Universal Pictures is an American film studio owned by Comcast through the Universal Filmed Entertainment Group division of its wholly owned subsidiary NBCUniversal. Founded in 1912 by Carl Laemmle, Mark Dintenfass, Charles O. Baumann, Adam Kessel, Pat Powers, William Swanson, David Horsley, Robert H. Cochrane, Jules Brulatour, it is the oldest surviving film studio in the United States, the world's fifth oldest after Gaumont, Pathé, Nordisk Film, the oldest member of Hollywood's "Big Five" studios in terms of the overall film market, its studios are located in Universal City and its corporate offices are located in New York City. Universal Pictures is a member of the Motion Picture Association of America, was one of the "Little Three" majors during Hollywood's golden age. Universal Studios was founded by Carl Laemmle, Mark Dintenfass, Charles O. Baumann, Adam Kessel, Pat Powers, William Swanson, David Horsley, Robert H. Cochrane and Jules Brulatour. One story has Laemmle watching a box office for hours, counting patrons and calculating the day's takings.
Within weeks of his Chicago trip, Laemmle gave up dry goods to buy the first several nickelodeons. For Laemmle and other such entrepreneurs, the creation in 1908 of the Edison-backed Motion Picture Trust meant that exhibitors were expected to pay fees for Trust-produced films they showed. Based on the Latham Loop used in cameras and projectors, along with other patents, the Trust collected fees on all aspects of movie production and exhibition, attempted to enforce a monopoly on distribution. Soon and other disgruntled nickelodeon owners decided to avoid paying Edison by producing their own pictures. In June 1909, Laemmle started the Yankee Film Company with partners Abe Julius Stern; that company evolved into the Independent Moving Pictures Company, with studios in Fort Lee, New Jersey, where many early films in America's first motion picture industry were produced in the early 20th century. Laemmle broke with Edison's custom of refusing to give screen credits to performers. By naming the movie stars, he attracted many of the leading players of the time, contributing to the creation of the star system.
In 1910, he promoted Florence Lawrence known as "The Biograph Girl", actor King Baggot, in what may be the first instance of a studio using stars in its marketing. The Universal Film Manufacturing Company was incorporated in New York on April 30, 1912. Laemmle, who emerged as president in July 1912, was the primary figure in the partnership with Dintenfass, Kessel, Swanson and Brulatour. All would be bought out by Laemmle; the new Universal studio was a vertically integrated company, with movie production and exhibition venues all linked in the same corporate entity, the central element of the Studio system era. Following the westward trend of the industry, by the end of 1912 the company was focusing its production efforts in the Hollywood area. On March 15, 1915, Laemmle opened the world's largest motion picture production facility, Universal City Studios, on a 230-acre converted farm just over the Cahuenga Pass from Hollywood. Studio management became the third facet of Universal's operations, with the studio incorporated as a distinct subsidiary organization.
Unlike other movie moguls, Laemmle opened his studio to tourists. Universal became the largest studio in Hollywood, remained so for a decade. However, it sought an audience in small towns, producing inexpensive melodramas and serials. In its early years Universal released three brands of feature films—Red Feather, low-budget programmers. Directors included Jack Conway, John Ford, Rex Ingram, Robert Z. Leonard, George Marshall and Lois Weber, one of the few women directing films in Hollywood. Despite Laemmle's role as an innovator, he was an cautious studio chief. Unlike rivals Adolph Zukor, William Fox, Marcus Loew, Laemmle chose not to develop a theater chain, he financed all of his own films, refusing to take on debt. This policy nearly bankrupted the studio when actor-director Erich von Stroheim insisted on excessively lavish production values for his films Blind Husbands and Foolish Wives, but Universal shrewdly gained a return on some of the expenditure by launching a sensational ad campaign that attracted moviegoers.
