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The Falles is a traditional celebration held in commemoration of Saint Joseph in the city of Valencia, Spain. The term Falles refers to the monuments burnt during the celebration. A number of towns in the Valencian Community have similar celebrations inspired by the original Falles de València celebration; the Falles festival was added to UNESCO's intangible cultural heritage of humanity list on 30 November 2016. Each neighbourhood of the city has an organised group of people, the Casal faller, that works all year long holding fundraising parties and dinners featuring the noted dish paella, a specialty of the region; each casal faller produces a construction known as a falla, burnt. A casal faller is known as a comissió fallera and there are 400 registered in Valencia; the name of the festival is the plural of the Valencian word falla. The word's derivation is as follows: Latin fax, "torch" → Latin faculaVulgar Latin *faclam → Valencian falla. Much time would be spent by the casal faller preparing the ninots.

During the four days leading up to 19 March, each group takes its ninot out for a grand parade, mounts it, each on its own elaborate firecracker-filled cardboard and paper-mâché artistic monument in a street of the given neighbourhood. This whole assembly is a falla; the ninots and their falles are constructed according to an agreed-upon theme that has traditionally been a satirical jab at whatever draws the attention of the fallers. In modern times, the two-week-long festival has spawned a substantial local industry, to the point that an entire suburban area has been designated the Ciutat fallera. Here, crews of artists and artisans, sculptors and other craftsmen, all spend months producing elaborate constructions of paper and wax and polystyrene foam tableaux towering up to five stories, composed of fanciful figures caricatures, in provocative poses arranged in a gravity-defying manner; each of them is produced under the direction of one of the many individual neighbourhood casals fallers who vie with each other to attract the best artists, to create the most outrageous allegorical monument to their target.

There are about 750 of these neighbourhood associations in Valencia, with over 200,000 members, or a quarter of the city's population. During Falles, many people wear their casal faller dress of regional and historical costumes from different eras of València's history; the dolçaina and tabalet are heard, as most of the different casals fallers have their own traditional bands. Although the Falles is a traditional event and many participants dress in medieval clothing, the ninots for 2005 included such modern characters as Shrek and George W. Bush, the 2012 Falles included characters like Barack Obama and Lady Gaga; the five days and nights of Falles might be described as a continuous street party. There are a multitude of processions: historical and comedic. Crowds in the restaurants spill out into the streets. Explosions can be heard sporadically through the night. Everyone from small children to elderly people can be seen throwing fireworks and noisemakers in the streets, which are littered with pyrotechnical debris.

The timing of the events is fixed, they fall on the same date every year, though there has been discussion about holding some events on the weekend preceding the Falles, to take greater advantage of the tourist potential of the festival or changing the end date in years where it is due to occur in midweek. Each day of Falles begins at 8:00 am with La Despertà. Brass bands begin to march down every street playing lively music. Close behind them are the fallers; the Mascletà, an explosive barrage of coordinated firecracker and fireworks displays, takes place at 2:00 pm every day of the festival. At 2:00 pm the clock chimes and the Fallera Major, dressed in her fallera finery, will call from the balcony of City Hall, Senyor/a pirotècnic/a, pot començar la mascletà!, the Mascletà begins. The Mascletà is unique to the Valencian Community, popular with the Valencian people. Smaller neighbourhoods hold their own mascletà for saints' days and other celebrations. A nighttime variant runs in the evening hours by the same pyrotechnicans that were present in the afternoon.

In some days, women pyrotechnicians are selected to compete. The event is televised regionwide. On the day of the 15th, all of the falles infantils are to be finished being constructed, that night all of the falles majors are to be completed. If not, they face disqualification. In this event, the flower offering, each of the casals fallers takes an offering of flowers to the Virgin Mary as Our Lady of the Forsaken; this occurs all day during 17–18 March. A statue of the Virgin Mary and its large pedestal are covered with all the flowers. On the nights of the 15, 16, 17, 18th there are firework displays in the old riverbed in València; each night is progressively grander and the last is called La Nit del Foc. On the final evening of Falles, at 7:00 pm on March 19, a parade known in Valencian as the Cavalcada del Foc (the Fire Parade

