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Felice Matteucci

Felice Matteucci was an Italian hydraulic engineer who co-invented an internal combustion engine with Eugenio Barsanti. Their patent request was granted in London on June 12, 1854, published in London's Morning Journal under the title "Specification of Eugene Barsanti and Felix Matteucci, Obtaining Motive Power by the Explosion of Gases", as documented by the Fondazione Barsanti e Matteucci. Born in Lucca, Matteucci studied hydraulic and mechanical engineering, first in Paris in Florence. In 1851 he appreciated his ideas for a new type of engine, they worked together to turn the primary concept into a manufacturable item developing a model suitable for mass production. Its construction was entrusted to Bauer & Co. of Milan, a company known as Helvetica, which delivered the motor at the beginning of 1863. The success of the engine, much more efficient that the steam-engine, was so great that orders started pouring in from as far away as Constantinople. Matteucci and Barsanti reached an agreement for the production of the motor with a company in Belgium, Barsanti departed for Belgium on February 18, 1864 to oversee the work personally.

On the following April 19, Barsanti died and all their work came to an end. Matteucci returned to his previous work as a hydraulic engineer, he studied new hydrometers, rain gauges, hydraulic operations over rivers. In 1877, Matteucci defended that he and Barsanti were the originators of the invention of the internal combustion engine; the patent registered by Nikolaus August Otto was indeed similar to the Barsanti-Matteucci engine. This frustration contributed to Matteucci's illness that caused his death, in his own home in Capannori, near Lucca; the documents concerning the priority of Barsanti and Matteucci’s engine and their patents in England, France and Prussia are kept in the archive of the library of the Museo Galileo in Florence. Matteucci, Felice. Intorno a due istrumenti automatici che descrivono in modo continuo le curve delle pioggie e delle variazioni nel pelo dell'acqua dei fiumi. Roma: Stabilimento Giuseppe Civelli. Matteucci, Felice. Sfioratori a stramazzo per moderare le piene dei fiumi.

Firenze: Tipografia Bencini. History of the internal combustion engine Archive of Museo Galileo

Nina Hole

Nina Hole was a Danish artist and performance artist who helped to found the CLAY Museum of Ceramic Art Denmark and the International Ceramics Center–Guldagergaard. Hole studied at the Art and Craft School and Fredonia State College, New York, she was a founding member of Clay Today, a cooperative which organized an international symposium at the Tommerup Brickyard Studio in Funen, Denmark, in 1990. Hole was a primary force behind the establishment of the CLAY Museum of Ceramic Art, which opened in Middelfart in 1994, where she served for a time on the museum board. In 1997, Hole's energy and intelligence helped to create the International Ceramics Research Center – Guldagergaard, in Skælskør, Denmark. Known for her fiery enthusiasm for clay and community, Hole first gained recognition for a series of enormous burning works that she called "Fire Sculptures." Hole wrote of these works, which synthesized aspects of ceramics and performance: "I have developed a concept of constructing large outdoor sculptures that include all the elements: the burning, the structural surface, the form, controlling the fire, change."

From the outset of her training, Hole felt. She bridled against rules dictating acceptable notions of surface. Hole's desire to push her work beyond convention made her open to experiencing new cultures, she came to the United States in the 1970s and found a sense of connection with the open-mindedness of the American ceramics scene of that era, wherein experimentation with material and form was encouraged. The decade she spent in the U. S. led Hole to recognize more vividly the embedded roles of memory, native culture, terrain in her artistic ambition. Embedded for her was the interrelationship in Denmark of the tower structures of old churches with the natural landscape. Explorations of tensions and harmony between nature and the built environment remained central to the evolution of imagery in many of her Fire Sculptures. Hole worked with the help of community members and workshop volunteers, she integrated sculpture into a single structure incorporating a firebox beneath the work. Hole's first Fire Sculpture, The House of the Rising Sun, was built on Janet Mansfield's farm in Gulgong, Australia, in 1994.

