Feed (2005 film)
Feed is a 2005 Australian crime-horror film directed by Brett Leonard. The plot involves a police investigation of the sexual fetish of feederism, where the "feeder" feeds "gainers"; the film explores themes of dominance, submission and power. The case within the film bears many similarities to that of Armin Meiwes, the man known as the "Rotenburg Cannibal". Australian cop Phillip works as a cybercrime investigator for Interpol. Phillip finds himself shaken after investigating a case in Hamburg, Germany, in which a man consents to have his penis cut off and eaten by his lover. Phillip's own relationship is troubled due to his frequent travel and difficulties with romantic intimacy, he finds himself unable to respond positively to his beautiful girlfriend's sexual overtures; the two have rough sex that gets out of hand, she leaves him after writing "pig" on his chest with lipstick. Meanwhile, Phillip has been working with his partner, Nigel, to investigate a fetish website that features morbidly obese women being held captive and fed fattening food.
The website's intricate encryption suggests that the webmaster is concealing a deeper perversion, despite the objections of his superiors, Phillip travels to Toledo, Ohio, to investigate the webmaster and determine the whereabouts of "Lucy," a former site favorite. In Ohio, the site's sadistic webmaster, Michael Carter, holds Deidre captive in a ramshackle cottage in the woods. After questioning a local priest, Michael's adoptive sister, his thin, attractive wife, Phillip manages to track Michael to the cottage, where the latter is preparing to feed Deidre a thick slurry of eggs and weight gain powder. Phillip learns that Michael developed a sexual fascination with obese women due to his troubled relationship with his overweight, immobile mother, who died when he was a child, he uncovers the twist in Michael's fetish website: not only are paying site members able to watch him feed and fornicate with obese women, but they can place bets on when each woman will die, using posted statistics on their body proportions, blood pressure, other medical indicators.
In the cottage, Phillip finds Lucy's decaying remains and confronts Michael. The slurry-like preparation he was attempting to feed Deidre through a tube contains some of the fat he had carved from Lucy's body. After a struggle, Phillip shoots Deidre, who maintains her love for Michael as Philip tells her about his deceptions, two shots can be heard off screen; the final scene reveals Phillip living in suburban bliss with Michael's overweight adoptive sister. He takes some sandwiches she has packed for him and drives to the cottage in the woods, where he eats them with gusto, pausing to tantalize Michael, in a wheelchair, with one. Michael and emaciated, begs Phillip to, "feed." Alex O'Loughlin as Michael Carter Patrick Thompson as Phillip Jackson Gabby Millgate as Deidre Jack Thompson as Richard Rose Ashton as Abbey Matthew Le Nevez as Nigel David Field as Father Turner Feed holds a 40%'rotten' rating on review aggregate website Rotten Tomatoes. Feed on IMDb Feed at AllMovie Feed at Rotten Tomatoes
Feed (Anderson novel)
Feed is a young adult dystopian novel of the cyberpunk subgenre written by M. T. Anderson; the novel focuses on issues such as corporate power, information technology, data mining, environmental decay, with a sometimes sardonic, sometimes somber tone. From the first-person perspective of a teenager, the book takes place in a near-futuristic American culture dominated by advertising and corporate exploitation, corresponding to the enormous popularity of internetworking brain implants; the novel portrays a near-future in which the feednet, a huge computer network, is directly connected to the brains of about 73% of American citizens by means of an implanted device called a feed. The feed allows people: to mentally access vast digital databases; the setting of the novel is depicted as ecologically devastated. Natural clouds have been replaced by trademarked Clouds™, implying artificialization, many have their children custom-designed; the corporations responsible for the feed have immense power and run the school system, now known as School™.
