Fernando Alonso (dancer)

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Fernando Alonso
Born
Fernando Juan Evangelista Eugenio de Jesús Alonso Rayneri

(1914-12-17)17 December 1914
Died27 July 2013(2013-07-27) (aged 98)
Havana, Cuba
OccupationBallet
Spouse(s)Alicia Alonso (1937-1975; divorced); 1 child
Former groupsAmerican Ballet Theatre (1940–1948),
Cuban National Ballet (1948–2013)

Fernando Alonso (17 December 1914[1] – 27 July 2013) was a Cuban ballet dancer. He co-founder of the Cuban National Ballet and was part of the American Ballet Theatre company between 1940 until 1948.

Biography[edit]

Born as Fernando Juan Evangelista Eugenio de Jesús Alonso Rayneri in Havana, Cuba in 1914 to Matías Alonso Reverón and Laura Rayneri Piedra.[2][3] His father worked as an accountant and his mother worked at a local cultural institution, Sociedad Pro-Arte Musical, within their household the arts were valued.[3] By 1929, at age 15 both Fernando and his younger brother Alberto were sent to Mobile, Alabama in the United States, due to the country's political instability.[3][4]

He returned to Cuba in 1935 at the age of 21, and began his dancing career that year by enrolling in dance classes.[5][3] In 1937 he married Alicia Martínez del Hoyo, a teenage ballet dancer;[6] the new couple and Alonso's brother moved to New York City, hoping to begin their professional careers in the United States.[5][6] In 1938, their child Laura was born.[3]

He and Alicia joined the American Ballet Theatre in 1940, where they remained until 1948.[citation needed] They returned to Havana and were part of a group called the Alicia Alonso Ballet Company, where his wife co-founded her own company with him, it later became the Ballet Nacional de Cuba.[5] He separated from Alicia in 1974.[3] In 1975, after he and Alicia divorced.[citation needed] He took control of the Ballet de Camagüey in the city of Camagüey, where he remained until 1992.[3]

In 2000, he was awarded Cuba's National Dance Prize for lifetime achievement.[5] On 27 July 2013, Cuba's state television announced his death at the age of 98.[3] No cause was specified, however his daughter Laura reported it was due to kidney failure.[3][5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Octavio Roca, Alicia Alonso, Mikhail Baryshnikov (2010). Cuban Ballet. Gibbs Smith. p. 48. ISBN 1-4236-0758-9.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  2. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica biography. Retrieved 22 September 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i Slotnik, Daniel E. (2013-08-02). "Fernando Alonso, a Founder of Cuban Ballet, Dies at 98". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2018-12-22.
  4. ^ Cruickshank, Judith (2013-08-09). "Fernando Alonso obituary". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2018-12-22.
  5. ^ a b c d e "Cuban ballet co-founder Fernando Alonso dies at 98". Star Tribune. 27 July 2013. Retrieved 27 July 2013.
  6. ^ a b "Cuba's Alicia Alonso: An International Ballet Legend". Panoramas. 2016-09-30. Retrieved 2018-12-22.