St. Clair County, Illinois
St. Clair County is the oldest county in the U. S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 United States Census, it had a population of 270,056, making it the eighth-most populous county in Illinois and the most populous in the southern portion of the state, its county seat is Belleville. The county was founded in 1790 by the government of the Northwest Territory, before the establishment of Illinois as a state. Cahokia Village in the county was founded in 1697 and was a French settlement and former Jesuit mission. St. Clair County is part of the American Bottom or Metro-East area of the St. Louis, MO-IL Metropolitan Statistical Area. In 1970, the United States Census Bureau placed the mean center of U. S. population in St. Clair County; this area was occupied for thousands of years by cultures of indigenous peoples. The first modern explorers and colonists of the area were French and French Canadians, founding a mission settlement in 1697 now known as Cahokia Village. After Great Britain defeated France in the Seven Years' War in 1763 and absorbed its territory in North America east of the Mississippi River, British-American colonists began to move into the area.
Many ethnic and Catholic French moved to settlements west of the river rather than live under British Protestant rule. After the United States achieved independence in the late 18th century, St. Clair County was the first county established in present-day Illinois; the county was established in 1790 by a proclamation of Arthur St. Clair, first governor of the Northwest Territory, who named it after himself; the original boundary of St. Clair county covered a large area between the Ohio rivers. In 1801, Governor William Henry Harrison re-established St. Clair County as part of the Indiana Territory, extending its northern border to Lake Superior and the international border with Rupert's Land; when the Illinois Territory was created in 1809, Territorial Secretary Nathaniel Pope, in his capacity as acting governor, issued a proclamation establishing St. Clair and Randolph County as the two original counties of Illinois. Developed for agriculture, this area became industrialized and urbanized in the area of East St. Louis, Illinois, a city that developed on the east side of the Mississippi River from St. Louis, Missouri.
It was always influenced by actions of businessmen from St. Louis, who were French Creole fur traders with western trading networks. In the 19th century, industrialists from St. Louis put coal plants and other heavy industry on the east side of the river, developing East St. Louis. Coal from southern mines was transported on the river to East St. Louis fed by barge to St. Louis furnaces as needed. After bridges spanned the river, industry expanded. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the cities attracted immigrants from southern and eastern Europe and from the South. In 1910 there were 6,000 African Americans in the city. With the Great Migration underway from the rural South, to leave behind Jim Crow and disenfranchisement, by 1917, the African-American population in East St. Louis had doubled. Whites were hired first and given higher–paying jobs, but there were still opportunities for American blacks. If hired as strikebreakers, they were resented by white workers, both groups competed for jobs and limited housing in East St. Louis.
The city had not been able to keep up with the rapid growth of population. The United States was developing war industries to support its eventual entry into the Great War, now known as World War I. In February 1917 tensions in the city arose. Employers fiercely resisted union organizing, sometimes with violence. In this case they hired hundreds of blacks as strikebreakers. White workers complained to the city council about this practice in late May. Rumors circulated about an armed African American man robbing a white man, whites began to attack blacks on the street; the governor ordered in the National Guard and peace seemed restored by early June. "On July 1, a white man in a Ford shot into black homes. Armed African-Americans gathered in the area and shot into another oncoming Ford, killing two men who turned out to be police officers investigating the shooting." Word spread and whites gathered at the Labor Temple. From July 1 through July 3, 1917, the East St. Louis riots engulfed the city, with whites attacking blacks throughout the city, pulling them from streetcars and hanging them, burning their houses.
