The Federation of Expellees is a non-profit organization formed in West Germany on 27 October 1957 to represent the interests of German nationals of all ethnicities and foreign ethnic Germans and their families who either fled their homes in parts of Central and Eastern Europe, or were forcibly expelled following World War II. Since 2014 the president of the Federation has been Bernd Fabritius, a Christian Social Union in Bavaria politician, it is estimated that in the aftermath of World War II between 13 and 16 million ethnic Germans fled or were expelled from parts of Central and Eastern Europe, including the former eastern territories of Germany, the Czech Republic, Slovenia, Croatia, the Kaliningrad Oblast of Russia, hitherto USSR and prior to this, the northern part of East Prussia, Lithuania and other East European countries. The Charter of the German Expellees of August 5, 1950, announced their belief in requiring that "the right to the homeland is recognized and carried out as one of the fundamental rights of mankind given by God", while renouncing revenge and retaliation in the face of the "unending suffering" of the previous decade, supporting the unified effort to rebuild Germany and Europe.
The charter has been criticised for avoiding mentioning Nazi atrocities of Second World War and Germans who were forced to emigrate due to Nazi repressions. Critics argue that the Charter presents the history of German people as starting from the expulsions, while ignoring events like the Holocaust. Professor Micha Brumlik pointed out that one third of signatories were former devoted Nazis and many helped in realisation of Hitler's goals. Ralph Giordano wrote in Hamburger Abendblatt "the Charter doesn't contain a word about Hitler and Buchenwald. Not to mention any sign of apologies for the suffering of the murdered people", "avoids mentioning the reasons for expulsions" and called the document "example of German art of crowding out the truth The fact that the charter ignores the reasons for the expulsions deprives it of any value". Between 1953, when the Federal Expellee Law was passed, 1991, the West German government passed several laws dealing with German expellees; the most notable of these is the "Law of Return" which granted German citizenship to any ethnic German.
Several additions were made to these laws. The German Law of Return declared refugee status to be inheritable. According to the Federal Expellee Law, "the spouse and the descendants" of an expellee are to be treated as if they were expellees themselves, regardless of whether they had been displaced; the Federation of Expellees has lobbied to preserve the inheritability clause. The Federation of Expellees was formed on 27 October 1957 in West Germany. Before its founding, the Bund der Heimatvertriebenen, formed in 1950, represented the interests of displaced German expellees. Intriguingly, in its first few years, the league was more successful in West Germany than in East Germany. Previous West German governments those led by the Christian Democratic Union, had shown more rhetorical support for the territorial claims made on behalf of German refugees and expellees. Although the Social Democrats showed strong support for the expellees under Kurt Schumacher and Erich Ollenhauer, Social Democrats in more recent decades have been less supportive — and it was under Willy Brandt that West Germany recognized the Oder-Neisse line as the eastern German border with Poland under his policy of Ostpolitik.
In reality, accepting the internationally recognized boundary made it more possible for eastern Germans to visit their lost homelands. In 1989-1990 the West German government realized they had an opportunity to reunify the Federal Republic of Germany and the Soviet created German Democratic Republic, but they believed. One of the potential complications was the claim to the historical eastern territories of Germany; the West German government under the CDU accepted the 1990 Treaty on the Final Settlement With Respect to Germany, which re-established the sovereignty of both German states. A condition of this agreement was. Upon reunification in 1990, the constitution was amended to state that Germany's territory had reached its full extent. Article 146 was amended so that Article 23 of the current constitution could be used for reunification. Once the five "reestablished federal states" in the east had been united with the west, the Basic Law was amended again to show that there were no other parts of Germany, which existed outside of the unified territory, that had not acceded.