Throughout the book, corporations appear to hold the true power in the United States, leaving the president helpless as the Global Alliance, a coalition of other countries, begins contemplating war with the U. S. due to the worsening worldwide effects of American mismanagement of the environment. Titus and his thrill-seeking teenaged friends meet teen girl Violet Durn, whose critically questioning attitude is new to the others. While at a club, a man from an anti-feed organization hacks all of their feeds, they wake up in a hospital to find, for the first time in most of their lives, that their feeds are unavailable: deactivated while under repair. During their recovery and Titus develop a romantic relationship, their feeds are repaired enough for them to return to Earth. One day, Violet reveals her idea of resisting the feed to Titus, she plans to show interest in a wide and random assortment of products to prevent the corporations that control the feed from developing a reliable consumer profile of her.
The two go to the mall and create wild consumer profiles, by requesting information on certain random items not buying it. Violet realizes that someone has been accessing her personal information through her dreams. Violet receives no help. Violet tells Titus that her feed has been malfunctioning, she may die, having had the feed installed in life. Due to her deteriorating feed, various parts of Violet's body are shutting down. Throughout the novel, there is a presence of lesions appearing on the characters' bodies. At first it is something they hide, but the lesions turn into a trend. Violet, disgusted with this latest fashion, declares. After this outburst, she is taken to the hospital; as a side effect of the malfunction, Violet loses memories of the year before she got the feed installed. To avoid losing more memories, she makes large virtual records of things, she sends them to Titus for safekeeping, not knowing how to handle this burden, Titus deletes them. Violet's body parts continue shutting down.
She and her father cannot afford repairs, so they petition FeedTech for assistance. Meanwhile, an environmental disaster affecting Mexico causes the Global Alliance to prepare to go to war with the United States. Titus drives to Violet's house, he falls asleep shortly after arriving, while he sleeps, Violet shares her bad news with Titus in the form of a dream: FeedTech has decided not to help Violet because of her bizarre and unreliable customer profile. That weekend, Violet comes to Titus's house to ask him to go with her to the mountains, he is reluctant at first, but agrees. While in the mountains, Violet makes it clear she wants to sleep with Titus, but he doesn't return the affection, they begin fighting, break up. On the way home, Violet's arm stops working and when she arrives home her leg fails as well. Titus drives away; the next day, Violet apologizes to Titus via feed. Several months Titus receives a message from Violet's father saying that Violet wanted Titus to know when it was "all over."
He informs him. Titus goes to Violet's house, where she lies in a coma still alive, her father blames Titus and shows him memories of parts of her body and brain shutting down and the pain she experienced. He sarcastically tells Titus to be with "the Eloi." Titus asks what that means. They fight, Titus goes home. In an act of grief, he sits on his floor naked and orders the same pair of jeans continuously over the feed until he is out of "credit,", their form of currency. Two days Titus goes to visit Violet again, he tells her any stories. He tells her the story of their relationship in the form of a movie trailer; the book ends with Violet's life systems becoming progressively weaker, the feed repeating the advertising slogan "Everything Must Go" in progressively
Fodder, a type of animal feed, is any agricultural foodstuff used to feed domesticated livestock, such as cattle, sheep, horses and pigs. "Fodder" refers to food given to the animals, rather than that which they forage for themselves. Fodder is called provender and includes hay, silage and pelleted feeds and mixed rations, sprouted grains and legumes. Most animal feed is from plants, but some manufacturers add ingredients to processed feeds that are of animal origin; the worldwide animal feed industry produced 873 million tons of feed in 2011, fast approaching 1 billion tonnes according to the International Feed Industry Federation, with an annual growth rate of about 2%. The use of agricultural land to grow feed rather than human food can be controversial. In many cases the production of grass for cattle fodder is a valuable intercrop between crops for human consumption, because it builds the organic matter in the soil; some agricultural byproducts fed to animals may be considered unsavory by human consumers.
