Fedora or Fedora Linux is a Linux distribution developed by the community-supported Fedora Project, sponsored by Red Hat Inc. with minor support by other companies. Fedora contains software distributed under various free and open-source licenses and aims to be on the leading edge of free technologies. Fedora is the upstream source of the commercial Red Hat Enterprise Linux distribution. Since the release of Fedora 30, five different editions are available: Workstation, focused on the personal computer, Server for servers, CoreOS, focused on cloud computing, focused on an immutable desktop specialized to container-based workflows and IoT, focused on IoT devices; as of February 2016, Fedora has an estimated 1.2 million users, including Linus Torvalds, creator of the Linux kernel. Fedora has a reputation for focusing on innovation, integrating new technologies early on and working with upstream Linux communities. Making changes upstream instead of for Fedora ensures that the changes are available to all Linux distributions.
Fedora has a short life cycle: each version is supported for at least 13 months, where version X is supported only until 1 month after version X+2 is released and with 6 months between most versions. Fedora users can upgrade from version to version without reinstalling; the default desktop environment in Fedora is GNOME and the default user interface is the GNOME Shell. Other desktop environments, including KDE Plasma, Xfce, LXDE, MATE, Deepin and Cinnamon, are available and can be installed. Most Fedora editions use the RPM package management system, using DNF as a tool to manage the RPM packages. DNF uses an external dependency resolver. Flatpak is included by default, support for Ubuntu's snaps can be added. Fedora uses Delta RPM. A Delta RPM contains the difference between an new version of a package; this means that only the changes between the installed package and the new one are downloaded, reducing network traffic and bandwidth consumption. The Fedora CoreOS and Silverblue editions use rpm-ostree, a hybrid transactional image/package system to manage the host.
Traditional DNF should be used in containers. Fedora uses Security-Enhanced Linux by default, which implements a variety of security policies, including mandatory access controls, which Fedora adopted early on. Fedora provides a hardening wrapper, does hardening for all of its packages by using compiler features such as position-independent executable. Fedora comes preinstalled with a wide range of software such as Firefox. Additional software is available from the software repositories and can be installed using the DNF package manager or GNOME Software. Additionally, extra repositories can be added to the system, so that software not available in Fedora can be installed easily. Software, not available via official Fedora repositories, either because it doesn't meet Fedora's definition of free software or because its distribution may violate US law, can be installed using third-party repositories. Popular third-party repositories include RPM Fusion non-free repositories. Fedora provides users with an easy-to-use build system for creating their own repositories called Copr.
Since the release of Fedora 25, the operating system defaults to the Wayland display server protocol, which replaced the X Window System. Beginning with Fedora version 30, it is available in five editions: Fedora Workstation – It targets users who want a reliable, user-friendly, powerful operating system for their laptop or desktop computer, it comes with GNOME by default but other desktops can be installed or can be directly installed as Spins. Fedora Server – Its target usage is for servers, it includes the latest data center technologies. This edition doesn't come with a desktop environment. From Fedora 28, Server Edition will deliver Fedora Modularity, adding support for alternative update streams for popular software such as Node.js and Golang. Fedora CoreOS – It provides a minimal image of Fedora which includes just the bare essentials, it is meant for deployment in cloud computing. It provides Fedora CoreOS images. Fedora IoT – Images of Fedora tailored to running on Internet of Things devices.
Fedora Silverblue – It targets users who want an immutable desktop and developers who use container based workflows. A Live USB drive can be created using the dd command, it allows users to try Fedora without making changes to the hard disk. Similar to Debian blends, the Fedora Project distributes custom variations of Fedora called Fedora Labs; these are built with specific sets of software packages, targeting specific interests such as gaming, design and scientific computing. The Fedora AOS was a specialized spin of Fedora with reduced memory footprint for use in software appliances. Appliances are pre-installed, pre-configured, system images; this spin was intended to make it easier for anyone to deploy virtual appliances. The Fedora project distributes different variations called "Fedora Spins" which are Fedora with different desktop environments; the current official spins, as of Fedora 30, are KDE, XFCE, LXQT, Mate-Compiz, Cinnamon, LXDE, SOAS. In addition to Spins, which are official variants of the Fedora system, the project allows unofficial variants to use the term "Fedora Remix" without asking for fur
Hymns is the sixth studio album by English industrial metal band Godflesh. It was released on 23 October 2001 through Music for Nations and was the band's final album before breaking up in 2002. In 2010, Godflesh in 2014 released their comeback album A World Lit Only by Fire. Hymns had a troubled production and was intended to be distinct departure from Godflesh's intensely regimented industrial sound to something more traditionally hard rock, it was the band's final album to feature a live drummer rather than a drum machine. Following the under-promoted release of Us and Them, Godflesh left Earache Records and was without their support for the first time since the band's self-titled debut EP in 1988. Despite having some Hymns demos completed, Godflesh had difficulty finding a new label. After being turned away, they settled on Music for Nations, a "mainstream" label where frontman Justin Broadrick felt out of place. Hymns was the first Godflesh album with Ted Parsons on drums, who Broadrick called the band's "driving force" and inspiration to continue, was the group's second album to feature a non-mechanical drummer.
