Italy the Italian Republic, is a country in Southern Europe. Located in the middle of the Mediterranean Sea, Italy shares open land borders with France, Austria and the enclaved microstates San Marino and Vatican City. Italy covers an area of 301,340 km2 and has a temperate seasonal and Mediterranean climate. With around 61 million inhabitants, it is the fourth-most populous EU member state and the most populous country in Southern Europe. Due to its central geographic location in Southern Europe and the Mediterranean, Italy has been home to a myriad of peoples and cultures. In addition to the various ancient peoples dispersed throughout modern-day Italy, the most famous of which being the Indo-European Italics who gave the peninsula its name, beginning from the classical era and Carthaginians founded colonies in insular Italy and Genoa, Greeks established settlements in the so-called Magna Graecia, while Etruscans and Celts inhabited central and northern Italy respectively; the Italic tribe known as the Latins formed the Roman Kingdom in the 8th century BC, which became a republic with a government of the Senate and the People.
The Roman Republic conquered and assimilated its neighbours on the peninsula, in some cases through the establishment of federations, the Republic expanded and conquered parts of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East. By the first century BC, the Roman Empire emerged as the dominant power in the Mediterranean Basin and became the leading cultural and religious centre of Western civilisation, inaugurating the Pax Romana, a period of more than 200 years during which Italy's technology, economy and literature flourished. Italy remained the metropole of the Roman Empire; the legacy of the Roman Empire endured its fall and can be observed in the global distribution of culture, governments and the Latin script. During the Early Middle Ages, Italy endured sociopolitical collapse and barbarian invasions, but by the 11th century, numerous rival city-states and maritime republics in the northern and central regions of Italy, rose to great prosperity through shipping and banking, laying the groundwork for modern capitalism.
These independent statelets served as Europe's main trading hubs with Asia and the Near East enjoying a greater degree of democracy than the larger feudal monarchies that were consolidating throughout Europe. The Renaissance began in Italy and spread to the rest of Europe, bringing a renewed interest in humanism, science and art. Italian culture flourished, producing famous scholars and polymaths such as Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael and Machiavelli. During the Middle Ages, Italian explorers such as Marco Polo, Christopher Columbus, Amerigo Vespucci, John Cabot and Giovanni da Verrazzano discovered new routes to the Far East and the New World, helping to usher in the European Age of Discovery. Italy's commercial and political power waned with the opening of trade routes that bypassed the Mediterranean. Centuries of infighting between the Italian city-states, such as the Italian Wars of the 15th and 16th centuries, left the region fragmented, it was subsequently conquered and further divided by European powers such as France and Austria.
By the mid-19th century, rising Italian nationalism and calls for independence from foreign control led to a period of revolutionary political upheaval. After centuries of foreign domination and political division, Italy was entirely unified in 1871, establishing the Kingdom of Italy as a great power. From the late 19th century to the early 20th century, Italy industrialised, namely in the north, acquired a colonial empire, while the south remained impoverished and excluded from industrialisation, fuelling a large and influential diaspora. Despite being one of the main victors in World War I, Italy entered a period of economic crisis and social turmoil, leading to the rise of a fascist dictatorship in 1922. Participation in World War II on the Axis side ended in military defeat, economic destruction and the Italian Civil War. Following the liberation of Italy and the rise of the resistance, the country abolished the monarchy, reinstated democracy, enjoyed a prolonged economic boom and, despite periods of sociopolitical turmoil became a developed country.
