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Federal Information Processing Standards

Federal Information Processing Standards are publicly announced standards developed by the National Institute of Standards and Technology for use in computer systems by non-military American government agencies and government contractors. FIPS standards are issued to establish requirements for various purposes such as ensuring computer security and interoperability, are intended for cases in which suitable industry standards do not exist. Many FIPS specifications are modified versions of standards used in the technical communities, such as the American National Standards Institute, the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, the International Organization for Standardization; the U. S. government has developed various FIPS specifications to standardize a number of topics including: Codes: for instance, standards for encoding data. In 1994 NOAA began broadcasting coded signals called FIPS codes along with their standard weather broadcasts from local stations; these codes identify the type of emergency and the specific geographic area, such as a county, affected by the emergency.

Encryption standards, such as the Data Encryption Standard and the Advanced Encryption Standard Some FIPS standards have related to the security of data processing systems. Some of these included the use of key escrow systems; some examples of FIPS Codes for geographical areas include FIPS 10-4 for country codes or region codes and FIPS 5-2 for state codes. These codes were similar to or comparable with, but not the same as, ISO 3166, or the NUTS standard of the European Union. In 2002, the National Institute of Standards and Technology withdrew several geographic FIPS code standards, including those for countries, U. S. states, counties. These are to be replaced by INCITS standards 38 and 31, respectively; some of the codes maintain the previous numerical system for states. In 2008, NIST withdrew the FIPS 55-3 database; this database included 5-digit numeric place codes for cities and villages, or other centers of population in the United States. The codes were assigned alphabetically to places within each state, as a result changed in order to maintain the alphabetical sorting.

NIST replaced these codes with the more permanent GNIS Feature ID, maintained by the U. S. Board on Geographic Names; the GNIS database is the official geographic names repository database for the United States, is designated the only source of geographic names and locative attributes for use by the agencies of the Federal Government. FIPS 8-6 "Metropolitan Areas" and 9-1 "Congressional Districts of the U. S." were withdrawn in 2008, to be replaced with INCITS standards 454 and 455, respectively. The U. S. Census Bureau used FIPS place codes database to identify legal and statistical entities for county subdivisions and American Indian areas, Alaska Native areas, or Hawaiian home lands when they needed to present census data for these areas. In response to the NIST decision, the Census Bureau is in the process of transitioning over to the GNIS Feature ID, which will be completed after the 2010 Census; until previously issued FIPS place codes, renamed "Census Code," will continue to be used, with the Census bureau assigning new codes as needed for their internal use during the transition.

Federal Information Security Management Act of 2002 FIPS 137 FIPS 140 Security requirements for cryptography modules FIPS 153 FIPS 197 FIPS 199 Standards for Security Categorization of Federal Information and Information Systems FIPS 201 Personal Identity Verification for Federal Employees and Contractors List of FIPS region codes List of FIPS state codes FIPS homepage at NIST

Guido Schmidt-Chiari

Guido Schmidt-Chiari was an Austrian banker. He was the CEO of the Austrian bank Creditanstalt. Schmidt-Chiari was born in Vienna, the eldest child of Guido Schmidt, he married Countess Stephanie Strachwitz in 1974, with. Stephanie Schmidt-Chiari is a direct cousin of the American music producer Chris Strachwitz. In 1952 Guido Schmidt-Chiari moved to Brazil to work for a subsidiary of Alpine-Mountain in Rio de Janeiro and in 1953 set up the São Paulo distribution branch for Jenbacher Werke products, he in 1956 received his PhD in law from the University of Vienna. In 1957 Guido Schmidt-Chiari worked for the Belgian-American Banking Corporation in New York City. In 1958 he began work at Creditanstalt in Vienna, in 1971 he was appointed to the Executive Board and further promoted to CEO in 1988. After the Fall of the Iron Curtain Schmidt-Chiari initiated the expansion of Creditanstalt into Central European countries. Following the acquisition of Creditanstalt by Bank Austria Schmidt-Chiari resigned in 1997.

Under the direction of Guido Schmidt-Chiari, the Creditanstalt Group grew manifold and saw net profit after tax grow from 1.2 billion ATS in 1991 to 5.8 billion ATS in 1997, an increase in return on equity from 6% to 19.2%, making Creditanstalt by far the most profitable bank in Austria at the time. The Schmidt-Chiari family have a large equity stake in two family businesses: Joseph Schmidt's Erben an industrial distribution company and the Arlberger Bergbahnen AG, a ski lift operator with resorts in Austria and Poland; the main lift business operates the world-renowned ski resort of St. Anton am Arlberg Schmidt-Chiari has chaired the supervisory board of several leading Austrian companies and held a wide variety of other posts including being on the Morgan Stanley European Advisory Board and the General Council of Assicurazioni Generali, Trieste, he was the President of the Austrian Bankers Association and founded the Austrian Delegation to the Trilateral Commission. Aside from his involvement in the financial world, Guido Schmidt-Chiari and his wife, Stephanie enjoy collecting turn of the century Viennese Jugendstil, with a focus on those by the architect and designer Josef Hofmann and his contemporaries.

