Special Forces (United States Army)
The United States Army Special Forces, colloquially known as the Green Berets due to their distinctive service headgear, are a special operations force of the United States Army tasked with five primary missions: unconventional warfare, foreign internal defense, special reconnaissance, direct action, counter-terrorism. The first two emphasize language and training skills in working with foreign troops. Other duties include combat search and rescue, counter-narcotics, counter-proliferation, hostage rescue, humanitarian assistance, humanitarian demining, information operations, psychological operations, security assistance, manhunts. S. government activities may specialize in these secondary areas. Many of their operational techniques are classified, but some nonfiction works and doctrinal manuals are available; as special operations units, Special Forces are not under the command authority of the ground commanders in those countries. Instead, while in theater, SF units may report directly to a geographic combatant command, USSOCOM, or other command authorities.
The Central Intelligence Agency's secretive Special Activities Division and more its Special Operations Group recruits from the Army's Special Forces. Joint CIA–Army Special Forces operations go back to the MACV-SOG branch during the Vietnam War; the cooperation still is seen in the War in Afghanistan. The primary mission of the Army Special Forces is to train and lead unconventional warfare forces, or a clandestine guerrilla force in an occupied nation; the 10th Special Forces Group was the first deployed SF unit, intended to train and lead UW forces behind enemy lines in the event of a Warsaw Pact invasion of Western Europe. As the U. S. became involved in Southeast Asia, it was realized that specialists trained to lead guerrillas could help defend against hostile guerrillas, so SF acquired the additional mission of Foreign Internal Defense, working with Host Nation forces in a spectrum of counter-guerrilla activities from indirect support to combat command. Special Forces personnel qualify both in advanced military skills and the regional languages and cultures of defined parts of the world.
While they are best known for their unconventional warfare capabilities, they undertake other missions that include direct action raids, peace operations, counter-proliferation, counter-drug advisory roles, other strategic missions. As strategic resources, they report either to a regional Unified Combatant Command. To enhance their DA capability, specific Commanders In-Extremis Force teams were created with a focus on the direct action side of special operations. SF team members work together and rely on one another under isolated circumstances for long periods of time, both during extended deployments and in garrison; because of this, they develop long-standing personal ties. SF non-commissioned officers spend their entire careers in Special Forces, rotating among assignments to detachments, higher staff billets, liaison positions, instructor duties at the U. S. Army John F. Kennedy Special School, they are required to move to staff positions or to higher command echelons. With the creation of USSOCOM, SF commanders have risen to the highest ranks of U.
S. Army command, including command of USSOCOM, the Army's Chief of Staff, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Special Forces traces its roots as the Army’s premier proponent of unconventional warfare from purpose-formed special operations units like the Alamo Scouts, Philippine guerrillas, First Special Service Force, the Operational Groups of the Office of Strategic Services. Although the OSS was not an Army organization, many Army personnel were assigned to the OSS and used their experiences to influence the forming of Special Forces. During the Korean War, individuals such as former Philippine guerrilla commanders Col. Wendell Fertig and Lt. Col. Russell W. Volckmann used their wartime experience to formulate the doctrine of unconventional warfare that became the cornerstone of the Special Forces. In 1951, Major General Robert A. McClure chose former OSS member Colonel Aaron Bank as Operations Branch Chief of the Special Operations Division of the Psychological Warfare Staff in the Pentagon.
In June 1952, the 10th Special Forces Group was formed under Col. Aaron Bank, soon after the establishment of the Psychological Warfare School, which became today’s John F. Kennedy Special Warfare Center and School; the 10th Special Forces Group was split, with the cadre that kept the designation 10th SFG deployed to Bad Tölz, Germany, in September 1953. The remaining cadre at Fort Bragg formed the 77th Special Forces Group, which in May 1960 was reorganized and designated as today’s 7th Special Forces Group. Since their establishment in 1952, Special Forces soldiers have operated in Vietnam, Laos, North Vietnam, Nicaragua, El Salvador, Panama, Somalia, Kosovo, 1st Gulf War, Iraq, the Philippines, Yemen, Niger and, in an FID role, East Africa. 1st Special Forces Command In 1957 the two original special forces groups were joined by the 1st, stationed in the Far East. Additional groups were formed in 1961 and 1962 after President John F. Kennedy visited the Special Forces at Fort Bragg in 1961.