Today, Italy is considered to be one of the world's most culturally and economically advanced countries, with the sixth-largest worldwide national wealth. Its advanced economy ranks eighth-largest in the world and third in the Eurozone by nominal GDP. Italy owns the third-largest central bank gold reserve, it has a high level of human development, it stands among the top countries for life expectancy. The country plays a prominent role in regional and global economic, military and diplomatic affairs. Italy is a founding and leading member of the European Union and a member of numerous international institutions, including the UN, NATO, the OECD, the OSCE, the WTO, the G7, the G20, the Union for the Mediterranean, the Council of Europe, Uniting for Consensus, the Schengen Area and many more; as a reflection
Elio Germano is an Italian actor. He is the recipient including a Cannes Film Festival Award for Best Actor. Born in Rome to a Molisan family, Germano debuted aged twelve in Castellano e Pipolo's movie Ci hai rotto papà. During his studies at scientific lyceum, he received acting training at Teatro Azione in Rome. In 1999, he abandoned an opportunity to work in theatre with Giancarlo Cobelli in order to play in Carlo Vanzina's film Il cielo in una stanza, which launched Germano as one of the most popular Italian actors, his big break came in 2007, when he was cast as the lead in the successful movies Fallen Heroes and My Brother is an Only Child by Daniele Luchetti. The following year he first received international recognition by winning the Shooting Stars Award at the 58th Berlin International Film Festival. Germano worked with numerous directors such as Ettore Scola, Emanuele Crialese, Gianluca Maria Tavarelli, Giovanni Veronesi, Michele Placido, Gabriele Salvatores, Paolo Virzì, Francesco Patierno, Daniele Vicari and Ferzan Özpetek.
For his role in the movie My Brother is an Only Child, he won his first David di Donatello as best actor in a leading role. In 2010, he won the Best Actor Award, ex-aequo with Javier Bardem, at the Cannes Film Festival, for his interpretation in La Nostra Vita; that year, he played the son of Italian journalist Tiziano Terzani in The End Is My Beginning. For his portrait of 19th century poet Giacomo Leopardi in Mario Martone's film Leopardi, Germano was praised at the 71st Venice International Film Festival. At an early age Germano thought about becoming a cartoonist; when he was not accepted into the school of graphic arts, he opted for acting. In his spare time, Germano makes rap for a music band called Bestierare, which sings about "unemployment, precariousness and Fascist violence." Elio Germano on IMDb
An accident known as an unintentional act, is an undesirable, an unplanned event that could have been prevented had circumstances leading up to the accident been recognized, acted upon, prior to its occurrence. Most scientists who study unintentional injury avoid using the term "accident" and focus on factors that increase risk of severe injury and that reduce injury incidence and severity. Physical examples of accidents include unintended motor vehicle collisions or falls, being injured by touching something sharp, moving objects, contacting electricity or ingesting poison. Non-physical examples are unintentionally revealing a secret or otherwise saying something incorrectly, accidental deletion of data, forgetting an appointment etc. Accidents during the execution of work or arising out of it are called work accidents. According to the International Labour Organization, more than 337 million accidents happen on the job each year, together with occupational diseases, in more than 2.3 million deaths annually.
In contrast, leisure-related accidents are sports injuries. Aviation Bicycles Sailing ships Traffic collisions Train wrecks Trams Motor Vehicle wrecks Poisons, vehicle collisions and falls are the most common causes of fatal injuries. According to a 2005 survey of injuries sustained at home, which used data from the National Vital Statistics System of the United States National Center for Health Statistics, falls and fire/burn injuries are the most common causes of death; the United States collects statistically valid injury data through the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System administered by the Consumer Product Safety Commission. This program was revised in 2000 to include all injuries rather than just injuries involving products. Data on emergency department visits is collected through the National Health Interview Survey. In The U. S. the Bureau of Labor Statistics has available on their website extensive statistics on workplace accidents. Many models to characterize and analyze accidents have been proposed, which can by classified by type.
Notable types and models include: Sequential models Domino Theory Loss Causation Model Complex linear models Energy Damage Model Time sequence models Generalized Time Sequence Model Accident Evolution and Barrier Function Epidemiological models Gordon 1949 Onward Mappings Model based on Resident Pathogens Metaphor Process model Benner 1975 Systemic models Rasmussen Reason Model of System Safety Healthcare error proliferation model Human reliability Woods, 1994 Non-linear models System accident Systems-Theoretic Accident Model and Process Functional Resonance Accident Model Assertions that all existing models are insufficientIshikawa diagrams are sometimes used to illustrate root-cause analysis and five whys discussions. Accident analysis Root cause analysis Accident-proneness Idiot-proof Injury Injury prevention List of accidents and disasters by death toll Safety Safety engineering Fail-safe Poka-yoke Risk management Air safety Aviation accidents and incidents Bicycle safety Car Automobile safety Traffic collision List of rail accidents Tram accident Sailing ship accidents Aisles: Safety and regulatory considerations Explosives safety Nuclear and radiation accidents Occupational safety and health Safety data sheet Personal protective equipment Criticality accident Sports injury Accident at Encyclopædia Britannica Accident at Encyclopædia Britannica
Vincent Andrew "Vince" Schiavelli was an American character actor and food writer noted for his work on stage and television described as "the man with the sad eyes." He was notable for his numerous supporting roles. He linked his unique facial appearance and tall stature to Marfan syndrome. Schiavelli gained fame as a character actor, his best-known roles include Fredrickson in One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, Mr. Vargas in Fast Times at Ridgemont High, the Subway Ghost in Ghost, Organ Grinder in Batman Returns, Chester in The People vs Larry Flynt, Dr. Kaufman in Tomorrow Never Dies and ABC executive Maynard Smith in Man on the Moon. Before his death in 2005, Vincent Schiavelli was considered by many as one of Hollywood's best character actors. Roger Ebert stated "Schiavelli had a way of slipping into films without people knowing his name, but they remembered his great performances as unique characters." Schiavelli was born in Brooklyn, New York, to a Sicilian-American family, John Schiavelli and Katherine Coco.
