Adiantum jordanii is a perennial species of maidenhair fern, in the Vittarioideae subfamily of the Pteridaceae. The species is known by the common name California maidenhair, it is native to Baja California. A. jordanii is found in the southernmost part of its range in Baja California with such flora associates as Mimulus aridus and Daucus pusillus. Each trailing leaf may reach over half a meter in length and is made up of many rounded green segments; each segment has two to four lobes and it may split between the lobes, the underside of each segment bearing one to four sori. Adiantum jordanii is a carrier of the fungus-like oomycete, Phytophthora ramorum, which causes Sudden Oak Death; the USDA enforces an import control, focusing intensely on areas that are infected with Sudden Oak death. When sold, they must be identified by place of origin and must be accompanied by a phytosanitary certificate; the USDA warns to not take cuttings from wild specimens. Adiantum jordanii, from native plant nurseries, is used in native wildlife gardens.
C. Michael Hogan. 2008. Coastal Woodfern, GlobalTwitcher, ed. N. Stromberg Jepson Manual. 1993. Adiantum jordanii, University of California, Berkeley U. S. Department of Agriculture. 2009. USDA Plants Profile: Adiantum jordanii U. S. D. A. Import Control Notice. Import prohibited plants and areas related to sudden oak death Photo gallery
Humboldt County, California
Humboldt County is a county in the U. S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 132,646; the county seat is Eureka. Humboldt County comprises CA Micropolitan Statistical Area, it is located on the far North Coast, about 270 miles north of San Francisco. Its primary population centers of Eureka, the site of College of the Redwoods main campus, the smaller college town of Arcata, site of Humboldt State University, are located adjacent to Humboldt Bay, California's second largest natural bay. Area cities and towns are known for hundreds of ornate examples of Victorian architecture. Humboldt County is a densely forested mountainous and rural county with about 110 miles of coastline, situated along the Pacific coast in Northern California's rugged Coast Ranges. With nearly 1,500,000 acres of combined public and private forest in production, Humboldt County alone produces twenty percent of total volume and thirty percent of the total value of all forest products produced in California.
The county contains over forty percent of all remaining old growth Coast Redwood forests, the vast majority of, protected or conserved within dozens of national and local forests and parks, totaling 680,000 acres. The original inhabitants of the area now known as Humboldt County include the Wiyot, Hupa, Chilula and the Eel River Athapaskan peoples, including the Wailaki and Nongatl. Andrés de Urdaneta found the coast near Cape Mendocino followed the coast south to Acapulco in 1565. Spanish traders made unintended visits to California with the Manila Galleons on their return trips from the Philippines beginning in 1565. Humboldt County was formed in 1853 from parts of Trinity County; the first recorded entry by people of European origin was a landing by the Spanish in 1775 in Trinidad. The first recorded entry of Humboldt Bay by non-natives was an 1806 visit from a sea otter hunting party from Sitka employed by the Russian American Company; the hunting party included Captain Jonathan Winship, an American, some Aleut hunters.
The bay was not visited again by people of European origin until 1849 when Josiah Gregg's party visited. In 1850, Douglas Ottinger and Hans Buhne entered the bay, naming it Humboldt in honor of the great naturalist and world explorer, Alexander von Humboldt, the name was applied to the county as a whole; the area around Humboldt Bay was once inhabited by the Wiyot Indian tribe. One of the largest Wiyot villages, was located on Indian Island in Humboldt Bay. Founded around 900 BC, it contains a shell midden 6 acres in size and 14 feet deep, it was the site of the February 26, 1860 massacre of the Wiyot people, recorded by Bret Harte living in Union, now called Arcata. Between 60 and 200 Wiyot men and children were murdered that night. Tolowot is now a National Historic Landmark. State historic landmarks in Humboldt County include Arcata and Mad River Railroad, California's First Drilled Oil Wells in Petrolia, Camp Curtis, Centerville Beach Cross, the City of Eureka, the town of Ferndale, Fort Humboldt, Humboldt Harbor Historical District, the Jacoby Building, The Old Arrow Tree, Old Indian Village of Tsurai, the Town of Trinidad, Trinidad Head.
