Willow Creek, California
Willow Creek is a census-designated place in Humboldt County, United States. The population was 1,710 at the 2010 census, down from 1,743 at the 2000 census. Residents of this small mountain town are referred to as "Willow Creekers." The town is located around 30 miles as the crow flies inland from county seat and harbor city Eureka, with the two places vastly differing in climate. Willow Creek sits along the Trinity River. Willow Creek is described as a "rugged mountain community nestled in the heart of the Six Rivers National Forest." This area of California is located in the Trinity/Shasta/Cascade Region, near the Oregon border, is reached via State Routes 96 and 299. The town, where the Patterson-Gimlin film was made, calls itself the Bigfoot capital of the world, has a Bigfoot Museum, holds an annual "Bigfoot Daze" festival in September in honor of the creature, followed by various festivities in a local park; the roadhead of the Bluff Creek / Fish Lake Road, near which many alleged Bigfoot sightings and footprint finds occurred, is about 46 miles northeast, along Route 96.
The region is the location of the Willow Creek American Viticultural Area. Organic gardens and vineries welcome travelers to try their wares; the upper Trinity River offers a classic Class III river rafting run with moderate rapids, followed by the Burnt Ranch Gorge, one of the toughest runs in the entire state. An Amazon reviewer of the 2013 found-footage horror film, Willow Creek, says, "The endearing quirkiness of the town is captured well in the iconography, the interviews, the food." The Wikipedia review says, "The two stop off first in Willow Creek... where various locals talk to Jim's camera, warning them to keep out of the woods, singing ballads about Bigfoot, enjoying their 15 minutes in the spotlight while Jim and Kelly have a blast...." Willow Creek was served for many decades by the weekly Klamity Kourier newspaper, which closed in 2006 and was replaced by the Bigfoot Valley News based in Willow Creek. The Bigfoot Valley News has since closed, but the regional newspaper, Two Rivers Tribune, opened in 1994 and is still going strong.
Its news coverage area is from Burnt Ranch all the way to Happy Camp, 97.5 miles to the north. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 30.6 square miles, of which, 30.3 square miles of it is land and 0.3 square miles of it is water. At the census of 2000, the CDP was larger with a total area of 204.5 square miles, of which, 204.4 square miles of it being land and 0.2 square miles of it water. This region experiences much warmer summers than locations near the coast such as county seat Eureka, but retains high winter rainfall associated with coastal locations. Daytime highs in summer are representative for areas with hot-summer-mediterranean climates, but is moderated by cool nights, causing high diurnal temperature variation. Willow Creek has abbreviated "Csa" on climate maps. Summer highs are hot when compared to areas of the county that are affected by coastal fog. Willow Creek's first non-indigenous settlers were Chinese laborers from the mining and lumber camps, which earned the town the name China Flat.
The China Flat post office opened in 1878, changed its name to Willow Creek in 1915. The 2010 United States Census reported that Willow Creek had a population of 1,710; the population density was 55.9 people per square mile. The racial makeup of Willow Creek was 1,375 White, 6 African American, 167 Native American, 14 Asian, 6 Pacific Islander, 29 from other races, 113 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 108 persons; the Census reported that 1,699 people lived in households, 11 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, 0 were institutionalized. There were 812 households, out of which 161 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 353 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 63 had a female householder with no husband present, 32 had a male householder with no wife present. There were 75 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 7 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 283 households were made up of individuals and 94 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.09. There were 448 families; the population was spread out with 287 people under the age of 18, 100 people aged 18 to 24, 366 people aged 25 to 44, 642 people aged 45 to 64, 315 people who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 49.5 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.1 males. There were 1,108 housing units at an average density of 36.2 per square mile, of which 812 were occupied, of which 525 were owner-occupied, 287 were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.7%. 1,087 people lived in owner-occupied housing units and 612 people lived in rental housing units. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,743 people, 772 households, 481 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 8.5 people per square mile. There were 1,099 housing units at an average density of 5.4 per square mile. The racial makeu
Redwood Transit System
The Redwood Transit System is a commuter transit service that operates Monday-Saturday on the Highway 101 corridor between Trinidad and Garberville in Humboldt County and serves Westhaven, McKinleyville, Eureka, Fields Landing, Loleta and Scotia. The RTS Willow Creek Extension operates between Arcata and Willow Creek during weekday commute hours. Additionally, Redwood Transit System is administered by Humboldt Transit Authority. RTS operates a fleet of suburban buses with high-back seating. Mainline service between Trinidad and Scotia is operated with Gillig Phantoms and hybrid Low Floors, while service to Willow Creek and Garberville is operated with cutaway commuter buses. Redwood Transit System HTA Media: Audio and Visual Recordings of Humboldt Transit Authority buses
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Scotia is a census-designated place in Humboldt County, California. It is located on the Eel River along U. S. Route 101, 8.5 miles south-east of Fortuna and 244 miles north of San Francisco. Scotia has a population of 850. Scotia is a company town founded by the Pacific Lumber Company known as Forestville until 1888, to house workers for the lumber industry; the town was owned by PALCO until 2008, following the corporation's declaration of bankruptcy. While it is home to hundreds of past or present lumber mill employees and their dependents, a process is underway to divide the homes into lots for sale. Scotia was founded in 1863 as Forestville by the Pacific Lumber Company to house workers for its lumber industry operations in the area; the town was formed following the winter flood of 1861-1862. The Eel River crested at a gauge height of 72 feet on 23 December 1964. Eighteen-million board feet of redwood logs and 23-million board feet of lumber were washed out of the Scotia sawmill and scattered along the lower river and Pacific coast to the mouth of the Columbia River.