Alfalfa Barley Birdsfoot trefoil Brassica spp. Kale Rapeseed Rutabaga Turnip Clover Alsike clover Red clover Subterranean clover White clover Grass Bermuda grass Brome False oat grass Fescue Heath grass Meadow grasses Orchard grass Ryegrass Timothy-grass Corn Millet Oats Sorghum Soybeans Trees Wheat Conserved forage plants: hay and silage Compound feed and premixes called pellets, nuts or cake Crop residues: stover, straw, sugar beet waste Fish meal Freshly cut grass and other forage plants Meat and bone meal Molasses Oligosaccharides Seaweed Seeds and grains, either whole or prepared by crushing, etc. Sprouted grains and legumes Yeast extract Native green grass Bran Concentrate mix Oilseed press cake Green maize Green sorghum Horse gram Leaves from certain species of trees Grass/lawn clipping waste In the past, bovine spongiform encephalopathy spread through the inclusion of ruminant meat and bone meal in cattle feed due to prion contamination; this practice is now banned in most countries.
Some animals have a lower tolerance for spoiled or moldy fodder than others, certain types of molds, toxins, or poisonous weeds inadvertently mixed into a feed source may cause economic losses due to sickness or death of the animals. The US Dept. of Health and Human Services regulates drugs of the Veterinary Feed Directive type that can be present within commercial livestock feed. Fodder in the form of sprouted cereal grains such as barley, legumes can be grown in small and large quantities. Hydroponic systems can grow up to tons of sprouts to each day. Sprouted grains can increase the nutritional value of the grain compared with feeding the ungerminated grain to stock. In addition, they use less water than traditional forage. Under hydroponic conditions, sprouted fodder at 150 mm tall with a 50 mm root mat is at its peak for animal feed. Although products such are barley are grain, when sprouted they are approved by the American Grassfed Association to be used as livestock feed. Cannon fodder Factory farming Feed manufacturing Forage Grain Pasture Karl Heinrich Ritthausen Die Eiweisskörper der Getreidearten, Hülsenfrüchte und Ölsamen.
Beiträge zur Physiologie der Samen der Kulturgewachese, der Nahrungs- und Futtermitel, Bonn, 1872 from Google books. Zhou, Yiqin. Compar Fresh or Ensiled Fodders on the Production of Greenhouse Gases Following Enteric Fermentation in Beef Cattle. Rouyn-Noranda, Qué.: Université du Québec en Abitibi-Témiscamingue, 2011. N. B.: Research report. UK Food Standards Agency, Animal feed legislation and guidance FAO Feed Safety guidelines Fodder Plants at Agriculture Guide An article from Agriculture Guide
Feed (2017 film)
Feed is a 2017 American drama film directed by Tommy Bertelsen and produced by Troian Bellisario. The story revolves around a high school senior who struggles with life after the tragic death of her twin brother, causing her physical and mental health, as well as her grades and social relationships, to deteriorate rapidly. Still haunted by her brother's passing, she tries to maintain a facade of normalcy while continually battling with her inner demons. Olivia "Liv" Grey is a nerdy senior high school girl aiming to be a valedictorian, while her twin brother Matthew "Matt" Grey is the student council president and the heart of the party; the twins have been inseparable since birth having made a vow when they were young that they would die at the same moment, just as they had been born together. However, when Olivia gets caught making out with her crush, Matt disapproves, telling his sister that this would lower her grades and therefore tarnish their perfect family reputation and spoil their parents' unreasonably high hopes.
They go on arguing as Matt drives home, but the row distracts him and the car crashes, injuring Olivia and killing Matt. Irrevocably shaken by the loss of her sibling, Olivia starts seeing visions of Matt everywhere; this "Matt" appears to be just like her brother had been at first, but he stops Olivia from eating and seeing Julian, only allowing her to study. Realizing too late that this is hardly her twin but instead a twisted replica, Olivia fights to keep up appearances and to escape from the ghost of her past. Troian Bellisario as Olivia "Liv" Grey, a wannabe valedictorian Tom Felton as Matthew "Matt" Grey, Olivia's twin who appears as a ghost in her head Ben Winchell as Julian, Olivia's crush James Remar as Tom Grey, father of the twins Paula Malcomson as Samantha Grey, mother of the twins Feed on IMDb Feed at Rotten Tomatoes
Instagram is a photo and video-sharing social networking service owned by Facebook, Inc. It was created by Kevin Systrom and Mike Krieger, launched in October 2010 on iOS. A version for Android devices was released a year and half in April 2012, followed by a feature-limited website interface in November 2012, apps for Windows 10 Mobile and Windows 10 in April 2016 and October 2016 respectively; the app allows users to upload photos and videos to the service, which can be edited with various filters, organized with tags and location information. An account's posts can be shared publicly or with pre-approved followers. Users can browse other users' content by tags and locations, view trending content. Users can "like" photos, follow other users to add their content to a feed; the service was distinguished by only allowing content to be framed in a square aspect ratio, but these restrictions were eased in 2015. The service added messaging features, the ability to include multiple images or videos in a single post, as well as "Stories"—similar to its main competitor Snapchat—which allows users to post photos and videos to a sequential feed, with each post accessible by others for 24 hours each.