In 2000 the Federation of Expellees initiated the formation of the Center Against Expulsions. Chairwoman of this Center is Erika Steinbach, who headed it together with former SPD politician Prof. Dr. Peter Glotz. Erika Steinbach, the chair of the Federation of Expellees, has rejected any compensation claims; the vice president of the Federation Rudi Pawelka is however a chairman of the supervisory board of the Prussian Trust. A European organisation for expellees has been formed: EUFV. Headquarters is Italy; the expellees are organized in 21 regional associations, accor
The France women's national volleyball team represents France in international women's volleyball competitions and friendly matches. It is governed by the French Volleyball Federation. Champions Runners up Third place Fourth place Champions Runners up Third place Fourth place 2017 — 27th 1991 — 9th place 1993 — did not qualify 1995 — did not qualify 1997 — did not qualify 1999 — did not qualify 2001 — 8th place 2003 — did not qualify 2005 — did not qualify 2007 — 8th place 2009 — 14th place 2011 — 10th place 2013 — 8th place The following is the France roster in the 2013 Women's European Volleyball Championship Head coach: Fabrice Vial 2001 European Championship — 8th place Lauranne Dautais, Karine Havas, Virginie Kadjo, Sandra Kociniewski, Laure Koenig, Séverine Lienard, Sylvie Lopes, Kinga Maculewicz, Karine Salinas, Virginie Sarpaux, Séverine Szewczyk, Sandra Urios. Head Coach: Jue Gang-Bai. 2007 European Championship — 8th place Christina Bauer, Alexia Djilali, Armelle Faesch, Sandra Kociniewski, Jelena Lozancic, Estelle Querard, Victoria Ravva, Alexandra Rochelle, Anna Rybaczewski, Karine Salinas, Hélène Schleck, Leslie Turiaf.
Head Coach: Yan Fang. 2009 European Championship — 14th place Véronika Hudima, Félicia Menara, Christina Bauer, Amandine Mauricette, Pauline Soullard, Anna Rybaczewski, Maëva Orlé, Armelle Faesch, Déborah Ortschitt, Alexia Djilali, Séverine Liénard, Séverine Szewczyk, Estelle Quérard, Jelena Lozančić. Head Coach: Fabrice Vial. 2011 European Championship — 10th place Pauline Soullard, Véronika Hudima, Taiana Téré, Christina Bauer, Alexandra Rochelle, Jelena Lozančić, Anna Rybaczewski, Maëva Orlé, Armelle Faesch, Mallory Steux, Julie Mollinger, Hélène Schleck, Alexandra Dascalu, Marielle Bousquet. Head Coach: Fabrice Vial. France men's national volleyball team French Volleyball Federation
"All Fall Down" is a dubstep song by Austrian drum and bass duo Camo & Krooked. The song features trance music vocalist Shaz Sparks, known for her collaborations with drum and bass artist John B, with lyrics co-written by Robbie Bronnimann, it was released as a single along with the AA-side track "Breezeblock". The single was released in the United Kingdom on 3 June 2011 through Hospital Records. Both tracks from the single appear on their second studio album Cross the Line. "All Fall Down" became one of the Camo & Krooked's first charting songs as it has reached number 196 in the UK Singles Chart, as well as number 40 in the UK Dance Chart and number 20 in the UK Indie Chart. A music video was released for "All Fall Down" on YouTube through the official Hospital Records channel and through the UKF Music channel UKFDubstep, it was first published on 3 June 2011. The video was designed in a digitally-generated fantasy world, similar to that portrayed in the Tron franchise. A music video for "Breezeblock" was released on the same day through the Hospital Records channel and through UKF Music's second channel UKFDrumandBass.
The video visualises a fictional game show called'The Drop' where two contestants have a dance-off against each other trying to not collapse to the floor with exhaustion
The Indian Council of Social Science Research is the national body overseeing research in the social sciences in India. It was established in New Delhi in 1969.:3606 It provides funding to scholars and to a network of twenty-seven research institutes,:3606 among them: the Institute of Economic Growth, Delhi the Centre for Development Studies, Thiruvananthapuram the Centre for Policy Research, New Delhi the Centre for Studies in Social Sciences, Calcutta the Centre for the Study of Developing Societies, Delhi the Centre for Multi-Disciplinary Development Research the Centre for Women's Development Studies, Delhi the Govind Ballabh Pant Social Science Institute, Allahabad the Indian Institute Of Economics, Hyderabad the Institute of Public Enterprise, Hyderabad the Institute for Social and Economic Change, Bangalore the Institute for Studies in Industrial Development, New Delhi the Madras Institute of Development Studies. The Omeo Kumar Das Institute of Social Change and Development, GuwahatiA large proportion of its budget is spent on its own administration.
