Isle of Wight (UK Parliament constituency)
Isle of Wight is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2017 by Bob Seely of the Conservative Party. Created by the Great Reform Act for the 1832 general election it covers the whole of the Isle of Wight, it has the largest electorate of a constituency, since 1983. The Isle of Wight has since 1832 been a single seat of the House of Commons, it covers the same land as the ceremonial county of the Isle of Wight and the area administered by the unitary authority, Isle of Wight Council: a diamond-shaped island with rounded oblique corners, measuring 22.5 miles by 13 miles, the Needles and similar small uninhabitable rocks of small square surface area. The island is linked by ferry crossings from four points to three points in Hampshire: Lymington and Portsmouth, its electorate of 110,924 is, by more than 30,000 electors, the largest in the UK, more than 50% above the English average: 71,537, five times the size of the smallest seat: Na h-Eileanan an Iar known as the Western Isles.
The five national Boundary Commission Periodic Reports which have taken place since 1955 consulted locally on splitting the island into two seats but met an overall distaste by the independent commissioners and most consultees and consultation respondents who were not apathetic which accounted for the bulk. The consensus of varying panels of Boundary Commissioners, party-interested and neutral commentators was at the time of these five consultations, that the island would be best represented by one MP; the Commissioners did make mention perfunctorily of their duty by law to avoid such an extent of malapportionment but deemed that electoral scientific detail outweighed by the "human" socio-economic factors of the convenience of having one universally acknowledged representative of the island at the national legislature. One problem the independent body cited in 2008 was a difficulty of dividing the island in two in a way that would be acceptable to all major interests; the arbitrary division line problem is encountered in those city council areas which have no rural elements or natural divides and in peninsulars and resolves itself in dividing in alterate ways at different times to avoid any onset or perception of any bias.
In the 2018 review underway, dividing the island into two separate seats is a requirement by law to match the other island seats. The Commission's draft proposals divide the island into West seats. Newport would be in the West seat. Before the Reform Act 1832 the island had three Parliamentary boroughs: Newport and Yarmouth each electing two MPs. In 1654 a whole island constituency existed for the First Protectorate Parliament but the island reverted to the three constituencies. Otherwise, the island was part-represented by the two MPs for Hampshire; the Reform Act abolished Newtown and Yarmouth parliamentary boroughs, resurrected a county constituency for the whole island. The county electorate included freeholders, qualified by property, in the remaining parliamentary borough; the separate and overlapping Newport representation was abolished in 1885. The constituency has traditionally been a battleground between the Conservatives and the Liberal Democrats and their predecessors; the seat was held by a Liberal from 1974 until 1987, a Conservative until 1997, a Liberal Democrat until 2001, a Conservative since then.
At the 2015 election, the incumbent Conservative scored one of his party's largest reductions in vote in that year's election to the Liberal Democrat who finished in fifth place. In the 2017 general election, Nick Belfitt, the Liberal Democrat candidate, became the youngest candidate to stand for the seat at the age of 23. 1654: Lord Lisle. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected; the political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected. Caused by Simeon's death. Caused by Simeon's resignation after he converted from Anglicanism to Catholicism. Politics of the Isle of Wight List of Parliamentary constituencies in the South East List of United Kingdom Parliament constituencies Politics Resources Electoral Calculus 2017 Election House Of Commons Library 2017 Election report A Vision Of Britain Through Time Notes References
Whitwell, Isle of Wight
Whitwell is a small village located on the south of the Isle of Wight 5 kilometres north-west of Ventnor, the village's nearest town. At the 2011 Census the appropriate civil parish was Whitwell. In addition to this, it is about five minutes away from its neighbouring small villages of Godshill and Niton, the latter of which, Whitwell forms a Civil Parish. According to 2001 census data, the total population of the village was 578. There is a variety of stone and thatched housing, as well as some more modern housing, the most recent of, completed in 2006. Whitwell's small size has led it to become a close-knit community with a range of amenities including a garage, a 700-year-old church, the oldest pub on the island, dating back from the 15th century and a post office, re-located to a new premises inside the church bell tower. A trout farm is located with three lakes covering 1.5 acres. The waters are well stocked with carp and tench. Whitwell is named after the "White Well" inside the village.
