U.S. Route 18
U. S. Route 18 is an east–west U. S. highway in the Midwestern United States. The western terminus is in Orin, Wyoming at an interchange with Interstate 25, its eastern terminus is in downtown Wisconsin. However, US 18 runs concurrent with other U. S. routes from its western terminus to Wyoming. US 18 is one of the original United States highways of 1926; the US 18 designation was proposed for a road in Michigan from Grand Haven east to Detroit. This roadway was designated as U. S. Route 16. In Wyoming, US 18 runs concurrent with U. S. Route 20 from Interstate 25 to Lusk, where US 18 branches off to run concurrently with U. S. Route 85. At the unincorporated community of Mule Creek Junction in northeastern Niobrara County, US 18 leaves US 85; this ten-mile stretch from US 85 to the South Dakota border is the only segment of US 18 in Wyoming, not co-signed with another highway. U. S. 18 enters South Dakota west of Edgemont. It passes through Hot Springs, the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, the Rosebud Indian Reservation and Gregory before crossing the Missouri River near Pickstown over the Fort Randall Dam.
East of the Missouri River, U. S. 18 passes through Lake Andes and Tripp before a brief concurrency with Interstate 29 near Worthing. East of I-29, U. S. 18 passes through Canton before crossing the Big Sioux River into Iowa. The Oyate Trail is one of the names given to the section of US-18 traveling across South Dakota from I-29 east of Vermillion to Maverick Junction. Named in an attempt to encourage more tourism traffic through the lands of various AmerInd tribes in southern South Dakota, it passes through or near the Yankton Sioux Indian Reservation, the Rosebud Indian Reservation, the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, crossing the James River Valley, the Missouri River near Fort Randall Dam, portions of Pine Ridge, the High Plains of South Dakota, connecting the urban areas of the middle Missouri River with the Black Hills. Portions of the road were known as the Grant Highway, Black Hills Sioux Trail, as part of the Omaha and Black Hills Highway and the Custer Battlefield Trail. Towns along the road include Gregory, Olivet, Martin and Pine Ridge.
Nearby towns and locales of interest include Rosebud, Wounded Knee. The South Dakota section of U. S. 18, other than the concurrency with Interstate 29, is defined at South Dakota Codified Laws § 31-4-141. U. S. 18 enters Iowa via a Big Sioux River crossing northeast of Beloit. It overlaps U. S. Route 75 for a mile near Hull and U. S. Route 59 for a mile near Sanborn, it overlaps U. S. Route 71 through Spencer. U. S. 18 passes through Emmetsburg before intersecting U. S. Route 169 at Algona. U. S. 18 continues east through Garner before intersecting Interstate 35 in Clear Lake. After a brief concurrency with I-35, U. S. 18 continues as a freeway bypassing Mason City to the south. At Charles City, U. S. 18 becomes a rural two-lane highway again, except for a brief concurrency with the U. S. Route 63 bypass of New Hampton. After passing through West Union, it turns northeast and joins U. S. Route 52 at Postville leaving 52 about 7 miles east of Monona before crossing the Mississippi River into Wisconsin via the Marquette–Joliet Bridge in the city of Marquette.
U. S. 18 is the designated route of the Avenue of the Saints between Charles City. Upon entry into Wisconsin at Prairie du Chien, US 18 is the terminus for WIS 60; the two routes are concurrent until Bridgeport where WIS 60 splits off to the east and US 18 crosses the Wisconsin River and turns east on the other side. The route joins the US 151 expressway in Dodgeville and the two remain concurrent east to Madison. US 18 follows US 12 south of Madison and passes through or around Cambridge and Waukesha before terminating in Milwaukee at the junction of East Michigan Street and Lincoln Memorial Drive in downtown. Wyoming I‑25 / US 20 / US 26 / US 87 in Orin. US 18/US 20 travel concurrently to Lusk. US 85 in Lusk; the highways travel concurrently to the northeastern part of Niobrara County. South Dakota US 385 in Hot Springs; the highways travel concurrently to Oelrichs. US 83 west of Mission; the highways travel concurrently to Mission. US 183 southeast of Witten; the highways travel concurrently to Colome.
