Vicente Aranda Ezquerra was a Spanish film director and producer. Due to his refined and personal style, he was one of the most renowned Spanish filmmakers, he started as a founding member of the Barcelona School of Film and became known for bringing contemporary Spanish novels to life on the big screen. Aranda was noted for exploring difficult social issues and variations on the theme of desire while using the codes of melodrama. Love as uncontrollable passion and cruelty are constant themes in his filmography; the frank examination of sexuality is one of the trademarks of his work, as seen in his most internationally successful film: Amantes. Vicente Aranda Ezquerra was born in Barcelona on 9 November 1926, he was the youngest son in a large and impoverished family who had emigrated from Aragón to Barcelona twenty years before he was born. He knew his father, an itinerant photographer, who died when the child was only seven years old; the Spanish Civil War, in which his family took the side of the losing Republicans, marked his childhood.
Thinking that the war was going to be more bearable in a small town than in Barcelona, the family moved early in the war to Peñalba, his mother's native village. The dire situation there, close to the front at Aragon, forced them to return to Barcelona in 1938. After the war ended, Aranda spent a lot of time in the local movie theatre, much against the wishes of his mother, who took to smelling him on his return for traces of the disinfectant, sprayed in cinemas of the time, he never finished his formal studies. At age thirteen, he began to work, he had a number of different jobs in his home town, trying a multitude of trades before following his brother Palmiro to Venezuela in 1952. He emigrated for political reasons. In Venezuela, Aranda worked as a cargo technician for an American shipping business, he directed programs at NCR. After seven years, he returned to Spain in 1959. Wealthy and married upon his return, he intended to become a novelist, but found that he lacked enough talent as a writer.
He was encouraged to try his hand at filmmaking. He was not allowed to enroll at the School of Cinema in Madrid because he had not graduated from high school. In Barcelona and self-taught, Aranda found a way to direct his first feature film. Nearly 40 years old when he started directing, Aranda did not gain international success until his 60s, he had a prolific career, making 27 films in more than 40 years as a director. Vicente Aranda married twice, his first wife, Luisa, a name he used for the female leads in his films, committed suicide years after they divorced. They did not have children. Aranda's second wife, Teresa Font, was thirty years his junior, she was the editor of his movies since the mid-1980s. Aranda made his directorial debut with the low-budget Brillante Porvenir, co-directing with screenwriter Román Gubern to avoid problems with the directors guild of Spain. Loosely inspired by the American novel, The Great Gatsby, the film used the aesthetic of the neorealism in a story of a young man from the provinces who tries to make it into the Catalan middle class.
Brillante Porvenir, cut by censors, was received coldly by public and critics. This failure made; the director's second film, Fata Morgana, an unusual work in Spanish Cinema, is an experimental film, based on a script written with Gonzalo Suárez. The film took inspiration for its graphic visual style from comic strips. Ignored upon release, Fata Morgana would be recognized for inspiring the particular kitsch aesthetic of La Escuela de Barcelona, an avant garde movement which sought creative innovation in Spanish films. In the following years, Aranda's work played between pushing the artistic envelope and using a virtual style drawn from mass media. In these films, Aranda tackled established film genres with an eye on modernizing them. Since his first features were not seen, Aranda produced a commercially oriented film with fantastic and erotic overtones: Las Crueles. In it, a mysterious woman elaborates a scheme to avenge the death of her girlfriend by a callous publisher; this filmed was plagued with a series of problems: it was long in the making.
