Dhaka known as Dacca, is the capital and largest city of Bangladesh. It is one of the largest and most densely populated cities in the world, with a population of 18.89 million people in the Greater Dhaka Area. Dhaka is the economic and cultural center of Bangladesh, it is one of the major cities of South Asia, the largest city in Eastern South Asia and among the Bay of Bengal countries. As part of the Bengal plain, the city is bounded by the Buriganga River, Turag River, Dhaleshwari River and Shitalakshya River; the city is located in division. The area of Dhaka has been inhabited since the first millennium; the city rose to prominence in the 17th century as a provincial capital and commercial center of the Mughal Empire in South Asia. Dhaka was the capital of Mughal Bengal for 75 years; as the center of the muslin trade in Bengal, it was one of the most prosperous cities in the Indian subcontinent. The medieval city was named in honor of the Mughal Emperor Jahangir and hosted the seat of the Mughal Subahdar, Naib Nazims and Dewans.
Medieval Dhaka's glory peaked in the 17th and 18th centuries, when it was home to merchants from across Eurasia. The Mughals decorated the city with well-laid out gardens, mosques and forts; the city was once called the Venice of the East. Under the British Empire, the city saw the introduction of electricity, cinemas, Western-style universities and colleges and a modern water supply, it became an important administrative and educational center in Eastern Bengal and Assam after 1905. In 1947, after ending of British rule, it became the administrative capital of the East Pakistan, it was declared as the legislative capital of Pakistan in 1962. In 1971, it became the capital of an independent Bangladesh. Article 5 of the Constitution of Bangladesh declares Dhaka as the capital of the republic. Since its establishment as a modern capital city, the population and social and economic diversity of Dhaka have grown tremendously. Dhaka is now one of the most densely industrialized regions in the country.
By the 21st century, it emerged as a megacity, now listed as a Beta- Global City by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network. Dhaka is a major financial center in the region, being home to many local and international companies, its stock exchange has over 750 listed companies. The city hosts over 50 diplomatic missions and the headquarters of BIMSTEC; the city's culture is known for its cycle-rickshaws, art festivals and religious diversity. The old city is home to around 2000 buildings from the Mughal and British periods, including notable structures such as the Bara Katra and Choto Katra caravansaries; the city's modernist national assembly is one of the largest parliaments in the world. The origins of the name for Dhaka are uncertain. Once dhak trees were common in the area and the name may have originated from it. Alternatively, this name may refer to the hidden goddess Dhakeshwari, whose temple is located in the south-western part of the city. Another popular theory states that Dhaka refers to a membranophone instrument, dhak, played by order of Subahdar Islam Khan I during the inaugurating of the Bengal capital in 1610.
Some references say it was derived from a Prakrit dialect called Dhaka Bhasa. According to Rajatarangini written by a Kashmiri Brahman, the region was known as Dhakka; the word Dhakka means watchtower. Bikrampur and Sonargaon—the earlier strongholds of Bengal rulers were situated nearby. So Dhaka was most used as the watchtower for the fortification purpose; the history of urban settlement in the area of modern-day Dhaka dates to the first millennium. The region was part of the ancient district of Bikrampur, ruled by the Sena dynasty. Under Islamic rule, it became part of the historic district of Sonargaon, the regional administrative hub of the Delhi and the Bengal Sultanates; the Grand Trunk Road passed through the region, connecting it with North India, Central Asia and the southeastern port city of Chittagong. The Mughal Empire governed the region during the early modern period. Under Mughal rule, the Old City of Dhaka grew on the banks of the Buriganga River. Dhaka was proclaimed the capital of Mughal Bengal in 1608.
