Fang is a Central African language spoken by around 1 million people in Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, São Tomé and Príncipe, the Congo Republic. It is the dominant Bantu language of Equatorial Guinea, it is related to the Ewondo languages of southern Cameroon. Fang is spoken in northern Gabon, southern Cameroon, throughout Equatorial Guinea, in the Republic of the Congo, small fractions of the islands of São Tomé and Príncipe. Under President Macías Nguema, Fang was the official language of Equatorial Guinea. There are many different variants of Fang in Cameroon. Maho lists Southwest Fang as a distinct language; the other dialects are Ntoumou, Mekê, Nzaman and Mvaïe. Despite lacking any certain corpus of Fang's literary body, it is of note that linguists have, in the past, made attempts to compile dictionaries and lexicons for the Fang language; the two most notable ones to be proposed or compiled were made by Maillard and Bibang. Neither created a direct Fang-English dictionary, but opted instead to separate the two languages via a third European language as a bridge for various loanwords.
The translation efforts to English have been done through Romance languages: Spanish and French. The latter of the two languages would have had the most impact on the language, given the occupation of Gabon by the French during the existence of French Equatorial Africa, which lasted 75 years from 1885 to 1960. To a lesser extent, in São Tomé and Príncipe, Portuguese likely has influenced the dialects of Fang present there, due to the country being occupied by Portugal for most of the islands' history of habitation. Fang has 7 vowels, each of which can have long realizations. Nasal vowels are allophones of the respective oral vowels. Words can not start with, nor. Diphthongs can be a combination of any vowel with or, as well as. Fang distinguishes between 4 different tones, conventionally called: high, low and falling; the former two are simple tones. One vowel in a sequences of vowels can be elided in casual speech, though its tone remains and attaches to the remaining vowel. In Fang, there are 24 plain consonants.
The majority of them can become prenasalized: /h/ is only used in interjections and loanwords. Words can not start except when followed by a velar consonant. /ɾ/ and /z/ are restricted from word-initial position. /g/ and /p/ can only come in word-initial position in words of foreign origin, although in many of these cases, /g/ becomes realized as. The morpheme "gh" is pronounced as ɾ in the case of the word "Beyoghe", it is important to note that in Fang, at every "hiatus", such as in "Ma adzi", it is required for one to make the second word an aphetism, dropping the pronunciation of the aː sound at the start of the second word in order to make grammatically correct sentences. Although the Fang language does not have an official orthography, native speakers happen to use the extended Latin alphabet with specific accents. Due to the enormous geographic region it covers, the large amount of Fang dialects, the following list may not be accurate. Regardless, common phrases for the Oyem area of northern Gabon include: Beti-Pahuin Bantulanyi http://scholar.sun.ac.za/handle/10019.1/1229 https://web.archive.org/web/20080630064631/http://monefang.com/parlons1.html Monefang, archived from the original.
Note: This site is in French. Https://www.acsu.buffalo.edu/~jcgood/Mve-2013-Fang.pdf
Bavagaru Bagunnara is a Telugu romantic comedy-drama film which released on 9 April 1998 and was produced by Nagendra Babu. The film stars Chiranjeevi and Paresh Rawal and was inspired by the Hollywood movie A Walk in the Clouds; the film was recorded as a Super Hit at the box office. In 2000, the film was remade into a Bollywood film as Kunwara, starring Govinda and Urmila Matondkar and in Bangladesh as Jamai Shashur, starring Riaz and Purnima; the film was dubbed into Tamil into Hindi as No. 1 Mard. Raju runs between New Zealand, where he owns a restaurant, India, where he runs a home for orphans started in his sister's name. Swapna is a student in New Zealand, staying with her uncle. Once she goes looking for Raju to take him to task for thrashing her friend. On learning that Raju was not at fault, she promptly falls in love with him. After that, the scene shifts to India when Raju goes there to look after the "home". There, he keeps a pregnant woman, from committing suicide. On learning about her jilted love affair, he decides to help her out.
