The Ferrari F399 was the car with which the Ferrari team competed in the 1999 Formula One season. The F399 was almost identical to the previous seasons F300 model and it was initially driven by Michael Schumacher and Eddie Irvine, Mika Salo substituting for the German when he broke his leg at Silverstone. AUTOCOURSE 1999–2000, Alan, Hazleton Publishing Ltd
The McLaren MP4/13 was a racing car that the McLaren Formula One team used during the 1998 Formula 1 season. Designer Adrian Newey had joined McLaren from Williams F1 in 1997, the work was rewarded when the MP4/12 took a 1-2 win at the 1997 European Grand Prix. When the 1998 season got under way four months it became clear that Newey had adapted to the changes for 1998 best. With the cars now narrower and running on grooved tyres, the MP4/13 was the car to beat, the dominance of the MP4/13 was displayed in the opening race of the season, the 1998 Australian Grand Prix. Drivers Mika Häkkinen and David Coulthard outclassed the competition by leaving every competitor at least a lap behind, Adrian Neweys aerodynamic design was by far the most efficient one and Mercedes produced the most powerful engine of the season. McLarens dominance continued on the race of the season in Brazil. However, the MP4/13 retained its superiority on high-speed tracks like Hockenheim and Silverstone, during the 1998 season, Coulthards MP4/13 speed trapped the highest of all 1998 cars when he was clocked at 353 km/h at the old Hockenheim circuit.
While Ferraris Michael Schumacher put up a fight when the season progressed, Häkkinen became world champion that year. Also, McLaren won the Constructors Championship, with Häkkinen winning eight Grands Prix and this was McLarens first championship victory since 1991 with McLaren great Ayrton Senna, and their most successful year since the peak of the Prost-Senna feud of the 1989 season. The record time for the Goodwood Festival of Speed hillclimb was set in 1999 when Nick Heidfeld drove an MP4/13 up the hill in 41.6 seconds, carbon fibre, aluminium Gearbox,6 gears Cooling system, two McLaren/Calsonic water radiators, two McLaren/Marston oil radiators. Tyres, Bridgestone Wheels, Enkei 13-in Brakes, AP Racing discs and claws Oil and Petrol, Mobil Ignition, TAG2000 Spark plugs, NGK AUTOCOURSE 1998-99, Alan, Hazleton Publishing Ltd
1998 Japanese Grand Prix
The 1998 Japanese Grand Prix was a Formula One motor race held at Suzuka, Japan on 1 November 1998. It was the sixteenteth and final round of the 1998 Formula One season, the 51-lap race was won by Mika Häkkinen driving for the McLaren-Mercedes team. Eddie Irvine, driving for Ferrari, finished second with David Coulthard third in the other McLaren, häkkinens win confirmed him as 1998 Drivers Champion as title-rival Michael Schumacher retired with a punctured tyre on Lap 31. Schumacher started on pole position but stalled on the formation lap, Schumacher managed to climb the field during the course of the race and eventually retired from a punctured tyre sustained from running over debris from an incident that occurred previously. Heading into the race of the season, McLaren driver Mika Häkkinen was leading the Drivers Championship with 90 points. A maximum of 10 points were available for the remaining race, behind Häkkinen and Schumacher in the Drivers Championship, David Coulthard was third on 52 points in a McLaren, with Eddie Irvine fourth on 41 points in a Ferrari.
In the Constructors Championship, McLaren were leading on 142 points and Ferrari were second on 127 points, during the four week break that followed the Luxembourg Grand Prix, Ferrari and McLaren performed private tests that were heavily scheduled. After having been involved since their debut in 1965, tyre supplier Goodyear bowed out of Formula One, competing manufacturer Bridgestone became the sports single tyre supplier for the 1999 season. Two practice sessions were held before the race, the first was held on Friday that was split into two parts and the second on Saturday morning, the first session was held for a total of three hours with the second session lasting two hours. Schumacher set the fastest time in the first practice session with a time of 1,39.823, two-tenths of a second from Jordan driver and Brother Ralf Schumacher, Schumachers team-mate Irvine was fourth fastest, Häkkinen was fifth fastest with team-mate Coulthard rounding out the top six. The Qualifying session was run as a session held on Saturday afternoon.