US 281 east-southeast of Fairfax. The highways travel concurrently to south of Armour. US 81 east of Menno I‑29 south-southwest of Worthing; the highways travel concurrently for 3.02 miles. Iowa US 75 in Lincoln Township; the highways travel concurrently through the township. US 59 in Sanborn; the highways travel concurrently to Franklin Township. US 71 in Spencer; the highways travel concurrently through the city. US 169 in Algona US 69 in Garfield Township; the highways travel concurrently to Garner. I‑35 in Clear Lake; the highways travel concurrently to Lake Township. US 65 in Mason City US 218 in Floyd; the highways travel concurrently to Charles City. US 63 in New Hampton; the highways travel concurrently to Dresden Township. US 52 in Post Township; the highways travel concurrently to Giard Township. Wisconsin US 61 in Fennimore; the highways travel concurrently through the city. US 151 east of Dodgeville; the highways travel concurrently to Madison. US 12 / US 14 in Madison. US 12/US 18 travel concurrently to Cambridge.
US 14/US 18 travel concurrently through Madison. US 51 in Madison I‑39 / I‑90 in Madison I‑94 northeast of Waukesha Michigan Street/Lincoln Memorial Drive in Milwaukee U. S. Route 18 Bypass in Hot Springs, South Dakota U. S. Route 18 Business in Mason City, Iowa U. S. Route 18 Business in Marquette and McGregor, I
Iowa's 1st congressional district
Iowa's 1st congressional district is a congressional district in the U. S. state of Iowa that covers its northeastern part. The district includes the cities of Cedar Rapids and Waterloo. Democrat Abby Finkenauer is the current U. S. Representative. On June 22, 2001, the Iowa General Assembly passed a redistricting plan; the plan went into effect in 2002 for the 108th United States Congress. The prior redistricting plan was effective from 1992 to 2001. Election results from presidential races: NOTE: James Hill ran on the Pirate Party platform on the ballot; as of January 2019, five former members of the U. S. House of Representatives from Iowa's 1st congressional district are alive. Iowa's congressional districts List of United States congressional districts Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present
Black Hawk County, Iowa
Black Hawk County is a county in the northeastern part of U. S. state of Iowa. As of the 2010 census, the population was 131,090; the county seat is Waterloo. Black Hawk County is part of IA Metropolitan Statistical Area. Black Hawk County was formed on February 1853 from sections of Buchanan County, it was named after a Sauk leader during the 1832 Black Hawk War. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 573 square miles, of which 566 square miles is land and 6.9 square miles is water. The Cedar River divides the county in half from the northwest to the southeast corner; the land is level since much of it is on the river's flood plain. Bremer County Buchanan County Benton County Tama County Grundy County Butler County Fayette County The 2010 census recorded a population of 131,090 in the county, with a population density of 231.20/sq mi. There were 55,887 housing units; as of the census of 2000, there were 128,012 people, 49,683 households, 31,946 families residing in the county.
The population density was 226 people per square mile. There were 51,759 housing units at an average density of 91 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 88.42% White, 7.95% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.98% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.93% from other races, 1.49% from two or more races. 1.84% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 49,683 households out of which 29.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.20% were married couples living together, 10.80% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.70% were non-families. 27.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.97. Age spread: 23.10% under the age of 18, 15.70% from 18 to 24, 25.20% from 25 to 44, 22.00% from 45 to 64, 14.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.30 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.80 males. The median income for a household in the county was $37,266, the median income for a family was $47,398. Males had a median income of $33,138 versus $23,394 for females; the per capita income for the county was $18,885. About 7.90% of families and 13.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.40% of those under age 18 and 8.90% of those age 65 or over. Washburn Blessing Dewar Eagle Center Finchford Glasgow Voorhies Black Hawk County is divided into seventeen townships: The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Black Hawk County.† county seat National Register of Historic Places listings in Black Hawk County, Iowa Black Hawk County government's website
Iowa Highway 93
Iowa Highway 93 is a state highway that runs from east to west through two counties in northeastern Iowa. Iowa 93 is 29.55 miles long. The eastern terminus of Iowa 93 is at its junction with Iowa Highway 150 in Fayette; the western terminus of Iowa 93 is at an intersection with U. S. Route 63 4 miles west of Tripoli. Iowa Highway 93 begins at U. S. Route 63 four miles west of Tripoli, entering on 7th Avenue. At Tripoli, Highway 93 turns north onto heads through the heart of town. North of Tripoli, Iowa 93 travels a 2-mile stretch of highway, crossing the Wapsipinicon River before curving to the northeast and to the east. Once again heading east, Iowa 93 travels 7 miles to Sumner. East of Sumner, Iowa 93 journeys east through Fayette County for 15 miles until it ends at Iowa Highway 150 at Fayette. By 1926, Primary Road No. 93 had been designated between Primary Road No. 59, now U. S. Route 63, Sumner. By 1952, Iowa 93 was paved in Fayette County; the portion in Bremer County was paved in 1955. End of Iowa 93 at Iowa Highway Ends