He convinces her that he will act as her husband until the baby is born, whereupon he would leave her, so that she could live with her child peacefully as a deserted wife. With that plan, they go to her village, her father, Rao Bahaddur Rajendra Prasad, after refusing, unwillingly gives his nod to the plan under pressure from family members. The story takes a twist when Swapna comes to India and finds, to her utter shock, Raju as her brother-in-law. Raju's pleadings of innocence fail to convince her. Meanwhile, Raju gets involved in a dispute about the ownership of a lake between their village and a neighboring one, he wins the race. Sandhya's father, happy at the turn of events leading to heightening of the prestige of their village, decides to accept Raju as his son-in-law and decides to get them married. Now Swapna, who comes to know the truth, is in turmoil. Meanwhile, Sandhya makes another attempt at suicide. In the process, he comes to know that she met her lover, held captive by the neighboring village head and is being forced to marry his daughter.
Raju gets them married, giving a happy ending to the movie. Chiranjeevi as Raju Rambha as Swapna Paresh Rawal as Rao Bahaddur Rajendra Prasad Rachana Banerjee as Sandhya Kota Srinivasa Rao Kaikala Satyanarayana Janaki Brahmanandam Jaya Prakash Reddy Srihari Achyuth as Venkat, Sandhya's lover Deepa Raju The music for this film was composed by Mani Sharma; the audio was a huge hit and all the songs were chartbusters. The track "Aunty Koothura", sung by S. P. Balasubrahmanyam and K. S. Chitra was a massive hit among the masses and was an instant chartbuster for its powerful dance choreography and beautiful rendition by the singers. Bavagaru Bagunnara? on IMDb Bavagaru Bagunnara Film at Basthi.com
The Rede InterTV is a network of television stations affiliated with the Brazilian network, Rede Globo. It operates in three states of Brazil, Rio de Janeiro, Minas Gerais and Rio Grande do Norte, reaching 505 municipalities and 11 million viewers. In 2003, TV stations TV Alto Litoral in Cabo Frio, TV Serra+Mar in Nova Friburgo ans TV Grande Minas in Montes Claros joined together to form the Rede InterTV. Before that, the stations were "independent", i.e. not formed a regional network. In 2004, InterTV bought TV Planície of Campos dos Goytacazes, which had an affiliation to SBT. In 2005, TV Cabugi in Natal joined the Rede InterTV. In 2008, TV Dos Vales of Coronel Fabriciano, Minas Gerais joined the network. In 2009, InterTV launched its website. In 2012 local versions G1 and Globoesporte.com for InterTV TV stations were launched. Rio de Janeiro InterTV Serra+Mar is based in Nova Friburgo, broadcasting to 19 cities in the mountainous region of the state, some important cities covered by InterTV Serra+Mar are Petrópolis and Teresópolis.
InterTV Alto Litoral based in Cabo Frio, transmits to the municipalities of Região dos Lagos and the Norte Fluminense. InterTV Planície is based on Campos dos Goytacazes, covering 16 municipalities in the North-West of the state as São Francisco de Itabapoana, São Fidélis, São João da Barra and Itaperuna. Minas Gerais InterTV Grande Minas based in Montes Claros, covers the North of Minas Gerais. InterTV Dos Vales is based in Coronel Fabriciano, covers the East and North of Minas Gerais. Rio Grande do Norte InterTV Cabugi is based in Natal, covers the east, parts of the South and Central Rio Grande do Norte. InterTV Costa Branca is based in Mossoró, covers the West and Central Rio Grande do Norte
A state microbe is a microorganism used as an official state symbol. Several U. S. states have honored microorganisms by nominating them to become official state symbols. The first state to declare an Official State Microbe is Oregon which chose Saccharomyces cerevisiae as the Official Microbe of the State of Oregon in 2013 for its significance to the craft beer industry in Oregon. One of the first proponents of State Microbes was microbiologist Moselio Schaechter, who, in 2010, commented on Official Microbes for the American Society for Microbiology's blog "Small Things Considered" as well as on National Public Radio's "All Things Considered". In November 2009, Assembly Bill 556 that proposed designating Lactococcus lactis as Wisconsin state microbe was introduced by Representatives Hebl, Williams, Pasch and Fields. Although the bill passed the Assembly 56 to 41, It was not acted on by the Senate; the proposed AB 556 stated that Lactococcus lactis is the State Microbe and should be included in the Wisconsin Blue Book, an almanac containing information on the state of Wisconsin, published by Wisconsin's Legislative Reference Bureau.