Nine groups were organized for the reserve components in 1961.. Among them were the 16th and 17th Special Forces, Groups. However, 17th Special Forces Gr
Pablo Hidalgo is a Chilean-Canadian creative executive working for Lucasfilm on the Star Wars franchise and member of the Lucasfilm Story Group. Hidalgo was raised in Winnipeg, Canada. In 1987 he became a fan of the role-playing game resources published West End Games, the only official source of Star Wars content in the late 1980s and took it upon himself to become knowledgeable of the universe to create better stories for the group of friends he was playing it with, he used both content from the RPG and ideas he developed for his gaming sessions within official Star Wars media, such as the tracking device used by the Inquisitor and the name of a ship in Star Wars Rebels. He submitted content for West End Games' Star Wars Adventure Journal in 1993. Although rejected because he was not a published author at the time, his correspondence with the company resulted in him being hired as a cartoonist for the magazine by Peter Schweighofer. Since he was now a published author, he was allowed to publish material for the RPG as well as stories in the magazine.
During his involvement, he collected the first large-scale database of Star Wars knowledge, parts of which he posted online in 1997 as the "Star Wars Index". He used his extensive knowledge to assist Steve Sansweet with fact-checking the Star Wars Encyclopedia, the first such work published shortly before the release of the Star Wars prequel trilogy. In January 2000 he was hired by Sansweet at Lucasfilm to build up StarWars.com, the official Star Wars website, as a resource for fans during the then-active filming and launch of the Star Wars prequel trilogy. He served as Internet Content Manager for Lucas Online, the division of Lucasfilm responsible for maintaining StarWars.com, where he published multiple comics until 2011. Though Star Wars canon was not error-free at this point due to a previous lack of oversight and he was not in any official capacity employed to help maintain it, Hidalgo was being consulted to ensure continuity during this time. In 2005, he had a non-speaking cameo role in Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith as a patron of the opera Chancellor Palpatine and Anakin Skywalker visit.
After Disney's acquisition of Lucasfilm, he approached Kathleen Kennedy about making his consulting role official which led to the creation of the Lucasfilm Story Group, a group of Star Wars experts tasked with maintaining the canon of the franchise after its partial reboot in 2014. Their duties range from fact-checking dialogue, e.g. whether a certain character would say a certain line or whether it makes sense in the universe's context, to keeping track of names and locations of planets as well as naming unnamed planets and other entities as well as coordinating all stories in development. Sometimes called the Yoda of Lucasfilm or "the Indiana Jones of Star Wars", his insider knowledge of Star Wars canon is used by multiple sources to confirm or deny rumors about certain characters, locations or events within the fictional universe. J. J. Abrams admitted that during the production of Star Wars: The Force Awakens he e-mailed Hidalgo up to three times a day asking him questions about details about the franchise's universe.
