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Martyn Rix

Edward Martyn Rix is a British botanist, collector and author. Following completion of a PhD on Fritillaria at Cambridge University, he worked in Zurich, Switzerland and at the Royal Horticultural Society gardens at Wisley. Hhe is the author of many books and articles on plants and horticulture and is the editor of Curtis's Botanical Magazine, based at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew in London. Born on 15 August 1943 to Edward Lionel Reusner and Elizabeth Rix, Martyn Rix was educated at Trinity College Dublin, Corpus Christi College, Cambridge University, where he received his PhD in 1971 for his dissertation on Fritillaria in Greece and Turkey, he married Alison Jane Goatcher in 1983, with whom he collaborates, they have two daughters. Following completion of his doctorate he worked as a fellow at the Institute of Systematic Botany, University of Zurich, studying water weeds of India and co-authoring Waterplants of the World, before becoming a botanist at the Royal Horticultural Society, Wisley.

He travelled collecting and photographing plants, including botanical expeditions to China, South Africa and Argentina, introducing a large number of plants into cultivation in Europe and North America. He has been involved in the design and planting of gardens in many parts of the world including California, the Virgin Islands, Turkey and Italy. Together with plant photographer Roger Phillips, David Lindsay and Sam Phillips, he ran an internet site called RogersRoses. Martyn Rix is a Fellow of the Linnean Society of London, his major interest is Liliaceae Fritillaria. Rix has authored contributions in many major botanical texts including The European Garden Flora, Flora Europaea, Flora of Turkey, the Kew Bulletin and has been editor of Curtis's Botanical Magazine since 2003, he is the author of a number of books including Art of the Plant World, Art in Nature and Redoute Album. The latter deals with the work of the botanical artist Pierre-Joseph Redouté, he has contributed to television programmes such as The Quest for the Rose.

Together with Roger Phillips he has contributed to over thirty plant books. Martyn Rix writes for magazines such as Country Life, Gardens Illustrated, The English Garden Magazine and Cornucopia. See Encyclopedia 2017 In 1998 Rix was awarded the Royal Horticultural Society's Veitch Memorial Gold Medal. Martyn Rix is the botanical authority for 33 taxa that bear his name, such as Fritillaria gussichiae; the following plants are named after Martyn Rix: Bellevalia rixii Wendelbo Fritillaria rixii ZaharofIPNI. List of plant names with authority Rix. Kent Alpine Gardener's Diary Talk given at Alpine Garden Society, Kent 2015


Saint-Cierges is a former municipality in the district of Gros-de-Vaud in the canton of Vaud in Switzerland. Its name refers to Saint Cyriacus, the town's patron saint; the municipalities of Chapelle-sur-Moudon, Denezy, Neyruz-sur-Moudon, Peyres-Possens, Saint-Cierges and Chanéaz merged on 1 January 2013 into the new municipality of Montanaire. Saint-Cierges is first mentioned around 1145-54 as de sancto Sergio. In 1166 it was mentioned as de sancto Ciriaco. Saint-Cierges had an area, as of 2009, of 6.4 square kilometers. Of this area, 3.94 km2 or 61.2% is used for agricultural purposes, while 2.18 km2 or 33.9% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.31 km2 or 4.8% is settled and 0.02 km2 or 0.3% is unproductive land. Of the built up area and buildings made up 3.1% and transportation infrastructure made up 1.2%. Out of the forested land, all of the forested land area is covered with heavy forests. Of the agricultural land, 44.9% is used for growing crops and 14.9% is pastures, while 1.4% is used for orchards or vine crops.

The former municipality was part of the Moudon District until it was dissolved on 31 August 2006, Saint-Cierges became part of the new district of Gros-de-Vaud. The former municipality is located on a plateau in the Jorat between the Mentue rivers, it consists of the hamlets of Corrençon, Pré-de-Place and Solitude. The blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Gules, a semi of Saint Cyriaque proper clad Argent, haloed Or, holding in dexter a Palm Branch Vert, in sinister an imaginary reptile of the same. Saint-Cierges had a population of 472; as of 2008, 5.8% of the population are resident foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has changed at a rate of 11.4%. It has changed at a rate of 3.1 % due to births and deaths. Most of the population speaks French, with German being second most English being third. There are 3 people. Of the population in the municipality 112 or about 27.3% were born in Saint-Cierges and lived there in 2000. There were 179 or 43.6% who were born in the same canton, while 57 or 13.9% were born somewhere else in Switzerland, 44 or 10.7% were born outside of Switzerland.