During this period, some African Americans tried to use boats to get to safety. The official death toll was 39 blacks and nine whites, but some historians believe more blacks were killed; because the riots were racial terrorism, the Equal Justice Initiative has included these deaths among the lynchings of African Americans in the state of Illinois in its 2017 3rd edition of its report, Lynching in America. The riots had disrupted East St. Louis, which had seemed to be on the rise as a flourishing industrial city. In addition to the human toll, they cost $400,000 in property damage, they have been described as among the worst labor and race-related riots in United States history, they devastated the African-American community. Rebuilding was difficult as workers were being drafted to fight in World War I; when the veterans returned, they struggled to find jobs and re-enter the economy, which had to shift down to peacetime. In the late 20th c
Bond County, Illinois
Bond County is a county located in the U. S. state of Illinois. As of the 2010 census, the population was 17,768, its county seat is Greenville. Bond County is included in MO-IL Metropolitan Statistical Area. Bond County was formed in 1817 out of Madison County, it was named for Shadrach Bond, the delegate from the Illinois Territory to the United States Congress, who thereupon became the first governor of Illinois, serving from 1818 to 1822. The county's primary city, had a post office from 1819 and was incorporated as a town in 1855 and as a city in 1872. A few possible reasons have been put forth for the naming of the town; some think the town was named after Greenville, North Carolina, named after Revolutionary War general Nathanael Greene. Others say that Greenville was named by early settler Thomas White because it was "so green and nice." A third possibility is that Greenville was named after the town's first merchant. In 1824, a vote taken on slavery in Bond County had received 240 votes against and 63 votes for slavery.
While Illinois was not a slave state, it was adjacent to slave states and Kentucky, did allow the continued use of "indentured servants," a process many slaveowners used to keep their slaves in a free state. In Bond County, at one point 14 slaves were registered to eight owners. One slave, Silas Register, took his last name from the act of being registered at the county clerk's office. Register was the last known Bond County slave. A few of the slaves are buried in the county with the families they were indentured to. One former slave, was free after her owners moved out of the state and worked in the town so that she could buy her husband, Stephen, at auction in Missouri. During the 1840s, Bond County played host to a few people conducting slaves to freedom on the Underground Railroad. Teacher T. A. Jones lived in Reno and in 2008, a letter in which he told of his Underground Railroad activities was discovered in a staircase in Sparta. Slaves were spirited from Missouri, sometimes through Carlyle to Bond County.
Rev. John Leeper was able to disguise his Underground Railroad activities due to his milling business. Dr. Henry Perrine helped with the secret railroad activities. Rev. George Denny's house was found in the 1930s to conceal a secret chamber, used in the Railroad. Greenville University was founded as Almira College in 1855. In 1941, college president H. J. Long "declared the founding of Almira and Greenville ran parallel, for both were founded on prayer."When Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas gave speeches in Greenville in 1858 during a campaign for the United States Senate, Douglas said: "Ladies and gentlemen it gives me great and supreme gratification and pleasure to see this vast concourse of people assembled to hear me upon this my first visit to Old Bond." The Illinois State Register reported of the occasion: "I've seen many gatherings in Old Bond county but I never saw anything equal to this and I never expect to."On November 21, 1915, the Liberty Bell passed through Greenville on its nationwide tour returning to Pennsylvania from the Panama-Pacific International Exposition in San Francisco.
After that trip, the Liberty Bell will not be moved again. The Greenville Public Library was established as a Carnegie library and is on the National Register of Historic Places. Hogue Hall at Greenville College appears on the National Register. On April 18, 1934, during the Great Depression, a group of 500 protesters marched to the Illinois Emergency Relief Commission to lodge complaints about the delivery of emergency supplies from the state and federal governments. Ronald Reagan visited Greenville on the campaign trail in the 1980s and gave a speech on the courthouse lawn. Barack Obama, the junior Senator from Illinois elected as President in November 2008 visited Greenville while campaigning for his Senate seat in 2004, in a visit hosted by the Bond County Democrats. Women in Bond County could vote for the first time in 1914. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 383 square miles, of which 380 square miles is land and 2.5 square miles is water. Montgomery County – north Fayette County – east Clinton County – south Madison County – west Interstate 70 U.
S. Route 40 Illinois Route 127 Illinois Route 140 Illinois Route 143 In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Greenville have ranged from a low of 21 °F in January to a high of 91 °F in July, although a record low of −22 °F was recorded in February 1905 and a record high of 114 °F was recorded in July 1954. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.00 inches in February to 4.31 inches in May. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 17,768 people, 6,427 households, 4,340 families residing in the county; the population density was 46.7 inhabitants per square mile. There were 7,089 housing units at an average density of 18.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 90.9% white, 6.1% black or African American, 0.5% American Indian, 0.4% Asian, 0.3% from other races, 1.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 3.1% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 26.6% were German, 12.2% were English, 10.1% were Irish, 8.4% were American.
