FedExField Jack Kent Cooke Stadium, is an American football stadium located near the Capital Beltway in Prince George's County, Maryland, U. S. 5 miles east of Washington, D. C. near the site of the old Capital Centre arena. The stadium is the home of the Washington Redskins of the National Football League. From 2004 until 2010, it had the largest seating capacity in the NFL at over 91,000; the capacity is 82,000. FedEx Field has a Landover postal address. FedExField was built as a replacement for the Redskins' prior venue, Robert F. Kennedy Memorial Stadium in Washington, D. C. In 1994 Jack Kent Cooke sought to build a new stadium on the grounds adjacent to Laurel Park Racecourse along Whiskey Bottom and Brock Bridge roads. Lack of parking facilities and support prompted a second site selection; the stadium opened in 1997 as Jack Kent Cooke Stadium, in honor of the deceased owner of the team, the stadium site was known as Raljon from the first names of Cooke's sons – "Ralph" and "John". Notably, Cooke was able to register Raljon with the United States Postal Service as a legal alternate address for the 20785 zip code of Landover, where the stadium is located, went to some lengths to require media to use Raljon in datelines from the stadium.
This ended when Daniel Snyder bought the Redskins from the Cooke estate, the Redskins now give the stadium's address as Landover. A special exit, Exit 16, was built from the Capital Beltway. After Snyder's purchase, the stadium's naming rights were sold to FedEx in November 1999 for an average of $7.6 million per year. The waiting list for Redskins season tickets was over 160,000 names long. However, according to The Washington Post, Redskins ticket office employees improperly sold tickets directly to ticket brokers for several years before the practice was discovered in 2009. Although the Redskins have never sold out the entire stadium, the team has not had a game blacked out on local television since 1972 because it does not count "premium club level seating" when calculating sellouts. From 2004 to 2010 Redskins fans set. In 2005 the team drew a record 716,998 fans overall; the December 30, 2007, 27–6 win against the Dallas Cowboys was the most watched game in Redskins history, with 90,910 fans in the stands to see Washington clinch a playoff spot.
The team lead the NFL in attendance in 2000 and every year between 2002 and 2008 On January 8, 2000, the Washington Redskins defeated the Detroit Lions 27–13 in the first NFL playoff game at FedExField. On December 29, 2002, the Redskins defeated the rival Dallas Cowboys, 20–14; this game was Darrell Green's final game. He played 20 seasons with the Redskins; the game broke a 10-game losing streak to the Cowboys. The stadium has five levels – the Lower Level, the Club Level, the Lower and Upper Suite Levels, the Upper Level; the Lower and Upper Levels are all named after important figures of the Redskins, NFL, Washington, D. C. area. The Lower Level is named "George Preston Marshall Lower Level", The Club is named "Joe Gibbs Club Level, The Upper Level is called "Pete Rozelle Upper Level." The Suite Levels have 243 suite and Owner's Club luxury boxes and 15,044 club seats. After Daniel Snyder purchased the Redskins, five rows of "Dream Seats" were installed in front of what had been the first row of the lower level, extending down to the level of the field.
Seats in the previous first row of the lower level were not tall enough to see over the players on the sidelines. FedExField hosts the annual Prince George's Classic college football game, a game between two black universities, it has hosted several other college football games as well, including the 1998 game between the University of Notre Dame and the United States Naval Academy. The 2004 Black Coaches Association Classic between the University of Southern California Trojans and the Virginia Tech Hokies, the 112th Army–Navy Game. FedExField is not well known as a soccer venue, as D. C. United of Major League Soccer elected to remain at RFK Stadium after the new stadium's opening, they began playing at Audi Field within the city in 2018. FedExField has been used for some international soccer matches — both for the United States and for El Salvador. On March 28, 2015, Argentina defeated El Salvador at FedExField before a crowd of 53,978. On June 7, 2014, the stadium hosted a doubleheader. Spain, the 2010 World Cup winner, defeated El Salvador 2–0 in a warm-up match in front of a crowd of 53,267 before the 2014 World Cup.