The Humboldt Bay and Eel River Railroad connected the town to Humboldt Bay in 1885. This railway became part of Atchison and Santa Fe Railway subsidiary San Francisco and Northwestern Railway in 1903, was linked to the national rail network by completion of the Northwestern Pacific Railroad in 1914. Forestville was renamed 25 years in 1888 to prevent confusion with Forestville, another community in California with the same name, it is said that the new name was chosen because it was populated by many residents originated from New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, that the name Scotia was chosen by a coin toss, with the alternative being Brunswick. The first post office in the town opened the same year. During the mid-to-late 19th Century, Scotia was one of numerous company towns established across the Pacific Northwest, many of which closed down during the Great Depression in the 1930s. Scotia was one of the handful of company towns to survive this period and further into the 2-yj Century, most of the existing houses were built between the 1920s and 1950s.
The 1992 Cape Mendocino earthquakes caused widespread damage in Humboldt County, including Scotia, when three major earthquakes in less than a 24-hour span. The first was a magnitude 7.2 quake at 11:06 a.m. on April 25, causing mill damage that took months to repair. The second quake at 12:41 a.m. on April 26, caused the most damage. A fire started in the Hoby's Market shopping center exploded, with firefighters trying to extinguish the fire the rest of the night, but the entire shopping center was destroyed; the earthquake caused extensive damage to the North Court area of Scotia, with numerous homes damaged and gas leakages from a damaged gas line. Pacific Gas & Electric responded to repair the gas line in North Court while all the residents were gathered on a grassy hill for the entire night; the third quake at 4:26 a.m. on April 26, measuring 6.7, compounded damage from the previous two quakes. Scotia was temporarily without water and electricity, PALCO rebuilt the shopping center, destroyed.
PALCO announced in 2006 a desire to sell commercial property. The company suggested that Scotia become part of Rio Dell, a small neighboring town located directly across the Eel River. Additionally, the need for employees had fallen from over 1,000 to around 300, in part due to a lack of logs and from automation. On January 18, 2007, PALCO filed for bankruptcy protection under Chapter 11, Title 11, United States Code. On July 8, 2008, the court issued its judgment and order confirming the Plan of Reorganization submitted by secured creditor Marathon Structured Finance Fund, joined by Mendocino Redwood Company. Pursuant to that plan, most of the Town of Scotia’s real and personal assets transferred to a reorganized entity wholly owned by Marathon, Town of Scotia Company, LLC. Under the plan, the active Scotia sawmill facilities and other ancillary office buildings will transfer to a second reorganized entity, Humboldt Redwood Company in which Marathon and MRC both have interests The Town of Scotia LLC has pursued a General Plan Amendment/ Zone Reclassification and Final Map Subdivision application.
Subdivision requires fulfillment of conditions of approval which include formation of a community services district or other public entity to manage utilities. Service district formation requires approval by the Humboldt County Local Agency Formation Commission, which has a pending application; the purpose of the subdivision is to create individual parcels for existing residential and commercial properties, public facilities. The proposed subdivision would allow for the sale of residential and commercial lots to individual property owners. Offerings includes the following: a movie theater, a museum and a hotel with the town's only bar and restaurant, a new shopping center, a school through eighth grade, a community recreation center, a baseball field and two churches. PALCO operates the town on a one million dollar annual budget. Available housing consists of 274 two-to-four-bedroom wood frame cottages; the 28 person volunteer fire department is funded by PALCO. The 2010 United States Census reported that Scotia had a population of 850.