In 2008 there were 4 live births to 1 non-Swiss citizen death. Ignoring immigration and emigration, the population of Swiss citizens increased by 4 while the foreign population decreased by 1. There was 1 Swiss man who emigrated from Switzerland and 1 Swiss woman who immigrated back to Switzerland. At the same time, there were 1 non-Swiss woman; the total Swiss population change in 2008 was a decrease of 2 and the non-Swiss population decreased by 3 people. This represents a population growth rate of -1.1%. The age distribution, as of 2009, in Saint-Cierges is. Of the adult population, 53 people or 11.5% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 68 people or 14.8% are between 30 and 39, 66 people or 14.4% are between 40 and 49, 78 people or 17.0% are between 50 and 59. The senior population distribution is 49 people or 10.7% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 27 people or 5.9% are between 70 and 79, there are 12 people or 2.6% who are between 80 and 89. As of 2000, there were 174 people who never married in the municipality.

There were 16 individuals who are divorced. As of 2000, there were 160 private households in the municipality, an average of 2.5 persons per household. There were 43 households that consist of 18 households with five or more people. Out of a total of 165 households that answered this question, 26.1% were households made up of just one person. Of the rest of the households, there are 53 married couples without children, 52 married couples with children There were 10 single parents with a child or children. There were 2 households that were made up of unrelated people and 5 households that were made up of some sort of institution or another collective housing. In 2000 there were 57 single family homes out of a total of 117 inhabited buildings. There were 22 multi-family buildings, along with 28 multi-purpose buildings that were used for housing and 10 other use buildings that had some housing. Of the single family homes 21 were built before 1919, while 6 were built between 1990 and 2000; the most multi-family homes were built before 1919 and the next most were built between 1919 and 1945.

In 2000 there were 174 apartments in the municipality. The most common apartment size was 4 rooms of which there were 35. There were 77 apartments with five or more rooms. Of these apartments, a total of 155 apartments were permanently occupied, while 14 apartments were seasonally occupied and 5 apartments were empty; as of 2009, the construction rate of new housing units was 2.2 new units per 1000 residents. The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2010, was 1.55%. The historical population is given in the following chart: In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 24.78% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the Green Party, the SP and the FDP. In the federal election, a total of 180 votes were cast, the voter tu

Godfrey III, Duke of Lower Lorraine

Godfrey III, called the Bearded, was the eldest son of Gothelo I, Duke of Upper and Lower Lorraine. By inheritance, he was Count of Verdun and he became Margrave of Antwerp as a vassal of the Duke of Lower Lorraine; the Holy Roman Emperor Henry III authorized him to succeed his father as Duke of Upper Lorraine in 1044, but refused him the ducal title in Lower Lorraine, for he feared the power of a united duchy. Instead Henry threatened to appoint Gothelo, as Duke in Lower Lorraine. At a much date, Godfrey became Duke of Lower Lorraine, but he had lost the upper duchy by that point in time. Godfrey rebelled against his King and devastated land in Lower Lorraine, as well as the City of Verdun, he was soon defeated by an imperial army and imprisoned together with his son. When his son died in prison, the war recommenced. Baldwin V of Flanders joined Henry gave Thierry, Bishop of Verdun, the eponymous county. Godfrey surprised the sacked Verdun, burning the cathedral. On 11 November 1048 at Thuin, Godfrey fell on Adalbert, his replacement in Upper Lorraine, defeated him, killing him in battle.

Henry nominated the young Gerard of Chatenoy to replace Adalbert at the Diet of Worms. In his subsequent campaigns to take the Moselle region, Godfrey met with stiff resistance from Gerard and was forced to renounce his claims and reconcile with the Bishop, he assisted in rebuilding the cathedral he had destroyed. In 1053, his first wife Doda having died, Godfrey remarried Beatrice of Bar, the widow of Boniface III of Tuscany and mother of Matilda, Boniface's heir. Henry arrested Beatrice and her young son Frederick and imprisoned her in Germany, separate from either husband or son, who died within days; the emperor was invalid. Young Frederick died a short while later. Godfrey took over the government of the Tuscany in right of Beatrice and Matilda. Baldwin V rebelled, carrying the war to Trier and Nijmegen. Henry responded by devastating Flanders and ravaging Lille and Tournai. In this war, Godfrey captured Frederick of Luxembourg, Duke of Lower Lorraine, who had received that duchy, including Antwerp, from Henry III.

