Seabirds are birds that are adapted to life within the marine environment. The first seabirds evolved in the Cretaceous period, and modern seabird families emerged in the Paleogene, in general, seabirds live longer and have fewer young than other birds do, but they invest a great deal of time in their young. Most species nest in colonies, which can vary in size from a few birds to millions. Many species are famous for undertaking long annual migrations, crossing the equator or circumnavigating the Earth in some cases and they feed both at the oceans surface and below it, and even feed on each other. Seabirds can be highly pelagic, coastal, or in some cases spend a part of the year away from the sea entirely and humans have a long history together, they have provided food to hunters, guided fishermen to fishing stocks and led sailors to land. Many species are threatened by human activities, and conservation efforts are under way. There exists no single definition of which groups and species are seabirds, and most definitions are in some way arbitrary.
In the words of two scientists, The one common characteristic that all seabirds share is that they feed in saltwater. However, by all of the Sphenisciformes and Procellariiformes, all of the Pelecaniformes except the darters. The phalaropes are usually included as well, since although they are waders and grebes, which nest on lakes but winter at sea, are usually categorized as water birds, not seabirds. Although there are a number of sea ducks in the family Anatidae that are truly marine in the winter, many waders and herons are highly marine, living on the seas edge, but are not treated as seabirds. Seabirds, by virtue of living in a depositional environment, are well represented in the fossil record. In the Paleogene the seas were dominated by early Procellariidae, giant penguins, modern genera began their wide radiation in the Miocene, although the genus Puffinus might date back to the Oligocene. The highest diversity of seabirds apparently existed during the Late Miocene, Seabirds have made numerous adaptations to living on and feeding in the sea.
Wing morphology has been shaped by the niche an individual species or family has evolved, so that looking at a wings shape, longer wings and low wing loading are typical of more pelagic species, while diving species have shorter wings. Seabirds almost always have webbed feet, to aid movement on the surface as well as assisting diving in some species. The Procellariiformes are unusual among birds in having a sense of smell, which is used to find widely distributed food in a vast ocean. Salt glands are used by seabirds to deal with the salt they ingest by drinking and feeding, the excretions from these glands are almost pure sodium chloride
Iceland is a Nordic island country in the North Atlantic Ocean. It has a population of 332,529 and an area of 103,000 km2, the capital and largest city is Reykjavík. Reykjavík and the areas in the southwest of the country are home to over two-thirds of the population. Iceland is volcanically and geologically active, the interior consists of a plateau characterised by sand and lava fields and glaciers, while many glacial rivers flow to the sea through the lowlands. Iceland is warmed by the Gulf Stream and has a climate, despite a high latitude just outside the Arctic Circle. Its high latitude and marine influence still keeps summers chilly, with most of the archipelago having a tundra climate. According to the ancient manuscript Landnámabók, the settlement of Iceland began in the year 874 AD when the Norwegian chieftain Ingólfr Arnarson became the first permanent settler on the island. In the following centuries, and to a lesser extent other Scandinavians, emigrated to Iceland, the island was governed as an independent commonwealth under the Althing, one of the worlds oldest functioning legislative assemblies.
Following a period of strife, Iceland acceded to Norwegian rule in the 13th century. The establishment of the Kalmar Union in 1397 united the kingdoms of Norway, Iceland thus followed Norways integration to that Union and came under Danish rule after Swedens secession from that union in 1523. In the wake of the French revolution and the Napoleonic wars, Icelands struggle for independence took form and culminated in independence in 1918, until the 20th century, Iceland relied largely on subsistence fishing and agriculture, and was among the poorest in Europe. Industrialisation of the fisheries and Marshall Plan aid following World War II brought prosperity, in 1994, it became a part of the European Economic Area, which further diversified the economy into sectors such as finance and manufacturing. Iceland has an economy with relatively low taxes compared to other OECD countries. It maintains a Nordic social welfare system that provides health care. Iceland ranks high in economic and social stability and equality, in 2013, it was ranked as the 13th most-developed country in the world by the United Nations Human Development Index.