Hidalgo is the author of several official reference and guide books about the Star Wars franchise as well as the G. I. Joe and Transformers franchises. Star Wars Chronicles: The Prequels G. I. Joe vs. Cobra: The Essential Guide, 1982-2008 Transformers Vault: The Complete Transformers Universe Showcasing Rare Collectibles and Memorabilia The Essential Reader's Companion Star Wars: A New Hero Star Wars Rebels: Head to Head Star Wars: The Force Awakens: The Visual Dictionary Star Wars Propaganda: A History of Persuasive Art in the Galaxy Star Wars: Rogue One: The Ultimate Visual Guide Star Wars: From a Certain Point of View Star Wars: The Last Jedi: The Visual Dictionary Solo: A Star Wars Story: The Official Guide Star Wars: Scum and Villainy: Case Files on the Galaxy's Most Notorious Pablo Hidalgo on Twitter Pablo Hidalgo on IMDb
Jinx (G.I. Joe)
Jinx is a fictional character from the G. I. Joe: A Real American Hero toyline, comic books and animated series, she debuted in 1987 as the G. I. Joe Team's female ninja character, since her code name has been the identity of several other incarnations of the same character, including one of Snake Eyes' apprentices in G. I. Joe: Sigma 6, Chuckles' undercover contact in G. I. Joe: Cobra, Storm Shadow's cousin in G. I. Joe: Renegades, she is portrayed by Élodie Yung in the 2013 film G. I. Joe: Retaliation. In G. I. Joe: A Real American Hero, Jinx is one of the few G. I. Joe Team members, she has been competing in several forms of martial arts since she was seven. She is a Bryn Mawr graduate. On a vacation trip to Japan, Jinx discovered her familial ties to a ninja clan known as the Arashikage, was initiated into the clan, she was recruited by Snake Eyes, a fellow ninja and member of the G. I. Joe Team. Jinx has since undergone training with the Blind Master, a ranking ninja sensei, studied the seven silent forms, including the "Eye That Pierces", the "Iron Hand" and the "Heart That Waits".
After the temporary dissolution of the G. I. Joe Team, Jinx became a freelance agent, is believed to have spent time serving in the CIA, she started a romantic relationship with her teammate Budo, the two of them formed a successful bounty hunting business together. When the team was reinstated, Jinx returned to help train new recruits in hand-to-hand combat. Jinx was first released as an action figure in the 1987 edition of the G. I. Joe: A Real American Hero toyline. Like many of the female G. I. Joe characters, Jinx has had a small number of action figures produced; as of 2011, she has had one 3 3/4-inch figure named Jinx, two 3 3/4-inch figures named "Agent Jinx". The first of these was released in 2003 as a member of Tiger Force, the second released in 2004 reveals her face, but her real name is still classified. In 2011, a new Jinx figure was announced for the exclusive pre-release by the official G. I. Joe Collectors' Club. Two new 3 3/4-inch figures of "Kim Arashikage" were announced to be released in the G.
I. Joe: Retaliation 2012 Movie Line at the San Diego Comic-Con in 2012: an updated version in a red ninja suit, an unmasked variant of her wearing a white costume and wielding a kusarigama. In 2013, a Kim Arashikage figure was released with a red outfit as a G. I. Joe Collectors' Club exclusive. Another Kim Arashikage figure was released the same year as part of the G. I. Joe: Retaliation line, outfitted in her black-and-yellow ninja outfit from the live-action film. A Jinx figure was released in the Kre-O G. I. Joe line in 2013. In the Marvel Comics G. I. Joe: A Real American Hero series, Jinx first appears in issue #59, her first assignment is to train Cobra Commander's son Billy Kessler in San Francisco. She helps rescue the captured Joes from Borovia’s gulags. In subsequent appearances, she helps the Joes clear their name in the scandal that follows the Cobra Civil War; this involves working with ex-Joes like Grunt, as well as other Joes who are fugitives such as Roadblock, the entire Joe team raids an enemy-filled hospital to save the lives of General Hawk and General Hollingsworth.
Jinx appears in some of the Special Mission specials, such as when she helps to stop a hostage situation in Frankfurt. Jinx becomes a member of the G. I. Joe special team Ninja Force. After fighting together with Storm Shadow against Zartan in San Francisco and Scarlett are injured during a battle against the rival Red Ninjas. Jinx and her fellow Ninja Force teammates T'Jbang and Nunchuk set up a new training center in Spanish Harlem, she continued serving in Ninja Force until G. I. Joe was disbanded. In the first four issues of the G. I. Joe: A Real American Hero comics published by Devil's Due, it is revealed that she spent the years that followed using her skills in intelligence-gathering to become a bounty hunter in Tokyo. A samurai and fellow Joe teammate Budo followed they became lovers. Jinx rejoins G. I. Joe, when the team is reinstated to battle a revived Cobra. During the initial conflict, Duke leads a team with Jinx, Rock'n Roll and Shipwreck to defend Washington D. C. against Cobra's forces.
