Fandène

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Fandène (Serer : Fanđan,[1] or Fandane or Mbel Fandane) is a small village in Senegal about 7 km from Thiès. It is inhabited by the Serer people.

History[edit]

Fandène or Fandane was one of the villages of the precolonial Serer Kingdom of Sine. On 18 July 1867 at the Battle of Fandane-Thiouthioune (commonly known as the Battle of Somb), a war took place there at the stream of Fandane between the Serer people (followers of Serer religion) led by their King Maad a Sinig Kumba Ndoffene Famak Joof and his army and the Muslim Marabouts of Senegambia led by Maba Diakhou Bâ and his army; the Serer forces defeated the Muslim Marabouts when they tried to launch a jihad and conquer Sine. Maba Diakhou Bâ was killed in that battle.[2]

Population[edit]

About 5000 inhabitants

Geography[edit]

The closest localities are Thies, Lalane, Somb, Mont-rolland, Peykouk, Keur Dembaand Keur Diour, Thiouthioune.

Activities[edit]

A traditional market is held there every Wednesday. In January 2011, The Festival of Farmer's Seeds was also held there.[3]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Gravrand, Henry, La civilisation sereer, vol. II : Pangool, Nouvelles éditions africaines, Dakar, 1990, p 474, ISBN 2-7236-1055-1
  2. ^ Sarr, Alioune, Histoire du Sine-Saloum, Introduction, bibliographie et Notes par Charles Becker, BIFAN, Tome 46, Serie B, n° 3-4, 1986–1987. pp 37-39
  3. ^ Enda Pronat (in French)

Bibliography[edit]

  • (in French) M. B. Gueye, Conflits et alliances entre agriculteurs et éleveurs : le cas du Goll de Fandène, IIED Dryland Network Programme Issue Paper n° 49, 1994
  • (in French) Abbé Ruffray, « Fandène en liesse, fête le jubilé de ses premiers chrétiens », Horizons africains, n° 136, février 1962, p. 10-12
  • Sarr, Alioune, Histoire du Sine-Saloum, Introduction, bibliographie et Notes par Charles Becker, BIFAN, Tome

46, Serie B, n° 3-4, 1986–1987. pp 37–39

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 14°27′N 16°55′W / 14.450°N 16.917°W / 14.450; -16.917