1800 United States Census
The United States Census of 1800 was the second Census conducted in the United States. It was conducted on August 4, 1800, it showed. The 1800 Census included the new District of Columbia; the census for the following states were lost: Georgia, New Jersey and Virginia. This would be the last census; the 1800 census asks the following information in columns, left to right: This census is one of the several for which some of the original data are no longer available. Original census returns for Georgia, Mississippi, New Jersey and Virginia were lost over the years. No microdata from the 1800 population census are available, but aggregate data for small areas, together with compatible cartographic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. ^ a: At the time of the 1800 Census, the territory donated to form the District of Columbia was still being administered by the states of Maryland and Virginia. The state of Maryland included the population of the District under its control within its own return.
The population of the District of Columbia within Maryland was 8,144 persons, including 5,672 whites, 400 free blacks, 2,472 enslaved persons.^ b: Persons 766 added to the particular items of this return.^ c: This return has been received since the communication of the above Aggregate to Congress.^ d: This return has been since received, is stated by the Marshal to be more correct than the first. Historic US Census data 1800 Census: 1800 United States Census for Genealogy & Family History Research
Interstate 64 in Kentucky
In the U. S. state of Kentucky, Interstate 64 travels for 191 miles, passing by the major towns and cities of Louisville, Frankfort and Ashland. It has several major junctions within the state: Interstate 65, Interstate 71, Interstate 264 and Interstate 265 in Louisville, Interstate 75 in Lexington; the interstate is host to two "exceptionally significant" structures indicated by the Federal Highway Administration. One is the Cochran Hill Tunnel, a twin tube at Cherokee Park in Louisville built in 1974, the other is a 1960s-era modern-styled rest area near Winchester. In Downtown Louisville, the interstate passes under a public plaza called the Riverfront Plaza/Belvedere, one of the only structures in the state built on top of an interstate. Between the Indiana state line and Lexington, the interstate is named the Daniel Boone Expressway; the entire length of I-64 in Kentucky has been designated as a portion of the Purple Heart Trail. The Cochran Hill Tunnel in Louisville known as the Cherokee Park Tunnel, underwent restoration in 2001, which involved the reconstruction of the concrete pavement, the installation of new tiles and improvements to lighting.
Efforts were made to paint the interior tiles of the tunnel with a mural, but were dropped because opponents stated that drivers would become distracted while passing through the tunnel and viewing the art work at the same time. The tunnels, which opened in 1974, are one of three sites in Kentucky deemed "exceptionally significant" by the Federal Highway Administration; the designation meant that it will be difficult for the stretch of interstate running through Cherokee Park to be widened. Construction began on a Kentucky Route 180 interchange improvement project in the summer of 2006; the $34 million project entailed the rebuilding of six bridges, the widening of Kentucky Route 180 to four-lanes in the vicinity of the interchange and the conversion of the ramps into a diamond. The project was finished in the fall of 2008. In March 2007, Governor Ernie Fletcher signed Senate Bill 83 which allowed for an increase in speed limits on rural interstates and parkways. Speed limits on rural sections of Interstate 64 were increased from 65 MPH to 70 mph, following an engineering study by the Kentucky Transportation Cabinet.
New signage was installed in JulyOn June 7, 2007, Interstate 64 between the junction of Interstate 264 and Interstate 65 and Interstate 71 in downtown Louisville was closed to through traffic. The section of highway featured three-lanes of traffic in each direction on an elevated viaduct paralleling the Ohio River, carrying 90,000 vehicles-per-day; the closure was part of a $50 million refurbishment project that involved replacing 132 expansion joints and repaving more than four-miles of interstate and interchanges. The work was completed in two phases, starting with the entire project area being closed on three weekends in June, followed by a section of highway closed from 3rd to 22nd Streets in early July to early August. However, the Interstate was not finished because of the section between Lexington; the state could not attain the right of way here because of famous horse parks northwest of Lexington. After a couple of tries to get the right of way, the state was able to get the right of way and began construction on this segment.
