A hippie is a member of the counterculture of the 1960s a youth movement that began in the United States during the mid-1960s and spread to other countries around the world. The word hippie came from hipster and used to describe beatniks who moved into New York City's Greenwich Village and San Francisco's Haight-Ashbury district; the term hippie first found popularity in San Francisco with Herb Caen, a journalist for the San Francisco Chronicle. The origins of the terms hip and hep are uncertain. By the 1940s, both had meant "sophisticated; the Beats adopted the term hip, early hippies inherited the language and countercultural values of the Beat Generation. Hippies created their own communities, listened to psychedelic music, embraced the sexual revolution, many used drugs such as marijuana, LSD, psilocybin mushrooms to explore altered states of consciousness. In 1967, the Human Be-In in Golden Gate Park, San Francisco, Monterey Pop Festival popularized hippie culture, leading to the Summer of Love on the West Coast of the United States, the 1969 Woodstock Festival on the East Coast.
Hippies in Mexico, known as jipitecas, formed La Onda and gathered at Avándaro, while in New Zealand, nomadic housetruckers practiced alternative lifestyles and promoted sustainable energy at Nambassa. In the United Kingdom in 1970, many gathered at the gigantic Isle of Wight Festival with a crowd of around 400,000 people. In years, mobile "peace convoys" of New Age travelers made summer pilgrimages to free music festivals at Stonehenge and elsewhere. In Australia, hippies gathered at Nimbin for the 1973 Aquarius Festival and the annual Cannabis Law Reform Rally or MardiGrass. "Piedra Roja Festival", a major hippie event in Chile, was held in 1970. Hippie and psychedelic culture influenced 1960s and early 1970s young culture in Iron Curtain countries in Eastern Europe. Hippie fashion and values had a major effect on culture, influencing popular music, film and the arts. Since the 1960s, mainstream society has assimilated many aspects of hippie culture; the religious and cultural diversity the hippies espoused has gained widespread acceptance, their pop versions of Eastern philosophy and Asian spiritual concepts have reached a larger audience.
Lexicographer Jesse Sheidlower, the principal American editor of the Oxford English Dictionary, argues that the terms hipster and hippie derive from the word hip, whose origins are unknown. The word hip in the sense of "aware, in the know" is first attested in a 1902 cartoon by Tad Dorgan, first appeared in prose in a 1904 novel by George Vere Hobart, Jim Hickey: A Story of the One-Night Stands, where an African-American character uses the slang phrase "Are you hip?" The term hipster was coined by Harry Gibson in 1944. By the 1940s, the terms hip and hepcat were popular in Harlem jazz slang, although hep came to denote an inferior status to hip. In Greenwich Village in the early 1960s, New York City, young counterculture advocates were named hips because they were considered "in the know" or "cool", as opposed to being square. In the April 27, 1961 issue of The Village Voice, "An open letter to JFK & Fidel Castro", Norman Mailer utilizes the term hippies, in questioning JFK's behavior. In a 1961 essay, Kenneth Rexroth used both the terms hipster and hippies to refer to young people participating in black American or Beatnik nightlife.
According to Malcolm X's 1964 autobiography, the word hippie in 1940s Harlem had been used to describe a specific type of white man who "acted more Negro than Negroes". Andrew Loog Oldham refers to "all the Chicago hippies," in reference to black blues/R&B musicians, in his rear sleeve notes to the 1965 LP The Rolling Stones, Now! The word hippie was used in reference to Philadelphia in at least two popular songs in 1963: South Street by The Orlons, You Can't Sit Down by The Dovells. In both songs, the term is applied to residents of Philadelphia's South Street. Although the word hippies made other isolated appearances in print during the early 1960s, the first use of the term on the West Coast appeared in the article "A New Paradise for Beatniks" by San Francisco journalist Michael Fallon. In that article, Fallon wrote about the Blue Unicorn Cafe, using the term hippie to refer to the new generation of beatniks who had moved from North Beach into the Haight-Ashbury district. New York Times editor and usage writer Theodore M. Bernstein said the paper changed the spelling from hippy to hippie to avoid the ambiguous description of clothing as hippy fashions.
