Farumgård

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Farumård
Farumgårds hovedbygning set fra søsiden.jpg
Farumgård viewed from Farum Lake
Farumgård is located in Denmark
Farumgård
Farumgård
Location within Denmark
General information
Architectural styleBaroque
LocationFarum, Denmark
CountryDenmark
Coordinates55°48′21.54″N 12°21′38.64″E / 55.8059833°N 12.3607333°E / 55.8059833; 12.3607333
Completed1706
Design and construction
Architect1705 af François Dieussart

Farumgård is a former manor house overlooking Farum Lake at Farum, Furesø Municipality, in the north-western outskirts of Copenhagen, Denmark. It is located just east of Farum Church and the original Farum village; the land has been sold off and redeveloped, except for the 6 hectares park which is laid out in the Baroque style.

History[edit]

The church and the crown[edit]

The first known reference to Farumgård is from 1370 when it was a farm under the Bishop Seat in Roskilde,[1] it was the administrative centre of their possessions around the villages of Farum, Lynge and Lillerød. From 1456 and for the next hundred years, the estate was held in fee by members of the Skovgaard family.

Farumgård was confiscated by the Crown in connection with the Reformation; the king generally put the estate at the disposal of lower-ranked officers and court officials, such as heralds, coachmen and court apothecaries. One of them was in the 16th century granted the necessary means for building a new half-timbered main building.[2]

Changing owners[edit]

In 1666, King Frederick III parted with the property when he ceded it to Hans Svane, who had laboured for the introduction of the hereditary monarchy in 1660, a favour he had already been generously rewarded for with appointments, titles and several other estates. Svane died just two years after he was granted Farumgaard and after that the estate changed hands numerous times.

20th century[edit]

Farumgård in 1860

Most of the land was sold off in lots in 1906. In 1910 the house and remaining land was acquired by Elisabeth Mozart Jensen, a wealthy widow, who owned it until her death in 1932; the property was then purchased by the German St. Ursula Sisters who ran it as a recovery home until 1960. In 1965 it passed back into private ownership and has remained in the same family since then.

Ongoing legal battle[edit]

From 1949 the gardens and lakeside path of Farumgård were open to public pedestrian access; this changed in to 2017 when, after an alleged altercation between a cyclist and a gardener, the owner Kresten Andersen Bergsøe blocked public access to the grounds of the property[3]. This prompted the local council to report the owner to police for violating conservation and access laws, after which followed a public prosecution of the owner. In June 2018 the municipal court in Lyngby ruled in favour of the owner, on the grounds that the original 1949 agreement allowed him to block access on grounds of significant inconvienence; the local council and public prosecutor decided in July 2018 to appeal this decision to a higher court[4].

Architecture[edit]

The current main building was completed in 1705, it was designed in 1705 by François Dieussart who was at the same time working on Sorgenfri House. It is a three-winged Rococo-style building.

Park[edit]

The park covers 6 hectares and was in 1913 returned to its former Baroque style by Elisabeth Mozart Jensen who owned Farumgaard from 1910 until 1932; the park was protected in 1965 and is considered one of the finest examples of Danish Baroque gardens.

List of owners[edit]

  • (1370-1536) Roskilde Bispestol
  • (1536-1666) Kronen
  • (1666-1668) Hans Svane
  • (1668-1675) Frederik Vittinghoff Scheel
  • (1675-1693) Adam Levin Knuth
  • (1693-1704) Povl Vinding
  • (1704-1716) Jens Rostgaard
  • (1716-1741) Else Iversdatter, gift Rostgaard
  • (1741-1743) Johan Lorentz Carstens
  • (1743-1759) Søren Jensen Elsegaard
  • (1759) Johan Piper
  • (1759-1768) Christian Ditlev Reventlow
  • (1768-1774) Frederik von der Maase
  • (1774-1776) Sophie Henriette von der Maase née Moltke
  • (1776-1782) Andreas Hauch
  • (1782-1785) Charles Selby
  • (1785) Søren Kierulff
  • (1785-1788) Bertel Nielsen Bøgvad
  • (1788) Inger Münster, gift Bøgvad
  • (1788-1790) Jens Clementsen
  • (1790-1792) Carl Wilhelm Bang
  • (1792-1798) Jens Lowson
  • (1798-1806) Jacob Rosted
  • (1806-1829) Peder de Svanenskiold
  • (1829-1830) Arvingerne til Peder de Svanenskiold
  • (1830-1840) Frederik Frederiksen
  • (1840-1842) Ernst Bilsted
  • (1842-1871) Johan Henrik Fensmark
  • (1871-1882) Thalia Dorothea Louise Holck, gift Fensmark
  • (1882-1886) Ole Frederik Ernst Fensmark
  • (1886-1889) Jakob Frederik Scavenius
  • (1889-1891) Per Scavenius
  • (1891-1906) Einar Sehested
  • (1906-1910) Udstykningsselskabet A/S Farumgaard
  • (1910-1932) Elisabeth Mozart Jensen
  • (1932- ) St. Ursula Stiftelse
  • (1965-2002) Finn Riis-Hansen
  • (1965-2002) Ruth Kongshaug Henriksen, gift 1) Andersen, 2) Riis-Hansen
  • (2002-2003) Anne Mette Andersen, gift Bergsøe
  • (2003–present) Kresten Andersen Bergsøe

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Farumgaard" (in Danish). Gyldendal. Retrieved 2012-09-26.
  2. ^ "Farumgård" (in Danish). Foreningen Naturparkens Venner. Retrieved 2012-09-26.[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ https://www.tv2lorry.dk/artikel/herregaard-lukkede-portene-efter-vold-nu-ender-sagen-i-retten
  4. ^ http://www.furesoe.dk/Nyheder/2018/Juli/FarumgaardAnke

External links[edit]