It was the last segment of Interstate 64 to be completed in Kentucky. Controversially, I-64 runs through Louisville Waterfront Park, a key part of the revitalization of Downtown Louisville, portions of the park exist under it. 8664.org, a grassroots campaign with popular support but little apparent political momentum, aimed to re-route and remove I-64 to enhance Louisville's waterfront. I-64 through Louisville would be re-signed as I-364. I-64 was to be widened over the park as a part of the Ohio River Bridges Project, but plans to widen the freeway over the park were abandoned to reduce costs of the Ohio River Bridges Project. Interstate 264 Interstate 264 is an inner loop route in Metro Louisville. Signed as the Georgia Davis Powers Shawnee Expressway between its western terminus at I-64 in Shawnee and US 31W/US 60 in Shively, as the Watterson Expressway from US 31W/US 60 to its northeastern terminus at I-71 in Glenview Manor. Along the way, it provides access to Louisville International Airport at its junction with I-65.
Interstate 464 Interstate 464 was proposed as current Kentucky Route 4. 3/4 of the entire route was built, but the missing sections were North and East of Lexington where I-464 would run to I-64/I-75 run concurrent with I-64/I-75 southeast to meet up with its eastern section. It is signed as KY 4, but more known as New Circle Road. Roads in Louisville, Kentucky
Coordinated Universal Time
Coordinated Universal Time is the primary time standard by which the world regulates clocks and time. It is within about 1 second of mean solar time at 0° longitude, is not adjusted for daylight saving time. In some countries where English is spoken, the term Greenwich Mean Time is used as a synonym for UTC and predates UTC by nearly 300 years; the first Coordinated Universal Time was informally adopted on 1 January 1960 and was first adopted as CCIR Recommendation 374, Standard-Frequency and Time-Signal Emissions, in 1963, but the official abbreviation of UTC and the official English name of Coordinated Universal Time were not adopted until 1967. The system has been adjusted several times, including a brief period where time coordination radio signals broadcast both UTC and "Stepped Atomic Time" before a new UTC was adopted in 1970 and implemented in 1972; this change adopted leap seconds to simplify future adjustments. This CCIR Recommendation 460 "stated that carrier frequencies and time intervals should be maintained constant and should correspond to the definition of the SI second.
A decision whether to remove them altogether has been deferred until 2023. The current version of UTC is defined by International Telecommunications Union Recommendation, Standard-frequency and time-signal emissions, is based on International Atomic Time with leap seconds added at irregular intervals to compensate for the slowing of the Earth's rotation. Leap seconds are inserted as necessary to keep UTC within 0.9 seconds of the UT1 variant of universal time. See the "Current number of leap seconds" section for the number of leap seconds inserted to date; the official abbreviation for Coordinated Universal Time is UTC. This abbreviation arose from a desire by the International Telecommunication Union and the International Astronomical Union to use the same abbreviation in all languages. English speakers proposed CUT, while French speakers proposed TUC; the compromise that emerged was UTC, which conforms to the pattern for the abbreviations of the variants of Universal Time. Time zones around the world are expressed using positive or negative offsets from UTC, as in the list of time zones by UTC offset.
The westernmost time zone uses UTC−12, being twelve hours behind UTC. In 1995, the island nation of Kiribati moved those of its atolls in the Line Islands from UTC−10 to UTC+14 so that Kiribati would all be on the same day. UTC is used in many World Wide Web standards; the Network Time Protocol, designed to synchronise the clocks of computers over the Internet, transmits time information from the UTC system. If only milliseconds precision is needed, clients can obtain the current UTC from a number of official internet UTC servers. For sub-microsecond precision, clients can obtain the time from satellite signals. UTC is the time standard used in aviation, e.g. for flight plans and air traffic control clearances. Weather forecasts and maps all use UTC to avoid confusion about daylight saving time; the International Space Station uses UTC as a time standard. Amateur radio operators schedule their radio contacts in UTC, because transmissions on some frequencies can be picked up in many time zones. UTC is used in digital tachographs used on large goods vehicles under EU and AETR rules.
UTC divides time into days, hours and seconds. Days are conventionally identified using the Gregorian calendar, but Julian day numbers can be used; each day contains each hour contains 60 minutes. The number of seconds in a minute is 60, but with an occasional leap second, it may be 61 or 59 instead. Thus, in the UTC time scale, the second and all smaller time units are of constant duration, but the minute and all larger time units are of variable duration. Decisions to introduce a leap second are announced at least six months in advance in "Bulletin C" produced by the International Earth Rotation and Reference Systems Service; the leap seconds cannot be predicted far in advance due to the unpredictable rate of rotation of the Earth. Nearly all UTC days contain 86,400 SI seconds with 60 seconds in each minute. However, because the mean solar day is longer than 86,400 SI seconds the last minute of a UTC day is adjusted to have 61 seconds; the extra second is called a leap second. It accounts for the grand total of the extra length of all the mean solar days since the previous leap second.