The population density was 1,010.0 people per square mile. The r
Rio Dell, California
Rio Dell is a city in Humboldt County, United States. Rio Dell is located on the west bank of the Eel River 1 mile north of Scotia, at an elevation of 161 feet; the population was 3,363 at the 2010 census, up from 3,174 at the 2000 census. Rio Dell was first named Eagle Prairie, but was renamed to Rio Dell in 1890; the name River Dell was first suggested, but as the name was too similar to Riverdale, CA, the name of town became Rio Dell. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.4 square miles, of which, 2.3 square miles of it is land and 0.1 square miles of it is water. This region experiences warm and dry summers, with no average monthly temperatures above 71.6 °F. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Rio Dell has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps; the first post office at Rio Dell opened in 1876. Rio Dell incorporated in 1965. Rio Dell was connected to Scotia by a ferry provided by the lumber mill, a suspension bridge built in 1914.
The 2010 United States Census reported that Rio Dell had a population of 3,368. The population density was 1,393.2 people per square mile. The racial makeup of Rio Dell was 2,894 White, 13 African American, 125 Native American, 25 Asian, 3 Pacific Islander, 140 from other races, 168 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 384 persons; the Census reported that 3,347 people lived in households, 21 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, 0 were institutionalized. There were 1,367 households, out of which 440 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 560 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 199 had a female householder with no husband present, 85 had a male householder with no wife present. There were 131 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 13 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 409 households were made up of individuals and 139 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45. There were 844 families; the population was spread out with 803 people under the age of 18, 309 people aged 18 to 24, 824 people aged 25 to 44, 989 people aged 45 to 64, 443 people who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 38.3 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.7 males. There were 1,442 housing units at an average density of 596.5 per square mile, of which 1,367 were occupied, of which 774 were owner-occupied, 593 were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0.6%. 1,952 people lived in owner-occupied housing units and 1,395 people lived in rental housing units. As of the census of 2000, there were 3,174 people, 1,221 households, 830 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,684.2 people per square mile. There were 1,434 housing units at an average density of 760.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 85.63% White, 0.16% Black or African American, 3.88% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 5.73% from other races, 4.19% from two or more races. 10.81% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 1,221 households out of which 34.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.1% were married couples living together, 13.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.0% were non-families.
25.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.08. In the city, the population was spread out with 28.3% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 22.3% from 45 to 64, 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.8 males. The median income for a household in the city was $29,254, the median income for a family was $36,464. Males had a median income of $30,410 versus $19,688 for females; the per capita income for the city was $12,569. About 18.5% of families and 23.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.1% of those under age 18 and 12.1% of those age 65 or over. Rio Dell has a City Council - City Manager form of government; the City Council sets policy. The Mayor is selected by the City Council and serves as the presiding officer at city council meetings and as the official head of the city for legislative and ceremonial purposes.
As of 2015, the Rio Dell City Council consisted of Mayor Mike Mazzocco, Gordon Johnson, Tim Marks, Debra Garnes, Clout God. In the state legislature, Rio Dell is in the 2nd Senate District, represented by Democrat Mike McGuire, the 2nd Assembly District, represented by Democrat Jim Wood. Federally, Rio Dell is in California's 2nd congressional district, represented by Democrat Jared Huffman. Rio Dell, Sonoma County, California Official website
Manila is a census-designated place located adjacent to Humboldt Bay in Humboldt County, California. It is located 3.25 miles north at an elevation of 13 feet. The ZIP Code is 95521; the population was 784 at the 2010 census. The town was founded at the end of World War II, named after Manila in the Philippines. Humboldt Coastal Nature Center of Friends of the Dunes on Stamps Lane includes the Stamps Dune House and surrounding dune landscape; the house was built in 1985 as a retirement home of a couple whose heirs sold a large part of their property and the house to Manila-based Friends of the Dunes to use as a nature center on the dunes in 2007. The 2010 United States Census reported that Manila had a population of 784; the population density was 1,113.9 people per square mile. The racial makeup of Manila was 686 White, 14 African American, 25 Native American, 5 Asian, 0 Pacific Islander, 12 from other races, 42 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 30 persons; the Census reported that 777 people lived in households, 7 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, 0 were institutionalized.
There were 368 households, out of which 86 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 94 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 40 had a female householder with no husband present, 25 had a male householder with no wife present. There were 34 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 4 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 150 households were made up of individuals and 28 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.11. There were 159 families; the population was spread out with 152 people under the age of 18, 47 people aged 18 to 24, 259 people aged 25 to 44, 259 people aged 45 to 64, 67 people who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.1 years. For every 100 females, there were 117.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 122.5 males. There were 411 housing units at an average density of 583.9 per square mile, of which 368 were occupied, of which 160 were owner-occupied, 208 were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.2%.
