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Apple Cider Spider

Apple Cider Spider is a platform game written for the Apple II by Ivan Strand and published by Sierra On-Line in 1983. A Commodore 64 port followed. In the game, the player takes the role of a spider in an apple cider factory; the goal is to progress through three screens to reach the top of the factory, to join the company of other spiders. The structure of the three screens follows the production cycle of apple cider in a reverse order, starting from the bottling and sealing of cider and ending at the delivery of fresh whole apples; the first screen concerns extracting the apple juice to be made into cider, the second screen concerns splitting the apples in two and crushing the halves, the third screen concerns the actual import of the apples. Each screen is situated on top of the previous one, so the spider progresses upward while the apples are carried downward; the challenge in the game comes completely in the form of natural obstacles in the cider factory. Contact with cider, apples, or cider-making instruments kills the spider instantly.

All three screens feature a complex system of conveyor belts that the spider must travel along, in the opposite direction to the cider and the apples. Various cider-making instruments operate periodically to make the apples into cider; the entire factory is oblivious to the presence of the spider. When the three screens have been completed, the game starts again, but with added dangers; these include various animals that hop along the platform as well as blocker bars on the ladders that the spider uses to move upwards. Sammy Lightfoot, another Apple II platform game released by Sierra On-Line in 1983

Chanakya (2019 film)

Chanakya is a 2019 Indian Telugu-language action thriller film directed by Thiru and produced by Rama Brahmam Sunkara under AK Entertainments banner. The film features Gopichand, Mehreen Pirzada and Zareen Khan in the lead roles, is marking Thiru's Telugu debut as director and Khan's acting debut in Telugu films, it stars Jayaprakash, Upen Patel, Rajesh Khattar, Sunil and Adarsh Balakrishna in the supporting roles; the music of the film is composed by Vishal Chandrasekhar. The film follows an undercover agent named Arjun, who races against time to rescue his teammates after they are kidnapped by a Pakistani terrorist named Sohail. Disavowed by his own agency after his cover gets blown, he sets out on the rescue operation in Karachi and enlists the help of another RAW agent Zubeida to accomplish the mission. Chanakya was released theatrically on 5 October 2019. In order to catch Abdul Salim, the right hand of India's most wanted terrorist Ibrahim Qureshi, the RAW chief Kulkarni recruits agent Arjun and his team.

Once Salim arrives at the spot and his teammates eliminate all the guards and manage to take Salim in their custody. In the meanwhile, Arjun resumes his life as a banker named Ramakrishna and learns from Kulkarni that Salim would be shifted to prison as per the orders. Arjun warns him not to do so. Salim is dispatched in a police van accompanied by other vehicles. However, masked shooters from a chopper attack free Salim. Once he boards the chopper, the attackers are revealed to be his teammates. Feeling Salim is not needed since his existence would be a threat to the nation's security, Arjun shoots him; when Arjun is on a date with his girlfriend Aishwarya, he is attacked by some goons and a fight ensues, resulting in Arjun learning about the capture of his teammates. The kidnapper is none other than the son of Ibrahim Qureshi's, he challenges Arjun to come to Karachi and rescue his teammates, due to which Arjun seeks the help from his agency but is disavowed due to his cover getting blown. He uses his own resources to get himself into Pakistan.

Together, they plant CCTV cameras on Sohail's route to learn of his destination. Realizing that there is no signal whenever his vehicles pass, Arjun believes the traffic police commissioner to be getting information about Sohail's destination. Zubeida gets the commissioner engaged at a bar and helps Arjun digitally acquire the officer's fingerprints and voice activation to unlock his laptop; the officer rushes back but in vain. Arjun and Zubeida learn that Sohail is going to attend a function at a plan to kidnap him; when all their plans fail, Arjun manages to kidnap Sohail. However, at their secret location and Zubeida realize that they have kidnapped Sohail's body double instead of Sohail himself. An enraged Arjun shoots him, seeing Qureshi's henchmen coming for him, runs away attacking them. In the ensuing chase, Arjun gets shot, while Ibrahim declares a manhunt for Arjun who manages to hide and is rescued by Zubeida. Sohail manages to retrieve the CCTV cameras set up by Zubeida and kills Arjun's friend on the camera.

However, Arjun tells Zubeida to rewind the footage and learns that his friend had sent him a message through Morse code. They learn that Sohail is planning to flee Arjun's teammates and get the G8 Summit attacked so that they can frame India by showing the footage of Arjun and his teammates in Karachi; this would be seen as India's attempt to disgrace India would in turn be disgraced. In order to stop this and continue Mission Chanakya, Arjun reunites Kulkarni, revealed to have told him to meet Zubeida. Using the information from other RAW agents in Karachi, Arjun manages to trace Sohail's location and beats him up, he makes a deal with Ibrahim to arrive at the border with Arjun's teammates in exchange for Sohail's life. Once the deal is done, Ibrahim realizes that Arjun gave him Sohail's body double, not killed by the shooting and saved on time. With Sohail now in Indian custody, Ibrahim challenges to free him but is instead himself handed over to India. Arjun is congratulated by the RAW. Gopichand launched his 26th project titled Chanakya in February 2019 with Tamil director Thiru, marking his Telugu debut as director and Mehreen Pirzada as leading lady.

