Qu'aiti the Qu'aiti State in Hadhramaut or the Qu'aiti Sultanate of Shihr and Mukalla, was a sultanate in the Hadhramaut region of the southern Arabian Peninsula, in what is now Yemen. Covering 70,000 square miles the size of England and Wales, Qu'aiti was the third largest kingdom in Arabia after the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the Sultanate of Oman, its capital was Mukalla, it was divided into six provinces including Al-Mukalla, Ash-Shihr, Shibam, Du'an, the Western Province and Hajr. Apart from Al-Mukalla, Ash-Shihr and Shibam were the Sultanate's major cities; the Sultanate spanned the Indian Ocean coast up to the border of Mahra, encompassed Shabwa, the central valleys and oasis settlements of Hadhramaut, controlled the southern Empty Quarter. Sons of Umar bin Awadh al Qu'aiti, who became a jemadar in the forces of the Nizam of Hyderabad State, first took the town of Shibam from the rival Kathiris in 1858 to consolidate their rule over all of Hadhramaut, they conquered Ash-Shihr in 1866 and Mukalla in 1881 replacing the Kathiris to control most of the Hadhramaut coast on the Gulf of Aden.
They entered into treaty relations with the British in 1888, created a unified sultanate in 1902 that would become a part of the Aden Protectorate. As Great Britain planned for the eventual independence of South Arabia in the 1960s, Qu'aitis declined to join the British-sponsored Federation of South Arabia but remained under British protection as part of the Protectorate of South Arabia. Despite promises of a UN referendum to assist in determining the future of the Qu'aiti State in South Arabia on 17 September 1967, Communist forces overran the kingdom and, in November of that year, the Qu'aiti State was integrated forcibly without a referendum into Communist South Yemen. South Yemen united with North Yemen in 1990, again without a referendum, to become the Republic of Yemen, his Royal Highness Sultan Ghalib II bin Awadh bin Saleh Al-Qu'aiti born 7 January 1948 in London. Ruled from 10 October 1966 – 17 September 1967; the Sultan graduated from Millfield School. He has been a Saudi resident since 1968 residing in Jeddah.
He has working knowledge of seven languages including Arabic, French, Persian and Urdu/Hindi, which supports his research of various historical periods and geographic regions. Sultan Ghalib is the author of The Holy Cities, The Pilgrimage and The World of Islam and The Three Saudi States: The Emergence of Modern Saudi Arabia. Married Sultana Rashid born in London and who holds a BA from the University of Oxford, a MA from the University of Cambridge and has issue: HH Crown Prince Saleh Al-Qu'aiti born in London, graduated from the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst and Millfield School. Hisham is the son of media mogul Mohammed Ali Hafez, founder of Asharq Al-Awsat, Arab News and Sayidaty, the Middle East's leading weekly women's magazine and has issue: Prince Ismail Princess Sultana Princess Asma HH Sultan Abdullah bin Omar Al-Qu'aiti – Ruled 1882–1888 HH Sultan Awadh I bin Omar Al-Qu'aiti – Ruled 1902–1909 HRH Sultan Ghalib I bin Awadh Al-Qu'aiti – Ruled 1909–1922 HRH Sultan Omar bin Awadh Al-Qu'aiti – Ruled 1922–1936 HRH Sultan Sir Saleh bin Ghalib Al-Qu'aiti KCMG - Ruled 1936-1956 HRH Sultan Awadh II bin Saleh Al-Qu'aiti – Ruled 1956–1966, married Salma, married Fatima, married Princess Sahibzadi Nazirunissa Begum, granddaughter of the 6th Nizam Mahbub Ali Pasha, daughter of Nazir Nawaz Jung, son of Amir-e-Paigah Sultan-ul-Mulk and Princess Shahzadi Saheba Dawoodunisssa Begum and had issue: HRH Sultan Ghalib II bin Awadh Al-Qu'aiti - Ruled until 1967Princess Saleha bint Awadh Al-Qu'aiti Prince Omar bin Awadh Al-Qu'aiti married and has issue: Prince Hussain bin Omar Prince Mohammed bin Omar Princess Noor bint Omar Princess Maha bint Omar Princess Sara bint Omar Princess Leila bint Omar Princess Ghada bint Omar Hadhramaut Aden Protectorate List of Sunni Muslim dynasties Official Website of the Al-Qu'aiti Royal Family Qu'aiti State flag Qu'aiti Genealogy and Flag History of the Holy Cities, The Pilgrimage and The World of Islam Arabian Days and Nights
State of Aden
The State of Aden was a state constituted in Aden within the Federation of South Arabia. Following its establishment on 18 January 1963 Sir Charles Hepburn Johnston stepped down as the last Governor of Aden. In spite of the hopes placed in the Federation, the insurgency in Aden escalated and hastened the end of British presence in the territory with the British leaving Aden by the end of November 1967; the State of Aden became part of the independent People's Democratic Republic of Yemen known as South Yemen, on 30 November 1967. To solve many of the problems the Colony of Aden faced, as well as continuing the process of self-determination, accompanying the dismantling of the British Empire, it was proposed that the Colony of Aden should form a federation with the protectorates of East and West Aden. Under this scheme it was hoped that the conditions would be created to lessen Arab calls for complete independence, while still allowing British control of foreign affairs and the BP refinery at Little Aden to continue.