After its launch in 2010, Instagram gained popularity, with one million registered users in two months, 10 million in a year, 800 million as of September 2017. In April 2012, Facebook acquired the service for US$1 billion in cash and stock; as of October 2015, over 40 billion photos had been uploaded to the service. Although praised for its influence, Instagram has been the subject of criticism, most notably for policy and interface changes, allegations of censorship, illegal or improper content uploaded by users; as of 14 January 2019, the most liked photo on Instagram is a picture of an egg, posted by the account @world_record_egg, created with a sole purpose of surpassing the previous record of 18 million likes on a Kylie Jenner post. The picture has over 50 million likes. Instagram began development in San Francisco, when Kevin Systrom and Mike Krieger chose to focus their multi-featured HTML5 check-in project, Burbn, on mobile photography; as Krieger reasoned, Burbn became too similar to Foursquare, both realized that it had gone too far.
Burbn was pivoted to become more focused on photo-sharing. The word Instagram is a portmanteau of instant telegram. On March 5, 2010, Systrom closed a $500,000 seed funding round with Baseline Ventures and Andreessen Horowitz while working on Burbn. Josh Riedel joined the company in October as Community Manager, Shayne Sweeney joined in November as an engineer, Jessica Zollman joined as a Community Evangelist in August 2011. Kevin Systrom posted the first photo to Instagram on July 16, 2010; the photo shows Systrom's girlfriend's foot. On October 6, 2010, the Instagram iOS app was released through the App Store. In February 2011, it was reported that Instagram had raised $7 million in Series A funding from a variety of investors, including Benchmark Capital, Jack Dorsey, Chris Sacca, Adam D'Angelo; the deal valued Instagram at around $20 million. On April 3, 2012, Instagram was released for Android phones, it was downloaded more than one million times in less than one day. In March 2012, The Wall Street Journal reported that Instagram was raising a new round of financing that would value the company at $500 million, details that were confirmed the following month, when Instagram raised $50 million from venture capitalists with a $500 million valuation.
The same month, Facebook bought Instagram for $1 billion in cash and stock, with a plan to keep the company independently managed. Britain's Office of Fair Trading approved the deal on August 14, 2012, on August 22, 2012, the Federal Trade Commission in the U. S. closed its investigation. On September 6, 2012, the deal between Instagram and Facebook was closed; the deal, made just prior to Facebook's scheduled IPO, cost about a quarter of Facebook's cash-on-hand, according to figures documented at the end of 2011. The deal was for a company characterized as having "lots of buzz but no business model", the price was contrasted with the $35 million Yahoo! paid for Flickr in 2005. Mark Zuckerberg noted that Facebook was "committed to building and growing Instagram independently", in contrast to its past practices. According to Wired, the deal netted Systrom $400 million based on his ownership stake in the business; the exact purchase price was 23 million shares of stock. In November 2012, Instagram launched website profiles, allowing anyone to see users' feeds from their web browsers.