It would take Aranda many years to recover ownership of this film. The experience made him found his own production company: Morgana Film, which produced his next six features. In La Novia Ensangrentada, a female vampire seeks revenge against all men. A genre film for the cultural elite, it evaded censors by virtue of its incomprehensibility. By Aranda's own admission, he sacrificed conventional coherence for the cinematographic and phenomenological possibilities of each action; the film was distributed internationally in the United States and Italy. Aranda started to use the codes of melodrama with Clara es el Precio, an offbeat mix of melodrama and surreal comedy, he cast Amparo Muñoz, Spain's future Miss Universe, as a naive housewife adrift in a world without taboo. She pursues a career as a pornographic film actress in order to fund a business project for her impotent husband; this was made during El Destape, a period in Spanish Cinema that had a prolife
Barcelona is a city in Spain. It is the capital and largest city of the autonomous community of Catalonia, as well as the second most populous municipality of Spain. With a population of 1.6 million within city limits, its urban area extends to numerous neighbouring municipalities within the Province of Barcelona and is home to around 4.8 million people, making it the sixth most populous urban area in the European Union after Paris, Madrid, the Ruhr area and Milan. It is one of the largest metropolises on the Mediterranean Sea, located on the coast between the mouths of the rivers Llobregat and Besòs, bounded to the west by the Serra de Collserola mountain range, the tallest peak of, 512 metres high. Founded as a Roman city, in the Middle Ages Barcelona became the capital of the County of Barcelona. After merging with the Kingdom of Aragon, Barcelona continued to be an important city in the Crown of Aragon as an economic and administrative centre of this Crown and the capital of the Principality of Catalonia.
Barcelona has a rich cultural heritage and is today an important cultural centre and a major tourist destination. Renowned are the architectural works of Antoni Gaudí and Lluís Domènech i Montaner, which have been designated UNESCO World Heritage Sites; the headquarters of the Union for the Mediterranean are located in Barcelona. The city is known for hosting the 1992 Summer Olympics as well as world-class conferences and expositions and many international sport tournaments. Barcelona is one of the world's leading tourist, trade fair and cultural centres, its influence in commerce, entertainment, fashion and the arts all contribute to its status as one of the world's major global cities, it is a major cultural and economic centre in southwestern Europe, 24th in the world and a financial centre. In 2008 it was the fourth most economically powerful city by GDP in the European Union and 35th in the world with GDP amounting to €177 billion. In 2012 Barcelona had a GDP of $170 billion. In 2009 the city was ranked one of the world's most successful as a city brand.
In the same year the city was ranked Europe's fourth best city for business and fastest improving European city, with growth improved by 17% per year, the city has been experiencing strong and renewed growth for the past three years. Since 2011 Barcelona has been a leading smart city in Europe. Barcelona is a transport hub, with the Port of Barcelona being one of Europe's principal seaports and busiest European passenger port, an international airport, Barcelona–El Prat Airport, which handles over 50 million passengers per year, an extensive motorway network, a high-speed rail line with a link to France and the rest of Europe; the name Barcelona comes from the ancient Iberian Barkeno, attested in an ancient coin inscription found on the right side of the coin in Iberian script as, in ancient Greek sources as Βαρκινών, Barkinṓn. Some older sources suggest that the city may have been named after the Carthaginian general Hamilcar Barca, supposed to have founded the city in the 3rd century BC, but there is no evidence that Barcelona was a Carthaginian settlement, or that its name in antiquity, had any connection with the Barcid family of Hamilcar.
During the Middle Ages, the city was variously known as Barchinona, Barçalona and Barchenona. Internationally, Barcelona's name is wrongly abbreviated to'Barça'. However, this name refers only to the football club; the common abbreviated form used by locals is Barna. Another common abbreviation is'BCN', the IATA airport code of the Barcelona-El Prat Airport; the city is referred to as the Ciutat Comtal in Catalan, Ciudad Condal in Spanish, owing to its past as the seat of the Count of Barcelona. The origin of the earliest settlement at the site of present-day Barcelona is unclear; the ruins of an early settlement have been found, including different tombs and dwellings dating to earlier than 5000 BC. The founding of Barcelona is the subject of two different legends; the first attributes the founding of the city to the mythological Hercules. The second legend attributes the foundation of the city directly to the historical Carthaginian general, Hamilcar Barca, father of Hannibal, who named the city Barcino after his family in the 3rd century BC, but there is no historical or linguistic evidence that this is true.