Iceland runs almost completely on renewable energy, some bankers were jailed, and the economy has made a significant recovery, in large part due to a surge in tourism. Icelandic culture is founded upon the nations Scandinavian heritage, most Icelanders are descendants of Germanic and Gaelic settlers. Icelandic, a North Germanic language, is descended from Old Norse and is related to Faroese
In ecology, sustainability is the property of biological systems to remain diverse and productive indefinitely. Long-lived and healthy wetlands and forests are examples of biological systems. In more general terms, sustainability is the endurance of systems, the organizing principle for sustainability is sustainable development, which includes the four interconnected domains, economics and culture. Sustainability science is the study of development and environmental science. Sustainability can be defined as a process characterized by the pursuit of a common ideal. An ideal is by definition unattainable in a time and space. However, by persistently and dynamically approaching it, the results in a sustainable system. Healthy ecosystems and environments are necessary to the survival of humans, ways of reducing negative human impact are environmentally-friendly chemical engineering, environmental resources management and environmental protection. Information is gained from green chemistry, earth science, environmental science, Ecological economics studies the fields of academic research that aim to address human economies and natural ecosystems.
Moving towards sustainability is a challenge that entails international and national law, urban planning and transport and individual lifestyles. The name sustainability is derived from the Latin sustinere, sustain can mean “maintain, support, or endure”. ”The 2005 World Summit on Social Development identified sustainable development goals, such as economic development, social development and environmental protection. This view has been expressed as an illustration using three overlapping ellipses indicating that the three pillars of sustainability are not mutually exclusive and can be mutually reinforcing, in fact, the three pillars are interdependent, and in the long run none can exist without the others. The three pillars have served as a ground for numerous sustainability standards and certification systems in recent years. Standards which today explicitly refer to the bottom line include Rainforest Alliance, Fairtrade. Some sustainability experts and practitioners have illustrated four pillars of sustainability, one such pillar is future generations, which emphasizes the long-term thinking associated with sustainability.
There is an opinion that considers resource use and financial sustainability as two pillars of sustainability. Sustainable development consists of balancing local and global efforts to meet human needs without destroying or degrading the natural environment. The question becomes how to represent the relationship between those needs and the environment, a study from 2005 pointed out that environmental justice is as important as sustainable development
A lacrosse stick or crosse is used to play the sport of lacrosse. Players use the stick to handle the ball and to strike or check opposing players. The head of a stick is roughly triangular in shape and is strung with loose netting that allows the ball to be caught, carried. A traditional lacrosse stick is made out of wood, usually crafted from hickory trees, the lacrosse stick is given its shape through steam bending. Holes are drilled in the top portion of the head and the sidewall, permitting weaving of nylon string, leather runners are strung from the top of the head to the throat of the stick. Then nylon string is woven in to create the pocket, the wooden lacrosse stick dates back to the creation of the sport and is still fashioned by box lacrosse players around the world. Wooden sticks are still legal under Canadian Lacrosse Association rules but are subject to the same regulations as contemporary lacrosse sticks. The only exception to this is the Western Lacrosse Association, which prohibited the use of sticks by non-goaltenders some years ago.
The last WLA player to use one was A. J. Smith of the Coquitlam Adanacs, 2003–04, the last player who had been grandfathered to use one. In 1970, the first patent for a lacrosse stick was issued to STX. A modern lacrosse stick consists of a molded head attached to a metal shaft. The heads are strung with nylon or leather strings to form a pocket, the dimensions of the stick are governed by league rules, such as NCAA rules for collegiate players or FIL rules for international players. The new dimensions include a minimum 6 inches at the widest point of the head, in mens lacrosse, the head of the stick may be 6 to 10 inches wide under NCAA rules. The head of the stick is much larger and may be 10 to 12 inches wide under US Lacrosse. The sidewalls of the head may not be more than two inches tall, in womens lacrosse, the stick dimensions are similar except the pocket depth is much shallower. NCAA rules dictate that the head of a womans stick may be from seven to nine inches wide, and must be strung traditionally, with a pocket formed by a grid of leather strings.