Islam Khan Chishti was the first administrator of the city. Khan named it "Jahangirabad" in honour of the Emperor Jahangir; the name was dropped soon after the English conquered. The main expansion of the city took place under Mughal governor Shaista Khan; the city measured 19 by 13 kilometres, with a population of nearly one million. Dhaka was one of the most prosperous cities in South Asia, it grew into a regional economic center during the 17th and 18th centuries, serving as a hub for Eurasian traders, including Bengalis, Kashmiris, Armenians, Persians, Dutch, French and the Portuguese. The city was a center of the worldwide muslin and jute industries, with 80,000 skilled weavers. Mughal Bengal generated 50% of the Mughal Empire's GDP, which at the time constituted 29% of world GDP. Dhaka was the commercial capital of the empire; the city had well-laid out gardens, mosques, bazaars and caravansaries. The Bara Katra was the largest caravansary; the riverbanks were dotted with numerous stately mansions.
Eurasian traders built neighborhoods in Farashganj, Armanitola
Jībanānanda Dāś was a Bengali poet, writer and essayist. Popularly called "Rupashi Banglar Kabi", Das is the most read poet after Rabindranath Tagore and Nazrul Islam in Bangladesh and West Bengal. While not recognised today Das is acknowledged as one of the greatest poets in the Bengali language. Born in Barishal to a Vaidya-Brahmo family, Das studied English literature at Presidency College and earned his MA from Calcutta University, he suffered financial hardship throughout his life. He was never granted tenure, he settled in Kolkata after the partition of India. Das died on 22 October 1954, eight days after being hit by a tramcar; the witnesses said that though the tramcar whistled, he did not stop, got struck. Some deem the accident as an attempt at suicide. Das wrote profusely, but as he was a recluse and introvert, he did not publish most of his writings during his lifetime. During his lifetime, only seven volumes of his poems were published. After his death, it was discovered that apart from poems, Das wrote 108 short stories.
His notable works include Ruposhi Bangla, Banalata Sen, Shreshtha Kavita. Das's early poems exhibit the influence of Kazi Nazrul Islam, but in the latter half of the 20th century, Das's influence became one of the major catalysts in the making of Bengali poetry. Das received Rabindra-Memorial Award for Banalata Sen in 1953 at All Bengal Rabindra Literature Convention. Das's Shrestha Kavita won the Sahitya Academy Award in 1955. Poetry and life are two different outpouring of the same thing. Jibanananda Das was born in 1899 in a Vaidya-Brahmin family in the small district town of Barisal, located in the south of Bangladesh, his ancestors came from the Bikrampur region of Dhaka district, from a now-extinct village called Gaupara on the banks of the river Padma. Jibanananda's grandfather Sarbānanda Dāśagupta was the first to settle permanently in Barisal, he was an early exponent of the reformist Brahmo Samaj movement in Barisal and was regarded in town for his philanthropy. He erased the -gupta suffix from the family name, regarding it as a symbol of Vedic Brahmin excess, thus rendering the surname to Das.
Jibanananda's father Satyānanda Dāś was a schoolmaster, magazine publisher, founder-editor of Brôhmobadi, a journal of the Brahmo Samaj dedicated to the exploration of social issues. Jibanananda's mother Kusumakumārī Dāś was a poet who wrote a famous poem called Adôrsho Chhēlē whose refrain is well known to Bengalis to this day: Āmādēr dēshey hobey shei chhēlē kobey / Kothae nā boṛo hoye kajey boro hobey. Jibanananda was the eldest son of his parents, was called by the nickname Milu. A younger brother Aśōkānanda Dāś was born in 1908 and a sister called Shuchoritā in 1915. Milu fell violently ill in his childhood, his parents feared for his life. Fervently desiring to restore his health, Kusumkumari took her ailing child on pilgrimage to Lucknow and Giridih, they were accompanied on these journeys by their uncle Chandranāth. In January 1908, Milu, by now eight years old, was admitted to the first grade in Brojomohon School; the delay was due to his father's opposition to admitting children into school at too early an age.