In about 15 BC, the Romans redrew the town as a castrum centred on the "Mons Taber", a little hill near the contemporary city hall. Under the Romans, it was a colony with the surname of Faventia, or, in full, Colonia Faventia Julia Augusta Pia Barcino or Colonia Julia Augusta Faventia Paterna Barcino. Pomponius Mela mentions it among the small towns of the district as it was eclipsed by its neighbour Tarraco, but it may be gathered from writers that it grew in wealth and consequence, favoured as it was with a beautiful situation and an excellent harbour, it enjoyed immunity from imperial burdens. The city minted its own coins. Important Roman vestiges are displayed in Plaça del Rei underground, as a part of the Barcelona City History Museum; some remaining fragments of the Roman walls have been incorporated into the cathedral. The cathedral known as the Basilica La Seu, is said to have been founded in 343; the city
Cayetana Guillén Cuervo
Cayetana Guillén Cuervo is a Spanish actress, journalist and TV presenter. Her parents, Fernando Guillén and Gemma Cuervo, her brother, Fernando are actors, she studied Communication Sciences at the Complutense University of Madrid and, since 1998, she has been the presenter of a weekly program on Televisión Española, Versión Española, where a Spanish-language movie is shown and discussed. Cayetana began her acting career at the end of the 1980s, first in television and in theatre soon after, she debuted in 1986 with a small role in the television series Segunda enseñanza, written by Ana Diosdado and directed by Pedro Masó. In 1987 she played a small role in the theatre production Coqueluche by Roberto Romero. During the following years, Cayetana dedicated herself to theatre but with occasional appearances in television programmes as well as series from the 1990s onwards, her first appearance on the big screen was in 1989 in La luna negra, directed by Imanol Uribe. At the beginning of the 1990s she starred in four different theatre plays: Entre bobos anda el juego and Thriller imposible were both produced by the theatre company Strion.
Her appearances in theatre lessened in the second half of the 1990s, she devoted herself to the film industry. In this successful period Cayetana worked on the well-known films All About My Mother, The Wound of Light and The Grandfather where she worked with her father. Thanks to her role in The Wound of Light, nominated for the Academy Award, she was nominated for the Spanish Goya Award for Best Actress, she made her debut as a TV presenter in 1998 in the national television channel Televisión Española. She works as a presenter in culture programmes on this channel, or more Seventh-Art programmes like Versión Española, running from 1998, where she interviewed the members of the technical and artistic team of a film, displayed before. In the 2000s and 2010s, she works both as a TV presenter and actress, as well as a journalist in the Spanish newspaper El Mundo. Since 2015, she has played the main role of Irene Larra in the successful television series El Ministerio del Tiempo. In 2016 she participated in the first edition.
Miguel Ángel Muñoz was Guillén Cuervo the runner-up. In 2018 she participated in Cero en Historia, TV show hosted by Joaquín Reyes. Premio del Círculo de Escritores Cinematográficos for El abuelo. Premio en la Mostra de Cine de Valencia a la mejor interpretación femenina for Hazlo por mi. Cayetana Guillén Cuervo on IMDb Articles about Cayetana Guillén Cuervo at El País
Benicio del Toro
Benicio Monserrate Rafael del Toro Sánchez is a Puerto Rican Italian actor. He won an Academy Award, BAFTA Award, Golden Globe Award and Screen Actors Guild Award for his portrayal of the jaded but morally upright police officer Javier Rodriguez in the film Traffic. Del Toro's performance as ex-con turned religious fanatic in despair, Jack Jordan, in Alejandro González Iñárritu's 21 Grams earned him a second Academy Award nomination for Best Supporting Actor, as well as a second Screen Actors Guild Awards nomination and a BAFTA Awards nomination for Best Actor in a Leading Role, he is known for his scene-stealing breakout role as the eccentric, unintelligible crook Fred Fenster in The Usual Suspects, which won him his first Independent Spirit Award. His noteworthy body of work includes portrayals of the Collector in the Marvel Cinematic Universe, infamous drug lord Pablo Escobar in Escobar: Paradise Lost, Lawrence Talbot in the 2010 remake of The Wolfman, codebreaker DJ in Star Wars: The Last Jedi.
