La Plata is the capital city of Buenos Aires Province, Argentina. According to the 2001 census, it has a population of 765,378 and its metropolitan area has 899,523 inhabitants. La Plata was planned and developed to serve as the provincial capital after the city of Buenos Aires was federalized in 1880, it was founded by Governor Dardo Rocha on 19 November 1882. Its construction is documented in photographs by Tomás Bradley Sutton. La Plata was known as Ciudad Eva Perón between 1952 and 1955; the city is home to two important first division football teams: Estudiantes de La Plata and Gimnasia y Esgrima La Plata. Rocha decided to erect a new city to host the provincial government institutions and a university, planned. Urban planner Pedro Benoit designed a city layout based on a rationalist conception of urban centers; the city has the shape of a square with a central park and two main diagonal avenues, north to south and east to west. In addition, there are numerous other shorter diagonal streets.
This design is copied in a self-similar manner in small blocks of six by six blocks in length. For every six blocks, there is square. Other than the diagonal streets, all streets are on a rectangular grid and are numbered consecutively. Thus, La Plata is nicknamed "la ciudad de las diagonales", it is called "la ciudad de los tilos", because of the large number of linden trees lining the many streets and squares. The linden tree is one of a number of deciduous Northern Hemisphere tree species which dominate La Plata's parks and streets. Palms and subtropical broadleaf evergreen trees are comparatively infrequent; the city design and its buildings are noted to possess a strong Freemason symbolism. This is said to be a consequence of both Benoit being Freemasons; the designs for the government buildings were chosen in an international architectural competition. Thus, the Governor Palace was designed by the City Hall by Germans, etc.. Electric street lighting was installed in 1884, was the first of its kind in Latin America.
The neo-Gothic cathedral of La Plata is the largest church in Argentina. The Teatro Argentino de La Plata is one of the most important opera houses in Argentina, second to the Teatro Colón in Buenos Aires; the theatre was built on 51st and 53rd Avenue. It was opened on 19 November 1890, it was designed by Leopoldo Rochi in Renaissance style. The work was funded by the first inhabitants of La Plata, but as maintenance was expensive, it was donated to the Province of Buenos Aires. In the foyer, entering through the majestic doors, there was a beautiful white Carrara marble staircase. In the concert hall, hangs a huge chandelier with trimmings suspended from the ceiling; the easy chairs were tapestried in blue velveteen and the Bordeaux curtain was embroidered in gold. It had marvelous acoustics. In those years, the students of the Verdi Conservatory of Music performed in the theatre, their annual show of classical Spanish and folklore dances with the teachers Carmen de Toledo, Mrs Schubert and Nelly Rossotti respectively.
Surrounding the theatre was the "Peace Garden," containing flags and national flowers of several countries. People strolled and children played along its stony paths. However, fate decreed; this has been noted as one of the largest losses to La Plata's historical heritage. It was replaced by a new building, which houses the theatre's orchestra and ballet, boasting several halls; the Curutchet House is one of the two buildings by Le Corbusier built in the Americas. The University of La Plata was founded in 1897 and nationalized in 1905, it is well known for natural history museum. Ernesto Sabato graduated in Physics at this university. Doctor René Favaloro was another famous alumnus. During its early years, the university attracted a number of renowned intellectuals from the Spanish-speaking world, such as Dominican Pedro Henríquez Ureña. San Ponciano church is situated on the corner of 5th Streets, it was the first chapel in La Plata, inaugurated on 19 November 1883, on the first anniversary of the foundation of the city.
The project belongs to Pedro Benoit, the designer of the city plan. Its neogothic style has been well kept and the inner paintings are now being restored; the founder of the city, Dardo Rocha, named it "San Ponciano" in memory of Ponciano. St. Ponciano was born in Rome. In 230 he was elected as Bishop of Pope; because of the Christian Persecution he was forced into exile to the unhealthy Sardinia Island. In 235 he resigned his position as pope because he did not want to leave the Church in a difficult situation during his absence, he was buried in the catacombs of Saint Callixtus among eight other Popes. Inside the church, you can see the authentic "Virgen de Luján" niche, moved here in 1904.- Under Alvear's administration, Enrique Mosconi, the president of the oil state company Yacimientos Petrolíferos Fiscales, created the distillery of La Plata, the tenth largest in the world. On 10 December 1945, in the Parish church of St. Francis of Assisi in this city, Juan Domingo Perón and Eva Duarte got married.