Milu's childhood education was therefore limited to his mother's tutelage. His school life passed by uneventfully. In 1915 he completed his matriculation examination from Brajamohan College, obtaining a first division in the process, he repeated the feat two years when he passed the intermediate exams from Brajamohan College. Evidently an accomplished student, he left his home at rural Barisal to join University of Calcutta. Jibanananda enrolled in Kolkata, he studied English literature and graduated with a BA degree in 1919. That same year, his first poem appeared in print in the Boishakh issue of Brahmobadi journal. Fittingly, the poem was called Borsho-abahon; this poem was published anonymously, with only the honorific Sri in the byline. However, the annual index in the year-end issue of the magazine revealed his full name: "Sri Jibanananda Das Gupta, BA". In 1921, he completed the MA degree in English from University of kolkata, he was studying law. At this time, he lived in the Hardinge student quarters next to the university.
Just before his exams, he fell ill with bacillary dysentery, which affected his preparation for the examination. The following year, he started his teaching career, he joined the English department of Calcutta as a tutor. By this time, he was boarding at Harrison Road, he gave up his law studies. It is thought that he lived in a house in Bechu Chatterjee Street for some time with his brother Ashokanananda, who had come there from Barisal for his MSc studies, his literary career was starting to take off. When Deshbondhu Chittaranjan Das died in June 1925, Jibanananda wrote a poem called'Deshbandhu' Prayan'e', published in Bangabani magazine; this poem would take its place in the collection called Jhara Palok. On reading it, poet Kalidas Roy said that he had thought the poem was the work of a mature, accomp
East West University
East West University, is a private university located in Aftabnagar, Dhaka of Bangladesh. The culture of private universities in Bangladesh started in the early 1990s. During that period, the government felt that the existing public universities were not sufficient to meet the demand for tertiary education in the country. Moreover, to maintain their quality of education, most of the public universities in Bangladesh kept themselves selective and as a result, each year a large number of students failed to get admitted into higher educational institutions; these issues led the government to permit the establishment of private universities, on 9 August 1992, the Private University Act 1992 was passed. East West University was established in 1996 as a non-profit organization; the university is the first major project of the Progoti Foundation for Education and Development, a non-profit, non-political, charitable organization maintained by a group of academics, business leaders and education enthusiasts led by Dr. Mohammed Farashuddin and former governor of Bangladesh Bank.
BBA, BSc in Computer Science and BA in English at the previous campus at 45, Mohakhali Commercial Area, Dhaka. The university has some 10,400 students, in Dhaka. In May 2012, the university shifted to its permanent campus; the permanent campus of East West University is located in Aftabnagar, Rampura on the Progoti Sarani close to Bangladesh Television on 7.4 bighas of land. Total floor area of the 9 storied university complex is 4,58,957.04 square feet with modern facilities. East West University has bought 5.95 acres of land at Mouja: Vadham, P. S Tongi, District: Gazipur. In addition, it has received an allotment of one bigha of land at Uttara from RAJUK. East West University has a library covering about 11000 sq ft. in the new campus with maps and journal area, has a photocopy corner, database search corner, newspaper display section. Each day around 2,200 users visit the library; the library contains 22,000 books, a subscription to 135 international and national journals, 3,300 online journals on its database, subscription to 16 national daily newspapers and around 1,500 CD-ROMs and audio cassettes.
There are laboratories for engineering and science disciplines, seven computer laboratories with a local network of 533 PCs and personal VSAT services. Universities laboratories are shared as follow: Computer Communications Laboratories, shared by all departments, Digital Systems Laboratory, shared by the engineering departments, Electronics Laboratory, shared by the engineering departments. Electrical Circuits and Machine Laboratory, used by the EEE department, Network Laboratory, shared by department of CSE and APCE, Pharmacy Laboratory, used by department of Pharmacy, Physics Laboratory, used by all the science and engineering departments, Telecommunication Laboratory, used by the APCE department, VLSI Laboratory, shared by CSE and EEE departments, Software Engineering Laboratory, shared by only CSE and departments. East West University has three academic faculties; each faculty has departments. A dean is the head of each faculty; the Department of Business Administration is the largest and one of the oldest departments of the university.