A July 1968 Time magazine study on hippie philosophy credited the foundation of the hippie movement with historical precedent as far back as the sadhu of India, the spiritual seekers who had renounced the world by taking "Sannyas". The counterculture of the Ancient Greeks, espoused by philosophers like Diogenes of Sinope and the cynics were early forms of hippie culture, it named as notable influences the religious and spiritual teachings of Henry David Thoreau, Hillel the Elder, Buddha, St. Francis of Assisi, J. R. R. Tolkien; the first signs of modern "proto-hippies" emerged in fin de siècle Europe. Late 1890s to early 1900s, a German youth movement arose as a countercultural reaction to the organized social and cultural clubs that centered around "German folk music". Known as Der Wandervogel, the hippie movement opposed the formality of traditional German clubs, instead emphasizing folk music and singing, creative dress, outdoor
Martin Eugene Mull is an American actor and comedian who has appeared in many television and film roles. He is a painter and recording artist; as an actor, he first became known in his role on Mary Hartman, Mary Hartman and its spin-off Fernwood 2 Night. Among his other notable roles are Colonel Mustard in the 1985 film Clue, Leon Carp on Roseanne, Willard Kraft on Sabrina, the Teenage Witch, Vlad Plasmius on Danny Phantom, Gene Parmesan on Arrested Development, he had a recurring role on a Half Men as Russell, the drug using, humorous pharmacist. Mull was born in Chicago, the son of Betty, an actress and director, Harold Mull, a carpenter, he moved with his family to North Ridgeville, when he was two years old. They stayed there until he was 15 years old, when his family moved to New Canaan, where he attended and graduated from public high school, he studied painting and went on to graduate in 1965 from the Rhode Island School of Design with a Bachelor of Fine Arts and in 1967 with a Master of Fine Arts in painting.
Mull's first well known acting role was as Barth Gimble in the 1976 television nighttime absurdist soap opera Mary Hartman, Mary Hartman. This led to work in the spin-off comedy talk shows Fernwood 2 Night and America 2-Night, in which he played talk show host Barth Gimble, opposite Fred Willard, as sidekick Jerry Hubbard. In 1979, he appeared in the Taxi episode Hollywood Calling. Mull created, wrote for and starred in the short-lived 1984 CBS sitcom Domestic Life, with Megan Follows playing his teenaged daughter. In one episode of The Golden Girls, he played a hippie, afraid of the outside world, he had a long-running role as Roseanne Conner's gay boss on the TV series Roseanne. During the 1980s, Mull played a supporting role in the film Mr. Mom, starred in a series of commercials for Michelob and Pizza Hut, in a series of television and radio commercials for Red Roof Inn, he appeared in the Pecos Bill episode of the Shelley Duvall TV series Tall Legends. He did the voice of Vlad Masters/Vlad Plasmius, the main villain in Danny Phantom.
Mull has appeared as a guest star on the game show Hollywood Squares, appearing as the center square in the show's final season, from 2003 to 2004. In late 2004 and in 2013's Netflix-produced Season 4, he portrayed Gene Parmesan, a private investigator, on the TV series Arrested Development. During 2008 and 2009, Mull guest starred in two episodes of the television series Gary Unmarried as Allison's father. Mull starred in the Fox sitcom Dads, he stars in The Cool Kids along with David Alan Grier, Vicki Lawrence, Leslie Jordan. Mull broke into show business as a songwriter, penning Jane Morgan's 1970 country single, A Girl Named Johnny Cash, which peaked at #61 on Billboard's country charts. Shortly thereafter, he began his own recording career. Throughout the 1970s, in the first half of the decade, Mull was best known as a musical comedian, performing satirical and humorous songs both live and in-studio recordings. Notable live gigs included opening for Randy Newman and Sandy Denny at Boston Symphony Hall in 1973.
His self-titled debut Album, released by Capricorn in 1972, featured many noteworthy musicians, including Ramblin' Jack Elliott, Levon Helm from The Band, Keith Spring of NRBQ and Libby Titus. Elvis Costello and Gary Sperrazza attribute the remark, "Writing about music is like dancing about architecture" to Martin Mull. Mull has been a painter since the 1970s, has work appear in group and solo exhibits, he participated in the June 15, 1971 exhibit "Flush with the Walls" in the men's room of the Boston Museum of Art to protest the lack of contemporary and local art in the museum. His work combines photorealist painting, the pop art and collage styles, he published a book of some of his paintings, titled Paintings Drawings and Words, in 1995. One of his paintings was used on My Love. Another painting, owned by Steve Martin titled After Dinner Drinks, was used for the cover of Love Has Come for You, an album by Steve Martin and Edie Brickell. Twice divorced, Mull is married to singer Wendy Haas; the two have Maggie.
