The Farmington River is a river, 46.7 miles in length along its main stem, located in northwest Connecticut with major tributaries extending into southwest Massachusetts. Via its longest branch, the Farmington's length increases to 80.4 miles, making it the Connecticut River's longest tributary by a mere 2.3 miles over the major river directly to its north, the Westfield River. The Farmington River's watershed covers 609 square miles; the river played an important role in small-scale manufacturing in towns along its course, but it is now used for recreation and drinking water. The Farmington River Watershed Association is a non-profit organization for conservation and preservation of this river. Headwaters for both main branches of the Farmington River, referred to as the East Branch and West Branch, are found in southwestern Massachusetts, though only the West Branch begins north of the Connecticut border; the West Branch rises at the outlet of Hayden Pond in Massachusetts. In 1994, a 14-mile stretch of the branch was designated a National Scenic River.
The East Branch begins in Hartland, Connecticut at the confluence of Pond and Valley Brooks. However, this branch has been impounded along the first 11 miles of its course to form the Barkhamsted Reservoir and Lake McDonough; the East Branch and West Branch join in New Hartford, Connecticut just about one mile south of Lake McDonough. Upper reaches of the river flow southward, but the river turns northward in Farmington and runs north and east until it flows into the Connecticut River in Windsor, Connecticut. There are several whitewater sections. One of these, the so-called "Upper Farmington" section of the West Branch in New Boston, Massachusetts, is about 7 miles long, it is Class 2 through farm and woods scenery to an iron bridge, where kayak and canoe slalom races are held. Below the bridge the river becomes Class 3-4 technical at low water, technical and pushy at higher water, with a short gorge with several abrupt drops; the biggest of these is about four feet at Decoration Rock. Below, the river continues technical with many rocks and constant maneuvering required.
The river is leading through larger drops at Battering Ram rapid and Corkscrew. It flattens to Class 2 until a final, ledge rapid at Bear's Den, just above the reservoir; the Upper Farmington is runnable during fall dam releases, is a much better run at levels of about 600 cubic feet per second, or about 5 feet on the internet gauge for that section. A second whitewater section is found in Tariffville, one mile of technical Class 3 water, runnable all year round; the river is paddled at levels between 1.5 and 2.75 feet on the internet gauge. This section includes the famous T-ville Hole, where kayakers can practice hole surfing and freestyle moves above a flat pool. Below the Hole is a broken dam, where the river funnels through an abrupt four foot drop into a large wave; this area is popular with swimmers in summer, it is risky due to heavy currents and undercut rocks. There have been at least three fatal drownings in the Tariffville Gorge section people who were not properly prepared or trained for the heavy rapids and pinning obstacles in the gorge.
Paddlers without helmets and Class 3 whitewater skills should end downriver trips at Tariffville Park, just above the start of the gorge. Other whitewater areas include Satan's Kingdom in New Hartford, popular with tubers, the Crystal Rapids section in Collinsville and Unionville, about four miles of Class 1-3 training waters with a bicycle and pedestrian path on the right side of the river. Entrance to the park is free. A service will pick tubers up and drop them off at certain points; the west branch of the river includes two hydroelectric dams in West Hartland and Colebrook, run by Connecticut's Metropolitan District Commission. The largest dam on the east branch is the Saville Dam; the Rainbow Dam, a 68-foot dam with a hydroelectric generator and a fish ladder, dams the river at Windsor, a few miles before the river flows into the Connecticut River. A number of other dams have been built on the river since European settlement to power mills and other industry. A few, such as in Collinsville, are still intact.