Del Toro was born on February 19, 1967, in San Germán, Puerto Rico, to Gustavo Adolfo del Toro Bermúdez and Fausta Genoveva Sánchez Rivera, who were both lawyers. Many of del Toro's relatives are involved in Puerto Rico's legal system, he has an older brother, the Executive Vice President and Chief Medical Officer at the Wyckoff Heights Medical Center in the Bushwick section of Brooklyn, New York. He had a Basque maternal great-grandmother. Del Toro is related to Puerto Rican basketball player Carlos Arroyo, Spanish latin pop and eurodance singer Rebeca Pous Del Toro, whose maternal grandfather was Puerto Rican, Puerto Rican singer Eliseo del Toro. Del Toro's great-grandfather was Rafael Rivera Esbrí, one of the heroes of the El Polvorin fire in Ponce, whom would later become mayor of that city, he spent most of his infancy in a barrio within San Juan. Del Toro, whose childhood nicknames were "Skinny Benny" and "Beno", was raised a Roman Catholic and attended Academia del Perpetuo Socorro, a Roman Catholic school in Miramar, Puerto Rico.
When del Toro was nine years old, his mother died of hepatitis. At age 15, he moved with his father and brother to Mercersburg, where he was enrolled at the Mercersburg Academy, he attended high school there. After graduation, del Toro followed the advice of his father and pursued a business degree at the University of California, San Diego. Success in an elective drama course encouraged him to drop out of college and study with noted acting teachers Stella Adler and Arthur Mendoza, in Los Angeles, as well as at the Circle in the Square Theatre School in New York City. Del Toro surfaced in small television roles during the late 1980s, playing thugs and drug dealers on programs such as Miami Vice and the NBC miniseries Drug Wars: The Camarena Story, he appeared in Madonna's 1987 music video "La Isla Bonita" as a background character sitting on a car. Work in films followed, beginning with his debut in Big Top Pee-wee and as Dario in the James Bond movie Licence to Kill, in which the 21-year-old del Toro held the distinction of being the youngest actor to play a Bond henchman.
Del Toro continued to appear in movies including The Indian Runner, China Moon, Christopher Columbus: The Discovery, Money for Nothing and Swimming with Sharks. His career gained momentum in 1995 with his breakout performance in The Usual Suspects, where he played the mumbling, wisecracking Fred Fenster; the role won him an Independent Spirit Award for Best Supporting Male and established him as a character actor. This led to stronger roles in independent and major studio films, including playing Gaspare in Abel Ferrara's The Funeral and winning a second consecutive Independent Spirit Award for Best Supporting Male for his work as Benny Dalmau in Basquiat, directed by his friend, artist Julian Schnabel. Del Toro shared the screen with Robert De Niro in the big-budget thriller The Fan, in which he played Juan Primo, a charismatic Puerto Rican baseball star, he subsequently starred opposite Alicia Silverstone in Excess Baggage. For Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas, the 1998 film adaptation of Hunter S. Thompson's famous book, he gained more than 40 lbs. to play Dr. Gonzo, Thompson's lawyer and drug-fiend cohort.
The surrealistic film, directed by Terry Gilliam, has earned a cult following over the years. Del Toro's performances in four films in 2000 gained him a mainstream audience. First, the crime yarn The Way of the Gun reunited him with The Usual Suspects screenwriter Christopher McQuarrie. A few months he stood out among a first-rate ensemble cast in Steven Soderbergh's Traffic, a complex dissection of the North American drug wars; as Javier Rodriguez — a Mexican border policeman struggling to remain honest amid the corruption and deception of illegal drug
Biblioteca Nacional de España
The Biblioteca Nacional de España is a major public library, the largest in Spain, one of the largest in the world. It is located on the Paseo de Recoletos; the library was founded by King Philip V in 1712 as the Palace Public Library. The Royal Letters Patent that he granted, the predecessor of the current legal deposit requirement, made it mandatory for printers to submit a copy of every book printed in Spain to the library. In 1836, the library's status as Crown property was revoked and ownership was transferred to the Ministry of Governance. At the same time, it was renamed the Biblioteca Nacional. During the 19th century, confiscations and donations enabled the Biblioteca Nacional to acquire the majority of the antique and valuable books that it holds. In 1892 the building was used to host the Historical American Exposition. On March 16, 1896, the Biblioteca Nacional opened to the public in the same building in which it is housed and included a vast Reading Room on the main floor designed to hold 320 readers.