The last minute of a UTC day is permitted to contain 59 seconds to cover the remote possibility of the Earth rotating faster, but that has not yet been necessary. The irregular day lengths mean that fractional Julian days do not work properly with UTC. Since 1972, UTC is calculated by subtracting the accumulated leap seconds from International Atomic Time, a coordinate time scale tracking notional proper time on the rotating surface of the Earth. In order to maintain a close approximation to UT1, UTC has discontinuities where it changes from one linear function of TAI to another; these discontinuities take the form of leap seconds implemented by a UTC day of irregular length. Discont
Lexington–Fayette metropolitan area
The Lexington–Fayette metropolitan area is the 106th-largest metropolitan statistical area in the United States. It was formed by the United States Census Bureau in 1950 and consisted of Fayette County until 1980 when surrounding counties saw increases in their population densities and the number of their residents employed within Lexington–Fayette, which led to them meeting Census criteria to be added to the MSA; the Lexington–Fayette MSA is the primary MSA of the Lexington–Fayette–Richmond–Frankfort combined statistical area which includes the Micropolitan Statistical Areas of Frankfort, Mount Sterling, Richmond–Berea. The Lexington–Fayette–Frankfort–Richmond combined statistical area has a July 1, 2012 Census Bureau estimated population of 703,271; the following is a list of cities in the Lexington–Fayette metropolitan area with 2017 United States Census Bureau estimates of their population. Cities in bold are considered principal cities of the metropolitan area by the Census Bureau, which represent significant employment centers: Lexington – 321,959 Georgetown – 33,660 Nicholasville – 30,553 Winchester – 18,486 Paris – 9,808 Versailles – 9,292 Wilmore – 6,343 Midway – 1,811 Millersburg – 795 Stamping Ground – 766 North Middletown – 645 Sadieville – 349 Corinth – 230 • Populations are based on published estimates by the United States Bureau of the Census.
¹County was not a part of Lexington–Fayette MSA at the time of this Census and the county's population is not included in MSA total. Lexington–Fayette–Frankfort–Richmond combined statistical area map U. S. Census Bureau State & County QuickFacts U. S. Census Bureau population estimates at the Library of Congress Web Archives Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas at the Wayback Machine About Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas Historical Metropolitan Area Definitions
Lincoln County, Kentucky
Lincoln County is a county located in the U. S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 24,742, its county seat is Stanford. Lincoln is a prohibition or "dry county." Lincoln County is part of KY Micropolitan Statistical Area. Lincoln County—originally Lincoln County, Virginia—was established by the Virginia General Assembly in June 1780, named in honor of Revolutionary War general Benjamin Lincoln, it was one of three counties formed out of Virginia's Kentucky County, is one of Kentucky's nine original counties. The county's original seat was at Harrodsburg. Afterward, Stanford became Lincoln County's permanent seat. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 337 square miles, of which 334 square miles is land and 2.5 square miles is water. Lincoln County is located in South Central Kentucky in the southern part of the ring of Knobs around the Bluegrass region, it includes the headwaters of the Green River. Boyle County Garrard County Rockcastle County Pulaski County Casey County As of the census of 2000, there were 23,361 people, 9,206 households, 6,729 families residing in the county.
