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Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas (film)

Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas is a 1998 American psychedelic satirical black comedy road film adapted from Hunter S. Thompson's novel Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas, it was co-written and directed by Terry Gilliam, stars Johnny Depp and Benicio del Toro as Raoul Duke and Dr. Gonzo, respectively; the film details the duo's journey through Las Vegas as their initial journalistic intentions devolve into an exploration of the city under the influence of psychoactive substances. The film received mixed reviews from critics and was a financial failure, but has since become a cult classic among film fans. In 1971, Raoul Duke and Dr. Gonzo speed across the Nevada desert. Duke, under the influence of mescaline, complains of a swarm of giant bats, before going through the pair's inventory of psychoactive drugs. Shortly afterward, the duo stops to explain what they are doing. Duke has been assigned by an unnamed magazine to travel to Las Vegas and cover the Mint 400 motorcycle race. However, they have decided to take advantage of the trip by purchasing a large number of drugs and renting a red Chevrolet Impala convertible.

The young man soon becomes terrified of flees on foot. Trying to reach Vegas before the hitchhiker can go to the police, Gonzo gives Duke part of a sheet of Sunshine Acid informs him that there is little chance of making it before the drug kicks in. By the time they reach the strip, Duke is in the middle of a trip and makes it through check-in, while hallucinating that the hotel clerk is a moray eel and that the bar patrons are lizards in the depths of an orgy; the next day, Duke heads out with his photographer, Lacerda. During the coverage, Duke becomes irrational and believes that they are in the middle of a battlefield, so he fires Lacerda and returns to the hotel. After consuming more mescaline, as well as huffing diethyl ether and Gonzo arrive at the Bazooko Circus casino but leave shortly afterward, the chaotic atmosphere frightening Gonzo. Back in the hotel room, Duke leaves a knife-wielding Gonzo unattended and tries his luck at a quick round of Big Six; when Duke returns, he finds that Gonzo, after consuming a full sheet of LSD, has trashed the room, is sitting clothed in the bathtub, attempting to pull the tape player in with him, as he wants to hear the song better.

He pleads with Duke to throw the machine into the water. Duke instead throws a grapefruit at Gonzo before running outside. Gonzo confronts him violently but claims to have only wanted to mutilate, rather than murder, Duke. After containing and locking Gonzo in the bathroom, Duke flashbacks to the Acid wave in San Francisco to his time in a club called the Matrix, where he sees himself. After getting some LSD, he spills half off the drug on his red sleeve, where a hippie witnessing the mess starts licking it off. Back in the hotel room working on a typewriter, Duke reminisces about the values and times of the Hippie culture, mourns the end of it all; the next morning, Duke awakens to an exorbitant room service bill, no sign of Gonzo, attempts to leave town. As he nears Baker, California, a highway patrolman pulls him over for speeding and advises him to sleep at a nearby rest stop. Duke instead heads to a payphone and calls Gonzo, learning that he has a suite in his name at the Flamingo Las Vegas so he can cover a district attorney's convention on narcotics.

Duke checks into his suite, only to be met by an LSD-tripping Gonzo and a young woman by the name of Lucy he has brought with him. Gonzo explains that Lucy has come to Las Vegas to meet Barbra Streisand and that he gave her LSD on the plane not realizing she had never taken it before. Sensing the trouble this could get them into, Duke convinces Gonzo to ditch Lucy in another hotel before her trip wears off. Gonzo accompanies Duke to the D. A.'s convention, the pair discreetly snort cocaine as the guest speaker delivers a comically out-of-touch speech about "marijuana addicts" before showing a brief film. Unable to take it, Duke and Gonzo flee back to their room, their trips over, Gonzo deals with Lucy over the phone, as Duke attempts to mellow out by trying some of Gonzo's stash of adrenochrome. However, the trip spirals out of control, Duke is reduced to an incoherent mess before he blacks out. After an unspecified amount of time passes, Duke wakes up to a complete ruin of the once pristine suite.

After discovering his tape recorder, he attempts to remember. As he listens, he has brief memories of the general mayhem that has taken place, including a heated encounter with a waitress at a diner, convincing a distraught cleaning woman that they are police officers investigating a drug ring, attempting to buy an orangutan. Duke drops Gonzo off at the airport, missing the entrance, driving across the tarmac and pulling up right next to the plane, before returning to the hotel one last time to finish his article. Duke speeds back to Los Angeles. Animator/filmmaker Ralph Bakshi tried to convince a girlfriend of Thompson's to let him do Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas as an animated film, done in the style of Ralph Steadman's illustrations for the book. Bakshi is quoted as saying: Hunter had given the rights to a girlfriend of his. I spent three days with her trying to talk her into me animating it – she wanted to make a live-action of it – I kept telling her that a live-action would look like a bad cartoon but an animated version would be a great one.