It was the band's first album since 1989's Streetcleaner to be recorded in a professional studio. Parsons revealed that the band recorded in the studio due to label pressure and described the decision as "a mistake". Broadrick said he found studio jamming refreshing but depressing, he called the comparatively traditional recording process "primitive." Despite Broadrick preferring the album's original demos to the final products, the 13-track, 74-minute album was released on 23 October 2001. Broadrick stated that Hymns was a reaction to the previous album because he "lost sight of what Godflesh should be". In contrast, he described Hymns as "a new beginning", intended to counter the "watered down" rock associated with the popular nu metal genre. Musically, Hymns is a more conventional take on heavy metal than Godflesh had done before, a deliberate choice, according to Broadrick. Fact described it as "a strikingly spartan record, boiling the band to its bare bones and adding a little more light into the mix", Gary Suarez of Consequence of Sound said, "Hymns is as pure a hard rock record as Godflesh made."
While Godflesh's sound is described as minimal, the album was highlighted as a turn to the simplicity of the classic "guitar, human drummer lineup". The final song on the album, "Jesu", became the name of Broadrick's next project after he dissolved Godflesh on 10 April 2002. Two weeks before Godflesh was set to tour in support of Hymns, G. C. Green, bass player and cofounding member, left the band to focus on his personal life. Broadrick, devastated by the departure, focused his efforts on finding a replacement. Killing Joke bassist Paul Raven filled the void, he, Broadrick and Parsons played a handful of shows. In these concerts, "Requiem", a cover of the introductory track from Killing Joke's self-titled debut album, was performed. At one of those performances, Killing Joke singer Jaz Coleman joined Godflesh on stage. After those shows, a tour of North America alongside High on Fire and Isis was planned, but fell through when Broadrick experienced a nervous breakdown; the Hymns era proved resulting in few concerts played and the end of Godflesh.
After the band reformed in 2010 and began to play shows again, the set lists were focused on early Godflesh material that Broadrick considered best. As such, no songs from Hymns were performed live, though Green suggested they rework and play "Defeated" and though Broadrick was interested in playing "Jesu". Hymns was released on 23 October 2001 through Music for Nations. A remastered version of Hymns containing bonus tracks was released on 19 February 2013. Unlike most remasters, Broadrick's goal was to make the album closer to its original demos. Regarding the final sound of the original Hymns release, Parsons said, "We were produced by this kind of typical metal producer, he had done a lot of Fear Factory, bands like that, you know, he kinda watered it down a little bit." Included among the bonus tracks is the non-album song "If I Could Only Be What You Want", recorded during the Hymns session and was available on the Loud Music for Loud People compilation. AllMusic reviewer Jim Harper wrote, "If you can't stand Godflesh and their minimalist approach Hymns is unlikely to change your mind, for the converted, this is the best album the band have released in recent years."
In 2001, Chris Ayers of Exclaim! wrote that Hymns was Godflesh's "most ambitious album yet". Blabbermouth.net said that Hymns is "often called finest album". Iain Currie with Bring the Noise described Hymns as "brilliant" and contextualized the album as "a reminder of how bands of real calibre reacted to that nonsensical period... when nu-metal was picking up its destructive and soul destroying pace". In a retrospective review of the album, Treblezine writer Jeff Terich said, "Hymns sounds more relevant than having perfected the art of the beautiful slaughter." In a 2015 interview, Parsons reflected on the reception of Hymns, saying "It got good reviews and it got bad reviews. But I liked the album. I thought it was good." Credits for Hymns adapted from 2013 reissue liner notesGodflesh Justin Broadrick – vocals, programming, remastering G. C. Green – bass Ted Parsons – drums, percussionAdditional personnel Diarmuid Dalton – moog, shortwave on "Jesu" Colin Richardson – engineering Dave Anderson – engineering Mark Warden – engineering
The Buffalo Savings Bank is a neoclassical, Beaux–Arts style bank branch building located at 1 Fountain Plaza in downtown Buffalo, New York. The Buffalo Savings Bank building opened in May 1901; the building's signature feature is the gold-leafed dome, which measures 23 feet tall and 56 feet in diameter. It is covered with 13,500 terra-cotta tiles; the tiles were overlaid with copper, which took on a greenish hue. The tiles have been gilded three times; the last restoration required 140,000 paper-thin sheets of 23.75-carat gold leaf at a cost $500,000. The building contains a 9-foot clock above the main columned entrance. In 1982, the original bank building received a larger linked addition on the north side called M & T Center. In 1991, the Buffalo Savings Bank company was dissolved; the building serves as a branch of M&T Bank and has been designated a City of Buffalo Landmark. Key Center North Tower and Key Center South Tower are across Main Street from the building; the Electric Tower is to the southeast.