Nicole Abiouness is an American female entrepreneur and winemaker. She owns and operates Abiouness Wines, in Mendocino County, Napa Valley, California where she makes Pinot Noir and Sangiovese wine. Abiouness is from Hampton Roads, daughter of a Lebanese-American structural engineer. After graduating from Norfolk Academy in 1990, Abiouness graduated with degrees from the College of William and Mary, subsequently interning for the Wall Street Journal in Brussels, Belgium. Abiouness, who lives in St. Helena, California studied wine and winemaking at the Culinary Institute of America in Napa Valley. Abiouness worked in the wine industry in Oakville, California with Swanson Vineyards, subsequently working with Australian winery Yalumba in 1996 and with two wineries in France, Château La Tour Blanche and Domaine Comte Armand, she returned to California in 1998, working with Chappellet Winery, teaching at Robert Mondavi and acting as cellar master with Luna Vineyards in the Napa Valley. Abiouness started making her own wine in 1999, creating a Sangiovese, derived from a red Italian wine grape variety.
In 2000, Abinouness opened Abiouness Wines, presented its first wine, from vintage Pinot noir grapes of the Carneros AVA. The winery's subsequent Pinot vintages, such as the 2006, came from vineyards in Carneros; as of 2009, Abiouness Wine produced 1,000 cases under its own label. As a small-production winery, or boutique winery, Abiouness Wines subcontracts winemaking services to a Santa Rosa-based collective — a crush facility that provides logistics, barrel storage, tank rooms, sorting, crushing/destemming and pressing; the Abiouness office is located in St. Helena. Official website
François Alluaud was a French manufacturer of Limoges porcelain and mineralogist. He was the grandfather of entomologist Charles Alluaud. Following the death of his father in 1799, named François Alluaud, he took over ownership of the family porcelain factory in Limoges; the company operated its own quarries. He was among the first to study the geology of the Limousin region of France, his interest in geology began by way of investigations of kaolin deposits, the key raw material in the manufacture of porcelain. He was founder-president of the Société archéologique et historique du Limousin, in 1860, was appointed president of the Société d'agriculture, des sciences et des arts de la Haute-Vienne, he had an interest in politics, being involved in the July Revolution of 1830 and subsequently serving as mayor of Limoges and as prefect of Haute-Vienne. He was the first to describe the minerals heterosite. In 1847 Alexis Damour named the mineral alluaudite in his honor. Mémoire sur la minéralogie et sur l’exploitation des mines de la Haute-Vienne, 1809.
– Memoir on mineralogy and mining of Haute-Vienne. Essai historique sur M. Juge-de-Saint-Martin, ancien magistrat, président honoraire de la Société... D'agriculture, sciences et arts de Limoges, lu à la séance publique de cette Société, du 4 novembre 1825, Limoges: F. Chapoulaud, 1827. – Historical essay on Mr. Juge-de Saint-Martin, etc. Du drainage dans la Haute-Vienne, Limoges: impr. de Chapoulaud frères, 1851. – On drainage in Haute-Vienne. De l'influence de la cuisson à la houille sur l'avenir des fabriques de porcelaine en Limousin, Limoges: impr. de Chapoulaud frères, – Involving the use of coal in the future for porcelain factories in Limousin. Porcelaine. Historique et statistique de cette poterie en Limousin. Extrait des "Nouvelles Éphémérides du ressort de la cour royale de Limoges..." – Porcelain. History and statistics of this type of pottery in Limousin. Aperçu géologique et minéralogique sur le département de la Haute-Vienne, 1860 – Geological and mineralogical overview on the department of Haute-Vienne