On February 5 and 6, 1885, Eureka's entire Chinese population of 300 men and 20 women were expelled after a gunfight between rival Chinese gangs resulted in the wounding of a 12-year-old boy and the death of 56-year-old David Kendall, a Eureka City Councilman. After the shooting, an angry mob of 600 Eureka residents met and informed the Chinese that they were no longer wanted in Eureka and would be hanged if they were to stay in town longer than 3 p.m. the next day. They were shipped to San Francisco. No one was killed in the expulsion. Another Chinese expulsion occurred during 1906 in a cannery on the Eel River, in which 23 Chinese cannery workers were expelled after objections to their presence. However, some Chinese remained in the Orleans area, where some white landowners sheltered and purchased food for the Chinese mineworkers until after racial tension passed. Chinese did not return to the coastal cities until the 1950s; the coastal zone of the county experiences wet, cool winters and dry, mild foggy summers.
In the winter, temperatures range from highs of 40–59 °F to lows of 32–49 °F. Coastal summers are cool to mild, with average highs of 60 -- frequent fogs. Coastal summer temperatures range from highs of 64–70 °F to lows of 46–55 °F. In the populated areas and cities near the coast, the highest temperatures tend to occur at locations just a few miles inland from Eureka and Arcata, in towns like Fortuna, Rio Dell, smaller unincorporated communities located somewhat further away from Humboldt Bay. In these locations summer highs are 70–75 °F; the coastal zone experiences a number of frosty nights in winter and early spring, though snowfall and hard freezes are rare. Coastal winters are wet. Winter rainstorms are frequent, with averages from 30 inches to 100 inches a year varying with elevation. Inland areas of the county experience wet, cool winters. Snowfall is common at elevations over 3,000 ft throughout the winter months, is deep enough at higher elevations to have inspired the opening of a small ski lift operation on Horse Mountain, near Willow Creek, for several decades in the late 1900s.
Summer displays the sharpest difference between the inland climates. Inland regions of Humboldt County experience highs of 80–99 °F depending on
The Lost World: Jurassic Park
The Lost World: Jurassic Park is a 1997 American science fiction adventure film and the second installment in the Jurassic Park film series. A sequel to 1993's Jurassic Park, the film was written by David Koepp, loosely based on Michael Crichton's 1995 novel The Lost World, directed by Steven Spielberg. Gerald R. Molen and Colin Wilson produced the film. Actor Jeff Goldblum returns as the chaos-theorist and eccentric mathematician Ian Malcolm, leading a cast that includes: Julianne Moore, Pete Postlethwaite, Vince Vaughn, Vanessa Lee Chester, Arliss Howard. Goldblum is the only actor from the first film to return with a major role. Cameos feature return appearances by Richard Attenborough as John Hammond and a brief appearance by Joseph Mazzello and Ariana Richards as Hammond's grandchildren Tim and Lex; the story is set four years after the events of the original film. It centers on the fictional Central American island of Isla Sorna, off the Pacific coast of Costa Rica, where the dinosaurs cloned by John Hammond's InGen have been roaming in their own ecosystem.
Learning that his nephew, who took control of InGen, is planning to capture the Isla Sorna dinosaurs and remove them to the mainland, Hammond sends an expedition led by Dr. Ian Malcolm to arrive there before InGen's squad; the two groups confront each other in the face of extreme danger and team up to survive. After the original book's release and the first film's success, fans pressured Crichton for a sequel to his novel Jurassic Park. Following the book's publication in 1995, production began on a film sequel. Filming took place from September to December 1996 in California, with a shoot in Kauai, where the first film was shot; the Lost World's plot and imagery is darker than Jurassic Park. It makes more extensive use of computer-generated imagery to depict the dinosaurs, along with life-sized animatronics; the film grossed over $618 million worldwide. A sequel, Jurassic Park III, was released on July 18, 2001. On Isla Sorna, off the Pacific coast of Costa Rica, a girl named Cathy Bowman wanders around during a family vacation, survives an attack by a swarm of Compsognathus.
Her parents file a lawsuit against the genetics company InGen, now headed by John Hammond's nephew, Peter Ludlow, who plans to use Isla Sorna to recover losses from the incident that occurred at Jurassic Park four years earlier. Mathematician Dr. Ian Malcolm meets Hammond who explains Isla Sorna is where InGen created their dinosaurs before moving them to Jurassic Park on Isla Nublar, he hopes to stop InGen by sending a team to Isla Sorna to document the dinosaurs and attract support against human interference on the island. Malcolm, who survived the Jurassic Park disaster, is reluctant. After learning his girlfriend, paleontologist Dr. Sarah Harding, is part of the team and is on Isla Sorna, he agrees to go to the island but only to retrieve her. Malcolm meets his teammates, Eddie Carr, an equipment specialist and engineer, Nick Van Owen, a video documentarian and activist. Arriving on the island, they locate Sarah and discover Malcolm's daughter, stowed away in a trailer being used as a mobile base.