In 1931 the Reading Room was reorganised, providing it with a major collection of reference works, the General Reading Room was created to cater for students and general readers. During the Spanish Civil War close to 500,000 volumes were collected by the Confiscation Committee and stored in the Biblioteca Nacional to safeguard works of art and books held until in religious establishments and private houses. During the 20th century numerous modifications were made to the building to adapt its rooms and repositories to its expanding collections, to the growing volume of material received following the modification to the Legal Deposit requirement in 1958, to the numerous works purchased by the library. Among this building work, some of the most noteworthy changes were the alterations made in 1955 to triple the capacity of the library's repositories, those started in 1986 and completed in 2000, which led to the creation of the new building in Alcalá de Henares and complete remodelling of the building on Paseo de Recoletos, Madrid.
In 1986, when Spain's main bibliographic institutions - the National Newspaper Library, the Spanish Bibliographic Institute and the Centre for Documentary and Bibliographic Treasures - were incorporated into the Biblioteca Nacional, the library was established as the State Repository of Spain's Cultural Memory, making all of Spain's bibliographic output on any media available to the Spanish Library System and national and international researchers and cultural and educational institutions. In 1990 it was made an Autonomous Entity attached to the Ministry of Culture; the Madrid premises are shared with the National Archaeological Museum. The Biblioteca Nacional is Spain's highest library institution and is head of the Spanish Library System; as the country's national library, it is the centre responsible for identifying, preserving and disseminating information about Spain's documentary heritage, it aspires to be an essential point of reference for research into Spanish culture. In accordance with its Articles of Association, passed by Royal Decree 1581/1991 of October 31, 1991, its principal functions are to: Compile and conserve bibliographic archives produced in any language of the Spanish state, or any other language, for the purposes of research and information.
Promote research through the study and reproduction of its bibliographic archive. Disseminate information on Spain's bibliographic output based on the entries received through the legal deposit requirement; the library's collection consists of more than 26,000,000 items, including 15,000,000 books and other printed materials, 4,500,000 graphic materials, 600,000 sound recordings, 510,000 music scores, more than 500,000 microforms, 500,000 maps, 143,000 newspapers and serials, 90,000 audiovisuals, 90,000 electronic documents, 30,000 manuscripts. The current director of the Biblioteca Nacional is Ana Santos Aramburo, appointed in 2013. Former directors include her predecessors Glòria Pérez-Salmerón and Milagros del Corral as well as historian Juan Pablo Fusi and author Rosa Regàs. Given its role as the legal deposit for the whole of Spain, since 1991 it has kept most of the overflowing collection at a secondary site in Alcalá de Henares, near Madrid; the Biblioteca Nacional provides access to its collections through the following library services: Guidance and general information on the institution and other libraries.
Bibliographic information about its collection and those held by other libraries or library systems. Access to its automated catalogue, which contains close to 3,000,000 bibliographic records encompassing all of its collections. Archive consultation in the library's reading rooms. Interlibrary loans. Archive reproduction. Biblioteca Digital Hispánica, digital library launched in 2008 by the Biblioteca Nacional de España List of libraries in Spain Media related to Biblioteca Nacional de España at Wikimedia Commons Official site Official web catalog
Gonzalo Suárez Morilla is a Spanish writer and film director. In 1963 he published his first novel De cuerpo presente, his 1975 film The Regent's Wife was entered into the 9th Moscow International Film Festival. His 1991 film Don Juan in Hell was entered into the 17th Moscow International Film Festival. In 1984 he acted as the married writer in Pedro Almodóvar's ¿Qué he hecho yo para merecer esto?. In 1987 he directed Los pazos de Ulloa for TVE. At Gijón International Film Festival in 2003, he received the Nacho Martinez Award, he has a son, Gonzalo Suárez Girard, a videogame director, most well known for his work on Commandos. He appears as actor in small roleSource: Official site Interview in 2005 Revista Axolotl Oviedo Express Gonzalo Suarez on IMDb
All About My Mother
All About My Mother is a 1999 Spanish drama film written and directed by Pedro Almodóvar, starring Cecilia Roth, Marisa Paredes, Antonia San Juan, Penélope Cruz and Candela Peña. The plot originates in Almodóvar's earlier film The Flower of My Secret which shows student doctors being trained in how to persuade grieving relatives to allow organs to be used for transplant, focusing on the mother of a teenager killed in a road accident. All About My Mother deals with complex issues such as AIDS, transsexualism and existentialism; the film was a commercial and critical success internationally, winning the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film in addition to the Golden Globe for Best Foreign Language Film and the BAFTA Awards for Best Film Not in the English Language and Best Direction. The film won 6 Goya Awards including Best Film, Best Director, Best Actress; the film centers on Manuela, an Argentine nurse who oversees donor organ transplants in Ramón y Cajal Hospital in Madrid and single mother to Esteban, a teenager who wants to be a writer.