Federalism was first proposed by ministers from both the colony and protectorates: the suggested amalgamation would be beneficial, they argued, in terms of economics, race and languages. However the step was illogical in terms of Arab Nationalism, for it was taken just prior to some impending elections, was against the wishes of Aden Arabs, notably many of the trade unions. An additional problem was the huge disparity in political development, as at the time Aden colony was some way down the road to self-government and in the opinion of some dissidents, political fusion with the autocratic and backward Sultanates was a step in the wrong direction. In the federation, the former Aden Colony was to have 24 seats on the new council, while each of the eleven sultanates of the former Aden Protectorate was to have six; the federation as a whole would have military aid from Britain. Many of the problems that Aden had suffered in its time as a colony did not improve as a federated state. In the new federation the Aden Trade Union Congress had a large influence in the new assembly and to prevent it seizing control of the federation in 1962 the former Colony of Aden had joined the Federation of South Arabia so that Aden's pro-British assembly members could counter the ATUC's influence.
However, the day after State of Aden joined the federation the Muhammad al-Badr of the Yemenese monarchy was overthrown and civil war ensued between forces backed by Gamal Abdel Nasser such as the National Liberation Front and monarchist forces backed by the Saudi Arabia and the United Kingdom. Internal disturbances continued and intensified, leading on 10 December 1963 to the Aden Emergency, when a state of emergency was declared in the dysfunctional Aden State. Other events of the conflict that kept spreading throughout the region include the Battle of the Crater which brought Lt-Col Colin Campbell Mitchell to prominence. On June 20, 1967 there was a mutiny in the South Arabian Federation Army, which spread to the police. Order was restored by the British owing to the efforts of the 1st Battalion Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders, under the command of Lt-Col Mitchell. Deadly guerrilla attacks against British forces by the Egyptian-supported National Liberation Front, soon resumed in all their intensity.
British presence ended with the final departure of British troops. The withdrawal was undertaken earlier than had been planned by British Prime Minister Harold Wilson and left the future state without an agreement on the succeeding governance; the enemies of the State of Aden and the Federation, the NLF, managed to seize power. On 30 November 1967 Aden State, together with the federation, became the People's Republic of South Yemen. In line with other British Arab territories in the Middle East, the independent state did not join the British Commonwealth; the South Arabian dinar, continued at the one to one parity with sterling until 1972. Aden Protectorate British Forces Aden Aden Emergency Media related to State of Aden at Wikimedia Commons
Wahidi Bir Ali
Wahidi Bir Ali, or the Wahidi Sultanate of Bir Ali, was one of several Wahidi states in the British Aden Protectorate and the Protectorate of South Arabia. Its capital was Bi'r `Ali on the Gulf of Aden coast; the last Sultan, Alawi ibn Salih ibn Ahmad Al Wahidi, was deposed and the state was abolished in 1967 upon the founding of the People's Republic of South Yemen. The area is now part of the Republic of Yemen; the predecessor state, the Wahidi Sultanate, was established at an uncertain date. In 1830 the Wahidi Sultanate split into four states: Wahidi Sultanate of Ba´l Haf Wahidi Sultanate of `Azzan Wahidi Sultanate of Bi´r `Ali `Amaqin Wahidi Sultanate of Habban On 4 May 1881 Ba´l Haf and `Azzan joined. In 1888 the Wahidi Sultanate of Ba´l Haf and `Azzan became a British protectorate. In 1895 Bi´r `Ali `Amaqin came under British protection. On 23 Oct 1962 the joint sultanate was renamed Wahidi Sultanate, while Bi´r `Ali and Habban remained subordinate sultanates. On 29 Nov 1967 with the independence of the People's Republic of South Yemen all states were abolished.