The filming began in the same month with shooting at Jaipur. Zareen Khan was cast to play a vital role in the film; the soundtrack composed by Sricharan Pakala and lyrics by Ramajogayya Sastry. The first look of Gopichand in the film poster was revealed on 12 June 2019; the official teaser was launched on 9 September 2019, by AK Entertainments. The official theatrical trailer was unveiled on 26 September 2019. Chanakya was theatrically released worldwide on 5 October 2019; the Hans India gave the 2.5 stars out of 5 stating, "'Chanakya' is a well-treated story, presented in an interesting way". Neeshita Nyayapati writing for The Times of India gave the 2 stars out of 5 stating that "Chanakya is a meandering drama that seems confused about whether it wants to be a spy-thriller that takes itself way too or a commercial drama that has a little bit of everything". Hemanth Kumar writing for Firstpost gave the 2 stars out of 5 stating, "When a spy drama is treated as a masala movie where characters challenge each other, you know it has landed in a quagmire.

And we are sucked into it too". Chanakya on IMDb

2017–18 Copa del Rey

The 2017–18 Copa del Rey was the 116th staging of the Copa del Rey. The winners were assured a place for the 2018–19 UEFA Europa League group stage. Barcelona were the three-time defending champions, defended their title following a 5–0 win over Sevilla in the final. Times up to 28 October 2017 and from 25 March 2018 are CEST. Times from 29 October 2017 to 24 March 2018 are CET. Games ending in a tie will be decided in extra time; the following teams are qualified for the competition. Reserve teams are excluded; the draw for the first and the second round was held on 28 July 2017 at 13:00 CEST in La Ciudad del Fútbol, RFEF headquarters, in Las Rozas, Madrid. In this round, 32 teams from 2016–17 Segunda División B and 10 from 2016–17 Tercera División teams gained entry. In the draw, firstly six teams from Segunda División B received a bye and the remaining teams this league and teams from Tercera División faced according to proximity criteria by next groups: Atlético Baleares, Racing Ferrol, Hércules, Fuenlabrada, Mérida received a bye to the second round.

Formentera received a bye for the third round. Lleida Esportiu received a bye for the round of 32; the draw for the Round of 32 was held on 28 September 2017, in La Ciudad del Fútbol, Las Rozas de Madrid. In this round, all La Liga teams entered the competition. Round of 32 pairings were as follows: the seven remaining teams participating in the 2016–17 Segunda División B and Tercera División faced the 2017–18 La Liga teams which qualified for European competitions; the five remaining teams participating in Segunda División faced five La Liga teams which did not qualify for European competitions. The remaining eight La Liga teams faced each other. In matches involving teams from different league tiers, the team in the lower tier played the first leg at home; this rule will be applied in the Round of 16, but not for the Quarter-finals and Semi-finals, in which the order of legs will be based on the luck of the draw. Royal Spanish Football Federation official website Copa del Rey at LFP website Copa del Rey at BDFútbol

The Common Wind

The Common Wind: Afro-American Currents in the Age of the Haitian Revolution is a 2018 book by Julius S. Scott, based on his influential but unpublished 1986 Duke University doctoral dissertation; the book traces the circulation of news in African diasporic communities in the Caribbean around the time of the Haitian Revolution, links the "common wind" of shared information to political developments leading to the abolition of slavery in the British and French Caribbean. The book's title comes from an 1802 William Wordsworth sonnet to Toussaint Louverture. In Scott's book, "the common wind" refers to the shared information communicated among African diasporic communities by African-Americans who worked in ships and ports around the time of the Haitian Revolution. Scott reconstructed the flow of this information through archival research and documentary analysis of newspapers, shipping records, both official and unofficial correspondence; the book describes the system by which black sailors and freemen in the Caribbean carried "ideas and rumors of equality and liberation from port to port".

Despite increased efforts by colonial powers to minimize the flow of information about slavery in the New World, African diasporic communities in the Caribbean learned about slave uprisings and efforts to re-enslave emancipated freemen of African descent. Fugitive slaves and freemen became links in a communication network that connected multiple islands within the region; as a consequence of the "common wind" of information, these communities developed an autonomous political identity, more radical than those in African diasporic communities in Europe or the American colonies. This communication across national and geographic boundaries "contributed to the destabilization and eventual collapse of the slave system". Scott wrote The Common Wind as his Duke University PhD dissertation. After spending time in North Carolina preparing for field research, in February 1982 he started examining archives of the British Vice admiralty court in Kingston, Jamaica proceeded to Port-au-Prince, Haiti in April 1982 to study Haitian archives.