They watch. The team is led by big game hunter Roland Tembo, includes his second-in-command Dieter Stark, his hunting partner and friend Ajay Sidhu, hunters, paleontologist Robert Burke, Ludlow. Tembo hopes to capture a male Tyrannosaurus rex by luring it using the cries of its injured infant; that night, Malcolm's team sneak into the InGen camp and learn the captured dinosaurs will be taken to a newly proposed theme park in San Diego, abandoned for the islands. This prompts Sarah to free the caged dinosaurs, wreaking havoc on the camp. Nick takes it to the trailer to mend its broken leg. After securing Kelly with Eddie, Malcolm realizes the infant's parents are searching for it and rushes to the trailer; as he arrives, the infant's parents emerge from both sides of the trailer. The infant is released to the adults. Eddie arrives, but as he tries to retrieve the trailer with an SUV, the adult T. rexes return and devour him. The vehicles plummet off the cliff. Malcolm, Sarah and Kelly are rescued by the InGen team.
With both groups' communications equipment and vehicles destroyed, they team up to search for the old InGen compound's radio station. Lost in the forest, Stark is killed by a pack of Compsognathus; the following night, the adult T. rexes find the group's camp by following the infant's blood scent on Sarah's jacket. The female T. rex devours Burke. Ajay and most of the remaining InGen team are killed by Velociraptors while fleeing through a long grass field. Nick runs to the communications center at the Worker's Village to call for rescue. After Malcolm and Kelly reach the village, they evade raptors until a helicopter arrives and transports them, Nick, off the island. A freighter transporting the male T. rex to San Diego crashes into the dock. Finding the ship's crew dead, a guard opens the cargo hold and accidentally releases the T. rex into the city which goes on a destructive rampage. Malcolm and Sarah retrieve the infant T. rex from InGen's unfinished Jurassic Park San Diego facility and use it to lure the adult back to the ship.
Ludlow is trapped in the cargo hold and maimed by the adult T. rex. He is subsequently mauled to death by the infant. Before the adult can escape again, Sarah tranquilizes it; the T. rexes are escorted back to Isla Sorna, Hammond says that the American and Costa Rican governments have
A trail is a path, track or unpaved lane or road. In the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland path or footpath is the preferred term for a walking trail; the term is applied, in North America, to routes along rivers, sometimes to highways. In the US, the term was used for a route into or through wild territory used by emigrants. In the USA "trace" is a synonym for trail, as in Natchez Trace; some trails are single use and can only be used for walking, horse riding and cross-country skiing. There are unpaved trails used by dirt bikes and other off-road vehicles and in some places, like the Alps, trails are used for moving cattle and other livestock. In Australia, the term track can be used interchangeably with trail, can refer to anything from a dirt road to an unpaved pedestrian path. In New Zealand, the terms track or walkway are used exclusively except in reference to cross-country skiing: "walkways vary enormously in nature, from short urban strolls, to moderate coastal locations, to challenging tramps in the high country ".
Walkway is used in St. John's, Canada, where the "Grand Concourse", is an integrated walkway system. In the United Kingdom, the term trail is in common usage. Longer distance walking routes, government-promoted long distance paths, collectively known as National Trails, are frequently called ways; the term footpath is preferred for pedestrian routes, including long distance trails, is used for urban paths and sometimes in place of pavement. Track is used for wider paths used for hiking; the terms bridleway, restricted byway are all recognised legal terms and to a greater or lesser extent in general usage. The increased popularity of mountain biking has led to a proliferation of mountain bike trails in many countries; these will be grouped to form larger complexes, known as trail centers. In the early years of the 20th century, the term auto trail was used for a marked highway route, trail is now used to designate routes, including highway routes, designated for tourist interest like the Cabot Trail, Nova Scotia and the Quilt Trails in the US.
