Fairway (horse)

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Fairway
Fairway (horse).jpg
Fairway circa 1929
SirePhalaris
GrandsirePolymelus
DamScapa Flow
DamsireChaucer
SexStallion
Foaled1925
CountryUnited Kingdom
ColourBrown
BreederLord Derby
OwnerLord Derby
TrainerGeorge Lambton
Frank Butters
Record15: 12-1-0
Earnings£ 42,722
Major wins
Coventry Stakes (1927)
July Stakes (1927)
Champagne Stakes (1927)
Eclipse Stakes (1928)
St Leger (1928)
Champion Stakes (1928), (1929)
Jockey Club Cup (1929)
Princess of Wales's Stakes (1929)

Fairway (1925–1946) was a British Thoroughbred racehorse and sire. Fairway was the best horse of his generation in Britain at two, three and four years old, winning the St Leger Stakes, the Champion Stakes (twice) and the Eclipse Stakes, he retired as a five-year-old in 1930 and went on to become a successful and influential sire.

Background[edit]

Lord Derby

Fairway was bred in England by his owner Lord Derby who also bred both of his parents, his sire Phalaris was an outstanding sprinter who went on to become the most influential stallion of the 20th Century.[1] His dam, Scapa Flow, also produced Fairway’s sister Fair Isle who won the 1000 Guineas and his brother Pharos who finished second in The Derby and sired Nearco.

As a two-year-old, Fairway was trained by George Lambton at Lord Derby's Stanley House stable at Newmarket, Suffolk; when Lambton became Lord Derby’s racing manager at the end of 1927, Frank Butters took over as the colt’s trainer.[2] He was ridden in most of his races by Lord Derby's Dewsbury-born stable jockey Thomas "Tommy" Weston.[3]

Racing career[edit]

1927: two-year-old season[edit]

Fairway began his racecourse career when he ran unplaced in a maiden race at York in May, he won his remaining three races in 1927; the Coventry Stakes at Royal Ascot, the July Stakes at Newmarket Racecourse and the Champagne Stakes at Doncaster in September. By the time of his Doncaster win he was being talked of as a potential Derby winner.[4]

He sustained a minor injury in the last-named race however, and did not appear again that season. In the Free Handicap, he was rated the joint-best colt of the year.[5]

1928: three-year-old season[edit]

In the spring of 1928, Fairway developed a mouth abscess (or "boils"[6]) which forced his late withdrawal[7] from the 2000 Guineas, he was then aimed at the Derby, running his trial in the Newmarket Stakes. Fairway impressed observers before the race and won very easily by two lengths after "sailing past" the strongly fancied Black Watch.[8] At Epsom Fairway was made favourite, but the highly-strung colt became upset by the huge crowd when going down to the start, he was never a threat in the race and finished ninth behind the 33/1 outsider Felstead. After the race, Tommy Weston said "he was beaten after six furlongs, probably because he had so much taken out of him before the actual start."[9]

Fairway returned to his best in the Eclipse Stakes at Sandown which he won by eight lengths from Royal Minstrel in record time[10] In September he started 7/4 favourite for the St Leger, despite concerns that, as the son of sprinter, he would lack the stamina for the one and three quarter mile race, he was ridden with great confidence by Weston, coming from well off the pace to take the lead in the closing stages and win by one and a half lengths from Palais Royal and Cyclonic[11] On his final start of the year he won the Champion Stakes at Newmarket by one and a half lengths "without being in any way hard pressed."[12]

1929: four-year-old season[edit]

At four, Fairway began with a one length win over three rivals in the Burwell Stakes at Newmarket[13] and then took the Rous Memorial Stakes at Royal Ascot. At the July meeting at Newmarket he won the Princess of Wales's Stakes to take his winning run to six. In his next race he started favourite for the Eclipse Stakes but failed to show his best form and was beaten four lengths by Royal Minstrel.

He was then off the course for three months before returning in October to win the Champion Stakes for the second time from Cyclonic. On his final start of the year he stepped up to two miles and a quarter to win the Jockey Club Cup, "cantering" to a three length victory over Palais Royal.[14]

1930: five-year-old season[edit]

Fairway was kept in training at five with the intention of winning the Ascot Gold Cup, but was retired without running after sustaining a tendon injury.

Assessment[edit]

At the end of his four-year-old season the Bloodstock Breeders' Review described Fairway as "far and away the best horse in England, and probably in the world."[15]

In their book A Century of Champions, John Randall and Tony Morris rated Windsor the thirty-fifth best horse of the 20th Century and the twelfth best to be trained in Britain.[15]

Stud career[edit]

Fairway stood as a stallion at the Woodlands Stud at Newmarket from 1931 until his death in November 1946, he was Champion sire four times[6] and sired the Classic winners Blue Peter, Watling Street, Pay Up, Kingsway, Garden Path and Tide-way. His most influential son however, was the Champion sire Fair Trial.

Pedigree[edit]

Pedigree of Fairway (GB), brown stallion, 1925
Sire
Phalaris (GB)
1913
Polymelus
1902 
Cyllene Bona Vista
Arcadia
Maid Marian Hampton
Quiver
Bromus
1905 
Sainfoin Springfield
Sanda
Cheery St Simon*
Sunrise
Dam
Scapa Flow (GB)
1914
Chaucer
1900 
St Simon* Galopin
St Angela
Canterbury Pilgrim Tristan
Pilgrimage
Anchora
1905 
Love Wisely Wisdom
Lovelorn
Eryholme Hazlehatch
Ayrsmoss(Family: 13-e)
  • Fairway was inbred 3 × 4 to St. Simon. This means that the stallion appears in both the third and fourth generations of his pedigree.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Phalaris". Tbheritage.com. Retrieved 2011-11-01.
  2. ^ "17th Earl of Derby". Horseracinghistory.co.uk. Retrieved 2011-11-01.
  3. ^ "Thomas Weston". Horseracinghistory.co.uk. Retrieved 2011-11-01.
  4. ^ "QUESTION OF PROCEDURE". Paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. 1927-11-15. Retrieved 2011-11-01.
  5. ^ Anne Peters. "Fairway". Tbheritage.com. Retrieved 2011-11-01.
  6. ^ a b "Horseracing History Online - Horse Profile : Fairway". Horseracinghistory.co.uk. Retrieved 2011-11-01.
  7. ^ "THE TWO THOUSAND". Paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. 1928-05-03. Retrieved 2011-11-01.
  8. ^ "NOT GOOD ENOUGH". Paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. 1928-06-28. Retrieved 2011-11-01.
  9. ^ "THE DERBY". Paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. 1928-07-18. Retrieved 2011-11-01.
  10. ^ "ECLIPSE STAKES". Paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. 1928-07-21. Retrieved 2011-11-01.
  11. ^ "THE ST. LEGER". Paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. 1928-10-25. Retrieved 2011-11-01.
  12. ^ "FAMOUS HORSES". Paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. 1929-08-31. Retrieved 2011-11-01.
  13. ^ "RACING FIXTURES". Paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. 1929-06-27. Retrieved 2011-11-01.
  14. ^ "JOCKEY CLUB CUP". Paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. 1929-11-01. Retrieved 2011-11-01.
  15. ^ a b Randall, J. and Morris, T., A Century of Champions, Portway Press, Halifax, 1999, p. 80-81 ISBN 1-901570-15-0