The Collinsville Renewable Energy Promotion Act would instruct the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission to issue licenses to the town of Canton, Connecticut to restart two small power dams along the river. The bill passed the United States House of Representatives on February 12, 2013, but has not yet become law. Water released from or flowing over the Otis Reservoir dam enters the Farmington River just North of Reservoir Road in Otis, Massachusetts. Significant quantities of water are released during the fall in order to drop the reservoir water level for the winter; the Farmington River was the home of a Native American indigenous people called the Massaco, who inhabited the Simsbury and Canton area of Connecticut. One of the eighteen bands of the Wappinger, they lived and fished along the river, which acquired the name "Farmington" The land of the Massaco was subsequently purchased by the Dutch; this and its settlement during the era of the Connecticu
The Farmington Canal known as the New Haven and Northampton Canal, was a major private canal built in the early 19th century to provide water transportation from New Haven into the interior of Connecticut and beyond. Its Massachusetts segment was known as the Hampden Canal. With the advent of railroads, it was converted to a railroad in the mid-19th century and in recent years has been converted to a multi-use trail after being abandoned for years; the entire length of the canal right of way in Connecticut from Suffield to New Haven was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1985 under the name "Farmington Canal-New Haven and Northampton Canal". The 1984 NRHP nomination document provides a detailed history, describes 45 separate bridges, aqueducts and other surviving features; the Farmington Canal Lock in Cheshire and the Farmington Canal Lock No. 13 in Hamden, Connecticut were listed separately on the National Register of Historic Places in 1973 and 1982, respectively. Those are locks 13 out of 28 original locks on the canal.
Ground was broken for the canal in 1825 and by 1828 the canal was open from New Haven to Farmington. By 1835 the complete route to Northampton was operating; the canal, was never successful financially. Competition with railroads threatened the canal; the New Haven and Northampton Company was built along the canal's right of way in 1848. Joseph Earl Sheffield was involved with the financing of both the railroad; this railroad merged with the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad in 1887. Portions of the railway were in use up until the 1980s. A two-mile section from the Main/Whiting Street intersection in Plainville to Townline Road sees limited use; the canal makers reached a problem at the "great level" (the level stretch of land between locks 8 and 9, the longest distance of the canal at the same water level. The 280-foot aqueduct was spanned with 7 arches, spaced 40 feet apart; the pillars that remained after the canal closed were noted as a state landmark in the 50s, but the 1955 flood damaged the pillars beyond repair, they were removed in 1956-58.
The aqueduct's remnants are now preserved as part of the Farmington Land Trust. The Whitings basin, or Bristol basin, was located in Plainville, between Whiting Street and West Main Street. Edna Whiting built a general store, had doors leading directly to the canal for drop offs. Whiting's general store sold a variety of jelly, grains, etc. Other notable items that passed through and were dropped off at Bristol basin were the original Eli Terry clock weights, for the notable pillar and scroll clock. Locks 1-8 have been demolished. Lock 12 is functioning, along with the lock keeper's house. Lock 13 is in overgrown; the lock keeper's house for lock 13 is no longer standing. Lock 14 is still recognizable; the lock keeper's house is still standing, plans to convert it for municipal services building are planned. During the 1990s, the railroad right-of-way was converted to a rail trail for recreational use; the Farmington Canal Trail runs from downtown New Haven to Northampton, Massachusetts following the path of Route 10.
Hampshire and Hampden Canal New Haven and Northampton Company Farmington Canal Trail National Register of Historic Places listings in New Haven County, Connecticut National Register of Historic Places listings in Southington, Connecticut National Register of Historic Places listings in Hartford County, Connecticut Farmington Valley Greenway and the Farmington Valley Trails Council Farmington Canal Rail-to-Trail Association The Farmington Canal 1822–1847 Farmington Canal Greenway Vision Trail
Farmington (St. Stephens Church, Virginia)
Farmington is a historic plantation house located near St. Stephens Church and Queen County, Virginia; the original structure was built about 1795, enlarged and modified to its present form in 1859-1860. It is a large two-story frame house, with deep eaves, it has a two-story rear addition on the building's southwest side and a one-story addition on the southeast side. On the property are a contributing large braced-frame barn, a weaving house, an overseer's house, it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1995
Farmington is a city in Fulton County, United States. It is north of Canton, west of Peoria, southeast of Galesburg, northeast of Macomb; the population was 2,448 at the 2010 census, down from 2,601 at the 2000 census. The public school system is Farmington Central Community Unit School District 265, which includes Farmington Central High School; because it is in Fulton County, it is a part of the Canton Micropolitan Area and the wider Peoria Consolidated Statistical Area. Farmington was founded circa 1827; the area was first inhabited by members of the Potawatomi tribe. The city is named after Connecticut. Before and during the Civil War, the city was involved in the Underground Railroad, there are several remaining homes that were safehouses. In the early 1900s, many Italian immigrants settled in Farmington. Farmington is located in the northeast corner of Fulton County at 40°41′56″N 90°0′13″W. Illinois Routes 78 and 116 pass through the center of the city. IL 116 enters from the north as North Main Street, IL 78 enters from the south as South Main Street.