The Department of Computer Science and the Department of English are the two other founding departments. Faculty of Sciences and Engineering Department of Computer Science & Engineering Department of Electrical & Electronic Engineering Department of Electronics & Communications Engineering Department of Pharmacy Department of Applied Statistics Department of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology Department of Civil Engineering Faculty of Business and Economics Department of Business Administration Department of Economics Department of MBA/EMBA/MBM Programs Faculty of Liberal Arts and Social Sciences Department of English Department of Social Relations Department of Sociology Department of Law Department of Information Studies & Library Management East West University provides scholarships starting from full funding to partial tuition waivers; each semester the top 10% students of each batch having a CGPA of 3.97 or above are awarded EWU Merit Scholarships which are worth 90,000 BDT at the undergraduate level and 75,000 BDT at the postgraduate level.
All other students from the Dean's List are eligible to receive Medha Lalon Fund Scholarship ranging from 500,000 BDT to 25,000 BDT. Besides, there are 28 directorial scholarships are available each year for the meritorious students with exceptional case; each semester the university provides financial aid. Students facing financial difficulties can apply once a year for support, it varies from 18,000 BDT to 35,000 BDT. EWU provides 50% tuition waiver for any one of a sibling pair studying in the university, worth around 45,000 BDT per year, it maintains a low tuition fees rate compared to other leading private universities in Bangladesh. Tuition fees depends on department EWU offers Bachelor of Arts for English graduate, Bachelor of Business Administration for Business graduate and Bachelor of Social Science for Economics graduate. There are degrees in Economics together in the form of double major; the university offers Bachelor of Science for Engineering for Science graduate, Bachelor of Pharmacy for Pharmacy graduate, Bachelor of Science in Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology and Bachelor of Science in Applied Statistics.
The B. Sc. in EEE program has been granted accreditation from the Board of Accre
Shamsur Rahman (poet)
Shamsur Rahman was a Bangladeshi poet and journalist. A prolific writer, Rahman produced more than sixty books of poetry collection and is considered a key figure in Bengali literature from the latter half of the 20th century, he was regarded as the unofficial poet laureate of Bangladesh. Major themes in his poetry and writings include liberal humanism, human relations, romanticised rebellion of youth, the emergence of and consequent events in Bangladesh, opposition to religious fundamentalism. Shamsur Rahman was born in his grandfather's house 46 no. Mahut-Tuli, Dhaka, his paternal home is situated on the bank of the river Meghna, a village named Pahartoli, near the Raipura thana of Narshingdi district. He was the fourth of thirteen children, he studied at Pogos High School from where he passed matriculation in 1945. He took his I. A. as a student of the Dhaka College. Shamsur Rahman started writing poetry at the age of eighteen, just after graduating from the Dhaka College, he studied English literature at the Dhaka University for three years but did not take the examination.
After a break of three years he got admitted to the B. A. pass course and received his BA in 1953. He received his MA in the same subject where he stood second in second division. In his leisure after the matriculation, he read the Golpo Guccho of Rabindranath Tagore, he told that this book took him into the extra ordinary world and transformed him into an altogether different personality. In 1949, his poem Unissho Unoponchash was published in Sonar Bangla, edited by Nalinikishor Guho, he had a long career as a journalist and served as the editor of a national daily, Dainik Bangla and the Weekly Bichitra in the 1980s. A shy person by nature, he became an outspoken liberal intellectual in the 1990s against religious fundamentalism and reactionary nationalism in Bangladesh; as a consequence, he became a frequent target of the politically conservative as well as Islamists of the country. This culminated in the January 1999 attack on his life by the militant Harkat-ul-Jihad-al-Islami, he survived the attempt.