The well was visited by many during medieval times on pilgrimages, now well dressing occurs annually each summer. Across Whitwell, six more old water standards can be seen, they were built in 1887 by William Spindler. Half the cost of installing the wells was covered by William Spindler himself, the remainder by people of the village; the water was supplied by Mr Granville Ward from a spring on his land at Bierley. "White" is derived from an Old English word meaning clean or pure, the village of Whitwell is to take its name from a well or spring with a reliable supply of fresh water. The original White Well, located towards the south end of the village was once a place of veneration as a'holy well' and a site of pilgrimage in the Middle Ages; the waters of the well were believed to contain healing powers for the infirm. The tradition of Well Dressing now occurs annually at the site of the well; each year the well is dressed and blessed by the local vicar giving thanks for water and a blessing for the village.
In the village, six red iron water pumps can be seen at various intervals. These were built in 1887 by William Spindler of St Lawrence whose tomb now lies in Whitwell Graveyard. One is located next to the White Well in Ventnor Road, two along Kemming Road, two along the High Street, one on Nettlecombe Road. Many of the village's buildings such as the White Horse pub, date back to the 15th century; the Church has portions dating back to as far as the 12th century, with newer additions built in the 13th, 15th and 16th centuries. In comparison to this and the rest of the village, new housing has been built recently along Bannock Road; the latest new housing was completed in 2006. In 2009 Whitwell won the award for the best kept large village, in addition to the award for the overall island's best kept village, an award it has won in 2003. Judges from the competition were impressed by maintenance of bus stops, verges seats, commercial premises and gardens and the success of the new post office. Whitwell lies within the parliamentary constituency of the Isle of Wight with the seat held by Conservative member Bob Seely, within the same area of the Isle of Wight Council.
Together with Niton, the village forms a civil parish, chaired by Councillor Tim Addison. The Parish Council has ten members, six for the Niton ward and four for the Whitwell ward, meets ten times annually. Whitwell is located in the south of the Isle of Wight to the south of Godshill, extends to the southern end; the nearest town is about 5 kilometres South of the village. Niton is the nearest village about 2 miles away, which together and Niton form a civil parish. Close to the village, is Nettlecombe, the site of a lost medieval village located to the north east; the entire village is surrounded by fields and classed as an'Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, forming part of the Isle of Wight AONB.' The relief is flat, with some slight hills. It contains 1,910 acres of land, 687 acres in 1905 being arable land, 775½ acres permanent grass, 74½ acres woodland. With the villages co-ordinates at N 50.60223 W 1.29967, its climate is warm, with a sea breeze coming in from the coast. It benefits from Ventnor's micro-climate as a result of being in a sheltered location on the cliff of the island's south coast.
This offers the village more sunny days than much of the British Isles, fewer frosts. The Eastern Yar, originating in the north-east of the island, extends an infant tributary to Whitwell and at one point, a stone sheep wash is still present; the River Yar Trail was set up on 24 May 2002, with a milestone outside the White Horse in Whitwell. Whitwell's built environment is characterised by its mixture of thatched housing. There is a mixture of single and two-story houses, with most single-story housing on Bannock Road developed with a small estate of bungalows. Terraced housing features in the centre of the village; the most notable house in the village is The Old Rectory, close to the church and was a Bed and Breakfast. The Church of St. Mary and St. Radegund is a Church of England church, located at the south end of the village, adjoining the rectory, it is the only church in the village. Parts of the church date back to different centuries, the earliest being 12th, with parts added in the 13th, 15th and 16th century.