In a 2010 interview on The Green Room with Paul Provenza, Mull identifies himself as an agnostic, saying "I don't begrudge someone else their choice to follow whatever they do, it's just for me, it doesn't make a lot of sense. I think more harm has come to this planet through organized religion than any single situation that we've invented." Martin Mull "Dueling Tubas" charted at #92 on Billboard's Hot 100 Martin Mull and His Fabulous Furniture in Your Living Room! Normal In the Soop with Martin Mull Days of Wine and Neuroses I'm Everyone I've Ever Loved No Hits, Four Errors – The Best of Martin Mull Sex & Violins Near Perfect/Perfect Mulling It Over – A Musical Ouvre-View of Martin Mull Martin Mull on IMDb NNDB page for Martin Mull Martin Mull on Artnet
Judd Asher Nelson is an American actor, best known for his roles as John Bender in The Breakfast Club, Alec Newbary in St. Elmo's Fire, Hot Rod / Rodimus Prime in The Transformers: The Movie and Transformers: Animated, Joe Hunt in Billionaire Boys Club, Nick Peretti in New Jack City, Billy Beretti in Empire, Jack Richmond in the television series Suddenly Susan. Nelson was born in Portland, the son of Merle, a court mediator and former member of the Maine state legislature, Leonard Nelson, a corporate lawyer, his family is Jewish, his father was the first Jewish president of the Portland Symphony Orchestra. He has two sisters and Julie, he went to school at St. Paul's School in Concord, New Hampshire and Waynflete School in Portland and studied at Haverford College in Pennsylvania, leaving during his sophomore year, he subsequently moved to Manhattan to study acting with Stella Adler. Nelson began acting in the mid-1980s, starring in Making the Grade, in Fandango opposite Kevin Costner, it was his roles in John Hughes's The Breakfast Club and Joel Schumacher's St. Elmo's Fire - and his affiliation with the Brat Pack - that made Nelson a star.
The St. Elmo's Fire music video - directed by Schumacher - reached No. 1 in the US, was written by David Foster and John Parr and performed by John Parr. A subsequent article in New York magazine, which focused on the success of these films, resulted in the term "Brat Pack" being coined. In 1986 Nelson provided the voice of Hot Rod/Rodimus Prime in The Transformers: The Movie and teamed up with Breakfast Club alumna Ally Sheedy for a third time in Blue City, he provided narration for Bill Couturie's Dear America: Letters Home from Vietnam, a critically acclaimed war documentary that featured a cast including Tom Berenger, Robert De Niro, Willem Dafoe, Matt Dillon. Film critic Roger Ebert praised the documentary, it maintains a 100% rating on Rotten Tomatoes, he starred opposite Burt Reynolds in the ABC Afterschool Special Shattered If Your Kid's On Drugs, which featured Megan Follows and Dermot Mulroney. In 1987 he starred in the Bob Clark courtroom comedy From the Hip, which co-starred John Hurt and Elizabeth Perkins.
In late 1988 he played Konstantin in Chekhov's The Seagull directed by Charles Marowitz at the Los Angeles Theatre Center, earning praise, as did the entire production. Nelson closed the 1980s with the William Lustig thriller, Relentless, in which he plays a Los Angeles serial killer being hunted by two police officers. Key TV roles in the 1980s included Moonlighting - episode "Camille" - in which he played a police officer opposite Cybill Shepherd and Bruce Willis. Nelson began 1990s with a starring role opposite Max von Sydow in the World War II drama Hiroshima: Out of the Ashes. In the Fall of 1990 he appeared on stage in Chicago and New York in Jules Feiffer's Carnal Knowledge with Jon Cryer, he worked for a second time with Adam Rifkin, this time starring in The Dark Backward with Bill Paxton. In 1991, he had a starring role in the Mario Van Peebles-directed New Jack City, an urban gangster film with Wesley Snipes, Ice-T, Vanessa A. Williams, Chris Rock, he had a special guest appearance in the popular HBO TV series Tales from the Crypt - on the episode What's Cookin - with Christopher Reeve and Meat Loaf, followed by a starring role with Richard Jordan in the thriller Primary Motive, a similar role in Entangled opposite Pierce Brosnan, set in Paris.