The two highways leave the city to the east on East Fort Street. IL 78 leads north 42 miles to Kewanee and south 10 miles to Canton, the largest city in Fulton County, while IL 116 leads east 22 miles to Peoria and west 22 miles to St. Augustine. According to the 2010 census, Farmington has a total area of all land; as of the census of 2000, there were 2,601 people, 1,035 households, 710 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,095.1 people per square mile. There were 1,114 housing units at an average density of 897.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 98.62% White, 0.12% African American, 0.35% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.19% from other races, 0.58% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.96% of the population. There were 1,035 households out of which 29.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.2% were married couples living together, 7.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.4% were non-families. 29.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.97. In the city the population was spread out with 23.0% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 26.1% from 25 to 44, 20.5% from 45 to 64, 21.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.6 males. The median income for a household in the city was $35,893, the median income for a family was $49,167. Males had a median income of $34,500 versus $25,590 for females; the per capita income for the city was $19,336. About 4.2% of families and 7.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.3% of those under age 18 and 6.4% of those age 65 or over. Lewis Russell, actor born in Farmington Bill Tuttle, outfielder for the Detroit Tigers, Kansas City Athletics, the Minnesota Twins; the Fry family emigrated west in 1849 on the Oregon Trail to the Williamette Valley
Hustonville is a home rule-class city in Lincoln County, Kentucky, in the United States. The population was 405 at the 2010 census, it is part of the Danville Micropolitan Statistical Area. The community was known as The Crossroads from its location on trails connecting the Kentucky and Green rivers and the Falls of the Ohio with Logan's Fort, it was known as Farmington and, after the 1818 erection of a post office, Hanging Fork after a local stream named for two bandits who were hanged by Virginia officers rather than escorted back for trial. For three months in 1826, it was known as New Store, but the name returned to Hanging Fork; when the town was established on February 29, 1836, it was renamed Hustonville after two local landowners. The city was formally incorporated by the state assembly in 1850. During the mid 19th and early 20th centuries, Hustonville was home to Christian College; the school was established following a fundraising campaign by William Logan Williams, instrumental in securing money for church construction in the city.
Future U. S. senator and Governor of Kentucky, Augustus O. Stanley, served as chair of belles-lettres at the school in 1890. Hustonville is located at 37°28′22″N 84°49′4″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.6 square miles, all land. The city is concentrated along Kentucky Route 78, just east of its intersection with U. S. Route 127, in northwestern Lincoln County; the city lies near the headwaters of a tributary of the Dix River. As of the census of 2000, there were 347 people, 165 households, 100 families residing in the city; the population density was 628.9 per square mile. There were 181 housing units at an average density of 328.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 96.83% White, 1.15% African American, 0.29% Asian, 1.73% from two or more races. There were 165 households out of which 21.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.5% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.8% were non-families.
34.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.10 and the average family size was 2.67. In the city, the population was spread out with 17.3% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 23.3% from 25 to 44, 28.2% from 45 to 64, 25.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females, there were 81.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.2 males. The median income for a household in the city was $33,750, the median income for a family was $45,000. Males had a median income of $29,167 versus $22,917 for females; the per capita income for the city was $16,379. About 9.6% of families and 19.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.2% of those under age 18 and 30.9% of those age 65 or over. Entry for Hustonville at the Kentucky Secretary of State website Media related to Hustonville, Kentucky at Wikimedia Commons
Farmington (Louisville, Kentucky)
Farmington, an 18-acre historic site in Louisville, was once the center of a hemp plantation owned by John and Lucy Speed. The 14-room, Federal-style brick plantation house was based on a design by Thomas Jefferson and has several Jeffersonian architectural features; the Farmington site was part of a military land grant given to Captain James Speed in 1780. His son, John Speed, completed Farmington on a tract of land in 1816. Built in the Federal architectural style, the house is based on plans by Thomas Jefferson, which are now in the Coolidge Collection at the Massachusetts Historical Society. Speed built the house for his wife, Lucy Gilmer Fry, daughter of Joshua Fry and granddaughter of Dr. Thomas Walker, the guardian of Thomas Jefferson, her aunt and uncle's home in Charlottesville, Virginia was called Farmington and had an addition designed by Thomas Jefferson. Their son, Joshua Fry Speed, was an lifelong friend of Abraham Lincoln. While courting Mary Todd, Lincoln spent three weeks at Farmington in 1841 while recovering from mental and physical exhaustion.