The city was renamed in 1952 as Eva Perón, though its original name was restored in 1955. Several daily newspapers are published there, the most prominent of, El Día. In October 1998, UNESCO approved the city's bid to gain recogni
Argentina the Argentine Republic, is a country located in the southern half of South America. Sharing the bulk of the Southern Cone with Chile to the west, the country is bordered by Bolivia and Paraguay to the north, Brazil to the northeast and the South Atlantic Ocean to the east, the Drake Passage to the south. With a mainland area of 2,780,400 km2, Argentina is the eighth-largest country in the world, the fourth largest in the Americas, the largest Spanish-speaking nation; the sovereign state is subdivided into twenty-three provinces and one autonomous city, Buenos Aires, the federal capital of the nation as decided by Congress. The provinces and the capital exist under a federal system. Argentina claims sovereignty over part of Antarctica, the Falkland Islands, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands; the earliest recorded human presence in modern-day Argentina dates back to the Paleolithic period. The Inca Empire expanded to the northwest of the country in Pre-Columbian times; the country has its roots in Spanish colonization of the region during the 16th century.
Argentina rose as the successor state of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata, a Spanish overseas viceroyalty founded in 1776. The declaration and fight for independence was followed by an extended civil war that lasted until 1861, culminating in the country's reorganization as a federation of provinces with Buenos Aires as its capital city; the country thereafter enjoyed relative peace and stability, with several waves of European immigration radically reshaping its cultural and demographic outlook. The almost-unparalleled increase in prosperity led to Argentina becoming the seventh wealthiest nation in the world by the early 20th century. Following the Great Depression in the 1930s, Argentina descended into political instability and economic decline that pushed it back into underdevelopment, though it remained among the fifteen richest countries for several decades. Following the death of President Juan Perón in 1974, his widow, Isabel Martínez de Perón, ascended to the presidency, she was overthrown in 1976 by a U.
S.-backed coup which installed a right-wing military dictatorship. The military government persecuted and murdered numerous political critics and leftists in the Dirty War, a period of state terrorism that lasted until the election of Raúl Alfonsín as President in 1983. Several of the junta's leaders were convicted of their crimes and sentenced to imprisonment. Argentina is a prominent regional power in the Southern Cone and Latin America, retains its historic status as a middle power in international affairs. Argentina has the second largest economy in South America, the third-largest in Latin America, membership in the G-15 and G-20 major economies, it is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, World Trade Organization, Union of South American Nations, Community of Latin American and Caribbean States and the Organization of Ibero-American States. Despite its history of economic instability, it ranks second highest in the Human Development Index in Latin America; the description of the country by the word Argentina has been found on a Venetian map in 1536.
In English the name "Argentina" comes from the Spanish language, however the naming itself is not Spanish, but Italian. Argentina means in Italian " of silver, silver coloured" borrowed from the Old French adjective argentine " of silver" > "silver coloured" mentioned in the 12th century. The French word argentine is the feminine form of argentin and derives from argent "silver" with the suffix -in; the Italian naming "Argentina" for the country implies Terra Argentina "land of silver" or Costa Argentina "coast of silver". In Italian, the adjective or the proper noun is used in an autonomous way as a substantive and replaces it and it is said l'Argentina; the name Argentina was first given by the Venetian and Genoese navigators, such as Giovanni Caboto. In Spanish and Portuguese, the words for "silver" are plata and prata and " of silver" is said plateado and prateado. Argentina was first associated with the silver mountains legend, widespread among the first European explorers of the La Plata Basin.
The first written use of the name in Spanish can be traced to La Argentina, a 1602 poem by Martín del Barco Centenera describing the region. Although "Argentina" was in common usage by the 18th century, the country was formally named "Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata" by the Spanish Empire, "United Provinces of the Río de la Plata" after independence; the 1826 constitution included the first use of the name "Argentine Republic" in legal documents. The name "Argentine Confederation" was commonly used and was formalized in the Argentine Constitution of 1853. In 1860 a presidential decree settled the country's name as "Argentine Republic", that year's constitutional amendment ruled all the names since 1810 as valid. In the English language the country was traditionally called "the Argentine", mimicking the typical Spanish usage la Argentina and resulting from a mistaken shortening of the fuller name'Argentine Republic'.'The Argentine' fell out of fashion during the mid-to-late 20th century, now the country is referred to as "Argentina".