Nylon mesh stringing, permitted in mens sticks, is not permitted in womens sticks, the goalkeepers stick head may be up to 12 inches wide and is allowed to be strung with nylon mesh. The legal depth of a womens stick pocket is determined by the following test, the top of the lacrosse ball, the pocket of the head is where the ball is carried and caught
The northern gannet is a seabird and the largest member of the gannet family, Sulidae. Gannet is derived from Old English ganot strong or masculine, ultimately from the same Old Germanic root as gander, Morus is derived from Ancient Greek moros, foolish due to the lack of fear shown by breeding gannets and boobies allowing them to be easily killed. The specific bassanus is from the Bass Rock in the Firth of Forth, the northern gannet has the same colours as the Australasian gannet and is similar in appearance. Nesting in colonies as large as 75,000 pairs on both sides of the north Atlantic this bird undertakes seasonal migrations and is a spectacular high-speed diver, Old names for the northern gannet include solan and solan goose. Adults are 81–110 cm long, weigh 2. 2–3.6 kg and have a 165–180 cm wingspan, before fledging, the immature birds can weigh more than 4 kg. Each wing measures between 47 and 53 cm when outstretched and the beak measures between 9 and 11 cm, the two sexes are a similar size.
The plumage of the adults is white with dark wing tips, the feathers are waterproof, which allows the birds to spend long periods in water. A water-impermeable secretion produced by a sebaceous gland covers the feathers, the eye is light blue, and it is surrounded by bare, black skin, which gives the birds their characteristic facial expression. Fledglings are brown with white wing tips and they have white spots on their head and on their back and a v-shaped white area underneath. The plumage of one-year-olds can be almost completely brown, in the second year the birds’ appearance changes depending on the different phases of moulting, they can have adult plumage at the front and continue to be brown at the rear. They gradually acquire more white in subsequent seasons until they reach maturity after five years, newborn chicks are featherless and are dark blue or black in colour. In the second week of life they are covered in white down, from the fifth week they are covered in dark brown feathers flecked with white.
Their beak is long and conical with a downward curve at the end. The front part has a sharp edge, in adults, the beak is blue-grey with dark grey or black edges. It is brownish in immature birds, the northern gannet’s eyes are large and point forwards, and they have a light blue to light grey iris surrounded by a thin black ring. The four toes of their feet are joined by a membrane that can vary from grey to dark brown. There are yellow lines running along the toes that continue along their legs, the rear toe is strong and faces inwards allowing the birds to firmly grip onto vertical cliff faces. Northern gannets dive vertically into the sea at velocities of up to 100 km/h and they do not have external nostrils and their secondary nostrils can be closed when they are in water
The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the worlds oceans with a total area of about 106,460,000 square kilometres. It covers approximately 20 percent of the Earths surface and about 29 percent of its surface area. It separates the Old World from the New World, the Atlantic Ocean occupies an elongated, S-shaped basin extending longitudinally between Eurasia and Africa to the east, and the Americas to the west. The Equatorial Counter Current subdivides it into the North Atlantic Ocean, in contrast, the term Atlantic originally referred specifically to the Atlas Mountains in Morocco and the sea off the Strait of Gibraltar and the North African coast. The Greek word thalassa has been reused by scientists for the huge Panthalassa ocean that surrounded the supercontinent Pangaea hundreds of years ago. The term Aethiopian Ocean, derived from Ancient Ethiopia, was applied to the Southern Atlantic as late as the mid-19th century, many Irish or British people refer to the United States and Canada as across the pond, and vice versa.
The Black Atlantic refers to the role of ocean in shaping black peoples history. Irish migration to the US is meant when the term The Green Atlantic is used, the term Red Atlantic has been used in reference to the Marxian concept of an Atlantic working class, as well as to the Atlantic experience of indigenous Americans. Correspondingly, the extent and number of oceans and seas varies, the Atlantic Ocean is bounded on the west by North and South America. It connects to the Arctic Ocean through the Denmark Strait, Greenland Sea, Norwegian Sea, to the east, the boundaries of the ocean proper are Europe, the Strait of Gibraltar and Africa. In the southeast, the Atlantic merges into the Indian Ocean, the 20° East meridian, running south from Cape Agulhas to Antarctica defines its border. In the 1953 definition it extends south to Antarctica, while in maps it is bounded at the 60° parallel by the Southern Ocean, the Atlantic has irregular coasts indented by numerous bays and seas. Including these marginal seas the coast line of the Atlantic measures 111,866 km compared to 135,663 km for the Pacific.