Character actor Lon Chaney became a drawing card for Universal in the 1920s, appearing in dramas. His two biggest hits for Universal were The Phantom of the Opera. During this period Laemmle entrusted most of the production policy decisions to Irving Thalberg. Thalberg had been Laemmle's personal secretary, Laemmle was impressed by his cogent observations of how efficiently the studio could be operated. Promoted to studio chief, Thalberg was giving Universal's product a touch of class, but MGM's head of production Louis B. Mayer lured Thalberg away from Universal with a promise of better pay. Without his guidance Universal became a second-tier studio, would remain so for several decades. In 1926, Universal opened a production unit in Germany, Deutsche Universal-Film AG, under the direction of Joe Pasternak; this unit produced three to four films per year until 1936, migrating to Hungary and Austria in the face of Hitler's increasing domination of central Europe. With the advent of sound, these productions were made in the German language or Hungarian or Polish.
In the U. S. Universal Pictures did not distribute any of this subsidiary's films, but at least some of them were exhibited through othe
Lynda Day George
Lynda Louise Day George is an American television and film actress whose career spanned three decades from the 1960s to the 1980s. She was a cast member on Mission: Impossible, she was the wife of actor Christopher George. Lynda was born in Texas. Known as Lynda Day, her career began with guest roles on many television series of the 1960s, including Route 66, Here Come the Brides, The Green Hornet, The Fugitive, The Invaders, It Takes a Thief, The Virginian, Good Morning and Bonanza, she had her first major role as Amelia Cole in a short-lived 1970–1971 television series, The Silent Force, starred in the television pilot for Cannon in 1971. That same year, she was cast as Lisa Casey in the critically acclaimed series Mission: Impossible, garnering a Golden Globe nomination in 1972 and an Emmy Award nomination in 1973. During the show's last season, she missed seven episodes because of her maternity leave and was temporarily replaced by Barbara Anderson, she first met actor Christopher George when they starred together in the 1966 independent film The Gentle Rain.
While working together again in the 1970 John Wayne film Chisum, they fell in love and were married on May 15, 1970. Thereafter, she became Lynda Day George and co-starred in multiple television films with her husband over the next 10 years, including The House on Greenapple Road, Mayday at 40,000 Feet!, Cruise Into Terror. They worked together in episodes of The F. B. I. Mission: Impossible, McCloud, Love Boat, Vega$, they guest-starred in television's Wonder Woman in 1976, with Lynda playing villain Fausta Grables, the Nazi Wonder Woman. She continued her television work throughout the 1970s with guest roles on Police Story, Kung Fu, Marcus Welby, M. D. and Barnaby Jones. She played supporting roles in Rich Man, Poor Man and Once an Eagle, her movie career is noted for several horror cult films in which she co-starred with husband Christopher, including Day of the Animals and Mortuary. She co-starred with John Saxon in the 1980 horror film Beyond Evil. Christopher George died of a heart attack on November 28, 1983, at the age of 52.
She worked only sporadically after that, in guest roles on Fantasy Island, Murder She Wrote, Hardcastle and McCormick, Blacke's Magic. She was a regular guest on religious television programs. In one of her final performances, Lynda reprised the role of Lisa Casey on an episode of the revived Mission: Impossible television series in 1989, she retired from acting shortly thereafter. She was first married to Joseph Pantano, with one son, Nicky, she left Pantano to marry George. She was married to George from 15 May 1970 until his death, on 28 November 1983, had one daughter, Casey, they filed suit to have Nicky Pantano declared as Christopher's natural son. In 1990, Lynda George married Doug Cronin, who died of cancer 4 December 2010. Lynda Day George on IMDb Upcoming book biography: Lynda Day George: ALL MISSIONS POSSIBLE The Girls of Mission: Impossible Love is actress' beauty secret: Retired TV star Lynda Day George happy in Gardiner
Wilfrid Hyde-White was an English character actor of stage and television, who achieved international recognition in his years for his role as Colonel Pickering in the 1964 film version of the musical My Fair Lady. Wilfrid Hyde-White was born in Bourton-on-the-Water in Gloucestershire, England in 1903 to the Rev. William Edward White, canon of Gloucester Cathedral, his wife, Ethel Adelaide, he was the nephew of the actor J. Fisher White, he attended the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art. He made his debut in Tons of Money on the Isle of Wight in 1922, appeared in the West End for the first time three years in the play Beggar on Horseback, he gained steady work on the stage in a series of comedies produced at the Aldwych Theatre in London. He joined a tour of South Africa in 1932 before making his film debut in 1934, he appeared in Turned Out Nice Again. Following a memorable supporting role in The Third Man, he became a fixture in British films of the 1950s, his other films of this period include the Danny Kaye film On the Double.