Schumacher clinched his third pole position in his Ferrari, with a time of 1,36.293. He was joined on the front row by Hakkinen, who was one-tenths of a second behind, Coulthard was third in the other McLaren. Irvine took fourth in the second Ferrari, with Frentzen taking fifth despite going off into the late in the session. The start of the race was aborted with the Prost car of Jarno Trulli stalling from 14th position, before the second attempt to start the race, Schumachers Ferrari moved forward from his starting position and stalled as he put his car into gear. This promoted Häkkinen into pole position as Schumacher started from the back of the grid, at the start, Häkkinen pulled away while Irvine overtook Coulthard for second. The Ferrari driver was unable to attack the leading Finn, while Schumacher moved up the order, by lap four, Schumacher overtook his brother Ralf for seventh, but was stuck behind the fighting former world champions Damon Hill and Jacques Villeneuve. He lost thirty seconds in the following laps over race leader Häkkinen, damaging his hopes for victory, after all frontrunners had pitted, Schumacher emerged in third place, having put in some fast laps
Rory Byrne is a South African semi-retired engineer and car designer, most famous for being the chief designer at the Benetton and Scuderia Ferrari Formula One teams. Byrne-designed cars have won ninety-nine Grands Prix, seven constructors titles and this makes Byrne the third most successful Formula One designer, behind rivals Adrian Newey and Colin Chapman. Byrne became interested in racing at Witwatersrand University in Johannesburg, South Africa, firstly as a competitor. It was in period that he first began to design racing cars. His first car, a Formula Ford racer, was competitive, following his success in 1972 Byrne relocated to England to pursue a career in racing car design. An introduction to Ted Toleman in 1977 offered the opportunity for the thirty-three-year-old who was by now an established figure in British motor racing. Toleman was owner of a Formula 2 team and hired the South African as its designer, several seasons of increasingly respectable results culminated in first and second place in the 1980 European Formula 2 championship.
The team with Rory Byrne as its designer was now ready to make the jump into Formula One. The first Byrne-designed car to appear at a grand prix was the Hart-powered TG181, lacking the finances to reach the first three long-haul races Toleman entered Formula One at the San Marino Grand Prix. It was in the off-season of 1983/84 that Toleman signed Ayrton Senna – a move that almost made Byrne, the teams steady progress towards the front of the grid was given a boost in 1985 when the Benetton family announced plans to purchase Toleman. After a brief spell with the abortive Reynard F1 project in 1991 Byrne returned to Benetton that fall, what he found was a changed team now firmly under the control of Flavio Briatore and with hotshot Michael Schumacher installed as number one driver. Byrnes B193 car was a substantial technical advancement on the previous car, incorporating a semi-automatic gearbox, four-wheel steering. The car took a win in the hands of Schumacher. It was immediately obvious at the first race of 1994 that Byrnes B194 chassis would be the car to beat.
Critics suggested that the domination was more a result of an uncharacteristic slump by Williams star designer Adrian Newey. A late-season charge by Williams robbed Byrne of his first constructors title, with the accusations of cheating behind them, the Benetton team secured both titles before the season was finished – finally Byrne had what he wanted most. His car had won the Formula One constructors crown, with the hugely influential Schumacher leaving Benetton for Ferrari at the end of the season, the team began to fragment. Byrne announced that he would retire in 1996, Benetton technical director Ross Brawn was hired and Ferrari approached Rory Byrne to replace the teams existing chief designer John Barnard who refused to re-locate to Italy
Autocourse is a series of annuals covering motor racing, and Formula One in particular. The annuals cover a period of the sports history, from 1951 to the present day. The first edition of Autocourse appeared in 1951, as a review of motorsport. Its aims were to provide the most complete data obtainable with interesting and authentic information, settle arguments and provide countless hours of interesting study, the first Autocourse in annual form was published in 1959 as a paperback. The first hardback annual was 1961/62, starting in 1966, the annuals editor has chosen the Top Ten F1 drivers of each season. In 1991, the Formula One Review was changed into a team-by-team format, in 2000, Autocourse celebrated its 50th anniversary. In 2005, Bryn Williams took on the publishing of the annual with Crash Media Group, in late 2009, CMG confirmed a deal to sell on the title to Icon Publishing. The front cover features a photograph of that years F1 championship-winning driver in his car. In 1976, a drawing by Michael Turner was used, in 1994 and 1995, three photos were used on the front cover.
