City Academy Bristol
The City Academy Bristol is a mixed gender secondary school with Academy status, located in the Easton area of Bristol, England. The school opened in September 2003 and it formed part of the Labour governments scheme for schools in deprived areas, and was the first Academy in South West England. Built on the site of St George Community College which closed in 2003, the school provides adult education to about 1,200 people. Both the University of the West of England and Bristol City Football Club are partners with the school and helped fund the schools buildings, the school operates a house system for pupils, with four houses, Lions and Tigers. The school is designated as a specialist Sports College, and runs a Performance Sport programme for netball, football, boxing, in 2014 the school lost a racial discrimination employment tribunal case for repeatedly overlooking a black employee for promotion. Investigation showed that other staff had been overlooked when appointing three white managers.
The academy said We are deeply sorry and extending our sense of sorrow to those involved, during 2014 the school had two incidents of losing or failing to submit coursework required for external exams, causing pupils to have to retake a year of their education. In 2016 the Cabot Learning Federation, a multi-academy trust, took over as the operator of the school, the school remains in special measures. The table below shows the percentage of students hitting the key measure of 5+ A*-C GCSEs including English, official website The City Academy Bristol - Performance Sport The City Academy Bristol - Sports Centre
Cary Grant was a British-American actor, known as one of classic Hollywoods definitive leading men. He began a career in Hollywood in the early 1930s, and became known for his accent, debonair demeanor. He became an American citizen in 1942, Born in Horfield, Grant became attracted to theatre at a young age, and began performing with a troupe known as The Penders from the age of six. After attending Bishop Road Primary School and Fairfield Grammar School in Bristol, he toured the country as a stage performer and he established a name for himself in vaudeville in the 1920s and toured the United States before moving to Hollywood in the early 1930s. Along with the Arsenic and Old Lace and I Was a Male War Bride, having established himself as a major Hollywood star, he was nominated twice for the Academy Award for Best Actor, for Penny Serenade and None but the Lonely Heart. In the 1940s and 1950s, Grant forged a relationship with the director Alfred Hitchcock, appearing in films such as Suspicion, Notorious, To Catch a Thief.
Hitchcock admired Grant and considered him to have been the actor that he had ever loved working with. His comic timing and delivery made Grant what Premiere magazine considers to have quite simply. Grant was married five times, three of his marriages were elopements with actresses—Virginia Cherrill, Betsy Drake and Dyan Cannon and he has one daughter with Cannon, Jennifer Grant. After his retirement from acting in 1966, Grant pursued numerous business interests, representing cosmetics firm Fabergé. He was presented with an Honorary Oscar by his friend Frank Sinatra at the 42nd Academy Awards in 1970, in 1999, the American Film Institute named Grant the second greatest male star of Golden Age Hollywood cinema, after Humphrey Bogart. Grant was born Archibald Alec Leach on January 18,1904 at 15 Hughenden Road in the northern Bristol suburb of Horfield and he was the second child of Elias James Leach and Elsie Maria Leach. Elias, the son of a potter, worked as a tailors presser at a factory, while Elsie.
Grants elder brother, John William Elias Leach, died of tuberculous meningitis, Grant considered himself to have been partly Jewish. He had an upbringing, his father was an alcoholic. Wanting the best for her son, Elsie taught Grant song and dance when he was four and she would occasionally take him to the cinema where he enjoyed the performances of Charlie Chaplin, Chester Conklin, Fatty Arbuckle, Ford Sterling, Mack Swain and Broncho Billy Anderson. Grant entered education when he was four-and-a-half and was sent to the Bishop Road Primary School, another biographer, Geoffrey Wansell, notes that Elsie blamed herself bitterly for the death of Grants older brother John, and never recovered from it. Grant acknowledged that his experiences with his fiercely independent mother affected his relationships with women in life
It is subdivided into 100 pence. A number of nations that do not use sterling have called the pound. At various times, the sterling was commodity money or bank notes backed by silver or gold. The pound sterling is the worlds oldest currency still in use, the British Crown dependencies of Guernsey and Jersey produce their own local issues of sterling, the Guernsey pound and the Jersey pound. The pound sterling is used in the Isle of Man, the Bank of England is the central bank for the pound sterling, issuing its own coins and banknotes, and regulating issuance of banknotes by private banks in Scotland and Northern Ireland. Sterling is the fourth most-traded currency in the exchange market, after the United States dollar, the euro. Together with those three currencies it forms the basket of currencies which calculate the value of IMF special drawing rights, Sterling is the third most-held reserve currency in global reserves. The full, official name, pound sterling, is used mainly in formal contexts, otherwise the term pound is normally used.