Two-Way Stretch displays the more roguish side to some of the characters. He continued to act on the stage, played opposite Laurence Olivier and Vivien Leigh in Caesar and Cleopatra and Antony and Cleopatra, he appeared on Broadway and was nominated for a Tony Award in 1956 for his role in The Reluctant Debutante. His first Hollywood appearance came alongside Marilyn Monroe in the 1960 film Let's Make Love, this was soon followed by other higher profile films, including My Fair Lady in 1964. Between 1962 and 1965, Hyde-White starred in the BBC radio comedy The Men from the Ministry. In the 1970s and 1980s, he featured on Buck Rogers in the 25th Century, the Battlestar Galactica pilot episode "Saga of a Star World" and The Associates, he continued to appear on Broadway, earned a second Tony nomination for his performance in The Jockey Club Stakes. He appeared in two episodes of the mystery series Columbo, starring Peter Falk as the rumpled detective. Although the first, "Dagger of the Mind", was set in Britain and concerned Columbo paying a visit to Scotland Yard, Hyde-White's ongoing UK tax problems meant that, unlike American actors Falk and Richard Basehart, British actors appearing in the episode, Honor Blackman, Bernard Fox, John Fraser and Arthur Malet, he was unable to take part in location filming in the UK.
His scenes as a butler were therefore filmed in California. His second appearance on Columbo was in the episode "Last Salute to the Commodore" in 1976, he was the subject of This Is Your Life in 1976 when he was surprised by Eamonn Andrews at Goodwood Racecourse. On 17 December 1927, he married Blanche Hope Aitken, a Glamorganshire-born Welsh actress known professionally as Blanche Glynne, a decade his senior; the couple had one son. Blanche Glynne died in 1946, aged 53, Hyde-White remarried, in 1957, to actress Ethel Drew, he and Drew remained married until his death in 1991. The couple had two children, including actor Alex Hyde-White. Hyde-White had a reputation as a bon viveur, in 1979 he was declared bankrupt by the Inland Revenue. Hyde-White died from heart failure on 6 May 1991, six days before his 88th birthday, at the Motion Picture Country Home in Woodland Hills, Los Angeles, having lived in the United States for 25 years as a tax exile, his body was returned to England and buried in the family grave at Water Cemetery, Bourton-on-the-Water, Gloucestershire.
133 Films The Twilight Zone: "Passage on the Lady Anne" Mission: Impossible: "Echo of Yesterday" Daniel Boone: "Who Will They Hang From The Yardarm If Willy Gets Away" It Takes a Thief: "To Lure a Man" Columbo: "Dagger of the Mind" Columbo: "Last Salute to the Commodore" Battlestar Galactica The Associates Buck Rogers in the 25th Century Wilfrid Hyde-White on IMDb Wilfrid Hyde-White at the TCM Movie Database Wilfrid Hyde-White at the BFI's Screenonline Wilfrid Hyde-White at the Internet Broadway Database
The Great Escape II: The Untold Story
The Great Escape II: The Untold Story is a 1988 American made-for-television action-adventure drama film and a sequel to The Great Escape starring Christopher Reeve, Judd Hirsch, Anthony Denison, Ian McShane, Charles Haid and Donald Pleasence in a supporting role. The film was directed by Jud Taylor; the Great Escape II premiered in two parts on NBC on November 6 and 7, 1988. The Great Escape II is not a true sequel, as it dramatizes the escape itself just as the original film does, although using the real names of the individuals involved; the murder of the prisoners in this film is more accurate than in the 1963 original, with the POWs being shot individually or in pairs, but other portions of the film are fictional. It depicts the search for those responsible for the murder of the Allied officers, the subsequent trials; the film features the exploits of Major Johnnie Dodge, an American-born British Army officer and cousin of Winston Churchill, follows his journey to freedom after the escape.