Hole's initial collaboration in Fire Sculpture research occurred with a fellow artist, Jørgen Hansen. Another important collaboration included her work with the American artist and kiln designer Fred Olsen. Hole's technical breakthroughs grew out of experimentation with construction techniques and materials; this included use of insulating fibre blankets that became accessible to artists following research into the design of high-tech furnaces and the needs of the space industry. Like the California artist John Roloff, who began to create site-specific fired-earth works in the mid-1980s, Hole used fiber blankets to integrate the firing process in the creation of new works. Hole used fiber to envelop large ceramic sculptures constructed in the landscape using a system of baffle-like structures throughout her monolithic forms. Hole's work influenced thousands both by its public nature as event and spectacle, through her enduring zeal for travel and collective creativity. Hole died in early 2016, the International Ceramics Center–Guldagergaard has created the Nina Hole Memorial Residency Award in her honor.

Fire Sculpture in Skælskør Fire Sculpture in Höhr-Grenzhausen The Ceramist of the Year, Vest Sjaelland, Denmark Chautauqua Art Show, New York, United States Westwood Raku Show, United States The Danish Institute Athens with the Velux Foundation The Danish State Art Fund, 3 years support, 1996 Knud Højgaards Fond The Danish State Art Fund Hrs. Cl. Davids Legat for slægt og venner Denmarks National Bank Jubilæumsfond Fl. Smidt & Co. A/s gavefond Politiken-Fonden Unibank Fund Ole Haslunds Art Fund Anna Klint Sørensens Fund 2000 Orton Cone Box Show juror with Jeff Oestreich and Richard Notkin Lancet, Marc. "Catalogue Essay". Nina Hole. Brown, Glenn. "Articles and books about Nina Hole's firesculptures and other sculptures". "The Meeting Place". Neuve Keramik/ New Ceramic. January/ February: 54–57. "From Intuition and Fire". Yarrobil Magazine. Official website

X Factor (Danish season 7)

X Factor is a Danish television music competition to find new singing talent. The seventh season premiered on January 3, 2014 on DR1 and ended on March 28. Eva Harlou replaced Signe Molde as host. Thomas Blachman returned for his sixth season as judge and was rejoined by Lina Rafn and Remee, reinstating the original judging panel from seasons 1 and 2. Rafn and Remee rejoined the judging panel as replacements for former judges, Ida Corr and Anne Linnet. Spin-off show Xtra Factor did not return. After the sixth live show of the sixth season on March 15, 2013, Ida Corr was asked if she would return as a judge for another season and said that she did not know. On 17 June, it was reported that former judge Remee, who appeared in the first three seasons, was in talks with DR1 to return as a judge for season 7. On August 16, it was announced that Eva Harlou would replace Signe Molde as host for the seventh season. On 17 September, judge Anne Linnet revealed that Lina Rafn, who appeared in the first two seasons, Remee would be re-joining Thomas Blachman for season 7.

The following day, the judging panel was confirmed as Blachman and Remee. The live auditions were dropped and replaced by the room auditions last used in season 3; the auditions took place in Århus from September 24-26, 2013, at DR Byen in Copenhagen from September 30-October 2, 2013. Superbootcamp took place at Vega; the 15-23s and Over 24s categories were changed to 15-22s and Over 23s. Remee received Blachman received the Groups. Remee took the Over 23s to his home and was assisted by Chief 1; the 6 eliminated acts were: 14-22s: Dannie, Hadiel Over 23s: Chaimae, Tommy Groups: Anne Sophie & Ida, Ása & Carsten – Winner – Runner-up – Third place The live shows started on February 14, 2014 at DR Byen. The season 7 final was the first since season 2 to be held at DR Byen after being held in Parken from seasons 3-4 and Jyske Bank Boxen from seasons 5-6. Contestants' colour key: Theme: SignatureJudges' votes to eliminateBlachman: Pernille Nordtorp Remee: lickety-split Rafn: lickety-split Theme: Danish hits Musical guest: Shaka Loveless Judges' votes to eliminateBlachman: Mathias Chrøis Remee: Fie Winther Rafn: Mathias Chrøis Theme: Top 40 HitsJudges' votes to eliminateBlachman: Henriette Haubjerg Remee: Fie Winther Rafn: Fie Winther Theme: Eurovision hitsJudges' votes to eliminateRafn: Pernille Nordtorp Blachman: Steffen Gilmartin Remee: Steffen Gilmartin Theme: British beatsJudges' votes to eliminateRafn: ManBand Blachman: Henriette Haubjerg Remee: ManBand Theme: Songs from the contestants birth years.