Shamsur Rahman's first book of poetry, Prothom Gaan Dwityo Mrittyur Agey was published in 1960. He had to go through the political turbulence of 60's and 70's which reflected in his poems clearly, he wrote his famous poem Asader Shirt, written with respect to the mass uprising of 1969 led by Maulana Bhasani. During the Bangladesh Liberation War he wrote a number of poems based on the war; these poems were so inspiring. These poems were published in Bondi Shibir Theke in 1972, he continued writing poems in the independent Bangladesh and remained as the poet whose poems reflect the history of the nation. During the historical movement against Ershad he published his book Buk Tar Bangladesher Hridoy indicating the great sacrifice of Nur Hossain. Shamsur Rahman wrote most of his poems in free verse with the rhythm style known as Poyaar or Okhshorbritto, it is popularly known. He wrote poems in two other major patterns of Bengali rhythmic style, namely and Shwarobritto. Shamsur Rahman started his professional career as a co-editor in the English daily Morning News in 1957.
He left this job and went to the Dhaka center of the Radio Pakistan. But he returned to his own rank at Morning News in 1960 and was there till 1964. After the liberation of Bangladesh he wrote columns in the daily Dainik Bangla. In 1977 he became the editor of this daily, he jointly worked as the editor of Bichitra, a weekly published since 1973. During the period of President Ershad he got involved with internal turbulence in the Dainik Bangla. A rank'Chief Editor' was created to take away his position as the top executive and rip him off all executive powers. In 1987 he left the daily as a protest against this injustice, he worked as the editor of monthly literary magazine Adhuna for two years since 1986. and as the main editor of the weekly Muldhara in 1989. He worked as one of the editors of Kobikantha, an irregular poetry magazine, in 1956, his health broke down towards the end of the 1990s and on two occasions he received major cardiac surgery. He died on 17 August 2006 of kidney failure after having been in a coma for 12 days.
He was 76. Zillur Rahman Siddiqui, a friend and critic, describes Shamsur Rahman as one, "deeply rooted in his own tradition." In his opinion, Shamsur Rahman "still soaks the language of our times, transcending the limits of geography. In his range of sympathy, his catholicity, his urgent and immediate relevance for us, Shamsur Rahman is second to none." Professor Syed Manzoorul Islam has similar praise for Rahman, "It is true he has built on the ground of the 30's poets, but he has developed the ground, explored into areas they thought too dark for exploration, has added new features to it, landscaped it and in the process left his footprints all over." Azfar Hussain commends Rahman's work thus: " he decisively shapes diction in post-Tagorean and post-Jibananandian Bangla poetry. Rahman offers us the kind of poetry that traverses a wide range of middle-class experiences, while making some politically significant inter-class connections in the interest of animating and inspiring broad-based struggles against oppression and injustice, although his perspective remains inflected by a progressive and robust version of liberal humanism."
In the year 1983, renowned Bangladeshi writer Humayun Azad wrote a book called Shamsur Rahman: Nisshongo Sherpa that offered a sustained critical analysis of Shamsur R
Feni is a district located in the South-Eastern part of Bangladesh Administrative division of Chittagong. As of 2015, the district's estimated population stood at 1,437,371, making it the ninth-most populous district in Chittagong Division. Feni was the part of Greater Noakhali; the administrative hub of the district is in the central section of the district. The original name of the district was Shamshernagar, which served as a sub-district under the district of Noakhali until 15 February 1984; the district consists of six sub-districts: Sonagazi, Parshuram, Daganbhuiyan and Feni Sadar. In the opinion of most historians, the area of this district is more ancient than the other areas of the greater Noakhali region. Many archaeological antiquities were found in this district. In ancient times, maximum area of the Noakhali region was under water except this area. Before 1984, it was a mahakuma of Noakhali district. In 1872-74, Amirgaon thana, established by the mughals was facing river erosion, it was moved to Khaiarat, situated by the river Feni.
This area was known as Feni because of the river. It was established as a mahakuma with three thanas named Mirsarai and Amirgaon in 1875. Mirsarai was included in Chittagong district. In 1976, a new mahakuma was established and the Khaiarat thana was moved to this new mahakuma and the mahakuma was named Feni; the first headquarter of the mahakuma was in Amirgaon thana. It was moved to Feni in 1881. During the administrative reconstruction in 1984, all the mahakumas were upgraded to districts and Feni became one of them; the name "Feni" was derived from Feni river. The name "Foni" can be found in the literary works of poets during the 16th century as river stream and as a ghat for ferry crossing. Kbindra Parameshwar used the word describing the description of Paragalpur. In 17th century, in the Persian book "Baharistan-i-Ghaibi", written by Mirza Nathan the word "Foni" became "Feni". In the literary works of poets, the word was used as a river. Feni has a total area of 928.34 sq. km. It ha s boundaries with Comilla district and Tripura state of India in the north, Chittagong district and Bay of Bengal in the south, Chittagong district and Tripura state in the east and Noakhali district in the west.