He submitted his completed dissertation in 1986. As an unpublished dissertation The Common Wind was cited hundreds of times in scholarly literature. In Time, historian Vincent Brown called the dissertation "so exciting and profound" that it inspired "an entire generation to create a new field of knowledge about the past"; the dissertation was the subject of a 2008 conference at the University of Michigan titled "The Common Wind: Conversations in African American and Atlantic Histories" that reviewed its impact on the fields of African-American history and Atlantic studies. Eugene Holley, writing in Publishers Weekly, described the dissertation as "renowned for its creativity, imaginative research and graceful prose". Scott signed a contract with Oxford University Press to publish the dissertation in book form shortly after completing his degree, but did not agree with suggestions for revision and opted not to publish the book. Aside from a selection from one chapter of the dissertation reprinted in the 2010 volume Origins of the Black Atlantic, which Scott co-edited, the dissertation remained unpublished until a Verso Books editor, referred by another historian, offered to publish the text with minimal revisions.

Reviews of the 2018 book were favorable, reflected the dissertation's influence on the field of Atlantic history. In The Nation, historian Manisha Sinha described the broad influence of Scott's work on American historiography, observing that the "history of the black Atlantic as it is known would not have been possible without Scott’s immense contributions". Writing for CounterPunch, historian Peter Linebaugh praised the book's prose as "clear and calming"; the Los Angeles Review of Books praised the quality of Scott's writing, but attributed the book's scholarly influence to Scott's unique ability to find evidence of hidden and ephemeral communications within sources that deliberately concealed those communications. In Public Books, Mary Caton Lingold favorably noted that Scott organized the book around historical stories and events rather than academic debates. Criticism of the book focused on its lack of updates. Writing for The New York Review of Books, David Bell suggested that Scott could have done additional research in French archives to expand the book's treatment of Saint-Domingue how its residents received news from other areas.

In The Journal of American History, Ashli White noted that the book did not address more recent scholarship in the field or incorporate new research or sources, but concluded that the book "offers fresh insights with each rereading". In 2019, the Gilder Lehrman Center for the Study of Slavery and Abolition gave The Common Wind a Special Achievement Award at its annual Frederick Douglass Book Prize ceremony


Mallur is a village and Grama Panchayat in Sidlaghatta taluk, India. It is 20 km from the Chikkaballapur district and 20 km from Bengalooru International Airport Devanahalli, it is about 45 km from the Majestic bus stand of Bengalooru city. Mallur is home to nearly 15000 people living in 3,000 homes; the sex ratio is 980:1000 and the literacy rate is 65%. 1 km away is the village Meluru, said to be Malluru's twin sister. The residents of both settlements proposed to form a town panchayath in order to provide more amenities and improve the development of the region; the Pre-university College, aided by the government and managed by the village development cooperative of Malluru, is well known for its quality education. It is run by the Swami Vivekananda Educational Trust; this educational institution was set up by the village development cooperative to provide affordable quality education to the children of Malluru and the nearby villages and is governed by a committee elected by village development cooperative society members.

Mr. Papanna, a freedom fighter who died 15 years ago, dedicated his life to the development of villages through cooperative movement, which people embraced, he has set up nearly 10 cooperative institutions for milk producers, wool producers, silk producers, village development, healthcare etc. most of which are inactive today. The cooperative movement was successful for decades, till the development of the village was administered by the village development cooperative society; the village had its own health center, governed and run by the cooperative with St. Johns hospital of Bengaluru as medical partner; the collaboration stopped for reasons due to village politics. During the freedom movement more than 50 villagers participated in the struggle; every household had a member participating in the struggle for independence. One noted participant was Mr. Muniyappa called Ayya by the villagers, now more than 90 years old and still in good health, he participates in educating school children informing them about the fight for freedom and the importance of the freedom movement.

This village is known for its resident's interest in politics which decreased the participation of the cooperative movement, because of this the active participation of the community in politics is believed to be an obstacle to a sustainable development of the villages. The major occupations of the residents of Malluru are dairy farming; the dairy cooperative is the largest individual milk supplying cooperative in the state. Its administration is one of the best examples for the success of cooperative movements in the village; the region is notorious for the huge depletion of ground water. There are a few thousand bore wells. One problem that still needs solution is the missing access to drinkable water. There have been some attempts by the farmers but so far they have been in vain; the rainfall in this area is as scanty, as in the Ananthpur district, the second most dry district in India. The average rainfall here is around 20 cm -30 cm annual; the major reason for the water depletion is the absence of micro irrigation systems and the intensive farming during the 1980s and 1990s.

Because of the lack of irrigation facilities, the young population commutes to Bangalore to work. Malluru is located at 13.20° N 77.49°. It has an average elevation of 950 m