The interior title page features the runner-up, or another photograph of note. This has been written by the newly crowned champion since 1963 and is accompanied by their signature and this is a page or so of material which summarises the year in motor racing from the editors point of view. Since 1988, the editor has been Alan Henry, his predecessor was Maurice Hamilton. For the 50th anniversary edition in 2000, the publisher, Richard Poulter, the annual states that these top ten F1 drivers are chosen by the editor, taking into account their racing performances and the equipment at their disposal. This has been a feature of Autocourse since 1966, drivers who do not complete the whole season are not usually eligible to be included in the list, although exceptions have been made. The 2008 edition included obituaries for Phil Hill, Ove Andersson, Paul Newman and Jean-Marie Balestre, among a few others. As Autocourse is published before the end of the year, persons who died at the end of the year are listed in next publication, there are usually some in-depth articles on various F1 topics, e. g. rule changes.
These are usually written by well-known motor racing journalists, for example Nigel Roebuck and this is the main section of the annual. Before 1991, this consisted of an analysis of the season as a whole, followed by technical reviews of each team
1998 Canadian Grand Prix
The 1998 Canadian Grand Prix was a Formula One motor race held at Circuit Gilles Villeneuve on 7 June 1998. The 69-lap race was the round of the 1998 Formula One season. In Montreal, David Coulthard secured his third position of the season. The Scotsman managed to do the fastest time at the end of the session. Mika Häkkinen was very unlucky during the qualifying session and he encountered a lot of traffic during his quick laps. Michael Schumacher was third, and was surprised by his lap time which was only 0.2 seconds behind Coulthards time. The night before qualifying, Eddie Irvine had released a comment saying that the Canadian Grand Prix would be crucial for Ferrari, at the start of the race Michael Schumacher started brilliantly and overtook Mika Häkkinen, whilst his brother Ralf Schumacher stalled. This carnage brought out the red flag, the race was stopped and Alesi and Trulli all took the restart in their spare cars. Herbert was lucky that his mechanics were able to repair his Sauber, the only damage to the car proved to be a bent suspension arm.
At the second start, Michael Schumachers Ferrari got a poor start, häkkinens gearbox jammed while further back there was another incident. This time it was Ralf Schumacher who was pushing too hard, he went across the grass. This caused mayhem in the pack behind him, Michael Schumacher managed to overtake Giancarlo Fisichella on the first lap but due to all the retirements the safety car was sent out. After five laps, the safety car back in and the order was, David Coulthard followed by Schumacher, Jacques Villeneuve, Rubens Barrichello. As the race got under way again and Michael Schumacher started to pull away from the rest of the field, Coulthard led for the first 13 laps until the safety car came out for the second time. Pedro Diniz had gone off the track and when he rejoined he threw a lot of grass, when the safety car went back in, there were another three retirements. Mika Salo collided with Johnny Herbert who went off for the second time, the accident involving Salo and Herbert sent out the safety car for a third time, and Michael Schumacher took advantage by making a pitstop.
When he got out and yellow flags were waved to show that there was to be no overtaking, coming out of the pit lane on lap 20 Schumacher shot across to block Frentzen for turn one. Frentzen steered off the track and onto the grass and spun into the gravel at the end of one to retire from the Grand Prix
Formula One is the highest class of single-seat auto racing that is sanctioned by the Fédération Internationale de lAutomobile. The FIA Formula One World Championship has been the form of racing since the inaugural season in 1950. The formula, designated in the name, refers to a set of rules, the F1 season consists of a series of races, known as Grands Prix, held worldwide on purpose-built F1 circuits and public roads. The results of each race are evaluated using a system to determine two annual World Championships, one for drivers, one for constructors. The racing drivers are required to be holders of valid Super Licences, the races are required to be held on tracks graded 1, the highest grade a track can receive by the FIA. Most events are held in locations on purpose-built tracks, but there are several events in city centres throughout the world. Formula One cars are the fastest road racing cars in the world. Formula One cars race at speeds of up to approximately 375 km/h with engines currently limited in performance to a maximum of 15,000 RPM, the cars are capable of lateral acceleration in excess of five g in corners.