Feni district has 43 unions. Feni, Kuhuri and Kalidas Pahalia river are some of the major rivers of the district. Total area of forest area is 2179.22 hectares. Feni district has 6 thanas, 5 municipalities, 43 unions, 564 villages and 540 mouzas; the total population of the district is 1,496,138. Total number of male and female is 773,512 respectively. 48.30% are male and 51.70% are females. Majority of the people of this area is muslim. 78.70% of the total population is muslim, 21.14% are hindus, 0.02% are buddhists, 0.003% are christians and 0.02% are others. The main occupation of the people of the district is agriculture; the main source of incomes are: agriculture 31.51%, non-agricultural labourer 2.57%, industry 0.98%, commerce 15.98%, transport and communication 4.66%, service 18.29%, construction 1.86%, religious service 0.43%, rent and remittance 11.53% and others 12.19%. There are two industrial areas in this district. Total number of heavy industries are 2, medium industries are 7, small industries are 826 and cottage industries are 3419.
There is a gas field in Dhalia union of Feni sadar area. Total area of agriculture land is 75,922 hectares and arable land is 74,720 hectare; the literacy rate of the district is 59.60%. There are one degree college, 10 higher secondary colleges, one girls' cadet cadet college, one polytechnic institute, one computer institute, 155 high schools, 19 junior secondary schools, 97 madrasas, one teachers training college, one primary teachers training institute and 528 government primary schools. Major educational institutions are: Feni Government College Feni Polytechnic Institute Feni Computer Institute Feni Government Pilot High School Feni Girls' Cadet College Feni Homeopathic Medical College & Hospital There are one modern government general hospital, 5 upazila health complexes, one heart foundation hospital, one diabetic hospital, one chest disease clinic, one trauma center, one mother and child care center, one nursing training institute, 19 union health centers, 33 union family care centers and 114 community clinics.
There is direct connection to the district from Dhaka. Total length of national highway is 20 km. Total length of concrete road is 1044.85 km, half-concrete road is 87.96 km and dirt road is 2,132.96 km. Star line travels, S. Alam travels, Keya travels, Saudia travels, Shyamoli travels, Sohag travels, Unique travels, Green Line travels etc. are major inter-division bus travel agencies. Mahanagar Pravati, Meghna, Mahanagar Godhuli. Turnanishitha, Chattagram Mail, Jalalabad and Mymensingh Express are the trains servicing the district to travel various district. Hazrat Shah Syed Uddin Majar Chandgazi Vuiya Mosque, Chhagalnaiya Shat Mondir Prachir Suranga Math Bilonia old rail station Bilonia border post Habibullah Bahar Chowdhury, first health minister of East Pakistan, one of the founder of Mohammedan Sporting Club Abdus Salam, Bengali language movement protester Selina Parvin and journalist Shahidullah Kaiser and journalist Zahir Raihan, movie director and writer Selim Al Deen, writer Khaleda Zia, former prime minister of Bangladesh Feni District Administration
University of British Columbia
The University of British Columbia is a public research university with campuses in Vancouver and Kelowna, British Columbia. Established in 1908, UBC is British Columbia's oldest university; the university is ranked among the top 20 public universities worldwide and among the top three in Canada. With an annual research budget of $600 million, UBC funds over 8,000 projects a year; the Vancouver campus is situated about 10 km west of Downtown Vancouver. UBC is home to TRIUMF, Canada's national laboratory for particle and nuclear physics, which houses the world's largest cyclotron. In addition to the Peter Wall Institute for Advanced Studies and Stuart Blusson Quantum Matter Institute, UBC and the Max Planck Society collectively established the first Max Planck Institute in North America, specializing in quantum materials. One of the largest research libraries in Canada, the UBC Library system has over 9.9 million volumes among its 21 branches. The Okanagan campus, acquired in 2005, is located in Kelowna, British Columbia.
