Rushville is a city in Rushville Township, Rush County, in the U. S. state of Indiana. The population was 6,341 at the 2010 census; the city is the county seat of Rush County. It was the campaign headquarters for Wendell Willkie's 1940 presidential campaign against Franklin D. Roosevelt. Willkie is buried in the city's East Hill Cemetery. It, like the county, was named in honor of Dr. Benjamin Rush, who signed the Declaration of Independence. Rush County was formed from the unorganized Delaware County April 1, 1822. On July 29 town lots were sold and the town started to form. A school had been started in 1821 by Dr. W. B. Laughlin, a member of the Legislature when the county was formed, is considered the founding father of the town. A jail was built, Charles Veeder, was the first postmaster in 1822, a courthouse was built in 1823; the Dog Fennel Gazette was published in 1823. The railroad was built in 1850 and after that a bank, factories and grain elevators sprang up; the Rushville post office has been in operation since 1822.
The Durbin Hotel, John K. Gowdy House, Melodeon Hall, Rush County Courthouse, Rushville Commercial Historic District, St. Paul Methodist Episcopal Church, Booker T. Washington School, Wendell Lewis Willkie House are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Rushville is located at 39°36′52″N 85°26′55″W, along the Flatrock River. According to the 2010 census, Rushville has a total area of all land; as of the census of 2000, there were 5,995 people, 2,434 households, 1,552 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,668.8 people per square mile. There were 2,597 housing units at an average density of 1,156.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 96.45% White, 1.58% African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.85% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.13% from other races, 0.73% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.40% of the population. There were 2,434 households out of which 31.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.9% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.2% were non-families.
31.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.99. In the city, the population was spread out with 25.2% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to 64, 17.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.0 males. The median income for a household in the city was $30,233, the median income for a family was $36,646. Males had a median income of $30,127 versus $22,440 for females; the per capita income for the city was $17,072. About 8.1% of families and 11.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.3% of those under age 18 and 12.0% of those age 65 or over. The town has the Rushville Public Library. City of Rushville website "Wendell Willkie, Presidential Contender" from C-SPAN's The Contenders, broadcast from Rushville
Washington Township, Rush County, Indiana
Washington Township is one of twelve townships in Rush County, Indiana. As of the 2010 census, its population was 475 and it contained 201 housing units; the Hall-Crull Octagonal House was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1984. According to the 2010 census, the township has a total area of 34.26 square miles, all land. Raleigh at 39.7439346°N 85.3638580°W / 39.7439346.
Union Township, Rush County, Indiana
Union Township is one of twelve townships in Rush County, Indiana. As of the 2010 census, its population was 765 and it contained 342 housing units; the Dr. John Arnold Farm was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1989. According to the 2010 census, the township has a total area of 35.5 square miles, all land. Glenwood Fairview at 39.6856023°N 85.3010780°W / 39.6856023.
A town is a human settlement. Towns are larger than villages but smaller than cities, though the criteria to distinguish them vary between different parts of the world; the word town shares an origin with the German word Zaun, the Dutch word tuin, the Old Norse tun. The German word Zaun comes closest to the original meaning of the word: a fence of any material. An early borrowing from Celtic *dunom. In English and Dutch, the meaning of the word took on the sense of the space which these fences enclosed. In England, a town was a small community that could not afford or was not allowed to build walls or other larger fortifications, built a palisade or stockade instead. In the Netherlands, this space was a garden, more those of the wealthy, which had a high fence or a wall around them. In Old Norse tun means a place between farmhouses, the word is still used in a similar meaning in modern Norwegian. In Old English and Early and Middle Scots, the words ton, etc. could refer to diverse kinds of settlements from agricultural estates and holdings picking up the Norse sense at one end of the scale, to fortified municipalities.