However, the website interface was limited in functionality, with notable omissions including the lack of a search bar, a news feed, the ability to upload photos. In February 2013, the website was updated to offer a news feed, in June 2015, the website was redesigned to offer bigger photos. On October 22, 2013, during the Nokia World event held in Abu Dhabi, Systrom confirmed the upcoming release of the official Instagram app for Windows Phone, after pressure from Nokia and the public to develop an app for the platform; the app was released as a beta version on November 21, 2013, was lacking the ability to record and upload video, though an Instagram spokesperson stated that "We're not finished, our team will continue developing the Windows Phone app to keep releasing features and bringing you the best Instagram possible". In April 2016, Instagram upgraded the app to Windows 10 Mobile, adding support for video and direct messages, followed by updates in October 2016 that
Forage is a plant material eaten by grazing livestock. The term forage has meant only plants eaten by the animals directly as pasture, crop residue, or immature cereal crops, but it is used more loosely to include similar plants cut for fodder and carried to the animals as hay or silage; the term forage fish refers to small schooling fish. While the term forage has a broad definition, the term forage crop is used to define crops, annual or biennial, which are grown to be utilized by grazing or harvesting as a whole crop. Grass forages include: Agrostis spp. – bentgrasses Agrostis capillaris – common bentgrass Agrostis stolonifera – creeping bentgrass Andropogon hallii – sand bluestem Arrhenatherum elatius – false oat-grass Bothriochloa bladhii – Australian bluestem Bothriochloa pertusa – hurricane grass Brachiaria decumbens – Surinam grass Brachiaria humidicola – koronivia grass Bromus spp. – bromegrasses Cenchrus ciliaris – buffelgrass Chloris gayana – Rhodes grass Cynodon dactylon – bermudagrass Dactylis glomerata – orchard grass Echinochloa pyramidalis – antelope grass Entolasia imbricata – bungoma grass Festuca spp. – fescues Festuca arundinacea – tall fescue Festuca pratensis – meadow fescue Festuca rubra – red fescue Heteropogon contortus – black spear grass Hymenachne amplexicaulis – West Indian marsh grass Hyparrhenia rufa – jaragua Leersia hexandra – southern cutgrass Lolium spp. – ryegrasses Lolium multiflorum – Italian ryegrass Lolium perenne – perennial ryegrass Megathyrsus maximus – Guinea grass Melinis minutiflora – molasses grass Paspalum dilatatum – dallisgrass Phalaris arundinacea – reed canarygrass Phleum pratense – timothy Poa spp. – bluegrasses, meadow-grasses Poa arachnifera – Texas bluegrass Poa pratensis – Kentucky bluegrass Poa trivialis – rough bluegrass Setaria sphacelata – African bristlegrass Themeda triandra – kangaroo grass Thinopyrum intermedium – intermediate wheatgrass Herbaceous legume forages include: Arachis pintoi – pinto peanut Chamaecrista rotundifolia – roundleaf sensitive pea Clitoria ternatea – butterfly-pea Lotus corniculatus – bird's-foot trefoil Macroptilium atropurpureum – purple bush-bean Macroptilium bracteatum – burgundy bean Medicago spp. – medics Medicago sativa – alfalfa, lucerne Medicago truncatula – barrel medic Melilotus spp. – sweetclovers Neonotonia wightii – perennial soybean Onobrychis viciifolia – common sainfoin Stylosanthes spp. – stylo Stylosanthes humilis – Townsville stylo Stylosanthes scabra – shrubby stylo Trifolium spp. – clovers Trifolium hybridum – alsike clover Trifolium incarnatum – crimson clover Trifolium pratense – red clover Trifolium repens – white clover Vicia spp. – vetches Vicia articulata – oneflower vetch Vicia ervilia – bitter vetch Vicia narbonensis – narbon vetch Vicia sativa – common vetch, tare Vicia villosa – hairy vetch Vigna parkeri – creeping vigna Tree legume forages include: Acacia aneura – mulga Albizia spp. – silk trees Albizia canescens – Belmont siris Albizia lebbeck – lebbeck Enterolobium cyclocarpum – earpodtree Leucaena leucocephala – leadtree Silage may be composed by the following: Alfalfa Maize Grass-legume mix Sorghums Oats Crop residues used as forage include: Sorghum Corn or soybean stover Grass-fed beef
Broadcasting is the distribution of audio or video content to a dispersed audience via any electronic mass communications medium, but one using the electromagnetic spectrum, in a one-to-many model. Broadcasting began with AM radio, which came into popular use around 1920 with the spread of vacuum tube radio transmitters and receivers. Before this, all forms of electronic communication were one-to-one, with the message intended for a single recipient; the term broadcasting evolved from its use as the agricultural method of sowing seeds in a field by casting them broadly about. It was adopted for describing the widespread distribution of information by printed materials or by telegraph. Examples applying it to "one-to-many" radio transmissions of an individual station to multiple listeners appeared as early as 1898. Over the air broadcasting is associated with radio and television, though in recent years, both radio and television transmissions have begun to be distributed by cable; the receiving parties may include the general public or a small subset.