In the Spanish language "Argentina" is feminine, taking the feminine article "La" as the i
Club Social y Deportivo Merlo is a football club located in Merlo, Buenos Aires. The team plays in Primera B Metropolitana, the third division of the Argentine football league system; the club was founded on October 8, 1954, as "9 de Julio". Two years the team debuted at Primera D of Argentine Football Association. In 1968 the name changed to "Deportivo Merlo". One year the institution acquired the land where its stadium was built. In 1968 the Association announced that clubs without stadium or active members would be disaffiliated. Due to that announcement, a group of young fans of Deportivo Merlo requested the Association a 4-month period of grace to build a stadium and to get new members with the purpose of avoiding the disappearance of the institution; the Association gave its approval to the request so the club had a meeting with mayor of Merlo Partido, Luis Monetti, asking him for land to build the stadium on. Monetti agreed with the only condition that the team should represent Merlo Partido at the competitions.
Once the negotiations ended, the members joined their efforts in saving money to build the venue, organizing some events with that purpose. One of them was a friendly match vs Vélez Sarsfield that had won the Argentine Primera División championship that same year; the fans organized dances and asados. In 1969 Deportivo Merlo played its first game at its own stadium inaugurated. In 1977 and 1978 the team was managed by former star José María Moreno, nicknamed "El Charro". Moreno died on August 1978 and the stadium was named in his honour; the nickname Charros extended to the squad and fans. Popular Looney Tunes animated character Yosemite Sam was adopted as the mascot of the team. In 1975 the team promoted to Primera C after winning a mini-tournament in order to define a second promotion to the upper division. In 1986 Deportivo Merlo promoted to Primera B Metropolitana due to a restructuring of the system; the team won its first official title in 1999–2000, the Primera C championship although it would be relegated a short time returning in 2005–06 when winning a new championship in the same division.
In the 2008–09 season the squad promoted to the second division of Argentine football, remaining there up to present. Deportivo Merlo had won the final series against Los Andes for which the team got the right to play at the second division. In 2012 Deportivo Merlo advanced to semi-finals of Copa Argentina where the team was eliminated by Boca Juniors; the match had finished tied 1–1 Boca defeated Merlo by penalty shoot-out with a final score of 5–4.in June 2013 is relegated to Primera B Metropolitana after losing to the champion Rosario Central 1 a 0 in Rosario As of July 30, 2015. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Primera C:1999–00, 2005–06 Official website Web del Hincha
Club Deportivo Morón is an Argentine sports club located in the city of Morón, Buenos Aires. The football team plays in Primera B Nacional, the second division of the Argentine football league system; the club was founded in 1947 under the name "Club Sportivo Morón". Three years the club joined the AFA and began playing in Tercera de Ascenso. In 1951 it changed the name to "Club Deportivo Morón". Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Primera B: 1989–90, 2016–17 Primera C: 1959, 1980 Primera D: 1955 Official website
Brighton & Hove Albion F.C.
Brighton & Hove Albion Football Club referred to as Brighton, is a professional football club from Brighton where they play in the edge of the city in Falmer, England. They compete in the top tier of the English football league system. Brighton's home ground is the 30,750-capacity Falmer Stadium. Founded in 1901, nicknamed the "Seagulls" or "Albion", Brighton played their early professional football in the Southern League, before being elected to the Football League in 1920; the club enjoyed greatest prominence between 1979 and 1983 when they played in the First Division and reached the 1983 FA Cup Final, losing to Manchester United after a replay. They were relegated from the First Division in the same season. By the late 1990s, Brighton had slipped to the fourth tier of English football and were in financial trouble. After narrowly avoiding relegation from the Football League to the Conference in 1997, a boardroom takeover saved the club from liquidation. Successive promotions in 2001 and 2002 brought Brighton back to the second tier, in 2011, the club moved into the Falmer Stadium after 14 years without a permanent home ground.