Theme: Free choice.


Mouchaak is a Bengali television soap opera that premiered on March 25, 2013 and airs on Star Jalsha. The series replaced the series Bidhir Bidhan, it was produced by Shibaji Panja stars Bulbuli Choubey Panja as main female protagonist, Samrat Mukherjee as main male protagonist and Rita Koiral as main female antagonist and stars Priyam Chakraborty, Arun Banerjee, Vivaan Ghosh and Chaiti Ghoshal in supporting roles. Bulbuli Choubey Panja as Jhimli Sen Samrat Mukherjee as Samrat Sen Priyam Chakroborty as Sreelekha / Subhalakshmi Vivaan Ghosh as Somok Sen Arun Bannerjee as Arijit Sen Rita Koyral as Paroma Sen Debasree Chakraborty as Raima Sen Rajat Ganguly as Surya’s Father Chaiti Ghoshal as Mrittika Arka Majumdar as Surya Piyali Mukherjee as Chandni / Chand Dulal Lahiri as Agni Rumki Chatterjee as Jhimli’s Aunt Sharbani Chatterjee as Sreelekha’s Aunt Joyeeta Sen as Titli Sarkar Abhishek Saha as Agnishwar Sarkar / Agni Anirban Guha as Brojeshwar Sarkar / Brojo Abanti Dutta as Chandana Sarkar / Chadu Pradip Chakraborty as Rajeshwar Sarkar / Raju / Ju Dada Kushal Chakraborty as Hiranmay Mitter / Hiru Anindita Saha Kapileshwari as Pallavi Mitter Sudip Sarkar as Rahul Mitter Manoj Mitra as Snehamoy Mitter Smita Chatterjee as Ira Sen Bobby Chakraborty as Tinkori Sen Kunal Padhi as Anandaroop Sanyal Chhanda Chatterjee as Binti Pishi Atanu Mukherjee as Jhimli’s Boss June Maliya as Mallika Sanyal Bonny Mukherjee as Dolon Animesh Bhadury as Kunal Disha Ganguly as Saji Sen Sourav Chatterjee as Priyangshu Dhrubojyoti Sarkar as Gunjan Sanyal


Epichloë is a genus of ascomycete fungi forming an endophytic symbiosis with grasses. Grass choke disease is a symptom in grasses induced by some Epichloë species, which form spore-bearing mats on tillers and suppress the development of their host plant's inflorescence. For most of their life cycle however, Epichloë grow in the intercellular space of stems, leaves and seeds of the grass plant without incurring symptoms of disease. In fact, they provide several benefits to their host, including the production of different herbivore-deterring alkaloids, increased stress resistance, growth promotion. Within the family Clavicipitaceae, Epichloë is embedded in a group of endophytic and plant pathogenic fungi, whose common ancestor derived from an animal pathogen; the genus includes both species with asexual, anamorphic species. The latter were placed in the form genus Neotyphodium but included in Epichloë after molecular phylogenetics had shown asexual and sexual species to be intermingled in a single clade.

Hybrid speciation has played an important role in the evolution of the genus. Epichloë species are ecologically significant through their effects on host plants, their presence has been shown to alter the composition of plant communities and food webs. Grass varieties of tall fescue and ryegrass, with symbiotic Epichloë endophyte strains, are commercialised and used for pasture and turf. Elias Fries, in 1849, first defined Epichloë as a subgenus of Cordyceps; as type species, he designated Cordyceps typhina described by Christiaan Hendrik Persoon. The brothers Charles and Louis René Tulasne raised the subgenus to genus rank in 1865. Epichloë typhina would remain the only species in the genus until the discovery of fungal grass endophytes causing livestock intoxications in the 1970s and 1980s, which stimulated the description of new species. Several species from Africa and Asia that develop stromata on grasses were split off as a separate genus Parepichloë in 1998. Many Epichloë species have forms that reproduce sexually, several purely asexual species are related to them.