The second half of the film is based on the post-war investigation into the murders of fifty of the escapees by the Gestapo, conducted by Dodge and two fictional Americans. A former POW leads a special task force to hunt down the culprits responsible for carrying out the orders to murder 50 of the 76 escapees from Stalag Luft III. Christopher Reeve – Major John Dodge Judd Hirsch – Captain David Matthews Anthony Denison – Lieutenant Mike Corery Ian McShane – Roger Bushell Charles Haid – Sergeant MacKenzie Donald Pleasence – Dr. Absalon Michael Nader – Burchardt Derek de Lint – Dr. Thost Andrew Bicknell – Wings Day Karlheinz Lemken – Herr Schmidt Ron Donachie – Al Hake Peter Dennis – Group Captain Herbert Massey Geoffrey Beevers – Jim Kitteridge Christopher Neame – Kiowski Dominic Gould – Jules Brian Pettifer – Kirby-Green Ian Redford – Willie Bill Wallis – Schatz Ludwig Haas – Adolf Hitler The film was nominated for the Outstanding Sound Mixing for a Miniseries or a Special award at the Primetime Emmy Awards The Great Escape II: The Untold Story on IMDb
Samuel Guy Endore, born Samuel Goldstein and known as Harry Relis, was an American novelist and screenwriter. During his career he produced a wide array of novels and pamphlets, both published and unpublished. A cult favorite of fans of horror, he is best known for his novel The Werewolf of Paris, which occupies a significant position in werewolf literature, much in the same way that Dracula does for vampire literature. Endore is known for his left-wing novel of the Haitian Revolution, Babouk: The Story of A Slave, he was nominated for a screenwriting Oscar for The Story of G. I. Joe, his novel Methinks the Lady... was the basis for Ben Hecht's screenplay for Whirlpool. Endore was born Samuel Goldstein in Brooklyn, New York, to Malka Halpern Goldstein, his father was a coal miner and investor from Pittsburgh who had difficulty making ends meet. His mother committed suicide when he was four due to the family's unstable and insufficient livelihood. Isidor changed their name in an attempt to move beyond the events of the past, he placed the children in a Methodist orphanage.
During this time, Isidor sold an invention and dreamt that his dead wife willed the children to have a European education, so he sent them to Vienna with the newfound windfall. The children lived in Vienna for five years under the care of a Catholic governess, but when Isidor disappeared and their funds ran short, they returned to Pittsburgh and lived together. While there Endore attended the Carnegie Technical Institute but would earn his B. A. and M. A. both in European languages, at Columbia University. According to his own account, he scraped together the money to attend renting out his bed to a wealthier student while he slept on the floor, he unsuccessfully pursued a Ph. D. Endore's first novel was The Man From Limbo, about an impoverished college graduate obsessed with acquiring wealth, his most famous work was The Werewolf of Paris, a violent horror story set during the Franco-Prussian War and the Paris Commune and inspired by the work of Hanns Heinz Ewers, whom Endore had translated. The Werewolf of Paris is described by Stableford as "entitled to be considered the werewolf novel".