The abbreviations ster. or stg. are sometimes used, the term British pound is commonly used in less formal contexts, although it is not an official name of the currency. The pound sterling is referred to as cable amongst forex traders, the origins of this term are attributed to the fact that in the 1800s, the dollar/pound sterling exchange rate was transmitted via transatlantic cable. Forex brokers are sometimes referred to as cable dealers, as another established source notes, the compound expression was derived, silver coins known as sterlings were issued in the Saxon kingdoms,240 of them being minted from a pound of silver. Hence, large payments came to be reckoned in pounds of sterlings, in 1260, Henry III granted them a charter of protection. And because the Leagues money was not frequently debased like that of England, English traders stipulated to be paid in pounds of the Easterlings, and land for their Kontor, the Steelyard of London, which by the 1340s was called Easterlings Hall, or Esterlingeshalle.
For further discussion of the etymology of sterling, see sterling silver, the currency sign for the pound sign is £, which is usually written with a single cross-bar, though a version with a double cross-bar is sometimes seen. The ISO4217 currency code is GBP, the abbreviation UKP is used but this is non-standard because the ISO3166 country code for the United Kingdom is GB. The Crown dependencies use their own codes, GGP, JEP, stocks are often traded in pence, so traders may refer to pence sterling, GBX, when listing stock prices. A common slang term for the pound sterling or pound is quid, since decimalisation in 1971, the pound has been divided into 100 pence. The symbol for the penny is p, hence an amount such as 50p properly pronounced fifty pence is more colloquially, quite often, pronounced fifty pee /fɪfti, pi and this helped to distinguish between new and old pence amounts during the changeover to the decimal system
Ben Green (mathematician)
Ben Joseph Green FRS is a British mathematician, specializing in combinatorics and number theory. He is the Waynflete Professor of Pure Mathematics at the University of Oxford, ben Green was born on 27 February 1977 in Bristol, England. He studied at schools in Bristol, Bishop Road Primary School and Fairfield Grammar School. He entered Trinity College, University of Cambridge in 1995 and completed his B. A. in mathematics in 1998 and he earned his doctorate under English mathematician Timothy Gowers in 2003, with a thesis entitled Topics in arithmetic combinatorics. He became the Waynflete Professor of Pure Mathematics at the University of Oxford on 1 Aug 2013, Green has published several results in both combinatorics and number theory. These include improving the estimate by Jean Bourgain of the size of arithmetic progressions in sumsets and this theorem showed that for all sufficiently large n there exist arithmetic progressions of length n in the prime numbers. Green received the Clay Research Award in 2004 and the Salem Prize in 2005 for his contributions to number theory related to progressions of primes.
In 2005, he was awarded the Whitehead Prize, an award for British mathematicians in the early stage of their career. In 2007 he was awarded the SASTRA Ramanujan Prize, in 2008 he was among the ten recipients of the European Mathematical Society prize. In 2010 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society In 2012 he became a fellow of the American Mathematical Society, in 2013, he was awarded a Gauss Lecture by the German Mathematical Society. NT/0404188 – Preprint on arbitrarily long arithmetic progressions on primes
Specsavers Optical Group Ltd is a British optical retail chain, operating globally, which offers optician services, along with eyeglasses, contact lenses and hearing aids. In 2012 it had the largest single share of the four major opticians. Specsavers are a high street opticians, selling spectacles, contact lenses, as well as stores in the United Kingdom, they are present in the Netherlands, Scandinavia and most recently and New Zealand. The company ventured into hearing services in 2002 and their Hearing Centres division provides hearing tests and hearing aids within the Specsavers optical stores providing services, from more than four hundred locations. In April 2004, Specsavers acquired Swedish Blic Optik franchise from its owner Optimum Optik AB, in 2007, finance director John Perkins became joint managing director, with his father Doug Perkins. In The Sunday Times Rich List 2011, published in the United Kingdom on 8 May 2011, Douglas and Dame Mary Perkins and their personal worth was estimated at £1.150 billion, with Dame Mary becoming Britains first self made female billionaire.