In 1994 Nelson appeared with Steve Buscemi, Chris Farley and Adam Sandler in the comedy Airheads, with Gina Gershon in the psychological thriller Flinch, with partner Shannen Doherty in the thriller Blindfold: Acts of Obsession. He headlined the Australian thriller, Blackwater Trail, with Peter Phelps before receiving a starring role on the NBC television sitcom Suddenly Susan, which saw success for a four-season run. Nelson wrapped up the 1990s with another urban gangster thriller, Light It Up, which featured an ensemble cast including R&B singer/actor Usher Raymond, Rosario Dawson, Forest Whitaker, Vanessa L. Williams. In the 21st century, Nelson has appeared in such TV series as The Outer Limits, CSI: Crime Scene Investigation, CSI: NY, Las Vegas, Eleventh Hour as a psychologist researching soldiers returning
Shelby Chong is an American comedian and producer, the executive producer of Best Buds and the associate producer of four Cheech & Chong films. She is the wife of actor Tommy Chong. Shelby Fiddis was born in Los Angeles, California in 1948, she attended public schools in the metropolitan region. Interested in acting and comedy, she started performing in local clubs as a stand-up comedian. Shelby Chong acted in Cheech & Chong's Next Movie, Nice Dreams and Things Are Tough All Over, she was associate producer for Cheech & Chong's The Corsican Brothers. And in Far Out Man as Tree, her notable acting roles include "Nancy Reynolds" in Sandman. Shelby Chong performed as Tommy's opening act at his comedy shows from 1996–2000, when she became his comedy partner. Since Cheech and Chong's reunion in 2008, Shelby performed as their opening act at sold-out comedy shows on their cross-country tour. In 1975 in Los Angeles, Fiddis married Canadian actor and comedian Tommy Chong, becoming his second wife, they adopted Marcus Wyatt in 1978.
They have three children together: Paris and Precious Chong. Tommy Chong has two daughters from his first marriage, Rae Dawn and Robbi. Marcus took the surname of his adoptive siblings when he turned eighteen, he and three of his sisters have each pursued acting careers, his two brothers have acted in occasional family movie productions. Shelby Chong on IMDb Miriam Valle, "Shelby Chong: Tommy Chong's Wife is Helping Cancer Battle", 10 June 2010, Daily Entertainment website
Richard Anthony "Cheech" Marin is a Mexican-American stand-up comedian, voice actor and activist who gained recognition as part of the comedy act Cheech & Chong during the 1970s and early 1980s with Tommy Chong and as Don Johnson's partner, Insp. Joe Dominguez, on Nash Bridges, he has voiced characters in several Disney films, including Oliver & Company, The Lion King, the Cars series and Beverly Hills Chihuahua. Marin's trademark is his characters' strong Chicano accents. Marin was born in Los Angeles, California, to Mexican American parents – Oscar Marin, a policeman in the LAPD, his wife Elsa, a secretary. Marin was born with a cleft lip, repaired. According to Marin, he identifies as Chicano. Marin's nickname "Cheech" is short for "chicharron", a fried pork skin, a popular snack and an ingredient in Mexican cuisine. In a 2017 NPR interview, Marin attributed the nickname to his uncle: "I came home from the hospital, I was like a couple days old or something, my uncle came over and he looked in the crib and he said,'Ay, parece un chicharrón.'
Looks like a little chicharrón, you know?"Marin graduated from Bishop Alemany High School and studied at San Fernando Valley State College, where he was a member of Phi Sigma Kappa. He dropped out before graduating. Marin auditioned to sing for Frank Zappa in 1967, but he moved to Vancouver, British Columbia in September to dodge the draft during the Vietnam War. Marin met Tommy Chong, in Calgary, Alberta; as a part of the successful comedy duo Cheech & Chong, Marin participated in a number of comedy albums and feature film comedies in the 1970s and 1980s. Tommy Chong directed four of their films while starring in all seven with Marin. After Cheech & Chong disbanded in 1985, Marin starred in a number of films as a solo actor, most notably Born in East L. A; the Shrimp on the Barbie, Tin Cup, Once Upon a Time in Mexico. He made a cameo appearance as a dockworker in Ghostbusters II. In 2004 he made his second appearance as a policeman, as "Officer Salino" in the film adaptation of John Grisham's holiday novel "Skipping Christmas", under the title "Christmas With the Kranks", starring Tim Allen and Jamie Lee Curtis.