Of the 6,427 households, 30.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.6% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.5% were non-families, 26.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2
Collinsville is a city located in Madison County, in St. Clair County, both in Illinois; as of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 25,579, an increase from 24,707 in 2000. Collinsville is 12 miles from St. Louis, Missouri and is considered part of that city's Metro-East area, it is the site of the Brooks Catsup Bottle Water Tower, the world's largest ketchup bottle, is the world's horseradish capital. Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site, a National Historic Landmark and UNESCO World Heritage Site, extends beyond the boundaries of the city toward the west; this prehistoric urban complex is estimated to have had a population of thousands at its peak, long before European exploration in the area. Monks Mound, the largest man-made earthwork in North America, is part of this complex. Collinsville is located at 38°40′28″N 89°59′43″W 12 miles due east of St Louis; the 90W longitude line passes through Collinsville. According to the 2010 census, Collinsville has a total area of 14.874 square miles, of which 14.68 square miles is land and 0.194 square miles is water.
As of the census of 2010, there were 25,579 people, 10,458 households, 6,672 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,817.4 people per square mile. There were 11,025 housing units at an average density of 811.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 87.4% White, 11.2% African American, 0.8% Native American, 1.1% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.7% from other races. There were 10,458 households out of which 29.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.1% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.2% were non-families. 30.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.94. In the city, the age distribution of the population shows 23.2% under the age of 18, 9.7% from 18 to 24, 30.5% from 25 to 44, 21.9% from 45 to 64, 14.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years.
For every 100 females, there were 93.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.3 males. The median income for a household in the city was $42,353, the median income for a family was $54,956. Males had a median income of $39,379 versus $27,409 for females; the per capita income for the city was $22,048. About 5.6% of families and 7.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.2% of those under age 18 and 6.6% of those age 65 or over. Collinsville is the self-proclaimed "Horseradish Capital of the World", sponsors an annual Horseradish Festival; the area is said to produce 85% of the world's horseradish, of such high quality that Germany and China import it for gourmet use. The Horseradish Festival is held annually during the first weekend in June at Woodland Park located off Route 159 in Collinsville, it has activities for all ages, including a 5K run, live music, a beauty pageant, root-grinding demonstrations. One of the most popular events is the Root Derby, sponsored by American Family Insurance, for which participants make a derby car from a horseradish root and race the "vehicles" during the festival.
Known for its large ethnic Italian population, descendants of late 19th and early 20th-century immigrants, Collinsville hosts an annual Italian Fest in the fall. The Italian Fest has been held annually since 1983 and is located in uptown Collinsville on Main Street; this two-day festival celebrates everything Italian. Other activities include a parade, midnight bike ride, 5K Run/Walk, Little Miss & Mister Pageant, Bocce Ball Tournament, a grape stomp. Collinsville is the site of the Brooks Catsup Bottle Water Tower, "the world's largest catsup bottle", a 170-foot-tall water tower in the shape of a ketchup bottle, listed on the National Register of Historic Places; the bottle along with the property was put up for sale for $500,000.00 on July 12, 2014. In order to celebrate this roadside landmark, Collinsville hosts an annual World's Largest Catsup Bottle Festival in July; the Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site is located within the city limits of Collinsville. The largest Pre-Columbian settlement north of Mexico, it was developed by the Mississippian culture.
This large park has been designated as a National Historic Landmark and was one of the first eight UNESCO World Heritage Sites designated within the United States. At its peak about 1200 CE, Cahokia had a population of 20,000-30,000, more than any city in the present-day United States until after 1800, it includes Monks Mound, the largest prehistoric earthwork in the Americas, more than 70 surviving smaller mounds. Monks Mound is larger at its base than the Great Pyramid of Giza. A museum and visitors' center provide a movie and displays which present the lives of the ancient inhabitants. During the French colonial era of its Illinois Country, a group of French Catholic monks had a settlement on Monks Mound, after whom it was named, they cultivated agriculture on the terraces of the mound. They traded with bands of the historic Illini, who had migrated into the area after the peak of the Mississippian culture. Collinsville was settled by the Cook family and by a group of German-American settlers who arrived by Conestoga wagon in 1812 from Pennsylvania.