In February 2007, Specsavers was ranked #46 of the United Kingdoms 100 Heaviest Spenders on TV Advertising, spending £27 million, Specsavers long running advertising campaign is based on the popular strapline Shouldve gone to Specsavers. Specsavers use of Édith Piaf in advertisements has caused adverse comment in the press in spite of the fact that full permission had been granted by the estate of the performer. The follow up to the Édith Piaf adverts of Specsavers is a sheep farmer shearing the sheep. Specsavers have made puppet action adverts featuring Thunderbirds, the Thunderbirds machines, Specsavers have made satirical adverts featuring Postman Pat and the Postman Pat characters and location to advertise. In 2015, Specsavers have maintained a focus on promoting online contact lens sales. Online purchasing can be done through their website, which many popular contact lens brands such as Johnson and Johnson brand lenses. For many of these brands, Specsavers offers their own-brand equivalent Easyvision, in 2017, Specsavers officially launched a range of eyewear designed by the popstar and actress Kylie Minogue.
The firm operates most of their stores under a Joint or Shared Venture Partnership. consisting of a partnership between an Optometry Director and a Retail Director. This is similar to an agreement, unlike many franchises. It differs in that Specsavers own shares in the business rather than just providing goods. In other territories such as Sweden and Spain, they operate a franchise agreement. The company took advantage of the development of the Any Qualified Provider initiative in the English National Health Service from 2009 to expand into the aid business
Henbury School is a state secondary school with academy status in Henbury, England. The school opened in 1958 by Clement Attlee and its first Headmaster was John Luget from 1956 to 1976. In 2005, it was rebuilt under a Private Finance Initiative, as of January 2012, it had 739 students. The school has achieved Art College status which increases the funding that the school receives for art-related studies, a number of projects have spawned from the receiving of Art College status. These include piloting the Community Transformers scheme and it became an academy on 1 June 2012. The school achieved its best ever GCSE scores in 2012, the table shows the percentage of students hitting the key measure of 5 A*-C including English. Graham Smith, CEO of Republic Official website
Education in Bristol
Bristol is the largest city in South West England, and as such is a centre for culture and higher education in the region. The city is home to a red brick university and a high-ranking new university. The city is noted for its investment in the sciences and engineering. A reform school was set up in 1854 by Mary Carpenter, with the help of the poet Lord Byrons widow. The city has 129 infant and primary schools,17 secondary schools, after a section of north London, Bristol has Englands second-highest number of independent-school places. Independent schools in the city include Clifton College, Clifton High School, Badminton School, Bristol Grammar School, Redland High School, Queen Elizabeths Hospital and the Red Maids School. Bristol has three main forms, they are St. Brendans Sixth Form College, North Bristol Post 16 Centre. Bristol has two institutions of higher education, the University of Bristol, a redbrick chartered in 1909, and the University of the West of England. The University of Law has a campus in the city, Bristol has two further education institutions and three theological colleges, Trinity College, Wesley College and Bristol Baptist College.
Bristol University, a member of the Russell Group, has 15,000 students, many who come from independent schools and its particular strengths lie in Mathematics, Engineering, Economics, Chemistry, Management and Law. The University usually ranks in the top ten of British universities in newspaper league tables and was ranked 49th in the world in 2006, rising to 37th in the world in 2008 and again to 30th in 2013. The post-1992 UWE, previously known as Bristol Polytechnic, has around 35,000 students and 3,000 academic staff, 86% of students at UWE are from state schools. In September 2008, the Bristol Institute of Modern Music opened as an offshoot of the Brighton Institute of Modern Music, BA courses awarded by the institute are validated by the University of Sussex. In 2005 Chancellor of the Exchequer Gordon Brown named Bristol one of six English science cities, the city has produced a number of scientists, including 19th-century chemist Humphry Davy. Physicist Paul Dirac received the 1933 Nobel Prize for his contributions to quantum mechanics, the Bloodhound SSC project to break the land speed record is based at the Bloodhound Technology Centre on the citys harbourside
A secondary school is both an organization that delivers level 2 junior secondary education or level 3 secondary education phases of the ISCED scale, and the building where this takes place. Level 2 junior secondary education is considered to be the second, Secondary schools typically follow on from primary schools and lead into vocational and tertiary education. Attendance is compulsory in most countries for students between the ages 11 and 16, the systems and terminology remain unique to each country. School building design does not happen in isolation, schools need to accommodate students, storage and electrical systems, support staff, ancillary staff and administration. The number of rooms required can be determined from the roll of the school. A general classroom for 30 students needs to be 55m2, or more generously 62m2, a general art room for 30 students needs to be 83m2, but 104 m2 for 3D textile work. A drama studio or a specialist science laboratory for 30 needs to be 90 m2, examples are given on how this can be configured for a 1,200 place secondary.