In 1055, Godfrey besieged Antwerp, but Frederick was delivered by the Lorrainers, no longer loyal to Godfrey. Henry died in 1056 and his successor, Henry IV, was only six years old. In that year, Baldwin did homage to the new King. In 1056 and 1059, by the treaties of Andernach, Baldwin received the March of Ename in the Landgraviate of Brabant in exchange for giving up the March of Valenciennes, confiscated by Emperor Henry III in 1045. In 1057, Godfrey was co-governed with her, he was enfeoffed with the Duchy of Spoleto by his brother. In January 1058, Leo de Benedicto Christiano threw open the city gates to him and Beatrice after the election of Pope Nicholas II. Possessing the Tiber and assaulting the Lateran, Godfrey succeeded in expelling the antipope Benedict X on 24 January. During the papal reign of his brother and his brother's reforming successors, he played an important role in the politics of central and northern Italy, including Sardinia, where he interfered on behalf of Barisone I of Logudoro against the Republic of Pisa, indicating his authority over both.

In 1065, he was recalled to become Duke of Lower Lorraine after the death of Frederick. He was given Antwerp again, he installed his court at Bouillon and died on Christmas Eve 1069. By Doda, he had: Godfrey, succeeded him in Lower Lorraine Ida of Lorraine, married Eustace II, Count of Boulogne Wiltrude, married Adalbert of Calw Runciman, Steven. A History of the Crusades. 1. Cambridge University Press. A. Creber, ‘Mirrors for Margraves: Peter Damian’s Different Models for Male and Female Rulers,’ Historical Reflections/Réflexions Historiques, 42:1, 8-20. Medieval Lands Project on Godfrey "le Barbu", Duke of Lower Lotharingia

Noel Blake

Noel Lloyd George Blake is a retired footballer and current coach. He was the head coach of the England national under-19 football team, he played in the Football League for Aston Villa, Shrewsbury Town, Birmingham City, Leeds United, Stoke City, Bradford City and Exeter City, in the Scottish Football League for Dundee. Born in Kingston, Blake moved to England and played football with non-league side Sutton Coldfield Town, he was spotted by scouts at Aston Villa. He struggled to force his way into the Villa side and went out on loan to Shrewsbury Town in 1982, he joined local rivals Birmingham City. He became a fan favourite with Birmingham as he scored against Villa in December 1982, he spent two years with Birmingham before signing with Portsmouth on the south coast. Whilst he did enjoy some success at'Pompey' winning promotion as Second Division runners-up in 1987, Blake had problems with racial abuse from his own supporters, at a time when racism was still rife in English football. After making over 150 appearances with Portsmouth, Blake joined Leeds United on a free transfer and he helped to club to promotion as Second Division champions in the 1989–90 season.

However his opportunities were limited the following season and so he was sold to Stoke City just after promotion was achieved, with Howard Wilkinson looking to spend on new players to build a squad capable of competing with the best in the First Division. Blake's old manager at Portsmouth Alan Ball tempted Blake to join him at Stoke City in 1990. Ball was sacked in February 1991 as Stoke went on to record their worst league position of 14th in the third tier. Stoke's new manager Lou Macari only used Blake sparingly and joined Bradford City on loan in 1992, he joined Bradford permanently and latter played for Scottish side Dundee before ending his playing career with Exeter City. Blake held the position of manager of Exeter City from January 2000 until September 2001. A qualified coach and holder of the UEFA Pro Licence, Blake was appointed in February 2007 as one of the Football Association's National Coaches to work with players in England's youth teams and to assist with coach education, he was placed in charge of the England under-19 team in 2009, leading the side to the semi-finals of the UEFA European Under-19 Championship in both 2010 and 2012 before leaving the Football Association in June 2014.

On 1 July it was reported. On 27 October Blake was put in temporary charge following the departure of Jose Riga, he left Blackpool in December 2014. Blake suffered a stroke in August 2015. PortsmouthFootball League Second Division runner-up: 1986–87 Sourced from The English National Football Archive Noel Blake at Soccerbase Noel Blake management career statistics at Soccerbase

Peter Chester

Peter Chester is an English convicted murderer and paedophile who launched a campaign for prisoners to be given the right to vote. Chester, married and lived on Lytham Road, South Shore was convicted of raping and murdering his seven-year-old niece, Donna Marie Gillbanks, at the home of his sister June Gillbanks in October 1977, he had fled the flat on Mickleden Road having left Donna Marie in her bed. She was discovered with strangle marks around her neck and the foam and blood in her mouth, by her mother the following morning after she had failed to get up, he was found guilty of rape and murder at Chester Crown Court in March 1978 and sentenced to life imprisonment with a recommended minimum term of 20 years. However, he remains imprisoned more than 30 years after his conviction as Parole Board reports have stated that the risk he poses is still too high for him to be granted parole. Chester launched his legal challenge to gain prisoners the right to vote in October 2009. Peter Chester took his case to the Court of Appeal which unanimously ruled to dismiss his case and denied him permission to appeal in the Supreme Court.

The three judges who heard the case concluded that criminals lose their right to vote once they are sentenced to jail