Marin appeared in the Fox sitcom Married… with Children as the voice of the Bundy’s Briard dog, Buck. Marin made the transition to full-time television work when he co-starred on the short-lived The Golden Girls spin-off The Golden Palace, with Don Johnson, Jaime P. Gomez, Yasmine Bleeth in the police show Nash Bridges, in which they played San Francisco police-detective partners. In recent years he has been active in playing supporting roles in films and performing voice overs for animated features. After appearing in a supporting role in Judging Amy, playing an independently wealthy landscape designer, Marin starred in the CBS sitcom Rob, with Rob Schneider. Marin is a frequent collaborator of the director Robert Rodriguez, who has worked with Marin seven times, he provided his voice for several Disney animated films, most notably Tito the Chihuahua in Oliver & Company, Banzai the hyena in The Lion King, Ramone in Cars and its sequels Cars 2 and Cars 3. He played Pancho in The Cisco Kid, reprised the Banzai role in the video game Kingdom Hearts II.
Marin has released two best-selling albums in the children's music genre, My Name is Cheech, the School Bus Driver and My Name is Cheech, The School Bus Driver "Coast to Coast". Both albums were released bilingually. In July 2007, the book Cheech the School Bus Driver was released, written by Marin, illustrated by Orlando L. Ramirez, published by HarperCollins. In 2005, Marin lent his voice to the animated children's series Dora the Explorer, he appeared as the Puerto Rican folk hero Juan Bobo. In late 2006, Marin participated in Simon Cowell's Celebrity Duets, having sung with Peter Frampton, Randy Travis, Clint Black, Aaron Neville, Al Jarreau, he was the fourth to be eliminated. In that same year, he voiced as Gaspar Gomez in Scarface: The World Is Yours. Marin had a recurring role in the hit television series Lost, playing Hurley's father, he was a co-host for WWE Raw on March 1, 2010, with his comedy partner Tommy Chong, in Oklahoma City. Marin sings on the hidden track "Earache My Eye" on Korn's album Follow the Leader.
In 2009, he appeared in the Hallmark Channel movie Expecting a Miracle. On March 18, 2010, Marin beat journalist Anderson Cooper and actress Aisha Tyler on Celebrity Jeopardy!'s Million Dollar Celebrity Invitational. Cooper admitted. Marin won his semifinal round early May but lost in the May 6–7 final to Michael McKean, he had won the first Celebrity Jeopardy! Tournament in 1992. In January 2012, he was one of eight celebrities participating in the Food Network reality series Rachael vs. Guy: Celebrity Cook-Off, he was eliminated on the third week of the competition. Marin is an avid collector of Chicano art. Two national touring exhibitions have featured works from his private collection. Marin started collecting Chicano art in the 1980s, he feels that it's important to "use his celebrity status to call attention to what he saw as an under-appreciated and under-represented style of art."He is an avid golfer, although he disliked the sport until he co-star
C. Thomas Howell
Christopher Thomas Howell, is an American actor and director. He has starred in the films Soul Man, The Hitcher, Grandview U. S. A. Red Dawn, Secret Admirer and The Outsiders, he has appeared in Gettysburg as Thomas Chamberlain, E. T. the Extra-Terrestrial, The Amazing Spider-Man, Justice League: The Flashpoint Paradox and Suicide Squad: Hell to Pay. Howell was born in Los Angeles to Christopher N. and Candice Howell. He has two sisters and Candy, a brother, John, his father worked as a stunt rodeo performer. As a young boy, Howell was a child stunt performer, he began acting at the age of four, when he was cast in the Brian Keith Show episode, "The Little People". When Howell was young, his parents divorced. Howell graduated from Saugus High School in 1984. Howell's showbiz debut was acting in The Brian Keith Show episode "The Little People" as a little boy whose ears are being checked out by a doctor; when he got older, he worked on commercials for a while. He tried rodeo riding for a few years. In 1982, he made his film debut as Tyler in Steven Spielberg's E.