As of 2017, eight Nobel laureates, 71 Rhodes scholars, 65 Olympians, eight Fellows in both American Academy of Arts & Sciences and the Royal Society, 208 Fellows to the Royal Society of Canada have been affiliated with UBC. Three Canadian prime ministers, including Canada's first female prime minister Kim Campbell and current prime minister Justin Trudeau have been educated at UBC. In 1877, six years after British Columbia joined Canada, the Superintendent of Education, John Jessop, submitted a proposal for the formation of a provincial university; the provincial legislature passed An Act Respecting the University of British Columbia in 1890, but disagreements arose over whether to build the university on Vancouver Island or the mainland. The British Columbia University Act of 1908 formally called a provincial university into being, although its location was not specified; the governance was modelled on the provincial University of Toronto Act of 1906 which created a bicameral system of university government consisting of a senate, responsible for academic policy, a board of governors exercising exclusive control over financial policy and having formal authority in all other matters.
The president, appointed by the board, was to provide a link between the two bodies and to perform institutional leadership. The Act constituted a twenty-one member senate with Francis Carter-Cotton of Vancouver as chancellor. Before the University Act, there had been several attempts at creating a degree-granting university with help from the Universities of Toronto and McGill. Columbian College in New Westminster, through its affiliation with Victoria College of the University of Toronto, began to offer university-level credit at the turn-of-the-century, but McGill came to dominate higher education in the early 1900s. Building on a successful affiliation between Vancouver and Victoria high schools with McGill University, Henry Marshall Tory helped establish the McGill University College of British Columbia. From 1906 to 1915, McGill BC operated as a private institution providing the first few years toward a degree at McGill University or elsewhere; the Henry Marshall Tory Medal was established in 1941 by Tory, founding president of the University of Alberta and of the National Research Council of Canada, a co-founder of Carleton University.
In the meantime, appeals were made to the government to revive the earlier legislation for a provincial institution, leading to the University Endowment Act in 1907, the University Act in 1908. In 1910 the Point Grey site was chosen, the government appointed Dr. Frank Fairchild Wesbrook as president in 1913, Leonard Klinck as dean of Agriculture in 1914. A declining economy and the outbreak of war in August 1914 compelled the University to postpone plans for building at Point Grey, instead the former McGill University College site at Fairview became home to the University until 1925. On the first day of lectures was September 30, 1915, the new independent university absorbed McGill University College; the University of British Columbia awarded its first degrees in 1916, Klinck became the second president in 1919, serving until 1940. World War I dominated campus life, the student body was "decimated" by enlistments for active service, with three hundred UBC students in Company "D" alone. By the war's end, 697 members of the University had enlisted.
109 students graduated in the three war-time congregations, all but one in the Faculty of Arts and Science. By 1920, the university had only three faculties: Arts, Applied Science, Agriculture, it only awarded the degrees of Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Applied Science, Bachelor of Science in Agriculture. There were 576 male students and 386 female students in the 1920–21 winter session, but only 64 academic staff, including 6 women. In the early part of the 20th century, professional education expanded beyond the traditional fields of theology and medicine. Although UBC did not offer degrees in these fields, it began to offer degrees in new professional areas such as engineering, agriculture and school teaching, it introduced graduate training based on the German-inspired American model of specialized course work and the completion of a research thesis, with students completing M. A. degrees in natural sciences, social sciences and humanities. In 1922, the twelve-hundred-strong student body embarked on a "Build the University" campaign.