John and Lucy's son, James Speed, was appointed Attorney General of the United States by Lincoln in 1863. Farmington consists of a single story above a raised basement; the building is a square shape, measuring 62 feet wide by 50 feet long. There are 14 rooms of living quarters on the first floor, with servant's and children's rooms on the basement floor; the first story is about five feet above ground level, with the basement windows above ground. All rooms in the basement are finished. A simplified classical cornice under the hipped roof helps give the house its pleasing, proportional appearance; the front entrance is a tetrastyle portico with slender Doric columns, reached by 11 steps. The porch's gable features a semi-circular ventilation window; the front door opens into a central hall. These two halls give access to all rooms on the first floor, as well as stairs to the basement and attic; the stairs are hidden, a common feature of homes designed by Jefferson. A notable feature of the first floor are two 24-foot wide octagonal rooms, another distinctive feature of Jeffersonian architecture.
One of the octagonal rooms is a dining hall, the other is a parlor. Other rooms on the first floor are a study and a family sitting room. Farmington has been restored as a re-creation of a 19th-century plantation; the house itself had been altered little at the time it was purchased by the Historic Homes Foundation for preservation in 1958. The only substantial change in its interior or exterior appearance since construction was the installation of a tin roof in place of the original wood shingles, done for fire safety reasons; as of 2011, Farmington and a small visitors center are open to the public for tours and the site is available for special events and rentals. In 2012, Farmington's owner, Historic Homes Foundation, Inc. entered into an agreement to sell 5 of the landmark's 18 acres to an adjoining landowner, Sullivan University, for use as a 300-space parking lot to be shared by both entities. Controversial questions about the proposal were raised in online media leading up to its consideration in the February 3, 2013 meeting of the Metro Louisville Landmarks Commission's Individual Landmarks Architectural Review Committee.
Historic Locust Grove History of Louisville, Kentucky History of slavery in Kentucky List of attractions and events in the Louisville metropolitan area Louisville in the American Civil War Riverside, The Farnsley-Moremen Landing Bush, Bryan S.. Lincoln and the Speeds: The Untold Story of a Devoted and Enduring Friendship. Morley, Missouri: Acclaim Press. ISBN 978-0-9798802-6-1. Farmington official web site "Joshua and James Speed" — Article by Civil War historian/author Bryan S. Bush Google Satellite Map
Farmington, Waupaca County, Wisconsin
Farmington is a town in Waupaca County, United States. The population was 4,148 at the 2000 census; the town includes the census-designated place known as King, the unincorporated communities of Cobb Town, Sheridan. The census-designated place of Chain O' Lakes is located in the town. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 35.5 square miles, of which, 34.5 square miles of it is land and 1.0 square miles of it is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 4,148 people, 1,326 households, 1,021 families residing in the town; the population density was 120.3 people per square mile. There were 1,637 housing units at an average density of 47.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 98.55% White, 0.05% African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.41% from other races, 0.65% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.80% of the population. There were 1,326 households out of which 33.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.0% were married couples living together, 6.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 23.0% were non-families.
19.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 2.88. In the town, the population was spread out with 20.7% under the age of 18, 4.5% from 18 to 24, 23.1% from 25 to 44, 24.8% from 45 to 64, 26.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females, there were 126.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 127.9 males. The median income for a household in the town was $46,633, the median income for a family was $54,180. Males had a median income of $41,118 versus $21,734 for females; the per capita income for the town was $20,044. About 6.8% of families and 8.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.1% of those under age 18 and 3.1% of those age 65 or over