In April 2007, the village's post office was relocated inside the church's bell tower, the first of its kind to be located inside the church. The village used to have a wide range of facilities used by local residents; however over the years, many of these have gone. These include two shops, a playgroup, its Methodist
The ancient'Kynges Towne' of Brading is the main town of the civil parish of the same name. The ecclesiastical parish of Brading used to cover about a tenth of the Isle of Wight; the civil parish now includes the town itself and Adgestone, Morton and other outlying areas between Ryde, St Helens, Bembridge and Arreton. Alverstone was transferred to the Newchurch parish some thirty years ago. From early times, Brading ranked as an important Island port; the ancient name of Brerdynge, from which'Brading' is derived meant the people living by the ridge of the Downs, dates from at least 683. The Roman Villa south of the town, Roman relics discovered locally, indicate that this was an important seaport 2,000 years ago. Signs of prehistoric activity have been found on Brading Down. History records that St Wilfrid came to the island during the 680s, landed at Brading, preached there to the islanders, began the conversion of the Island. Bede states that King Caedwalla of Wessex killed the pagan population "with merciless slaughter" and replaced them with his own Christian followers, dedicating a quarter of the Isle of Wight to Wilfrid and the Church.
Wilfrid would thus have been preaching to the converted because everyone else was dead. This legend was illustrated by a tableau at the Waxworks. Brading was first granted a charter in 1280, unusually for the time directly from King Edward I, rather than the Lord of the Isle; this led to it being known as the'King's Town'. The charter granted to Brading by Edward VI in 1548 refers to the previous charter granted by Edward I; this charter allowed the town to hold two annual fairs. Nowadays the fair is held over the first weekend in July; because of its status as a town, Brading has an elected town council. In medieval times the town was governed by the Steward, Bailiffs and 13 Jurats, returned two MPs to the Westminster Parliament. Now the town is a part of the Isle of Wight parliamentary constituency; until the 16th century the port was active. Ships lay alongside at the quay behind the Bugle Inn in the High Street. Ships came into Brading Haven for shelter and for provisions water, of a high quality.
The north-eastern part of the haven was closed off by an embankment completed in 1594, much of, still present. Ships would tie up at the far end of Quay Lane on the other side of the embankment. Throughout the Middle Ages various attempts were made to drain off the rest of the harbour. Sir Hugh Myddleton, who had constructed the New River from Enfield to central London for James I, undertook this work. After others had tried and failed, this reclamation was accomplished in 1881 by the building of a substantial embankment right across the harbour, with the building of the railway to Bembridge. So Brading now shares with Romney the distinction of being a seaport without any sea. Losing access to the sea caused Brading to decline in importance and prevented the sort of growth enjoyed by Cowes and Newport. A historic Old Town Hall stands near to the church; the New Town Hall dates from 1903. There is no record of the earliest Town Hall, but an entry in The Court Leet Book 1729 refers to the assessment of one shilling rate, a subscription towards building a new Town Hall, Market House and Prison.
In 1730 an extra 3d was added to the rate for the Town Hall. This new building remained until 1876 when it was restored to its present state, contained the Free Town Library. Before the building of the first school in 1823, the children were taught in the Town Hall, it was used for Mother's Meetings; the Town Trust now owns the building. Brading was the testing place for weights & measures for all of East Wight and these standards are still kept in the upper building together with the Town Charter. Set in the ground outside the new Town Hall, there is an iron bullring, once used to secure a bull whilst it was being baited by dogs. According to the diaries of Sir John Oglander, the Governor of the Isle of Wight would donate 5 guineas for the purchase of the bull to be baited; the Mayor attended this ceremony in full regalia and a dog, known as the Mayor's Dog, would be decked with coloured ribbons and set on the bull after the proclamation had been made. A large wooden carving of a bull decorates the Bullring.
