a denser texture with divided sopranos, before the piece ends marked "Tranquil", with the high voices sing "Christ is born" over the humming men's voices. Angels' Carol was recorded in 2001 as part of The John Rutter Christmas Album, sung by the The Cambridge Singers with the City of London Sinfonia, conducted by the composer. Stephen Layton led a recording with his Polyphony chamber choir and the City of London Sinfonia, released in 2001, it was recorded as part of A Christmas Celebration in 2014 by the Hallé Choir, youth choir, children’s choir and orchesta, conducted by Stephen Bell. Angels' Carol - John Rutter, The Cambridge Singers, City of London Sinfonia on YouTube