Fatimah bint Muhammad known as Fāṭimah al-Zahrāʾ, was the youngest daughter of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and Khadijah, according to Sunni Muslims, but according to Shia Muslims, their only child who lived to adulthood, therefore part of Muhammad's household. Her husband was Ali, the last of the Rightly Guided Caliphs and the first Shia Imam, her children include Hasan and Husayn, the second and third Imams, respectively, she is respected and venerated by Muslims, as she was the child closest to her father and supported him in his difficulties, was the supporter and caretaker of her own husband and children, was the only child of Muhammad to have male children live beyond childhood, whose descendants are spread throughout the Islamic world and are known as Sayyids. Fatimah is a vital character in Islam and her name is one of the most popular for girls throughout the Muslim world. However, there is controversy between different sects regarding her political role. Fatimah is given many titles by Muslims to show their admiration of her moral and physical characteristics.
The most used title is "al-Zahra", meaning "the shining one", she is referred to as Fatimah Zahra. She was known as "al-Batūl" as she spent much of her time in prayer, reciting the Qur'an and in other acts of worship. Besides, amongst 125 famous veneration titles, she has been honored with the title of Umm-ul-Aaima. Umm Abihā or Am-o-Abihā Umm al-Ḥasanayn Umm al-Ḥasan Umm al-Ḥusayn Umm al-Āʾimah. Moreover, there are many Shia narrations which have been stated from their Imams about the names and titles of Fatima. For instance, Imam al-Sadiq says: Fatima has nine names from God: 1-Fāṭima, 2-al-Ṣiddīqah, 3-al-Mubārakah, 4-al-Ṭāhirah, 5-al-Zakiyyah, 6-al-Raḍiyyah, 7-al-Marḍiyyah, 8-al-Muḥaddithah, 9-al-Zahrah. Fatimah was born in Mecca to the first of Muhammad's wives. There are differences of opinion on the exact date of her birth, but the accepted view is that she was born five years before the first Quranic revelations, during the time of the rebuilding of the Kaaba in 605, although this does imply she was over 18 at the time of her marriage, unusual in Arabia.
Twelver Shia sources, state that she was born either two or five years after the first Qur'anic revelations, but that timeline would imply her mother was over fifty at the time of her birth, according to Sunni sources. According to Sunni authors like Al-Tabari and Ibn Hajar al-‘Asqalani, she was born when Muhammad was thirty-five years old. Fatimah had three sisters named Zaynab bint Muhammad, Umm Kulthum bint Muhammad, Ruqayyah bint Muhammad, she had three brothers named Qasim ibn Muhammad, Abd-Allah ibn Muhammad, Ibrahim ibn Muhammad, all of whom died in childhood. While Sunnis believe Zainab and Umm Kulthum to be the other daughters of Muhammad, Shias believe that they were the daughters of Hala, the sister of Khadijah, who were adopted by Muhammad and Khadijah at her death. A reason given by the Shia scholars for this belief is the hadith on the event of Mubahalah, in which there is no reference to the presence of any other female apart from Fatimah. Following the birth of Fatimah, she was brought up by her father.
She spent her early youth under the care of her parents in Mecca in the shadow of the tribulations suffered by her father at the hands of the Quraysh. Evoking the caring nature of Fatima is the account of when Muhammad, as he was performing the salat in the Kaaba, had camel placenta poured over him by Amr ibn Hishām and his men. Fatimah, upon hearing the news, rushed to her father and wiped away the filth while scolding the men. At the death of her mother, Fatimah was overcome by sorrow and found it difficult to cope with it. To console her, her father informed her about having received word from the angel Jibril that God had built for her a palace in paradise. Many of Muhammad's companions asked for Fatimah's hand including Abu Bakr and Umar. Muhammad turned them all down. Ali, Muhammad's cousin had a desire to marry Fatimah; when he went to see Muhammad, he remained silent. Muhammad understood the reason for his being there and prompted Ali to confirm that he had come to seek Fatimah in marriage.