Including its marginal seas, the Atlantic covers an area of 106,460,000 km2 or 23. 5% of the ocean and has a volume of 310,410,900 km3 or 23. 3%. Excluding its marginal seas, the Atlantic covers 81,760,000 km2 and has a volume of 305,811,900 km3, the North Atlantic covers 41,490,000 km2 and the South Atlantic 40,270,000 km2. The average depth is 3,646 m and the maximum depth, the bathymetry of the Atlantic is dominated by a submarine mountain range called the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. It runs from 87°N or 300 km south of the North Pole to the subantarctic Bouvet Island at 42°S, the MAR divides the Atlantic longitudinally into two halves, in each of which a series of basins are delimited by secondary, transverse ridges. The MAR reaches above 2000 m along most of its length, the MAR is a barrier for bottom water, but at these two transform faults deep water currents can pass from one side to the other
The northern fulmar, fulmar, or Arctic fulmar is a highly abundant sea bird found primarily in subarctic regions of the North Atlantic and North Pacific oceans. There has been one confirmed sighting in the Southern Hemisphere, with a bird seen south of New Zealand. Fulmars come in one of two morphs, a light one, with white head and body and gray wings and tail. Though similar in appearance to gulls, fulmars are in fact members of the family Procellariidae, the northern fulmar and its sister species, the southern fulmar, are the extant members of the genus Fulmarus. The fulmars are in turn a member of the order Procellariiformes, the bills of Procellariiformes are unique in that they are split into between seven and nine horny plates. One of these makes up the hooked portion of the upper bill. They produce an oil made up of wax esters and triglycerides that is stored in the proventriculus. This can be sprayed out of their mouths as a defense against predators from a early age. It will mat the plumage of avian predators, and can lead to their death, they have a salt gland that is situated above the nasal passage that helps desalinate their bodies, due to the high amount of ocean water that they imbibe.
This gland excretes a high saline solution from their nose, the northern fulmar was first described as Fulmarus glacialis by Carl Linnaeus, in 1761, based on a specimen from within the Arctic Circle, on Spitsbergen. Foul-gull is in reference to its oil and its superficial similarity to seagulls. Finally, glacialis is Latin for glacial because of its northern range. The northern fulmar has a wingspan of 102 to 112 cm and is 46 cm in length, body mass can range from 450 to 1,000 g. This species is gray and white with a yellow, thick and bluish legs. In the Pacific Ocean there is an intermediate morph as well, all morphs have certain similarities, such as only the dark morph has more than dark edges on the underneath, and they all have pale inner primaries on the top of the wings. The Pacific morph has a tail than the Atlantic morph. Like other petrels, their ability is limited, but they are strong fliers. They look bull-necked compared to gulls, and have stubby bills
Biomass, is the mass of living biological organisms in a given area or ecosystem at a given time. Biomass can refer to species biomass, which is the mass of one or more species, or to community biomass and it can include microorganisms, plants or animals. The mass can be expressed as the mass per unit area. How biomass is measured depends on why it is being measured, the biomass is regarded as the natural mass of organisms in situ, just as they are. For example, in a fishery, the salmon biomass might be regarded as the total wet weight the salmon would have if they were taken out of the water. In other contexts, biomass can be measured in terms of the organic mass, so perhaps only 30% of the actual weight might count. For other purposes, only biological tissues count, and teeth, bones, in some applications, biomass is measured as the mass of organically bound carbon that is present. Apart from bacteria, the total biomass on Earth is about 560 billion tonnes C. The total live biomass of bacteria may be as much as that of plants, the total amount of DNA base pairs on Earth, as a possible approximation of global biodiversity, is estimated at 5.0 x 1037, and weighs 50 billion tonnes.
In comparison, the mass of the biosphere has been estimated to be as much as 4 TtC. An ecological pyramid is a representation that shows, for a given ecosystem. A biomass pyramid shows the amount of biomass at each trophic level, a productivity pyramid shows the production or turn-over in biomass at each trophic level. An ecological pyramid provides a snapshot in time of an ecological community, the bottom of the pyramid represents the primary producers. The primary producers take energy from the environment in the form of sunlight or inorganic chemicals and this mechanism is called primary production. The pyramid proceeds through the trophic levels to the apex predators at the top. When energy is transferred from one level to the next. The remaining ninety percent goes to metabolic processes or is dissipated as heat and this energy loss means that productivity pyramids are never inverted, and generally limits food chains to about six levels. However, in oceans, biomass pyramids can be wholly or partially inverted, terrestrial biomass generally decreases markedly at each higher trophic level
The Faroe Islands, spelled the Faeroes, is an archipelago between the Norwegian Sea and the North Atlantic, about halfway between Norway and Iceland,320 kilometres north-northwest of Scotland. Its area is about 1,400 square kilometres with a population of 49,188 in 2016, the Faeroe Islands is an autonomous country within the Danish Realm. The land of the Faeroes is rugged, and these islands have an oceanic climate, wet, cloudy. Despite this island groups northerly latitude, temperatures average above freezing throughout the year because of the Gulf Stream, between 1035 and 1814, the Faeroes were part of the Hereditary Kingdom of Norway. In 1814, the Treaty of Kiel granted Denmark control over the islands, the Faroe Islands have been a self-governing country within the Kingdom of Denmark since 1948. The Faroese have control of most domestic matters, areas that remain the responsibility of Denmark include military defence, the police department, the justice department and foreign affairs. However, as they are not part of the customs area as Denmark, the Faroe Islands have an independent trade policy.