She spies on a group of Dreadnoks attempting to purchase a nuclear weapon. She works with several other Joes, such as Heavy Duty and Lady Jaye to try and bring down an out-of-control Battle Android Trooper. Jinx trains new recruits, goes on a mission to Seattle, she is part of an infiltration team sent in to sabotage Cobra Island during the second Cobra Civil War. Two members of her team and Mainframe, die during the mission. Jinx and T'Jbang are injured in a battle with the Red Ninjas in Tibet; when G. I. Joe commander Hawk is shot by Zartan, the team is disbanded once more. After some time, the G. I. Joe team reforms with a much smaller group of specialists called "America’s Elite". Jinx serves as a member of the reserves, she stars in Special Missions: Tokyo, a one-shot comic focusing on many characters not seen since the end of the original series, including Wild Bill, Gung-Ho, Rock'n Roll, Budo. Her profile in the comic reveals her name to be cousin of Tommy Arashikage. However, it states. Jinx is called again into active duty to fight off Cobra Commander's worldwide assault during World War III.
She and Budo join Kamakura, Red Spot, Nunchuk in battling Cobra forces in China. After Cobra is defeated, Jinx and Kamakura join in celebrations taking place in Beijing. Jinx appears in the comic
Fayetteville, North Carolina
Fayetteville is a city in Cumberland County, North Carolina, United States. It is the county seat of Cumberland County, is best known as the home of Fort Bragg, a major U. S. Army installation northwest of the city. Fayetteville has received the All-America City Award from the National Civic League three times; as of the 2010 census it had a population of 200,564, with an estimated population of 204,408 in 2013. It is the 6th-largest city in North Carolina. Fayetteville is in the Sandhills in the western part of the Coastal Plain region, on the Cape Fear River. With an estimated population in 2013 of 210,533 people, the Fayetteville metropolitan area is the largest in southeastern North Carolina, the fifth-largest in the state. Suburban areas of metro Fayetteville include Fort Bragg, Hope Mills, Spring Lake, Pope Field, Rockfish and Eastover. Fayetteville's mayor is Mitch Colvin, serving his first term; the area of present-day Fayetteville was inhabited by various Siouan Native American peoples, such as the Eno, Waccamaw and Cape Fear people.
They followed successive cultures of other indigenous peoples in the area for more than 12,000 years. After the violent upheavals of the Yamasee War and Tuscarora Wars during the second decade of the 18th century, the North Carolina colony encouraged English settlement along the upper Cape Fear River, the only navigable waterway within the colony. Two inland settlements, Cross Creek and Campbellton, were established by Scots from Campbeltown and Bute, Scotland. Merchants in Wilmington wanted a town on the Cape Fear River to secure trade with the frontier country, they were afraid people would use the Pee Dee River and transport their goods to Charleston, South Carolina. The merchants bought land from Newberry in Cross Creek. Campbellton became a place where poor whites and free blacks lived, gained a reputation for lawlessness. In 1783, Cross Creek and Campbellton united, the new town was incorporated as Fayetteville in honor of Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette, a French military hero who aided the American forces during the war.