They founded Holy Cross Lutheran Church. They had a hardware store
Marriage called matrimony or wedlock, is a or ritually recognised union between spouses that establishes rights and obligations between those spouses, as well as between them and any resulting biological or adopted children and affinity. The definition of marriage varies around the world not only between cultures and between religions, but throughout the history of any given culture and religion, evolving to both expand and constrict in who and what is encompassed, but it is principally an institution in which interpersonal relationships sexual, are acknowledged or sanctioned. In some cultures, marriage is recommended or considered to be compulsory before pursuing any sexual activity; when defined broadly, marriage is considered a cultural universal. A marriage ceremony is known as a wedding. Individuals may marry for several reasons, including legal, libidinal, financial and religious purposes. Whom they marry may be influenced by gender determined rules of incest, prescriptive marriage rules, parental choice and individual desire.
In some areas of the world, arranged marriage, child marriage and sometimes forced marriage, may be practiced as a cultural tradition. Conversely, such practices may be outlawed and penalized in parts of the world out of concerns of the infringement of women's rights, or the infringement of children's rights, because of international law. Around the world in developed democracies, there has been a general trend towards ensuring equal rights within marriage for women and recognizing the marriages of interfaith and same-sex couples; these trends coincide with the broader human rights movement. Marriage can be recognized by a state, an organization, a religious authority, a tribal group, a local community, or peers, it is viewed as a contract. When a marriage is performed and carried out by a government institution in accordance with the marriage laws of the jurisdiction, without religious content, it is a civil marriage. Civil marriage recognizes and creates the rights and obligations intrinsic to matrimony before the state.
When a marriage is performed with religious content under the auspices of a religious institution it is a religious marriage. Religious marriage recognizes and creates the rights and obligations intrinsic to matrimony before that religion. Religious marriage is known variously as sacramental marriage in Catholicism, nikah in Islam, nissuin in Judaism, various other names in other faith traditions, each with their own constraints as to what constitutes, who can enter into, a valid religious marriage; some countries do not recognize locally performed religious marriage on its own, require a separate civil marriage for official purposes. Conversely, civil marriage does not exist in some countries governed by a religious legal system, such as Saudi Arabia, where marriages contracted abroad might not be recognized if they were contracted contrary to Saudi interpretations of Islamic religious law. In countries governed by a mixed secular-religious legal system, such as in Lebanon and Israel, locally performed civil marriage does not exist within the country, preventing interfaith and various other marriages contradicting religious laws from being entered into in the country, civil marriages performed abroad are recognized by the state if they conflict with religious laws.
The act of marriage creates normative or legal obligations between the individuals involved, any offspring they may produce or adopt. In terms of legal recognition, most sovereign states and other jurisdictions limit marriage to opposite-sex couples and a diminishing number of these permit polygyny, child marriages, forced marriages. In modern times, a growing number of countries developed democracies, have lifted bans on and have established legal recognition for the marriages of interfaith and same-sex couples; some cultures allow the dissolution of marriage through annulment. In some areas, child marriages and polygamy may occur in spite of national laws against the practice. Since the late twentieth century, major social changes in Western countries have led to changes in the demographics of marriage, with the age of first marriage increasing, fewer people marrying, more couples choosing to cohabit rather than marry. For example, the number of marriages in Europe decreased by 30% from 1975 to 2005.