This is by local artist Paul Sivell. Another of his works is an 10-foot wooden statue of the goddess Diana positioned in the woods above Brading at Kelly's Copse entitled "For Camilla"; this commemorates a recent murder of a Danish exchange student by a sex attacker from Gosport. Many local people stuffed toys as tribute; the town possesses a gun. It is a brass piece, made in 1549 by the Owine Brothers and Robert, so that the town might be defended from French invasion; the gun was never used in action, but was taken to the top of Brading Down in 1832 so that it could be fired to celebrate the passing of the Reform Bill. It exploded and split, putting a stop to celebrations for the day. In the 1950s, it was stolen from the "Gunne House" behind St. Mary's Church and was found in a sale room in Kent, it was returned, not to the town, but to the Oglanders at Nunwell House, where it remains beneath Fanny Oglander's bedroom window. The Town Trust has asked for it back, but Fanny Oglander has said that security arrangements should be improved and the matter remains unresolved.
Brading is part of the electoral wa
Bembridge is a village and civil parish located on the easternmost point of the Isle of Wight. It had a population of 3,848 according to the 2001 census of the United Kingdom, leading to the implausible claim by some residents that Bembridge is the largest village in England. Bembridge is home to many of the Island's wealthiest residents; the population had reduced to 3,688 at the 2011 Census. Bembridge sits at the extreme eastern point of the Isle of Wight. Prior to land reclamation the area of Bembridge and Yaverland was an island unto itself, separated from the remainder of the Isle of Wight by Brading Haven. On the Joan Blaeu map of 1665, Bembridge is shown as Binbridge Iſle, nearly separated from the rest of Wight by River Yar. Prior to the Victorian era Bembridge was a collection of wooden huts and farmhouses, which only consolidated into a true village with the building of the church in 1827; the historical heart of the village is located close to the church in the north of the village, consisting of a number of shops and restaurants, along with the Village Hall and site of the former Parish Council hall.
Bembridge Library serves the community and there is a local museum in the same location. The Lane End district is located in the east of the village, it is composed of modern bungalows and a small shopping area which includes a Co-Op store. The lane comes to an end at the beach, where Bembridge Lifeboat station and the Bembridge Coast Hotel are situated. Many of the bungalows were on the land of a cottage where Cecily Cardew lived, after whom an Oscar Wilde character was named. Moving inland from Lane End one finds Bembridge C of E Primary School, along with the local community centre, which are connected by a large recreational playing field; the Royal Isle of Wight Golf Club was located across the harbour from Bembridge. The club was formed in 1882, it closed in the 1960s. Bembridge is a local service centre, hosting Bembridge C of E Primary School, a post office, several shops located in two main areas, Methodist and Catholic churches, it is the location of a local fire station, a Royal National Lifeboat Institution lifeboat station.
Bembridge Airport is a local airport with a concrete runway, is located close to the Windmill to the south-west of the village proper heading towards Yaverland. The war memorial was designed by Percy Stone; the RNLI station is significant, as it extends into the sea to the east of the village. Here lies the notorious "Bembridge Ledge", a large, rocky outcrop which poses a major threat to passing boats. Although it is private sailing yachts which are most at risk, a wide variety of boats run aground here in the stormy weather conditions which affect the Solent during winter months. A former Bembridge lifeboat, the RNLB Jesse Lumb, is part of the National Historic Fleet, exhibited at Imperial War Museum Duxford; the current offshore boathouse was completed in Autumn 2010 by BAM Nuttall and Ecochoice and houses a new Tamar class boat, the'Alfred Albert Williams'. A complete new concrete walkway was built, the new station is made of durable timber; the Inshore lifeboat station was rebuilt in 2014, the interior of the offshore boathouse is accessible to visitors during set days when the station isn't on alert.
The original Victorian boathouse survives, is used as the station's shop. Close to the lifeboat station lies a coastguard lookout. Positioned at a high elevation, this offers views of the Solent meeting the English Channel to the east of the Isle of Wight. From this vantage point one is able to view a variety of watercraft year round, although there is more marine traffic in the summer. Bembridge Windmill, the only remaining windmill on the Isle of Wight, is located to the west of the village. Dating from around 1700, it is a National Trust property open from April to October. Bembridge is represented on the Isle of Wight Council by the two members of the ward of Bembridge, St. Helens and Brading. Bembridge is governed by a Parish council of 12 members. For parish council elections the village is divided into two wards, the North and South, each electing six members to the body; the parish council has succeeded in obtaining Lottery funding for improvements to the village including a play-park in Steyne Park.