Fayetteville was the first city to be named in his honor in the United States. Lafayette visited the city on March 5, 1825, during his grand tour of the United States; the local region was settled by Scots in the mid/late 1700s, most of these were Gaelic-speaking Highlanders. The vast majority of Highland Scots, recent immigrants, remained loyal to the British government and rallied to the call to arms from the Royal Governor. Despite this, they were defeated by a larger Revolutionary force at the Battle of Moore's Creek Bridge; the area included a number of active Revolutionaries. In late June 1775, residents drew up the "Liberty Point Resolves," which preceded the Declaration of Independence by a little more than a year, it said, "This obligation to continue in full force until a reconciliation shall take place between Great Britain and America, upon constitutional principles, an event we most ardently desire. Robert Rowan, who organized the group, signed first. Robert Rowan was one of the area's leading public figures of the 18th century.
A merchant and entrepreneur, he settled in Cross Creek in the 1760s. He served as an officer in the French and Indian War, as sheriff and legislator, as a leader of the Patriot cause in the Revolutionary War. Rowan Street and Rowan Park in Fayetteville and a local chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution are named for him, though Rowan County was named for his uncle, Matthew Rowan. Flora MacDonald, a Scots Highland woman known for aiding Bonnie Prince Charlie after his Highlander army's defeat at Culloden in 1746, lived in North Carolina for about five years, she was a staunch Loyalist and aided her husband to raise the local Scots to fight for the King against the Revolution. Seventy-First Township in western Cumberland County is named for a British regiment during the American Revolution – the 71st Regiment of Foot or "Fraser's Highlanders", as they were first called. Fayetteville had, it was the site in 1789 for the state convention that ratified the U. S. Constitution, for the General Assembly session that chartered the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Fayetteville lost out to the future city of Raleigh in the bid to become the permanent state capital. In 1793, the Fayetteville Independent Light Infantry formed and is still active as a ceremonial unit, it is the second-oldest militia unit in the country. Henry Evans, a free black preacher, is locally known as the "Father of Methodism" in the area. Evans was a shoemaker by a licensed Methodist preacher, he met opposition from whites when he began preaching to slaves in Fayetteville, but he attracted whites to his services. He is credited with building the first church in town, called the African Meeting House, in 1796. Evans Metropolitan AME Zion Church is named in his honor. Fayetteville had 3,500 residents in 1820, but Cumberland County's population still ranked as the second-most urban in the state behind New Hanover County, its "Great Fire" of 1831 was believed to be one of the worst in the nation's history, although no lives were lost. Hundreds of homes and businesses and most of the best-known public buildings were lost, including t
Toys "R" Us
Toys "R" Us is an international toy, video game, baby product retailer owned by Tru Kids, Inc. and various others. It was founded in April 1948, with its headquarters located in Wayne, New Jersey, in the New York metropolitan area. Founded by Charles Lazarus in its modern iteration in June 1957, Toys "R" Us traced its origins to Lazarus's children's furniture store, which he started in 1948, he added toys to his offering, shifted his focus. The company had been in the toy business for more than 65 years and operated around 800 stores in the United States and around 800 outside the US, although these numbers have decreased with time. Toys "R" Us expanded as a chain, becoming predominant in its niche field of toy retail, branched out into baby supplies and children's clothing. At its peak, Toys "R" Us was considered a classic example of a category killer. With the rise of mass merchants, as well as online retailers such as Amazon.com, Toys "R" Us began to lose its share of the toy market. The company filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection on September 18, 2017, its British operations entered administration in February 2018.
In March 2018, the company announced that it would close all of its U. S. and British stores. The British locations closed in April and the U. S. locations in June. The Australian wing of Toys "R" Us entered voluntary administration on May 22 and closed all of its stores on August 5, 2018. Operations in other international markets such as Asia and Africa were less affected, but chains in Canada, parts of Europe and Asia were sold to third-parties; the company continues to operate as the licensor of the chain's international operations, but its lenders announced in October 2018 that it planned to re-launch the U. S. Toys "R" Us retail business in the future; the lenders partnered with Kroger to add "Geoffrey's Toy Box" pop-up departments to selected locations in order to give Toys "R" Us a presence during the holiday shopping season. On February 11, 2019, the company emerged from bankruptcy as Tru Kids. In April 1948, Charles P. Lazarus founded a baby-furniture retailer Children's Supermart in Washington, D.