If there was any distinction between toun and burgh as claimed by some, it did not last in practice as burghs and touns developed. For example, "Edina Burgh" or "Edinburgh" was built around a fort and came to have a defensive wall. In some cases, "town" is an alternative name for "city" or "village". Sometimes, the word "town" is short for "township". In general, today towns can be differentiated from townships, villages, or hamlets on the basis of their economic character, in that most of a town's population will tend to derive their living from manufacturing industry and public services rather than primary industry such as agriculture or related activities. A place's population size is not a reliable determinant of urban character. In many areas of the world, e.g. in India at least until recent times, a large village might contain several times as many people as a small town. In the United Kingdom, there are historical cities; the modern phenomenon of extensive suburban growth, satellite urban development, migration of city dwellers to villages has further complicated the definition of towns, creating communities urban in their economic and cultural characteristics but lacking other characteristics of urban localities.
Some forms of non-rural settlement, such as temporary mining locations, may be non-rural, but have at best a questionable claim to be called a town. Towns exist as distinct governmental units, with defined borders and some or all of the appurtenances of local government. In the United States these are referred to as "incorporated towns". In other cases the town lacks its own governance and is said to be "unincorporated". Note that the existence of an unincorporated town may be set out by other means, e.g. zoning districts. In the case of some planned communities, the town exists in the form of covenants on the properties within the town; the United States Census identifies many census-designated places by the names of unincorporated towns which lie within them. The distinction between a town and a city depends on the approach: a city may be an administrative entity, granted that designation by law, but in informal usage, the term is used to denote an urban locality of a particular size or importance: whereas a medieval city may have possessed as few as 10,000 inhabitants, today some consider an urban place of fewer than 100,000 as a town though there are many designated cities that are much smaller than that.
Australian geographer Thomas Griffith Taylor proposed a classification of towns based on their age and pattern of land use. He identified five types of town: Infantile towns, with no clear zoning Juvenile towns, which have developed an area of shops Adolescent towns, where factories have started to appear Early mature towns, with a separate area of high-class housing Mature towns, with defined industrial and various types of residential area In Afghanistan and cities are known as shār; as the country is an rural society with few larger settlements, with major cities never holding more than a few hundred thousand inhabitants before the 2000s, the lingual tradition of the country does not discriminate between towns and cities. In Albania "qytezë" means town, similar with the word for city. Although there is no official use of the term for any settlement. In Albanian "qytezë" means "small city" or "new city", while in ancient times "small residential center within the walls of a castle"; the center is a population group, larger than a village, smaller than a city.
Though the village is bigger than a hamlet In Australia, towns or "urban centre localities" are understood to be those centers of population not formally declared to be cities and having a population in excess of about 200 people. Centers too small to be called towns are understood to be a township. In addition, some local government entities are styled as towns in Queensland, Western Australia and the Northern Territory, before the statewide amalgamations of th
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Area code 765
Area code 765 is a North American Numbering Plan area code for most of central Indiana. It serves a horseshoe-shaped region of 20 counties surrounding the Indianapolis area, served by area code 317; some cities included are Anderson, Crawfordsville, Greencastle, Lafayette, Muncie, New Castle and West Lafayette. Blackford County Clinton County Delaware County Fayette County Fountain County Grant County Henry County Howard County Montgomery County Parke County Putnam County Randolph County Rush County Tippecanoe County Tipton County Wayne County Union County Vermillion County Benton County Boone County Carroll County Clay County Decatur County Franklin County Hancock County Hamilton County Hendricks County Jay County Madison County Miami County Morgan County Shelby County Wabash County Wells County White County Vigo County Prior to 1996, 317 covered all of Central Indiana. Population growth and increased number demand necessitated a split for the region. Beginning on February 1, 1997, with mandatory dialing effective June 28, the greater Indianapolis area retained 317 and the remainder of Central Indiana split off into area code 765.