She had a tremendous disdain for animators. Hunter could not make her change her

Poplar Springs, Maryland

Poplar Springs is a town located in western Howard County in the state of Maryland, United States. The town is named for the "Poplar Spring Branch", where Levin Lawrance settled in 1741 and Captain Philimon Dorsey settled in 1750 on a land patent named "Dorseys Grove". Old Frederick Road was built through the town, following a Native American foot trail. By 1783, two weekly stagecoaches traveled the road; as of 1835, eight daily coaches traveled through town. In the summer of 1843 and 1844, Samuel Morse used Poplar Springs as a vacation spot while experimenting with the single wire telegraph. After the Civil War, members of the 1st Maryland Infantry, CSA would hold regular reunions at the hotel in town. By 1888, the town population was 48.c Poplar Springs, Maryland at Curlie

Wilks's lambda distribution

In statistics, Wilks' lambda distribution, is a probability distribution used in multivariate hypothesis testing with regard to the likelihood-ratio test and multivariate analysis of variance. Wilks' lambda distribution is defined from two independent Wishart distributed variables as the ratio distribution of their determinants,given A ∼ W p B ∼ W p independent and with m ≥ p λ = det det = 1 det ∼ Λ where p is the number of dimensions. In the context of likelihood-ratio tests m is the error degrees of freedom, n is the hypothesis degrees of freedom, so that n + m is the total degrees of freedom. Computations or tables of the Wilks' distribution for higher dimensions are not available and one resorts to approximations. One approximation is attributed to M. S. Bartlett and works for m allows Wilks' lambda to be approximated with a chi-squared distribution log ⁡ Λ ∼ χ n p 2. Another approximation is attributed to C. R. Rao. There is a symmetry among the parameters of the Wilks distribution, Λ ∼ Λ The distribution can be related to a product of independent beta-distributed random variables u i ∼ B ∏ i = 1 p u i ∼ Λ.

As such it can be regarded as a multivariate generalization of the beta distribution. It follows directly that for a one-dimension problem, when the Wishart distributions are one-dimensional with p = 1 the Wilks' distribution equals the beta-distribution with a certain parameter set, Λ ∼ B. From the relations between a beta and an F-distribution, Wilks' lambda can be related to the F-distribution when one of the parameters of the Wilks lambda distribution is either 1 or 2, e.g. 1 − Λ Λ ∼ p m − p + 1 F p, m − p + 1, 1 − Λ Λ ∼ p m − p + 1 F 2 p, 2

Quark (Star Trek)

Quark is a fictional character in the American television series Star Trek: Deep Space Nine. The character, played by Armin Shimerman, was depicted as a member of an extraterrestrial alien race known as the Ferengi, who are stereotypically capitalist and motivated only by profit. Quark, who served as the show's comedy relief, may have been named after the 1970s television series Quark, which examined science fiction themes from a humorous or satirical perspective. Quark was introduced on television in 1993, in the two-part season premiere Star Trek: Deep Space Nine premiere "Emissary". Talking about his depiction of Quark, Shimerman said the character developed during the start of the sixth season of Deep Space Nine, during a story arc in which the Dominion took control of the Deep Space Nine station: He soon learns that although things may appear to be good under Dominion rule and life is pretty good, they still don't have liberty, you've got to fight for it. Quark was one of those deluded people who thought,'This is fine — we all get to do what we want to do,' and didn't realize that liberty was more important than creature comforts....

Like any Everyman character in literature, Quark has to go through some turmoil before he realizes the truth. Before opening a bar, known as "Quark's Bar, Gaming House and Holosuite Arcade", Quark served as a cook aboard a Ferengi freighter for eight years, according to the Star Trek: Deep Space Nine episode "Profit and Loss", he came to the station. Quark admired the Cardassian race for their version of morality, but he seemed to take pity on the downtrodden Bajoran people, selling them food and equipment just above cost, which could have gotten him into serious trouble if the Cardassians had found out; when the station changed hands at the end of the occupation, he decided to leave. Commander Sisko, feeling that Quark's Bar would encourage commercial tourism to boost the station's economy, extorted Quark into staying, using Quark's nephew Nog as a bargaining chip, in the Deep Space Nine pilot episode, "Emissary." Quark engages in a variety of shady deals, but neither Sisko nor Odo, Quark's nominal nemesis and head of station security, take serious action against him because his value outweighs his numerous illegal activities, which for the most part, harm no one.