Fiona Apple discography

The discography of American singer-songwriter and pianist Fiona Apple consists of four studio albums, one compilation album, 17 singles and 15 music videos. In 1994, Apple signed a record deal with The Work Group and Columbia Records, began recording material for her debut album Tidal; the album contained elements of baroque pop and jazz. It became a commercial success, being certified three-times platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America, it established Apple's presence in the music industry. The album produced the Grammy Award-winning controversial single "Criminal". In 1998, The Work Group was absorbed by Epic Records, which released Apple's second album known as When the Pawn... in 1999. The album's full title holds the record for the third longest album title, it was certified platinum by the RIAA. In 2002, Apple began recording for her third studio album, Extraordinary Machine, delayed for more than three years being bootlegged in 2004. Extraordinary Machine featured an art pop-oriented sound and was released in 2005.

Like its predecessor, it was certified gold by the RIAA. In 2008, Apple went on a hiatus while secretly recording new material for her fourth studio album, The Idler Wheel.... The album was released in seven years after the release of Extraordinary Machine. Fiona Apple has sold over 10 million albums worldwide. Official website Fiona Apple at AllMusic Fiona Apple discography at Discogs

Timothy Wesley Townsend

Timothy Westley Townsend was an American Photographer. Established one of the earliest photography studios in Iowa and produced the stereoview series "Gems of Clear Lake" and "Views of Iowa City and Vicinity." Townsend was born in Knox County, Ohio. The son of James Townsend and Susanna Townsend, he married Anna Emaline Coover, daughter of Isaac and Anna Wilhelmina Coover at Muscatine, Iowa on January 4, 1866, they had two children, Alva Coover Townsend and Charles Fremont Townsend, both would follow their father into the photography business. Timothy's brother, Israel Lewis Townsend, his nephew James Arthur Townsend were photographers. Israel having a studio at Iowa Falls and James having a studio at Hastings, Nebraska. Israel produced the stereoview series Iowa Vicinity. In 1866, T. W. Townsend moved to Iowa City, Johnson county and established a Townsend's Photography Studio above Whetstone's Drug Store. In 1888, T. W. Townsend moved to Lincoln and opened a new Studio there at 226 South Eleventh Street.

In 1894, T. W. Townsend was awarded a diploma for meritorious work at the exposition of the National Photographers Association in St Louis. In 1895, T. W. Townsend was elected President of the Nebraska State Photographer's Association. In 1898, T. W. Townsend moved to Pasadena and bought the Westerfelt Photography Studio, the largest studio in Los Angeles, he left his Lincoln, Nebraska Studio to be run by Alva Coover Townsend. In 1899, T. W. Townsend bought the P. D. Wert's Photography Studio in Iowa, he left his Los Angeles, California studio to be run by Charles Fremont Townsend. In 1903, Mr. Townsend's son, was elected president of the Nebraska State Photographer's Association. In 1904, Charles Fremont Townsend sold the Los Angeles, California studio and moved to Des Moines, Iowa where he opened a Photography Studio at 613 Walnut Street. By 1905, Charles Fremont Townsend was the president of the Photography Association of Iowa. In 1910, Charles Fremont Townsend was elected second vice-president of the National Photography Association.

By 1911, he was the vice president. In 1913, Charles Fremont Townsend was elected President of the Photographers Association of America. In 1917, Alva Coover Townsend was elected President of the Missouri Valley Photographer’s Association. In 1927, Alva Coover Townsend was elected President of the National Photographers Association, he was re-elected in 1928

Eugene Magee

Eugene Magee Ireland men's field hockey international. He was a member of the Ireland team that won the bronze medal at the 2015 Men's EuroHockey Nations Championship, he represented Ireland at the 2016 Summer Olympics and at the 2018 Men's Hockey World Cup. At club level he has won Men's Irish Hockey League, Irish Senior Cup and Kirk Cup titles with Banbridge, he has scored for three different clubs – HGC, KHC Dragons and Banbridge – in the Euro Hockey League. Magee's hometown is Ballela in County Down, he completed his elementary education at All Saints Ballela. In his youth Magee played hurling, representing Down/South Down at minor level, he continued to play hurling for Ballela after deciding to concentrate on field hockey. He played in two Down Junior Hurling Championship finals for Ballela. In 2008 he scored four goals when helping Ballela lift the Down title with a win over Clonduff. In 2015 he scored a point in their extra-time victory over Newry Shamrocks. Between 1997 and 2004 Magee attended Banbridge Academy where he first began to play field hockey.