C. United played Columbus Crew to a scoreless draw in D. C. United's first time hosting an MLS regular season game at FedExField, it hosted one quarterfinal doubleheader in the 1999 Women's World Cup. On July 1, 1999, the United States women's national soccer team defeated the German women's national team 3–2 in the FIFA Women's World Cup 1999 quarterfinals. FedExField has hosted a number of club soccer exhibition matches. During the July 2005 World Series of Football, D. C. United hosted Chelsea F. C. there. C. United's third-highest home attendance. On August 9, 2009, D. C. United hosted another international friendly against Real Madrid at FedExField. On July 30, 2011, Manchester United ended its 2011 summer tour with a 2–1 win over F. C. Barcelona at FedExField in front of 81,807 fans; this represented the largest soccer crowd in D. C.-area history. FedExField was used on July
Personnel Psychology is a subfield of Industrial and Organizational Psychology. Personnel psychology is the area of industrial/organizational psychology that deals with the recruitment and evaluation of personnel, other job aspects such as morale, job satisfaction, relationships between managers and workers in the workplace, it is the field of study that concentrates on the evaluation of employees. By the end of the nineteenth century, industrial, or personnel psychology, was developed as a way to understand work behavior. One influential figure in the beginning of this new area was Hugo Munsterberg, a German psychologist, trained by Wilhelm Wundt and who worked with William James. Munsterberg studied selection and fit in the workplace, he proposed experimental methods as solutions to business problems in his text and Industrial Efficiency, he served on the faculty at Harvard, in his writings, talked about such topics as fit in a career, from both an employer's and employee's perspective. Walter Dill Scott trained by Wundt and a professor at Northwestern University, is credited with the foundation of I/O psychology, as he used such psychology in advertising and in founding the first personnel consulting firm.
The time around WW. Robert Yerkes, along with Walter Van Dyke Bingham and Scott, headed the selection and placement of army personnel with their Army Alpha and Army Beta tests; these test helped to bring attention to testing as a form of selection and their uses in practical applications. This was the beginning of industrial psychology in the real world as opposed to the world of academia. World War II was marked by much of the same needs as in World War I. Bingham and Yeakes helped out the military again in developing research programs designed to assess work behavior, including: the Army General Classification Test, the Aircrew Classification Test Battery, assessment center methods, performance appraisal methods. Post World War II advances were seen in increased doctoral programs, master's degree programs, the expansion of other existing programs; as opposed to war defining most of the twentieth century and the use of the applied psychology, economics will be the main focus of the twenty-first century.
Technology is changing and decreasing the number of jobs for individuals. All these applications and areas will help to serve as importance for I/O psychology in the workplace and economic world. Personnel psychology is used in a variety of ways; some of the most important functions it serves range from analyzing corporate culture and individual and group interactions to developing and evaluating employee selection and appraisal techniques. Other areas of use are assessing corporate leadership and employee motivation strategies, identifying causes and resolutions to internal conflicts, advising management of the potential psychological and social impact of corporate policies, researching ways organizations can manage cultural differences and leadership styles. Personnel psychologists work in a variety of settings, including education, business and agency environments. Many personnel psychologists serve as human resources specialists, helping organizations with staffing and employee development and management in areas such as strategic planning, quality management, adjustments to organization changes.
Personnel psychologists apply psychological principles to organizations. This field focuses on increasing workplace productivity and related issues such as the physical and mental well being of employees. Personnel psychologists use psychological measurement and research findings related to human abilities, motivation and learning in seeking to improve the fit between the needs of the work organization and those of the people who populate it. Job analysis can be defined as "A loose term for the study of particular aspects of a given job; those aspects may range from the tasks and duties of the position, to an examination of the desirable qualities of an employee, to the conditions of employment including pay, promotion opportunities, etc.". There are many different ways to conduct a job analysis, as there are many different parts to it: job evaluation, job description, job specifications; the most common tool used to measure job design is the Job Description Survey or JDS, but there is growing literature for other surveys and measures such as the Work Design Questionnaire or WDQ.
Such analyses are used to determine "what is important" within the job description, so as to better educate companies and individuals on the descriptions and requirements of the job. Selection involves the exchange of information between employers. Personnel selection involves the goal alignment of applicants and organizations, however those goals may not always line up at times, thus selection processes are designed to ensure that those goals line up and individuals are the best "fit" for the organization. Thus individuals may be to adapt their own behavior to better align with an organization. Interviews are one of the most important pieces of information in regards to selection decisions. In the interviews, it is found that individuals are more to exhibit
Karel Hubáček was a Czech architect who designed the Ještěd Tower and hotel atop the Ještěd mountain near Liberec. Hubáček's best known work was the Ještěd Tower, constructed between 1966 and 1973. In 1969, the Ještěd Tower received the Perret Prize from the International Union of Architects. In 2000, Czech architects named Hubáček's tower most successful domestic architectural work of the 20th Century. In addition to the Ještěd Tower, Hubáček designed buildings throughout the Czech Republic. Czech architects named Hubáček the fourth most influential Czech architect of all time, he was the only living architect to place in the top ten in the same survey. Hubáček was born in Prague, Czechoslovakia, on 23 February 1924, he died in the Czech Republic on 25 November 2011, at the age of 87