The Sultans of the Wahidi Sultanate of Bi´r `Ali `Amaqin had the style of Sultan Bi'r `Ali `Amaqi al-Wahidi. 1830 - 18.. `Abd Allah ibn Talib al-Wahidi 1842 - 1875 al-Hadi ibn Talib al-Wahidi 1875 - 1880 Talib ibn al-Hadi al-Wahidi 1880 - Mar 1893 Muhsin ibn Salih al-Wahidi 1893 - 1916 Salih ibn Ahmad al-Wahidi 1916 - 1940 Nasir ibn Talib al-Wahidi 1940 - 1955 `Alawi ibn Muhsin al-Wahidi 1955 - 23 Oct 1962 `Alawi ibn Salih al-Wahidi Aden Protectorate Map of Arabia including the states of Aden Protectorate
The Aden Protectorate was a British protectorate in southern Arabia which evolved in the hinterland of the port of Aden and in the Hadramaut following the conquest of Aden by Great Britain in 1839, it continued until the 1960s. In 1940 it was divided for administrative purposes into the Western Protectorate and the Eastern Protectorate. Today the territory forms part of the Republic of Yemen. What became known as the Aden Protectorate was informal arrangements of protection with nine tribes in the immediate hinterland of the port city of Aden: Lahej Alawi Dhala Aqrabi Aulaqi Fadhli Haushabi Subeihi YafaBritish expansion into the area was designed to secure the important port that was, at the time, governed from British India. From 1874, these protection arrangements existed with the tacit acceptance of the Ottoman Empire that maintained suzerainty over Yemen to the north and the polities became known collectively as the "Nine Tribes" or the "Nine Cantons." Beginning with a formal treaty of protection with the Mahra Sultanate of Qishn and Socotra in 1886, Britain embarked on a slow formalisation of protection arrangements that included over 30 major treaties of protection with the last signed only in 1954.
These treaties, together with a number of other minor agreements, created the Aden Protectorate that extended well east of Aden to Hadhramaut and included all of the territory that would become South Yemen except for the immediate environs and port of the colonial capital, Aden. Aden with its harbour was the only area under full British sovereignty and, together with some offshore islands, was known as Aden Settlement, Aden Province, Aden Colony and State of Aden. In exchange for British protection, the rulers of the constituent territories of the Protectorate agreed not to enter into treaties with or cede territory to any other foreign power. In 1917, control of Aden Protectorate was transferred from the Government of India, which had inherited the British East India Company's interests in various princely states on the strategically important naval route from Europe to India, to the British Foreign Office. For administrative purposes, the protectorate was informally divided into the Eastern Protectorate and the Western Protectorate, for some separation of administration.
In 1928, the British established Aden Command, under Royal Air Force leadership, to preserve the security of the Protectorate. It was renamed British Forces Aden in 1936 and was known as British Forces Arabian Peninsula and Middle East Command; the boundaries between the polities and their number fluctuated over time. Some such as the Mahra Sultanate had any functioning administration. Not included in the protectorate were Aden Colony and the insular areas of Perim and Khuriya Muriya that accrued to it; the Eastern Protectorate came to include the following entities: Kathiri Mahra Qu'aiti Wahidi Balhaf Wahidi Bir Ali Wahidi Haban The Western Protectorate included: Alawi Aqrabi Audhali Beihan Dathina Dhala Qutaibi Dependence of Dhala Fadhli Haushabi Lahej Lower Aulaqi Lower Yafa Shaib Upper Aulaqi Sheikhdom Upper Aulaqi Sultanate Upper Yafa Sultanate and the five Upper Yafa sheikhdoms of: Al-Busi Al-Dhubi Hadrami Maflahi Mawsata In 1938, Britain signed an advisory treaty with the Qu'aiti sultan and, throughout the 1940s and 1950s, signed similar treaties with twelve other protectorate states.