The term trail has been used by developers and urban planners for a variety of modern paved roads and boulevards, in these countries, some highways continue to be called a trail, such as the Susquehanna Trail in Pennsylvania, a designation that varies from a two-lane road to a four-lane freeway. A unusual use of the term is in the Canadian province of Alberta, which has multi-lane freeways called trails. Trail segregation, the practice of designating certain trails as having a specific preferred or exclusive use, is common and diverse. For example, bike trails are used not only on roads open to motor vehicles, but in trail systems open to other trail users; some trails are segregated for use by both equestrians and mountain bikes, or by equestrians only, or by mountain bikes only. Designated "wilderness area" trails may be segregated for non-wheeled use. Trail segregation for a particular use is accompanied by prohibitions against that use on other trails within the trail system. Trail segregation may be supported by signage, trail design and construction, by separation between parallel treads.
Separation may be achieved by "natural" barriers including distance, banking and vegetation, by "artificial" barriers including fencing and walls. Bicycle trails encompass a wide variety of trail types, including shared-use paths used for commuting, off-road cross country trails and downhill mountain bike trails; the number of off-road cycle trails has increased along with the popularity of mountain bikes. Off-road bicycle trails are function-specific and most waymarked along their route, they may form part of larger complexes, known as trail centres. Off-road trails incorporate a mix of challenging terrain, smooth fireroads, paved paths. Trails with an easy or moderate technical complexity are deemed cross-country trails, while trails difficult to experienced riders are more dubbed all-mountain, freeride, or downhill. Downhilling is popular at ski resorts such as Mammoth Mountain in California or Whistler Blackcomb in British Columbia, where ski lifts are used to get bikes and riders to the top of the mountain.
EuroVelo bicycle routes are a network of long-distance cycling routes criss-crossing Europe in various stages of completion, more than 45,000 km was in place by 2013. It is envisaged that the network will be complete by 2020 and when finished, the EuroVelo network's total length will exceed 70,000 km. EuroVelo is a project of the European Cyclists' Federation. EuroVelo routes can be used for bicycle touring across the continent, as well as by local people making short journeys; the routes are made of both existing national bike routes, such as the Dutch LF-Routes, the German D-Routes, the British National Cycle Network, existing general purpose roads, together with new stretches of cycle routes to connect them. Off-road cycling can cause soil erosion and habitat destruction if not carried out on established trails; this is so when trails are wet, overall though, cycling may have only as mu
The Roosevelt elk known as Olympic elk, is the largest of the four surviving subspecies of elk in North America. Their range includes the rain forests of the Pacific Northwest, extends to parts of northern California, they were introduced to Kodiak, Alaska's Afognak and Raspberry Islands in 1928; the desire to protect the elk was one of the primary forces behind the establishment of the Mount Olympus National Monument in 1909. Adults grow to around 6 -- stand 2.5 -- 5.6 ft tall at the wither. Elk bulls weigh between 700 and 1100 lb, while cows weigh 575–625 lb; some mature bulls from Raspberry Island in Alaska have weighed nearly 1300 lb. From late spring to early fall, Roosevelt elk feed on herbaceous plants, such as sedges. During winter months, they feed on woody plants, including highbush cranberry, devil's club, newly planted seedlings. Roosevelt elk are known to eat blueberries, mushrooms and salmonberries. In the wild, Roosevelt elk live beyond 12 to 15 years, but in captivity have been known to live over 25 years.
This elk subspecies was reintroduced to British Columbia's Sunshine Coast from Vancouver Island in 1986. Dean Creek Elk Viewing Area Manitoban elk Rocky Mountain elk Tule elk Return of the elk to the B. C. Lower Mainland
A filming location is a place where some or all of a film or television series is produced, in addition to or instead of using sets constructed on a movie studio backlot or soundstage. In filmmaking, a location is any place where a film crew will be filming actors and recording their dialog. A location where dialog is not recorded may be considered as a second unit photography site. Filmmakers choose to shoot on location because they believe that greater realism can be achieved in a "real" place. Many films shoot exterior scenes on location, it is mistakenly believed that filming "on location" takes place in the actual location in which its story is set, but this is not the case. There are two main types of locations. Location shooting is the practice of filming in an actual setting Studio shoots in either a sound stage or back lot It is common for films or television series to be set in one place, but filmed in another for reasons of economy or convenience, but sometimes because the substitute location looks more appropriate.
Some substitute filming locations, the corresponding film setting, include: Almería, Spain - Southwest USA Cadiz, Spain - Havana, Cuba Hawaii - West Africa, Brazilian Amazon Madrid, Spain - Moscow, Russia Malta - Ancient Sparta. Location shooting Location manager Location scouting Location library Filmmaking