The performance of the cars is very dependent on electronics – although traction control and other driving aids have been banned since 2008 – and on aerodynamics, the formula has radically evolved and changed through the history of the sport. F1 had a global television audience of 425 million people during the course of the 2014 season. Grand Prix racing began in 1906 and became the most popular internationally in the second half of the twentieth century. The Formula One Group is the holder of the commercial rights. Its high profile and popularity have created a major merchandising environment, since 2000 the sports spiraling expenditures and the distribution of prize money favoring established top teams have forced complaints from smaller teams and led several teams to bankruptcy. On 23 January 2017 it was confirmed that Liberty Media had completed its $8 billion acquisition of Delta Topco, the Formula One series originated with the European Grand Prix Motor Racing of the 1920s and 1930s.
The formula is a set of rules that all cars must meet. Formula One was a new formula agreed upon after World War II during 1946, the first world championship race was held at Silverstone, United Kingdom in 1950. A championship for constructors followed in 1958, national championships existed in South Africa and the UK in the 1960s and 1970s. Non-championship Formula One events were held for years, but due to the increasing cost of competition
1998 Italian Grand Prix
The 1998 Italian Grand Prix was a Formula One motor race held at Monza on 13 September 1998. The race was won by Michael Schumacher and this was the last win for tyre manufacturer Goodyear in Formula One. Villeneuve running very low downforce soon spun out of the race, Häkkinen was just three seconds behind with a handful of laps remaining, but his rear brakes failed, sending him into a wild spin at the Roggia chicane. He was able to keep his engine running and kept going, but at the beginning of the lap he went off again at the first Rettifilo chicane. Soon after Ralf Schumacher caught and over took Häkkinen who was able to home in 4th. Michael Schumacher was now level on points with Mika Häkkinen going into the Nürburgring, bold text indicates who still has a theoretical chance of becoming World Champion. Note, Only the top five positions are included for both sets of standings, lap leaders, Mika Häkkinen 10, David Coulthard 9, Michael Schumacher 34 This was the last win for tyre manufacturer Goodyear in F1.
This marked the first time that brothers Michael and Ralf Schumacher stood on the podium together, mcLarens bad luck started when David Coulthards engine blew whilst leading, Häkkinen in second was blinded by the smoke allowing Michael Schumacher to pass. Häkkinen slipped to 4th with brake trouble, johnny Herbert spun off owing to a spanner that had been left by one of the Sauber mechanics in his car that slipped beneath the pedals. Tora Takagi was fourth fastest in the Warm-up session
Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a federal parliamentary republic in central-western Europe. It includes 16 constituent states, covers an area of 357,021 square kilometres, with about 82 million inhabitants, Germany is the most populous member state of the European Union. After the United States, it is the second most popular destination in the world. Germanys capital and largest metropolis is Berlin, while its largest conurbation is the Ruhr, other major cities include Hamburg, Cologne, Stuttgart, Düsseldorf and Leipzig. Various Germanic tribes have inhabited the northern parts of modern Germany since classical antiquity, a region named Germania was documented before 100 AD. During the Migration Period the Germanic tribes expanded southward, beginning in the 10th century, German territories formed a central part of the Holy Roman Empire. During the 16th century, northern German regions became the centre of the Protestant Reformation, in 1871, Germany became a nation state when most of the German states unified into the Prussian-dominated German Empire.