Students marched through the streets of Vancouver to draw attention to their plight, enlist popular support, embarrass the government. Fifty-six thousand signatures were presented at legislature in support of the campaign, which
Deshanabu Tissa Ananda Abeysekara was a Sri Lankan filmmaker, writer and screen playwright. He is better known as a script writer for the cinema as well as a film director. In 1996, his book Bringing Tony Home won the prestigious Gratiaen Prize for the new creative writing in English, he was the chief coordinator of honoured awardee of SAARC Literary Award. Tissa Ananda Abeysekera Guneratne de Fonseka was born in Maharagama, a railroad town 12 miles southeast of Colombo to Sir Arthur Solomon de Fonseka and Agnus de Fonseka. Tissa's grandfather was Sir Carolis de Fonseka, the Maha Mudliar of Colombo under the British and is the great-grandson of Sir Solomn de Fonseka, a Gate Mudliar, Tissa hails from the House of Greenlands in Havlock town and belongs to the noble de Fonseka family of Havelock town. Tissa's paternal uncle was Lord Justice E. R. de Fonseka QC Puisne judge of the Supreme Court and Acting Chief Justice of Sri Lanka in 1960 and subsequently in 1962. Tissa's father was cousins with the late Sir Susantha de Fonseka, Tissa's God father.
Tissa's father declared bankruptcy in 1949. Due to poor health, Tissa was not sent to school until age 11. Tutored at home at first, he had his formal education at Pannipitiya Dharmapala Vidyalaya where he went onto captain the schools soccer team and be its head prefect. Abeysekera began his career as a short-story writer, writing in Sinhala, when he was still a schoolboy, he got some short stories published in the Dinamina and Janatha national newspapers. Out of his teens, he published a collection of Sinhala short stories, which received favourable reviews, bringing him praise from Ediriweera Sarachchandra. A chance meeting with Dr. Lester James Peries in the early 1960s lured him to the cinema, where he remained for the next 40 years, he received co-credit for most of Peries's films, following the screenplay he wrote for Welikatara, Tissa was launched into the world of script writing and recognized as Sri Lanka's foremost screenplay and script writer. Important screenplays were those for Welikathara.
In addition, he made over 40 documentaries for the Government Film Unit before breaking through as a feature filmmaker with Karumakkarayo, based on Gunadasa Amarasekara's controversial novel. This was followed by Mahagedara and Viragaya, based on Martin Wickramasinghe's novel, thought unfilmable: Viragaya is considered one of the finest Sinhala films made. In 1996, his novella Bringing Tony Home won the Gratiaen Prize for the best piece of Creative Writing in English by a resident Sri Lankan, he continued writing in English, bringing out another collection of three stories, In My Kingdom of the Sun and the Holy Peak. He was chairman of the National Film Corporation from 1999 to 2001, he was subsequently the director of the Sri Lanka Television Training Institute. Abeysekara served on the Boards of the Sri Lanka Rupavahini Corporation and the Aesthetic Institute of Sri Lanka, affiliated to the University of Kelaniya, as a council member of the University of Visual and Performing Arts, as a trustee of the National Heritage Trust of Sri Lanka.
In 2007, he was awarded an honorary doctorate by University of Colombo. Abeysekara died on 18 April 2009, at Colombo National Hospital after having been admitted for a heart condition; the BBC stated: "The void that he has left can only be understood if one looks at a washed away painting and understands and realizes that its beauty can never be glorified or recreated again." A memorial service was held at the Chapel of the Hope of the World, Ladies' college Colombo, to commemorate the anniversary of his death. In late 2013, the Government of Sri Lanka, under the auspices of the President, Prime Minister and Cabinet issued a commemorative Stamp in memory and honour of the late Dr. Tissa Abeysekara. 1998: Kala Suri State Honour for contribution to film 1998: Sarvodaya National Award, for Contribution to the Communication Arts 1998: Vishwaprasidini State Honour for Outstanding Contribution to the Arts 2005: Ranathisara for Lifetime Achievement in Film in Sri Lanka at the Sarasaviya National Awards.
2005: Deshabandu, National Honour by the Government of Sri Lanka Tissa Abeysekara on IMDb