Delaware County, Iowa
Delaware County is a county located in the U. S. state of Iowa. As of the 2010 census, the population was 17,764; the county seat is Manchester. The county was named in honor of Delaware. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 579 square miles, of which 578 square miles is land and 1.2 square miles is water. It has a rough hilly surface. U. S. Highway 20 Iowa Highway 3 Iowa Highway 13 Iowa Highway 38 Buchanan County Clayton County Dubuque County Fayette County Jones County Linn County The 2010 census recorded a population of 17,764 in the county, with a population density of 30.7415/sq mi. There were 8,028 housing units, of which 7,062 were occupied; as of the census of 2000, there were 18,404 people, 6,834 households, 5,029 families residing in the county. The population density was 32 people per square mile. There were 7,682 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 99.28% White, 0.07% Black or African American, 0.10% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.10% from other races, 0.30% from two or more races.
0.66% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 6,834 households out of which 36.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.10% were married couples living together, 6.20% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.40% were non-families. 23.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.20% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.15. In the county, the population was spread out with 29.00% under the age of 18, 7.00% from 18 to 24, 27.60% from 25 to 44, 21.50% from 45 to 64, 15.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 98.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.60 males. The median income for a household in the county was $37,168, the median income for a family was $43,607. Males had a median income of $30,712 versus $19,685 for females; the per capita income for the county was $17,327.
About 6.30% of families and 7.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.50% of those under age 18 and 9.80% of those age 65 or over. Delaware County is divided into these townships: The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Delaware County.† county seat National Register of Historic Places listings in Delaware County, Iowa County website
2010 United States Census
The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010; the census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired; the population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000; as required by the United States Constitution, the U. S. census has been conducted every 10 years since 1790. The 2000 U. S. Census was the previous census completed. Participation in the U. S. Census is required by law in Title 13 of the United States Code. On January 25, 2010, Census Bureau Director Robert Groves inaugurated the 2010 Census enumeration by counting World War II veteran Clifton Jackson, a resident of Noorvik, Alaska.
More than 120 million census forms were delivered by the U. S. Post Office beginning March 15, 2010; the number of forms mailed out or hand-delivered by the Census Bureau was 134 million on April 1, 2010. Although the questionnaire used April 1, 2010 as the reference date as to where a person was living, an insert dated March 15, 2010 included the following printed in bold type: "Please complete and mail back the enclosed census form today." The 2010 Census national mail participation rate was 74%. From April through July 2010, census takers visited households that did not return a form, an operation called "non-response follow-up". In December 2010, the U. S. Census Bureau delivered population information to the U. S. President for apportionment, in March 2011, complete redistricting data was delivered to states. Identifiable information will be available in 2082; the Census Bureau did not use a long form for the 2010 Census. In several previous censuses, one in six households received this long form, which asked for detailed social and economic information.
The 2010 Census used only a short form asking ten basic questions: How many people were living or staying in this house, apartment, or mobile home on April 1, 2010? Were there any additional people staying here on April 1, 2010 that you did not include in Question 1? Mark all that apply: Is this house, apartment, or mobile home – What is your telephone number? What is Person 1's name? What is Person 1's sex? What is Person 1's age and Person 1's date of birth? Is Person 1 of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin? What is Person 1's race? Does Person 1 sometimes live or stay somewhere else? The form included space to repeat all of these questions for up to twelve residents total. In contrast to the 2000 census, an Internet response option was not offered, nor was the form available for download. Detailed socioeconomic information collected during past censuses will continue to be collected through the American Community Survey; the survey provides data about communities in the United States on a 1-year or 3-year cycle, depending on the size of the community, rather than once every 10 years.