Lactococcus lactis was proposed as the State Microbe because of its crucial contribution to the cheese industry in Wisconsin. Wisconsin is the largest cheese producer in the United States, producing 3.1 billion pounds of cheese, 26% of all cheese in the US, in more than 600 varieties. Lactococcus lactis is vital for manufacturing cheeses such as Cheddar, cottage cheese, cream cheese, Camembert and Brie, as well as other dairy products like cultured butter, sour cream, kefir, it may be used for vegetable fermentations such as cucumber pickles and sauerkraut. In January 2013, House Bill 293 was introduced by State Representative James Tokioka; the bacterium was discovered on a decaying ʻākia shrub by Iris Kuo, a high school student working with Stuart Donachie at the University of Hawaiʻi at Manoa. The Hawaiʻian context is strong here because the ʻākia shrub is native to Hawaiʻi, the microbe was first found in Hawaiʻi; the shrub was used by ancient Hawaiʻians for medicine and for catching fish, while the microbe may have antibiotic properties.
Although it was favored by the House, the Flavobacterium akiainvivens bill failed to get a hearing in the Senate Technology and Arts Committee and could not move forward for a Senate vote. In February 2014, Senate Bill 3124 was introduced by Senator Glenn Wakai. Senator Wakai was Chairman of the Senate Technology and Arts Committee that squashed the Flavobacterium legislation. Aliivibrio fischeri was selected because it lives in a symbiotic relationship with the native Hawaiʻian bobtail squid, in which it confers bioluminescence on the squid, enabling it to hunt at night. Although this is an awesome example of symbiosis and scientific controversy erupted because though the bobtail squid is only found in Hawaiʻi, Aliivibrio fischeri can be found elsewhere; the combined Hawaiʻian Legislature could not agree on which microbe better suited Hawaiʻi, the proposed legislation was dropped. Legislation proposing Flavobacterium akiainvivens as the state microbe was re-introduced in 2017. Oregon was the first state to declare an Official State Microbe.
In February 2013, House Concurrent Resolution 12 was introduced into the Oregon legislative system by Representative Mark Johnson. The bill was passed by unanimous vote in the House on April 11. Cosponsors of the measure were: Representatives Dembrow, McLane, Vega Pederson, Whisnant and Senators Hansell and Thomsen. HCR-12 recognizes the history of Saccharomyces cerevisiae in baking and brewing, thanks to its ability to convert fermentable sugars into ethanol and carbon dioxide. Most important for Oregon is that the microbe is essential to the production of alcoholic beverages such as mead, wine and distilled spirits. Moreover, Saccharomyces cerevisiae inspired the thriving brew culture in Oregon, making Oregon an internationally recognized hub of craft brewing; the craft brewing business brings Oregon $2.4 billion annually, thanks to brewers yeast and talented brewers. Streptomyces griseus was chosen for the honor of becoming the New Jersey State Microbe because the organism is a New Jersey native that made unique contributions to healthcare and scientific research worldwide.
A strain of S. griseus that produced the antibiotic streptomycin was discovered in New Jersey in “heavily manured field soil” from the New Jersey Agricultural Experimental Station by Albert Schatz in 1943. Streptomycin is noteworthy because it is: the first significant antibiotic discovered after penicillin. Moreover, New Jersey was the home of Selman Waksman, awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his systematic studies of antibiotic production by S. griseus and other soil microbes. On May 15, 2017, Senate Bill 3190 was introduced by Senator Samuel D. Thompson. On June 1, 2017 Assemblywoman Annette Quijano introduced Assembly Bill 4900.
