Family values, sometimes referred to as familial values, are traditional or cultural values that pertain to the family's structure, roles, beliefs and ideals. In the social sciences and U. S. political discourse, the term "traditional family" refers to a nuclear family − a child-rearing environment composed of a breadwinning parent, a homemaking parent, their biological children. A family deviating from this model is considered a nontraditional family. However, in most cultures at most times, the extended family model has been most common, not the nuclear family, the nuclear family became the most common form in the U. S. in the 1960s and 1970s. Several well-known online dictionaries define "family values" as the following: "the moral and ethical principles traditionally upheld and passed on within a family, as honesty, loyalty and faith." "values of a traditional or conservative kind which are held to promote the sound functioning of the family and to strengthen the fabric of society." "values held to be traditionally taught or reinforced within a family, such as those of high moral standards and discipline."
Familialism or familism is the ideology that puts priority on family values. Familialism prioritizes the needs of the family over the needs of individuals, advocates for a welfare system where families, rather than the government, take responsibility for the care of their members. In the United States, the banner of family values has been used by social conservatives to express opposition to abortion, same-sex marriage, certain specific feminist objectives in politics. American conservative groups have made inroads promoting these policies in Africa since the early 2000s, describing them as African family values. Interpretations of Islamic learnings and Arab culture are common for the majority of Saudis. Islam is a driving cultural force; the academic literature suggests that the family is regarded as the main foundation of Muslim society and culture. Marriage in Saudi culture means the union of two families, not just two individuals. In Muslim society, marriage involves a social contract that occurs with the consent of parents or guardians.
Furthermore, marriage is considered the only legitimate outlet for sexual desires, sex outside marriage is a crime, punished under Islamic law. This view of marriage is similar to the Western Christian view of marriage, created in 12th century France, which promised salvation, sex without sin, much more; the Saudi family includes extended families, as the extended family provides the individual with a sense of identity. The father is the breadwinner and protector of the family, whereas the mother is the homemaker and the primary caretaker of the children. Parents are regarded with high respect, children are encouraged to respect and obey their parents. Families provide care for elders; until because families and friends are expected to provide elderly care, nursing homes were considered culturally unacceptable. In sociological terms, nontraditional families make up the majority of American households; as of 2014, only 46% of children in the U. S. live in a traditional family, down from 61% in 1980.
This number includes only families with parents who are in their first marriage, whereas the percentage of children living with two married parents is 65% as of 2016. However, there are many who hold that the nuclear family is the fabric that holds society together and work to promote stronger family values. Family Research Council Family Research Institute Focus on the Family American Family Association Traditional Values Coalition Glittering generality Bennett, William J.. The Book of Virtues for Young People: A Treasury of Great Moral Stories. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 978-0-689-81613-0 Bork, Robert H.. Slouching towards Gomorrah: Modern Liberalism and American Decline. HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-06-203091-7 Coontz, Stephanie; the Way We Never Were: American Families and the Nostalgia Trap. Basic Books. ISBN 978-0-465-09097-6 Coontz, Stephanie; the Way We Really Are: Coming to Terms with America's Changing Families. Basic Books. ISBN 978-0-7867-2556-4 Coontz, Stephanie. American Families: A Multicultural Reader.
Routledge. ISBN 978-1-135-77691-6 Coontz, Stephanie. Marriage, A History: From Obedience to Intimacy, or How Love Conquered Marriage. Penguin. ISBN 978-1-101-11825-2 Gairdner, William Douglas; the War Against the Family: A Parent Speaks Out on the Political and Social Policies That Threaten Us All. BPS Books. ISBN 978-0-9784402-1-3 Good, Deirdre. Jesus' Family Values. Church Publishing Inc. ISBN 978-1-59627-163-0 Shapiro, Ben. Porn Generation: How Social Liberalism is Corrupting Our Future. Regnery. ISBN 978-1-59698-686-2 Stacey, Judith. In the Name of the Family: Rethinking Family Values in the Postmodern Age. Beacon Press. ISBN 978-0-8070-0433-3 ABC Radio National on Jesus and "family values"
Polystichum proliferum known as mother shield fern is an Australian endemic fern. The genus name Polystichum is derived from Greek poly - many, stichos - rows referring to the many rows of sori; the species name is derived from Latin, Proli – offspring and fer - bearing referring to the proliferous buds, a prominent feature of the species. Polystichum proliferum is a terrestrial fern; the rhizome and frond bases are covered in persistent scales. Fronds can reach up to 100 cm in length and 30 cm wide, are dark green when mature but lighter and paler when young. Sori occur in rows on either side of the midrib and are covered with by a large umbrella-like indusium hence the common name “mother shield fern”. Polystichum proliferum is widespread and abundant from sea-level to 1300m a.s.l. But predominantly occurs in the tablelands and ranges of New South Wales, Australian Capital Territory and Tasmania. At elevation, Polystichum proliferum will occur in amongst boulders and at lower altitudes - in wet forests.