In most cultures, married women had few rights of their own, being considered, along with the family's children, the property of the husband. In Europe, the United States, other places in the developed world, beginning in the late 19th century and lasting through the 21st century, marriage has undergone gradual legal changes, aimed at improving the rights of the wife; these changes included giving wives legal identities of their own, abolishing the right of husbands to physically discipline their wives, giving wives property rights, liberalizing divorce laws, providing wives with reproductive rights of their own, requiring a wife's consent when sexual relations occur. These changes have occurred in Western countries. In the 21st century, there continue to be controversies regarding the legal status of married women, legal acceptance of or leniency towards violence within marriage, traditional marriage customs such as dowry and bride price, for
Belleville is a city in St. Clair County, coterminous with the now defunct Belleville Township; the population was 42,034 according to the Census Bureau's 2015 estimates. It is the eighth-most populated city in the state outside the Chicago metropolitan area, the most-populated city in the state south of Springfield, it is the county seat of St. Clair County, the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Belleville and the National Shrine of Our Lady of the Snows. Belleville is the most-populated city in the Metro-East region of the St. Louis Metropolitan Area and in Southern Illinois. Due to its proximity to Scott Air Force Base, the population receives a boost from military and federal civilian personnel, defense contractors, military retirees. George Blair named the city of Belleville in 1814; because Blair donated an acre of his land for the town square and an additional 25 acres adjoining the square for the new county seat, the legislature transferred the county seat from the village of Cahokia.
The latter had been established by French colonists as a mission village in the late 17th century. Belleville was incorporated as a village in 1819, became a city in 1850, it is said that Blair named the city Belleville because he believed that a French name would attract new residents. Major immigration in the mid-19th century to this area occurred following revolutions in Germany, most of the European-American population is of German ancestry. Many of the educated Germans fled their homeland after the failure of the German Revolution in 1848. Belleville was the center of the first important German settlement in Illinois. By 1870, an estimated 90% of the city's population was either German-born or of German descent. After the Civil War, Belleville became a manufacturing center producing nails, printing presses, gray iron castings, agricultural equipment, stoves. Belleville became known as "The Stove Capital of the World." The first brewery in Illinois was established in Belleville. In 1868, Gustav Goelitz founded the candy company, known today as "Jelly Belly."An immense deposit of bituminous coal was found in St. Clair County.
By 1874, some farmers had become coal miners. One hundred shaft mines were in operation around Belleville; the coal brought the steam railroad to town, which allowed for the transport of many tons of coal to be shipped daily from Belleville to St. Louis on the west side of the Mississippi River, for use in its industries and businesses. Belleville had the first electric trolley in the state; the first style of houses in Belleville were simple brick cottages, known locally as "German street houses" or "row houses." Architectural styles flourished in greater variety, featuring American Foursquare, French Second Empire, Greek Revival, Gothic Revival, Queen Anne, Victorian. The Belleville Historic District, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1976, comprises 73 contributing properties; the "Old Belleville Historic District," was defined and recognized in 1974 and is the city's first historic district. The city has designated two more historic districts: "Hexenbukel" and "Oakland".
Belleville's early German immigrants were educated, with most of them having graduated from German universities. They were nicknamed "Latin Farmers" because of this. After 1836 Gustav Koerner contributed to establish the city's public library; the Belleville Public Library is the state's oldest, predating the Illinois State Library by three years. The German settlers founded choral and dramatic groups, as well as literary societies, they established one of the first kindergartens in the country here. The National Civic League recognized Belleville in 2011 as one of the ten recipients of the All-America City Award. Belleville is located at 38°31′18″N 89°59′43″W. According to the 2010 census, Belleville has a total area of 23.009 square miles, of which 22.74 square miles is land and 0.269 square miles is water. Richland Creek flows through much of Belleville; the Belleville Philharmonic Society was formed in 1866, making it the second oldest philharmonic orchestra in the country. With the increase in black population and migrants from the South, musicians developed who played blues and jazz.
Jay Farrar, Mike Heidorn, Jeff Tweedy of the now-defunct alt country group Uncle Tupelo are from Belleville. Another major musician was Neal Doughty, keyboardist for 1970s rock band REO Speedwagon. Belleville Historic District Gustave Koerner House Knobeloch-Seibert Farm Belleville holds several celebrations throughout the year: Rowdies Rugby Football Club – the only rugby football club in the Belleville area. Lindenwood Stadium is a college football stadium with alternating gray stripes, it has been called "The nation's most original football field." Belleville Running Club - a recreational running club based in Belleville organized under the Road Runners Club of America. The club puts on training programs for the community, hosts group runs, performs community service, hosted the Belleville Main Street Marathon. Belleville was named an RRCA Runner Friendly Community for 2014-2019; as of the census of 2000, there were 41,410 people, 17,603 households, 10,420 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,196.4 people per square mile.