In a 2015 interview with The Irish News, Magee stated, "I discovered that many of the hurling skills were transferable and I became quite good at hockey." Between 2004 and 2009 he attended Ulster University where he gained a BSc in Quantity Surveying. Between 2013 and 2014 he attended Queen's University Belfast where he gained a Master's degree in Software Development. Magee's brother, Owen Magee, has played field hockey for both Banbridge and Ireland and hurling for Ballela. Magee began his senior career with Banbridge. While playing for Banbridge, he represented Ulster at interprovincial level and Ulster Elks at intervarsity level. After brief spells playing professionally with HGC and Adelaide Hotshots, in 2009 Magee left Banbridge for KHC Dragons. After four seasons away, Magee re-joined Banbridge in 2013. In 2014 he helped Banbridge win the Eurohockey Champions Challenge I. In 2014–15 he captained Banbridge as they won both the Kirk Cup and the Irish Senior Cup. In 2016 he was a member of the Banbridge team that finished as runners up to Lisnagarvey in the EY Champions Trophy.

In 2016–17 he a member of the Banbridge team that won a national double, winning both the Irish Senior Cup and the Men's Irish Hockey League. He scored twice in the Irish Senior Cup final as Banbridge defeated Monkstown 3–1, he represented Banbridge in the 2016–17 Euro Hockey League. In 2007 Magee played for HGC in the Hoofdklasse and the 2007–08 Euro Hockey League, his teammates at HGC included Iain Lewers, John Jermyn, Barry Middleton and Bram Lomans. In March 2008, following the 2008 Men's Field Hockey Olympic Qualifier, Magee played for Adelaide Hotshots in the Australian Hockey League. Between 2009 and 2012 Magee played for KHC Dragons in the Men's Belgian Hockey League, he helped Dragons win national league titles and represented them in the 2010–11 and 2011–12 Euro Hockey Leagues. He helped them finish third in the 2011–12 competition. Magee spent the 2012–13 season playing for Crefelder HTC in the Bundesliga, his teammates at Crefelder HTC included Ronan Gormley. Magee made his senior debut for Ireland in 2005 against Belgium.

He was a member of the Ireland teams that won the 2009 Men's EuroHockey Nations Trophy and the 2011 Men's Hockey Champions Challenge II. Magee helped Ireland win Men's FIH Hockey World League tournaments in 2012, 2015 and 2017. In May 2015 Magee made his 200th senior appearance for Ireland in a game against France. After Ronan Gormley, he became the second Ireland men's international to reach the 200 mark. Gormley reached his double century earlier in May 2015, he was a member of the Ireland team that won the bronze medal at the 2015 Men's EuroHockey Nations Championship. He represented Ireland at the 2016 Summer Olympics and at the 2018 Men's Hockey World Cup. In June 2017 Magee was a member of the Ireland team that won the Hamburg Masters, defeating Germany 4–2 in the final, he retired from international hockey after Ireland failed to qualify for the 2020 Summer Olympics. Source: Magee has worked as a quantity surveyor and as a software engineer. IrelandHamburg Masters Winners: 2017 Men's FIH Hockey World League Round 1 Winners: 2012 Cardiff Men's FIH Hockey World League Round 2 Winners: 2015 San Diego, 2017 Belfast Runners up: 2013 New Delhi Men's FIH Series Finals Runners up: 2019 Le Touquet Men's Hockey Champions Challenge II Winners: 2011 Runners up: 2009 Men's EuroHockey Nations Trophy Winners: 2009 Men's Field Hockey Olympic Qualifier Runners up: 2012 Men's Hockey Investec Cup Runners up: 2014BanbridgeEurohockey Champions Challenge I Winners: 2014: 1 Men's Irish Hockey League Winners: 2016–17: 1 Irish Senior Cup Winners: 2014–15, 2016–17: 2 Kirk Cup Winners: 2014–15: 1 EY Champions Trophy Runners-up: 2016: 1KHC DragonsBelgium Hockey League Winners: 2009–10, 2010–11: 2 Eugene Magee at the International Hockey Federation