In 2010, the bank was used in the filming of a movie in which the bank is robbed. Green & Wicks
Julia Bergshoeff is a Dutch model. She was discovered in April 2013 by a booker from Ulla Models and is ranked on the "Top 50 Models Women" list by Models.com. During her first season she was an exclusive for Prada and Miu Miu and made her runway debut at the Prada S/S 14 Resort Show in Milan. Bergshoeff was born in Papendrecht in the Netherlands. After being discovered while shopping with friends, Bergshoeff was signed to the Dutch modelling agency Ulla Models and appeared as an exclusive for Prada and Miu Miu, she has appeared on the runways of Alexander McQueen, Burberry Prorsum, Calvin Klein, Celine, Dior, Dolce & Gabbana, Donna Karan, Givenchy, Jason Wu, Jil Sander, Louis Vuitton, Marc Jacobs, Narcisco Rodriguez, Prabal Gurung, Proenza Schouler, Salvatore Ferragamo and Vera Wang, among others. Her first campaign was for Prada S/S 14, followed by appearances in the Gucci Cruise 2015 and Proenza Schouler F/W 2014 campaigns; the following season Bergshoeff returned as the face of Proenza Schouler and appeared in campaigns for Coach, COS, DSquared2, Mango Denim, Adolfo Dominguez, Salvatore Ferragamo in 2015.
Bergshoeff has appeared on the covers of Intermission Magazine, NY Times Style Magazine, Vogue Netherlands, Vogue Germany. She has been one of the faces of the Zara S/S 2016 campaign and was an exclusive Proenza Schouler exclusive in New York Fashion Week F/W 2016. In 2014, Bergshoeff was chosen as a "Top Newcomer" by models.com
The Ōfunato Line is a local rail line in Iwate Prefecture, operated by the East Japan Railway Company. It connected Ichinoseki Station in Ichinoseki to Sakari Station in Ōfunato, on the Tohoku coast; the eastern section of the line was damaged by the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami on 11 March 2011. In January 2012, services resumed on the western 62.0 km portion of the route between Ichinoseki and Kesennuma. The eastern section between Kesennuma and Sakari remains closed, in February 2012, JR East proposed that this section of the line be scrapped and the right-of-way used as a bus rapid transit route; the line connects with the Kesennuma Line at Kesennuma Station and connected with the owned Sanriku Railway's Minami-Riasu Line at Sakari Station in Ōfunato. The Ichinoseki - Kesennuma section opened in stages between 1925 and 1929, with the Kesennuma - Sakari section opening between 1932 and 1935. Freight services ceased in 1983/4. Following the 2011 disaster, services resumed on the Ichinoseki - Kesennuma section on 1 April, but were suspended again between 7–18 April due to aftershocks.
The first section of the busway replacing the Kesennuma - Sakari section opened in March 2013. In April 2005, there were 27 services daily using this line. Following the 2011 disaster, operations were reduced to ten eastbound local trains and one Super Dragon rapid service, with westbound services consisting of nine local trains and one rapid. In March 2013 the rapid services were withdrawn. On 22 December 2012, a special Pokémon With You train began running on the line, it now operates one round-trip on weekends, departing at 11:01am eastbound from Ichinoseki and returning at 15:08 westbound. During Japanese school holidays it runs daily. Stations in greyed out cells have been closed since tsunami; this article incorporates material from the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipedia Article on Tohoku railways
The Blue Man is a 1985 Canadian horror film directed by George Mihalka. A dissatisfied Montreal director of TV commercials is taught to astrally project himself by a mysterious woman, but soon he finds that he does it against his will when he sleeps, while he does it, he commits savage acts against those in his life. Winston Rekert as Paul Sharpe Karen Black as Janus John Novak as Kauffman Patty Talbot as Jennifer Sharpe Vlasta Vrána as Scott Andrew Bednarski as Matthew Sharpe Bronwen Booth as Isis Tom Rack as Dr. Meister Joanne Côté as Helen Philip Spensley as Bill Pearson Ron Lea as Mick Len Watt as Dr. Morton Michael Sinelnikoff as William Duval Lois Maxwell as Monica Duval Anthony Sherwood as Jensen Walter Massey as John Westmore The Blue Man had a limited release during the 1986 holiday season; the film won the Prix du public at the Avoriaz horror film festival in January 1987 and was nominated for two Genie Awards: Winston Rekert for Best Actor and Marvin Dolgay for Best Score. The film received a retrospective screening at the 2017 Fantasia Film Festival.
The Blue Man on IMDb The Blue Man is available for free download at the Internet Archive