There were 19,142 housing units at an average density of 1,015.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 81.51% White, 15.51% African American, 0.26% Native Am
United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U. S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy; the Census Bureau is part of the U. S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States; the Census Bureau's primary mission is conducting the U. S. Census every ten years, which allocates the seats of the U. S. House of Representatives to the states based on their population; the Bureau's various censuses and surveys help allocate over $400 billion in federal funds every year and it helps states, local communities, businesses make informed decisions. The information provided by the census informs decisions on where to build and maintain schools, transportation infrastructure, police and fire departments. In addition to the decennial census, the Census Bureau continually conducts dozens of other censuses and surveys, including the American Community Survey, the U. S. Economic Census, the Current Population Survey.
Furthermore and foreign trade indicators released by the federal government contain data produced by the Census Bureau. Article One of the United States Constitution directs the population be enumerated at least once every ten years and the resulting counts used to set the number of members from each state in the House of Representatives and, by extension, in the Electoral College; the Census Bureau now conducts a full population count every 10 years in years ending with a zero and uses the term "decennial" to describe the operation. Between censuses, the Census Bureau makes population projections. In addition, Census data directly affects how more than $400 billion per year in federal and state funding is allocated to communities for neighborhood improvements, public health, education and more; the Census Bureau is mandated with fulfilling these obligations: the collecting of statistics about the nation, its people, economy. The Census Bureau's legal authority is codified in Title 13 of the United States Code.
The Census Bureau conducts surveys on behalf of various federal government and local government agencies on topics such as employment, health, consumer expenditures, housing. Within the bureau, these are known as "demographic surveys" and are conducted perpetually between and during decennial population counts; the Census Bureau conducts economic surveys of manufacturing, retail and other establishments and of domestic governments. Between 1790 and 1840, the census was taken by marshals of the judicial districts; the Census Act of 1840 established a central office. Several acts followed that revised and authorized new censuses at the 10-year intervals. In 1902, the temporary Census Office was moved under the Department of Interior, in 1903 it was renamed the Census Bureau under the new Department of Commerce and Labor; the department was intended to consolidate overlapping statistical agencies, but Census Bureau officials were hindered by their subordinate role in the department. An act in 1920 changed the date and authorized manufacturing censuses every two years and agriculture censuses every 10 years.
In 1929, a bill was passed mandating the House of Representatives be reapportioned based on the results of the 1930 Census. In 1954, various acts were codified into Title 13 of the US Code. By law, the Census Bureau must count everyone and submit state population totals to the U. S. President by December 31 of any year ending in a zero. States within the Union receive the results in the spring of the following year; the United States Census Bureau defines four statistical regions, with nine divisions. The Census Bureau regions are "widely used...for data collection and analysis". The Census Bureau definition is pervasive. Regional divisions used by the United States Census Bureau: Region 1: Northeast Division 1: New England Division 2: Mid-Atlantic Region 2: Midwest Division 3: East North Central Division 4: West North Central Region 3: South Division 5: South Atlantic Division 6: East South Central Division 7: West South Central Region 4: West Division 8: Mountain Division 9: Pacific Many federal, state and tribal governments use census data to: Decide the location of new housing and public facilities, Examine the demographic characteristics of communities and the US, Plan transportation systems and roadways, Determine quotas and creation of police and fire precincts, Create localized areas for elections, utilities, etc.
