Sir John Falstaff is a fictional character who appears in three plays by William Shakespeare and is eulogized in a fourth. His significance as a developed character is formed in the plays Henry IV, Part 1 and Part 2, where he is a companion to Prince Hal, the future King Henry V of England. A notable eulogy for Falstaff is presented in Act II, Scene III of Henry V, where Falstaff does not appear as a character on stage, as enacted by Mistress Quickly in terms that some scholars have ascribed to Plato's description of the death of Socrates after drinking hemlock. By comparison, Falstaff is presented as the buffoonish suitor of two married women in The Merry Wives of Windsor. Though a comic figure, Falstaff still embodies a kind of depth common to Shakespeare's major characters. A fat, vain and cowardly knight, he spends most of his time drinking at the Boar's Head Inn with petty criminals, living on stolen or borrowed money. Falstaff leads the wayward Prince Hal into trouble, is repudiated after Hal becomes king.

Falstaff has since appeared in other media, notably in operas by Giuseppe Verdi, Ralph Vaughan Williams, Otto Nicolai, in Orson Welles' 1966 film Chimes at Midnight. The operas focus on his role in The Merry Wives of Windsor, while the film adapts from the Henriad and The Merry Wives. Welles, who played Falstaff in his film, considered the character to be "Shakespeare's greatest creation". Falstaff appears in three of Shakespeare's plays, Henry IV, Part 1, Henry IV, Part 2, The Merry Wives of Windsor, his death is mentioned in Henry V but he has no lines, nor is it directed that he appear on stage. However, many stage and film adaptations have seen it necessary to include Falstaff for the insight he provides into King Henry V's character; the most notable examples in cinema are Laurence Olivier's 1944 version and Kenneth Branagh's 1989 film, both of which draw additional material from the Henry IV plays. The character is known to have been popular with audiences at the time, for many years afterwards.

According to Leonard Digges, writing shortly after Shakespeare's death, while many plays could not get good audiences, "let but Falstaff come, Poins, the rest, you scarce shall have a room". King Henry is troubled by the behaviour of his heir, the Prince of Wales. Hal has forsaken the Royal Court to waste his time in taverns with low companions; this calls into question his royal worthiness. Hal's chief friend and foil in living the low life is Sir John Falstaff. Fat, old and corrupt as he is, he has a charisma and a zest for life that captivates the Prince. Hal makes no pretense at being like him, he enjoys insulting his dissolute friend and makes sport of him by joining in Poins' plot to disguise themselves and rob and terrify Falstaff and three friends of loot they have stolen in a highway robbery, purely for the fun of watching Falstaff lie about it after which Hal returns the stolen money. Rather early in the play, in fact, Hal informs us that his riotous time will soon come to a close, he will re-assume his rightful high place in affairs by showing himself worthy to his father and others through some noble exploits.

Hal believes that this sudden change of manner will amount to a greater reward and acknowledgment of prince-ship, in turn earn him respect from the members of the court. On the way to this climax, we are treated to Falstaff, who has "misused the King's press damnably", not only by taking money from able-bodied men who wished to evade service but by keeping the wages of the poor souls he brought instead who were killed in battle. Left on his own during Hal's battle with Hotspur, Falstaff dishonourably counterfeits death to avoid attack by Douglas. After Hal leaves Hotspur's body on the field, Falstaff revives in a mock miracle. Seeing he is alone, he stabs Hotspur's corpse in the thigh and claims credit for the kill. Though Hal knows better, he allows Falstaff his disreputable tricks. Soon after being given grace by Hal, Falstaff states that he wants to amend his life and begin "to live cleanly as a nobleman should do"; the play focuses on Prince Hal's journey toward kingship, his ultimate rejection of Falstaff.

However, unlike Part One, Hal's and Falstaff's stories are entirely separate, as the two characters meet only twice and briefly. The tone of much of the play is elegiac, focusing on Falstaff's age and his closeness to death, which parallels that of the sick king. Falstaff is still engaging in petty criminality in the London underworld, he first appears, followed by a new character, a young page whom Prince Hal has assigned him as a joke. Falstaff enquires what the doctor has said about the analysis of his urine, the page cryptically informs him that the urine is healthier than the patient. Falstaff delivers one of his most characteristic lines: "I am not only witty in myself, but the cause that wit is in other men." Falstaff promises to outfit the page in "vile apparel". He complains of his insolvency, blaming it on "consumption of the purse." They go off, Falstaff vowing to find a wife "in the stews". The Lord Chief Justice enters. Falstaff at first feigns deafness in order to avoid conversing with him, when this tactic fails pretends to mistake him for someone else.