Stephanie Schmidt-Chiari is a member of the International Council of the Museum of Modern Art, New York and Guido Schmidt-Chiari is an Advisory Board Member of Mumok, Vienna as well as on the Board of Directors of the Wiener Konzerthaus, Vienna. Schmidt-Chiari died in Sankt Anton am Arlberg, Austria on 21 August 2016. Among other decorations Guido Schmidt-Chiari has been appointed an Honorary Senator of the Business University of Vienna and an Honorary Senator of the Technical University of Vienna as well as Officier de la Legion d'Honneur

Leyton F.C.

Leyton Football Club was an English association football club based in Leyton, in the London Borough of Waltham Forest. The team withdrew from the Isthmian League Division One North in January disbanded; the first team to go by the name was founded in 1868, the last incarnation of the club, which began playing in 1997, won a High Court action in 2002 in support of its claim to be a continuation of the original team, making it at that stage the second oldest existing club in Greater London, after Cray Wanderers. The team played in white shirts with blue shorts and white socks and were nicknamed the Lilywhites or Lillies; the club were unrelated to their Football League neighbours Leyton Orient. The club was founded in 1868, disbanded several times in its history. In 1975 the club merged with Wingate F. C. to become Leyton-Wingate F. C. until 1992 when the two clubs parted company and the name reverted to Leyton. In 1995 the club merged with Walthamstow Pennant and moved away from Leyton Stadium to become Leyton Pennant F.

C. now known as Walthamstow. A new Leyton Football Club was set up in 1997, following a High Court case in 2002, won the right to be recognised as a continuation of the original club. A statement by lawyers Richard West Freeman Christofi reads: "Please note that by Order of the High Court Chancery Division dated 26 July 2002, in an action brought against Leyton Pennant Football Club and the Football Association, Leyton Football Club of Wingate Stadium Lea Bridge Road Leyton has been restored as Leyton Football Club, the unincorporated club formed in 1868. In 2003–04 Leyton finished second in the Isthmian League First Division North, gaining a place in the new Isthmian League Premier Division for the following season as the non-league pyramid was reconstructed. In 2004–05 Leyton finished fifth in the Isthmian Premier Division and reached the final of the play-offs for promotion to the Conference South, but the Lilywhites were beaten 2–1 in the final by Eastleigh. Costas Sophocleous, the club chairman, was once the manager.

Having managed the team for the 2003–04 and 2004–05 seasons, Sophocleous decided to step back from management to concentrate on his role as chairman. Following a bad start to the season, two managers were sacked in quick succession and the chairman took over the managerial role again. Leyton F. C appointed Troy Townsend as manager for the English 2005–06 season, he continued to manage the first team squad, the reserves side and the Eastern Junior Alliance U18s squad. In 2006–07 Leyton completed the season in 15th position; this led Troy Townsend to step aside as manager of the first team to concentrate on the reserves and U18s sides. The following season, under manager Rowley Cray, the club suffered an 11–1 home defeat to Hendon and a 9–0 loss at AFC Hornchurch en route to relegation. Steve Newing and Del Deanus were appointed as joint managers for the 2008–09 season, but resigned in November citing financial difficulties at the club. Tony Ievoli took the reins but he resigned at the start of September 2009, before being replaced by former Grays Athletic manager, Craig Edwards.

In November 2009 Edwards was replaced by Ivan Persaud. In October 2009, following an investigation by HMRC, chairman Costas Sophocleous and former director Philip Foster pleaded guilty to their parts in a £16 million VAT fraud. In January 2010 Sophocleous was sentenced to Foster to 5 years 3 months. Sophocleous' son, former Leyton player Mark, his wife, were found not guilty of associated money laundering charges. Accountant Stewart Collins was sentenced to 6 years. Sophocleous was replaced by former vice-chairman Tony Hardy. Following Costas Sophocleous' conviction, Ivan Persaud left the club and was replaced as manager by former player Malcolm Dannie for the beginning of February 2010; the team's inability to win a game in his tenure led to Dannie leaving and being replaced by former Ashford Town Middlesex Reserve Team manager Wilson Frimpong for the final six games of the season, during which time the team went unbeaten but still failed narrowly to avoid finishing 21st and in the relegation zone.

However, because several clubs higher in the pyramid were dissolved or demoted, Leyton were awarded a reprieve and remained in the Isthmian League Division One North division for the 2010–11 season. In January 2011, after a short suspension from the league for not paying its subscription, the club was forced to withdraw from the league due to debt. Following this, the chairman, secretary and players all left the club ending its existence. Leyton F. C. played at the Leyton Stadium. At its height the club had ten youth teams, ranging in age from under nines to under eighteens, ran a Football in the Community scheme for local schools; as Leyton FC Athenian League: 1928–29, 1965–66, 1966–67 Runners-up: 1945–46, 1964–65 Essex Senior Cup: 1896–97, 1897–1898, 1899–00, 1900–01, 1902–03, 1929–30, 1930–31, 1934–35 FA Amateur Cup: 1926–27, 1927–28, 1951–52 Runners-up: 1933–34, 1936–37 London Charity Cup: 1934–35, 1936–37 London League: 1923–24, 1924–25 London Senior Cup: 1903–04, 1925–26 South Ess