The species favours gullies and creeks as well as the cooler/moister and eastern facing aspects. Polystichum proliferum will however, occur in drier vegetation types such as coastal scrub and dry schelorphyll, due to its hardy characteristics such as the ability to tolerate salt-laden winds and poor soil quality. Polystichum proliferum is associated with Dicksonia antarctica gullies, occurring higher up the gullies than Dicksonia antarctica and further away from the watercourse; the close association and similar appearance between the two species has led novice plant to collectors to misidentify Polystichum proliferum as Dicksonia antarctica. Polystichum proliferum will propagate vegetatively via proliferous buds or sexually through spores. Vegetative reproduction occurs when bulbils develop at end of the larger fronds grows into small plant; as the weight of the bulbil increases, the frond sags until the bulbil can take root in the soil underneath. This characteristic allows Polystichum proliferum to colonise large areas vegetatively becoming the dominant ground cover after a disturbance and is a desirable trait for those who cultivate the species in home gardens
Frank Sacka was an American professional baseball player. He appeared in 14 Major League games as a catcher and pinch hitter for the 1951 and 1953 editions of the Washington Senators — playing in seven games in each season. Sacka batted right-handed, stood 6 feet tall and weighed 195 pounds. Born in Romulus, the same hometown of future MLB catcher and batting coach Charley Lau, Sacka joined the professional baseball ranks in 1946 and played through the 1956 season. After spending his first five pro years in the St. Louis Browns' and Cleveland Indians' farm systems, Sacka was selected by Washington in the Rule 5 draft after a stellar 1950 campaign with the Anderson Rebels of the Class B Tri-State League, in which Sacka batted.324 with 23 home runs and 124 runs batted in. In his MLB debut on April 29, 1951, Sacka went hitless in three at bats as the starting catcher in a game against Ed Lopat and the New York Yankees at Yankee Stadium. Eight days he enjoyed his best day in the Majors, collecting three singles in five at-bats with two runs batted in against his former organization, the Indians, helping Washington win, 11–10.
He stuck with the Senators through the end of May was optioned to the Double-A Chattanooga Lookouts, where he would spend most of the next five seasons. However, he was appeared in seven more MLB games, he collected two hits against the Browns and the Yankees. Altogether, Sacka collected all singles, in 34 MLB at bats during his 14-game career. Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Baseball-Reference, or Retrosheet
Gerald Jay Goldberg is an American author. He is a professor emeritus at the University of California, Los Angeles, a novelist and author of a nonfiction study of the network news and a biography of Ted Turner. Goldberg’s best-known work is The Lynching of Orin Newfield, a powerful novel about a “communal murder... in a small farming town in Vermont.” His novels and short stories—ranging in setting and technique—are intense and elegantly crafted. Reviewers have compared his crisp prose and caustic humor to Nathanael West, Donald Barthelme, Joseph Heller and Thomas McGuane. Saul Bellow’s description of McGuane as "a language star" is, in fact, an apt description for Goldberg as well, his command of metaphor and detail is remarkable, each sentence relentlessly original. "His prose sparkles," The New York Times wrote, "with well-observed idiosyncrasies." The Chicago Sun-Times ranked Goldberg’s 126 Days of Continuous Sunshine with Thomas Pynchon’s The Crying of Lot 49 for its evocation of “California insanity.”