After World War I and the German Revolution of 1918–1919, the Empire was replaced by the parliamentary Weimar Republic, the establishment of the national socialist dictatorship in 1933 led to World War II and the Holocaust. After a period of Allied occupation, two German states were founded, the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic, in 1990, the country was reunified. In the 21st century, Germany is a power and has the worlds fourth-largest economy by nominal GDP. As a global leader in industrial and technological sectors, it is both the worlds third-largest exporter and importer of goods. Germany is a country with a very high standard of living sustained by a skilled. It upholds a social security and universal health system, environmental protection. Germany was a member of the European Economic Community in 1957. It is part of the Schengen Area, and became a co-founder of the Eurozone in 1999, Germany is a member of the United Nations, NATO, the G8, the G20, and the OECD.
The national military expenditure is the 9th highest in the world, the English word Germany derives from the Latin Germania, which came into use after Julius Caesar adopted it for the peoples east of the Rhine. This in turn descends from Proto-Germanic *þiudiskaz popular, derived from *þeudō, descended from Proto-Indo-European *tewtéh₂- people, the discovery of the Mauer 1 mandible shows that ancient humans were present in Germany at least 600,000 years ago. The oldest complete hunting weapons found anywhere in the world were discovered in a mine in Schöningen where three 380, 000-year-old wooden javelins were unearthed
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom or Britain, is a sovereign country in western Europe. Lying off the north-western coast of the European mainland, the United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state—the Republic of Ireland. The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain and Ireland, with an area of 242,500 square kilometres, the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world and the 11th-largest in Europe. It is the 21st-most populous country, with an estimated 65.1 million inhabitants, this makes it the fourth-most densely populated country in the European Union. The United Kingdom is a monarchy with a parliamentary system of governance. The monarch is Queen Elizabeth II, who has reigned since 6 February 1952, other major urban areas in the United Kingdom include the regions of Birmingham, Glasgow and Manchester.
The United Kingdom consists of four countries—England, Wales, the last three have devolved administrations, each with varying powers, based in their capitals, Edinburgh and Belfast, respectively. The relationships among the countries of the UK have changed over time, Wales was annexed by the Kingdom of England under the Laws in Wales Acts 1535 and 1542. A treaty between England and Scotland resulted in 1707 in a unified Kingdom of Great Britain, which merged in 1801 with the Kingdom of Ireland to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Five-sixths of Ireland seceded from the UK in 1922, leaving the present formulation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain, there are fourteen British Overseas Territories. These are the remnants of the British Empire which, at its height in the 1920s, British influence can be observed in the language and legal systems of many of its former colonies. The United Kingdom is a country and has the worlds fifth-largest economy by nominal GDP. The UK is considered to have an economy and is categorised as very high in the Human Development Index.
It was the worlds first industrialised country and the worlds foremost power during the 19th, the UK remains a great power with considerable economic, military and political influence internationally. It is a nuclear weapons state and its military expenditure ranks fourth or fifth in the world. The UK has been a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council since its first session in 1946 and it has been a leading member state of the EU and its predecessor, the European Economic Community, since 1973. However, on 23 June 2016, a referendum on the UKs membership of the EU resulted in a decision to leave. The Acts of Union 1800 united the Kingdom of Great Britain, Scotland and Northern Ireland have devolved self-government
The Ferrari F310, and its evolution, the F310B, were the Formula One racing cars with which the Ferrari team competed in the 1996 and 1997 seasons. It was driven in years by Michael Schumacher and Eddie Irvine. The F310 and F310B won a total of eight Grands Prix,22 podiums,7 pole positions and 172 points, the F310 proved to be a front-running car, but without the outright pace or superb reliability which led to the Williams FW18s dominating 1996. Development proved troublesome, with the cars having to use the 1995 cars parts early in the season whilst structural problems were cured. The name F310 refers to the type, a 3 litre,10 cylinder - a nomenclature consistent with that used for Ferraris F1 cars from 1966 to 1980. The engine was called the 310. The high nose was eventually adopted permanently from the Canadian Grand Prix onwards. In an interview in 2012, Irvine did not have memories of the F310, calling it an awful car a piece of junk and almost undriveable, as did John Barnard. The team nonetheless retained their constructors points