The following were the states with advisory treaties: Eastern Protectorate States Kathiri Mahra Qu'aiti Wahidi BalhafWestern Protectorate States Audhali Beihan Dhala Haushabi Fadhli Lahej Lower Aulaqi Lower Yafa Upper Aulaqi Sheikhdom These agreements allowed for the stationing of a Resident Advisor in the signatory states which gave the British a greater degree of control over their domestic affairs. This rationalised and stabilised the rulers' status and laws of succession but had the effect of ossifying the leadership and encouraging official corruption. Aerial bombardment and collective punishment were sometimes used against wayward tribes to enforce the rule of Britain's clients. British protection came to be seen as an impediment to progress, a view reinforced by the arrival of news of Arab nationalism from the outside world on newly available transistor radios. British control was challenged by King Ahmad bin Yahya of the Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen to the north who did not recognise British suzerainty in South Arabia and had ambitions of creating a unified Greater Yemen.
In the late 1940s and the early 1950s, Yemen was involved in a series of border skirmishes along the disputed Violet Line, a 1914 Anglo-Ottoman demarcation that served to separate Yemen from the Aden Protectorate. In 1950, Kennedy Trevaskis, the Advisor for the Western Protectorate drew up a plan for the protectorate states to form two federations, corresponding to the two-halves of the protectorate. Although little progress was made in bringing the plan to fruition, it was considered a provocation by Ahmad bin Yahya. In addition to his role as king, he served as the imam of the ruling Zaidi branch of Shi'a Islam, he feared that a successful federation in the Shafi'i Sunnite protectorates would serve as a beacon for discontented Shafi'ites who inhabited the coastal regions of Yemen. To counter the threat, Ahmad stepped up Yemeni efforts to undermine British control and, in the mid-1950s, Yemen supported a number of revolts by disgruntled tribes against protectorate states; the appeal of Yemen was limited in the protectorate b
A monarchy is a form of government in which a single person holds supreme authority in ruling a country performing ceremonial duties and embodying the country's national identity. Although some monarchs are elected, in most cases, the monarch's position is inherited and lasts until death or abdication. In these cases, the royal family or members of the dynasty serve in official capacities as well; the governing power of the monarch may vary from purely symbolic, to partial and restricted, to autocratic. Monarchy was the most common form of government until the 20th century. Forty-five sovereign nations in the world have monarchs acting as heads of state, sixteen of which are Commonwealth realms that recognise Queen Elizabeth II as their head of state. Most modern monarchs are constitutional monarchs, who retain a unique legal and ceremonial role, but exercise limited or no political power under the nation's constitution. In some nations, such as Brunei, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Eswatini, the hereditary monarch has more political influence than any other single source of authority in the nation, either by tradition or by a constitutional mandate.
The word "monarch" comes from the Greek language word μονάρχης, monárkhēs which referred to a single, at least nominally absolute ruler. In current usage the word monarchy refers to a traditional system of hereditary rule, as elective monarchies are quite rare; the form of societal hierarchy known as chiefdom or tribal kingship is prehistoric. The Greek term monarchia is classical, used by Herodotus; the monarch in classical antiquity is identified as "king" or "ruler" or as "queen". From earliest historical times, with the Egyptian and Mesopotamian monarchs, as well as in reconstructed Proto-Indo-European religion, the king held sacral functions directly connected to sacrifice, or was considered by their people to have divine ancestry; the role of the Roman emperor as the protector of Christianity was conflated with the sacral aspects held by the Germanic kings to create the notion of the "divine right of kings" in the Christian Middle Ages. The Chinese and Nepalese monarchs continued to be considered living Gods into the modern period.
Since antiquity, monarchy has contrasted with forms of democracy, where executive power is wielded by assemblies of free citizens. In antiquity, some monarchies were abolished in favour of such assemblies in Rome, Athens. In Germanic antiquity, kingship was a sacral function, the king was directly hereditary for some tribes, while for others he was elected from among eligible members of royal families by the thing; such ancient "parliamentarism" declined during the European Middle Ages, but it survived in forms of regional assemblies, such as the Icelandic Commonwealth, the Swiss Landsgemeinde and Tagsatzung, the High Medieval communal movement linked to the rise of medieval town privileges. The modern resurgence of parliamentarism and anti-monarchism began with the temporary overthrow of the English monarchy by the Parliament of England in 1649, followed by the American Revolution of 1776 and the French Revolution of 1789. One of many opponents of that trend was Elizabeth Dawbarn, whose anonymous Dialogue between Clara Neville and Louisa Mills, on Loyalty features "silly Louisa, who admires liberty, Tom Paine and the USA, lectured by Clara on God's approval of monarchy" and on the influence women can exert on men.