C. during the post-war baby boom. Lazarus, who served in the Army during World War II, opened the first store at 2461 18th St. NW, he began receiving requests from customers for baby toys. After adding baby toys, he got requests for toys for older children, it was acquired in 1966 by Interstate Department Stores, Inc. owner of the White Front, Topps Chains and Children's Bargain Town USA. The focus of the store changed in June 1957, the first Toys "R" Us, dedicated to toys rather than furniture, was opened by Lazarus in Rockville, Maryland. Lazarus designed and stylized the Toys "R" Us logo, which featured a backwards "R" to give the impression that a child wrote it; the original Toys "R" Us store design from 1969 to 1989 consisted of vertical rainbow stripes and a brown roof with a front entrance and side exit. To improve the company, the board of directors installed John Eyler in May 2000. Eyler launched an expensive plan to remodel and re-launch the chain. Blaming market pressures, Toys "R" Us considered splitting its toy and baby businesses.
On March 17, 2005, a consortium of Bain Capital Partners LLC, Kohlberg Kravis Roberts and Vornado Realty Trust announced a $6.6 billion leveraged buyout of the company. Public stock closed for the last time on July 21, 2005 at $26.74—a 63% increase since when it first announced that the company was put up for sale. Toys "R" Us became a owned entity after the buyout; the company still files with the Securities and Exchange Commission, as required by its debt agreements. On August 23, 2011, Toys "R" Us announced it would begin to open combined Toys "R" Us/Babies "R" Us stores, with 21 new stores using the concept, 23 remodeled into the concept; the new locations were being built in Alabama, Georgia, New Jersey, Texas. In December 2013, eight days before Christmas, Toys "R" Us announced their stores in the United States would stay open for 87 hours straight; the flagship store of the retailer in Times Square was open for 24 hours a day from December 1 to 24, to cater to tourists. The announcement came after snow and rain caused a nearly 9 percent year-over-year decline in U.
S. store foot traffic. This move pushed the retailer to hire an additional 45,000 seasonal workers to cater to the demand of the extended store hours. Since the toy business is seasonal, more than 40% of the company's sales come in during the fourth quarter of the year. In 2014, Toys "R" Us announced its "TRU Transformation" strategy, which concentrated on efforts to fix foundational issues affecting future growth, including making stores less cluttered, improving the customer experience, clearer pricing strategies and promotions, tighter integration of its retail and online businesses. In 2015, the company launched the first of a new concept store called the "Toy Lab" in Freehold, New Jersey; the new layout provided more space for interactive exhibits and areas to play with new toys before purchase. This concept has since been expanded to stores in California, Florida, New York and Pennsylvania. On September 18, 2017, Toys "R" Us, Inc. filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy, stating the move would give it flexibility to deal with $5 billion in long-term debt, borrow $2 billion so it can pay suppliers for the upcoming holiday season and invest in improving current operations.
The company has not had an annual profit since 2013. It reported a net loss of US$164 million in the quarter ended
The green beret was the official headdress of the British Commandos of the Second World War. It is still worn by members of the Royal Marines after passing the Commando Course and personnel from other units of the Royal Navy, Army and RAF who serve within 3 Commando Brigade and who have passed the All Arms Commando Course. There are certain other military organizations which wear the green beret because they have regimental or unit histories that have a connection with the British Commandos of the Second World War; these include the Australian and Dutch commandos. It is the norm in the armed forces of the Commonwealth Nations, where most regiments wear headdresss and cap badges which reflect regimental history and traditions; those who joined the British Commandos kept their parent regimental headdress and cap badges. In 1941, No. 1 Commando had no fewer than 79 different cap badges and many different forms of headdress. "Thus a motley collection of caps, Tam o' Shanters, forage caps, caps'fore and aft', peaked KD caps, etc. appeared on the Commando parades," says Captain Oakley, "the forest being a veritable RSM’s nightmare!"No. 2 Commando and No. 9 Commando faced with the same problem had adopted the Tam o' Shanter, but, as a traditional Scottish headdress, this was not considered suitable for what was a British unit.