The population density was 70 per square mile. There were 10,127 housing units at an average density of 30 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 96.12% White, 2.53% Black or African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.10% Asian, 0.38% from other races, 0.72% from two or more races. 0.89% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 9,206 households out of which 33.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.60% were married couples living together, 10.30% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.90% were non-families. 23.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.50% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 2.95. By age, 25.70% of the population was under 18, 8.40% from 18 to 24, 29.80% from 25 to 44, 23.10% from 45 to 64, 13.10% were 65 or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.10 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $26,542, the median income for a family was $32,284. Males had a median income of $26,395 versus $20,517 for females; the per capita income for the county was $13,602. About 16.40% of families and 21.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.10% of those under age 18 and 22.90% of those age 65 or over. Crab Orchard Eubank Hustonville Stanford McKinney Kings Mountain Waynesburg Highland Preachersville National Register of Historic Places listings in Lincoln County, Kentucky Lincoln County Kentucky Web Site The Kentucky Highlands Project
Time in the United States
Time in the United States, by law, is divided into nine standard time zones covering the states and its possessions, with most of the United States observing daylight saving time for the spring and fall months. The time zone boundaries and DST observance are regulated by the Department of Transportation. Official and precise timekeeping services are provided by two federal agencies: the National Institute of Standards and Technology; the clocks run by these services are kept synchronized with each other as well as with those of other international timekeeping organizations. It is the combination of the time zone and daylight saving rules, along with the timekeeping services, which determines the legal civil time for any U. S. location at any moment. Before the adoption of four standard time zones for the continental United States, many towns and cities set their clocks to noon when the sun passed their local meridian, pre-corrected for the equation of time on the date of observation, to form local mean solar time.
Noon occurred at different times but time differences between distant locations were noticeable prior to the 19th century because of long travel times and the lack of long-distance instant communications prior to the development of the telegraph. The use of local solar time became awkward as railways and telecommunications improved. American railroads maintained many different time zones during the late 1800s; each train station set its own clock making it difficult to coordinate train schedules and confusing passengers. Time calculation became a serious problem for people traveling by train, according to the Library of Congress; every city in the United States used a different time standard so there were more than 300 local sun times to choose from. Time zones were therefore a compromise, relaxing the complex geographic dependence while still allowing local time to be approximate with mean solar time. Railroad managers tried to address the problem by establishing 100 railroad time zones, but this was only a partial solution to the problem.
Weather service chief Cleveland Abbe had needed to introduce four standard time zones for his weather stations, an idea which he offered to the railroads. Operators of the new railroad lines needed a new time plan that would offer a uniform train schedule for departures and arrivals. Four standard time zones for the continental United States were introduced at noon on November 18, 1883, when the telegraph lines transmitted time signals to all major cities. In October 1884, the International Meridian Conference at Washington DC adopted a proposal which stated that the prime meridian for longitude and timekeeping should be one that passes through the centre of the transit instrument at the Greenwich Observatory in the United Kingdom; the conference therefore established the Greenwich Meridian as the prime meridian and Greenwich Mean Time as the world's time standard. The US time-zone system grew from this, in which all zones referred back to GMT on the prime meridian. In 1960, the International Radio Consultative Committee formalized the concept of Coordinated Universal Time, which became the new international civil time standard.
UTC is, within about 1 second, mean solar time at 0°. UTC does not observe daylight saving time. For most purposes, UTC is considered interchangeable with GMT, but GMT is no longer defined by the scientific community. UTC is one of several related successors to GMT. Standard time zones in the United States are defined at the federal level by law 15 USC §260; the federal law establishes the transition dates and times at which daylight saving time occurs, if observed. It is the authority of the Secretary of Transportation, in coordination with the states, to determine which regions will observe which of the standard time zones and if they will observe daylight saving time; as of August 9, 2007, the standard time zones are defined in terms of hourly offsets from UTC. Prior to this they were based upon the mean solar time at several meridians 15° apart west of Greenwich. Only the full-time zone names listed below are official. View the standard time zone boundaries here; the United States uses nine standard time zones.
As defined by US law they are: From east to west, the four time zones of the contiguous United States are: Eastern Time Zone, which comprises the states on the Atlantic coast and the eastern two thirds of the Ohio Valley. Central Time Zone, which comprises the Gulf Coast, Mississippi Valley, most of the Great Plains. Mountain Time Zone, which comprises the states and portions of states that include the Rocky Mountains and the western quarter of the Great Plains. Pacific Time Zone, which comprises the states on the Pacific coast, plus Nevada and the Idaho panhandle. Alaska Time Zone, which comprises most of the state of Alaska. Hawaii-Aleutian Time Zone, which includes Hawaii and most of the length of the Aleutian Islands chain. Samoa Time Zone, which comprises American Samoa. Chamorro Time Zone, which comprises Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands. Atlantic Time Zone, which comprises Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands; some United States Minor Outlying Islands are outside the time zones defined by 15 U.
S. C. § exist in waters defined by Nautical time. In practice, military crews may