Much of 19th-century politics featured a division between anti-monarchist Radicalism and monarchist Conservativism. Many countries abolished the monarchy in the 20th century and became republics in the wake of either World War I, World War II, the Palestine War, or the Cold War. Advocacy of republics is called republicanism. In the modern era, monarchies are more prevalent in small states than in large ones. Monarchies are associated with political or sociocultural hereditary reign, in which monarchs reign for life and the responsibilities and power of the position pass to their child or another member of their family when they die. Most monarchs, both and in the modern day, have been born and brought up within a royal family, the centre of the royal household and court. Growing up in a royal family, future monarchs are trained for their expected future responsibilities as monarch. Different systems of succession have been used, such as proximity of blood and agnatic seniority. While most monarchs have been male, many female monarchs have reigned in history.
Rule may be hereditary in practice without being considered a monarchy: there have been some family dictatorships, some political families in many democracies. The principal advantage of hereditary monarchy is the immediate continuity of leadership; some monarchies are non-hereditary. In an elective monarchy, monarchs are elected, or appointed by some body for life or a defined period, but once appointed they serve as any other monarch. Four elective monarchies exist today: Cambodia, Malaysia and th
Federation of South Arabia
The Federation of South Arabia was an organization of states under British protection in what would become South Yemen. It was formed on 4 April 1962 from the 15 protected states of the Federation of Arab Emirates of the South. On 18 January 1963 it was merged with the Crown colony of Aden. In June 1964, the Upper Aulaqi Sultanate was added for a total of 17 states. A team was sent to the 1966 Commonwealth Games in Jamaica; the Federation was abolished when it gained independence along with the Protectorate of South Arabia as the People's Republic of Southern Yemen on 30 November 1967. Aden Alawi Aqrabi Audhali Beihan Dathina Dhala Fadhli Haushabi Lahej Lower Aulaqi Lower Yafa Maflahi Shaib Upper Aulaqi Sheikhdom Upper Aulaqi Sultanate Wahidi Balhaf Sir Charles Hepburn Johnston Sir Gerald Kennedy Nicholas Trevaskis Sir Richard Gordon Turnbull Sir Humphrey Trevelyan Hassan Ali Bayumi Zayn Abdu Baharun Abdul-Qawi Hassan Makkawi Ali Musa al-Babakr Salih al-Awadli The Federation issued its own Adeni postage stamps from 1963 to 1966.
Most of its issues were part of the omnibus issues common to all the Commonwealth territories, but it did issue its own definitive stamps on 1 April 1965. The set of 14 included 10 values, from 5 to 75 fils, each depicting the arms of the Federation in a single colour, while the top four values, featured the flag of the Federation; the stamps referred. A number of other stamps have been issued and are listed in Stanley Gibbons and other used stamp catalogues, it is possible, or likely, that some of the stamps of South Arabia were not issued for postal use. United Nations Security Council Resolution 188 Paul Dresch. A History of Modern Yemen. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2000. R. J. Gavin. Aden Under British Rule: 1839-1967. London: C. Hurst & Company, 1975. Tom Little. South Arabia: Arena of Conflict. London: Pall Mall Press, 1968. Media related to Federation of South Arabia at Wikimedia Commons South Arabia and Yemen, 1945-1995
Sultanate of Lahej
Lahej, the Sultanate of Lahej, or, the Abdali Sultanate, was a Sheikdom based in Lahej in Southern Arabia. The Sultanate became self-ruled in 1728 and gained independence in 1740. In 1839, the Sultanate became Aden Protectorate of the British Empire, though nominally the'Abdali Sultan retained his status; the Aden Protectorate was ruled again by the Ottomans during World War I, but regained by the British and absorbed into Federation of South Arabia in 1963. The'Abdali dynasty was abolished in 1967, with the proclamation of South Yemen. Lahej was sultanate of the'Abdali dynasty. In 1740 the'Abdali sultan became independent; the Sultanate of Lahej became an independent entity, from 1728 to 1839. The Sultanate of Lahej lost its independence to the British, after the Royal Navy Aden Expedition attack in 1839; the Sultan signed several treaties with the British. The 1863 opening of the Suez Canal caused the formation of the Aden Protectorate The sultanate was one of the original "Nine Cantons" that signed individual British protectorate agreements with Great Britain, that in 1869 were joined together to become the Aden Protectorate.