Eisenhüttenstädter FC Stahl

Eisenhüttenstädter FC Stahl was a German association football club based in Eisenhüttenstadt, near the Polish border. The club's predecessors were founded as BSG Stahl Fürstenberg Ost in 1950; the community of Stalinstadt was built nearby for the workers of the local ironworks, so the team was known as BSG Stahl Stalinstadt from 1953 to 1961. Fuerstenberg and the village of Schönfließ were merged late in 1961 to form Eisenhüttenstadt, the club, in turn, became BSG Stahl Eisenhüttenstadt. Stahl played as a second division side in East Germany's DDR-Liga just two forays into the first tier DDR-Oberliga. In 1970–71, the team was relegated from the Oberliga to Bezirksliga Frankfurt for "damaging the principles of socialist society" when it became too obvious that they were paying their players. After German reunification in 1990, the side took on its current name and appeared in the last FDGB-Pokal final in 1991, losing to league champions Hansa Rostock by a score of 1–0; this qualified for them for the following year's Cup Winner's Cup.

They were eliminated by Galatasaray. That was the high point for the club; the club became part of the new Regionalliga Nordost in 1994 and played at this level until the league was disbanded in 2000. Stahl returned to the Oberliga for the next five seasons. Late in 2004, the club withdrew from competition and had their results annulled, they recovered themselves sufficiently to be able to field a side in Verbandsliga Brandenburg but dropped down to the Landesliga for the 2013–14 season. It made an immediate return to the Brandenburg-Liga. Stahl was part of a merger creating FC Eisenhüttenstadt in June 2015 and folded into that club one year later; the club's honours: DDR-Liga Division champions: 1969, 1989 NOFV-Oberliga Nord Runners-up: 1994 Brandenburg Cup Winners: 1992, 1993, 2002 Runners-up: 1997, 1998 FDGB-Pokal Runners-up: 1991 Official website The Abseits Guide to German Soccer

Jamaal Branch

Jamaal Branch is a former American football running back. Who played two seasons with the New Orleans Saints of the National Football League, he was signed by the Saints as an undrafted free agent in 2006. He played college football at Colgate University. Jamaal Branch was born in Hartford, but soon after his family moved to Mashpee, where he still resides. Branch attended Falmouth High School and graduated in 1999. While at Falmouth, Branch was a 4-time letter-winner for Football & Track teams, was teammates at Falmouth with another former NFL player from Mashpee, Willie Ford. Branch played college football at Colgate University from 2000–2001, 2003-2004. After sitting out all of 2002 for personal reasons, Branch led all of Division I football with 168.8 rushing yards and 12.5 points per game in 2003, setting NCAA records for yards, rushes, 100-yard games, consecutive 100-yard games. He received the 2003 Walter Payton Award, given annually by The Sports to the best player in Division I-AA football.

It is considered to be the equivalent of the Heisman Trophy for Division I-A. He is the first in his family to attend and graduate from college. Before Branch's rookie season, he played in NFL Europe for the Rhein Fire and Cologne Centurions to help develop his skills and adjust to playing in the NFL. On December 29, 2006, it was reported. Two days in the Saints' New Year's Eve game against the Carolina Panthers, Branch scored his first touchdown, it was a 7-yard outside rush to the end zone. Branch broke his leg on the opening kickoff of the 2007 season's week 16 game against Philadelphia. Branch did not play again that season, he was released by the Saints on May 2, 2008. Branch works with the Pop Warner Youth Football players in his hometown of Mashpee, works with a company called D-1 Athletes, alongside former Carolina Panthers and Tennessee Titans wide receiver, Isaac Byrd. Branch works with touted high school football prospects & players who are being recruited by or potential D-1 College Football players.

Branch works on speed development and running back techniques with the company. A native of Mashpee, Branch is of mixed African-American and Native American Indian descent, his mother is from the Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe. Colgate University bio