335 people lived in 442 people lived in rental housing units. In the state legislature, Manila is in the 2nd Senate District, represented by Democrat Mike McGuire, the 2nd Assembly District, represented by Democrat Jim Wood. Federally, it is in California's 2nd congressional district, represented by Democrat Jared Huffman. California portal
Humboldt County, California
Humboldt County is a county in the U. S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 132,646; the county seat is Eureka. Humboldt County comprises CA Micropolitan Statistical Area, it is located on the far North Coast, about 270 miles north of San Francisco. Its primary population centers of Eureka, the site of College of the Redwoods main campus, the smaller college town of Arcata, site of Humboldt State University, are located adjacent to Humboldt Bay, California's second largest natural bay. Area cities and towns are known for hundreds of ornate examples of Victorian architecture. Humboldt County is a densely forested mountainous and rural county with about 110 miles of coastline, situated along the Pacific coast in Northern California's rugged Coast Ranges. With nearly 1,500,000 acres of combined public and private forest in production, Humboldt County alone produces twenty percent of total volume and thirty percent of the total value of all forest products produced in California.
The county contains over forty percent of all remaining old growth Coast Redwood forests, the vast majority of, protected or conserved within dozens of national and local forests and parks, totaling 680,000 acres. The original inhabitants of the area now known as Humboldt County include the Wiyot, Hupa, Chilula and the Eel River Athapaskan peoples, including the Wailaki and Nongatl. Andrés de Urdaneta found the coast near Cape Mendocino followed the coast south to Acapulco in 1565. Spanish traders made unintended visits to California with the Manila Galleons on their return trips from the Philippines beginning in 1565. Humboldt County was formed in 1853 from parts of Trinity County; the first recorded entry by people of European origin was a landing by the Spanish in 1775 in Trinidad. The first recorded entry of Humboldt Bay by non-natives was an 1806 visit from a sea otter hunting party from Sitka employed by the Russian American Company; the hunting party included Captain Jonathan Winship, an American, some Aleut hunters.
The bay was not visited again by people of European origin until 1849 when Josiah Gregg's party visited. In 1850, Douglas Ottinger and Hans Buhne entered the bay, naming it Humboldt in honor of the great naturalist and world explorer, Alexander von Humboldt, the name was applied to the county as a whole; the area around Humboldt Bay was once inhabited by the Wiyot Indian tribe. One of the largest Wiyot villages, was located on Indian Island in Humboldt Bay. Founded around 900 BC, it contains a shell midden 6 acres in size and 14 feet deep, it was the site of the February 26, 1860 massacre of the Wiyot people, recorded by Bret Harte living in Union, now called Arcata. Between 60 and 200 Wiyot men and children were murdered that night. Tolowot is now a National Historic Landmark. State historic landmarks in Humboldt County include Arcata and Mad River Railroad, California's First Drilled Oil Wells in Petrolia, Camp Curtis, Centerville Beach Cross, the City of Eureka, the town of Ferndale, Fort Humboldt, Humboldt Harbor Historical District, the Jacoby Building, The Old Arrow Tree, Old Indian Village of Tsurai, the Town of Trinidad, Trinidad Head.
On February 5 and 6, 1885, Eureka's entire Chinese population of 300 men and 20 women were expelled after a gunfight between rival Chinese gangs resulted in the wounding of a 12-year-old boy and the death of 56-year-old David Kendall, a Eureka City Councilman. After the shooting, an angry mob of 600 Eureka residents met and informed the Chinese that they were no longer wanted in Eureka and would be hanged if they were to stay in town longer than 3 p.m. the next day. They were shipped to San Francisco. No one was killed in the expulsion. Another Chinese expulsion occurred during 1906 in a cannery on the Eel River, in which 23 Chinese cannery workers were expelled after objections to their presence. However, some Chinese remained in the Orleans area, where some white landowners sheltered and purchased food for the Chinese mineworkers until after racial tension passed. Chinese did not return to the coastal cities until the 1950s; the coastal zone of the county experiences wet, cool winters and dry, mild foggy summers.
In the winter, temperatures range from highs of 40–59 °F to lows of 32–49 °F. Coastal summers are cool to mild, with average highs of 60 -- frequent fogs. Coastal summer temperatures range from highs of 64–70 °F to lows of 46–55 °F. In the populated areas and cities near the coast, the highest temperatures tend to occur at locations just a few miles inland from Eureka and Arcata, in towns like Fortuna, Rio Dell, smaller unincorporated communities located somewhat further away from Humboldt Bay. In these locations summer highs are 70–75 °F; the coastal zone experiences a number of frosty nights in winter and early spring, though snowfall and hard freezes are rare. Coastal winters are wet. Winter rainstorms are frequent, with averages from 30 inches to 100 inches a year varying with elevation. Inland areas of the county experience wet, cool winters. Snowfall is common at elevations over 3,000 ft throughout the winter months, is deep enough at higher elevations to have inspired the opening of a small ski lift operation on Horse Mountain, near Willow Creek, for several decades in the late 1900s.
Summer displays the sharpest difference between the inland climates. Inland regions of Humboldt County experience highs of 80–99 °F depending on