After some discussion it was agreed that if No. 1 Commando was to adopt a uniformed headdress the beret, worn by the Tank Regiment since the First World War, would meet the requirements: it had no British regional affinity, it was difficult to wear improperly, it could be stowed away without damage. Having decided on the headdress, the next question to be resolved was the colour; the shoulder insignia of No. 1 Commando had been designed by the Richmond Herald at the College of Arms. It incorporated three colours in its design of a green salamander going through fire: red and green. Green was chosen as the most suitable. A Scottish firm of tam-o-shanter makers in Irvine was chosen to manufacture the beret. Once the design was agreed, Brigadier Robert Laycock was approached by No. 1 Commando to seek his permission to wear it. He had been pondering on what the commandos should use for their headdress, welcomed the green beret as a chance to introduce it as standard for all commando formations, with No. 1 Commando being the first to don them.
The proposal that the commandos should start wearing green beret as their official headdress was submitted to the Chief of Combined Operations and forwarded by Lord Mountbatten to the Under-Secretary of State for War. Approval was granted and in October 1942 the first green berets were issued to the Royal Marines. Australian Commando berets are known as being "Sherwood Green" in colour; the corps badge on the beret is a black background and a gold combat dagger with the motto "Foras Admonitio" meaning "Without Warning" across the dagger. The green beret is only awarded to a soldier upon becoming qualified as a Commando in either of the below regiments. 1st Commando Regiment 2nd Commando Regiment. 4th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment, a special forces unit of the Australian Army Consisting of two battalions within the light brigade, only the 2nd Commando Battalion inherited the green beret along with other traditions from the 4th Troop of No.10 Commando. These paracommandos are the only "green berets" that are no longer a special operations force, but are considered to be elite.
However, the Belgian special forces only recruits from paracommandos. The Special Forces of the Netherlands consist of the KCT, their motto is "Nunc aut Nunquam", Latin for "Now or Never". The roots of the KCT go back to World War II. Under the name No. 2 Troop, the first Dutch commandos were trained in Achnacarry, Scotland, as part of No. 10 Commando. The unit was formed on March 22, 1942, the birthday of the present KCT. Members of the Royal Netherlands Marine Corps receive upon completion of the Commando Course a green beret, but with the gold anchor on a red background; the Commandos Marine are an elite special operations unit of the French Navy. Formed from Fusiliers Marins during the Second World War in Britain, they wear the same green berets, pulled right, as the British Commandos, they are called bérets verts. In the United Kingdom all Royal Marines who have passed the Commando Course wear the green beret. Personnel from the Royal Navy, British Army, Royal Air Force volunteering for service with 3 Commando Brigade undertake the All Arms Commando Course, completion of which allows individuals to wear the headdress.
Commando-qualified Royal Marines always wear the green beret, with the Globe and Laurel cap badge and commando-qualified personnel from other armed services wear the beret, with their own cap badge, when serving with commando units unless otherwise authorised. The Special Boat Service wear the green Commando beret but with their own cap badge consisting of a sword with two blue waved lines with the words "by strength and guile" The Commando Badge of a Fairbairn-Sykes fighting knife on a triangular patch/badge is worn on the sleeve in perpetuity by all those who have passed the course. In the U. S. armed forces, the green beret may be worn only by soldiers awarded the Special Forces Tab, signifying they have been qualified as Special Forces soldiers. The Special Forces beret is designated "beret, man's, rifle green, army shade 297". U. S. Special Forces wear the green beret as a distinction of excellence and uniqueness within the Army; the 10th Special Forces Group had many OSS World War II vete
Cross-Country (G.I. Joe)
Cross-Country is a fictional character from the G. I. Joe: A Real American Hero toyline, comic books and animated series, he is the G. I. Joe Team's H. A. V. O. C. Driver and debuted in 1986, his real name is Robert M. Blais, his rank is that of sergeant E-5. Cross-Country was born in North Carolina. Cross-Country's primary military specialty is armor, his secondary military specialty is heavy equipment operator, his father was a bulldozer operator, his mother drove a grader, therefore he had a natural affinity for heavy machinery, coupled with an uncanny sense of direction and fearlessness under fire. He is a qualified expert with the heavy laser M-16A2, M-2 50 cal. MG, and.45 auto-pistol. Cross-Country was first released as an action figure in 1986, packaged with the H. A. V. O. C.. A new version of Cross-Country was released as part of the Battle Corps line. A new figure of Cross Country based on his cartoon likeness will be released in 2014 by the G. I. Joe Collectors' Club's Membership Incentive Figure. In the Marvel Comics G.
