The Kreuzeck is a mountain in the Wetterstein mountain range of Bavaria, Germany with an elevation of 1,651 m above sea level. It is part of the present-day Garmisch Classic ski resort; the first ski area at Kreuzeck 1,340 m was developed for the 1936 Winter Olympics in neighboring Garmisch-Partenkirchen, the first Olympics to feature alpine skiing. The sole event was the combined, with two runs of slalom; the Kreuzeck valley base station served as finish line for the downhill, while the slalom was run at Gudiberg, adjacent to the ski jumping hill, Große Olympiaschanze. The Kreuzeck featured Germany's first Mountain Gondola which made the Kreuzeck range the alpine portal to the neighboring areas of the Kreuzjoch, the Alpspitze, the Höllental and provided the infrastructure to host the downhill event for the 1936 Winter Olympics; the original Olympic course is still maintained and accessible. The current downhill course garnered notoriety as a designated "Kandahar" event and continues to host World Cup events in downhill, super G, giant slalom.
It hosted the World Championships in 1978 and 2011. 1936 Winter Olympics official report. Pp. 289-303. Garmisch Classic - official site - Ski Map.org - Garmisch-Partenkirchen - 6 maps Alpine Ski Maps.com - Garmisch-Partenkirchen
The Miami Marlins are a Major League Baseball franchise based in Miami, Florida. They play in the National League East division. Since the franchise was established in 1993 as the Florida Marlins, the Marlins have selected 32 players in the first round. Known as the "First-Year Player Draft", the Rule 4 Draft is MLB's primary mechanism for assigning players from high schools and other amateur clubs to its franchises; the draft order is determined based on the previous season's standings, with the team possessing the worst record receiving the first pick. In addition, teams which lost free agents in the previous off-season may be awarded compensatory or supplementary picks; the First-Year Player Draft is unrelated to the 1992 expansion draft in which the Marlins filled their roster. Of the 32 players picked in the first round by the Marlins, 19 have been pitchers, the most of any position. Four outfielders were selected and three players each were taken at first base, third base, catcher; the Marlins have drafted one shortstop in the first round, though they have never taken a second baseman.
Seven of the players came from high universities in the state of California. Two of the Marlins' first-round picks have won championships with the franchise. Charles Johnson won a World Series title on the 1997 championship team and Josh Beckett won with the 2003 team. Beckett went on to be a part of the Boston Red Sox 2007 World Series championship team. Chris Coghlan is the only first-round pick of the Marlins to win the Rookie of the Year Award, taking the honor in 2009. None of their first-round picks have been elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame or won the Most Valuable Player or Cy Young Award; the Marlins have made three selections in the supplemental round of the draft and have made the first overall selection once. They have had five compensatory picks since their first draft in 1992; these additional picks are provided when a team loses a valuable free agent in the previous off-season, or, more if a team fails to sign a draft pick from the previous year. The Marlins have never failed to sign a first-round pick.
Miami Marlins minor league players V Through the 2012 draft, free agents were evaluated by the Elias Sports Bureau and rated "Type A", "Type B", or not compensation-eligible. If a team offered arbitration to a player but that player refused and subsequently signed with another team, the original team was able to receive additional draft picks. If a "Type A" free agent left in this way, his previous team received a supplemental pick and a compensatory pick from the team with which he signed. If a "Type B" free agent left in this way, his previous team received only a supplemental pick. Since the 2013 draft, free agents are no longer classified by type. However, if the free agent's last team acquired the player in a trade during the last year of his contract, it is ineligible to receive compensatory picks for that player. A The Marlins lost their first-round pick in 2001 to the Chicago White Sox as compensation for signing free agent Charles Johnson. B The Marlins gained a compensatory first-round pick in 2005 from the San Francisco Giants as compensation for losing free agent Armando Benítez.
C The Marlins gained a compensatory first-round pick in 2005 from the New York Yankees as compensation for losing free agent Carl Pavano. D The Marlins gained a supplemental first-round pick in 2005 for losing free agent Armando Benítez. E The Marlins gained a supplemental first-round pick in 2005 for losing free agent Carl Pavano. F The Marlins gained a supplemental first-round pick in 2006 for losing free agent A. J. Burnett. G The Marlins received a supplemental first-round pick from the Pittsburgh Pirates, along with outfielder Gorkys Hernández, on July 31, 2012, in exchange for Gaby Sánchez and minor league pitcher Kyle Kaminska; the Pirates received the pick as a result of the 2012 Competitive Balance Lottery. General references"MLB First Round Draft Picks". ESPN.com. Retrieved July 24, 2010. "Florida Marlins 1st Round Picks in the MLB June Amateur Draft". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 24, 2010. In-text citations