He attended Bishop Loughlin Memorial High School as a teen. He studied acting through the theatre programme at New York University, he began performing on stage in the 1960s. Schiavelli's first film role occurred in Miloš Forman's 1971 production Taking Off, in which he played a counselor who taught parents of runaway teens to smoke marijuana in order to better understand their children's experiences. Schiavelli's aptitude and distinctive angular appearance soon provided him with a steady stream of supporting roles in Miloš Forman films, including One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, The People vs. Larry Flynt and the 1999 biopic Man on the Moon, he played Mr. Vargas, the biology teacher, in the 1982 comedy Fast Times at Ridgemont High, a role he reprised in the 1986 television spin-off Fast Times, he was cast in a similar role in Better Off Dead in which he played a geometry teacher. In 1987, he starred alongside Tim Conway in the short film comedy Dorf on Golf, Dorf and the First Games of Mount Olympus in 1988.
In 1990, he played the Subway Ghost in Ghost and in 1992, he played in Tim Burton's Batman Returns as the "Organ Grinder", one of the Penguin's henchmen. He appeared as another villain in the James Bond film Tomorrow Never Dies, as a silent monk in The Frisco Kid, as John O'Connor, one of the evil Red Lectroids in 1984's The Adventures of Buckaroo Banzai Across the 8th Dimension. In 1994 he appeared in the music video for ZZ Top's song "Breakaway", alongside Fairuza Balk and in 1997, he was named one of America's best character actors by Vanity Fair magazine, he made several voice appearances in the animated television show Hey Arnold!. In 2002, he played a children's television show host turned heroin addict named Buggy Ding Dong in Death to Smoochy, his first television role came in 1972 as Peter Panama in The Corner Bar, the first sustained portrayal of a gay character on American television. His other television credits include The Moneychangers, Buffy the Vampire Slayer, WKRP in Cincinnati and Taxi as the priest who marries Latka and Simka.
He appeared in the Star Trek: The Next Generation episode "The Arsenal of Freedom" as a holographic salesman, on Miami Vice as a research scientist who conspires to steal a top-secret prototype weapon from his employer, in an uncredited role in an episode of Punky Brewster. In 1987 he appeared as Lyle, a gangster, in the MacGyver season 2 episode "Soft Touch". In Highlander: The Series, he played Leo Atkins, a homeless Vietnam War veteran accused of murder in the Season 1 episode "Innocent Man". In The X-Files, he played Lanny, man with an underdeveloped conjoined twin in the Season 2 episode "Humbug", he wrote a number of cookbooks and food articles for various magazines and newspapers, notably Gourmet and the Los Angeles Times. In 1999, Schiavelli starred in a 26-episode Italian cooking show called Chefs of Cucina Amore that aired on PBS periodically for the next couple of years, he received a James Beard Foundation Journalism Award in 2001 and was nominated on several other occasions. Vincent Schiavelli's three cookbooks are memoirs, with recipes related to personal history and anecdotes: Papa Andrea's Sicilian Table: Recipes from a Sicilian Chef As Remembered by His Grandson, 1993 Bruculinu, America: Remembrances of Sicilian-American Brooklyn, Told in Stories and Recipes, 1998 Many Beautiful Things: Stories and Recipes from Polizzi Generosa, 2002 Schiavelli served as honorary co-chair of the National Marfan Foundation, an organization which serves those affected by Marfan syndrome, from which Schiavelli suffered.