Endore wrote what Stableford describes "a few notable horror stories", including "The Day of the Dragon", in which a scientific experiment returns dragons to the contemporary world and "Lazarus Returns", an ironic tale involving the Biblical character. After his work as a screenwriter Endore published several other Freudian-tinged mysteries and returned to his love of French history for biographies on Voltaire, the Marquis de Sade and Rousseau, his only other popular literary success came with King of Paris: A Novel, based on the life of Alexandre Dumas. It became a best-seller and was a Book-of-the-Month Club choice. After graduating, Guy married Henrietta Portugal and in the 1930s they moved to Hollywood. Despite his eventual blacklisting, Endore had a successful career in Hollywood, working on scripts or story ideas for big name pictures of the time, he made his name in the supernatural arena, with such movies as Mark of the Vampire and The Curse of the Werewolf. Although many of his films were at the time derided by critics, they have acquired a cult following in recent years.
Throughout his career Endore showed himself to be fascinated with hypnotism and the inability of characters to control their own actions, centering his stories on supernatural maladies such as lycanthropy and hypnosis. Mad Love, Peter Lorre’s American debut, involves a man who, after an accident, is fitted with the hands of a murderer which try to continue in their gruesome career, his novel Methinks The Lady..., made into a movie with Gene Tierney, centered around a woman affected by a quack hypnotist. His Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers comedy, still includes Rogers being put under hypnosis. Endore began his movie writing career in 1935, when he wrote the story for Rumba, a star vehicle for George Raft and Carole Lombard, given a scathing review in the New York Times. From there he began working in film, he worked on the screenplay for Mark of the Vampire with Bela Lugosi. He wrote the 19-page treatment that became The Raven, for which he was never credited. A number of other horror films followed, interspersed with more mainstream films including the Oscar-nominated, a John Wayne movie, a Ginger Rogers/Fred Astaire picture.
His Hollywood career ended in 1969 with a made for TV movie entitled Fear No Evil, for which he wrote the story. It was the first US Television “Movie of the Week” and a success in the ratings, spawning a sequel in years. While he attended Columbia, he was drawn to the political left by Whittaker Chambers, a fellow student at the time, by the harsh Great Depression world in which he lived, he would describe himself as opposed to capitalist class society and to imperialism, with all its racist foundations. While he lived in Hollywood, Endore was interviewed several times and wrote articles for multiple leftist publications, including Black and White, The New York Clipper and New Masses. Endore was a member of the Communist Party in Hollywood and was investigated by the House Un-American Activities Committee during its search for Communist infiltration of the film industry, he was, never called before a “witch-hunting committee” and did not spend any time in jail. Because of his Communist associations, some studios blacklisted him an
The Brotherhood of the Bell
The Brotherhood of the Bell is a 1970 made-for-television movie produced by Cinema Center 100 Productions and starring Glenn Ford. The director Paul Wendkos was nominated in 1971 by the Directors Guild of America for "outstanding directorial achievement in television". David Karp wrote the screenplay based on his novel, filmed as a Studio One episode in 1958; this version aired as a "world premiere" CBS Thursday Night Movie. The film depicts a successful economics professor, Dr. Andrew Patterson, who discovers that an elite fraternity he joined as an undergraduate is a callous banking and business cabal that obtains wealth and power for its members through nefarious practices. Professor Andrew Patterson returns to the College of St. George in San Francisco, he is attending the initiation of a new member into the Brotherhood of the Bell. The man who initiated Patterson 22 years earlier, financier Chad Harmon, is presiding at the ceremony. Harmon gives Patterson an address and instructs him to go there to receive an assignment from the society.
The Brotherhood wants this post for one of their own. Patterson is given dossiers of people who helped Horvathy defect to the United States, he is to threaten to reveal these to the government of Horvathy's homeland if Horvathy accepts the new post. Against Brotherhood policy, Patterson consults Harmon about the legality and ethics of his assignment. Harmon tells Patterson to be grateful that more is not asked of him. Patterson returns home to Los Angeles and contacts Dr. Horvathy. Unable to persuade him to decline the position, he presents him with photostats of the dossiers. Horvathy, a lifelong refugee from Fascism and Communism, commits suicide. Remorse causes Patterson to confide in his wife and his father-in-law Harry Masters, he announces a desire to reveal the Brotherhood's actions to the public. In taking Patterson to see a certain Thaddeus Burns, a supposed agent of the Federal Security Services, Masters is secretly helping the Brotherhood to recover the Horvathy dossiers before Patterson can use them in his plan to expose the Brotherhood.