The Los Angeles Herald Examiner praised Heart Payments for its “wonderful textured evocation of the L. A. art scene of the late 1960s.” Writing in Art News magazine's 100th Anniversary Issue, art critic Peter Plagens called Heart Payments "the best novel about an artist I've read." Of The Lynching of Orin Newfield, The New Yorker concluded: “The tension and clarity of Mr. Goldberg’s writing leave us no choice but to follow his raging anti-hero’s story from the comparatively mild beginning to the thundering finish.” There was considerable Hollywood interest in Orin Newfield, following its publication in 1970. Though never produced, the novel was optioned by Buck Henry, Victor Drai Productions and James B. Harris. Goldberg himself wrote a screenplay for Universal. Jerry Harvey, programming chief of Los Angeles’s legendary Z channel, nearly succeeded in bringing Orin Newfield to the screen. Before Harvey’s death in 1988, he had arranged for Sam Peckinpah to direct the film. Goldberg’s two nonfiction “media” books were acclaimed and translated into several languages.
Anchors was reprinted in Reader's Digest. Citizen Turner is, by critical consensus, the best of the many biographies of Turner. After attending the Bronx High School of Science, Goldberg earned his undergraduate degree at Purdue University, where he was a member of the wrestling team and the Purdue Players, he received his master's degree at NYU, his PhD at University of Minnesota in 1958. His doctoral dissertation was "The Artist as Hero in Modern British Fiction, 1890-1930."Goldberg taught at Dartmouth College and at the University of California, Los Angeles, where he is professor of English emeritus. He has been a visiting professor at the University of Zaragoza, Williams College and Queens College, City University of New York, he edited Faulkner Studies and co-founded Critique: Studies in Modern Fiction. Goldberg is married to Nancy Marmer, his brother, Michael Goldberg, was a well-known abstract expressionist painter. His son, Robert Goldberg is a prizewinning writer and filmmaker. Editor The Modern Critical Spectrum, Englewood Cliffs, N.
J.: Prentice-Hall, 1962. The Fate of Innocence, Englewood Cliffs, N. J.: Prentice-Hall, 1965. Notes from the Diaspora, Hanover, N. H.: Atelier 21, 1962. The National Standard, New York: Holt and Winston, 1968; the Lynching of Orin Newfield, New York: The Dial Press, 1970. 126 Days of Continuous Sunshine, New York: The Dial Press, 1972. Heart Payments, New York: The Viking Press, 1982; the Paris Directive, New York: Nan A. Talese/Knopf, Doubleday, 2012. Anchors: Brokaw, Jennings and the Evening News, New York: Birch Lane Press, 1990. Citizen Turner: The Wild Rise of an American Tycoon, New York: Harcourt Brace & Company, 1995. Http://geraldjaygoldberg.com/ Jerry Harvey Michael Goldberg Thomas McGuane http://www.pen.org/ http://www.oac.cdlib.org/findaid/ark:/13030/kt096nc53h/ http://english.cla.umn.edu/alumni/StoriesGeraldJayGoldberg.html
The 1980 Individual Long Track World Championship was the tenth edition of the FIM speedway Individual Long Track World Championship. The event was held on 14 September 1980 at Scheeßel in West Germany; the World title was won by Karl Maier of West Germany. The Championship consisted of four qualifying rounds at Harsewinkel, Hamburg-Farmsen, Pfarrkirchen won by Bruce Penhall, Ivan Mauger, Egon Müller and Georg Hack and two semi finals in Jübek and Gornja Radgona won by Ole Olsen and Josef Aigner. + Alois Wiesböck finished third but was disqualified because his engine was found to be over the prescribed limit. Bronze medals were awarded to both Betzl and Aigner
Live at Hammersmith'79 is a live album by Ted Nugent, consisting of a performance broadcast on the King Biscuit Flower Hour, recorded during the second set of a sold-out night at London's Hammersmith Odeon in 1979 and not released until 1997. "Stormtroopin'" – 5:57 "Just What the Doctor Ordered" – 4:57 "Free-for-All" – 8:17 "Dog Eat Dog" – 5:52 "Cat Scratch Fever" – 4:08 "Need You Bad" – 5:17 "Paralyzed" – 5:03 "It Don't Matter" – 3:19 "Wang Dang Sweet Poontang" – 8:05 "Stranglehold/Smokescreen" – 10:29 "Motor City Madhouse" – 10:10 "Gonzo" – 3:57 Band membersTed Nugent – guitar, vocals Charlie Huhn – guitar, vocals Steve McRay – keyboards Dave Kiswiney – bass Cliff Davies – drums, background vocals Tom Werman – percussionProductionBob Irwin – producer Lew Futterman – original recording producer Tim Geelan – mixing Vic Anesini – mastering