As the Chief Justice attempts to question Falstaff about a recent robbery, Falstaff insists on turning the subject of the conversation to the nature of the illness afflicting the King. He adopts the pretense of being a much younger man than the Chief Justice: "You that are old consider not the capacities of us t

Roman Catholic Diocese of Tanjore

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Tanjore/Thanjavur is a diocese located in the city of Tanjore in the Ecclesiastical province of Pondicherry and Cuddalore in India. November 13, 1952: Established as Diocese of Tanjore from the Diocese of São Tomé of MeliaporeWhen we trace the history of the Church in India, it is as old as Christianity itself. St. Thomas, one of the twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ brought the Good News of God's Salvation to India. We have quite a few evidences to believe that St. Thomas preached the Gospel in the East and West coast of South India in Madras and in the city of Kollam in the present State of Kerala. In 1953, the Diocese of Thanjavur was bifurcated from the Diocese of Mylapore, established in 1606. Mylapore was the second biggest diocese in India; the Padruado Missionaries by their able leadership and dedicated service led this diocese towards the omega point i.e. "Christ" by bringing many more souls to the Catholic Church. In 1950 Mylapore came under the direct jurisdiction of the Congregation for the Propagation of Faith.

Genesis of the Diocese: The Diocese of Thanjavur was bifurcated from the Diocese of Mylapore on November 23, 1952 by the Holy See, was erected into a diocese by the Papal Bull Ex Primaevae Ecclesiae Missionaries in the Diocese: The territory that constitutes the present Diocese of Thanjavur has been the field of the heroic labour of the Portuguese Padruado Missionaries from Goa, Augustinians, Foreign Missionary Society of Paris and the Diocesan Clergy. Geography of the Diocese: At Present the Diocese of Thanjavur comprises the entire districts of Thanjavur and Nagai, it is covers six taluks of Pudukottai district and two taluks of Cuddalore district. Shepherds of the Diocese: On 25 March 1953 R. A. Sundaram became the first Bishop of Thanjavur. With his motto "Cor Jesu et Mariae spes mea" and with his special gifts for masterly planning and efficient administration, Sundaram began to build the diocese from scratch. Under his leadership the diocese grew and in every aspect of life. After 33 years of laudable Episcopal ministry, Sundaram retired in 1986.

His successor P. Arokiaswamy took charge on 26 November 1986 and continued to lead the diocese to realize her goal. After 11 years of fruitful Episcopal ministry he retired in July 1997. M. Devadass Ambrose was consecrated as bishop of Thanjavur on 24 September 1997, he is the third bishop of the Diocese of Thanjavur. Known for his hard work and sincerity he continues to lead the Diocese in the right direction. Bishops & Priests from the Diocese: When Sundaram started his ministry there were only 48 priests, many of whom were aged. On seeing the urgent need for priests, the Bishop established a minor seminary in 1953 at Thanjavur. Today this institution is proud of having trained 165 priests in its 46 years of service; the Diocese of Thanjavur is proud of five of her priests having been elevated to the order of Episcopate. They are Arulaiah, former Bishop of Cuddappa, S. T. Amalanather, former Bishop of Tuticorin and S. L. Gabriel, former Bishop of Trichy, Bishop F. Antonysamy, the Bishop of Kumbakonam and M. Devadass Ambrose, Bishop of Thanjavur.

At present, the Diocese has 184 priests among whom nine are retired and the others are working in the vineyard of the Lord with full vigour and zeal. Religious men & women in the Diocese: Along with the Diocesan clergy, men religious, both Priests & Brothers work in different parishes giving witness to their specific charisms, they include the Salesians, Missionaries of St. Francis De Sales and Sacred Heart Brothers. Along with these men, 481 Religious Sisters belonging to 22 different Congregations help in the mission of the diocese. Education: In view of educating the poor children, the Diocese has established 44 orphanages attached to the parishes, which give an integral formation crossing the barriers of caste and language. In all over India the Diocese of Thanjavur runs the highest number of orphanages. There are 103 High Schools and Higher Secondary Schools, middle schools and primary schools and three Industrial Training Centres through which educational services are provided, both academic and technical.

St. Antony's Higher Secondary School is an important school, governing by this diocese administration. Social Service: A remarkable work is done in the field of Social Service. Training programmes, awareness programmes on health & hygiene and Self-development programmes such as credit unions are organized for the social welfare of the population in the diocese. There are two social service centres in the Diocese: Thanjavur Multipurpose Social Service Society – TMSSS having its central office at Thanjavur and Pudukkottai Multipurpose Social Service Society – PMSSS having its central office at Pudukkottai. Pastoral Ministry: There were only 41 Parishes when the Diocese was started; as the number of souls grew, so arose the need for creating new parishes. At present there are 948 substations; the catholic population of the diocese numbers around two hundred thousand. The pastoral activities in the diocese is vibrant with many independent commissions for Bible, catechism, youth animation, social communication, ecumenism & dialogue with non-Christians, etc.