The islands have representation in the Nordic Council as members of the Danish delegation, the people of the Faroe Islands compete as national team in certain sports. In Danish, the name Færøerne may reflect an Old Norse word fær, the morpheme øerne represents a plural of ø in Danish. The Danish name thus translates as the islands of sheep, in Faroese, the name appears as Føroyar. Oyar represents the plural of oy, older Faroese for island, the modern Faeroese word for island is oyggj. In the English language, their name is sometimes spelled Faeroe, archaeological evidence shows settlers living on the Faroe Islands in two successive periods prior to the arrival of the Norse, the first between 400 and 600 and the second between 600 and 800. Scientists from the University of Aberdeen have found early cereal pollen from domesticated plants, archaeologist Mike Church noted that Dicuil mentioned what may have been the Faroes. He suggested that the living there might have been from Ireland, Scotland or Scandinavia.
A Latin account of a made by Brendan, an Irish monastic saint who lived around 484–578. This association, however, is far from conclusive in its description, Dicuil, an Irish monk of the early 9th century, wrote a more definite account. 800, bringing Old West Norse, which evolved into the modern Faroese language, according to Icelandic sagas such as Færeyjar Saga, one of the best known men in the island was Tróndur í Gøtu, a descendant of Scandinavian chiefs who had settled in Dublin, Ireland. Tróndur led the battle against Sigmund Brestursson, the Norwegian monarchy, a traditional name for the islands in Irish, Na Scigirí, possibly refers to the Skeggjar Beards, a nickname given to island dwellers
Vestmannaeyjar is a town and archipelago off the south coast of Iceland. The largest island, has a population of 4,135, the other islands are uninhabited, although six have single hunting cabins. Approximately one fifth of the town was destroyed before the flow was halted by application of 6.8 billion litres of cold sea water. The Vestmannaeyjar archipelago is young in geological terms, the islands lie in the Southern Icelandic Volcanic Zone and have been formed by eruptions over the past 10, 000–12,000 years. The volcanic system consists of 70–80 volcanoes both above and below the sea, total,16.3 square kilometres There are 15 islands, and about 30 rock stacks and skerries. All the islands have built up in submarine eruptions and consist of alternating layers of palagonite tuff. The oldest geological formations are in the part of Heimaey, the largest island. There was a submarine eruption southeast of Hellisey in 1896, the next eruption began on 14 November 1963. It lasted about four years – one of the longest in Icelandic history – and gave birth to Surtsey, in the eruption of 1973 that lasted for 155 days, Heimaey grew by about 2.1 square kilometres.
The Vestmannaeyjar group is about 38 kilometres long and 29 kilometres broad, There is generally very little snow, but a lot of rain. Owing to this microclimate, returning migrant birds are often first seen in the spring, all of Icelands seabirds can be found in Vestmannaeyjar, the guillemot, kittiwake, Iceland gull, and puffin. The puffin is the most plentiful species and is the Vestmannaeyjar emblem, more than 30 species of birds nest in their millions in the cliffs and grassy ledges, and other species make irregular appearances. There are about 150 plant species in the flora of the islands, the waters around the Vestmannaeyjar contain some of the North Atlantics richest fishing grounds. The two main commercially exploited species in Iceland and haddock, are found in abundance in Vestmannaeyjar, other species, such as flat-fish and capelin, are commonly harvested as they migrate through the area in the autumn and winter. Lobsters and ocean perch are found in numbers in the deep water to the southeast of the islands.