Schiavelli performed in a few video games, including Emperor: Battle for Dune and as Dr. Hellman in the video game Corpse Killer. Schiavelli was married to actress Allyce Beasley from 1985 until their 1988 divorce, he guest-starred as the love interest of Beasley's character on one episode of Moonlighting. Their son, Andrea Schiavelli, was born in 1987. In 1992, Schiavelli married American harpist Carol Mukhalian. Schiavelli died of lung cancer on December 26, 2005, aged 57, at his home in Polizzi Generosa, the Sicilian town where his grandfather, Andrea Coco, was born, about which he wrote in his 2002 book Many Beautiful Things: Stories and Recipes from Polizzi Generosa. Schiavelli was buried at Polizzi Generosa Cemetery, near Sicily. Two documentaries were made about Schiavelli's Sicilian life; the first, Once Upon a Time in Polizzi, was released on October 11, 2005 and the second, Many Beautiful Things, was produced by Aurelio Gambadoro and released in 2014. The film Hey Arnold
Enzo Biagi was an Italian journalist and writer. Biagi was born in Lizzano in Belvedere, began his career as a journalist in Bologna. In 1952 he worked on the screenplay of the historical film Red Shirts. In 1953 he became the editor-in-chief of Epoca magazine. Active in journalism for six decades and author of some eighty books, Biagi won numerous awards, among which were the 1979 Saint Vincent prize and the 1985 Ischia International Journalism Award. In 1987, he won the Premio Bancarella for his book Il boss è solo, interviewing former Sicilian Mafia boss Tommaso Buscetta, who had turned pentito, he worked on the Italian national TV channel Rai Uno until 2001. On 9 May 2001, just two days before the general elections in Italy, during his daily prime time 10-minute TV show Il Fatto, broadcast on Rai Uno, Biagi interviewed the popular actor and director Roberto Benigni, who gave a hilarious talk about Silvio Berlusconi declaring his preference for the other candidate, Francesco Rutelli from the Olive Tree coalition.
Biagi disappeared from TV screens a few months after Berlusconi's declarations in Sofia named Editto Bulgaro, where the then-Prime Minister accused the popular journalist, together with fellow journalist Michele Santoro and showman/comedian Daniele Luttazzi, of having made criminal use of the public television service. Biagi's defenders argue that a public service should provide pluralism, that a country where government prevents opposing ideas from being voiced on air is a régime; the issue of Berlusconi's motives for entering politics in the first place emerged in an interview that he gave with Biagi and Indro Montanelli, stating "If I don't enter politics, I will go to jail and become bankrupt."On 22 April 2007, 86-year-old Enzo Biagi made his TV comeback on the RAI with RT - Rotocalco Televisivo, a current affairs show, broadcast on Raitre. At the opening of the show, he declared: Good evening, sorry if I am a bit emotional, maybe it is visible. There has been a technical problem, the break has lasted five years.