I. Joe series, he first appeared, driving the HAVOC vehicle, in G. I. Joe: A Real American Hero #51, he is mocked by Zarana as being a hillbilly, he proudly argues. He and Sgt. Slaughter man the HAVOC and pursue the escaping Joe prisoner Zartan and his Dreadnoks, they in the Thunder Machine. Cross Country and the Dreadnok driver Thrasher shoot up each other's vehicles and play chicken, only won when the Dreadnoks go on their two right wheels. Thrasher escapes via suicidal moves and despite Sgt. Slaughter finding the group, they avoid notice via Zartan's disguise expertise. Cross Country is one of the first three Joes to discover that Cobra soldiers had infiltrated the now empty Joe headquarters, he takes part in the overland defense. Cross-Country is seen piloting his HAVOC overland at the Joe's United States base. Cross-Country is featured as part of a small Joe team getting into trouble in the New Jersey countryside. Along with Mutt and their dogs and Order, Cross-Country locates a Dreadnok hideout, an abandoned gas station.
During this incident, Cross-Country obliterates Thrasher's new Thunder Machine by driving the HAVOC straight over it. Cross-Country is part of a mission in the fictional country of Trucial Abysmia, his squad of Joes destroy several Cobra facilities called Terror Dromes but they are captured to a man. A mistake while talking with Cobra Commander leads the Joe's captors, the Crimson Twins to assume the prisoners are to be executed. A S. A. W. Viper steps forward upon seeing the Twin's reluctance, he slays Doc, Heavy Metal and Crankcase. A concealed knife allows the survivors to escape in a ` Cobra Rage' vehicle; the Joes manage to destroy several pursuers. The tank is hit by a Cobra'Maggot', Quick-Kick and Breaker are killed. Cross Country, Duke and Lt. Falcon manage to escape to safety. Cross-Country is part of a G. I. Joe tank crew. At first, along with Cover Girl and Wild Card, Cross-Country had been part of a friendly confrontation designed to showcase who had the better tanks to outside interests. Thanks to severe Cobra influence, the Joes and the Guard team up to protect innocent and not so innocent civilians from being murdered.
Cross-Country appeared in the original G. I. Joe animated series voiced by Michael McConnohie, he first appeared in the animated series in the second-season episode "Arise, Arise!" Part I where Beach-Head tells General Hawk and Flint that Cross-Country is putting a tape deck in his H. A. V. O. C. Cross-Country states that it would be for fighting music when the other Joes would want to beat him up; the character enjoys listening to country music during his appearances. He wears various Confederate clothing articles from the Civil War including boot leggings, a soldier's infantry cap, he has appeared in the following episodes: Cobrathon Into Your Tent... Joes' Night Out Most Dangerous Thing In The World Nightmare Assault Raise The Flagg The Spy That Rooked Me Into Your Tent I Will Silently Creep Cross-Country appeared in the 1987 animated film G. I. Joe: The Movie. Cross-Country at JMM's G. I. Joe Comics Home Page