The creation of 765 came amid some fanfare, as it was Indiana's first new area code in 49 years
Fayette County, Indiana
Fayette County is one of 92 counties in U. S. state of Indiana located in the east central portion of the state. As of 2010, the population was 24,277. Most of the county is rural; the county seat and only incorporated town is Connersville, which holds a majority of the county's population. The county was significant early in the 19th century as a conduit for settlement of the Northwest Territory, again in the early 20th century as an automotive manufacturing center, but has been in economic decline since the 1960's and is now among the poorest counties in the state. Most employment is retail and healthcare; the county lacks a commercial airport and bus service, has no major highways. The county was created in 1818 from portions of Wayne and Franklin counties and unincorporated territory. Fayette County comprises the Connersville, IN Micropolitan Statistical Area; the county and its seat Connersville rose from unincorporated territory surrounding an isolated trading post on the Whitewater River to the principal conduit for settlement of northern and central Indiana, Michigan and Illinois during the early 19th century, to an automotive manufacturing powerhouse in the first half of the 20th century, suffered recession and post-war industrial revival before declining to one of the poorest counties in Indiana and the central midwest.
After early settlement, during industrial growth, the county's population concentrated in the town of Connersville. In 1841, Connersville became the first, remains the only, incorporated town in the county; the first European explorers in Indiana came in the 1670s, the first settlers in Fayette County sometime before 1808. Prior to that Fayette County and Indiana were inhabited by Native Americans for at least two hundred years. Older civilizations called the Mound Builders preceded the modern tribes, they are called such for the distinctive mounds they constructed 2,000 to 3,000 years ago, as well as the many metal and pottery artifacts left behind in mounds across Indiana and Ohio. However, by the time Europeans reached the Indiana Territory, the nomadic Miami and Potawatomi inhabited the area; the Delaware Indians, displaced from their ancestral homelands in the east, migrated to the Whitewater Valley. At the organization of the Indiana Territory from the Northwest Territory in 1800, the Northwest Territory including present day Indiana was divided between Knox County in the south, Wayne County, including northern Ohio north of Fort Wayne in the north.
By the Ohio Enabling Act of 1802 settlers in the Whitewater valley became citizens of the Indiana Territory and residents of Clark county, organized from the eastern part of Knox in 1801, with the county seat at Falls of the Ohio called Clarksville. On Sept. 30, 1809, the United States, on behalf of the Northwest Territory and Governor William Henry Harrison, concluded the Treaty of Fort Wayne, part of whose terms included the purchase from the Indians of a strip of land locally called "The 12 Mile Purchase" parallel to and west of "The Gore", enclosing the Whitewater Valley and comprising the largest portion of the future county. Conclusion of the treaty ended Indian occupation of the county and cleared the way for settlement. In southeastern Indiana, a part of the Northwest Territory nicknamed "The Gore" was ceded from Ohio to Indiana in 1803 and became Dearborn County. Wayne and Franklin counties were carved from Dearborn and Clark counties in 1811. At that time much of southeastern Indiana was divided between the two latter counties.
Fayette County was created by act of the Indiana General Assembly in December 1818 from portions of Wayne and Franklin counties and unincorporated territory in the northern portion of the county. It was named for a French hero of the Revolutionary War. Connersville a small village of less than a hundred inhabitants, was designated the county seat; the county was divided into five townships in February 1819, Connersville Township containing the namesake town. In 1821, the organization of Waterloo Township subsumed the portion of Brownsville Township remaining in Fayette County, along with a portion of Harrison Township west of the Whitewater River; the far eastern part of Fayette lying between the Treaty of Greenville treaty line of 1795 and the present eastern boundary line of Waterloo and Jennings townships was split off into the newly created Union County in 1821. In 1826, a small part in the southeastern portion of Jackson township not included in the limits of the county in 1818, being left a part of Franklin county, was attached to Fayette County.
Four additional townships were created in years: Posey, Orange and Fairview, corresponding to settlement of the area. At the time of its organization in 1819, the county had 3,000 residents. Two major events spurred early growth: the completion of the Whitewater Canal in 1847, the arrival of the Cincinnati and Indianapolis Railroad through Connersville in 1862. Economic productivity in the county, except for farming, has been centered exclusively in the one town of Connersville; the automotive era of Connersville began in 1909. The following year, Lexington moved its plant to Connersville from its namesake city in Kentucky. Next came Empire, which built the Little Aristocrat. After Lexington went bankrupt in 1926, Auburn production moved to a factory complex known as Auburn Central; the “Baby Duesenberg” designed in Connersville eventually