Until shortly before his death he was a columnist for the daily Italian newspaper Corriere della Sera, which he had worked for since the early 1970s. Obituary in The Times, 1 December 2007 "RT - Rotocalco Televisivo" website Enzo Biagi, a political affair "Il fatto" di Enzo Biagi Associated Press: Enzo Biagi obituary
Anton Alexander (actor)
Anton Alexander is an actor born in London. Alexander was the recipient of the Best Actor award for The Novel at the NYLA International Film Awards 2013, he trained at the Bristol Old Vic Theatre School, his TV and film appearances include EastEnders, The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, King David and Cemetery Man - a cult Italian horror film starring Rupert Everett, hailed by Martin Scorsese as one of the best Italian films of the 1990s. He played Hirah in the Emmy Award-winning TV film and Kim Roosevelt in the TV mini series Soraya, he worked with Sir Ridley Scott twice in 2013, playing the machiavellian Roccagiovine in The Vatican and the Hebrew spy Dathan in Exodus: Gods and Kings. Gore as the Reporter Taboo as Code Duello Exodus: Gods and Kings as Dathan The Vatican as Urbano Roccagiovine The Best Offer as Real Estate Agent Romeo and Juliet as Abraham The Novel as Edgar Allan Poe The Power of Three as Nigel Gli occhi dell'altro as Nick Forbes Soraya as Kim Roosevelt Ferrari as lawyer to Enzo Ferrari Der Grosse Bagarozy as Air Force Officer Joseph as Hirah Cemetery Man as Franco EastEnders as accountant to Ian Beale The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes as Paul Kratides King David as Runner Anton Alexander on IMDb "Dellamorte Dellamore" appraisal
Sergio Castellitto is an Italian actor, film director, screenwriter. Sergio Castellitto was born in Rome to parents from Molise, Southern Italy. After graduating from the Silvio D'Amico National Academy of Dramatic Art in 1978, he began his theatrical career in Italian public theater with Shakespeare's Measure for Measure at the Teatro di Roma and with roles in other plays such as La Madre by Brecht, Merchant of Venice, Candelaio by Giordano Bruno. At the Teatro di Genova he starred in the roles of Tuzenbach in Chekhov's Three Sisters and Jean in Strindberg's Miss Julie, both under the direction of Otomar Krejka. In the coming years, he starred in such theatrical productions as L'infelicità senza desideri and Piccoli equivoci at the Festival dei Due Mondi in Spoleto, he appeared in Barefoot in the Park by Neil Simon. During his years in the theatre, he worked alongside many famous actors, including Luigi Squarzina, Aldo Trionfo, Enzo Muzii. Castellitto began his film career in 1983 beside Marcello Mastroianni and Michel Piccoli in The General of the Dead Army by Luciano Tovoli.
He interpreted many films like Sembra morto...ma è solo svenuto directed by Felice Farina, Piccoli equivoci by Ricky Tognazzi and Stasera a casa di Alice by Carlo Verdone. He became more famous with the films The Great Pumpkin by Francesca Archibugi and The Star Maker by Giuseppe Tornatore. In the late 1980s, Castellitto appeared in several Italian television miniseries, including Un siciliano in Sicilia, Cinque storie inquietanti, Piazza Navona, Cinéma, Come stanno bene insieme, he appeared in the miniseries Victoire, ou la douleur des femmes. Success arrived with the films La famiglia, L'ultimo bacio, Caterina in the Big City, My Mother's Smile, Mostly Martha, with Don't Move, written by his wife Margaret Mazzantini. Other films that he interpreted include Il regista di matrimoni by Marco Bellocchio and La stella che non c'è by Gianni Amelio. In France Castellitto played the male lead opposite Jeanne Balibar in Jacques Rivette's Va savoir, his most recent accomplishment as actor has been in his role as Padre Pio: Miracle Man, arguably the defining role of his career.
The first film that he directed is Libero Burro, followed by Don't Move. He played the role of the antagonist, King Miraz, in the film The Chronicles of Narnia: Prince Caspian, his most recent film as director was Twice Born, which played at the Toronto Film Festival, where it was not well received by much of the English speaking press. Most Castellitto appeared in the television series In Treatment in the role of Giovanni. Castellitto is married to Margaret Mazzantini with four children. 1990 David di Donatello Award for Best Supporting Actor 1993 David di Donatello Award for Best Actor 1993 Golden Globe Award for Best Actor 1995 Venice Film Festival Pasinetti Award for Best Actor 1996 Italian National Syndicate of Film Journalists Silver Ribbon for Best Actor 2000 Mons International Festival Grand Prize 2002 European Film Award for Best Actor 2002 Flaiano Film Festival Audience Award for Best Actor 2002 Golden Globe Award for Best Actor 2002 Italian National Syndicate of Film Journalists Silver Ribbon for Best Actor 2002 Mons International Festival Award for Best Actor 2003 Flaiano International Prize Golden Pegasus for Best Television Actor 2003 Sant Jordi Award for Best Foreign Actor 2004 David di Donatello Award for Best Actor 2004 Flaiano Film Festival Audience Award for Best Film 2004 Golden Globe Award for Best Film 2005 Italian National Syndicate of Film Journalists Silver Ribbon for Best Screenplay 2006 Venice Film Festival Pasinetti Award for Best Actor 2007 Italian National Syndicate of Film Journalists European Silver Ribbon 2009 Rome Film Fest Award for Best Actor Sergio Castellitto on IMDb