These anamorphs were long classified separately: Morgan-Jones and Gams collected them in a section of genus Acremonium. In a molecular phylogenetic study in 1996, Glenn and colleagues found the genus to be polyphyletic and proposed a new genus Neotyphodium for the anamorphic species related to Epichloë. A number of species continued to be described in both genera until Leuchtmann and colleagues included most of the form genus Neotyphodium in Epichloë. Phylogenetic studies had shown both genera to be intermingled, the nomenclatural code required since 2011 that one single name be used for all stages of development of a fungal species. Only Neotyphodium starrii, of unclear status, N. chilense, unrelated, were excluded from Epichloë. As of 2020, there are 6 varieties described. 14 species, 3 subspecies and 5 varieties are haploid. 21 species and 1 variety are hybrids. Several taxa are only known as anamorphic forms, most of which have been classified in Neotyphodium. Epichloë species are specialized to form and maintain systemic, constitutive symbioses with plants with limited or no disease incurred on the host.

The best-studied of these symbionts are associated with the grasses and sedges, in which they infect the leaves and other aerial tissues by growing between the plant cells or on the surface above or beneath the cuticle. An individual infected plant will bear only a single genetic individual clavicipitaceous symbiont, so the plant-fungus system constitutes a genetic unit called a symbiotum. Symptoms and signs of the fungal infection, if manifested at all, only occur on a specific tissue or site of the host tiller, where the fungal stroma or sclerotium emerges; the stroma is a mycelial cushion that gives rise first to asexual spores to the sexual fruiting bodies. Sclerotia are hard resting structures that germinate to form stipate stromata. Depending on the fungus species, the host tissues on which stromata or sclerotia are produced may be young inflorescences and surrounding leaves, individual florets, nodes, or small segments of the leaves. Young stromata are hyaline, as they mature they turn dark gray, black, or yellow-orange.

Mature stromata eject meiotically derived spores, which are ejected into the atmosphere and initiate new plant infections. In some cases no stroma or sclerotium is produced, but the fungus infects seeds produced by the infected plant, is thereby transmitted vertically to the next host generation. Most Epichloë species, all asexual species, can vertically transmit; the taxonomic dichotomy is interesting in this group of symbionts, because vegetative propagation of fungal mycelium occurs by vertical transmission, i.e. fungal growth into newly developing host tillers. Many Epichloë species infect new grass plants by growing into the seeds of their grass hosts, infecting the growing seedling. Manifestation of the sexual state — which only occurs in Epichloë species — causes "choke disease", a condition in which grass inflorescences are engulfed by rapid fungal outgrowth forming a stroma; the fungal stroma suppresses host seed production and culminates in the ejection of meiospores that mediate horizontal transmission of the fungus to new plants.

So, the two transmission modes exclude each other, al

Jamomet family

The Jamomet family known as Jamometi, Jamometić or Jamometović, was one of the twelve noble tribes of the Kingdom of Croatia, mentioned in the Pacta conventa. From Dalmatia, in the 14th century the surname is mentioned in Zachlumia being a branch of the Croatian tribe, but the relationship remains uncertain; the families in the sources are referred as Giamometorichi, Iamomet, Jamometich, Yamometi, Jamomethorum. In the Korjenić-Neorić Armorial, signed as Yamometovich, their coat of arms had a shield with black color, party per pale by a golden pale with three pieces on each side. In each part were three upward silver crescent Moons placed on the top of each other. On the helmet was a crowned black Triton who with the bow is shooting a golden arrow; the helmet's mantle is black-golden. It was again included in the Fojnica Armorial, but instead of a Triton, the helmet has a pair of white wings in the middle of, a golden crescent Moon; the Sarak armorial, signed as Xamometoevich, Bojničić's Siebmachers Wappenbuch: Der Adel von Kroatien und Slavonien, had the same style of the coat of arms like in Korjenić-Neorić armorial.