Seals, small types of whale and other species are present in large numbers around the islands. It is often very windy in the islands, and the highest wind speed measured in Iceland was recorded in Stórhöfði, the main wind directions are easterly and south-easterly. The islands enjoy the countrys highest average temperature, the Gulf Stream having a strong warming effect
The common murre or common guillemot is a large auk. It is known as the thin-billed murre in North America and it has a circumpolar distribution, occurring in low-Arctic and boreal waters in the North Atlantic and North Pacific. It spends most of its time at sea, only coming to land to breed on rocky shores or islands. Common murres have fast direct flight but are not very agile and they are more manoeuvrable underwater, typically diving to depths of 30–60 m. Depths of up to 180 m have been recorded, common murres breed in colonies at high densities. Nesting pairs may be in contact with their neighbours. They make no nest, their single egg is incubated on a rock ledge on a cliff face. Eggs hatch after ~30 days incubation, the chick is born downy and can regulate its body temperature after 10 days. Some 20 days after hatching the chick leaves its nesting ledge and heads for the sea, unable to fly, chicks are capable of diving as soon as they hit the water. The female stays at the nest site for some 14 days after the chick has left, both male and female common murres moult after breeding and become flightless for 1–2 months.
In southern populations they occasionally return to the nest site throughout the winter, northern populations spend the winter farther from their colonies. The auks are a family of related to the gulls. The common murre is placed in the guillemot genus Uria, which it shares with the thick-billed murre or Brunnichs guillemot and these species, together with the razorbill, little auk and the extinct great auk make up the tribe Alcini. This arrangement was based on analyses of auk morphology and ecology. The binomial name derives from Greek ouriaa, a waterbird mentioned by Athenaeus, the English guillemot is from French guillemot, probably derived from Guillaume, William. Murre is of uncertain origins, but may imitate the call of the common guillemot, the common murre is 38–46 cm in length with a 61–73 cm wingspan. Male and female are indistinguishable in the field and weight ranges between 945 g in the south of their range to 1,044 g in the north, a weight range of 775–1,250 g has been reported.
In breeding plumage, the subspecies is black on the head and wings
Mykines, Faroe Islands
Mykines is the westernmost of the 18 main islands of the Faroe Archipelago. It lies west of 7.5 degrees W, effectively putting it in the UTC-1 region, Mykines uses Greenwich Mean Time like the rest of the Faroes. The only settlement on the island is called Mykines, on the northern side of the island is the valley Korkadalur, where there are great columns of basalt, called the Stone-wood. To the west of Mykines is the 1 km long islet Mykineshólmur, with several sea stacks clustered at its western end, a 40 m long footbridge connects its eastern end with Mykines. Mykines belongs to the oldest part of the Faroe Islands and was formed about 60 million years ago, in the sound between Mykines and Mykineshólmur, one can see one of the most copious such flows on the Faroes, with a depth of about 50 m. Mountain hares have been introduced, and inhabit the mountain area, the Mykines house mouse is endemic for Mykines, and this might suggest an early introduction, maybe as early as in the 6th century by the Irish monks, who cultivated this island.
Its closest relative was the now extinct St Kilda house mouse, large numbers of puffins and gannets inhabit Mykines and Mykineshólmur. On the rocks at the edge there are colonies of cormorants while the eroded tuff layers in the cliffs make perfect nesting ledges for guillemots. On the grassy slopes above the cliffs, thousands of puffins have their burrows. It has been suggested that the name Mykines is pre-Norse in origin, coming from muc-innis and this may be a reference to whales, which are known as muc-mhara in Gaelic. 1953 – the second bridge over Holm Gjogv was built 1970 – flight from Bergen to Vágar Airport crashed in bad weather on Mykines on 26 September, eight of the 34 passengers lost their lives, and the badly wounded were airlifted away by helicopter. A marble memorial was placed in the Church,1970 – Mykines lighthouse was automated and the last man moved from the Holm, which had been occupied continuously from 1909 by a varying population of up to 22 people. Although there are 40 houses in the village, only six are inhabited year-round, earlier Mykines was one of the largest villages in the Faroes, with a population of 170 people in 1940.
From 1911 to 2004 Mykines was a community but in 2005 it merged administratively with Sørvagur kommune. Famous people from Mykines include painter Sámal Joensen-Mikines