In the 2016–17 season, Brighton finished second in the EFL Championship and were thus promoted to the Premier League, ending a 34-year absence from the top flight. Brighton & Hove Albion F. C. were founded in 1901 and 19 years in 1920, they were elected to the Football League's new Third Division – having been members of the Southern League. In the Southern League they won their only national honour to date, the FA Charity Shield, which at that time was contested by the champions of the Southern League, the Football League, by defeating Football League Champions Aston Villa in 1910. Mike Bamber was the chairman of Brighton from October 1972 until 1983, he famously brought Brian Clough to the club in 1973 and appointed former England player Alan Mullery as manager. Brighton's life as a Football League club had brought little in the way of success and headlines until 1979, under Mullery's management, they were promoted to the First Division as Second Division runners-up; the 1982/83 season saw a wildly inconsistent start for the club, with victories over Arsenal and Manchester United mixed in with heavy defeats.
Manager Mike Bailey lost his job at the start of December 1982. Jimmy Melia took over as manager, but was unable to turn the situation around and Brighton, after four seasons in the top flight, were relegated in 1983, finishing in bottom place. Despite their relegation, that season Brighton reached their first FA Cup final and drew 2–2 with Manchester United in the first match. Brighton's goals were scored by Gary Stevens; this was the final that featured the "miss" by Gordon Smith with the last kick of the game in extra time, prompting the BBC commentator Peter Jones to utter the well known phrase "...and Smith must score". However, Smith's kick was saved by the Manchester United goalkeeper, Gary Bailey. In the replay, Manchester United won 4–0. After four seasons, relegation to Division Three came in 1987, but the Albion bounced back the next season. In 1991 they lost the play-off final at Wembley to Notts County 3–1, only to be relegated the next season to the newly named Division Two. In 1996 further relegation came to Division Three.
The club's financial situation was becoming precarious, the club's directors decided that the Goldstone Ground would have to be sold to pay off some of the club's huge debts. Manager Jimmy Case was sacked after a poor start to the 1996–97 season saw Brighton stuck at the bottom of the league by a considerable margin; the club's directors appointed a relative unknown in Steve Gritt, the former joint manager of Charlton Athletic. Brighton's league form improved under Gritt, although their improving chances of survival were put under further threat by a two-point deduction imposed as punishment for a pitch invasion by fans who were protesting against the sale of the Goldstone ground. A lifelong fan named Dick Knight took control of the club in 1997 having led the fan pressure to oust the previous board following their sale of the club's Goldstone Ground to property developers. By the last day of the season, after being 13 points adrift at one stage, they were off the bottom of the table and had to play the team directly below them, Hereford United – the game was in their hands.
If Brighton won or drew, they would be safe. Brighton defender Kerry Mayo scored an own goal in the first half and it looked as though their 77-year league career was over, but a late goal from Robbie Reinelt ensured that Brighton retained their league status on goals scored, Hereford's 25-year league run was instead over. The sale of the Goldstone Ground went through in 1997, leading to Brighton having to play some 70 miles away at Gillingham's Priestfield stadium for two seasons. Micky Adams was appointed Brighton's manager in 1999. For the start of the 1999–2000 season the Seagulls secured a lease to play home games at Withdean Stadium, a converted athletics track in Brighton owned by the local council. 2000–01 was Brighton's first successful season for 13 years. They were promoted to Division Two. Adams left in October 2001 to work as Dave Bassett's assistant at Leicester, being replaced by former Leicester manager Peter Taylor; the transition proved to be a plus point for Brighton, who maintained their good form and ended the season as Division Two champions – winning a second successive promotion.
Just five years after succumbing to the double threat of losing their Football League status and going out of bus
Club Atlético Mitre
Club Atlético Mitre is an Argentine sports club located in Santiago del Estero. The club is known for its football team, that plays in Primera B Nacional, the second division of Argentine football league system. Other sports practised at the club are basketball, basque pelota, bowls and cycling; the club was founded on April 1907 by Francisco Igounet, his daughter and his father-in-law. After a friendly football match between "Mendoza" and "Mitre" with the second team being the winner, the club was established naming it "Club Atlético Mitre" honoring former president of Argentina who had died a few years before; the institution choose the yellow and black colors inspired on Uruguayan club CURCC. One of the most notable Mitre's footballers, Segundo Luna, was part of the Argentina national team that won a silver medal at the 1928 Summer Olympics. Mitre was the first team to achieve 6 consecutive titles in the Liga Santiagueña de Fútbol, the regional league of the province; the club has won a total of 31 local championships to date.