Furthermore, the station's status as, the property of Bajor and thus only nominally a Federation station, sometimes prevented Sisko from prosecuting Quark to the full extent of Federation law. In the episode "Business as Usual", Sisko admits that he had "cut a lot of slack in the past looked away once or twice when could have come down hard." However, Sisko's leniency does not stop Odo from interfering with Quark's illegal doings. A shrewd businessman, Quark quotes the Ferengi Rules of Acquisition; when the Bajoran wormhole is discovered, Quark helps broker deals between several Gamma Quadrant races and the Ferengi. The Alpha Quadrant's first knowledge of the Dominion comes through his business dealings in the Gamma Quadrant with the Karemma of the Dominion. Quark becomes Grand Nagus for a brief period. Along with Commander Sisko, Quark is among the first to encounter the genetically engineered soldiers of the Dominion, the Jem'Hadar. Quark clashes with FCA liquidator Brunt, who believes that Quark is detrimental to Ferengi society and beliefs.

The two meet in a scandal involving Quark's mother Ishka, who had earned profit despite this being illegal for a female. Following this, Brunt is responsible for Quark receiving a savage beating at the hands of Nausicaan thugs; the attack is meant to coerce Quark into dissolving the employee union founded by Rom. Instead, Quark secretly honors many of the union's demands; when Quark is falsely diagnosed with a fatal disease, Brunt anonymously buys the Ferengi bartender's remains six days in advance. When Quark discovers he is not dying and backs out of the contract, Brunt revokes Quark's business license with glee, but Quark's friends supply him with all the equipment necessary to continue operating his bar anyway; when Brunt becomes Grand Nagus, Quark temporarily becomes a female named Lumba to convince FCA commissioner Nilva that allowing Ferengi females to wear clothing is an opportunity for profit. Brunt does not believe the charade for a minute. Quark and Nog do not understand or speak English/Federation Standard, but rather rely on Universal Translators implanted near their ears.

Quark loved his brother Rom, even found him useful. Nonetheless, in true Ferengi fashion, he treated Rom with little respect and ordered him about like a servant. Quark was fond of swindling Rom out of his share of the bar's profits, they were partners in many other business ventures, although Quark made sure to keep Rom in the dark about the true nature of their dealings. Quark's nephew, Nog briefly worked in his uncle's bar, before departing for Starfleet Academy. Rom succeeded Zek as Grand Nagus

JoAnn Willette

JoAnn Willette is an American actress. Willette is best known for appearing in the role of Constance "Connie" Lubbock in the television series Just the Ten of Us from 1988 to 1990, she has made appearances on a number of other series including The Facts of Life, T. J. Hooker, Santa Barbara, Growing Pains, Melrose Place, Chicago Hope, Becker, ER, The Young and the Restless, My Sister Sam, Private Practice, The New Adventures of Old Christine, in movies such as A Nightmare on Elm Street 2: Freddy's Revenge and Welcome to 18, she was in a music video in 1986 titled "Your Love" by The Outfield. On June 4, 2014, Willette appeared on Ken Reid's TV Guidance Counselor Podcast. Official website JoAnn Willette on IMDb

Lê Quang Trị

Lê Quang Trị was an emperor of Later Lê dynasty. Lê Quang Trị was born in 1509 at Đông Kinh, he was the son of prince Lê Doanh, killed by emperor Lê Uy Mục in 1509. He became the emperor in 1516 by Trịnh Duy Đại's support. However, Trịnh Duy Đại has been defeated in the fighting with his cousin Trịnh Duy Sản who supported Lê Y. So he received Lê Quang Trị to Tây Đô about May 1516 he killed Lê Quang Trị and emperor's two brothers. Lê Quang Trị only kept the throne on three days. 時惟㦃旣弑帝,乃與宗室大臣謀,欲立穆懿王子光治,武佐侯馮邁爭議立錦江王漴長子椅,祥郡公馮穎使力士殺邁於禁中議事堂,遂立光治。時年八歳。纔三日,未及改元,鄭惟岱將歸西都。 Nguyễn, Phút Tản. A Modern History of Viet-nam. Khai-trí. Spencer, Tucker. Vietnam. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 0-8131-0966-3