Dale Velzy was an American surfboard shaper, credited with being the world's first commercial shaper. He opened the first professional surf shop in Manhattan Beach, California in 1950 hand fashioning the surfboards from wood or synthetic material. By 1960, Velzy owned five retail shops and three production facilities in Hawaii, he was known as "Hawk" for his keen eyesight. Velzy was born on September 1927 in Oakland, California, he had Dutch ancestry and his family was involved in wood-working, cabinetmaking or logging. His father was part-time life guard. Velzy began surfing as a boy and he and his father shaped boards with his grandfathers' woodworking tools, he quit school in the seventh grade. His parents tried sending him to military school; when he was 16 he enlisted in the Merchant Marine Corp. His tour through the Hawaiian Islands exposed him to the surf culture of the region, he took what he learned with him and applied it to his own techniques. After serving in World War II, Velzy returned to southern California and began his career as a surfboard shaper in Manhattan Beach in the mid-1940s.
It was during this period. At that time most surfboards were heavy, hard to transport and not as functional as modern surfboards. Most riders used hand-me-down boards, but Velzy and his associates had the benefit of being able to shape a board from scratch or re-shape an existing board, allowing them to improve their design through trial and error. During the late 1940s shapers began using balsa wood and fiberglass for making the surfboards lighter. Velzy soon became known locally for repairing boards, his operation was based under the Manhattan Beach Pier, but by 1949 he had outgrown it. He borrowed money to rent a former shoe repair store nearby, setting up what is regarded as the first commercial surf shop, he marked his boards with a small sticker reading "Designed by Velzy". The success of the shop allowed Velzy to hone his experiment with new designs. Velzy's early commercial designs were cut down from full pieces of balsa, rather than blanks, sealed with fiberglass and resin by glasser Bev Morgan.
In 1953, Velzy partnered with Hap Jacobs to open a new and larger shop in California. Together they created the narrow-nosed "pig" design, which revolutionized the sport by allowing for more dramatic turns and cut-backs. Around this time, polyurethane replaced balsa as the industry standard, making boards much lighter, below 50 pounds; as the industry boomed, Jacobs went out on his own in 1959, Velzy expanded his business to several retail shops and production facilities throughout southern California. By 1960, Velzy had bought out his business partner. During this period he conceptualized promotional techniques that are standard in the modern surfing industry; these techniques include corporate sponsorship of competitive surfers and documentary films on the budding sport. He had Velzyland, a surf spot/break in Hawaii, named after him in the 50s and is still called that today. After his battle with lung cancer, Velzy died on May 26, 2005; the Dale Velzy Memorial was held at Doheny State Beach on June 14, 2005 with more than 3000 surfers going into the water in his honor.
Velzy had five marriages. He was survived by his two children
Alfred William Rowe was an English clergyman and educationalist by career, a cricketer who played first-class cricket in two matches in the 1859 season. He was died at Mapperley, Nottingham. Rowe was educated at Lancing College and at Uppingham School and at Trinity College, Cambridge; as a cricketer, his batting and bowling styles are not known, but from his record in Cambridge University Cricket Club trial matches in 1858 and 1859, the university side appears to have regarded him as a bowler. It was a batsman, playing for the Cambridge Town Club against the university that he made impact in his first first-class game, scoring 45, the highest score of a rain-affected game: he took wickets and made a catch; that led to his selection for the university team in the next game, a match against the Marylebone Cricket Club, in which he batted at No 8 and scored 1 and 16, taking a single wicket. Though there were other non-first-class matches over the next few weeks for Cambridge University, he did not play first-class cricket again.
Rowe graduated from Cambridge University with a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1859. He became a schoolmaster at Felsted School from 1861, being headmaster temporarily in 1875. From 1888 to 1892 he was a full-time clergyman as vicar of New Brentford in west London, he became principal of the Lincoln Theological College until his retirement in 1912, he was a canon of Lincoln Cathedral from 1896 to his death in 1921