A small percentage of the population on a rotating basis will receive the survey each year, no household will receive it more than once every five years. In June 2009, the U. S. Census Bureau announced. However, the final form did not contain a separate "same-sex married couple" option; when noting the relationship between household members, same-sex couples who are married could mark their spouses as being "Husband or wife", the same response given by opposite-sex married couples. An "unmarried partner" option was available for couples; the 2010 census cost $13 billion $42 per capita. Operational costs were $5.4 billion under the $7 billion budget. In December 2010 the Government Accountability Office noted that the cost of conducting the census has doubled each decade since 1970. In a detailed 2004 report to Congress, the GAO called on the Census Bureau to address cost and design issues, at that time, had estimated the 2010 Census cost to be $11 billion. In August 2010, Commerce Secretary Gary Locke announced that the census operational costs came in under budget.
Locke credited the management practices of Census Bureau director Robert Groves, citing in particular the decision to buy additional advertising in locations where responses lagged, which improved the overall response rate. The agency has begun to rely more on questioning neighbors or other reliable third parties when a person could not be reached at home, which reduced the cost of follow-up visits. Census data for about 22% of U. S. househol
Buchanan County, Iowa
Buchanan County is a county located in the U. S. state of Iowa. As of the 2010 census, the population was 20,958, its county seat is Independence. The county was created in 1837 and was named in honor of Senator James Buchanan, the 15th President of the United States. Buchanan County was formed on December 1837 from parts of Dubuque County, it was named after future US president James Buchanan. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 573 square miles, of which 571 square miles is land and 2.1 square miles is water. Interstate 380 U. S. Route 20 Iowa Highway 27 Iowa Highway 150 Iowa Highway 187 Iowa Highway 281 Clayton County Fayette County Delaware County Linn County Benton County Black Hawk County Bremer County The 2010 census recorded a population of 20,958 in the county, with a population density of 36.70/sq mi. There were 8,968 housing units, of which 8,161 were occupied; as of the census of 2000, there were 21,093 people, 7,933 households, 5,672 families residing in the county.
The population density was 37 people per square mile. There were 8,697 housing units at an average density of 15 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 98.41% White, 0.27% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.16% from other races, 0.54% from two or more races. 0.62% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 7,933 households out of which 34.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.70% were married couples living together, 7.40% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.50% were non-families. 24.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.50% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.13. In the county, the population was spread out with 28.60% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 26.30% from 25 to 44, 22.50% from 45 to 64, 14.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 98.70 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.40 males. The median income for a household in the county was $38,036, the median income for a family was $45,421. Males had a median income of $30,212 versus $22,356 for females; the per capita income for the county was $18,405. About 6.80% of families and 9.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.90% of those under age 18 and 7.60% of those age 65 or over. A number of historic communities in Buchanan County once appeared on state maps, but no longer exist. Hamerville was located east of Brandon at the intersection of Highway 150. Today, the site is the location of three farmhouses. Vista, once located between Brandon and Independence, appeared on maps until the 1950s; this site is not accessed by paved road. Kier, between Fairbank and Littleton, appeared on many maps in the 19th century and early 20th century; the area is now settled by Amish. Several towns named Middlefield existed southeast of Winthrop. Newtonville was located a few miles south of Monti.
The houses at Castleville were moved to Aurora. Wise, once located between Independence and Jesup just north of Highway 939, was a train-stop between the 1920s and the 1950s. Little remains at the site. Kiene was founded in 1911 between Quasqueton and Monti, but was empty by 1955. Few or no houses remain at any of these sites. Buchanan County is divided into sixteen townships: The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Buchanan County.† county seat Buchanan County is home to the Hazleton Old Order Amish settlement, founded in 1914, that in 1987 had to six church districts with an estimated population of about 1,200 Amish. The Buchanan Amish affiliation is named after Buchanan County. National Register of Historic Places listings in Buchanan County, Iowa Website for Buchanan County Buchanan County Economic Development Commission's website