On his seventeenth birthday, Esteban is hit by a car and killed while chasing after actress Huma Rojo for her autograph following a performance of A Streetcar Named Desire, in which she portrays Blanche DuBois. Manuela has to agree with her colleagues at work that her son's heart be transplanted to a man in A Coruña. After travelling after her son's heart, Manuela quits her job and journeys to Barcelona, where she hopes to find her son's father, Lola, a transvestite she kept secret from her son, just as she never told Lola they had a son. In Barcelona, Manuela reunites with a warm and witty transvestite prostitute, she meets and becomes involved with several characters: Rosa, a young nun who works in a shelter for battered prostitutes, but is pregnant by Lola and is HIV positive. Her life becomes entwined with theirs as she cares for Rosa during her pregnancy and works for Huma as her personal assistant and acts in the play as an understudy for Nina during one of her drug abuse crises. On her way to the hospital, Rosa asks the taxi to stop at a park where she spots her father's dog and her own father, who suffers from Alzheimer's.
Rosa dies giving birth to her son, Lola and Manuela reunite at Rosa's funeral. Lola, dying from AIDS, talks about how she always wanted a son, Manuela tells her about her own Esteban and how he died in an accident. Manuela adopts Esteban, Rosa's child, stays with him at Rosa's parents' house; the father does not understand who Manuela is, Rosa's mother says it's the new cook, living there with her son. Rosa's father asks Manuela her age and height. Manuela gives her a picture of their own Esteban. Rosa's mother spots them from the street and confronts Manuela about letting strangers see the baby. Manuela tells her. Manuela flees back to Madrid with Esteban, she writes a letter to Huma and Agrado saying that she is leaving and once again is sorry for not saying goodbye, like she did years before. Two years Manuela returns with Esteban to an AIDS convention, telling Huma and Agrado, who now run a stage show together, that Esteban had been a miracle by not inheriting the virus, she says she is returning to stay with Esteban's grandparents.
When Manuela asks Huma about Nina, Huma leaves. Agrado tells Manuela that Nina went back to her town, got married, had a fat, ugly baby boy. Huma rejoins the conversation before exiting the dressing room to go perform. Cecilia Roth as Manuela Marisa Paredes as Huma Rojo Antonia San Juan as Agrado Penélope Cruz as Rosa Candela Peña as Nina Cruz Rosa Maria Sardà as Rosa's mother Fernando Fernán Gómez as Rosa's father Eloy Azorin as Esteban Toni Cantó as Lola Almodóvar dedicates his film "To all actresses who have played actresses. To all women who act. To men who act and become women. To all the people who want to be mothers. To my mother". Almodóvar recreates the accident scene from John Cassavetes' Opening Night as the epicenter of the dramatic conflict; the film was shot on location in Barcelona. The soundtrack includes "Gorrión" and "Coral para mi pequeño y lejano pueblo", written by Dino Saluzzi and performed by Saluzzi, Marc Johnson, José Saluzzi, "Tajabone", written and performed by Ismaël Lô.
The film went into general theatrical release on 16 April. It was shown at the Cannes Film Festival, the Karlovy Vary Film Festival, the Auckland Film Festival, the Austin Film Festival, the Thessaloniki International Film Festival, the New York Film Festival before going into limited release in the United States, it grossed €9,962,047 in Spain, $8,272,296 in the US and $59,600,000 in foreign markets for a worldwide box office total of $67,872,296. Janet Maslin of The New York Times called it Almodóvar's "best film by far", noting he "presents this womanly melodrama with an empathy to recall George Cukor's and an eye-dampening intensity to out-Sirk Douglas Sirk", she added, "It's the crossover moment in the career of a born four-hankie storyteller of ever-increasing stature. Look out, here he comes". Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times observed, "