It is one of the few Parish Councils that has a village centre office open 5 days a week. Bembridge is twinned with Plédran, France but in name only as the federation has lapsed through non-use. Public transport to Newport and Sandown is provided by Southern Vectis bus route 8. Bembridge railway station, located in the north-west of the village close to the harbour served the village, with services to Brading, until 1953; the station became derelict and was demolished around 1970. Holy Trinity Church, Bembridge List of current places of worship on the Isle of Wight Bembridge Boarding Campus Bembridge School, is now owned by Ryde School with Upper Chine, whose lessees run Kingswood Centre. Kingswood Centre operates Kingswood during Camp Beaumont during school holidays; however it is closed for a few weeks in the winter. Ryde School with Upper Chine have their Boarders boarding at Bembridge Boarding Campus. New House Bembridge School is a Grade II Listed Building. Bembridge School Chapel is a Grade IIGV Listed Building with Edward Woore stained glass to beautify it.
Bembridge travel guide from Wikivoyage Bembridge Parish Council
England is a country, part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to Scotland to the north-northwest; the Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea lies to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south; the country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight. The area now called England was first inhabited by modern humans during the Upper Palaeolithic period, but takes its name from the Angles, a Germanic tribe deriving its name from the Anglia peninsula, who settled during the 5th and 6th centuries. England became a unified state in the 10th century, since the Age of Discovery, which began during the 15th century, has had a significant cultural and legal impact on the wider world; the English language, the Anglican Church, English law – the basis for the common law legal systems of many other countries around the world – developed in England, the country's parliamentary system of government has been adopted by other nations.
The Industrial Revolution began in 18th-century England, transforming its society into the world's first industrialised nation. England's terrain is chiefly low hills and plains in central and southern England. However, there is upland and mountainous terrain in the west; the capital is London, which has the largest metropolitan area in both the United Kingdom and the European Union. England's population of over 55 million comprises 84% of the population of the United Kingdom concentrated around London, the South East, conurbations in the Midlands, the North West, the North East, Yorkshire, which each developed as major industrial regions during the 19th century; the Kingdom of England – which after 1535 included Wales – ceased being a separate sovereign state on 1 May 1707, when the Acts of Union put into effect the terms agreed in the Treaty of Union the previous year, resulting in a political union with the Kingdom of Scotland to create the Kingdom of Great Britain. In 1801, Great Britain was united with the Kingdom of Ireland to become the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
In 1922 the Irish Free State seceded from the United Kingdom, leading to the latter being renamed the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The name "England" is derived from the Old English name Englaland, which means "land of the Angles"; the Angles were one of the Germanic tribes that settled in Great Britain during the Early Middle Ages. The Angles came from the Anglia peninsula in the Bay of Kiel area of the Baltic Sea; the earliest recorded use of the term, as "Engla londe", is in the late-ninth-century translation into Old English of Bede's Ecclesiastical History of the English People. The term was used in a different sense to the modern one, meaning "the land inhabited by the English", it included English people in what is now south-east Scotland but was part of the English kingdom of Northumbria; the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle recorded that the Domesday Book of 1086 covered the whole of England, meaning the English kingdom, but a few years the Chronicle stated that King Malcolm III went "out of Scotlande into Lothian in Englaland", thus using it in the more ancient sense.
According to the Oxford English Dictionary, its modern spelling was first used in 1538. The earliest attested reference to the Angles occurs in the 1st-century work by Tacitus, Germania, in which the Latin word Anglii is used; the etymology of the tribal name itself is disputed by scholars. How and why a term derived from the name of a tribe, less significant than others, such as the Saxons, came to be used for the entire country and its people is not known, but it seems this is related to the custom of calling the Germanic people in Britain Angli Saxones or English Saxons to distinguish them from continental Saxons of Old Saxony between the Weser and Eider rivers in Northern Germany. In Scottish Gaelic, another language which developed on the island of Great Britain, the Saxon tribe gave their name to the word for England. An alternative name for England is Albion; the name Albion referred to the entire island of Great Britain. The nominally earliest record of the name appears in the Aristotelian Corpus the 4th-century BC De Mundo: "Beyond the Pillars of Hercules is the ocean that flows round the earth.