The building providing the education has to fulfil the needs of, The students, the teachers, the support staff, the adminstrators. It has to should meet health requirements, minimal functional requirements- such as classrooms and showers, textbooks, Government accountants having read the advice publish minimum guidelines on schools. These enable environmental modelling and establish building costs. Future plans are audited to ensure that standards are not exceeded. The UK government published this downwardly revised space formula in 2014 and it said the floor area should be 1050m² +6. 3m²/pupil place for 11- to 16-year-olds + 7m²/pupil place for post-16s. The external finishes were to be downgraded to meet a build cost of £1113/m², a secondary school, locally may be called high school, junior high school, senior high school. Sweden, gymnasium Switzerland, secondary school, collège or lycée Taiwan, Junior High School, Senior High School, Vocational High School, Military School, in Nigeria, secondary school starts from JSS1 until SSS3.
Most students start at the age of 10 or 11 and finish at 16 or 17, Students are required to sit for the West African Senior Secondary Certificate Examination. To progress to university students must obtain at least a credit in Maths, English, in Somalia, secondary school starts from 9th grade until 12th. Students start it when they are around 14 to 15 years of age, Students are required to study Somali and Arabic, with the option of either English or Italian depending on the type of school. Religion, physics, physical education, art, when secondary school has been completed, students are sent to national training camp before going to either college, or military training. In South Africa, high school begins at grade 8, Students study for five years, at the end of which they write a Matriculation examination
Presidencies and provinces of British India
Provinces of India, earlier Presidencies of British India and still earlier, Presidency towns, were the administrative divisions of British governance in the subcontinent. Collectively, they were called British India, in one form or other they existed between 1612 and 1947, conventionally divided into three historical periods. During 1612–1757, the East India Company set up factories in several locations, mostly in coastal India and its rivals were the merchant trading companies of Holland and France. By the mid-18th century, three Presidency towns, Madras and Calcutta had grown in size, during the period of Company rule in India, 1757–1858, the Company gradually acquired sovereignty over large parts of India, now called Presidencies. However, it increasingly came under British government oversight, in effect sharing sovereignty with the Crown. At the same time it gradually lost its mercantile privileges, following the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the Companys remaining powers were transferred to the Crown.
In the new British Raj, sovereignty extended to a few new regions, however, unwieldy presidencies were broken up into Provinces. In 1608, the English East India Company established a settlement at Surat, and it was followed in 1611 by a permanent factory at Machilipatnam on the Coromandel Coast, and in 1612 the company joined other already established European trading companies in Bengal. Company rule in Bengal, ended with the Government of India Act 1858 following the events of the Bengal Rebellion of 1857 and these rulers were allowed a measure of internal autonomy in exchange for British suzerainty. British India constituted a significant portion of India both in area and population, in 1910, for example, it covered approximately 54% of the area, in addition, there were Portuguese and French exclaves in India. Independence from British rule was achieved in 1947 with the formation of two nations, the Dominions of India and Pakistan, the latter including East Bengal, present-day Bangladesh.
The term British India applied to Burma for a time period, starting in 1824, a small part of Burma. This arrangement lasted until 1937, when Burma commenced being administered as a separate British colony, British India did not apply to other countries in the region, such as Sri Lanka, which was a British Crown colony, or the Maldive Islands, which were a British protectorate. It included the Colony of Aden in the Arabian Peninsula, the original seat of government was at Allahabad, at Agra from 1834 to 1868. Bombay Presidency, East India Companys headquarters moved from Surat to Bombay in 1687, the East India Company, which was incorporated on 31 December 1600, established trade relations with Indian rulers in Masulipatam on the east coast in 1611 and Surat on the west coast in 1612. The company rented a trading outpost in Madras in 1639, meanwhile, in eastern India, after obtaining permission from the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan to trade with Bengal, the Company established its first factory at Hoogly in 1640.