The squad participated in the 1970 Copa Argentina and several Argentino A and Argentino B championships since 2002. In 2017, Mitre promoted to Nacional B for its first time after defeating Gimnasia y Esgrima de Mendoza by 4–3 through penalty shoot-out in the playoffs final; the line-up for that match was: Alejandro Medina. The team was managed by Arnaldo Sialle. Mitre plays its home matches in the "Estadio Doctores Castiglione" situated in the "Barrio 8 de Abril" on Calle 3 de Febrero. Liga Santiagueña de Fútbol: 1913, 1916, 1917, Anual 1926, Torneo de Honor 1926, Anual 1927, Torneo de Honor 1927, Anual 1928, Torneo de Honor 1928, Anual 1932, Torneo de Honor 1932, Anual de 1936, Primera División 1989, Primera División 1990, Primera División 1994, Liguilla Representación 1997, Clausura 1998, Liguilla Representación 1998, Apertura 1999, Anual 2002, Liguilla Representación 2007, Clausura 2009, Anual 2009, Clausura 2014, Apertura 2015, Clausura 2015 Official site Official Twitter
Unione Sportiva Arezzo is an Italian association football club based in Arezzo, Tuscany. The club was formed in 1923, refounded in 1993 after going bankrupt and refounded in 2010 after being unable to enroll in the tournament; the club plays in Serie C, the third tier of Italian football. The club was founded on 9 September 1923, by a group of friends, football fans, as Juventus Football Club Arezzo. In 1930, following a merge with several other minor Arezzo teams, the club became Unione Sportiva Arezzo, admitted in 1935 to new-born Serie C division; the team was relegated from Serie C in 1953, following several financial troubles, returning to Serie C division five years later. In 1961, Arezzo started to play its games in its current venue. In 1966, Arezzo promoted to Serie B for the first time. However, the next year Arezzo was not able to remain in the division, returned to Serie C the following year, but in 1969 Arezzo again won Serie C, returned to play in Serie B, where it played until 1975.
In 1971, Arezzo signed striker Francesco Graziani, who became a fan favourite and a key player for the team. The third promotion to Serie B came in 1982, under coach Antonio Valentin Angelillo, with Tullio Gritti as striker; the previous year, Arezzo had won its first Italy's Serie C Cup. In 1984, Arezzo missed promotion to Serie A, ending just five points back from the last promotion place. In 1988, despite a team accordingly built to promote to Serie A, Arezzo relegated to Serie C1. Arezzo disbanded in 1993, following financial troubles, being excluded by Serie C1 seven football days before the end of the season. Following the cancellation, a pool of shareholders led by former Arezzo star Ciccio Graziani founded Associazione Calcio Arezzo, admitted to Serie D. In 1996 an unknown coach with a few lower division experiences, Serse Cosmi, was appointed as new manager. Despite his complete lack of experience in the division, Cosmi won hands down Serie D, leading Arezzo back to professional football.
In 1998, again with Cosmi, Arezzo qualified to and won the Serie C2 promotion playoffs, gaining promotion to Serie C1. In 1999/2000, despite the contributions of Fabio Bazzani, Arezzo lost promotion playoffs; the team returned with Mario Somma as coach. At the end of the 2009-10 Lega Pro Prima Divisione season the club, due to financial problems, were unable to enroll to the next season tournament. A new club with the Associazione Sportiva Dilettantistica Atletico Arezzo denomination was entered in Serie D. In November 2010 the club was acquired by a consortium of Rome-based entrepreneurs for a sum of €400,000. On 1 July 2012 the club was renamed Unione Sportiva Arezzo with Balbo as new head coach, replaced since 30 October 2012 by Michele Bacis. On 9 January 2013 an enreprenuer from Rome, bought the club. A few weeks on 28 January, Federico Nofri replaced Bacis as coach. For the 2013–14 season, Davide Mezzanotti was appointed as new coach. After the club ended in third place, Ezio Capuano was named new head coach.
Under Capuano's tenure, the club safely escaped relegation on both seasons. For the 2016–17 season, the club came with a new head coach, Stefano Sottili, a number of major signings such as former Serie A player Davide Moscardelli. Highest scoring and best win: 2004–05 season: 5–3, defeated Verona As of 31 January 2019Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Two legends of the Arezzo midfield during the 2005-2006 season were Simone Confalone and Daniele Di Donato, who ruled the pitch with their tough, but sensual play. Fans would shower the players with women’s undergarments and sharp Romano cheese in honor of the players’ personal appetites and heritage. Raw asparagus was added into the mix but was considered offensive by other fans - riots ensued. Official website