The Suez Canal opened in 1869. During World War I, the Ottoman Empire subjugated the Sultanate area. In 1918 Lahej was restored as a British protectorate. Lahej enjoyed good relations with the British, despite the accidental killing of Sultan Fadhl ibn Ali al Abdali by British troops in 1918 who mistook him for an enemy Ottoman Turk soldier. In 1948, the Subayhi tribal area was absorbed into their sultanate. However, by 1958, Britain was worried that the sultan at the time, Ali bin Abd al Karim al Abdali, an Arab nationalist, would refuse to join the British-sponsored Federation of Arab Emirates of the South, had him deposed. Lahej ended up joining the Federation and the Federation of South Arabia in 1963. In 1967 the new Communist regime expelled the Abdali Sultan; the dynasty of the Sultanate of Lahej was abolished with the founding of the Socialist state of People's Democratic Republic of Yemen. The former territory of the Sultanate has been within the Republic of Yemen since its unification in 1990.
The Sultans of Lahej had the title of Sultan Lahj. 1728–1742 al-Fadl I ibn'Ali al-Sallami al-'Abdali 1742–1753'Abd al-Karim I ibn al-Fadl al-'Abdali 1753–1775'Abd al-Hadi ibn'Abd al-Karim al-'Abdali 1775–1791 al-Fadl II ibn'Abd al-Karim al-'Abdali 1791–1827 Ahmad I ibn'Abd al-Karim al-'Abdali 1827–Nov 1839 Muhsin ibn al-Fadl al-'Abdali Nov 1839 – Dec 1839 Ahmad II ibn Muhsin al-'Abdali Dec 1839 – Aug 1846 Muhsin ibn al-Fadl al-'Abdali 11 Aug 1846 – Sep 1846 Sayyid Isma'il ibn al-Hasan al-Husayni Sep 1846 – 30 Nov 1847 Muhsin ibn al-Fadl al-'Abdali Dec 1847 – 20 Jan 1849 Ahmad II ibn Muhsin al-'Abdali Mar 1849 – 7 Apr 1863'Ali I ibn Muhsin al-'Abdali Apr 1863 – 1863 al-Fadl III ibn'Ali al-'Abdali 1863 – 5 Jul 1874 al-Fadl IV ibn Muhsin al-'Abdali 5 Jul 1874 – 27 Apr 1898 al-Fadl III ibn'Ali al-'Abdali 29 Apr 1898 – Mar 1914 Ahmad III ibn al-Fadl al-'Abdali Mar 1914 – 4 Jul 1915'Ali II ibn Ahmad al-'Abdali 13 Jul 1915 – 18 Jun 1947'Abd al-Karim II ibn al-Fadl al-'Abdali 18 Jun 1947 – 21 May 1952 al-Fadl V ibn'Abd al-Karim al-'Abdali 4 Jun 1952 – 10 Jul 1958'Ali III ibn'Abd al-Karim al-'Abdali 10 Jul 1958 – Aug 1967 al-Fadl VI ibn'Ali al-'Abdali The Sultanate of Lahej and others surrounding the Port of Aden had economic influence by supporting the important trade economy of the British Empire from South Asia.
Early 19th century industrial Britain, with its expanding economy, needed improved and reliable communication with British India and the East India Company operations. The 1863 opening of the Suez Canal initiated further British trade protection strategies, securing the port of Adan and surroundings to serve the Red Sea shipping routes using its new canal; the Sultanate was part of an effort of the British Empire to protect the East India Route, the sea route between the Mediterranean and India, in and through the southern coasts of the Arabian Peninsula. As of 1920, the Lahej region was producing salt, from salt mines owned by the Ottoman government, that passed through the Sultanate for shipping. Aden Protectorate Colony of Aden — Crown colony. Fadhli Sultanate Federation of Arab Emirates of the South Federation of South Arabia Protectorate of South Arabia Media related to Colony of Aden at Wikimedia Commons