Their original estates were located in the Northwestern and Central part of the Luka županija in Krbavac lug, Magline, Podlužje, Menišić, near Ostrovica. Earliest known member of the genus is župan Ioannem de genere Jamometorum, one of the twelve noblemen mentioned in Pacta conventa who negotiated with Coloman, King of Hungary, but the document is rather considered a mid-14th century forgery, it is considered that the family existed in the 12th century. First known members are witnesses Pripico et Dobrano Jamometi from 1240 in regard of a land lawsuit near Biograd na Moru; until 1270, Mistihna earned some estates in Selci where had serfs, lived in Zadar as a citizen, like Borislav. In medieval Podlužje parish was located a 12th-13th century Romanesque church dedicated to St. George. Since the end of the 13th century, some members permanently lived with the status of a noble citizen in the city of Nin. In 1284 is recorded Mojša son of Hranko, the latter was the same-named citizen who owned saltworks at Pag in 1292.

A contemporary prominent member of the family was Vučeta who served as the mayor of Split. He was married to Jelena, sister of Ban Paul I Šubić of Bribir, from 1293 he was the Croatian ban's delegate at the Naples Court, his son, had the title of knight, was in the Šubić's service, succeeded his father on the position of the mayor of Nin, died during the wars of Mladen II Šubić of Bribir. His son, Ivan had the title of a knight, lived in Nin where had a status of a noble citizen and founded family Mihaljević. After the fall of Mladen II, the family lost prominence. In 1322 was mentioned certain Harbonja or Herbonja Budčić, whose heirs had a land Krnica near Krbavac Lug, while ten years before land Jarane. In 1351, Radoslav son of Zarnuk earned an estate in Poričani. In 1366, Nikola Cherbouig from Nin bought some land in Prahulje, while in 1373 are recorded Hlapac and Radoslav Pribišević. In 1383, nobleman Nelipac Jamomet had estates which bordered Snojaci. In 1389, nobleman Grgur Kličković de genere Iamomet lived in Podlužje and sold some parts of lands there.

A year nobleman Gostiša Križanić de genere Jamomet sold part of the land in village Rosulje. In 1391, Juraj son of Pavle of Jamomet from village Menišće sold some land in Podlužje. In the same year mentioned Gostiša sold some land in Rosulje, which witnessed Juraj. In 1412, Ostoja Novaković was a citizen of Nin; some members like Lovro of Dražmil earned citizenship of Zadar. He had estates in Biljane which sold 1425 to Vlach Milovacije Bilojević, in Kamenjane since 1436, 1441 in Turanj for 1600 ducats, as well as traded fabrics and invested 1500 ducats in a trade association. In 1433 and 1440 is recorded Vukašin Ančić de genere Jamomet who had the function of a noble judge in Luka županija. In 1481 are mentioned for the last time in the surroundings of Zadar. In the second half of the 15th century, in 1483 near Ostrožac Castle in the area of Pounje were some tribe estates managed by Burić and Juraj Mitković; the village Yamowech called Jamomet, was since 1330 gifted to the Babonić family by King Charles I of Hungary.

Andrija Jamometić, a Dominican priest and humanist, whose family was from Nin. Since 1475 was provincial of Greek Dominican province, since 1476 Archbishop of Krujë in Albania, since 1478 in diplomatic missions for Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor. At the Diets of Nuremberg in 1481 called for unified European effort against the Ottoman Empire conquest, because of criticizing nepotism and debauchery at the court of Pope Sixtus IV, the Pope imprisoned him for a short period of time. In 1482 he tried to organize a continuation of Council of Basel–Ferrara–Florence with which would have been held a renewal of the Church and fight against the Ottomans, but on the Pope and Emperor's behalf was imprisoned in Basel, where died in suspicious circumstances; as he was excommunicated his remains were thrown into the river Rhine. His main work was Proclamatio concilii Basiliensis. In the 14th century a branch of Vučeta's cousins, was gifted with some estates in Zachlumia where are mentioned from 1333 until 1466.

However, their relationship with Jamometić's in Dalmatia and Pounje is unclear. To them are probably related surnames Mometa, its branch Obradović, from Neretva, which connection to the Croatian tribe is uncertain, they are prim