In it are two large islands called Britannia. But modern scholarly consensus ascribes De Mundo not to Aristotle but to Pseudo-Aristotle, i.e. it was written in the Graeco-Roman period or afterwards. The word Albion or insula Albionum has two possible origins, it either derives from a cognate of the Latin albus meaning white, a reference to the white cliffs of Dover or from the phrase the "island of the Albiones" in the now lost Massaliote Periplus, attested through Avienus' Ora Maritima to which the former served as a source. Albion is now applied to England in a more poetic capacity. Another romantic name for England is Loegria, related to the Welsh word for England and made popular by its use in Arthurian legend; the earliest known evidence of human presence in the area now known as England was that of Homo antecessor, dating to approximate
Lake, Isle of Wight
Lake is a large village and civil parish located on Sandown Bay, on the Isle of Wight, England. It is six miles south-east of Newport situated between Sandown and Shanklin, 1 1⁄2 miles to the east of the hamlet of Apse Heath. Lake is named after the Old English "Lacu" referring to the creek that ran along, has been artificially widened into what is now Scotchells Brook, between the Isle of Wight Airport, the Morrisons Superstore and the Spithead Industrial Park; the high street that runs through Lake has not changed much since the early 20th century. However, the village war memorial, constructed in 1920, has been relocated behind the Fairway Bus Shelter due to having been run down twice by carelessly driven lorries; the thatched building at Merrie Gardens dates from the 17th century and is the oldest surviving building in Lake. Lake is a seaside village situated above the cliffs on Sandown bay, it stands at an elevation of 63 feet above sea-level. Lake's beach or'Welcome Beach' has golden sands and reached by a steep path down the sandstone cliffs to the Revetment.
It has beach huts, a Sea Scout hut and inshore lifeboat. A large public park called Los Altos starts at the boundary between Sandown. Another large park called Lake Cliff Gardens borders the cliffs that back onto the beach and stretches between Lake and Shanklin. Local wildlife includes Pipistrelle bats at Los Altos, kestrels along the Cliff Path and Common Toads which spawn in the disused reservoir behind the Mall; the wetlands of the River Yar are an SSSI supporting newts and wildfowl. The village has the Broadlea primary school at Blackpan and a Church of England Secondary The Bay School at the bottom of the Fairway. There are several pubs including The Porter Club and a Townswomens' Guild. Local businesses include Downer & White undertakers, Swinton Insurance, Allegri accountants, RSPCA charity shop and a veterinary practice; the village features an Indian and Chinese Restaurant plus two Chinese takeaways, a kebab shop and Lake Fish Bar. There are a doctor's pharmacy; the disused medical clinic at the corner of Lake Hill and the Fairway is now a Co-Operative funeral parlour.
There were two pubs in the village - The Stag and the Manor House. The Manor House has since reopened as a Tesco Metro. However, another pub, "The Merrie Garden" has opened near the Morrison's store. Alongside The Merrie Garden pub, a new Premier Inn has been built, it opened in late 2015. A branch of KFC is under construction nearby, will open in December 2018. Sandown & Shanklin Golf Course is behind the Rugby Club in front; the village has a Methodist Church, opened in 1956 and upgraded from 2009-11 with the addition of a church hall. The old church, built in 1877, compleat with a hall and schoolroom is now a multi-purpose building with both halls being converted into housing; the Anglican Church of the Good Shepherd, constructed designed in 1892, is in the village. Construction finished in May 1894 and it replaced the former Little Iron Church of 1876. There is a Kingdom Hall of Jehovah's Witnesses. Public transport is provided by Southern Vectis bus routes 2, 3 and 8 - which run between Newport, Sandown, Shanklin and Bembridge.