Gathers population information every 10 years The United States Census Bureau is committed to confidentiality, guarantees non-disclosure of any addresses or personal information related to individuals or establishments. Title 13 of the U. S. Code establishes penalties for the disclosure of this information. All Census employees must sign an affidavit of non-disclosure prior to employment; the Bureau cannot share responses, addresses or personal information with anyone including United States or foreign government
Glen Carbon, Illinois
Glen Carbon is a village in Madison County, United States, 19 miles northeast of St. Louis; the population was 12,934 at the 2010 census. In 1801, Colonel Samuel Judy received a military grant for 100 acres of land near the base of the bluffs, just north of Judy Creek, became one of the first permanent settlers of Madison County; the land was called Goshen Settlement, after the biblical land of Goshen. It was renamed Glen Carbon to reflect its coal mining heritage. Glen Carbon was incorporated as a village in 1892, it operated many coal mines until the last one shut down in 1934. Another industry was the St. Louis brick company. Glen Carbon residents served during World War I; the city's Doughboy statue, honoring their service, has been selected as part of a national competition for restoration as part of the nation's World War I centennial activities. Three railroads once served Glen Carbon; the Illinois Central Railroad, now the Ronald J. Foster Sr. Heritage Bike Trail, became one of the first rails to trails projects in the US, in 1992.
The other two lines were the Norfolk Southern line and the Chicago and North Western line, which ran parallel with each other the entire way through Glen Carbon, stopped operating in Glen Carbon in March 2000. The Nickel Plate Bike Trail follows both of those right-of-ways, switching back and forth between the NS and CNW lines the whole way through Glen Carbon. Built in 1914, this building began as a school house, it is located on School Street. Exhibits include: Importance of the railroad and coal mines Military memorabilia from Glen Carbon’s fighting men and women Historical photographic collection Baseball memorabilia Doll collection Arrowhead collection The Yanda Log Cabin is a satellite addition to the Heritage museum. In February 2017, the Yanda Log Cabin received a historical recognition plaque from the National Society Colonial Dames XVII Century organization. Glen Carbon is located at 38°45′35″N 89°58′9″W. According to the 2010 census, Glen Carbon has a total area of 10.188 square miles, of which 10.04 square miles is land and 0.148 square miles is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 10,425 people, 4,011 households, 2,815 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,405.5 people per square mile. There were 4,236 housing units at an average density of 571.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 89.09% White, 6.96% African American, 0.20% Native American, 2.12% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.41% from other races, 1.17% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.50% of the population. There were 4,011 households out of which 34.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.6% were married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.8% were non-families. 22.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.06. In the village, the population was spread out with 25.3% under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 30.0% from 25 to 44, 23.5% from 45 to 64, 11.0% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 94.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.5 males. The median income for a household in the village was $55,841, the median income for a family was $72,182. Males had a median income of $50,086 versus $31,689 for females; the per capita income for the village was $26,374. About 3.2% of families and 5.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.8% of those under age 18 and 6.2% of those age 65 or over. The Village of Glen Carbon operates the Ronald J. Foster Sr.. Heritage Trail, an 11-mile trail dedicated to the former mayor in 1991, it follows the old Illinois Central Railroad right-of-way. Miner Park is located in the Old Town section; the entrance to the park is located between the American Legion Post and the Glen Carbon Centennial Library. This is the main park in Glen Carbon, with direct access to the Nickel Plate Bike Trail, a 15-mile trail that follows the old Chicago & North Western and Norfolk Southern rights-of-way.
The CNW & NS Railroads served Glen Carbon until March 2000. The facilities available are: Comfort stations Barbecue grills Passive areas to view wildlife Variety of playground equipment Sheltered pavilions Band stand for special events Lighted baseball fields Large parking lot Basketball Concession stand for baseball games Sandbox Benches Old caboose with signal by it Kiddie Play set Beautiful entrance with historic signs about Glen Carbon and colorful flowers Tennis courts A tetherball Schon Park is the newest park in Glen Carbon, Illinois. Open in 2013, with pavilions, benches, a walking trail and pond within its limits; the park sits on 36-acres of land, across from St. Cecelia Church and Village Hall on Glen Carbon Road; the ground breaking for the second phase of the park was on May 25th, 2018. The second phase construction will include the building of concrete paths, parking lot, underground utilities, a restroom facility and playground; the final plan for the park includes bicycle and walking trails, a baseball diamond, batting cages and tennis courts, splash pad, toddler playground and a concession stand.
Donations for the park and more information is provided on their website www.makeschonparkshine.com. Facilities: Playground Restroom Facility Bicycle and walking trails Parking Area