Burns takes the dossiers from Patterson, Masters subsequently denies taking Patterson to see Burns. Patterson is alienated from his father-in-law and his wife, who leaves him. Patterson is informed by Chad Harmon that his and his father's achievements were not their own, but covert favors bestowed at the behest of the Brotherhood. After Patterson goes public with his exposé, his father, the CEO of a multi-million dollar company, is singled out by the IRS for fraud; the elder Patterson suffers a stroke and dies. Patterson is relieved of his professorship through the machinations of the Brotherhood. Patterson finds himself isolated, reaches rock bottom when he appears on a local television talk show; the host Bart Harris humiliates him on the air, Patterson lashes out at him, landing him in jail. He is bailed out by his former boss, Dr. Jerry Fielder, who discovered that Patterson was telling the truth, he encourages Patterson to convince another Brother of the Bell to come forward, someone who has nothing to gain by doing so.
That someone turns out to be the one initiated at the beginning of the story. An earlier dramatic adaptation of the novel was made for the Studio One anthology series, aired January 6, 1958. Scenes at the fictional College of St. George were filmed at Pomona College. On December 8, 2015 CBS Broadcasting, Inc. released the DVD edition of the film. The approximate running time of the film presented in NTSC format is 97 minutes. List of American films of 1970 The Skulls The Brotherhood of the Bell on IMDb The Brotherhood of the Bell at AllMovie The Brotherhood of the Bell film on YouTube
Johnny Tiger is a Florida Western film directed by Paul Wendkos, starring Robert Taylor, Chad Everett, Geraldine Brooks. The Universal Studios film was shot in Central Florida in 1965, with the city of Longwood, Florida substituting for a fictional town in southern Florida adjacent to a Seminole Indian reservation, with additional filming at nearby Sanlando Springs. Titled The Cry of Laughing Owls, the film's title was changed to Johnny Tiger prior to its release, it had its world premiere in Orlando, Florida in 1966. A drama about the conflict between traditional and Americanized Seminoles impacted by a dedicated white teacher on their ways of life. A widowed schoolteacher arrives at a Seminole Reservation in the Florida Everglades with his three children. He's determined to bring the Indians into the modern world of the 20th century, but his contempt for their ways meets with resistance. George Dean, a widowed professor shunned by various colleges and universities because of his reputed arrogance, arrives with his three children at a Florida Indian reservation to teach the Seminoles.
Appalled by the dilapidated schoolhouse, he appeals in vain to Dr. Leslie Frost, the resident public health official. One day Dean's 19-year-old daughter, Barbara, is rescued from a herd of stampeding bulls by Johnny Tiger, the young grandson of the local Seminole chief, Sam Tiger. Observing that the Indian children idolize Johnny, Dean asks him to encourage the youngsters to attend school, but Johnny mocks him and bitterly states that he is only a half-breed Seminole whose mother was a white woman and local barmaid. Realizing that Johnny, despite his hostility, is a man of innate intelligence, Dean urges him to attend school; because of Barbara, Johnny agrees. Caught in the conflict and Barbara run off to get married. Tension between Dean and Sam mounts. Risking his life, Dean races into the fire and finds the old chief holding the child protectively in a wet blanket. Badly burned, Sam Tiger asks Dean to give him back his grandson. Now tolerant of other men's beliefs, Dean accompanies Johnny to the Indian burial ground.
There Johnny promises his dying grandfather to lead his people in the new ways. Robert Taylor as George Dean Geraldine Brooks as Dr. Leslie Frost Chad Everett as Johnny Tiger Brenda Scott as Barbara Dean Marc Lawrence as William Billie Ford Rainey as Sam Tiger List of American films of 1966 Johnny Tiger on IMDb