Night buses operate on Saturday nights. Having opened in 1987, Lake railway station was the newest on the island until the construction of a station at Smallbrook Junction in 1994; the station is placed in the heart of a quiet residential area close to Lake Cliff Gardens. Some current photographs Historical photographs of Lake from the Francis Frith collection Hilton Price's Nostalgic Lake
Yarmouth, Isle of Wight
Yarmouth is a town and civil parish in the west of the Isle of Wight, off the south coast of England. The town is named for its location at the mouth of the small Western Yar river; the town grew near the river crossing a ferry, replaced with a road bridge in 1863. Yarmouth has been a settlement for over a thousand years, is one of the earliest on the island; the first account of the settlement is in Ethelred the Unready's record of the Danegeld tax of 991, when it was called Eremue, meaning "muddy estuary". The Normans laid out the streets on a plan which can still be seen today, it grew being given its first charter as a town in 1135. The town became a parliamentary borough in the Middle Ages, the Yarmouth constituency was represented by two members of Parliament until 1832; until the castle was built, raids by the French hurt the town. Legend has it that the church bells were carried off to Boulogne. Yarmouth Castle was built in 1547, is now in the care of English Heritage, it is a gun platform, built by Henry VIII to fortify the Solent and protect against any attempted invasion of England.
For many years Yarmouth was the seat of the Governor of the Island. It has a quaint Town Hall, rebuilt in 1763. In St. James's Church there is a monument to the 17th century admiral Sir Robert Holmes, at Yarmouth, he obtained it in a raid on a French ship, when he seized an unfinished statue of Louis XIV of France and forced the sculptor to finish it with his own head rather than the king's. In 1784 most of Yarmouth's ancient charters were lost: A ship's captain, drunk after a court dinner, stole what he thought was a case of wine, as he returned to his ship; when he discovered it was a case of books, he threw it overboard. Yarmouth Pier was opened in 1876, it received Grade 2 listed status in 1975. 685 ft long, it's now 609 ft but is still the longest timber pier in England open to the public, a docking point for the MV Balmoral and PS Waverley. Several Sites of Special Scientific Interest lie close to Yarmouth, including Yar Estuary SSSI & Bouldnor And Hamstead Cliffs SSSI; as a port and market town Yarmouth has had local commercial significance.
It still has some boat yards and chandlery, although small it still supports a number of shops, hotels and restaurants, supported by passing trade from the ferry terminal and visiting boat owners. The Wightlink car ferry sails from Yarmouth to Lymington in Hampshire. Southern Vectis operate bus services from Yarmouth bus station, a small building near the ferry terminal, the main route being route 7 serving Totland, Alum Bay, Freshwater and Shalfleet as well as Yarmouth. To reach Yarmouth, route 7 uses Pixley Hill, which has caused some controversy amongst local residents who do not believe the road is large enough for buses; the controversy was started by former route 11 being extended to serve Yarmouth and using the lane in September 2008. In the spring and summer, Southern Vectis operate an open top bus called "The Needles Tour" that runs through Freshwater Bay to Alum Bay and onto the Needles Battery down a bus and pedestrian-only road along the cliff edge. For the more athletic, Yarmouth is on the Isle of Wight Coastal Path.
The parish was once served with services to Newport. Passenger services ended in 1953, the track has long since been removed. In August 2014 the converted and expanded railway station opened as a restaurant. Yarmouth is one of the smallest towns in the United Kingdom; the 2011 census reported the parish of Yarmouth having 865 usual residents. In 2001 the population was just 791. Yarmouth hosted the popular biannual Old Gaffers festival which included several days of entertainment and shows, but in September 2018 it was announced that the event would no longer be held. Yarmouth marina is the landing point for the Royal Navy's Solent Amphibious Challenge, held in June each year.. Official website of Yarmouth Harbour Commissioners Yarmouth Town Council