T. the Extra-Terrestrial. Afterward, he was cast as the lead role Ponyboy Curtis in Francis Ford Coppola's The Outsiders, which earned him a Young Artist Award. In 1984 he and Outsiders co-star, Patrick Swayze, reunited for Grandview, U. S. A. with Jamie Lee Curtis, Red Dawn, with Charlie Sheen and Lea Thompson. Howell had a pivotal role in Tank, with James Garner and Jenilee Harrison. In 1985 he again starred in the lead role in Secret Admirer, opposite Lori Loughlin and Kelly Preston. Howell was one of two final actors in the running to play Marty McFly in Back to the Future the other being Eric Stoltz, selected. Michael J. Fox would go on to replace Stoltz after filming had begun. In 1986, he played a hitchhiker's target in the film The Hitcher; the sequel, in which he starred, was released in 2003. He starred as a white student who pretends to be black to receive a scholarship in the poorly received Soul Man, which holds an aggregated score of 14% at Rotten Tomatoes. Howell has since stated that he does not regret playing the main character in blackface and that Soul Man was "an important part of life" and "an important film" for racial relations in the United States.
In 1988, Howell played the young Arturo Toscanini in the story of the world-renowned conductors debut in Franco Zeffirelli's Giovane Toscanini with Irma Capece Minutolo and Elizabeth Taylor. The film was never released domestically. At the end of the 1980s and beginning of the 1990s, Howell appeared in The Return of the Musketeers and Side Out. In 1993, he starred with Nancy Allen in the campy thriller Acting on Impulse. After several straight-to-video features and a starring role in That Night, he achieved success again in the film Gettysburg, popular with history buffs and history classrooms, he starred as a motorcycle courier in Mad Dogs and Englishmen with Elizabeth Hurley. His made-for-television film credits include Suspect Sealed with a Kiss and Dead Fire, he starred in an unsold pilot. He appeared in the short-lived TV series Kindred: The Embraced, he started an interest in crime-thrillers after starring in Payback and playing gangster Baby Face Nelson in a film of the same name. He went on to direct and star in the 1996 direct-to-video release, Pure Danger, featuring alongside Teri Ann Linn and prop comic, Carrot Top.
Howell returned to acting in the 2000s in films such as Asylum Days, the Gods and Generals prequel to Gettysburg, The Hillside Strangler, in which he played serial killer Kenneth Bianchi. In 2006, Howell starred in Hoboken Hollow, he became a supporter of the production company The Asylum, which produced his straight-to-DVD films. In 2005, he starred in H. G. Wells' War of the Worlds, one of three 2005 adaptations of the novel The War of the Worlds by H. G. Wells. Howell directed and starred in a straight-to-DVD sequel War of the Worlds 2: The Next Wave in 2008. In 2005, he reunited with his Secret Admirer co-star Lori Loughlin, when he had a recurring role on her television show Summerland as Zac Efron's father. After War of the Worlds, he spent time directing straight to-DVD films. In 2008, he directed and starred in The Day the Earth Stopped, a mockbuster intended to capitalize on The Day the Earth Stood Still, he appeared as a doctor in an adaptation of the 1972 film of the same name. His father's first stunt co-ordination was for the original film, albeit uncredited.
He hosted a show on KLSX that year. Howell appeared in the 2012 film The Amazing Spider-Man. After filming The Outsiders, Howell co-starred in his own television series, Two Marriages, which ended after four episodes, but letters of support got it back on air, he expressed disappointment in the series, but found it more satisfying. After Two Marriages, Howell made guest appearances in shows like The Hitchhiker. In 2000, Howell played a doctor stranded on a deserted island after a plane crash in Amazon, he turned down a guest role in ER after missing out on a role he wanted, but his wife signed him up after yet another offer. Following ER, he guest appeared in 24, he guest starred in five episodes of Criminal Minds on CBS as serial killer George Foyet, a recurring villain based on the Zodiac Killer. Howell has played the role of Officer Bill'Dewey' Dudek, a police officer recovering from alcoholism, in the L. A. police drama Southland since 2009. He appeared in Seasons 1, 2, 3, 4 and was promoted to a series regular for Season 5, which began in February 2013.
The series was cancelled on Ma
Bobby Taylor & the Vancouvers
Bobby Taylor & the Vancouvers were a Canadian soul band from Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. The group recorded for the Gordy Records division of Motown Records in 1968, where they had a top 30 hit single, "Does Your Mama Know About Me"; as a producer and solo artist, Bobby Taylor contributed to several other soul recordings, both inside and outside of Motown. Taylor is most notable for discovering and mentoring The Jackson 5. Tommy Chong was a member of the Vancouvers before he became famous as a comedian. Bobby Taylor, born Robert Edward Taylor on February 18, 1934 in Washington, D. C. was raised in Washington. As a young man, he moved to New York City and sang in doo-wop groups with singers who joined successful acts such as Frankie Lymon & the Teenagers and Little Anthony and the Imperials. In 1958 he began his music career as a member of The Four Pharaohs, who released a few locally-selling recordings in the Columbus, area. In the early 1960s, while they were in San Francisco, Taylor met Little Daddy and the Bachelors, made up of vocalist Tommie Melton, guitarist Tommy Chong, bassist Wes Henderson, pianist Bernie Sneed, drummer Floyd Sneed While in Calgary they were known as the Calgary Shades.