He suggested that Ali had a shield, which if sold, would provide sufficient money to pay the bridal gift. Muhammad put forward the proposal from Ali to Fatimah, who remained silent and did not reject the proposal. Muhammad took this to be a sign of consent; the actual date of the marriage is unclear, but it most took place in 623, the second year of the hijra, although some sources say it was in 622. The age of Fatimah is reported to have been 9 or 19 at the time of her marriage while Ali was between 21 and 25. Muhammad told Ali that he had been ordered by God to give his daughter Fatimah to Ali in marriag
The Texas State Guard Commanding General's Individual Award is the tenth highest military decoration that can be conferred to a service member of the Texas Military Forces. Subsequent decorations are conferred by a bronze or silver twig of four oak leaves with three acorns on the stem device; the Commanding General's Individual Award may be conferred to any service member of the Texas State Guard by the Commanding General at any Texas State Guard function or activity for exceptional performance, but of a lesser degree than required for award of a higher decoration. The decoration may be conferred by the Commanding General impromptu or through recommendation by unit commanders. Unknown The Texas State Guard Commanding General's Individual Award is a service ribbon consisting of 2 alternating colors of green and orange in varying width stripes. A bronze twig of four oak leaves with three acorns on the stem device, ¼ of an inch in length, is conferred for second and succeeding decorations. A silver leaf is worn in lieu of five bronze leaves.
Silver leaves are worn to the wearer's right of a bronze leaf. Awards and decorations of the Texas Military Awards and decorations of the Texas governmentTexas Military Forces Texas Military Department List of conflicts involving the Texas Military Texas State Guard Commanding General's Individual Award
Jonathan Fire*Eater was an American, New York City-based indie rock band from Washington, D. C. United States; the line-up was Stewart Lupton, Tom Frank, Paul Maroon, Matt Barrick, Walter Martin. After the band's break-up, Maroon and Martin went on to form The Walkmen. Jonathan Fire*Eater was formed from a childhood band called The Ignobles. All the members of Jonathan Fire*Eater attended high school at the D. C. private school St. Albans School. Lupton and Barrick formed the Ignobles in junior high school. Maroon joined as Ryan Cheney signed on as the vocalist. Lupton played bass. In 1993, the members went to college in New York City, Jonathan Fire*Eater was formed with Cheney departing and joining The Cunning Runts and Lupton taking over vocal duties. St. Albans alum Tom Frank joined as a new bassist. In 1995, they released their eponymous debut on Tucson, Arizona's Third World Underground Records, which featured "Christmastime, Halloween", "To The Tigers", other tracks; that year, a self-titled EP on PCP established their reputation with the frenetic tracks "The Public Hanging of a Movie Star" and "When Prince Was a Kid".
In 1996, the five-song mini-album Tremble Under Boom Lights was released by the Medicine label, featuring well-produced offers such as "The Search for Cherry Red" and "Give Me Daughters". Reviews were positive, with AllMusic describing Tremble as "a ferocious record" despite its "minor flaws." By this time, the band was receiving industry attention. They were opened for Brit Pop stars Pulp and Blur; as Lupton said in a 1996 New York Times Magazine profile, "Right now the record companies are sort of circling like vultures."In early 1997, Jonathan Fire*Eater signed with David Geffen's nascent DreamWorks music label. Their major label debut, Wolf Songs for Lambs, was released by DreamWorks in 1997 to tepid critical response. Not long after the album's release, tensions between Lupton and the other members and a general wariness of mainstream success led to the band's breakup, they played their last show at the Central Park bandshell on July 28, 1998. Jonathan Fire*Eater was once called "possibly the most hyped young group that nobody has heard of".
Maroon and Martin went on to form The Walkmen and Lupton has pursued his music career through his band The Childballads, who put out their debut album in January 2007. The latter has toured with the Kills. In 2009, he released an EP in a new band, The Beatin's, which he formed with Carole Wagner Greenwood. Titled A Little Give And Take, the limited edition vinyl included Lupton's poetry and the duo's art and writing. Tom Frank pursued a career in journalism as T. A. Frank. Stewart Lupton died on May 27, 2018 at the age of 43. In addition to being a precursor to the Walkmen, Jonathan Fire*Eater has been cited as an influence by many of the early New York City-based groups of the post-punk revival, including Interpol and the Yeah Yeah Yeahs, comparisons were drawn between the band and the Strokes; the Kills considered part of the post-punk revival, covered "The Search for Cherry Red". Jonathan Fire*Eater Wolf Songs for Lambs Jonathan Fire*Eater, aka The Public Hanging of a Movie Star "Give Me Daughters" Tremble Under Boom Lights "When the Curtain Calls You" "These Little Monkeys" "No Love Like That"