It is worth to note that at present the diocese is experiencing a remarkable spiritual renewal and greater participation of the laity in her life and ministry. Many activities are being organized at various levels for a meaningful celebration of the Great Jubilee 2000. A team of priests, trained mission c

12 oz. Mouse

12 oz. Mouse is an American surreal humour and psychological thriller animated television series created by Matt Maiellaro for Cartoon Network's late-night programming block, Adult Swim; the series revolves around Mouse Fitzgerald, nicknamed "Fitz", an alcoholic mouse who performs odd jobs so he can buy more beer. Together with his chinchilla companion Skillet, Fitz begins to recover suppressed memories that he once had a wife and a child who have now vanished; this leads him to seek answers about his past and the shadowy forces that seem to be manipulating his world. In producing the series, Maiellaro crudely designed the characters as a cost-cutting measure, he intended for the series to lack continuity starting from the pilot, but established a serial format after starting the second episode. He had constructed an ending for the series as well as a detailed map of characters. Maiellaro cast people around his office for the characters, starring himself as the protagonist and Nine Pound Hammer vocalist Scott Luallen as the voice of Roostre.

The pilot episode for 12 oz. Mouse, "Hired", premiered on June 19, 2005; the series became a regular staple of Adult Swim's lineup on October 23 of that year, ended on December 17, 2006. Critical reception was polarized; the June 14, 2018 episode of the Adult Swim streaming series Development Meeting featured a new clip from 12 oz. Mouse, which featured Seth Green as Fitz, hinting at a return to the series, it was announced on September 18 of that year that the series would return for a half-hour special entitled "Invictus", which aired a month on October 14. On the day of the special's airing, another announcement was made that the series will return for a 10-episode third season which will air in 2020; the show revolves around a mouse named Mouse Fitzgerald, nicknamed "Fitz", fond of beer and caught in a world of espionage and the delights of odd jobs. The show employs a serial format, its ongoing storyline developed from absurdist comedy to include mystery and thriller elements. Fitz begins to recover suppressed memories that he once had a wife and a child who have now vanished.

This leads him to seek answers about his past and the shadowy forces that seem to be manipulating his world. Fitz suspects there is a sinister conspiracy which appears to revolve around fields of "asprind " pills beneath the city, Shark and Rectangular Businessman's attempts to control the nature of time and reality. Fitz and Skillet receive help from Liquor, Stoned Peanut Cop and others as they engage in gun battles, blow things up, try to understand cryptic hints; the show sometimes contains surreal "subliminal" images that flash across the screen during key plot moments, including skulls, mustached snake beasts and people screaming. The series concludes with the revelation that Fitz has been kidnapped and placed into a simulation by the Shadowy Figure, he is about to be killed by Shark and the Rectangular Businessman, in their true forms outside the simulation, when he is rescued by the true form of Peanut Cop and a nurse who works in the simulation chamber. They kill Shark and Rectangle Businessman, but it is unknown if they are dead because the simulation in which most of the show takes place is taking place in another simulation.

One of the purposes of the simulation seen in most of the show was to extract information from Fitz. The conclusion to episode 20 is ambiguous as to whether or not it is the end of the series, as some aspects of the plot remain unresolved – Golden Joe says "I thought this was done," to which Fitz replies, "I thought so too. I guess we're not."One webisode was made in 2007, showing Fitz and his friends escaping the city to live in a desert. Golden Joe is carried away by birds, while one night, Peanut Cop mysteriously disappears. Fitz and Skillet meet a woman, who turns out to be a werewolf, their fate at the end of the episode was unknown. In 2018, a half-hour special episode aired. Fitz, now with a mustache and suffering from amnesia, is shown to be living in a new city during an unspecified amount of time after the original finale. Shark and Square Guy have returned somehow, are trying to kidnap Fitz so they can return to the "real" world with the help of exterminator bee, Buzby. Skillet, Peanut Cop, Golden Joe, The New Guy must find and escape the simulation with Fitz before Shark and Square Guy do.

The story is to continue in the third season, set to air in 2020. According to Maiellaro, the series was pitched as a table read to the network, he jokingly stated that they accepted it after claiming that production costs would total "five dollars and will take some of the paper sitting in the copier." Maiellaro borrowed inspiration from the films of David Lynch. He intended for the series to lack continuity starting from the pilot, but established a serial format after starting to work on the second episode, he had constructed an ending for the series as well as a detailed map of characters. In November 2006, Maiellaro mentioned the possibility of continuing the series with webisodes, he wrote five additional scripts for ending the series, but he only produced one webisode, entitled "Enter the Sandmouse". Radical Axis provided animation for the series using Final Cut Pro. Described as "lo-fi animation", Maiellaro crude