Almost a half-century later, after Emperor Aurengzeb forced the Company out of Hooghly, by the mid-18th century the three principal trading settlements, now called the Madras Presidency, the Bombay Presidency, and the Bengal Presidency were each administered by a Governor. After Robert Clives victory in the Battle of Plassey in 1757, in 1772, the Company obtained the Nizāmat of Bengal and thereby full sovereignty of the expanded Bengal Presidency
Bristol is a city and county in South West England with a population of 449,300 in 2016. The district has the 10th largest population in England, while the Bristol metropolitan area is the 12th largest in the United Kingdom, the city borders North Somerset and South Gloucestershire, with the cities of Bath and Gloucester to the south-east and north-east, respectively. Iron Age hill forts and Roman villas were built near the confluence of the rivers Frome and Avon, Bristol received a royal charter in 1155 and was historically divided between Gloucestershire and Somerset until 1373, when it became a county of itself. From the 13th to the 18th century, Bristol was among the top three English cities after London in tax receipts, Bristol was surpassed by the rapid rise of Manchester and Birmingham in the Industrial Revolution. Bristol was a place for early voyages of exploration to the New World. On a ship out of Bristol in 1497 John Cabot, a Venetian, in 1499 William Weston, a Bristol merchant, was the first Englishman to lead an exploration to North America.
At the height of the Bristol slave trade, from 1700 to 1807, the Port of Bristol has since moved from Bristol Harbour in the city centre to the Severn Estuary at Avonmouth and Royal Portbury Dock. Bristols modern economy is built on the media and aerospace industries. The city has the largest circulating community currency in the U. K. - the Bristol pound, which is pegged to the Pound sterling. It is connected to London and other major UK cities by road, rail and air by the M5 and M4, Bristol Temple Meads and Bristol Parkway mainline rail stations, and Bristol Airport. The Sunday Times named it as the best city in Britain in which to live in 2014 and 2017, the most ancient recorded name for Bristol is the archaic Welsh Caer Odor, which is consistent with modern understanding that early Bristol developed between the River Frome and Avon Gorge. It is most commonly stated that the Saxon name Bricstow was a calque of the existing Celtic name, with Bric a literal translation of Odor. Alternative etymologies are supported with the numerous variations in Medieval documents with Samuel Seyer enumerating 47 alternative forms.
The Old English form Brycgstow is commonly used to derive the meaning place at the bridge, utilizing another form, Rev. Dr. Shaw derived the name from the Celtic words bras, or braos and tuile. The poet Thomas Chatterton popularised a derivation from Brictricstow linking the town to Brictric and it appears that the form Bricstow prevailed until 1204, and the Bristolian L is what eventually changed the name to Bristol. Iron Age hill forts near the city are at Leigh Woods and Clifton Down, on the side of the Avon Gorge, a Roman settlement, existed at what is now Sea Mills, another was at the present-day Inns Court. Isolated Roman villas and small forts and settlements were scattered throughout the area. Bristol was founded by 1000, by about 1020, it was a centre with a mint producing silver pennies bearing its name
Redland is an affluent suburb in Bristol, England. The suburb is situated between Clifton, Cotham and Westbury Park, the boundaries of the district are not precisely defined, but are generally taken to be Whiteladies Road in the west, the Severn Beach railway line in the south and Cranbrook Road in the east. Redland is the name of a ward, which covers a slightly different area. Redland ward extends to the part of Bishopston, and does not include the part of Redland south of Redland Road. Redland is known as a student accommodation area, particularly with second. There are different views of the origin of the name Redland, one source says that in the 11th century it was known as Rudeland, possibly from Old English rudding, meaning cleared land. Another source points to a mention in 1209 as Thriddeland, probably meaning the part of an estate. Yet another source refers to a mention in 1230 of Rubea Terra, for many centuries Redland was in the large parish of Westbury-on-Trym in Gloucestershire. It became a civil parish in 1894, but in 1896 the civil parish was abolished and incorporated into the city and county of Bristol.
It remained in the parish of Westbury-on-Trym until 1942. In 1732 the Redland estate was acquired by John Cossins from his wifes uncle George Martin and he replaced the old manor house with Redland Court, a house of Classical design. The estate was sold off in 1865, and the area was developed for housing. It eventually became the church when the parish of Redland was separated from Westbury-on-Trym in 1942 and. It is a Grade I listed building, the Swedenborgian church in nearby Cranbrook Road was erected in 1899 and has recently closed. The congregation was formed in 1791 and had a church in Terrel Street, the present gothic church was designed by a Mr Paul of Wells Road and was intended to be a lecture hall alongside a larger church that was never built. Neil Marchant wrote a book Like A River Flowing covering the history of church which can now be found in Bristol central library. The church is currently up for sale and likely to be redeveloped, trinity United Reformed Church in Cranbrook Road closed recently and has been converted into houses.
The church began in the demolished church hall of 1901 which was demolished for the car park