The field of broadcasting includes both government-managed services such as public radio, community radio and public television, private commercial radio and commercial television. The U. S. Code of Federal Regulations, title 47, part 97 defines "broadcasting" as "transmissions intended for reception by the general public, either direct or relayed". Private or two-way telecommunications transmissions do not qualify under this definition. For example and citizens band radio operators are not allowed to broadcast; as defined, "transmitting" and "broadcasting" are not the same. Transmission of radio and television programs from a radio or television station to home receivers by radio waves is referred to as "over the air" or terrestrial broadcasting and in most countries requires a broadcasting license. Transmissions using a wire or cable, like cable television, are considered broadcasts but do not require a license. In the 2000s, transmissions of television and radio programs via streaming digital technology have been referred to as broadcasting as well.
The earliest broadcasting consisted of sending telegraph signals over the airwaves, using Morse code, a system developed in the 1830s by Samuel F. B. Morse, physicist Joseph Henry and Alfred Vail, they developed an electrical telegraph system which sent pulses of electric current along wires which controlled an electromagnet, located at the receiving end of the telegraph system. A code was needed to transmit natural language using only these pulses, the silence between them. Morse therefore developed the forerunner to modern International Morse code; this was important for ship-to-ship and ship-to-shore communication, but it became important for business and general news reporting, as an arena for personal communication by radio amateurs. Audio broadcasting began experimentally in the first decade of the 20th century. By the early 1920s radio broadcasting became a household medium, at first on the AM band and on FM. Television broadcasting started experimentally in the 1920s and became widespread after World War II, using VHF and UHF spectrum.
Satellite broadcasting was initiated in the 1960s and moved into general industry usage in the 1970s, with DBS emerging in the 1980s. All broadcasting was composed of analog signals using analog transmission techniques but in the 2000s, broadcasters have switched to digital signals using digital transmission. In general usage, broadcasting most refers to the transmission of information and entertainment programming from various sources to the general public. Analog audio vs. HD Radio Analog television vs. Digital television WirelessThe world's technological capacity to receive information through one-way broadcast networks more than quadrupled during the two decades from 1986 to 2007, from 432 exabytes of information, to 1.9 zettabytes. This is the information equivalent of 55 newspapers per person per day in 1986, 175 newspapers per person per day by 2007. There have been several methods used for broadcasting electronic media audio and video to the general public: Telephone broadcasting: the earliest form of electronic broadcasting.
Telephone broadcasting began with the advent of Théâtrophone systems, which were telephone-based distribution systems allowing subscribers to listen to live opera and theatre performances over telephone lines, created by French inventor Clément Ader in 1881. Telephone broadcasting grew to include telephone newspaper services for news and entertainment programming which were introduced in the 1890s located in large European cities; these telephone-based subscription services were the first examples of electrical/electronic broadcasting and offered a wide variety of programming. Radio broadcasting. Radio stations can be linked in radio networks to broadcast common radio programs, either in broadcast syndication, simulcast or subchannels. Television broadcasting, experimentally from 1925, commercially from t