The word Shades in the group's name referenced the fact. Chong is half Chinese; the other members were black and Aboriginal. Taylor was of African-American, Puerto Rican, Native American heritage."Little Daddy & The Bachelors", recorded a single, "Too Much Monkey Business" / "Junior's Jerk". Melton and Chong opened a Vancouver dance hall in 1962 called the Blues Palace, a movie theatre, they brought in Tina Turner Revue who had never been to Vancouver before. They drew a small crowd and Melton and Chong broke on that one. Although Little Daddy & The Bachelors built up a small following, things soured when they went with Chong's suggestion and had themselves billed as "Four Niggers and a Chink". Before taking on the moniker Bobby Taylor & the Vancouvers. In 1965, Supremes members Mary Wilson and Florence Ballard heard the band — whose repertoire consisted of Motown covers — at the Elegant Parlour in Vancouver, alerted Motown CEO Berry Gordy, Jr.. Gordy brought the Vancouvers to Motown Records in Detroit and signed them to his Gordy Records imprint.
By this time the evolving lineup consisted of Taylor and Chong along with guitarist Eddie Patterson, organist Robbie King, drummer Duris Maxwell, the latter three having come as a package when the original Vancouvers merged with another local group, the Good Shepherds. Claims have been made that future star guitarist Jimi Hendrix played with them in those early days, but Chong has been quoted as saying that any such appearance is a product of Taylor's "imagination." Hendrix and Taylor knew each other from their early days in the Seattle-Tacoma area, Hendrix's summers with his grandmother in Vancouver. Hendrix jammed onstage with the Vancouvers in Europe; the group recorded its debut album, an eponymous release, their debut single, the Tommy Chong co-composition "Does Your Mama Know About Me," peaked at number 29 on the Billboard Hot 100, #44 in Canada. For a July, 1968, engagement at the Regal Theater in Chicago, Bobby Taylor & the Vancouvers had a local-area family band, The Jackson 5, as their opening act.
Impressed with the group, Taylor brought them to Detroit and the Motown offices, arranging an audition for them with Motown executive Suzanne de Passe. de Passe and Berry Gordy were impressed with the Jacksons, the group was signed to the label within a year. They released two further singles, "I Am Your Man," produced by Nickolas Ashford and Valerie Simpson, the Smokey Robinson-written and produced "Malinda"; the Vancouvers ended up performing in support of Motown artist Chris Clark. Tommy Chong and Wes Henderson were fired by Clark and Motown producer Johnny Bristol for missing a gig to apply for Green cards; the group broke up shortly afterwards, when Chong attempted to have the Vancouvers' contract halved, so that he, Henderson would constitute the group, while Robbie King, Eddie Patterson, Ted Lewis would be regarded as sidemen and session artists. Taylor was turned down. After the Jackson 5 signed to Motown in March 1969, Taylor became the group's first producer, he supervised the bulk of their first album, Diana Ross Presents the Jackson 5, recording the Jacksons on a number of soul covers, including The Miracles' "Who's Lovin' You".
Berry Gordy would move the group to California and take personal control of their sound. Although Taylor would join the Jacksons in California, he did not receive credit for working on the group's early singles such as "I Want You Back" and "ABC" alongside Gordy's team known as The Corporation. In addition to those, he produced most of their covers of older blues songs; as a solo artist, Taylor was shifted to Motown's V. I. P. Label and continued as a solo artist. Although his "Oh, I've Been Blessed" attained a cult status, Taylor's solo singles failed to sell well. By 1971, Taylor had departed Motown because of a financial dispute, recording sporadically into the mid-1970s. Taylor successfully sued Motown for a substantial amount of money. Despite that, the group's recording of "The Bells I Hear", the song they recorded which Marvin Gaye, who produced the track and reformulated into two separate tracks by The Originals'